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Functional clotting assay

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462691/factor-x-activating-atractaspis-snake-venoms-and-the-relative-coagulotoxicity-neutralising-efficacy-of-african-antivenoms
#1
Brice Oulion, James S Dobson, Christina N Zdenek, Kevin Arbuckle, Callum Lister, Francisco C P Coimbra, Bianca Op den Brouw, Jordan Debono, Aymeric Rogalski, Aude Violette, Rudy Fourmy, Nathaniel Frank, Bryan G Fry
Atractaspis snake species are enigmatic in their natural history, and venom effects are correspondingly poorly described. Bite reports are scarce but bites have been described as causing severe hypertension, profound local tissue damage leading to amputation, and deaths are on record. Clinical descriptions have largely concentrated upon tissue effects, and research efforts have focused upon the blood-pressure affecting sarafotoxins. However, coagulation disturbances suggestive of procoagulant functions have been reported in some clinical cases, yet this aspect has been uninvestigated...
February 17, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446525/laboratory-testing-for-factor-viii-and-ix-inhibitors-in-haemophilia-a-review
#2
REVIEW
C H Miller
Inhibitors are antibodies directed against haemophilia treatment products which interfere with their function. Factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors in haemophilia A and factor IX (FIX) inhibitors in haemophilia B are significant clinically when they require a change in a patient's treatment regimen. Their persistence may increase morbidity and mortality. Multiple laboratory tests are now available for detecting and understanding inhibitors in haemophilia. Inhibitors are traditionally measured by their interference in clotting or chromogenic factor assays...
February 15, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445039/both-lipopolysaccharide-and-lipoteichoic-acids-potently-induce-anomalous-fibrin-amyloid-formation-assessment-with-novel-amytracker%C3%A2-stains
#3
Etheresia Pretorius, Martin J Page, Lisa Hendricks, Nondumiso B Nkosi, Sven R Benson, Douglas B Kell
In recent work, we discovered that the presence of highly substoichiometric amounts (10 -8 molar ratio) of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria caused fibrinogen clotting to lead to the formation of an amyloid form of fibrin. We here show that the broadly equivalent lipoteichoic acids (LTAs) from two species of Gram-positive bacteria have similarly (if not more) potent effects. Using thioflavin T fluorescence to detect amyloid as before, the addition of low concentrations of free ferric ion is found to have similar effects...
February 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442531/the-impact-of-pneumatic-tube-transport-on-whole-blood-coagulation-and-platelet-function-assays
#4
Peter H Nissen, Dorte E Wulff, Niels Tørring, Anne-Mette Hvas
Pneumatic tube is an attractive way to transport blood samples from the emergency department to the central laboratory facility. We aimed to investigate the impact of pneumatic tube transportation on blood samples for analysis of whole blood coagulation and platelet function. We included 21 healthy adult individuals and measured global coagulation assays by rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) and platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid (AA) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) using impedance aggregometry (ROTEM Platelet), on samples transported manually or by pneumatic tube transport...
February 14, 2018: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379088/the-inflammatory-effects-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-complement-component-3-on-coagulation
#5
Martin J Page, Janette Bester, Etheresia Pretorius
Tissue necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and complement component 3 (C3) are two well-known pro-inflammatory molecules. When TNF-α is upregulated, it contributes to changes in coagulation and causes C3 induction. They both interact with receptors on platelets and erythrocytes (RBCs). Here, we look at the individual effects of C3 and TNF-α, by adding low levels of the molecules to whole blood and platelet poor plasma. We used thromboelastography, wide-field microscopy and scanning electron microscopy to study blood clot formation, as well as structural changes to RBCs and platelets...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331940/screening-and-functional-exploration-of-prothrombin-arg596-related-mutations-in-chinese-venous-thromboembolism-patients
#6
Xi Wu, Lei Li, Qiulan Ding, Xuefeng Wang, Fang Wu, Wenman Wu
AIMS: Dysfunctional prothrombin residue Arg596 associated mutation has been found to precipitate venous thromboembolism (VTE). In the current study we investigated the prevalence of Arg596 associated mutations in Chinese patients with VTE and explored the functional impact of Arg596Gln mutation on coagulation function in affected patients. METHODS: Prothrombin clotting activity was measured in 267 unrelated patients with unprovoked VTE. Patients with moderately decreased activities underwent further analysis of the F2 gene...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304526/thromboelastometry-and-platelet-function-during-acclimatization-to-high-altitude
#7
Alistair S Rocke, Gordon G Paterson, Matthew T Barber, Alexander I R Jackson, Shona Main, Calum Stannett, Martin F Schnopp, J Kenneth Baillie, Elizabeth H Horne, Carl Moores, Paul Harrison, Alastair F Nimmo, A A Roger Thompson
Interaction between hypoxia and coagulation is important given the increased risk of thrombotic diseases in chronically hypoxic patients who reside at sea level and in residents at high altitude. Hypoxia alters the proteome of platelets favouring a prothrombotic phenotype, but studies of activation and consumption of specific coagulation factors in hypoxic humans have yielded conflicting results. We tested blood from 63 healthy lowland volunteers acclimatizing to high altitude (5,200 m) using thromboelastometry and assays of platelet function to examine the effects of hypoxia on haemostasis...
January 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248181/principal-component-analysis-of-coagulation-assays-in-severely-injured-children
#8
Christine M Leeper, Matthew D Neal, Christine McKenna, Timothy Billiar, Barbara A Gaines
BACKGROUND: Trauma-induced coagulopathy is common and associated with poor outcome in injured children. Our aim is to identify patterns of coagulation dysregulation after injury and associate these phenotypes with relevant clinical outcomes. METHODS: We performed principal components analysis on prospectively collected data from children with the highest-level trauma activation June 2015-June 2016. Parameters included admission international normalized ratio, platelet count and thromboelastograms...
December 13, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239953/the-impact-of-prehospital-tranexamic-acid-on-blood-coagulation-in-trauma-patients
#9
Philipp Stein, Jan-Dirk Studt, Roland Albrecht, Stefan Müller, Dieter von Ow, Simon Fischer, Burkhardt Seifert, Sergio Mariotti, Donat R Spahn, Oliver M Theusinger
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on prehospital administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) in civilian trauma. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in coagulation after severe trauma from on-scene to the hospital after TXA application in comparison to a previous study without TXA. METHODS: The study protocol was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02354885). A prospective, multicenter, observational study investigating coagulation status in 70 trauma patients receiving TXA (1 g intravenously) on-scene versus a control group of 38 patients previously published without TXA...
February 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208274/hemostatic-porous-sponges-of-cross-linked-hyaluronic-acid-cationized-dextran-by-one-self-foaming-process
#10
Jia-Ying Liu, Yang Li, Yang Hu, Gang Cheng, Enyi Ye, Chuanan Shen, Fu-Jian Xu
Effective hemostatic materials are very important for treating trauma cases. Natural polysaccharides have been particularly appealing in the development of new hemostatic materials due to their unique functions in human bodies. In this work, different polysaccharide-based hemostatic porous sponges (SHDP or SHDQ) of cross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA)/cationized dextran were readily prepared by the self-foaming process of HA and poly((2-dimethyl amino)-ethyl methacrylate)-grafted dextran (Dex-PDM) or partially-quaternized Dex-PDM in the presence of sodium trimetaphosphate crosslinkers...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157015/influence-of-selected-antithrombotic-treatment-on-thromboelastometric-results
#11
Mia Hammer Holck, Thomas Decker Christensen, Anne-Mette Hvas
Rotatory thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®)) is used for diagnosing and monitoring bleeding patients. Some of these patients receive antithrombotic treatment, thus having an increased risk of bleeding. Only sparse knowledge exists about whether the ROTEM(®) analysis is influenced by antithrombotic treatment. The objective of the present study was to examine if the ROTEM(®) results are affected in patients receiving antithrombotic treatment. This prospective observational study included patients receiving either vitamin K-antagonists (VKA), aspirin (ASA) or ASA combined with an adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor antagonist (ASA + ADP)...
November 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154937/effect-of-human-recombinant-prourokinase-rhpro-uk-on-thromboembolic-stroke-in-rats
#12
Chun-Hua Hao, Wen-Xia Ding, Qian Sun, Xin-Xin Li, Wei-Ting Wang, Zhuan-You Zhao, Li-da Tang
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of human recombinant prourokinase ( rhpro-UK) on thromboembolic stroke in rats. 60 rats with thromboembolic stroke were divided into 6 groups (n = 10). The model group was given saline, the reagent groups were given rhpro-UK (5, 10, 20 × 104U/kg), and positive control groups were given urokinase (UK) 10 × 104U/kg and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) 9mg/kg through intravenous infusion at 1.5h after embolism. And other 10 rats without occluded by autologous blood clots as the sham group were given saline...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154788/a-multianalytical-approach-to-investigate-the-effect-of-nanofiltration-on-plasma-derived-factor-ix-clinical-lots
#13
Rosita Russo, Giuseppina Focà, Camilla Rega, Annamaria Sandomenico, Nunzianna Doti, Filippo Mori, Marcella Maddaluno, Claudio Farina, Menotti Ruvo, Angela Chambery
Plasma-derived proteins are a subset of relevant biotherapeutics also known as "well-characterized biologicals". They are enriched from plasma through several steps of physical and biochemical methodologies, reaching the regulatory accepted standards of safety, levels of impurities, activity and lot-to-lot consistency. Final products accepted for commercialization are submitted to tight analytical, functional and safety controls by a number of different approaches that fulfill the requirements of sensitivity and reliability...
November 20, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151081/association-between-standard-laboratory-and-functional-tests-of-coagulation-in-dilutional-coagulopathy-an-in-vitro-study
#14
L J Krzych, P F Czempik
Standard laboratory tests (SLTs) of coagulation are in common use in clinical practice. We aimed to determine the association between SLTs and functional tests of coagulation in blood samples diluted with balanced crystalloid and colloid solutions in an ex vivo setting. The study group comprised 32 healthy young male volunteers. Whole blood samples were diluted at a 4:1 ratio with balanced crystalloid (Plasmalyte®) and two balanced colloids, 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (Volulyte®) and succinylated gelatin (Geloplasma®)...
August 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126301/coagulation-testing-in-the-core-laboratory
#15
William E Winter, Sherri D Flax, Neil S Harris
Primary hemostasis begins with endothelial injury. VWF, produced by endothelial cells, binds to platelets and links them to subendothelial collagen. Platelet-derived ADP and thromboxane activate non-adhered platelets via their GPIIb/IIIa receptors, allowing these platelets to participate in platelet aggregation. Secondary hemostasis is initiated with the binding of factor VII to extravascular tissue factor (TF). Factors II, VII, IX and X are vitamin K-dependent factors. The role of vitamin K is to assist in the addition of gamma carboxylate groups to glutamic acids in the "GLA" domains of these factors...
November 8, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116465/hemostatic-gauze-based-on-chitosan-and-hydroquinone-preparation-characterization-and-blood-coagulation-evaluation
#16
Roberta Cassano, Maria Luisa Di Gioia, Silvia Mellace, Nevio Picci, Sonia Trombino
This work concerns on the preparation and performance evaluation of a new chitosan hydroquinone based gauze for hemostatic use. Chitosan and hydroquinone were firstly connected by etherification and then linked to the pre-carboxylate gauze. The functionalized material and the chitosan-hydroquinone ether were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). FT-IR results showed that an esterification occurred on carboxylic group of the gauze. The gauze functionalization degree was also evaluated by volumetric analysis...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994570/clustering-of-cyclodextrin-functionalized-microbeads-by-an-amphiphilic-biopolymer-real-time-observation-of-structures-resembling-blood-clots
#17
Chandamany Arya, Camila A Saez Cabesas, Hubert Huang, Srinivasa R Raghavan
Colloidal particles can be induced to cluster by adding polymers in a process called bridging flocculation. For bridging to occur, the polymer must bind strongly to the surfaces of adjacent particles, such as via electrostatic interactions. Here, we introduce a new system where bridging occurs due to specific interactions between the side chains of an amphiphilic polymer and supramolecules on the particle surface. The polymer is a hydrophobically modified chitosan (hmC) while the particles are uniform polymeric microbeads (∼160 μm in diameter) made by a microfluidic technique and functionalized on their surface by α-cyclodextrins (CDs)...
October 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971515/serum-proteomic-assessment-of-the-progression-of-fracture-healing
#18
Amira I Hussein, Christian Mancini, Kyle E Lybrand, Margaret E Cooke, Heather E Matheny, Brenna L Hogue, Paul Tornetta, Louis C Gerstenfeld
A targeted proteomic analysis of murine serum over a 35-day course of fracture healing was carried out to determine if serum proteomic changes could be used to monitor the biological progression of fracture healing. Transverse, closed femoral fractures where generated and stabilized with intramedullary fixation. A single stranded DNA aptamer-based multiplexed proteomic approach was used to assay 1,310 proteins. The transcriptomic profiles for genes matching the 1,310 proteins were obtained by microarray analysis of callus mRNA...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970801/polyphosphate-in-neonates-less-shedding-from-platelets-and-divergent-prothrombotic-capacity-due-to-lower-tfpi-levels
#19
Axel Schlagenhauf, Harald Haidl, Sina Pohl, Eva-Christine Weiss, Bettina Leschnik, Siegfried Gallistl, Wolfgang Muntean
Background: The neonatal hemostatic system exhibits a fragile balance featuring lower levels of clotting factors as well as inhibitors. Neonatal platelets show in-vitro hypoaggregability, but neonates exhibit well-functioning primary and secondary hemostasis despite this impairment. Recently, polyphosphate shed by activated platelets has been shown to induce a prothrombotic shift on the plasmatic coagulation system of adults. The impact of platelet derived polyphosphate might differ in neonates due to aforementioned peculiarities...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964870/hemostasis-and-uterine-contraction-promoting-effect-of-the-extract-from-drugs-in-the-zi-yin-tiao-jing-granule-a-traditional-chinese-compound-preparation
#20
Qing Tang, Sheng Yang, Jie Tong, Xu Li, Junjie Wu, Senhong Wang, Jifen Zhang, Yi Chen, Xiaoyu Xu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zi-Yin-Tiao-Jing granule (ZG) is a traditional Chinese medicine compound preparation for perimenopausal dysfunctional uterine bleeding. It is made from 9 Chinese crude drugs based on a modified traditional Chinese prescription recorded in Fu Qingzhu Nvke as Guben Zhibeng Tang. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the hemostasis and uterine contraction promoting effect of quality controlled ZG extract on animals as a preclinical study...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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