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Lukasz Krokowicz, Adam Bobkiewicz, Maciej Borejsza-Wysocki, Barbara Kuczynska, Aleksandra Lisowska, Urszula Skowronska-Piekarska, Jacek Paszkowski, Jaroslaw Walkowiak, Michal Drews, Tomasz Banasiewicz
The term constipation with regard to patients with a stoma is defined as impaired bowel movements associated with increased stool consistency or long periods without bowel movements that lead to discomfort, flatulence, and abdominal pain. Information about constipation in patients with a stoma is limited. A prospective, descriptive study was conducted among patients attending ostomy and proctology outpatient clinics in Poznan, Poland between January 2011 and December 2014 to assess the role of dietary and pharmacological strategies in the management of constipation in patients with a stoma...
December 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
Meda Kondolot, Selim Doganay, Cüneyt Turan, Hasim Asil, Didem B Oztop, Caglar Ozdemir
Visceral injuries are not uncommon in nonaccidental trauma and often require emergent operative intervention. However, sometimes it can be difficult to assess the extent of injury. In this report, we present a case of child physical abuse resulting in bladder and rectal perforations, which was initially referred to our hospital as acute abdomen with intraperitoneal free fluid on ultrasonography. An exploratory laparotomy revealed the perforations and surgical repair was performed. The patient was evaluated by the Hospital Child Protective team and it was revealed that bladder and rectum perforations were due to insertion of rolling pin into the rectum by the stepmother...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Thom R Nichols
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the Mental Health Component of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in community-dwelling persons with ostomies residing in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Two thousand three hundred twenty-nine participants completed the survey for a response rate of 14.9% and a margin of error of 2.03%. Study respondents were geographically distributed throughout the United States, representing all 50 states...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Arif Emre, Mehmet Sertkaya, Sami Akbulut, Yakup Duman, Ilhami Taner Kale
Fournier's gangrene, rare but life threatening disease, is characterized by an acute necrotic infection of the scrotum, penis, or perineum. Fournier's gangrene is a mixed infection caused by both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Fournier's gangrene caused by multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii have been reported rarely. The mainstay of treatment is prompt recognition and a combination of antibiotics with radical debridement. We describe a case of a 56-year-old male patient presenting with neglected Fournier's gangrene caused by Acinetobacter baumannii...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
I E Khat'kov, R E Izrailov, S A Domrachev, P V Kononets, M A Koshkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Khirurgiia
D A Khubezov, S N Trushin, K V Puchkov, D K Puchkov, A Yu Ogorel'tsev
AIM: to present the results of treatment of rectal foreign bodies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 15-year outcomes of 112 patients with rectal foreign bodies were analyzed. RESULTS: Outpatient and hospital care were applied in 52 (46%) and 60 (54%) of cases respectively. Transanal removal was made in 97 (87%) patients including 28 (25%) cases of general anaesthesia. 14 (13%) patients underwent surgery. Colostomy was performed in 7 (6%) cases. We presented cases of foreign bodies removal through laparotomy, colotomy and SILS-assisted transanal approach...
2016: Khirurgiia
V I Pomazkin
AIM: to compare long-term results after 2 types of stage management of obstructing colonic cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Main group included 105 patients after staged treatment with decompressive colostomy followed by radical surgery at the second stage. Control group consisted of 115 patients after obstructive colonic resection with colostomy as radical intervention at the first stage; the second stage included reconstructive intervention colostomy removal. RESULTS: Local recurrences were observed in 5...
2016: Khirurgiia
Maurizio Zizzo, Carolina Castro Ruiz, Lara Ugoletti, Alessandro Giunta, Stefano Bonacini, Lorenzo Manzini, Fabrizio Aguzzoli, Alberto Colognesi, Claudio Pedrazzoli
Colonoscopy is one of the most widely used procedures in medical practice for the diagnosis and treatment of many benign and malignant diseases of the colorectal tract. Colonscopy has become the reference procedure for screening and surveillance of colorectal cancer. The overall rate of adverse events is estimated to be about 2.8 per 1,000 procedures, while complications requiring hospitalization are about 1.9 per 1,000 colonoscopies. Mortality from all causes and colonoscopy-specific mortality are estimated to be 0...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Thomas Gryc, Oliver Ott, Florian Putz, Stefan Knippen, Dimitrios Raptis, Rainer Fietkau, Vratislav Strnad
PURPOSE: To analyze the efficacy of a protocol-based brachytherapy (BT) boost after external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with simultaneous chemotherapy in patients with anal carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: About 190 patients have been analyzed. Around 143 patients were identified with a good clinical response at the end of EBRT. Another 47 patients received an additional BT boost to the residual tumor at 6 weeks after end of chemoradiation. RESULTS: The 5-year incidence of local recurrence was 24% in patients with BT boost and 19% in patients without BT boost (p = 0...
October 3, 2016: Brachytherapy
Osama Ibrahim Almosallam, Ali Aseeri, Saud Al Shanafey
BACKGROUND: Colostomy is a common part of the management of high anorectal malformation (ARM) in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the type of colostomy (loop vs divided) has an impact on outcome in patients with ARM. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, a tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who were managed with colostomy for ARM and had definitive repair during the period of January 2000 to December 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Gloria Tun, Dominic Bullas, Ayman Bannaga, Elmuhtady M Said
Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy (PEC) is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure that offers an alternative treatment for high-risk patients with sigmoid volvulus or intestinal pseudo-obstruction who have tried conventional treatment options without success or those who are unfit for surgery. The procedure acts as an irrigation or decompressing channel and provides colonic 'fixation' to the anterior abdominal wall. The risk of complications highlights the importance of informed consent for patients and relatives...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Rajesh Pattebahadur, Shipra Singhi, Prafulla Kumar Maharana
A 7-year-old male child presented with a history of discolouration of right eye since birth. On examination visual acuity was 6/6 on Snellen's chart in both eyes; anterior segment was within normal limits except for the brilliant blue discolouration of the inferior quadrant and superior quadrant of right iris and left eye iris, respectively. Both eyes had a clear lens and fundus findings were within normal limits. A detailed history from parents revealed that the child had difficulty in hearing and slurring of speech...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Senthil Packiasabapathy, Ravindran Chandiran, Ravinder K Batra, Sandeep Agarwala
Mowat-Wilson syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome involving multiple system abnormalities. The most consistently present components include facial deformity, mental retardation, and Hirschsprung disease. We report the anesthetic management of a case of Mowat-Wilson syndrome, with a difficult airway, who underwent Duhamel's procedure and colostomy closure.
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Hui Tao, Praneed Songwathana, Sang-Arun Isaramalai, Qingxi Wang
This study, which is a part of action research, aims to explore how supportive communication can impact individuals' adaptation to a permanent colostomy in a Chinese cultural context. Two Chinese rectal cancer patients with complexity and difficulty in living with a permanent colostomy were selected using a qualitative case study approach. The researcher (H.T.) interacted with the participants along their journey from the preoperative period until the third postoperative month after discharge via face-to-face or telephone interviews...
September 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
Margaret M Monette, Rodney T Harney, Melanie S Morris, Daniel I Chu
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common late complications following stoma construction is prolapse. Although the majority of prolapse can be managed conservatively, surgical revision is required with incarceration/strangulation and in certain cases laparotomy and/or stoma reversal are not appropriate. This report will inform surgeons on safe and effective approaches to revising prolapsed stomas using local techniques. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 58 year old female with an obstructing rectal cancer previously received a diverting transverse loop colostomy...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Louise Foulds
Safeguarding is about the protection of the most vulnerable people in our society. This article presents a case history of the author's experience of a patient with a colostomy and high-output abdominal fistula, who was involved in a safeguarding alert. It explores the roles and responsibilities of nurses, regardless of specialty, to increase their awareness, understanding and knowledge of safeguarding, and the processes in place to protect the most vulnerable people they care for.
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Anna Boyles, Sharon Hunt
It is estimated that around one in 500 people in the UK are living with a stoma, with approximately 21 000 operations that result in stoma formation being performed each year ( Colostomy Association, 2016 ). These people face a unique set of challenges in maintaining the integrity of their peristomal skin. This article explores the normal structure and function of skin and how the care and management of a stoma presents challenges for maintaining peristomal skin health. Particular focus is paid to the incidence of skin problems for those living with a stoma, whether it is temporary or permanent, and the factors that contribute to skin breakdown in this population...
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Gavish K Awotar, Fuwen Luo, Zhengdong Zhao, Guoxin Guan, Shili Ning, Jinshuai Ren, Yaqing Liu, Guangzhi Wang, Pixu Liu
BACKGROUND: The cancer of the splenic flexure of the colon is a rare medical entity with severe morbidity because of its insidious onset. METHODS: We present the case of a 59-year-old male patient with dull left upper quadrant pain, leukocytosis, and anemia. A splenic abscess described as an air-fluid level with splenocolic fistula was found on CT scan imaging. Surgery was done for splenic pus drainage. He was again admitted 2 months later for intestinal obstruction...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chris Braumann, Verena Müller, Moritz Knies, Birgit Aufmesser, Wolfgang Schwenk, Gerold Koplin
BACKGROUND: Although ostomies are sometimes necessary, it is unclear which type of ostomy is advantageous for quality of life (QoL). In an observational study of 2647 patients, QoL after colostomy (CS) and small bowel stoma (SBS) formation was evaluated. METHODS: The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)-QLQ-C30 and CR-38 questionnaires were used. Patient characteristics, retrospective information about the ostomy and previous treatments, and current stoma-related complications were recorded...
September 22, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Ken Imaizumi, Shigenori Homma, Tadashi Yoshida, Tatsushi Shimokuni, Hideyasu Sakihama, Norihiko Takahashi, Hideki Kawamura, Emi Takakuwa, Akinobu Taketomi
BACKGROUND: The incidence of axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM) of colon cancer is very low, and there have been only a few reports of solitary ALNM. Neither the mechanism involved in solitary colon cancer ALNM nor the proper treatment has been elucidated. We encountered a case of solitary left ALNM after curative resection of carcinoma at the colostomy site. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old man underwent a Hartmann's operation for Hirschsprung disease during his adolescence...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
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