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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445928/regulation-of-angiogenic-behaviors-by-oxytocin-receptor-through-gli1-indcued-transcription-of-hif-1%C3%AE-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#1
Ji Zhu, Huiyan Wang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Yin Xie
Angiogenesis is a dynamic hypoxia-stimulated process playing a key role in tissue growth and repair under various pathophysiological circumstances. Abnormal angiogenesis contributes to the pathogenesis of many human diseases. Oxytocin receptor is a classical G-protein-coupled receptor expressed on endothelial cells. The present study was aimed to investigate how oxytocin receptor regulated the angiogenic behaviors of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that oxytocin at 0.1μM significantly increased cell proliferation, upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of CD31 and vWF (two important endothelial markers), and enhanced the tuber formation capacity in HUVECs...
April 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445851/development-and-validation-of-a-uhplc-esi-ms-ms-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-mammal-lysophosphatidylcholines-and-lysophosphatidylethanolamines-in-serum
#2
Susana Suárez-García, Lluís Arola, Aïda Pascual-Serrano, Anna Arola-Arnal, Gerard Aragonès, Cinta Bladé, Manuel Suárez
Recent investigations based on non-targeted metabolomics have proposed lysophospholipids (Lyso-PLs) as biomarkers of different diseases. In particular, lysophosphatidylcholines (Lyso-PCs) and lysophosphatidylethanolamines (Lyso-PEs) have been associated with serious lipid pathologies. Methods to determine the different molecular species in a biological sample and to quantify even less abundant species are required for the evaluation of the Lyso-PL pattern as a novel comprehensive biomarker of dyslipidemia. This study describes the development and validation of an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry assay for the determination of a large number of Lyso-PCs and Lyso-PEs in biological samples...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445810/circulating-cadmium-concentration-and-risk-of-aortic-aneurysms-a-nested-case-control-study-within-the-malm%C3%A3-diet-and-cancer-cohort
#3
Björn Fagerberg, Yan Borné, Gerd Sallsten, J Gustav Smith, Stefan Acosta, Margaretha Persson, Olle Melander, Niklas Forsgard, Anders Gottsäter, Bo Hedblad, Lars Barregard, Gunnar Engström
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diet and smoking expose the general population to cadmium (Cd), which is a toxic metal that accumulates in the arterial wall. In experimental studies, Cd causes reductions in proliferation of smooth muscle cells and cellular synthesis of procollagen. The aim of this study was to examine whether blood Cd levels, a valid measure of Cd exposure, are associated with increased risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: All middle-aged men and women enrolled in the Malmö Diet and Cancer study (n = 30 447) were followed from the baseline examination in 1991-1996 through 2009...
April 8, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445781/mitochondrial-ros-control-of-cancer
#4
REVIEW
María Del Pilar Sosa Idelchik, Ulrike Begley, Thomas J Begley, J Andrés Melendez
Mitochondria serve a primary role in energy maintenance but also function to govern levels of mitochondria-derived reactive oxygen species (mROS). ROS have long been established to play a critical role in tumorigenesis and are now considered to be integral to the regulation of diverse signaling networks that drive proliferation, tumor cell survival and malignant progression. mROS can damage DNA, activate oncogenes, block the function of tumor suppressors and drive migratory signaling. The mitochondrion's oxidant scavenging systems including SOD2, Grx2, GPrx, Trx and TrxR are key of the cellular redox tone...
April 23, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445761/live-cell-super-resolution-reveals-f-actin-and-plasma-membrane-dynamics-at-the-t-cell-synapse
#5
George W Ashdown, Garth L Burn, David J Williamson, Elvis Pandžić, Ruby Peters, Michael Holden, Helge Ewers, Lin Shao, Paul W Wiseman, Dylan M Owen
The cortical actin cytoskeleton has been shown to be critical for the reorganization and heterogeneity of plasma membrane components of many cells, including T cells. Building on previous studies at the T cell immunological synapse, we quantitatively assess the structure and dynamics of this meshwork using live-cell superresolution fluorescence microscopy and spatio-temporal image correlation spectroscopy. We show for the first time, to our knowledge, that not only does the dense actin cortex flow in a retrograde fashion toward the synapse center, but the plasma membrane itself shows similar behavior...
April 25, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445759/pulsatile-lipid-vesicles-under-osmotic-stress
#6
Morgan Chabanon, James C S Ho, Bo Liedberg, Atul N Parikh, Padmini Rangamani
The response of lipid bilayers to osmotic stress is an important part of cellular function. Recent experimental studies showed that when cell-sized giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) are exposed to hypotonic media, they respond to the osmotic assault by undergoing a cyclical sequence of swelling and bursting events, coupled to the membrane's compositional degrees of freedom. Here, we establish a fundamental and quantitative understanding of the essential pulsatile behavior of GUVs under hypotonic conditions by advancing a comprehensive theoretical model of vesicle dynamics...
April 25, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445637/control-of-charge-carriers-trapping-and-relaxation-in-hematite-by-oxygen-vacancy-charge-ab-initio-non-adiabatic-molecular-dynamics
#7
Zhaohui Zhou, Jin Liu, Run Long, Linqiu Li, Liejin Guo, Oleg V Prezhdo
Ultrafast charge recombination in hematite (α-Fe2O3) severely limits its applications in solar energy conversion and utilization, for instance, in photo-electrochemical water splitting. We report the first time-domain ab initio study of charge relaxation dynamics in α-Fe2O3 with and without the oxygen vacancy (Ov) defect, using non-adiabatic molecular dynamics implemented within time-dependent density functional theory. The simulations show that the hole trapping is the rate-limiting step in the electron-hole recombination process for both neutral and ionized Ov systems...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445630/murai-reaction-on-furfural-derivatives-enabled-by-removable-n-n-bidentate-directing-groups
#8
Giovanni Poli, Julie Oble, Luis Veiros, Cristofer Pezzetta
Furfural and related compounds are industrially relevant building-blocks obtained from lignocellulosic biomass. To enhance the added value of these renewable resources, a Ru-catalyzed hydrofurylation of alkenes, involving a directed C-H activation at C3 of the furan ring, was developed. A thorough experimental study revealed that a bidentate amino-imine directing group enables the desired coupling. Removal of the directing group takes place during the purification step, directly releasing the C3-functionalized furfurals...
April 26, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445613/neuronal-distribution-of-tyramine-and-the-tyramine-receptor-amtar1-in-the-honeybee-brain
#9
Markus Thamm, Christina Scholl, Tina Reim, Kornelia Grübel, Karin Möller, Wolfgang Rössler, Ricarda Scheiner
Tyramine is an important neurotransmitter, neuromodulator, and neurohormone in insects. In honeybees, it is assumed to have functions in modulating sensory responsiveness and controlling motor behavior. Tyramine can bind to two characterized receptors in honeybees, both of which are coupled to intracellular cAMP pathways. How tyramine acts on neuronal, cellular and circuit levels is unclear. We investigated the spatial brain expression of the tyramine receptor AmTAR1 using a specific antibody. This antibody detects a membrane protein of the expected molecular weight in Western blot analysis...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445477/mitochondrial-respiration-in-highly-aerobic-canines-in-the-non-raced-state-and-after-a-1600-km-sled-dog-race
#10
Benjamin Miller, Karyn Hamilton, Robert Boushel, Katherine Williamson, Verena Laner, Erich Gnaiger, Michael Davis
At the annual Iditarod Race, Alaskan Huskies repeatedly run for up to 8 hours at 16 km/h to complete 1600 km. We previously demonstrated high rates of mitochondrial protein synthesis in Alaskan Huskies, which we suspected allowed rapid remodeling of mitochondrial proteins in response to energetic stress. The purpose of this study was to examine mitochondrial respiration in permeabilized skeletal muscle fibers of Alaskan Huskies in the offseason (Non-raced) and following the 1600 km Iditarod Sled Dog Race (Raced)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445455/structural-insight-into-allosteric-modulation-of-protease-activated-receptor-2
#11
Robert K Y Cheng, Cédric Fiez-Vandal, Oliver Schlenker, Karl Edman, Birte Aggeler, Dean G Brown, Giles A Brown, Robert M Cooke, Christoph E Dumelin, Andrew S Doré, Stefan Geschwindner, Christoph Grebner, Nils-Olov Hermansson, Ali Jazayeri, Patrik Johansson, Louis Leong, Rudi Prihandoko, Mathieu Rappas, Holly Soutter, Arjan Snijder, Linda Sundström, Benjamin Tehan, Peter Thornton, Dawn Troast, Giselle Wiggin, Andrei Zhukov, Fiona H Marshall, Niek Dekker
Protease-activated receptors (PARs) are a family of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that are irreversibly activated by proteolytic cleavage of the N terminus, which unmasks a tethered peptide ligand that binds and activates the transmembrane receptor domain, eliciting a cellular cascade in response to inflammatory signals and other stimuli. PARs are implicated in a wide range of diseases, such as cancer and inflammation. PARs have been the subject of major pharmaceutical research efforts but the discovery of small-molecule antagonists that effectively bind them has proved challenging...
April 26, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445410/c-c-coupling-reactions-between-benzofurazan-derivatives-and-1-3-diaminobenzenes
#12
Gabriele Micheletti, Silvia Bordoni, Elena Chugunova, Carla Boga
Aromatic substitution reactions between 1,3-diaminobenzene and chloronitrobenzofurazan derivatives have never been reported so far. The aim of the current study was to synthesize novel electron-donor and -acceptor architectures of interest in applied fields and to provide new insights on the nucleophilic behavior of 1,3-diaminobenzenes. The reaction of 1,3-dipiperidinyl-, 1,3-dimorpholinyl-, 1,3-dipyrrolidinyl-, or 1,3-dimethylamino-benzene with 7-chloro-4,6-dinitrobenzofuroxan or with a series of chloro-nitrobenzofurazans has been carried out in mild conditions...
April 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445407/application-of-uhplc-esi-q-tof-ms-to-identify-multiple-constituents-in-processed-products-of-the-herbal-medicine-ligustri-lucidi-fructus
#13
Hui Li, Weifeng Yao, Qinan Liu, Jia Xu, Beihua Bao, Mingqiu Shan, Yudan Cao, Fangfang Cheng, Anwei Ding, Li Zhang
Ligustri Lucidi Fructus (LLF), the fruit of Ligustrum lucidum Ait. (Oleaceae), has been used as a common herbal medicine in clinical practice in China for nearly 2000 years. In most cases, LLF is prescribed in decoctions in the form of processed products rather than crude drugs. In this study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS) method was established for rapid separation and identification of multiple constituents in the 80% methanol extract of processed-LLF...
April 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445143/the-igh-locus-relocalizes-to-a-recombination-compartment-in-the-perinucleolar-region-of-differentiating-b-lymphocytes
#14
Andrey Pichugin, Olga V Iarovaia, Alexey Gavrilov, Ilya Sklyar, Natalja Barinova, Aleksandr Barinov, Evgeny Ivashkin, Gersende Caron, Said Aoufouchi, Sergey V Razin, Thierry Fest, Marc Lipinski, Yegor S Vassetzky
The immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) gene loci are subject to specific recombination events during B-cell differentiation including somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination which mark the end of immunoglobulin gene maturation in germinal centers of secondary lymph nodes. These two events rely on the activity of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) which requires DNA double strand breaks be created, a potential danger to the cell. Applying 3D-fluorescence in situ hybridization coupled with immunofluorescence staining to a previously described experimental system recapitulating normal B-cell differentiation ex vivo, we have kinetically analyzed the radial positioning of the two IGH gene loci as well as their proximity with the nucleolus, heterochromatin and γH2AX foci...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445067/photoelectrochemical-degradation-of-organic-compounds-coupled-with-molecular-hydrogen-generation-using-electrochromic-tio2-nanotube-arrays
#15
Min Seok Koo, Kangwoo Cho, Jeyong Yoon, Wonyong Choi
Vertically aligned TiO2 nanotube arrays (TNTs) were prepared by electrochemical anodization, and then cathodically polarized with dark blue coloration for the dual-functional photoelectrochemical water treatment of organic substrates degradation and accompanying H2 generation. The resulting Blue-TNTs (inner diameter: ~40 nm; length: ~9 μm) showed negligible shift in X-ray diffraction pattern compared with the intact TNTs, but the X-ray photoelectron spectra indicated a partial reduction of Ti(4+) to Ti(3+) on the surface...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445065/neomacrophorin-x-a-4-4-3-propellane-type-meroterpenoid-from-trichoderma-sp-1212-03
#16
Kazuaki Kusakabe, Yuna Honmura, Shota Uesugi, Akio Tonouchi, Hayato Maeda, Ken-Ichi Kimura, Hiroyuki Koshino, Masaru Hashimoto
Neomacrophorin X (1) was isolated from Trichoderma sp. 1212-03. Heteronuclear multiple bond correlation (HMBC) spectral analysis indicated a unique [4.4.3]propellane framework, which was verified by the (1)H and (13)C chemical shift calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) and subsequent comparison with experimental data obtained in CDCl3. The DFT-based electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations were effective in not only determining the absolute configuration but also confirming the relative structure...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445061/synergistic-visible-light-photoredox-nickel-catalyzed-synthesis-of-aliphatic-ketones-via-n-c-cleavage-of-imides
#17
Javad Amani, Rauful Alam, Shorouk Badir, Gary A Molander
An electrophilic, imide-based, visible-light-promoted photoredox/Ni-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction for the synthesis of aliphatic ketones has been developed. This protocol proceeds through N-C(O) bond activation, made possible through the lower activation energy for metal insertion into this bond due to delocalization of the lone pair of electrons on the nitrogen by electron-withdrawing groups. The operationally simple and mild cross-coupling reaction is performed at ambient temperature and exhibits tolerance for a variety of functional groups...
April 26, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445059/iron-catalyzed-dehydrogenative-sp-3-sp-2-coupling-via-direct-oxidative-c-h-activation-of-acetonitrile
#18
Huimin Su, Luyao Wang, Honghua Rao, Hao Xu
An iron-catalyzed dehydrogenative sp(3)-sp(2) coupling of acetonitrile and 2-arylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine has been realized, which can serve as a novel approach toward heteroarylacetonitriles. The merit of this strategy is illustrated by the breadth of functional groups tolerated in the transformation and the fast access to pharmaceuticals (such as zolpidem) directly from the heteroarylacetonitriles.
April 26, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445057/experimental-and-numerical-study-of-the-evaporation-of-water-at-low-pressures
#19
Mohammad Amin Kazemi, David S Nobes, Janet A W Elliott
Although evaporation is considered to be a surface phenomenon, the rate of molecular transport across a liquid-vapor boundary is strongly dependent on the coupled fluid dynamics and heat transfer in the bulk fluids. Recent experimental thermocouple measurements of the temperature field near the interface of evaporating water into its vapor have begun to show the role of heat transfer in evaporation. However, the role of fluid dynamics has not been explored sufficiently. Here, we have developed a mathematical model to describe the coupling of the heat, mass, and momentum transfer in the fluids with the transport phenomena at the interface...
April 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445045/intermediates-and-reactivity-in-iron-catalyzed-cross-couplings-of-alkynyl-grignards-with-alkyl-halides
#20
Jared L Kneebone, William W Brennessel, Michael L Neidig
Iron-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions using alkynyl nucleophiles represent an attractive approach for the incorporation of alkynyl moieties into organic molecules. In the present study, a multi-technique approach combining inorganic spectroscopic methods, inorganic synthesis, and reaction studies is applied to iron-SciOPP catalyzed alkynyl-alkyl cross-couplings, providing the first detailed insight into the effects of variation from sp(2) to sp nucleophiles on iron speciation and reactivity. Reaction studies demonstrate that reaction of FeBr2(SciOPP) with 1 equiv (triisopropylsilyl)ethynylmagnesium bromide (TIPS-CC-MgBr) leads to a distribution of mono-, bis-, and tris-alkynylated iron(II)-SciOPP species due to rapid alkynyl ligand redistribution...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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