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Fgfr inhibitor

Yang Liu, Xia Peng, Xiaocong Guan, Dong Lu, Yong Xi, Shiyu Jin, Hui Chen, Limin Zeng, Jing Ai, Meiyu Geng, Youhong Hu
FGF receptors (FGFRs) are tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in diverse tumors by genetic alterations such as gene amplifications, somatic mutations and translocations. Owing to this characteristic, FGFRs are attractive targets for cancer treatment. It has been demonstrated that most multi-targeted, ATP competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitors are active against FGFRs as well as other kinases. The design of new and more selective inhibitors of FGFRs, which might be reduced off-target and side effects, is a difficult yet significant challenge...
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Sumera Rizvi, Mitesh J Borad
Cholangiocarcinomas (CCAs) are heterogeneous tumors arising from the biliary tract with features of cholangiocyte differentiation. CCAs are aggressive tumors with limited treatment options and poor overall survival. Only a subset of CCA patients with early stage disease can avail potentially curative treatment options. For advanced biliary tract tumors, currently there are limited effective treatment modalities. Recent advances have provided greater insight into the genomic landscape of CCAs. The fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) pathway is involved in key cellular processes essential to survival and differentiation...
October 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Jimmy Hwang
Esophagogastric cancers (EGCa) are a leading cause of cancer related mortality worldwide. It has been recognized that they represent heterogenous diseases based on histology and anatomy. However, it is also increasingly evident that these are diverse malignancies based on genetic alterations, and this is increasingly making these diseases amenable to targeted therapies. While epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mTOR inhibitors have failed to prove effective in the treatment of advanced EGCa, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inihibitor have now been demonstrated to improve survival, at least in the 2nd line setting of adenocarcinomas...
October 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Rafael Morales-Barrera, Cristina Suárez, Ana Martínez de Castro, Fabricio Racca, Claudia Valverde, Xavier Maldonado, Juan Maria Bastaros, Juan Morote, Joan Carles
Bladder cancer is one of the leading causes of death in Europe and the United States. About 25% of patients with bladder cancer have advanced disease (muscle-invasive or metastatic disease) at presentation and are candidates for systemic chemotherapy. In the setting of metastatic disease, use of cisplatin-based regimens improves survival. However, despite initial high response rates, the responses are typically not durable leading to recurrence and death in the vast majority of these patients with median overall survival of 15months and a 5-year survival rate of ⩽10%...
October 1, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Michelangelo Fiorentino, Elisa Gruppioni, Francesco Massari, Francesca Giunchi, Annalisa Altimari, Chiara Ciccarese, Davide Bimbatti, Aldo Scarpa, Roberto Iacovelli, Camillo Porta, Sarhadi Virinder, Giampaolo Tortora, Walter Artibani, Riccardo Schiavina, Andrea Ardizzoni, Matteo Brunelli, Sakari Knuutila, Guido Martignoni
Renal cell cancer (RCC) is characterized by histological and molecular heterogeneity that may account for variable response to targeted therapies. We evaluated retrospectively with a next generation sequencing (NGS) approach using a pre-designed cancer panel the mutation burden of 32 lesions from 22 metastatic RCC patients treated with at least one tyrosine kinase or mTOR inhibitor. We identified mutations in the VHL, PTEN, JAK3, MET, ERBB4, APC, CDKN2A, FGFR3, EGFR, RB1, TP53 genes. Somatic alterations were correlated with response to therapy...
October 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Christoph Schliemann, Joachim Gerss, Stefanie Wiebe, Jan-Henrik Mikesch, Nicola Knoblauch, Tim Sauer, Linus Angenendt, Tobias Kewitz, Marc Urban, Trude Butterfass-Bahloul, Sabine Edemir, Kerstin Vehring, Carsten Müller-Tidow, Wolfgang E Berdel, Utz Krug
: Nintedanib (BIBF 1120), a potent multikinase inhibitor of VEGFR-1/-2/-3, FGFR-1/-2/-3 and PDGFR-α/-β, exerts growth inhibitory and pro-apoptotic effects in myeloid leukemic cells, especially when used in combination with cytarabine. This phase I study evaluated nintedanib in combination with low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) in elderly patients with untreated or relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) ineligible for intensive chemotherapy in a 3+3 design. Nintedanib (dose levels 100, 150, and 200 mg orally twice daily) and LDAC (20 mg subcutaneous injection twice daily for 10 days) were administered in 28-day cycles...
2016: PloS One
Cecilia Lopez-Sambrooks, Shiteshu Shrimal, Carol Khodier, Daniel P Flaherty, Natalie Rinis, Jonathan C Charest, Ningguo Gao, Peng Zhao, Lance Wells, Timothy A Lewis, Mark A Lehrman, Reid Gilmore, Jennifer E Golden, Joseph N Contessa
Asparagine (N)-linked glycosylation is a protein modification critical for glycoprotein folding, stability, and cellular localization. To identify small molecules that inhibit new targets in this biosynthetic pathway, we initiated a cell-based high-throughput screen and lead-compound-optimization campaign that delivered a cell-permeable inhibitor, NGI-1. NGI-1 targets oligosaccharyltransferase (OST), a hetero-oligomeric enzyme that exists in multiple isoforms and transfers oligosaccharides to recipient proteins...
October 3, 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Masaki Takahashi, Masashi Fukuoka, Katsuji Yoshioka, Hirohiko Hohjoh
Acquired drug resistance is a major problem in chemotherapy, and understanding of the mechanism, by which naïve cells defend themselves from drugs when the cells exposed to the drugs for the first time, may provide a solution of the problem. Gefitinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and used as an anticancer drug; however, gefitinib treatment may sometimes lead cancer cells gradually into a gefitinib-tolerance. Here we describe that human adenocarcinoma PC-9 cells even under the presence of gefitinib were able to survive by activating another signaling pathway involving fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) and its signaling molecule, FGF2; and further suggest that the FGF2 for initiating the pathway might be supplied from neighboring cells which were killed by gefitinib, i...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Apurva Jain, Lawrence N Kwong, Milind Javle
Biliary tract cancers are relatively uncommon, have an aggressive disease course and a dismal clinical outcome. Until recently, there have been very few clinical advances in the management of these patients and gemcitabine-based chemotherapy has been the only widely accepted systemic therapy. The advent of next generation sequencing technologies can potentially change the treatment paradigm of this disease. Targeted therapy directed against actionable mutations and identification of molecular subsets with distinct prognostic significance is now feasible in clinical practice...
November 2016: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Shada J Alabed, Mohammad Khanfar, Mutasem O Taha
AIM: FGFR-1 is an oncogenic kinase involved in several cancers. FGFR1-specific inhibitors have shown promising results against several human cancers prompting us to model this interesting target. Toward the end, we implemented elaborate ligand-based and structure-based computational workflows to explore the pharmacophoric requirements for potent FGFR-1 inhibitors. Results & methodology: Structure-based and ligand-based modeling applied on 59 diverse FGFR-1 inhibitors yielded novel pharmacophore and quantitative structure-activity relationship models that were used to scan the National Cancer Institute's structural database for novel leads...
September 19, 2016: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Jin Nishino, Miwa Yamazaki, Masanobu Kawai, Kanako Tachikawa, Keiko Yamamoto, Kazuaki Miyagawa, Mikihiko Kogo, Keiichi Ozono, Toshimi Michigami
Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is an extracellular matrix protein involved in phosphate metabolism and biomineralization, and its expression markedly increases during the maturation of osteoblasts into osteocytes. We previously reported that an increased level of inorganic phosphate (Pi) in media up-regulated the expression of Dmp1 in primary osteocytes isolated from mouse bones. In the present study, we found that elevated extracellular Pi strongly induced the expression of Dmp1 in osteoblasts and explored its underlying mechanism of action...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Terence G Hall, Yi Yu, Sudharshan Eathiraj, Yunxia Wang, Ronald E Savage, Jean-Marc Lapierre, Brian Schwartz, Giovanni Abbadessa
Dysregulation of Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor (FGFR) signaling through amplifications, mutations, and gene fusions has been implicated in a broad array of cancers (e.g. liver, gastric, ovarian, endometrial, and bladder). ARQ 087 is a novel, ATP competitive, small molecule, multi-kinase inhibitor with potent in vitro and in vivo activity against FGFR addicted cell lines and tumors. Biochemically, ARQ 087 exhibited IC50 values of 1.8 nM for FGFR2, and 4.5 nM for FGFR1 and 3. In cells, inhibition of FGFR2 auto-phosphorylation and other proteins downstream in the FGFR pathway (FRS2α, AKT, ERK) was evident by the response to ARQ 087 treatment...
2016: PloS One
Milind Javle, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Apurva Jain, Ying Wang, Robin Katie Kelley, Kai Wang, Hyunseon C Kang, Daniel Catenacci, Siraj Ali, Sunil Krishnan, Daniel Ahn, Andrea Grace Bocobo, Mingxin Zuo, Ahmed Kaseb, Vincent Miller, Philip J Stephens, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Rachna Shroff, Jeffrey Ross
BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) typically present at an advanced stage, and systemic chemotherapy is often of limited benefit. METHODS: Hybrid capture-based comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) was performed for 412 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (IHCCAs), 57 extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (EHCCAs), and 85 gallbladder carcinomas (GBCAs). The mutational profile was correlated with the clinical outcome of standard and experimental therapies for 321 patients...
September 13, 2016: Cancer
Daichao Wu, Ming Guo, Michael A Philips, Lingzhi Qu, Longying Jiang, Jun Li, Xiaojuan Chen, Zhuchu Chen, Lin Chen, Yongheng Chen
Aberrant FGFR4 signaling has been documented abundantly in various human cancers. The majority of FGFR inhibitors display significantly reduced potency toward FGFR4 compared to FGFR1-3. However, LY2874455 has similar inhibition potency for FGFR1-4 with IC50 less than 6.4 nM. To date, there is no published crystal structure of LY2874455 in complex with any kinase. To better understand the pan-FGFR selectivity of LY2874455, we have determined the crystal structure of the FGFR4 kinase domain bound to LY2874455 at a resolution of 2...
2016: PloS One
Jianping Wang, Xiaojie Fu, Di Zhang, Lie Yu, Nan Li, Zhengfang Lu, Yufeng Gao, Menghan Wang, Xi Liu, Chenguang Zhou, Wei Han, Bo Yan, Jian Wang
The mechanisms of post-stroke neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) are unclear. However, neural stem cell-intrinsic and neurogenic niche mechanisms, as well as neurotransmitters, have been shown to play important roles in SVZ neurogenesis. Recently, a previously unknown population of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)(+) neurons residing in rodent SVZ were identified to have direct control over neural stem cell proliferation by indirectly activating fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR). This finding revealed possible neuronal control over SVZ neurogenesis...
January 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
Masaaki Hibi, Hiroyasu Kaneda, Junko Tanizaki, Kazuko Sakai, Yosuke Togashi, Masato Terashima, Marco Antonio De Velasco, Yoshihiko Fujita, Eri Banno, Yu Nakamura, Masayuki Takeda, Akihiko Ito, Tetsuya Mitsudomi, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Isamu Okamoto, Kazuto Nishio
Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) gene alterations are relatively frequent in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and are a potential targets for therapy with FGFR inhibitors. However, little is known regarding the clinicopathologic features associated with FGFR alterations. The angiokinase inhibitor nintedanib has shown promising activity in clinical trials for non-small cell lung cancer. We have now applied next-generation sequencing (NGS) to characterize FGFR alterations in LSCC patients as well as examined the antitumor activity of nintedanib in LSCC cell lines positive for FGFR1 copy number gain (CNG)...
September 1, 2016: Cancer Science
Oona Delpuech, Claire Rooney, Lorraine Mooney, Dawn Baker, Robert Shaw, Michael Dymond, Dennis Wang, Pei Zhang, Sarah Cross, Margaret H Veldman-Jones, Joanne Wilson, Barry R Davies, Jonathan R Dry, Elaine Kilgour, Paul D Smith
The challenge of developing effective pharmacodynamic biomarkers for pre-clinical and clinical testing of FGFR signalling inhibition is significant. Assays that rely on the measurement of phospho-protein epitopes can be limited by the availability of effective antibody detection reagents. Transcript profiling enables accurate quantification of many biomarkers and provides a broader representation of pathway modulation. To identify dynamic transcript biomarkers of FGFR signalling inhibition by AZD4547, a potent inhibitor of FGF receptor 1, 2 and 3, a gene expression profiling study was performed in FGFR2 amplified, drug sensitive tumour cell lines...
August 22, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Saori Watanabe Miyano, Yuji Yamamoto, Kotaro Kodama, Yukiko Miyajima, Masaki Mikamoto, Takayuki Nakagawa, Hiroko Kuramochi, Setsuo Funasaka, Satoshi Nagao, Naoko Hata Sugi, Kiyoshi Okamoto, Yukinori Minoshima, Yusuke Nakatani, Yuki Karoji, Isao Ohashi, Yoshinobu Yamane, Toshimi Okada, Tomohiro Matsushima, Junji Matsui, Masao Iwata, Toshimitsu Uenaka, Akihiko Tsuruoka
The fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling pathway has a crucial role in proliferation, survival, and migration of cancer cells, tumor angiogenesis, and drug resistance. FGFR genetic abnormalities, such as gene fusion, mutation, and amplification, have been implicated in several types of cancer. Therefore, FGFRs are considered potential targets for cancer therapy. E7090 is an orally available and selective inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase activities of FGFR1, -2, and -3. In kinetic analyses of the interaction between E7090 and FGFR1 tyrosine kinase, E7090 associated more rapidly with FGFR1 than did the type II FGFR1 inhibitor ponatinib, and E7090 dissociated more slowly from FGFR1, with a relatively longer residence time, than did the type I FGFR1 inhibitor AZD4547, suggesting that its kinetics are more similar to the type V inhibitors, such as lenvatinib...
August 17, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Jennifer J Wheler, Johnique T Atkins, Filip Janku, Stacy L Moulder, Philip J Stephens, Roman Yelensky, Vicente Valero, Vincent Miller, Razelle Kurzrock, Funda Meric-Bernstam
There is limited data on co-expression of FGFR/FGR amplifications and PI3K/ AKT/mTOR alterations in breast cancer. Tumors from patients with metastatic breast cancer referred to our Phase I Program were analyzed by next generation sequencing (NGS). Genomic libraries were selected for all exons of 236 (or 182) cancer-related genes sequenced to average depth of >500× in a CLIA laboratory (Foundation Medicine, Cambridge, MA, USA) and analyzed for all classes of genomic alterations. We report genomic profiles of 112 patients with metastatic breast cancer, median age 55 years (range, 27-78)...
2016: Oncoscience
Wen-Ya Zhou, Hong Zheng, Xiao-Ling Du, Ji-Long Yang
The fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) family plays important roles in regulating cell growth, proliferation, survival, differentiation and angiogenesis. Deregulation of the FGF/FGFR signaling pathway has been associated with multiple development syndromes and cancers, and thus therapeutic strategies targeting FGFs and FGFR in human cancer are currently being explored. However, few studies on the FGF/FGFR pathway have been conducted in sarcoma, which has a poor outcome with traditional treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy...
June 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
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