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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768449/children-with-type-1-diabetes-who-experienced-a-honeymoon-phase-had-significantly-lower-ldl-cholesterol-5-years-after-diagnosis
#1
Benjamin Udoka Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C Alonso, Bruce A Barton
IMPORTANCE: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized. AIM: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669934/divergent-responses-to-kisspeptin-in-children-with-delayed-puberty
#2
Yee-Ming Chan, Margaret F Lippincott, Temitope O Kusa, Stephanie B Seminara
BACKGROUND: The neuropeptide kisspeptin stimulates luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in healthy adults but not in adults with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. We hypothesized that, in children presenting with delayed or stalled puberty, kisspeptin would elicit LH secretion in those children found on detailed nighttime neuroendocrine profiling to have evidence of emerging reproductive endocrine function. METHODS: Eleven boys and four girls were admitted overnight to assess LH secretion at baseline, after a single intravenous bolus of kisspeptin, and after a single intravenous bolus of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)...
April 19, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663652/a-longitudinal-study-of-serum-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-igf-i-levels-over-six-years-in-a-large-cohort-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-marker-reflecting-diabetic-retinopathy
#3
Daniel Öberg, Jenny Salemyr, Eva Örtqvist, Anders Juul, Peter Bang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate longitudinal serum IGF-I in a large cohort of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes in relation to HbA1c, age, diabetes duration, and BMI, its association to height and retinopathy, and in comparison with healthy subject references. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 2,683 serum IGF-I values were obtained from 806 children and adolescents with T1DM, from annual blood samples for up to 6 consecutive years. RESULTS: In a multiple regression analysis IGF-I values were negatively correlated to HbA1c and diabetes duration, and positively correlated to BMI (p<0...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662264/chromosome-6q24-related-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Tohru Yorifuji, Shinji Higuchi, Yuki Hosokawa, Rie Kawakita
Chromosome 6q24-related diabetes mellitus is the most common cause of transient neonatal diabetes (TNDM), accounting for approximately two-thirds of all TNDM cases. Patients with 6q24-TNDM develop insulin-requiring diabetes soon after birth, followed by the gradual improvement and eventual remission of the disorder by 18 mo of age. The most important clinical feature of affected patients is a small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth weight, which reflects the lack of insulin in utero. It is believed that 6q24-TNDM is caused by the overexpression of the paternal allele of the imprinted locus in chromosome 6q24, which contains only two expressed genes, PLAGL1 and HYMAI...
2018: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643834/metabolic-impact-on-the-hypothalamic-kisspeptin-kiss1r-signaling-pathway
#5
REVIEW
Fazal Wahab, Bibi Atika, Farhad Ullah, Muhammad Shahab, Rüdiger Behr
A large body of data has established the hypothalamic kisspeptin (KP) and its receptor, KISS1R, as major players in the activation of the neuroendocrine reproductive axis at the time of puberty and maintenance of reproductive capacity in the adult. Due to its strategic location, this ligand-receptor pair acts as an integrator of cues from gonadal steroids as well as of circadian and seasonal variation-related information on the reproductive axis. Besides these cues, the activity of the hypothalamic KP signaling is very sensitive to the current metabolic status of the body...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617589/change-in-overweight-from-childhood-to-early-adulthood-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes
#6
Lise G Bjerregaard, Britt W Jensen, Lars Ängquist, Merete Osler, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jennifer L Baker
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. We investigated whether remission of overweight before early adulthood reduces this risk. METHODS: We conducted a study involving 62,565 Danish men whose weights and heights had been measured at 7 and 13 years of age and in early adulthood (17 to 26 years of age). Overweight was defined in accordance with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria. Data on type 2 diabetes status (at age ≥30 years, 6710 persons) were obtained from a national health registry...
April 5, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599204/late-effects-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-beta-thalassemia-major-the-french-national-experience
#7
Ilhem Rahal, Claire Galambrun, Yves Bertrand, Nathalie Garnier, Catherine Paillard, Pierre Frange, Corinne Pondarré, Jean Hugues Dalle, Regis Peffault de Latour, Mauricette Michallet, Dominique Steschenko, Despina Moshous, Patrick Lutz, Jean Louis Stephan, Pierre Simon Rohrlich, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, Francoise Bernaudin, Christophe Piguet, Nathalie Aladjidi, Catherine Badens, Claire Berger, Gérard Socié, Cécile Dumesnil, Marie Pierre Castex, Marilyne Poirée, Anne Lambilliotte, Caroline Thomas, Pauline Simon, Pascal Auquier, Gerard Michel, Anderson Loundou, Imane Agouti, Isabelle Thuret
In this retrospective study, we evaluate long-term complications in nearly all β-thalassemia-major patients who successfully received, in France, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. 99 patients were analysed with a median age of 5.9 years at transplantation. The median duration of clinical follow-up was 12 years. All conditioning regimen were myeloablative, most often based on busulfan combined with cyclophosphamide and more than 90% of patients underwent a transplant from a matched sibling donor...
March 29, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577480/methylation-pattern-variation-between-goats-and-rats-during-the-onset-of-puberty
#8
C Yang, J Ye, Y Liu, J Ding, H Liu, X Gao, X Li, Y Zhang, J Zhou, X Zhang, W Huang, F Fang, Y Ling
Puberty is initiated by increased pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release from the hypothalamus. Epigenetic repression is thought to play a crucial role in the initiation of puberty, although the existence of analogous changes in methylation patterns across species is unclear. We analysed mRNA expression of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and methyl-binding proteins (MBPs) in goats and rats by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). DNA methylation profiles of hypothalamic were determined at the pre-pubertal and pubertal stages by bisulphite sequencing...
March 25, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522416/lipedema-friend-and-foe
#9
Yanira Sanchez-De la Torre, Rita Wadeea, Victoria Rosas, Karen L Herbst
Background Lipedema is a chronic disorder presenting in women during puberty or other times of hormonal change such as childbirth or menopause, characterized by symmetric enlargement of nodular, painful subcutaneous adipose tissue (fat) in the limbs, sparing the hands, feet and trunk. Healthcare providers underdiagnose or misdiagnose lipedema as obesity or lymphedema. Materials and methods The benefits (friend) and negative aspects (foe) of lipedema were collected from published literature, discussions with women with lipedema, and institutional review board approved evaluation of medical charts of 46 women with lipedema...
March 9, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455193/growth-trajectory-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-the-impact-of-insulin-treatment-and-metabolic-control
#10
Carla Bizzarri, Tiziana Antonia Timpanaro, Maria Cristina Matteoli, Ippolita Patrizia Patera, Marco Cappa, Stefano Cianfarani
BACKGROUND: Linear growth was reported to be negatively affected by type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), in relation to disease duration and poor metabolic control. It is unclear whether a subtle growth failure still persists despite the optimization of therapy. Our aim was to analyse pubertal growth, adult height, and metabolic profile in a cohort of children with T1DM undergoing intensive insulin treatment by multiple daily injections or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). METHODS: One-hundred and four children (51 males) with prepubertal onset of T1DM were prospectively followed up to final height attainment...
2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450662/preconception-counseling-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-diabetes-a-literature-review-of-the-past-10-years
#11
REVIEW
Frances Peterson-Burch, Hiba Abujaradeh, Nicole Charache, Andrea Fischl, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut)...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450569/pharmacogenomics-in-diabetes-outcomes-of-thiamine-therapy-in-trma-syndrome
#12
Abdelhadi M Habeb, Sarah E Flanagan, Mohamed A Zulali, Mohamed A Abdullah, Renata Pomahačová, Veselin Boyadzhiev, Lesby E Colindres, Guillermo V Godoy, Thiruvengadam Vasanthi, Ramlah Al Saif, Aria Setoodeh, Amirreza Haghighi, Alireza Haghighi, Yomna Shaalan, Andrew T Hattersley, Sian Ellard, Elisa De Franco
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Diabetes is one of the cardinal features of thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anaemia (TRMA) syndrome. Current knowledge of this rare monogenic diabetes subtype is limited. We investigated the genotype, phenotype and response to thiamine (vitamin B1 ) in a cohort of individuals with TRMA-related diabetes. METHODS: We studied 32 individuals with biallelic SLC19A2 mutations identified by Sanger or next generation sequencing. Clinical details were collected through a follow-up questionnaire...
May 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395172/postoperative-diabetes-insipidus-and-hyponatremia-in-children-after-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-adrenocorticotropin-hormone-and-growth-hormone-secreting-adenomas
#13
Carolina Saldarriaga, Charlampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Margaret Keil, Prashant Chittiboina, Ninet Sinaii, Constantine A Stratakis, Maya Lodish
OBJECTIVES: To define the incidence and risk factors of postoperative sodium alterations in pediatric patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) for adrenocorticotropic hormone and growth hormone secreting pituitary adenomas. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed 160 patients ≤18 years of age who had TSS for pituitary adenomas at our institution from 1999 to 2017. Variables included daily serum sodium through postoperative day 10, urine specific gravity, and medications administered...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374278/birth-weight-and-body-mass-index-z-score-in-childhood-brain-tumors-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Kuan-Wen Wang, Russell J de Souza, Adam Fleming, Donna L Johnston, Shayna M Zelcer, Shahrad Rod Rassekh, Sarah Burrow, Lehana Thabane, M Constantine Samaan
Children with brain tumors (CBT) are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes compared to the general population, in which birth weight is a risk factor for these diseases. However, this is not known in CBT. The primary aim of this study was to explore the association between birth weight and body mass measures in CBT, compared to non-cancer controls. This is a secondary data analysis using cross-sectional data from the CanDECIDE study (n = 78 CBT and n = 133 non-cancer controls)...
January 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238730/interaction-of-pubertal-development-and-metabolic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
M Plamper, B Gohlke, J Woelfle, K Konrad, T Rohrer, S Hofer, W Bonfig, K Fink, R W Holl
Background: In T1DM, delayed pubertal development and reduced final height are associated with inadequate metabolic control. Objective: To assess whether T1DM affects pubertal growth spurt and whether metabolic control during puberty is gender-related. Methods: Using a large multicentre database, longitudinal data from 1294 patients were analysed. Inclusion criteria: complete records of height and HbA1c from the age of seven to 16 years. Exclusion criteria: other significant chronic diseases and medications, T1DM duration less than three months, and initial BMI < 3rd or >97th percentile...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237763/bisphenol-a-phthalate-metabolites-and-glucose-homeostasis-in-healthy-normal-weight-children
#16
Amalie Carlsson, Kaspar Sørensen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Hanne Frederiksen, Anders Juul
INTRODUCTION: Bisphenol A and several of the most commonly used phthalates have been associated with adverse metabolic health effects such as obesity and diabetes. Therefore, we analyzed these man-made chemicals in first morning urine samples from 107 healthy normal-weight Danish children and adolescents. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study. Participants were recruited as part of the Copenhagen Puberty Study. The subjects were evaluated by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan, direct oxygen uptake measurement during cycle ergometry and fasting blood samples...
January 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218646/cardiovascular-and-metabolic-complications-diagnosis-and-management-in-obese-children
#17
REVIEW
Naval K Vikram
The world at present is facing a burden of rising prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents. The developing countries are particularly facing the dual burden on under-nutrition and obesity. This is associated with appearance and clustering of cardiometabolic abnormalities at an early age with development of chronic complications early and possible decrease in life span of these children and adolescents. In adults this clustering has been termed as 'metabolic syndrome' with definitions that can be used universally...
December 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207397/relationship-of-serum-fetuin-a-with-metabolic-and-clinical-parameters-in-german-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Christina Reinauer, Thomas Reinehr, Christina Baechle, Beate Karges, Julia Seyfarth, Katharina Foertsch, Martin Schebek, Joachim Woelfle, Michael Roden, Reinhard W Holl, Joachim Rosenbauer, Thomas Meissner
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The hepatokine fetuin A is upregulated in the metabolic syndrome and in type 2 diabetes (T2D), while its role in adolescent type 1 diabetes (T1D) is unclear. We assessed the relationship between circulating fetuin A levels and metabolic control, comorbidities, and complications in adolescent T1D patients. METHODS: We studied the relationship between serum fetuin A and clinical diabetes-related data from the DPV registry (Diabetes-Pa-tienten-Verlaufsdokumentation) in 172 adolescent T1D patients with early-onset (<5 years) long-standing (>10 years) T1D...
2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193487/impaired-fasting-glucose-and-the-metabolic-profile-in-danish-children-and-adolescents-with-normal-weight-overweight-or-obesity
#19
Julie T Kloppenborg, Cilius E Fonvig, Tenna R H Nielsen, Pernille M Mollerup, Christine Bøjsøe, Oluf Pedersen, Jesper Johannesen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm
OBJECTIVE: Whether the definitions of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) from the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) differentially impact estimates of the metabolic profile and IFG-related comorbidities in Danish children and adolescents is unknown. METHODS: Two thousand one hundred and fifty four (979 boys) children and adolescents with overweight or obesity (median age 12 years) and 1824 (728 boys) children with normal weight (median age 12 years) from The Danish Childhood Obesity Biobank were studied...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139080/a-review-of-insulin-resistance-in-type-1-diabetes-is-there-a-place-for-adjunctive-metformin
#20
REVIEW
Gagan Priya, Sanjay Kalra
There is a rising trend of overweight and obesity among individuals with type 1 diabetes. This is often associated with insulin resistance, increased insulin dose requirements and poor glycemic control. Insulin resistance is also seen during puberty and is strongly related to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The role of metformin as an adjunct to ongoing intensive insulin therapy in type 1 diabetics has been evaluated in several randomized trials, including the recently concluded T1D Exchange Network trial in adolescents and the REMOVAL trial in adults...
February 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
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