Read by QxMD icon Read

diabetes puberty

Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
T Mahévas, D Gobert, M Gatfossé, A Mekinian, O Fain
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic glycogenosis is a rare syndrome, which includes poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, hepatomegaly, delayed puberty, and growth delay. Insulin edema is sometimes associated. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old woman presented with diffuse edema, hepatomegaly, amenorrhea, uncontrolled diabetes, and elevated transaminases and cholestasis. Hepatic ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomographic scan confirmed the hepatomegaly. The liver biopsy showed a massive glycogenosis and the diagnosis of hepatic glycogenosis was confirmed...
October 13, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Visalini Nair-Shalliker, Sarsha Yap, Carlos Nunez, Sam Egger, Jennifer Rodger, Manish I Patel, Dianne L O'Connell, Freddy Sitas, Bruce K Armstrong, David P Smith
Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common non-cutaneous cancer in men worldwide. The relationships between PC and possible risk factors for PC cases (n=1181) and male controls (n=875) from the New South Wales (NSW) Cancer, Lifestyle and Evaluation of Risk Study (CLEAR) were examined in this study. The associations between PC risk and paternal history of PC, body mass index (BMI), medical conditions, sexual behaviour, balding pattern and puberty, after adjusting for age, income, region of birth, place of residence, and PSA testing, were examined...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Jae-Ho Yoo
The menarcheal age of Korean women has been rapidly decreasing for the last 50 years, and the average menarcheal age of women born in the 1990s is approaching 12.6 years. In addition, interest in early puberty has been increasing recently owing to the rapid increase in precocious puberty. Generally, out of concern for short stature and early menarche, idiopathic central precocious puberty in female adolescents is treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs. Studies to date have described the association between early menarche and psychosocial problems such as delinquency and risky sexual behavior, as well as physical health problems such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and breast cancer throughout the lifespan of women...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
(no author information available yet)
Teenagers' tendency to put on weight at puberty has been linked to a sudden drop in the calories burned while resting, in a new study. When girls and boys reach puberty there is a rapid drop in calories burned, which is counter-intuitive as calories burned could be expected to rise with the growth spurt.
October 7, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Ying Xue, Min Gao, Yiqing Gao
The universal endocrine pathological state affecting young individuals and adults is type 2 diabetes mellitus, which has seen a significant increase in the last 30 years, particularly in children. Genetic and evnironmental factors are the causative agents for this pathological state in children. This rapid and wide spread of the disease can be controlled by enforcing amendments in environmental factors such as diet, physical activities and obesity. In young infants breastfeeding may be a key modulator of the disease...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Katharina Warncke, Franziska Falco, Wolfgang Rabl, Ilse Engelsberger, Julia Saier, David Flores-Rodriguez, Stefan Burdach, Walter Bonfig
BACKGROUND: Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a rare disease with an estimated incidence of 1:40,000 live births. Here, we characterize 11 patients treated at Munich Children's Hospital Schwabing. METHODS: We analyzed data on birth, treatment and laboratory results including genetic testing and evaluated the long-term course with a follow-up visit. RESULTS: All patients had severe, diazoxide-(DZX)-resistant hypoglycemia, beginning immediately after birth...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
David Krahulik, Darina Aleksijevic, Vratislav Smolka, Eva Klaskova, Petra Venhacova, Miroslav Vaverka, Vladimir Mihal, Jirina Zapletalova
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Retrospective studies of TBI have found a neuroendocrine dysfunction following traumatic brain injury in 23 to 60% of adults and 15 to 21% of children. Our aims were to determine the prevalence of hypothalamo-hypophyseal dysfunction in children following brain injury, assess its relationship to the type of injury and the course of the acute post-traumatic phase. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Body development (growth, pubertal development, and skeletal maturity) were evaluated in 58 patients (21 girls) after a brain injury rated 3 to 12 on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)...
September 19, 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rebecca J Gordon, Jennifer Bell, Wendy K Chung, Raphael David, Sharon E Oberfield, Sharon L Wardlaw
PURPOSE: Acromegaly in infancy is extremely rare. We describe a 32 year old woman who presented at 6 months of age with isolated macrocephaly, followed by accelerated linear growth. At 21 months of age, her head circumference was 55 cm (+5.5 SD), height was 97.6 cm (+4.4 SD) and weight was 20.6 kg (+6.2 SD). She had markedly elevated levels of growth hormone (GH) (135 ng/ml), IGF-1 (1540 ng/ml) and prolactin (370 ng/ml). A pituitary macroadenoma was surgically resected. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for GH...
September 8, 2016: Pituitary
M Mostazir, A Jeffery, J Hosking, B Metcalf, L Voss, T Wilkin
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is closely linked to obesity, and obesity rates climb during adolescence for reasons that are not clear. Energy efficiency is important to obesity, and we describe a temporary but substantial fall in absolute energy expenditure, compatible with improved energy efficiency, during the rapid growth phase of puberty. METHODS: In a longitudinal cohort study lasting 10 years, we measured voluntary energy expenditure as physical activity (PA) by accelerometry, involuntary energy expenditure as resting energy expenditure (REE) by oxygen consumption, body mass index (BMI) and body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry annually on 10 occasions from 7 to 16 years in the 347 children of the EarlyBird study...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
R Ohman-Hanson, M Cree-Green, M M Kelsey, D H Bessesen, T A Sharp, L Pyle, R I Pereira, K J Nadeau
CONTEXT: Insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes are increasing, particularly in Hispanic vs. Non-Hispanic White (NHW) populations. Adiponectin has a known role in IR and therefore understanding ethnic and sex-specific behavior of adiponectin across the lifespan is of clinical significance. OBJECTIVE: To compare ethnic and sex differences in adiponectin, independent of BMI, across the lifespan and relationship to IR. DESIGN: cross-sectional Setting: primary care, referral center Patients: 187 NHW, 117 H participants (8-57 years) without diabetes...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Bahman Sotoodian, Mariam Abbas, Alain Brassard
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting skin sites with a high density of apocrine glands. HS commonly presents after puberty, with most patients diagnosed in the second decade of their life. Several studies have investigated smoking, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia as possible underlying risk factors for HS. However, we encountered 2 patients with a long-standing history of untreated leukemia who developed late-onset HS...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Dan Tian, Jing Cen, Min Nie, Feng Gu
Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI) is a genetic disorder presenting with polyuria and polydipsia and is caused by mutations in the arginine vasopressin-neurophysin II (AVP-NPII) gene. The clinical manifestations of this disorder vary greatly depending on different mutations. The present study reports the genetic, clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients with FNDI caused by five novel mutations. Ten patients encompassing two pedigrees and four individual cases diagnosed with FNDI were included...
October 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Scott M Blackman, Vin Tangpricha
Cystic fibrosis is frequently complicated by endocrine disorders. Diabetes can be expected to affect most with CF and pancreatic insufficiency and varies widely in age of onset, but early identification and treatment improve morbidity and mortality. Short stature can be exacerbated by relative delay of puberty and by use of inhaled corticosteroids. Bone disease in CF causes fragility fractures and should be assessed by monitoring bone mineral density and optimizing vitamin D status. Detecting and managing endocrine complications in CF can reduce morbidity and mortality in CF...
August 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Belén Pastor-Villaescusa, Javier Caballero-Villarraso, M Dolores Cañete, Raúl Hoyos, José Maldonado, Gloria Bueno, Rosaura Leis, Ángel Gil, Ramón Cañete, Concepción M Aguilera
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are considered to be serious public health problems. In pediatric populations, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension associated with obesity occur with increased frequencies. Metformin is an oral anti-hyperglycemic agent that has been demonstrated to be efficacious in the treatment of diabetic and non-diabetic obese adults. A considerable amount of pharmacogenetic research has demonstrated that genetic variation is one of the major factors affecting metformin response...
2016: Trials
Mikael Knip, Heli Siljander, Jorma Ilonen, Olli Simell, Riitta Veijola
Islet cell antibodies (ICA) were found for the first time more than 40 yr ago in patients with autoimmune endocrine deficiencies, including type 1 diabetes (T1D). ICA detected by indirect immunofluorescence represent a heterogeneous group of autoantibodies targeting a series of biochemical autoantigens, such as the protein tyrosine phosphatase related islet antigen 2 (IA-2), the 65 kD isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GA65), and zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8) as well as currently unidentified autoantigens...
July 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Melinda Pierce, Brian Scottoline
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a rare disease resulting from a somatic, mosaic mutation of GNAS1 encoding the Gs α subunit of the G-protein coupled membrane receptor responsible for multiple hormonal signaling cascades. We present a patient with neonatal MAS who initially presented with neonatal diabetes and concern for congenital cardiac disease, and subsequently was found to have significant ACTH-independent neonatal Cushing syndrome. Her course included multi-system organ involvement, although she initially did not have obvious findings consistent with the MAS classic triad of café-au-lait macules, fibrous dysplasia, or peripheral precocious puberty...
July 13, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Courtney K Pickworth, Omni L Cassidy, Rachel M Radin, Lisa M Shank, Anna Vannucci, Katherine A Thompson, Sara A Armaiz-Flores, Sheila M Brady, Andrew P Demidowich, Ovidiu A Galescu, Amber B Courville, Cara Olsen, Kong Y Chen, Eric Stice, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Prospective data suggest depressive symptoms worsen insulin resistance and accelerate type 2 diabetes (T2D) onset. PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether reducing depressive symptoms in overweight/obese adolescents at risk for T2D would increase insulin sensitivity and mitigate T2D risk. METHOD: We conducted a parallel-group, randomized controlled trial comparing a 6-week cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention group with a 6-week health education (HE) control group in 119 overweight/obese adolescent girls with mild-to-moderate depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale [CES-D] ≥16) and T2D family history...
June 22, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Ai Kubo, Assiamira Ferrara, Cecile A Laurent, Gayle C Windham, Louise C Greenspan, Julianna Deardorff, Robert A Hiatt, Charles P Quesenberry, Lawrence H Kushi
We investigated whether in utero exposure to maternal pregravid obesity and/or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was associated with early puberty in girls. We used data from a longitudinal study of 421 mother-daughter pairs enrolled in an integrated health services organization, Kaiser Permanente Northern California (2005-2012). Girls aged 6-8 years were followed annually through ages 12-14 years. Onset of puberty was assessed using study clinic-based Tanner staging. We examined associations of self-reported pregravid obesity and maternal GDM with timing of the daughter's transition to pubertal maturation stage 2 or above for development of breasts and pubic hair, using accelerated failure time regression models with interval censoring to estimate time ratios and hazard ratios and corresponding 95% confidence intervals...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"