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Mini Mental State

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771439/remifentanil-on-t-lymphocytes-cognitive-function-and-inflammatory-cytokines-of-patients-undergoing-radical-surgery-for-cervical-cancer
#1
X-Y Lu, M Chen, D-H Chen, Y Li, P-T Liu, Y Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of remifentanil on cognitive function, T lymphocyte subsets and inflammatory cytokines of patients undergoing radical surgery for cervical cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 70 patients undergoing radical surgery for cervical cancer in our hospital from August 2014 to January 2017 were selected. They were divided into control group (n=35) and experimental group (n=35). The patients in the control group received intravenous drip of fentanyl, while those in the experimental group received intravenous drip of remifentanil in the surgery...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770543/impairment-in-toileting-behavior-after-a-stroke
#2
Eri Kawanabe, Makoto Suzuki, Satoshi Tanaka, Shotaro Sasaki, Toyohiro Hamaguchi
AIM: Dependence for toileting is the most problematic aspect for patients after a stroke. However, the relative difficulty of each component of toileting and the predictors for independent performance of these activities are unknown. We investigated these issues in stroke patients using Boltzmann sigmoid and generalized linear modeling. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional correlation study, including 107 adult inpatients, hospitalized for a stroke. We assessed the activity components of toileting, as well as evaluated physical impairment using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment, impairments in balance using the Berg Balance Scale, cognitive impairments using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the presence or absence of unilateral spatial neglect or aphasia...
May 17, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768349/comparison-of-multiple-interventions-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#3
Jing-Hong Liang, Yong Xu, Lu Lin, Rui-Xia Jia, Hong-Bo Zhang, Lei Hang
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of Alzheimer disease (AD) emphasizes the need for effective treatments. Both pharmacological therapies such as nutrition therapy (NT) and nonpharmacologic therapies including traditional treatment or personalized treatment (e.g., physical exercise, music therapy, computerized cognitive training) have been approved for the treatment of AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in numerous areas. METHODS: The aim of this study was to compare 4 types of interventions, physical exercise (PE), music therapy (MT), computerized cognitive training (CCT), and NT, in older adults with mild to moderate AD or MCI and identify the most effective intervention for their cognitive function...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764877/efficacy-of-practising-tai-chi-for-older-people-with-mild-dementia-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-study
#4
Jihui Lyu, Wenjie Li, Xiangjiang Rong, Lian Wei, Nayan Huang, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Xueli Chen, Mo Li, Fangling Li
INTRODUCTION: Many studies suggest that Tai Chi exercise is a safe and appropriate mind-body exercise for older people and effectively slows down age-related cognitive decline. A set of bespoke Tai Chi exercise named 'Cognition Protecting Tai Chi' (CPT) has been created for older people with cognitive impairments by the research team of geriatricians, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, experts of sports medicine and experienced practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. This trial is designed to evaluate its effects on cognitive function, behaviour/moods, risk of falls and activities of daily living of the participants with mild dementia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763451/episodic-memory-and-delayed-recall-are-significantly-more-impaired-in-younger-patients-with-deficit-schizophrenia-than-in-elderly-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#5
Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai, Thitiporn Supasitthumrong, Sira Sriswasdi, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: Both amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and schizophrenia, in particular deficit schizophrenia, are accompanied by cognitive impairments. The aim of the present study was to examine the cognitive differences between aMCI and (non)deficit schizophrenia. METHODS: Towards this end we recruited 60 participants with aMCI, 40 with deficit and 40 with nondeficit schizophrenia and 103 normal volunteers. Cognitive measures were assessed with the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's disease (CERAD) using the Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), Boston Naming Test (BNT), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Word list memory (WLM), Word list recall (WLRecall) and Word list recognition (WLRecognition)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762677/anti-dementia-drugs-for-psychopathology-and-cognitive-impairment-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Taro Kishi, Toshikazu Ikuta, Kazuto Oya, Shinji Matsunaga, Yuki Matsuda, Nakao Iwata
Background: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of anti-dementia drugs plus antipsychotics (ADD+AP) for schizophrenia. Methods: Primary outcomes of efficacy and safety included improving overall symptoms (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale scores) and all-cause discontinuation, respectively. Other outcomes included psychopathology subscales (positive, negative, general, and anxiety/depressive symptoms), cognitive function (attention/vigilance, reasoning/problem solving, social cognition, speed of processing, verbal learning, visual learning, working memory, and cognitive control/executive function), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores, treatment discontinuation due to adverse events and inefficacy, and individual adverse events...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761589/prevalence-and-effect-factors-of-dementia-among-the-community-elderly-in-chongqing-china
#7
Jing Deng, Cheng Cao, Yi Jiang, Bin Peng, Tingting Wang, Ke Yan, Jingxi Lian, Zengzi Wang
BACKGROUND: China is an ageing society, with around 150 million people aged 60 years or older. The prevalence of dementia will increase by more than 100% in the coming 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of dementia among the community elderly in Chongqing, China. METHODS: Cluster sampling was adopted. A sample of elderly individuals aged 60 years and older was extracted as research subjects from three counties within Chongqing, China...
May 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761569/cognitive-and-functional-progression-in-alzheimer-disease-a-prediction-model-of-latent-classes
#8
Miriam L Haaksma, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, René J F Melis, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos
OBJECTIVE: We sought to replicate a previously published prediction model for progression, developed in the Cache County Dementia Progression Study, using a clinical cohort from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center. METHODS: We included 1120 incident Alzheimer disease (AD) cases with at least one assessment after diagnosis, originating from 31 AD centres from the United States. Trajectories of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clinical Dementia Rating sum of boxes (CDR-sb) were modelled jointly over time using parallel-process growth mixture models in order to identify latent classes of trajectories...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761018/behavioral-and-neurophysiological-abnormalities-during-cued-continuous-performance-tasks-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Weixiang Zhao, Ruhong Wu, Suhong Wang, Haihui Qi, Yitao Qian, Suinuan Wang
Objective: This study's aim was to investigate the features and neural mechanisms of sustained attention in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) by comparing and analyzing neuropsychological, behavioral, event-related potentials, and event-related desynchronization and synchronization between mTBI patients and healthy controls. Methods: Twenty mTBI patients with mTBI and 20 healthy controls underwent the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a cued continuous performance task (AX-CPT)...
May 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760963/effectiveness-of-a-day-rehabilitation-program-in-improving-functional-outcome-and-reducing-mortality-and-readmission-of-elderly-patients-with-fragility-hip-fractures
#10
Tak Man Wong, Frankie K L Leung, Tak Wing Lau, Christian Fang, Felix H W Chan, Jun Wu
Introduction: The incidence of hip fracture is projected to increase in the next 25 years as the world population ages. Hip fracture is often associated with subsequent readmission and mortality. Nevertheless, elderly patients often may not achieve the same level of functional ability as prior to their injury. Several studies have shown that close collaboration between orthopedic surgeons and geriatricians can improve such outcomes and Geriatric Day Hospital (GDH) is one of the examples of collaboration to improve such outcomes...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760643/combining-polygenic-hazard-score-with-volumetric-mri-and-cognitive-measures-improves-prediction-of-progression-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Karolina Kauppi, Chun Chieh Fan, Linda K McEvoy, Dominic Holland, Chin Hong Tan, Chi-Hua Chen, Ole A Andreassen, Rahul S Desikan, Anders M Dale
Improved prediction of progression to Alzheimer's Disease (AD) among older individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is of high clinical and societal importance. We recently developed a polygenic hazard score (PHS) that predicted age of AD onset above and beyond APOE . Here, we used data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) to further explore the potential clinical utility of PHS for predicting AD development in older adults with MCI. We examined the predictive value of PHS alone and in combination with baseline structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data on performance on the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760023/improving-prediction-of-dementia-in-primary-care
#12
Susan Jongstra, Willem A van Gool, Eric P Moll van Charante, Jan-Willem van Dalen, Lisa S M Eurelings, Edo Richard, Suzanne A Ligthart
PURPOSE: The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is one of the most widely used instruments to screen for cognitive deficits; however, this instrument alone is not sensitive enough to detect early symptoms of dementia. We aimed to investigate whether additionally using the Visual Association Test (VAT) improves the predictive value of the MMSE score for development of dementia. METHODS: Analyses were based on data from 2,690 primary care patients aged 70 to 78 years who participated in the Prevention of Dementia by Intensive Vascular Care (preDIVA) trial...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754693/preoperative-6-minute-walk-distance-is-associated-with-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction
#13
Kazuhiro Hayashi, Hideki Oshima, Miho Shimizu, Kiyonori Kobayashi, Shigeyuki Matsui, Yoshihiro Nishida, Akihiko Usui
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a neurologic dysfunction that occurs after surgery. POCD persists for a long period, ranging from weeks to months, and affects a patient's quality of life. A 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) has been used to predict postoperative complications after several operations. The present study investigated whether there was an independent association of a low preoperative 6MWD with POCD in patients who underwent cardiac operations. METHODS: The study included 181 patients who underwent a cardiac operation...
April 25, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754151/a-voxel-based-magnetic-resonance-imaging-morphometric-study-of-cerebral-and-cerebellar-gray-matter-in-patients-under-65-years-with-essential-tremor
#14
Hongmei Cao, Rong Wang, Xue Luo, Xianjun Li, Mark Hallett, Johanna Thompson-Westra, Jian Yang, Qiumin Qu, Xiaobo Yang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the morphological changes in cerebral and cerebellar gray matter in patients with essential tremor under 60-years-of-age, with age-matched and gender-matched normal healthy volunteer control subjects, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective, controlled, comparative clinical study included 17 patients with essential tremor, <60 years-of-age, and 17 age-matched and gender-matched healthy volunteer control subjects, recruited between June 2010-July 2012...
May 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753565/spanish-language-screening-scales-a-critical-review
#15
S Torres-Castro, B Mena-Montes, G González-Ambrosio, A Zubieta-Zavala, N M Torres-Carrillo, G I Acosta-Castillo, M C Espinel-Bermúdez
INTRODUCTION: Dementia is a chronic, degenerative disease with a strong impact on families and health systems. The instruments currently in use for measuring cognitive impairment have different psychometric characteristics in terms of application time, cut-off point, reliability, and validity. The objective of this review is to describe the characteristics of the validated, Spanish-language versions of the Mini-Cog, Clock-Drawing Test, and Mini-Mental State Examination scales for cognitive impairment screening...
May 9, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752657/increased-adiponectin-is-associated-with-cerebral-white-matter-lesions-in-the-elderly-with-cognitive-impairment
#16
Youshi Fujita, Takashi Toyomoto, Tomomi Sakoh-Goshima, Yutaka Kohno, Masafumi Okada, Tadanori Hamano, Yasunari Nakamoto
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived peptide that increases with age and is thought to protect against atherosclerotic vascular changes and organ damage. However, paradoxically, higher adiponectin levels are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events and mortality. We investigated whether this adiponectin paradox occurs in elderly people with cognitive impairment. Fifty-two elderly participants with mild cognitive impairment or dementia (20 male and 32 female, aged 60-93 years, mean 80.0) were recruited...
May 11, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752254/cognitive-assessment-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-by-telemedicine-pilot-study
#17
Anna Carotenuto, Raffaele Rea, Enea Traini, Giovanna Ricci, Angiola Maria Fasanaro, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: Approximately 46.8 million people are living with dementia worldwide and their number will grow in the next years. Any potential treatment should be administered as early as possible because it is important to provide an early cognitive assessment and to regularly monitor the mental function of patients. Information and communication technologies can be helpful to reach and follow patients without displacing them, but there may be doubts about the reliability of cognitive tests performed by telemedicine...
May 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752159/predictors-of-falls-and-fractures-leading-to-hospitalization-in-people-with-dementia-a-representative-cohort-study
#18
Shalini Sharma, Christoph Mueller, Robert Stewart, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Sarah E Lamb, Gayan Perera, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: Investigate predictors of falls and fractures leading to hospitalization in a large cohort of people with dementia. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: People with diagnosed dementia between January 2007 and March 2013, aged >65 years, were assembled using data from the Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre Case Register, from 4 boroughs in London serving a population of 1.3 million people. MEASURES: Falls and/or fractures leading to hospitalization were ascertained from linked national records...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751661/effects-of-2-year-cognitive%C3%A2-motor-dual-task-training-on-cognitive-function-and-motor-ability-in-healthy-elderly-people-a-pilot-study
#19
Emiko Morita, Hisayo Yokoyama, Daiki Imai, Ryosuke Takeda, Akemi Ota, Eriko Kawai, Yuta Suzuki, Kazunobu Okazaki
We aimed to examine the effect of 2-year cognitive⁻motor dual-task (DT) training on cognitive functions and motor ability of healthy elderly people without marked cognitive impairment. From the 25 participants of our 12-week DT trial conducted in 2014, we recruited 8 subjects who voluntarily participated in a new DT training program once a week for 2 years (exercise (EX) group). Their cognitive functions were evaluated by the Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) examination and the Trail Making Test, and results were compared with those of the 11 subjects who discontinued the training and did not perform any types of exercise for 2 years (non-exercise (NO) group)...
May 11, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751506/neurocognitive-disorders-and-dehydration-in-older-patients-clinical-experience-supports-the-hydromolecular-hypothesis-of-dementia
#20
Michele Lauriola, Antonio Mangiacotti, Grazia D'Onofrio, Leandro Cascavilla, Francesco Paris, Giulia Paroni, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Daniele Sancarlo
Abnormalities of water homeostasis can be early expressions of neuronal dysfunction, brain atrophy, chronic cerebrovasculopathy and neurodegenerative disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the serum osmolality of subjects with cognitive impairment. One thousand and ninety-one consecutive patients attending the Alzheimer&rsquo;s Evaluation Unit were evaluated with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), 21-Item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-21), Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental-ADL (IADL), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Exton-Smith Scale (ESS), and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS)...
May 3, 2018: Nutrients
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