keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

diabetes puberty

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179813/sex-differences-in-the-effects-of-androgens-acting-in-the-central-nervous-system-on-metabolism
#1
Jamie Morford, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis
One of the most sexually dimorphic aspects of metabolic regulation is the bidirectional modulation of glucose and energy homeostasis by testosterone in males and females. Testosterone deficiency predisposes men to metabolic dysfunction, with excess adiposity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes, whereas androgen excess predisposes women to insulin resistance, adiposity, and type 2 diabetes. This review discusses how testosterone acts in the central nervous system, and especially the hypothalamus, to promote metabolic homeostasis or dysfunction in a sexually dimorphic manner...
December 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168619/pure-endoscopic-management-of-epileptogenic-hypothalamic-hamartomas
#2
S Chibbaro, H Cebula, J Scholly, J Todeschi, I Ollivier, A Timofeev, M Ganau, P Di Emidio, M P Valenti, A M Staack, T Bast, B J Steinhoff, E Hirsch, P Kehrli, F Proust
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HH) are rare congenital malformations located in the region of the tuber cinereum and third ventricle. Their usual clinical presentation is characterized by gelastic/dacrystic seizures which often become pharmaco-resistant and progress to secondary focal/generalized intractable epilepsy causing mostly in children cognitive and behavioral problems (particularly in cases of progressive epileptic encephalopathy) and precocious puberty. Whereas gelastic seizures can be surgically controlled either by resection of the lesion or disconnection (tissue-destructive) procedures, aimed at functionally prevent the spreading of the epileptic burst; generalized seizures tend to respond better to HH excision rather than isolated neocortical resections, which generally fail to control them...
February 7, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112874/duration-of-puberty-in-preterm-girls
#3
L L Hui, H S Lam, G M Leung, C M Schooling
OBJECTIVES: Preterm birth is associated with altered pubertal timing, but the effect on pubertal duration has rarely been assessed. Here, we tested the hypothesis that preterm birth is associated with shorter duration of puberty among girls in Hong Kong where preterm birth has little social patterning. METHODS: In the population-representative Chinese birth cohort "Children of 1997", we used multivariable linear regression to assess the association of preterm status (≤36 completed gestational weeks, n = 170; term birth 37-42 gestational weeks, n = 3476) with duration of puberty, adjusted for parent's highest education, mother's place of birth, maternal smoking during pregnancy, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and mother's age of menarche...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093873/diagnostic-and-management-challenges-from-childhood-puberty-through-to-transition-in-severe-insulin-resistance-due-to-insulin-receptor-mutations
#4
Christina Wei, Christine P Burren
Two Caucasian girls, both of normal weight and body mass indices, were diagnosed with type A insulin resistance (IR) in childhood. Case 1 presented with premature adrenarche aged 7 years, then by age 12 years had hirsutism, acne, acanthosis nigricans, and asymptomatic diabetes. Subsequent investigation revealed raised adiponectin (15.3 mg/L) and heterozygous p.Pro1205Leu mutation in the INSR gene encoding the insulin receptor. She experienced postprandial hypoglycaemia on metformin; acarbose was trialled and discontinued aged 16 years, as she became normoglycaemic...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063503/does-oral-glutamine-improve-insulin-sensitivity-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#5
Lournaris Torres-Santiago, Nelly Mauras, Jobayer Hossain, Arthur L Weltman, Dominique Darmaun
OBJECTIVE: The decline in insulin sensitivity (SI) associated with puberty increases the difficulty of achieving glycemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). The aim of this study was to determine whether glutamine supplementation affects blood glucose by enhancing SI in adolescents with T1D. METHODS: Thirteen adolescents with T1D (HbA1C 8.2 ± 0.1%) were admitted to perform afternoon exercise (four 15-min treadmill/5-min rest cycles of exercise) on two occasions within a 4-wk period...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007778/longitudinal-trajectories-of-metabolic-control-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-in-type-1-diabetes-from-a-large-german-austrian-registry-a-group-based-modeling-approach
#6
Anke Schwandt, Julia M Hermann, Joachim Rosenbauer, Claudia Boettcher, Désirée Dunstheimer, Jürgen Grulich-Henn, Oliver Kuss, Birgit Rami-Merhar, Christian Vogel, Reinhard W Holl
OBJECTIVE: Worsening of glycemic control in type 1 diabetes during puberty is a common observation. However, HbA1c remains stable or even improves for some youths. The aim is to identify distinct patterns of glycemic control in type 1 diabetes from childhood to young adulthood. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 6,433 patients with type 1 diabetes were selected from the prospective, multicenter diabetes patient registry Diabetes-Patienten-Verlaufsdokumentation (DPV) (follow-up from age 8 to 19 years, baseline diabetes duration ≥2 years, HbA1c aggregated per year of life)...
December 22, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973749/banting-memorial-lecture-2016-reducing-lifetime-risk-of-complications-in-adolescents-with-type%C3%A2-1-diabetes
#7
D B Dunger
Adolescence is a challenging period of life for any young person, and for those with Type 1 diabetes, physiological and psychological factors can result in a deterioration in glycaemic control. In young people with Type 1 diabetes, puberty may be an additional risk factor impacting on the lifetime risk for renal and cardiovascular complications. Our longitudinal studies have identified that increases in urinary albumin excretion through childhood are associated with the development of microalbuminuria and a generalized endotheliopathy linked to cardiovascular risk...
December 14, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922891/coexistence-of-adult-onset-eruptive-syringoma-and-bilateral-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report
#8
Pinar Incel Uysal, Basak Yalcin, Esra Ozhamam, Onder Bozdogan
Eruptive syringoma is an unusual variant of syringoma, which usually presents before or during puberty. It typically occurs in large numbers as multiple yellow-brown-colored papules, which may show spontaneous regression. Because some authors have proposed that it could present as a reactive process of eccrine ducts to an inflammatory reaction caused by an unknown trigger, the exact pathomechanism is still unclear. There are also reports in the literature on the association of eruptive syringoma in Down syndrome, diabetes, milium, sarcoidosis, and psychiatric disorders...
January 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889727/longitudinal-growth-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#9
Lavanya Parthasarathy, Vaman Khadilkar, Shashi Chiplonkar, Anuradha Khadilkar
OBJECTIVE: To study longitudinal growth in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Anthropometry, disease duration, insulin regimens and HbA1C recorded from patients with diabetes enrolled in a specialty clinic. RESULTS: 160 children (75 boys; mean (SD) age 9.4 (3.3) y) were enrolled. 35% children had low (<25th centile) height velocity. Disease duration and HbA1C affected height velocity (adjusted for puberty). Children on basal-bolus had higher height velocity Z scores than those on a split mix regimen [(0...
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875946/the-role-of-sexual-dysfunction-and-infertility-on-reproductive-health-in-diabetics-pathogenesis-evaluation-and-management
#10
Jason Gandhi, Gautam Dagur, Kelly Warren, Noel Smith, Sardar Ali Khan
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled or long-term diabetes mellitus is conducive to vascular and oxidative stress disturbances that impede several physiological systems, which may in turn elicit psychological symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We assess the sexual and hormonal complications of diabetes mellitus that impair reproductive function in males and females. METHOD: A comprehensive MEDLINE® search was guided using key words relevant to diabetes mellitus and reproductive health...
November 22, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832452/clinical-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-antihyperglycemic-medications-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
REVIEW
Fatemeh Akhlaghi, Kelly L Matson, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour, Meghan Kelly, Asieh Karimani
The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among children and adolescents has been rising. This condition is associated with obesity, and it's prevalence is higher among minority or female youth. Lifestyle modification including diet and exercise is only successful in a small proportion of patients; therefore, pharmacotherapy approaches are needed to treat T2DM among youth. Currently, in the USA, only metformin and insulin are approved for the treatment of T2DM in children. However, several antihyperglycemic agents including exenatide, glimepiride, glyburide, liraglutide, pioglitazone, and rosiglitazone are also used off-label in this population...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816924/men-s-knowledge-of-their-own-fertility-a-population-based-survey-examining-the-awareness-of-factors-that-are-associated-with-male-infertility
#12
D Daumler, P Chan, K C Lo, J Takefman, P Zelkowitz
STUDY QUESTION: How knowledgeable are men about the medical, environmental and psychological factors that are associated with male infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Men, across most demographic groups, have limited knowledge of the various factors that are associated with male infertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Few surveys have focused on men's knowledge of their own fertility. Studies of both men and women have found that men are comparatively less knowledgeable about issues of fertility and reproductive health...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807935/type-2-diabetes-in-a-5-year-old-and-single-center-experience-of-type-2-diabetes-in-youth-under-10
#13
Jessica Hutchins, Rose Ann Barajas, Daniel Hale, Elia Escaname, Jane Lynch
The worrisome rise in pediatric type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is most prevalent among minority ethnic/racial populations. Typically, T2DM occurs during puberty in high risk obese adolescents with evidence of insulin resistance. Screening for T2DM in obese youth can be a daunting task for pediatricians and differentiating between pediatric T1DM and T2DM in obese youth can be challenging for pediatric endocrinologists. There is very limited data regarding the prevalence of T2DM among youth < 10 years of age...
November 3, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802095/sex-differences-in-associations-of-adiposity-measures-and-insulin-resistance-in-us-hispanic-latino-youth-the-hispanic-community-children-s-health-study-study-of-latino-youth-sol-youth
#14
Qibin Qi, Simin Hua, Krista M Perreira, Jianwen Cai, Linda Van Horn, Neil Schneiderman, Bharat Thyagarajan, Alan M Delamater, Robert C Kaplan, Carmen R Isasi
CONTEXT: US Hispanic/Latino youth are disproportionally affected by the obesity and diabetes. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations of adiposity measures with insulin resistance (IR) and hyperglycemia, and influences of sex and pubertal development on these associations. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1,223 8-16 year-old Hispanic/Latino youth from a community-based study in US (SOL Youth). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: IR (≥75th percentile of sex-specific HOMA-IR) and hyperglycemia (fasting glucose≥100mg/dl or HbA1c≥5...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799945/the-influence-of-a-long-term-growth-hormone-treatment-on-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-a-randomized-trial-in-short-japanese-children-born-small-for-gestational-age
#15
Reiko Horikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiromi Nishinaga, Yoshihisa Ogawa, Susumu Yokoya
BACKGROUND: Long-term growth hormone (GH) treatments in short children born small for gestational age (SGA) restore lipid metabolism, but also increase insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of long-term GH therapy on lipid and glucose metabolism as well as its dose dependency in short Japanese children born SGA. METHODS: Eighty Japanese children with a short stature who were born SGA participated in this study; 65 were treated with fixed GH doses of 0...
2016: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788294/streptozotocin-induced-maternal-hyperglycemia-increases-the-expression-of-antioxidant-enzymes-and-mast-cell-number-in-offspring-rat-ventral-prostate
#16
Ana C L Camargo, Sérgio A A Dos Santos, Jaqueline C Rinaldi, Flavia B Constantino, Ketlin T Colombelli, Wellerson R Scarano, Sérgio L Felisbino, Luis A Justulin
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased in recent years. Although the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in GDM-increased risk factors to offspring remained poorly understood, some studies suggested an association between an increase in oxidative stress induced by maternal hyperglycemia and complications for both mothers and newborns. Here, we investigated the impact of maternal hyperglycemia followed by maternal insulin replacement during lactation on the expression of antioxidant enzymes and mast cell number in offspring ventral prostate (VP) at puberty...
October 27, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753812/ssa-04-3-leptin-adiponectin-in-cardiometabolic-disease
#17
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745935/-insulin-edema-in-hepatic-glycogenosis
#18
T Mahévas, D Gobert, M Gatfossé, A Mekinian, O Fain
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic glycogenosis is a rare syndrome, which includes poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, hepatomegaly, delayed puberty, and growth delay. Insulin edema is sometimes associated. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old woman presented with diffuse edema, hepatomegaly, amenorrhea, uncontrolled diabetes, and elevated transaminases and cholestasis. Hepatic ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomographic scan confirmed the hepatomegaly. The liver biopsy showed a massive glycogenosis and the diagnosis of hepatic glycogenosis was confirmed...
October 13, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741552/adult-body-size-sexual-history-and-adolescent-sexual-development-may-predict-risk-of-developing-prostate-cancer-results-from-the-new-south-wales-lifestyle-and-evaluation-of-risk-study-clear
#19
Visalini Nair-Shalliker, Sarsha Yap, Carlos Nunez, Sam Egger, Jennifer Rodger, Manish I Patel, Dianne L O'Connell, Freddy Sitas, Bruce K Armstrong, David P Smith
Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common non-cutaneous cancer in men worldwide. The relationships between PC and possible risk factors for PC cases (n = 1,181) and male controls (n = 875) from the New South Wales (NSW) Cancer, Lifestyle and Evaluation of Risk Study (CLEAR) were examined in this study. The associations between PC risk and paternal history of PC, body mass index (BMI), medical conditions, sexual behaviour, balding pattern and puberty, after adjusting for age, income, region of birth, place of residence, and PSA testing, were examined...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721839/effects-of-early-menarche-on-physical-and-psychosocial-health-problems-in-adolescent-girls-and-adult-women
#20
Jae-Ho Yoo
The menarcheal age of Korean women has been rapidly decreasing for the last 50 years, and the average menarcheal age of women born in the 1990s is approaching 12.6 years. In addition, interest in early puberty has been increasing recently owing to the rapid increase in precocious puberty. Generally, out of concern for short stature and early menarche, idiopathic central precocious puberty in female adolescents is treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs. Studies to date have described the association between early menarche and psychosocial problems such as delinquency and risky sexual behavior, as well as physical health problems such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and breast cancer throughout the lifespan of women...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
110737
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"