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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447967/management-of-colovesical-and-colovaginal-diverticular-fistulas-our-experience-and-literature-reviewed
#1
Tommaso Marcucci, Sandro Giannessi, Francesco Giudici, Sara Riccadonna, Agnese Gori, Francesco Tonelli
AIM: This study aims evaluate the effectiveness of various surgical techniques in treating diverticular fistulas, and the safety and efficacy of the laparoscopic procedure comparing our results with those of the literature. MATERIAL OF STUDY: This was a prospective and uncontrolled study performed at a general surgery units. Between 2005 and 2011, 16 patients (11 men, 5 women) underwent surgery for diverticular fistulas. The mean age was 70.2 (range, 35-87) years...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440526/-application-of-three-stitch-preventive-transverse-colostomy-in-anterior-resection-of-low-rectal-cancer
#2
Yuzhou Zhao, Guangsen Han, Mingke Huo, Li Wei, Qiyun Zou, Yuji Zhang, Jian Li, Yanhui Gu, Yanghui Cao, Shijia Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy in anterior resection of low rectal cancer. METHOD: From May 2015 to March 2016, 70 consecutive low rectal cancer patients undergoing anterior resection and preventive transverse colostomy in our department were recruited in this prospective study. According to the random number table method, 70 patients were divided into three-stitch transverse colostomy group(observation group, n=35) and traditional transverse colostomy group(control group, n=35)...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424067/preventing-parastomal-hernias-with-systematic-intraperitoneal-specifically-designed-mesh
#3
Raquel Conde-Muíño, José-Luis Díez, Alberto Martínez, Francisco Huertas, Inmaculada Segura, Pablo Palma
BACKGROUND: Parastomal hernia is a very common complication after stoma formation. Current surgical techniques for repairing parastomal hernia have unsatisfactory results. We aim to assess our preliminary experience with prophylactic mesh placement at the time of stoma formation. METHODS: Data were prospectively recorded. A specifically designed mesh made of polyvinyl fluoride with central conduit (Dynamesh IPST®) was fixed using an intra-peritoneal onlay technique...
April 19, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413307/laparoscopic-assisted-anorectoplasty-a-single-center-experience
#4
Rajamani Gurusamy, S Vijay Raj, Raghul Maniam, S R Regunandan
AIM: To assess the modifications in the technique of laparoscopic-assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) practiced at our institute and to analyze the postoperative outcome and associated complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was done to analyze the results for LAARP procedure done for high anorectal malformations (ARMs) from January 2001 to May 2016. A total of 68 patients had undergone LAARP, with 62 male and 6 female children. Staged procedure was done in 55 patients and one child with rectovestibular fistula of 5 months of age had a single-stage procedure...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413302/primary-definitive-procedure-versus-conventional-three-staged-procedure-for-the-management-of-low-type-anorectal-malformation-in-females-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Alisha Gupta, Sandeep Agarwala, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Madhur Srinivas, Veereshwar Bhatnagar
INTRODUCTION: Females with Krickenbeck low-type anorectal malformations - vestibular fistula (VF) and perineal fistula (PF) - are managed either by a primary definitive or conventional three-staged approach. Ultimate outcome in these children may be affected by wound dehiscence leading to healing by fibrosis. Most of the literature favors one approach over other based on retrospective analysis of their outcomes. Whether a statistically significant difference in wound dehiscence rates between these approaches exists needed to be seen...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413301/anorectal-malformations-in-males-pros-and-cons-of-neonatal-versus-staged-reconstruction-for-high-and-intermediate-varieties
#6
Prema Menon, Katragadda Lakshmi Narasimha Rao, Amit Kumar Sinha, K Lokesha, Ram Samujh, Jai Kumar Mahajan, Ravi Prakash Kanojia, Monika Bawa
BACKGROUND: High and intermediate types of anorectal malformations (ARMs) in male neonates may be managed either by primary neonatal reconstruction without colostomy cover or by traditional policy of staged reconstruction after neonatal colostomy. Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is the current widely practiced reconstructive technique with varied results. AIM: To assess our functional results of PSARP without colostomy in male neonates with high and intermediate ARMs compared to 3-stage (neonatal colostomy - PSARP - colostomy closure) methodology in a high volume tertiary care institution of a developing country...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413300/anorectal-agenesis-with-rectovaginal-fistula-a-rare-regional-variant
#7
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Partap Singh Yadav, Shalu Shah, Rajiv Chadha
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The anatomical types of female anorectal malformation (ARM) are complex and include several rare and regional variants. The aim of this report is to highlight the diagnosis and management of cases of anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula (RVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of cases of RVF who underwent definitive surgery between November 2000 and September 2016 in a single institution. RESULTS: Of the 244 female patients with anorectal anomalies treated in our institution over a 16-year period, there were 15 cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis giving it an incidence of 6%...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408327/morbidity-and-mortality-after-surgery-for-nonmalignant-colorectal-polyps
#8
Anne F Peery, Nicholas J Shaheen, Katherine S Cools, Todd H Baron, Mark Koruda, Joseph A Galanko, Ian S Grimm
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite evidence that most non-malignant colorectal polyps can be managed endoscopically, a substantial proportion of patients with a non-malignant colorectal polyp are still sent to surgery. Risks associated with this surgery are not well characterized. We aimed to describe 30-day post-operative morbidity and mortality and to explore risk factors for adverse events in patients undergoing surgical resection for non-malignant colorectal polyps. METHODS: We analyzed data collected prospectively as part of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
April 10, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403342/tissue-sulfomucin-and-sialomucin-content-in-colon-mucosa-without-intestinal-transit-subjected-to-intervention-with-curcuma-longa-curcumin
#9
Antonio José Tiburcio Alves, José Aires Pereira, Adrieli Heloísa Campardo Pansani, Daniela Oliveira Magro, Cláudio Saddy Rodrigues Coy, Carlos Augusto Real Martinez
Purpose: To measure the tissue sulfomucin and sialomucin content of the colon mucosa without fecal flow, subjected to intervention with curcumin, and the influence of the concentration used and the intervention time. Methods: Thirty-six rats were subjected to proximal right colostomy and distal mucous fistula. They were divided into two groups according to whether sacrifice was performed two or four weeks after the intervention. Each group was divided into three subgroups according to the enema applied daily: saline alone; curcumin at 50 mg/kg/day or curcumin at 200 mg/kg/day...
March 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403316/educational-video-as-a-healthcare-education-resource-for-people-with-colostomy-and-their-families
#10
Angélica Dalmolin, Nara Marilene Oliveira Girardon-Perlini, Larissa de Carli Coppetti, Gabriela Camponogara Rossato, Joseila Sonego Gomes, Maria Elizete Nunes da Silva
Objective: To know the perceptions of participants in a support group for people with colostomy on the use of video as a resource for health education. Method: Qualitative research with 16 participants in a support group for people with colostomy in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected in April and May of 2016, through a focus group, and subjected to the thematic analysis proposed by Minayo. Results: The results led to three categories: care and self-care are learned alone: the lived reality; health education and learning through educational video: perceived opportunities; the singularities of the educational video from the viewpoint of people with colostomy and their families...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399874/early-closure-of-defunctioning-stoma-increases-complications-related-to-stoma-closure-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-and-low-anterior-resection-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer
#11
Tzu-Chieh Yin, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Ping-Fu Yang, Wei-Chih Su, Cheng-Jen Ma, Ching-Wen Huang, Ming-Yii Huang, Chun-Ming Huang, Jaw-Yuan Wang
BACKGROUND: After a low anterior resection, creating a defunctioning stoma is vital for securing the anastomosis in low-lying rectal cancer patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Although it decreases the complication and reoperation rates associated with anastomotic leakage, the complications that arise before and after stoma closure should be carefully evaluated and managed. METHODS: This study enrolled 95 rectal cancer patients who received neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy and low anterior resection with anastomosis of the bowel between July 2010 and November 2012...
April 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391777/remarkable-response-to-fluorouracil-leucovorin-oxaliplatin-and-irinotecan-therapy-in-urothelial-cancer-of-the-renal-pelvis-a-case-report
#12
Takuya Tsujino, Kiyoshi Takahara, Tomohisa Matsunaga, Yuki Yoshikawa, Tomoaki Takai, Taizo Uchimoto, Kenkichi Saito, Naoki Tanda, Hajime Hirano, Hayahito Nomi, Naokazu Ibuki, Teruo Inamoto, Haruhito Azuma
BACKGROUND: No standard chemotherapy regimen for advanced urothelial cancer has been established, except for cisplatin-based regimens. We report the case of a patient with double primary cancer, urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract and colorectal cancer, who underwent oxaliplatin-based chemotherapies. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old Japanese man presented to our hospital with the diagnosis of a left renal pelvic tumor and rectal cancer. Several examinations including ureteroscopic biopsy and computed tomography-guided biopsy were performed; however, the diagnosis of renal pelvic cancer could not be made...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386507/an-unusual-case-of-resistant-hypokalaemia-in-a-patient-with-large-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-prostate
#13
Umasankar Mathuram Thiyagarajan, A Ponnuswamy, A Bagul, A Gupta
Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Prostate (NECP) is rare and only few cases have been reported, constituting less than 0.5% of prostatic malignancies. We report a rare case of large bowel obstruction from NECP posing a further challenge in management due to resistant hypokalaemia. A 70-year-old man presented with clinical signs of large bowel obstruction who was known to have prostatic carcinoma three years ago, treated initially with hormone therapy then chemoradiation. The blood profile showed a severe hypokalaemia and CT scan revealed liver and lung metastases apart from confirming large bowel obstruction from local invasion of NECP...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377888/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-did-you-search-for-lysosomal-storage-diseases
#14
J Politei, C Durand, A B Schenone, A Torres, J Mukdsi, B L Thurberg
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction results in clinical manifestations that resemble intestinal obstruction but in the absence of any physical obstructive process. Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease characterized by the dysfunction of multiple systems, including significant gastrointestinal involvement. We report the occurrence of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in two unrelated patients with Fabry disease and the possible explanation of a direct relation of these two disorders. In Fabry disease, gastrointestinal symptoms occur in approximately 70% of male patients, but the frequency ranges from 19% to 69% in different series...
June 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368260/clinical-endpoints-in-trials-of-chemoradiation-for-patients-with-anal-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Robert Glynne-Jones, Richard Adams, Andre Lopes, Helen Meadows
This Review examines the reporting of endpoints in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of radical chemoradiation for treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the anus. The types, frequency, and definitions of clinical primary and secondary endpoints, and patient-reported outcome measures, reported in the methods and results sections of papers (and protocols, if available) were examined. Only six published RCTs comprising 2877 patients were identified. Primary outcome measures varied across the trials analysed: two used disease-free survival, one used progression-free survival, two used local failure, and one used colostomy-free survival...
April 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366562/traumatic-colorectal-injuries-in-children-the-national-trauma-database-experience
#16
Pamela M Choi, Michael Wallendorf, Martin S Keller, Adam M Vogel
PURPOSE: We sought to utilize a nationwide database to characterize colorectal injuries in pediatric trauma. METHODS: The National Trauma Database (NTDB) was queried for all patients (age≤14years) with colorectal injuries from 2013 to 2014. We stratified patients by demographics and measured outcomes. We analyzed groups based on mechanism, colon vs rectal injury, as well as colostomy creation. Statistical analysis was conducted using t-test and ANOVA for continuous variables as well as chi-square for continuous variables...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338162/-risk-factor-analysis-of-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-after-anal-sphincter-preserving-surgery-for-rectal-carcinoma
#17
Fan Liu, Peng Guo, Zhanlong Shen, Zhidong Gao, Shan Wang, Yingjiang Ye
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) after anal sphincter preserving surgery (SPS) for rectal cancer patients. METHODS: Clinicopathological and follow-up data of rectal cancer patients who underwent SPS from January 2010 to June 2014 in Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients receiving permanent colostomy and local resection were excluded...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329876/underwater-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-complete-r0-removal-of-a-residual-adenoma-at-a-perforated-scar-in-a-patient-with-colostomy
#18
Kazuya Hosotani, Kenichiro Imai, Kinichi Hotta, Sayo Ito, Hiroyuki Ono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323788/traumatic-colon-injury-in-damage-control-laparotomy-a-multicenter-trial-is-it-safe-to-do-a-delayed-anastomosis
#19
Leah Carey Tatebe, Andrew Jennings, Ken Tatebe, Alexandra Handy, Purvi Prajapati, Michael Smith, Tai Do, Gerald O Ogola, Rajesh R Gandhi, Therese M Duane, Stephen Luk, Laura Bruce Petrey
BACKGROUND: Delayed colonic anastomosis after damage control laparotomy (DCL) is an alternative to colostomies during a single laparotomy (SL) in high-risk patients. However, literature suggests increased colonic leak rates up to 27% with DCL, and various reported risk factors. We evaluated our regional experience to determine if delayed colonic anastomosis was associated with worse outcomes. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study was performed across three Level I trauma centers encompassing traumatic colon injuries from January 2006 through June 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321992/risk-factors-for-parastomal-hernia-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#20
Keita Kojima, Takatoshi Nakamura, Takeo Sato, Yasumi Matsubara, Masanori Naito, Keishi Yamashita, Masahiko Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to identity risk factors for parastomal hernia occurring after abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: The study group was comprised of 158 patients with rectal cancer who underwent abdominoperineal resection in our department from January 1990 through December 2014. Twelve variables were studied as risk factors for parastomal hernia. RESULTS: Parastomal hernia developed in 27 patients, including 19 patients who underwent colostomy creation via an intraperitoneal route and 8 patients who underwent colostomy creation via an extraperitoneal route...
March 21, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
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