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human papilloma virus DNA

Mogge Hajiesmaeil, Farzaneh Tafvizi, Soheila Sarmadi
Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer among women worldwide. Several factors lead to cervical cancer, among which human papilloma virus (HPV) infection has a prominent role. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is crucial in folate metabolic pathway and plays an important role in DNA synthesis and DNA methylation. MTHFR gene polymorphisms, including C677T and A1298C, lead to reduced enzyme activity. This case-control study aims to illustrate the association between MTHFR gene polymorphisms and the risk of cervical cancer...
October 19, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Priyanka G Bhosale, Manishkumar Pandey, Rajiv S Desai, Asawari Patil, Shubhada Kane, Kumar Prabhash, Manoj B Mahimkar
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we comprehensively analyzed the prevalence of transcriptionally active human papilloma virus (HPV) in tissue samples of Indian patients with leukoplakia, predominantly hyperplastic lesions and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In addition, saliva samples from patients with HNSCC were screened for HPV detection. STUDY DESIGN: P16 overexpression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Tissue samples of leukoplakia (n = 121) and HNSCC (n = 427) and saliva from patients with HNSCC (n = 215) were tested for HPV using nested polymerase chain reaction...
November 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Carolin Götz, Enken Drecoll, Melanie Straub, Oliver Bissinger, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Andreas Kolk
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are often divided by their aetiology. Noxae associated collectives are compared with the human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated group, whereas different localisations of oral (OSCC) and oropharyngeal (OPSCC) squamous cell carcinomas are mostly discussed as one single group. Our aim was to show that classification by aetiology is not appropriate for OSCC. RESULTS: HPV DNA was detected by PCR in 7 (3.47%) patients, and we identified 12 (5...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Jochen Hess
Infection with high-risk types of the human papilloma virus (HPV) is an etiological risk factor for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and associated with a better response to therapy and improved survival. A better understanding of the molecular principles underlying the differences in clinical behavior could pave the way to establish more effective and less toxic therapy for HPV-positive OPSCC and their HPV-negative counterparts. Compelling experimental evidence demonstrates that extensive global reprogramming of epigenetic profiles is as important as genetic mutations during neoplastic transformation and malignant progression, including HPV-positive OPSCC...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Pawel Golusinski
Human papillomavirus has been identified as a causative factor for a subset of head and neck carcinomas (HNSCC). The majority of the HPV-positive tumors arises in the oropharyngeal region, and at present, the infection of the human papilloma type 16 is the major cause of the oropharyngeal cancer development. Patients with HPV DNA-positive tumors have been shown to be younger in age and are less likely to have a history of tobacco smoking or alcohol use. The tumors referred to the HPV positivity have been proven to more likely confer better prognosis...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Soheila Moeini, Mohsen Saeidi, Fatemeh Fotouhi, Mahdieh Mondanizdeh, Sadegh Shirian, Alireza Mohebi, Ali Gorji, Amir Ghaemi
The use of DNA vaccines has become an attractive approach for generating antigen-specific cytotoxic CD8(+) T lymphocytes (CTLs), which can mediate protective antitumor immunity. The potency of DNA vaccines encoding weakly immunogenic tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) can be improved by using an adjuvant injected together with checkpoint antibodies. In the current study, we evaluated whether the therapeutic effects of a DNA vaccine encoding human papilloma virus type 16 (HPV-16) E7 can be enhanced by combined application of an immune checkpoint blockade directed against the programmed death-1 (PD-1) pathway and secondary lymphoid tissue chemokine (SLC) also known as CCL21 adjuvant, in a mouse cervical cancer model...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Virology
Elena Illiano, Massimiliano Bissa, Francesca Paolini, Carlo Zanotto, Carlo De Giuli Morghen, Rosella Franconi, Antonia Radaelli, Aldo Venuti
The therapeutic antitumor potency of a prime-boost vaccination strategy was explored, based on the mutated, nontransforming forms of the E6 (E6F47R) and E7 (E7GGG) oncogenes of Human Papilloma Virus type 16 (HPV16), fused to the Potato virus X (PVX) coat protein (CP) sequence. Previous data showed that CP fusion improves the immunogenicity of tumor-associated antigens and may thus increase their efficacy. After verifying the correct expression of E6F47RCP and E7GGGCP inserted into DNA and Fowlpox virus recombinants by Western blotting and immunofluorescence, their combined use was evaluated for therapy in a pre-clinical mouse model of HPV16-related tumorigenicity...
October 2, 2016: Virus Research
Shabnam Akhter, Pradip Manna, Mohammed Kamal, C James Sung, W Dwayne Lawrence, M Ruhul Quddus
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh, with a population of 160 million and nearly half being women, has the 4th highest rate of cervical carcinoma deaths in the world. It is projected that ∼500,000 of these women would die of this entirely preventable cancer by 2030. HPV vaccination is not widely offered in Bangladesh. This pilot study is designed to find out the prevalence of rare and multi-viral high-risk HPV (hrHPV) subtype(s) infection which may help strategize a large scale vaccination program in tackling cervical carcinoma in the country...
2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Shaleen Multani, Dhananjaya Saranath
Globocan 2012 reports the global oral cancer incidence of 300,373 new oral cancer cases annually, contributing to 2.1 % of the world cancer burden. The major well-established risk factors for oral cancer include tobacco, betel/areca nut, alcohol and high-risk oncogenic human papilloma virus (HPV) 16/18. However, only 5-10 % of individuals with high-risk lifestyle develop oral cancer. Thus, genomic variants in individuals represented as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) influence susceptibility to oral cancer...
September 20, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
A Frega, F Manzara, M Schimberni, A Guarino, A Catalano, P Bianchi, R Marziani, G Cozza, G N Milazzo, D French, D Caserta
OBJECTIVE: The increased use of the intrauterine contraception (IUC) in female population and its probable relationship with cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer make necessary clarify the possible interaction between the device and the pre-neoplastic lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven hundred and eighty-nine patients users of IUC and 1491 patients ever users of IUC were followed every 6 months for 3 years. Each clinical control included Papanicolau test, colposcopy, HPV-DNA test and HPV-mRNA test...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Fatemeh Atashafrooz, Farokh Rokhbakhsh-Zamin
Prostatic cancer is the second cause of cancer-related death among men worldwide. The human papilloma viruses (HPVs) are a family of sexually transmitted viruses which have may have roles in the etiology of inflammation in the prostate leading to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa). In this study, we evaluated the frequency of different HPV types in prostatic cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Kerman province, southeast of Iran, using real-time PCR techniques. The aim of the present research was to clarify any association with prostatic carcinogenesis...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Suchitra Thunga, Anusmitha Andrews, John Ramapuram, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy, Hema Kini, B Unnikrishnan, Prabha Adhikari, Prakhar Singh, Shama Prasada Kabekkodu, Samatha Bhat, Anagha Kadam, Avinash K Shetty
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the association between CD4 count, human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, and the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia among HIV-infected women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 104 HIV-infected women attending an antiretroviral therapy clinic. They underwent Pap smear and cervical HPV DNA testing. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of HPV infection was 57.7%. HPV 16 was the commonest genotype found (38...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Pradyot Prakash, Shashikant C U Patne, Ashish Kumar Singh, Mohan Kumar, Mukti Nath Mishra, Anil Kumar Gulati
AIMS: To devise nested multiplex polymerase chain reaction (NMPCR) protocol for detection of mucosal human papilloma viruses (HPVs) and typing of HPV-16 and -18 in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues of carcinoma cervix (CaCx). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NMPCR was done for simultaneous detection of HPV, targeting 134 bp L1 capsid gene employing GP+/mGP+ primers and typing of genotypes-16 and -18, targeting E6/E7 gene from 34 FFPE tissue blocks of CaCx and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
Basilio Passamonti, Daniela Gustinucci, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Elena Cesarini, Simonetta Bulletti, Angela Carlani, Nadia Martinelli, Massimo Broccolini, Valentina D'Angelo, Maria Rosaria D'Amico, Eugenio Di Dato, Paola Galeazzi, Morena Malaspina, Nicoletta Spita, Beatrice Tintori, Maria Donata Giaimo
OBJECTIVE: To present the results of the first and second round human papilloma virus (HPV)-based screening programme in the Umbria region after three years. METHODS: From August 2010 to November 2011, the entire female population aged 35-64 in a local health district was invited for HPV testing (HPV-DNA cobas4800 on a liquid-based cytology sample). HPV-negative women were re-invited after three years. For HPV-positive women, a slide was prepared and interpreted...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Medical Screening
Laura Ortega-Cervantes, Adriana Aguilar-Lemarroy, Aurora Elizabeth Rojas-García, Briscia Socorro Barrón-Vivanco, Verónica Vallejo-Ruiz, David Cantú-De León, Yael Yvette Bernal Hernández, Armando Jáuregui-Martínez, Irma Martha Medina-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: In Mexico cervical cancer (CC) is the most common cause of death from neoplasia in women. Study aimed to analyze the current distribution of Human papillomavirus (HPV) types in women from Nayarit, Mexico, with Squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) and Cervical cancer (CC). METHODOLOGY: Between January 2011 and July 2013, cervical samples were collected from female residents of the Mexican state of Nayarit and were analyzed by means of a LINEAR ARRAY® HPV genotyping test...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
L A Avila, L R M M Aps, N Ploscariu, P Sukthankar, R Guo, K E Wilkinson, P Games, R Szoszkiewicz, R P S Alves, M O Diniz, Y Fang, L C S Ferreira, J M Tomich
We recently reported on a new class of branched amphiphilic peptides that associate with double stranded DNA and promote in vitro transfection of eukaryotic cells. In the present study, we tested a different formulation in which plasmid DNA associates with the surface of preformed 20-30nm cationic capsules formed through the self-assembly of the two branched amphiphilic peptides. Under these conditions, the negatively charged DNA interacts with the cationic surface of the Branched Amphiphilic Peptide Capsules (BAPCs) through numerous electrostatic interactions generating peptide-DNA complexes with sizes ranging from 50 to 250nm...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
S A Bhide, K Thway, J Lee, K Wong, P Clarke, K L Newbold, C M Nutting, K J Harrington
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate if defective repair of DNA double-strand break (DSB) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) could be used as an early predictor of treatment response. METHODS: Tumour biopsy 24-36 h following induction chemotherapy (IC) and pre-treatment biopsies were stained for RAD51 and geminin (S-phase marker) for immunofluorescence in patients with HNSCC. The difference between RAD51 score (percentage of geminin-positive cells that were also positive for RAD51) was calculated for the two specimens...
September 27, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Giuseppa Visalli, Monica Currò, Alessio Facciolà, Romana Riso, Placido Mondello, Pasqualina Laganà, Angela Di Pietro, Isa Picerno, Pasquale Spataro
BACKGROUND: The human papilloma viruses (HPVs) are DNA viruses associated with benign and malignant lesions of skin and mucous membranes. The HPVs has been implicated as the cause of virtually all cervical cancers worldwide but studies showed that these viruses can cause numerous cancers in several tissues including Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC). At least 90 % of HPV-positive OSCCs are associated with high-risk (or oncogenic) HPV-16 and oral infection confers an approximate 50-fold increase in risk for HPV-positive OSCC...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
Elham Beyranvand Nejad, Tetje C van der Sluis, Suzanne van Duikeren, Hideo Yagita, George M Janssen, Peter A van Veelen, Cornelis J M Melief, Sjoerd H van der Burg, Ramon Arens
Certain cytotoxic chemotherapeutic drugs are immunogenic, stimulating tumor immunity through mechanisms that are not completely understood. Here we show how the DNA-damaging drug cisplatin modulates tumor immunity. At the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), cisplatin cured 50% of mice with established murine TC-1 or C3 tumors, which are preclinical models of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancer. Notably, the curative benefit of cisplatin relied entirely upon induction of tumor-specific CD8(+) T cells. Mechanistic investigations showed that cisplatin stimulated tumor infiltration of inflammatory antigen-presenting cells (APC) expressing relatively higher levels of the T-cell costimulatory ligands CD70, CD80, and CD86...
October 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Fridolin Mujuni, Mariam M Mirambo, Peter Rambau, Korn Klaus, Muller Andreas, Dismas Matovelo, Mtebe Majigo, Christa Kasang, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: High risk (HR) human papilloma Virus (HPV) genotypes have been associated with cervical cancer. In Tanzania there is a limited data on the epidemiology of HPV and genotypes distribution among HIV infected women. Here we document varieties of HPV genotypes associated with cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) among HIV- infected women at Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza-Tanzania. METHODS: A cross sectional hospital based study involving HIV infected women was conducted between August and October, 2014...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
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