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Mini Mental State

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535408/differences-in-clinical-and-cognitive-variables-in-seasonal-affective-disorder-compared-to-depressive-related-disorders-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#1
I Morales-Muñoz, S Koskinen, T Partonen
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression with seasonal pattern. Although it involves some idiosyncratic symptoms, it can overlap with other depressive disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD) or dysthymia. We aimed to characterize the differences in specific cognitive and clinical symptoms between SAD and depressive-related disorders. METHODS: In total, 4554 Finnish subjects from the population-based Health 2011 Survey were interviewed with the Munich version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI) and filled in the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ)...
March 28, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532453/impact-of-legumes-and-plant-proteins-consumption-on-cognitive-performances-in-the-elderly
#2
Elisa Mazza, Antonietta Fava, Yvelise Ferro, Marta Moraca, Stefania Rotundo, Carmela Colica, Francesco Provenzano, Rosa Terracciano, Marta Greco, Daniela Foti, Elio Gulletta, Diego Russo, Domenico Bosco, Arturo Pujia, Tiziana Montalcini
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have investigated the role of the dietary factors in the prevention of cognitive decline but the short-term effects of foods choice on cognitive performances in the elderly are poorly explored. Our aim was to investigate the choice of foods among elderly Italian individuals and the association with cognitive function. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, the participants were 214 individuals aged ≥65 years with a score >20 at the Mini Mental State Examination...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528597/adjunctive-memantine-for-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials
#3
W Zheng, X-H Li, X-H Yang, D-B Cai, G S Ungvari, C H Ng, S-B Wang, Y-Y Wang, Y-P Ning, Y-T Xiang
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to examine the efficacy and safety of memantine, a non-competitive NMDAR antagonist, in the treatment of schizophrenia. METHODS: Standardized/weighted mean differences (SMDs/WMDs), risk ratio (RR), and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and analyzed. RESULTS: Included in the meta-analysis were eight RCTs (n = 452) of 11...
May 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526765/factors-associated-with-ischemic-stroke-survival-and-recovery-in-older-adults
#4
Divya Thekkethala Winovich, William T Longstreth, Alice M Arnold, Ravi Varadhan, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri, Mary Cushman, Anne B Newman, Michelle C Odden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Little is known about factors that predispose older adults to poor recovery after a stroke. In this study, we sought to evaluate prestroke measures of frailty and related factors as markers of vulnerability to poor outcomes after ischemic stroke. METHODS: In participants aged 65 to 99 years with incident ischemic strokes from the Cardiovascular Health Study, we evaluated the association of several risk factors (frailty, frailty components, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and cystatin C) assessed before stroke with stroke outcomes of survival, cognitive decline (≥5 points on Modified Mini-Mental State Examination), and activities of daily living decline (increase in limitations)...
May 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525567/saccadic-eye-movements-and-attentional-control-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Nicolas Noiret, Nicolas Carvalho, Éric Laurent, Gilles Chopard, Mickaël Binetruy, Magali Nicolier, Julie Monnin, Eloi Magnin, Pierre Vandel
Objective: Several studies have demonstrated saccadic eye movement (SEM) abnormalities in Alzheimer's disease (AD) when patients performed prosaccade (PS) and antisaccade (AS) tasks. Some studies have also showed that SEM abnormalities were correlated with dementia rating tests such as the Mini Mental State Evaluation (MMSE). Therefore, it has been suggested that SEMs could provide useful information for diagnosis. However, little is known about predictive saccades (PreS)-saccades triggered before or very quickly after stimuli appearance-and their relationships with cognition in AD...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515546/use-of-jonkman-et-al-score-for-visual-quantification-of-electroencephalography-as-a-tool-to-assess-disease-severity-in-cortical-dementias
#6
R Kiran Kumar, Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Girish B Kulkarni, Rose Dawn Bharath
OBJECTIVES: To study electroencephalography (EEG) changes in patients with cortical dementias (Alzheimer's disease [AD] and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). (1) To correlate EEG changes with clinical severity of dementia as assessed by rating scales. (2) To correlate global gray matter volume (GGMV) with EEG scores and clinical severity rating scales. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study involving patients fulfilling the criteria for Probable AD and FTD...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513119/low-borderline-levels-of-serum-vitamin-b12-may-predict-cognitive-decline-in-elderly-hip-fracture-patients
#7
Eliyahu H Mizrahi, Emilia Lubart, Arthur Leibovitz
BACKGROUND: The progression from cognitive impairment to dementia is a multifactorial process that involves genetic and environmental factors. Vitamin B12 deficiency can be an important factor in the progress from cognitive decline to dementia. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between borderline low level of vitamin B12 (≤ 350 pg/ml) and cognitive decline among a group of elderly hip fracture patients. METHODS: This retrospective chart review study was conducted in a geriatric rehabilitation ward of a university-affiliated referral hospital...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511984/comparison-of-three-cognitive-exams-in-cardiac-arrest-survivors
#8
Allison C Koller, Jon C Rittenberger, Melissa J Repine, Patrick W Morgan, Jeffrey Kristan, Clifton W Callaway
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits may detract from quality of life after cardiac arrest. Their pattern and prevalence are not well documented. We used the Computer Assessment of Mild Cognitive Impairment (CAMCI), the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) and the 41 Cent Test (41CT) to assess cognitive impairment in cardiac arrest survivors and examine the exams' diagnostic accuracy. We hypothesized that the scores of these exams would indicate the presence of cognitive impairment in arrest survivors, that the overall scores on the three study assessments would correlate with one another, and that the 41CT, MOCA, and executive function element of the CAMCI would vary independently from other non-executive CAMCI components, reflecting executive function impairment after cardiac arrest...
May 13, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511144/development-of-a-prognostic-scale-for-severely-hemiplegic-stroke-patients-in-a-rehabilitation-hospital
#9
Yoshitake Hirano, Osamu Nitta, Takeshi Hayashi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Hiroshi Kigawa
OBJECTIVES: For patients with severe hemiplegia in a rehabilitation hospital, early prediction of the functional prognosis and outcomes is challenging. The purpose of this study was to create and verify a prognostic scale in severely hemiplegic stroke patients and allowing for prediction of (1) the ability to walk at the time of hospital discharge, (2) the ability to carry out activities of daily living (ADL), and (3) feasibility of home discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 80 severely hemiplegic stroke patients...
April 28, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511141/the-co-occurrence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-cognitive-impairment-and-its-relationship-with-self-care-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-diabetes
#10
Chia-Lin Li, Yi-Chen Chiu, Yuh-Bin Bai, Jen-Der Lin, Fiona Stanaway, Hsing-Yi Chang
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to investigate the co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment in community dwelling older adults with diabetes and its relationship with specific diabetes self-care behaviors. METHODS: We analyzed data from two national samples of older adults (65years or older) with self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes (N=1034), who participated in the 2005 or 2009 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to assess cognitive function...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509347/domain-specific-cognitive-impairment-in-non-demented-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#11
Jared T Hinkle, Kate Perepezko, Catherine C Bakker, Ted M Dawson, Vanessa Johnson, Zoltan Mari, Cherie L Marvel, Kelly A Mills, Alexander Pantelyat, Olga Pletnikova, Liana S Rosenthal, Melissa D Shepard, Daniel A Stevens, Juan C Troncoso, Jiangxia Wang, Gregory M Pontone
INTRODUCTION: In Parkinson's disease (PD), psychosis is associated with cognitive impairment that may be more profound in particular cognitive domains. Our goal was to determine whether psychosis in non-demented PD participants is associated with domain-specific cognitive impairment on the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE). METHODS: The Morris K. Udall Parkinson's Disease Research Center of Excellence Longitudinal Study at Johns Hopkins is a prospective study that was initiated in 1998...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507534/stress-and-alterations-in-bones-an-interdisciplinary-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Pia-Maria Wippert, Michael Rector, Gisela Kuhn, Karin Wuertz-Kozak
Decades of research have demonstrated that physical stress (PS) stimulates bone remodeling and affects bone structure and function through complex mechanotransduction mechanisms. Recent research has laid ground to the hypothesis that mental stress (MS) also influences bone biology, eventually leading to osteoporosis and increased bone fracture risk. These effects are likely exerted by modulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, resulting in an altered release of growth hormones, glucocorticoids and cytokines, as demonstrated in human and animal studies...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507470/evaluating-the-relationship-of-blood-pressure-plasma-angiotensin-peptides-and-aldosterone-with-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-hypertension
#13
Selçuk Sen, Nermin Gürel, Baran Ufuktepe, Zeynep Günes Özünal, Çagla Büyüklü, Yagiz Üresin
Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System (RAAS) plays an important role in the development of hypertension. On the other hand, hypertension is a well-known and independent risk factor for cognitive impairment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of blood pressure control, plasma angiotensin peptides and aldosterone with cognitive functions. Forty-one patients who were under treatment with the same antihypertensive medications for at least three months were included in the study. Plasma angiotensin II, angiotensin 1-7, angiotensin IV, and aldosterone concentrations were analyzed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506252/the-impact-of-residential-status-on-cognitive-decline-among-older-adults-in-china-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Hanzhang Xu, Matthew E Dupre, Danan Gu, Bei Wu
BACKGROUND: Residential status has been linked to numerous determinants of health and well-being. However, the influence of residential status on cognitive decline remains unclear. The purpose of this research was to assess the changes of cognitive function among older adults with different residential status (urban residents, rural-to-urban residents, rural residents, and urban-to-rural residents), over a 12-year period. METHODS: We used five waves of data (2002, 2005, 2008/2009, 2011/2012, and 2014) from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey with 17,333 older adults age 65 and over who were interviewed up to five times...
May 15, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506213/voxel-wise-correlations-between-cognition-and-cerebral-blood-flow-using-arterial-spin-labeled-perfusion-mri-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tomohiro Kaneta, Omi Katsuse, Takamasa Hirano, Matsuyoshi Ogawa, Ayako Shihikura-Hino, Keisuke Yoshida, Toshinari Odawara, Yoshio Hirayasu, Tomio Inoue
BACKGROUND: To analyze voxel-wise correlation between cerebral blood flow (CBF) measured using ASL-MRI and cognition in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Forty-one patients diagnosed with AD or mild cognitive impairment due to AD were recruited for this study. CBF images were obtained using ASL-MRI (n = 41) with a post-labeling delay (PLD) of 1.5 and 2.5 s (PLD1.5 and PLD2.5, respectively) using a 3 T scanner, in addition to brain perfusion SPECT with N-isopropyl-4-[I-123]iodoamphetamine (n = 28)...
May 15, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505978/an-arabic-version-of-the-cognitive-subscale-of-the-alzheimer-s-disease-assessment-scale-adas-cog-reliability-validity-and-normative-data
#16
Sonia Ben Jemaa, Neila Attia Romdhane, Amel Bahri-Mrabet, Adel Jendli, Didier Le Gall, Tarek Bellaj
The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale's cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) is the most widely used instrument for screening cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. The aim of the present study was to develop an Arabic version of this scale (A-ADAS-Cog), examine its psychometric properties (reliability and validity), and provide normative data. The A-ADAS-Cog), an Arabic version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (A-MMSE), and a Standardized Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR) were administered to three Tunisian groups: 124 normal controls (NC), 33 patients with non-Alzheimer dementia (N-AD), and 25 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503934/score-disparity-between-the-mmse-and-the-slums
#17
Ann B Yoelin, Nathan W Saunders
BACKGROUND: Multiple brief cognitive instruments are available to assess cognitive impairment in older adults. However, not all instruments demonstrate the same effectiveness when utilized with higher educated adults. This study evaluates the score disparity between the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the St. Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination across the education spectrum. It was hypothesized that individuals with more years of formal education would produce higher scores on both the MMSE and SLUMS...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503836/role-of-anticholinergic-burden-in-primary-care-patients-with-first-cognitive-complaints
#18
G Grande, I Tramacere, D L Vetrano, F Clerici, S Pomati, C Mariani, G Filippini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Drugs with anticholinergic properties might have a negative impact on cognition, but findings are still conflicting. The association was evaluated between anticholinergic drugs and cognitive performance in primary care patients with first cognitive complaints. METHODS: From April 2013 to March 2014, 353 general practitioners administered the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to patients presenting with first cognitive complaints. Drug history was collected and the anticholinergic cognitive burden (ACB) was scored and categorized as ACB 0, ACB 1 and ACB 2+...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503542/role-of-physical-activity-in-mortality-prediction-in-elderly-hospice-patients
#19
Hye-Sang Park, Kyu-Tae Lee, Tae-Woon Kim
The prediction of life-expectancy in terminally ill patients is important both for medical and social reasons but it is widely recognized as being inaccurate. The aim of this study was to investigate the mortality predictors and indicators of life extension among elderly patients in a hospice service center. In order to determine the mortality predictors, we investigated the relationship between patients' cognitive status using the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination & Global Deterioration Scale (K-MMSE & GDS), the patient's physical function using the instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL) score, and the patient's blood component values...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503452/relation-of-urinary-retention-and-functional-recovery-in-stroke-patients-during-rehabilitation-program
#20
Seok Beom Son, Seong Yun Chung, Seok Kang, Joon Shik Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urinary retention and short-term functional recovery in subacute stage after stroke. METHODS: The medical records of 94 patients admitted to the rehabilitation unit of Korea University Guro Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The postvoid residual urine (PVR) was measured at least once a day using a bladder scan, and urinary retention (UR) was defined when the daily PVR volume consistently checked more than 100 mL...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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