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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927215/effect-of-fibrin-glue-injection-into-the-cavernous-sinus-for-hemostasis-during-transcavernous-surgery-on-the-cerebral-venous-draining-system
#1
Terushige Toyooka, Naoki Otani, Kojiro Wada, Arata Tomiyama, Hideaki Ueno, Kazuya Fujii, Takuji Yamamoto, Yasuaki Nakao, Kentaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The extradural temporopolar transcavernous approach can be used to treat central skull base pathologies, but control of bleeding from the opened cavernous sinus is essential. Oxidized cellulose cotton packing and fibrin glue injection can be used, but the effect on the postoperative venous draining pattern remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in the venous drainage pattern immediately after transcavernous surgery with and without fibrin glue injection into the bleeding cavernous sinus...
April 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926887/-characteristics-of-allergic-conjunctivitis-with-positive-skin-prick-test
#2
S Yang, Y Jiang, Y M Jin, J Y Zhang, Y Li
Objective: To observe the clinical characteristics of allergic conjunctivitis, and the correlations with skin prick test results. Methods: A retrospective study. Forty patients with positive skin prick test result were included. Patients underwent an ophthalmologic examination to identify their primary presenting signs and symptoms. The allergy types were divided into 5 groups. All dates were analyzed for the dependence, normality and homogeneity of variance. Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and Spearman correlation analysis were performed accordingly...
September 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926233/copper-i-catalyzed-regio-and-stereoselective-intramolecular-alkylboration-of-propargyl-ethers-and-amines
#3
Hiroaki Iwamoto, Yu Ozawa, Koji Kubota, Hajime Ito
The copper(I)-catalyzed regio- and stereoselective intramolecular alkylation of propargyl ethers and amines bearing an alkyl electrophilic moiety has been developed. The reaction showed high functional group tolerance and gave highly functionalized alkenylboronates bearing heterocyclic rings, which are versatile synthetic intermediates in organic chemistry. The borylation products can be transformed into multi-substituted alkenes through stereospecific transformations. Mechanistic studies showed that the chemo- and stereoselectivity of copper(I)-catalyzed borylation depends on the type of leaving group...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925598/atrophy-of-the-parahippocampal-gyrus-is-prominent-in-heart-failure-patients-without-dementia
#4
Tomomi Meguro, Yuko Meguro, Takeyoshi Kunieda
AIMS: The exacerbation of heart failure (HF) induces brain damage and cognitive impairment (CI), which frequently attenuates the effects of treatment. However, it is not clear whether HF patients without clinical dementia demonstrate increased risk of CI. We examined whether local atrophy in the parahippocampal gyrus, a potential predictor of CI, is prominent in HF patients without clinical dementia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty stable HF patients with a history of admission due to decompensated HF or presentation of apparent pulmonary congestion following chest X-ray and 17 controls were enrolled in this observational, analytical, cross-sectional, case-control study...
July 17, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925168/-meta-analysis-of-supplemented-zhenwu-decoction-for-treating-congestive-heart-failure
#5
Yuan-Ping Wang, Jie Xiong, Xia Yan, Xiao-Hui Li, Zi-Qing Luo
The paper was to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of supplemented Zhenwu decoction for treating congestive heart-failure. Three foreign language databases including the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase and four Chinese databases including CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang Database were retrieved from their establishment to July 2016 for all randomized control trials(RCTs) on supplemented Zhenwu decoction in treatment of congestive heart-failure. The references in the included RCTs were also traced. Literature selection and information extraction was completed and screened by two independent reviewers, and Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924605/pai-1-is-a-critical-regulator-of-fgf23-homeostasis
#6
Mesut Eren, Aaron T Place, Paul M Thomas, Panagiotis Flevaris, Toshio Miyata, Douglas E Vaughan
Elevated levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a bone-derived phosphaturic hormone, are associated with a number of pathologic conditions including chronic kidney disease, cardiac hypertrophy, and congestive heart failure. Currently, there are no specific treatments available to lower plasma FGF23 levels. We have recently reported that genetic plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) deficiency provided a significant reduction in circulating FGF23 levels while simultaneously prolonging the life span of Klotho-deficient mice...
September 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924593/use-of-the-over-the-scope-clip-otsc-in-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-with-severe-cardiovascular-comorbidities-a-retrospective-study
#7
Edris Wedi, Daniel von Renteln, Susana Gonzalez, Olena Tkachenko, Carlo Jung, Sinan Orkut, Victor Roth, Selin Tumay, Juergen Hochberger
INTRODUCTION:  The over-the-scope-clip (OTSC) can potentially overcome limitations of standard clips and achieve more efficient and reliable hemostasis. Data on OTSC use for non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) in patients with cardiovascular comorbidities are currently limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  We prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed our database from February 2009 to September 2015 from all patients who underwent emergency endoscopy for high-risk NVUGIB in 2 academic centers and were treated with OTSC as first-line (n = 81) or second-line therapy (n = 19)...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924134/nutcracker-syndrome-with-pelvic-congestion
#8
Kiyonori Ito, Susumu Ookawara, Yuichiro Ueda, Yoshiyuki Morishita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924104/validation-of-the-r2chads2-and-chads2-scores-for-predicting-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment
#9
Kazuo Washida, Hisatomo Kowa, Hirotoshi Hamaguchi, Fumio Kanda, Tatsushi Toda
Objective Post-stroke cognitive impairment often afflicts stroke survivors and is a major obstacle both for cognitive and physical rehabilitation. Stroke risk scores ["Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years, Diabetes mellitus, Stroke" (CHADS2) and "CHADS2 + creatinine clearance <60 mL/min" (R2CHADS2)] are used to assess the future risk of cardioembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, congestive heart failure, hypertension, aging, diabetes mellitus, stroke, and renal dysfunction are also risk factors for cognitive impairment...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921034/does-nasal-congestion-have-a-role-in-decreased-resistance-to-regular-cpap-usage
#10
Ayşe İriz, Mehmet Düzlü, Oğuz Köktürk, Yusuf Kemal Kemaloğlu, Fakih Cihat Eravcı, Mehmet Ekrem Zorlu, Recep Karamert
Nasal obstruction is known to cause resistance to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In this paper, short- and long-term nasal congestion in OSAS patients receiving CPAP treatment were evaluated with acoustic rhinometry (AR). A total of 36 patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS, diagnosed with polysomnography were included in the study. Ten healthy subjects without OSAS constituted the control group. Pre-treatment nasal patency were measured with AR in all participants...
September 18, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919844/practical-nutritional-recovery-strategies-for-elite-soccer-players-when-limited-time-separates-repeated-matches
#11
REVIEW
Mayur Krachna Ranchordas, Joel T Dawson, Mark Russell
Specific guidelines that aim to facilitate the recovery of soccer players from the demands of training and a congested fixture schedule are lacking; especially in relation to evidence-based nutritional recommendations. The importance of repeated high level performance and injury avoidance while addressing the challenges of fixture scheduling, travel to away venues, and training commitments requires a strategic and practically feasible method of implementing specific nutritional strategies. Here we present evidence-based guidelines regarding nutritional recovery strategies within the context of soccer...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919690/subchronic-toxicity-of-nile-tilapia-with-different-exposure-routes-to-microcystis-aeruginosa-histopathology-liver-functions-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers
#12
H M R Abdel-Latif, A M Abou Khashaba
BACKGROUND: Toxic cyanobacterial blooms (Microcystis aeruginosa contains microcystins [MCs]) have been reported to induce clinicopathological alterations as well as different oxidative stress in aquatic biota. AIM: Three-week subchronic exposure experiment was carried out on Nile tilapia, to determine their effects on fish behavior, tissues, liver functions, antioxidant enzymes, and lipid peroxidation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fish were exposed to four main treatments; orally fed diet plus toxic cells of M...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919595/a-case-of-hepatorenal-syndrome-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-with-high-renal-congestion
#13
Hiroteru Kamimura, Takayuki Watanabe, Tomoyuki Sugano, Nao Nakajima, Junji Yokoyama, Kenya Kamimura, Atsunori Tsuchiya, Masaaki Takamura, Hirokazu Kawai, Takashi Kato, Gen Watanabe, Satoshi Yamagiwa, Shuji Terai
BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a reversible renal impairment that occurs in patients with acute liver failure and advanced liver cirrhosis. HRS is due to a renal vasoconstriction that results from extreme vasodilatation. It is therefore a functional disorder, not associated with structural kidney damage. On the other hand, end-stage liver diseases are often complicated by massive ascites. Massive ascites may cause abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), which includes impairment of renal blood flow, but there are no reports indicating that kidney lesions caused by ACS may pathologically contribute to end-stage liver diseases...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916858/an-endoscopic-mucosal-grading-system-is-predictive-of-leak-in-stapled-rectal-anastomoses
#14
Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Mehraneh D Jafari, Mark Hanna, Christina Y Koh, Colette S Inaba, Steven D Mills, Joseph C Carmichael, Ninh T Nguyen, Michael J Stamos, Alessio Pigazzi
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak is a devastating postoperative complication following rectal anastomoses associated with significant clinical and oncological implications. As a result, there is a need for novel intraoperative methods that will help predict anastomotic leak. METHODS: From 2011 to 2014, patient undergoing rectal anastomoses by colorectal surgeons at our institution underwent prospective application of intraoperative flexible endoscopy with mucosal grading...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916119/safety-and-efficacy-of-glycerol-phenylbutyrate-for-management-of-urea-cycle-disorders-in-patients-aged-2months-to-2years
#15
Susan A Berry, Nicola Longo, George A Diaz, Shawn E McCandless, Wendy E Smith, Cary O Harding, Roberto Zori, Can Ficicioglu, Uta Lichter-Konecki, Beth Robinson, Jerry Vockley
INTRODUCTION: Glycerol phenylbutyrate (GPB) is approved in the US for the management of patients 2months of age and older with urea cycle disorders (UCDs) that cannot be managed with protein restriction and/or amino acid supplementation alone. Limited data exist on the use of nitrogen conjugation agents in very young patients. METHODS: Seventeen patients (15 previously on other nitrogen scavengers) with all types of UCDs aged 2months to 2years were switched to, or started, GPB...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915538/long-term-t3-and-t4-treatment-as-an-alternative-to-aerobic-exercise-training-in-improving-cardiac-function-post-myocardial-infarction
#16
Rayane Brinck Teixeira, Alexsandra Zimmer, Alexandre Luz de Castro, Bruna Gazzi de Lima-Seolin, Patrick Türck, Rafaela Siqueira, Adriane Belló-Klein, Pawan K Singal, Alex Sander da Rosa Araujo
Here we aimed to compare the beneficial effects of T3 and T4 hormone treatment to those provided by aerobic exercise training in Wistar rats post-myocardial infarction (MI). Rats in one group were SHAM-operated and in the other group were subjected to MI surgery. One week after surgery, the MI group animals either received T3 and T4 hormones by gavage or underwent a low intensity aerobic exercise training protocol on a treadmill, and both treatments lasted until 10 weeks after MI. Untreated SHAM-operated and MI groups were also followed for the same duration...
September 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915393/the-comparative-effectiveness-of-noninvasive-and-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-pneumonia
#17
Mihaela S Stefan, Aruna Priya, Penelope S Pekow, Tara Lagu, Jay S Steingrub, Nicholas S Hill, Brian H Nathanson, Peter K Lindenauer
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of patients hospitalized with pneumonia treated with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the HealthFacts multihospital electronic medical record database, we included patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of pneumonia and treated with NIV or IMV. We developed a propensity model for receipt of initial NIV and assessed the outcomes in a propensity-matched cohort, and in a covariate adjusted and propensity score weighted models...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914803/achieving-congestion-mitigation-using-distributed-power-control-for-spectrum-sensor-nodes-in-sensor-network-aided-cognitive-radio-ad-hoc-networks
#18
Long Zhang, Haitao Xu, Fan Zhuo, Hucai Duan
The data sequence of spectrum sensing results injected from dedicated spectrum sensor nodes (SSNs) and the data traffic from upstream secondary users (SUs) lead to unpredictable data loads in a sensor network-aided cognitive radio ad hoc network (SN-CRN). As a result, network congestion may occur at a SU acting as fusion center when the offered data load exceeds its available capacity, which degrades network performance. In this paper, we present an effective approach to mitigate congestion of bottlenecked SUs via a proposed distributed power control framework for SSNs over a rectangular grid based SN-CRN, aiming to balance resource load and avoid excessive congestion...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913839/long-term-stability-of-a-compounded-suspension-of-torsemide-5-mg-ml-for-oral-administration
#19
D Adin, P R Johnson, C H Kim, T Nguyenba, S Rosen
BACKGROUND: Torsemide use for congestive heart failure (CHF) has been reported, but prescription frequency is unknown. Commercially available tablet sizes in North America limit dosing precision, indicating a need to evaluate its strength and stability in suspension. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of torsemide prescriptions and to determine a beyond use date (BUD) of a compounded suspension of torsemide for oral administration stored under 2 temperature conditions for 90 days...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913677/thus-far-and-no-further-should-diastolic-hypotension-limit-intensive-blood-pressure-lowering
#20
REVIEW
Marcel Ruzicka, Cedric Edwards, Brendan McCormick, Swapnil Hiremath
Intensive blood pressure lowering to systolic blood pressure thresholds of less than 120 mmHg is making a slow comeback with the publication of trials supporting its benefit, especially in lowering stroke and congestive heart failure. At the same time, there is an increasing awareness of the prevalence and risk of diastolic hypotension, especially at levels of less than 60 mmHg, with support for the existence of a J-curve coming from post hoc analyses of trials and epidemiological data from large cohort studies...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
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