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hemorrhage and pregnancy

Rajesh Kumari, Venus Dalal, Garima Kachhawa, Ipshita Sahoo, Rajesh Khadgawat, Reeta Mahey, Vidushi Kulshrestha, Perumal Vanamail, J B Sharma, Neerja Bhatla, Alka Kriplani
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a carbohydrate intolerance first diagnosed in pregnancy and may be associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcome. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the maternal and perinatal outcome in GDM during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective analysis of women diagnosed with GDM who got antenatal care and delivered in our hospital in previous 5 years...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Kyle K Jensen, Karen Y Oh, Anne M Kennedy, Roya Sohaey
Intrauterine linear echogenicity (ILE) is a common ultrasonographic finding in the gravid uterus and has variable causes and variable maternal and fetal outcomes. Correctly categorizing ILE during pregnancy is crucial for guiding surveillance and advanced imaging strategies. Common causes of ILE include membranes in multiple gestations, uterine synechiae with amniotic sheets, and uterine duplication anomalies. Less common causes include circumvallate placenta, chorioamniotic separation, and hemorrhage between membranes...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Abigail R Koch, Pamela T Roesch, Caitlin E Garland, Stacie E Geller
CONTEXT: Severe maternal morbidity (SMM) rates in the United States more than doubled between 1998 and 2010. Advanced maternal age and chronic comorbidities do not completely explain the increase in SMM or how to effectively address it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have called for facility-level multidisciplinary review of SMM for potential preventability and have issued implementation guidelines. IMPLEMENTATION: Within Illinois, SMM was identified as any intensive or critical care unit admission and/or 4 or more units of packed red blood cells transfused at any time from conception through 42 days postpartum...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jaimin S Shah, Susan Hosseini Nasab, Neil Chappell, Han-Yang Chen, Amy Schutt, Hector Mendez-Figueroa
PURPOSE: To investigate whether twin pregnancies conceived by different forms of fertility treatments are associated with adverse neonatal outcomes and to examine the difference in maternal and obstetrical characteristics between patients. METHODS: Our study was a retrospective analysis of twin pregnancies conceived by fertility treatments from a prospectively collected database. Treatments were stratified into two groups: group 1 (ART) consisted of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and group 2 (non-ART) included intrauterine insemination (IUI) and ovulation induction (OI)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Mark H Yazer, Nancy M Dunbar, Claudia Cohn, Jessica Dillon, Howida Eldib, Bryon Jackson, Richard Kaufman, Michael F Murphy, Kerry O'Brien, Jay S Raval, Jansen Seheult, Julie Staves, Jonathan H Waters
BACKGROUND: Bleeding emergencies can complicate pregnancies. Understanding the disposition of the products that are issued in this clinical setting can help inform inventory levels at hospitals where obstetric patients are seen. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients who had an obstetric hemorrhage of any etiology between January 2013 and June 2017, and whose resuscitation began with uncrossmatched red blood cells (RBCs) or emergency-issued plasma or platelets (PLT), were included...
March 7, 2018: Transfusion
B Vaňková, J Březina, S Pánková
OBJECTIVE: Diagnostics and solution to a case of subarachnoid hemorrhagie in a pregnant woman. Description of a subarachnoid hemmorage case in week 13 of pregnancy and pointing out to the insidiousness anamnestic examination. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Uherskohradišťská nemocnice a.s. CASE REPORT: The patient history describes a case of a 31-year-old hypertensive woman in week 38 of pregnancy, who experienced a complication during her pregnancy...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Clara Elisa Frare de Avelar Teixeira, Angélica de Fátima de Assunção Braga, Franklin Sarmento da Silva Braga, Vanessa Henriques Carvalho, Rafael Miranda da Costa, Giselle Ioná Teixeira Brighenti
INTRODUCTION: Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome is a rare congenital vascular disease characterized by cutaneous hemangiomas, varicosities, and limb asymmetry, which may evolve with coagulation disorders and hemorrhage as more frequent complications in pregnant patients. Pregnancy is not advised in women with this syndrome due to increased obstetric risk. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 29 years old, 99kg, 167cm, BMI 35.4kg.m-2 , physical status ASA III, with 27 weeks of gestational age and diagnosis of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome...
March 2, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Víctor Lago Leal, Loida Pamplona Bueno, Lucía Cabanillas Vilaplana, Estefanía Nicolás Montero, Mónica Martín Blanco, Cristina Fernández Romero, Sara El Bakkali, Tamara Pradillo Aramendi, Lara Sobrino Lorenzano, Paula Castellano Esparza, Esther Ballesteros Benito, Nieves Rayo Navarro, Pablo Del Barrio Fernández, Vanesa Ocaña Martínez, Luis Martínez Cortés
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short and medium-term effects of milking maneuver (MM) compared with early cord clamping for infants born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 138 infants between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks of gestation were allocated to MM or early cord clamping. Primary outcomes were the requirement of red blood cell transfusions or phototherapy. RESULTS: Initial hemoglobin was significantly higher in the MM group by 1.675 g/dL (p < 0...
March 5, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Eun Jung Jung, Hwa Jin Cho, Jung Mi Byun, Dae Hoon Jeong, Kyung Bok Lee, Moon Su Sung, Ki Tae Kim, Young Nam Kim
INTRODUCTION: Placenta previa is a condition in which the placenta implants in the poorly vascularized lower uterine segment, which may result in inadequate uteroplacental perfusion, in turn, adversely affect the neonatal outcome. Abnormal placentation may also lead to severe postpartum hemorrhage as placenta separation proceeds. We aimed to evaluate the differences in placental histopathology and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated with placenta previa and controls. METHOD: We undertook a retrospective case-control study of 93 pregnancies with placenta previa and 81 controls between 2011 and 2017...
March 2018: Placenta
Zeynep Dadaci, Cengiz Kadiyoran, Mustafa Golen, Hilal Akay Cizmecioglu
The authors report a 35-year-old woman who presented 1 month after delivery with the complaint of pain behind her left eye which started during her pregnancy. The patient described increased fullness with dependent head position and pain on left gaze but she had no proptosis and her ocular examination was normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an intraconal mass with inhomogeneous contrast enhancement. As the authors did not suspect malignity and her ocular examination was normal without any signs of inflammation, the authors followed the patient closely...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Saeed Baradwan, Dina Shafi, Amira Baradwan, Muhammad Salman Bashir, Dania Al-Jaroudi
Background: Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis anatomically restores the uterine cavity in cases of Asherman's syndrome (AS); however, the extent of endometrial fibrosis could determine the pregnancy outcome. Objectives: To determine whether endometrial thickness could influence pregnancy outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in women with a history of AS. Subjects and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study that included 41 women who attended Women's Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City from December 2008 to December 2015, presented with a history of infertility or recurrent pregnancy loss, and were diagnosed with intrauterine adhesions and treated by hysteroscopic adhesiolysis...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Reinhard Dettmeyer, Juliane Lang, Rainer Amberg, Barbara Zedler, Ronald Schulz, Christoph Birngruber
Background: Pregnancy-associated deaths are extremely rare in Germany. Most deaths are from natural causes, and a range of causes are possible. Method: The deaths of 22 women who died of pregnancy-associated causes and who were autopsied in the Institute of Forensic Medicine of Justus-Liebig University Gießen between 1992 and 2016 were analyzed. Results: The autopsy results and histological examinations for the majority of women who died of pregnancy-associated causes between 1992 and 2016 showed that they had died of natural causes, although complications of pregnancy were a leading cause of death...
February 2018: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Luis C Ascanio, Georgios A Maragkos, Brett C Young, Myles D Boone, Ekkehard M Kasper
Stroke in pregnant women has a mortality rate of 1.4 deaths per 100,000 deliveries. Vascular malformations are the most common cause of hemorrhagic stroke in this population; preeclampsia and other risk factors have been identified. However, nearly a quarter of strokes have an undeterminable cause. Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is less frequent but results in significant morbidity. The main objective of this study is to review the literature on pregnant patients who had a spontaneous ICH. A systematic review of the literature was conducted on PubMed and the Cochrane library from January 1992 to September 2016 following the PRISMA guidelines...
February 23, 2018: Neurocritical Care
Ranit Hizkiyahu, Anat Rabinovich, Jecko Thachil, Eyal Sheiner, Gad Shaked, Gilbert Sebbag, Eli Maymon, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVES: Liver rupture and hematoma are rare life-threatening complications of pregnancy. The aims of the current study are to: (1) characterize in a population-based study all cases of liver hematoma and/or rupture; and (2) validate the utility of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) modified pregnancy specific disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score in those cases. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study including all patients with liver subcapsular hematoma or rupture between the years 1996 and 2012 was conducted...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jürgen Honegger, Sabrina Giese
Pregnancy-related hypophysitis (PR-Hy) that typically occurs during late pregnancy and the early postpartum period is considered an autoimmune disorder. Knowledge and awareness of characteristic clinical symptoms and specific endocrine and neuroradiological features mostly enables a correct diagnosis and guarantees best possible management. In the presence of mild clinical symptoms, a "wait and watch" policy is recommended. Transsphenoidal surgery or glucocorticoid therapy is indicated if progressive clinical signs or severe visual symptoms are observed...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
Julien Delaunois, Géraldo Vaz, Christian Raftopoulos
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Cavernous malformations (CMs) are vascular abnormalities with a hemorrhage risk of 0.2% to 5% per year, according to their location. Brainstem CMs seem to have a greater hemorrhagic risk and represent a neurosurgical challenge. We report here the first transsylvian transuncal (TS-TU) approach for an anteromedial mesencephalic CM resection. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 29-yr-old female suddenly presented a left hemiparesis and central facial paresis with a diplopia in the upward gaze...
March 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Caixia Zhu, Malie Wang, Gang Niu, Juan Yang, Zilian Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate obstetric outcomes in twin pregnancies of advanced maternal age (≥35 years). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study involved 470 twin pregnancies in a single center from Sep. 1, 2012 to Mar. 31, 2015. Clinical characteristics and obstetric outcomes were recorded and compared among twin pregnancies who were classified as follows: age 20-29, 30-34, 35-39 and ≥40 years. RESULTS: The incidence of gestational diabetes (age 20-29 years 15...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Kenji Imai, Tomomi Kotani, Tomoko Nakano, Takafumi Ushida, Akihiro Hirakawa, Fumitaka Kikkawa
OBJECTIVE: To identify any correlation between the maternal protein S (PS) activity, which decreases spontaneously during normal pregnancy, and the pregnancy outcome, especially the amount of bleeding during caesarean section (CS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 129 pregnant women who received elective CS at our hospital which is a tertiary perinatal center. The relationship between the amount of intraoperative hemorrhage and PS activity was estimated by simple linear regression...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Wilson Kwong, George Tomlinson, Denice S Feig
OBJECTIVE: Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a number of adverse obstetrical outcomes, including gestational diabetes, macrosomia and preeclampsia. There is increasing evidence that bariatric surgery may decrease the risk of these outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the benefits and risks of bariatric surgery in obese women on obstetrical outcomes. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search using MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science and PubMed from inception up to December 12, 2016...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Qiu-Yue Zhong, Bizu Gelaye, Jordan W Smoller, Paul Avillach, Tianxi Cai, Michelle A Williams
OBJECTIVE: The effects of suicidal behavior on obstetric outcomes remain dangerously unquantified. We sought to report on the risk of adverse obstetric outcomes for US women with suicidal behavior at the time of delivery. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of delivery hospitalizations from 2007-2012 National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample. From the same hospitalization record, International Classification of Diseases codes were used to identify suicidal behavior and adverse obstetric outcomes...
2018: PloS One
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