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Mini Mental State

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738314/factors-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-a-cohort-of-older-homeless-adults-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#1
Emily Hurstak, Julene K Johnson, Lina Tieu, David Guzman, Claudia Ponath, Christopher T Lee, Christina Weyer Jamora, Margot Kushel
BACKGROUND: We evaluated cognitive function and factors associated with cognitive impairment in a cohort of older homeless adults. We hypothesized that substance use and a history of traumatic brain injury would be associated with cognitive impairment. METHODS: We recruited 350 homeless individuals aged ≥50 years using population-based sampling and conducted structured interviews and neuropsychological testing. We evaluated alcohol use with the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, defining high-severity alcohol use as a total score ≥16 or ≥4 on the alcohol dependency sub-scale...
July 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736103/what-impact-do-chaplains-have-a-pilot-study-of-spiritual-aim-for-advanced-cancer-patients-in-outpatient-palliative-care
#2
Allison Kestenbaum, Michele Shields, Jennifer James, Will Hocker, Stefana Morgan, Shweta Karve, Michael W Rabow, Laura B Dunn
CONTEXT: Spiritual care is integral to quality palliative care. Although chaplains are uniquely trained to provide spiritual care, studies evaluating chaplains' work in palliative care are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The goals of this pre-post study, conducted among patients with advanced cancer receiving outpatient palliative care, were to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of chaplain-delivered spiritual care, utilizing the Spiritual Assessment and Intervention Model ("Spiritual AIM"); and to gather pilot data on Spiritual AIM's effects on spiritual well-being, religious and cancer-specific coping, and physical and psychological symptoms...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736089/long-term-cognitive-impairment-and-delirium-in-intensive-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Marion L Mitchell, David H K Shum, Gabor Mihala, Jenny E Murfield, Leanne M Aitken
BACKGROUND: Whilst there is a growing body of research exploring the effect of delirium in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, the relationship between patient delirium and long-term cognitive impairment has not been investigated in settings where low rates of delirium have been reported. OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between the incidence of delirium, duration of mechanical ventilation and long term cognitive impairment in general ICU patients. METHODS: Prospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary level ICU in Queensland, Australia...
July 20, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734235/characterization-of-cognitive-performance-and-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-htlv-1
#4
Liliana Raulino Goncalves, Leopoldo Nelson Fernandes Barbosa, Paula Machado Ribeiro Magalhaes, Pedro Augusto Sampaio Rocha-Filho
OBJECTIVE: To characterize cognitive alterations among patients with HTLV-1, ascertain what is associated with these alterations and evaluate these patients' quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Patients infected by HTLV-1 who were seen at the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital from March 2014 to June 2015 were included in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire and the Mini-Mental State Examination, Color Trails Test, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF36) were used...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734121/the-impact-of-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-on-cognitive-decline
#5
R Villeneuve, C Blanchard, L Rullier, N Raoux, V Bergua, J-F Dartigues, K Pérès, H Amieva
OBJECTIVES: Based on seemingly contradictory results in the existing literature, the objective of our study was to investigate whether older individuals suffering from chronic psychiatric disorders show a more rapid decline in cognitive performances than their non-psychiatric counterparts, or if the pattern of decline through older age is similar in both groups. METHOD: A total of 820 older adults were selected from the Ageing Multidisciplinary Investigation (AMI) cohort study, which studies health-related issues of people over 65 years old living in rural areas...
July 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732484/characteristic-differences-in-the-mini-mental-state-examination-used-in-asian-countries
#6
Yong S Shim, Dong Won Yang, Hee-Jin Kim, Young Ho Park, SangYun Kim
BACKGROUND: The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) was adapted by individual countries according to their languages and cultures, though it has not been systematically compared. The objective of this study was to compare the linguistic and cultural variations of the MMSE used in various Asian countries. With this, we can analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the MMSE and consider using a common version in future international clinical studies in Asia. METHODS: We collected the MMSEs used in 11 Asian nations...
July 21, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731452/temporal-order-of-alzheimer-s-disease-related-cognitive-marker-changes-in-blsa-and-wrap-longitudinal-studies
#7
Murat Bilgel, Rebecca L Koscik, Yang An, Jerry L Prince, Susan M Resnick, Sterling C Johnson, Bruno M Jedynak
Investigation of the temporal trajectories of currently used neuropsychological tests is critical to identifying earliest changing measures on the path to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). We used the Progression Score (PS) method to characterize the temporal trajectories of measures of verbal memory, executive function, attention, processing speed, language, and mental status using data spanning normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment, and AD from 1,661 participants with a total of 7,839 visits (age at last visit 77...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729834/white-matter-hyperintensity-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-is-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-functional-disability-and-a-high-glycoalbumin-glycohemoglobin-ratio
#8
Yoshiaki Tamura, Yoshiyuki Kimbara, Takuya Yamaoka, Ken Sato, Yuki Tsuboi, Remi Kodera, Yuko Chiba, Seijiro Mori, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Aya M Tokumaru, Hideki Ito, Takashi Sakurai, Atsushi Araki
Aims: Although evidence has accumulated that white matter hyperintensity (WMH) is associated with the deterioration of cognitive function and impairment of activities of daily living (ADL), the clinical relevance of WMH in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is not still clear. The aim of this study was to examine whether WMH volume is associated with ADL and cognitive function and whether glucose control and glucose variability can affect WMH volume in these patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated the associations of WMH with cognitive function and instrumental ADL (IADL), as well as metabolic and vascular risk factors in a total of 178 elderly patients with diabetes...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728082/oral-infections-comorbidities-and-sensory-evidences-in-elderly-cross-sectional-study
#9
Nathalia Santos Viana Silva, Luciana Alvarenga da Silva, Omar Jaluul, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli de Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Oral infections affect the general health and overlap with chronic diseases due to infectious-immune mechanisms. On the other side, sensory abnormalities may be symptoms of this association. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of oral infections, comorbidities, health parameters and sensory abnormalities in elderly patients. METHODS: Thirty (30) elderly with mean age 70.4 yo, distributed according to ages were evaluated with a protocol that included demographics, comorbidities, medications, laboratory tests, blood pressure, heart rate, mini-mental state examination, clinical oral evaluation and systematized sensory testing (gustative, olfactory, thermal, mechanical and pain thresholds)...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726038/subjective-cognitive-decline-and-fall-risk-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-or-without-objective-cognitive-decline
#10
Hidehiko Shirooka, Shu Nishiguchi, Naoto Fukutani, Yuto Tashiro, Yuma Nozaki, Tomoki Aoyama
BACKGROUND: The association between subjective cognitive decline and falls has not been clearly determined. AIMS: Our aim was to explore the effect of subjective cognitive decline on falls in community-dwelling older adults with or without objective cognitive decline. METHODS: We included 470 older adults (mean age 73.6 ± 5.2; 329 women) living in the community and obtained data on fall history directly from the participants. Subjective cognitive decline was assessed using a self-administered question...
July 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726034/mentally-stimulating-activities-associate-with-better-cognitive-performance-in-parkinson-disease
#11
Jeffrey L B Bohnen, Martijn L T M Müller, Jacob Haugen, Nicolaas I Bohnen
Subjects at risk of dementia benefit from participation in mentally stimulating activities, but no prior studies have investigated similar associations in Parkinson disease (PD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between times spent engaging in mentally stimulating activities and cognitive functions in PD while accounting for the degree of primary neurodegenerations. PD patients (N = 41, 33 males; age 68.5 ± 7.2; Hoehn and Yahr stage 2.6 ± 0.6) completed the Community Health Activities Model Program for Seniors questionnaire, mini-mental state examination (MMSE), and [(11)C]dihydrotetrabenazine dopaminergic and [(11)C]piperidinyl propionate acetylcholinesterase PET imaging...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725669/data-concerning-the-impact-of-mental-fatigue-on-vigor-as-measured-with-the-brunel-mood-scale-brums-in-both-physically-active-and-trained-subjects-a-mini-meta-analysis
#12
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
The aim of the present mini meta-analysis was to compute the overall effect of mental fatigue induced by two cognitive tasks (namely, AX-continuous performance test or AX-CPT and incongruent Stroop test) on mood state, particularly on vigor, assessed using the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS), in both physically active and trained subjects. Search strategy was taken from a systematic review recently carried out by Van Cutsem and collaborators [1], as well as the quality assessment of the included studies. Mental fatigue was not found to impact on vigor score (n=62, effect size=0...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721430/two-way-bridge-between-muscular-dysfunction-and-cognitive-impairment-secondary-analyses-of-sabe-bogota-study
#13
E Garcia-Cifuentes, D G David-Pardo, M G Borda, M U Perez-Zepeda, C A Cano-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Muscular dysfunction and cognitive impairment are both disabling states, affecting especially the elderly. Thus, are important subjects of research. Our goal is to describe the association between these two entities in the elderly. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis from the SABE 2012 Bogota survey, which is a cross-sectional study. We define muscular dysfunction as an abnormal result in gait speed and/or handgrip strength tasks. Cognitive impairment was defined as an abnormal result in Mini Mental State Examination...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720158/costs-and-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-spain-results-from-the-geras-ii-observational-study
#14
Javier Olazarán, Luis Agüera-Ortiz, Josep María Argimón, Catherine Reed, Antonio Ciudad, Paula Andrade, Tatiana Dilla
BACKGROUND: Country-specific data on resource use and costs associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) help inform governments about the increasing need for medical and financial support as the disease increases in prevalence. METHODS: GERAS II, a prospective observational study, assessed resource use, costs, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with AD and their caregivers in Spain. Community-dwelling patients aged ≥55 years with probable AD, and their primary caregivers, were recruited by study investigators during routine clinical practice and assessed as having mild, moderate, or moderately severe/severe (MS/S) AD dementia based on patient Mini-Mental State Examination scores...
July 19, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718754/rhythmic-interlimb-coordination-impairments-are-associated-with-mobility-limitations-among-older-adults
#15
Eric G James, Suzanne G Leveille, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Thomas Travison, Sarah Cote, Philip Conatser, Murat Karabulut, Andrea C Mendes, David N Kennedy, Katherine L Tucker, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Jonathan F Bean
Background/Study Context: Mobility limitations affect more than 25% of adults aged 70 years or older. This study tested the hypothesis that impairments in ankle and shoulder coordination are associated with mobility limitations among older adults. METHODS: his study consisted of conducted a cross-sectional analysis from a sample of community-dwelling older adults (N = 130) aged ≥67 years. Motion capture equipment was used to collect kinematic data during rhythmic antiphase coordination of the right and left: (a) ankles moving in dorsi-plantarflexion; and (b) glenohumeral ("shoulder") moving in flexion-extension while paced by an auditory metronome...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716250/white-matter-lesions-and-cognitive-impairment-may-be-related-to-recovery-from-unilateral-spatial-neglect-after-stroke
#16
Chisako Köder Kamakura, Yuji Ueno, Yuzuru Sakai, Hisao Yoshida, Saiko Aiba, Akito Hayashi, Hideki Shimura, Katsuhiko Takeda, Keiko Kamakura, Nobutaka Hattori, Takao Urabe
BACKGROUND: Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is frequently found in ischemic stroke patients. Because USN is related to poor functional outcomes, evaluating recovery from USN after stroke is critical. METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke with lesions in the right cerebral hemisphere on MRI and exhibiting left USN were administered the Behavior Inattention Test (BIT) at 1 and 3weeks after admission. BIT improvement was defined as a ≥1-point increase in ≥4 of the 6 BIT subtests from 1 to 3weeks, or a total BIT score ≥131 at 3weeks...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716246/cognitive-impairment-predicts-worse-short-term-response-to-spinal-tap-test-in-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#17
Thomas Wolfsegger, Raffi Topakian
INTRODUCTION: In patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), the spinal tap test (STT) is commonly used to predict ventriculoperitoneal shunt responsiveness. Clinical improvement following STT usually is measured by testing gait function. In our study, we investigated the impact of cognitive impairment on gait improvement after STT. METHODS: 22 patients with the clinical and radiological diagnosis of iNPH underwent gait analyses (mobile measuring system Medilogic) before and 2-4h after STT in self-paced gait velocity over 7m...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716237/long-term-follow-up-on-quality-of-life-and-its-relationship-to-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-parkinson-s-disease-after-deep-brain-stimulation
#18
Tatsuya Yamamoto, Tomoyuki Uchiyama, Yoshinori Higuchi, Masato Asahina, Shigeki Hirano, Yoshitaka Yamanaka, Liu Weibing, Satoshi Kuwabara
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to examine temporal changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its relationship with motor and cognitive functions in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) after subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS). METHODS: In total, 31 patients with PD were enrolled in this study (mean age: 66.7±0.9years; mean disease duration: 11.6±3.7years). Participants completed the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale and the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713585/associations-of-centrally-acting-ace-inhibitors-with-cognitive-decline-and-survival-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Karim Fazal, Gayan Perera, Mizanur Khondoker, Robert Howard, Robert Stewart
BACKGROUND: Cognitive improvement has been reported in patients receiving centrally acting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (C-ACEIs). AIMS: To compare cognitive decline and survival after diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease between people receiving C-ACEIs, non-centrally acting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (NC-ACEIs), and neither. METHOD: Routine Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores were extracted in 5260 patients receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and analysed against C-/NC-ACEI exposure at the time of Alzheimer's disease diagnosis...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712841/long-term-impact-of-subthalamic-stimulation-on-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#20
M Acera, A Molano, B Tijero, G Bilbao, I Lambarri, R Villoria, J Somme, E Ruiz de Gopegui, I Gabilondo, J C Gomez-Esteban
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (DBS-SN) on cognitive function in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) 5 years after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study including 50 patients with PD who underwent DBS-SN (62.5% were men; mean age of 62.2±8.2 years; mean progression time of 14.1±6.3 years). All patients were assessed before the procedure and at one year after surgery; 40 patients were further followed up until the 5-year mark...
July 13, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
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