keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transition to residency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139476/detection-of-hiv-1-specific-gastrointestinal-tissue-resident-cd8-t-cells-in-chronic-infection
#1
Brenna E Kiniry, Shengbin Li, Anupama Ganesh, Peter W Hunt, Ma Somsouk, Pamela J Skinner, Steven G Deeks, Barbara L Shacklett
Tissue-resident memory (TRM) CD8(+) T-cells are non-recirculating, long-lived cells housed in tissues that can confer protection against mucosal pathogens. Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) is a mucosal pathogen and the gastrointestinal tract is an important site of viral pathogenesis and transmission. Thus, CD8(+) TRM cells may be an important effector subset for controlling HIV-1 in mucosal tissues. This study sought to determine the abundance, phenotype, and functionality of CD8(+) TRM cells in the context of chronic HIV-1 infection...
November 15, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132688/temporal-trends-in-outpatient-management-of-incident-pulmonary-embolism-and-associated-mortality
#2
Adi J Klil-Drori, Janie Coulombe, Samy Suissa, Andrew Hirsch, Vicky Tagalakis
INTRODUCTION: In clinical trial settings, outpatient management of pulmonary embolism (PE) is feasible and safe, but less is known on its use in routine care. We determined trends in outpatient management of PE and associated mortality in a large non-select patient population. METHODS: All residents of Quebec, Canada with a first-ever work-up for suspected PE in the emergency department (ED) over 10years were included. Patients could transition to outpatient management and from unconfirmed to confirmed PE in a time-varying fashion...
November 6, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132645/assessing-the-16-hour-intern-shift-limit-results-of-a-multi-center-mixed-methods-study-of-residents-and-faculty-in-general-surgery
#3
James E Coverdill, Adnan Alseidi, David C Borgstrom, Daniel L Dent, Russell Dumire, Jonathan Fryer, Thomas H Hartranft, Steven B Holsten, M Timothy Nelson, Mohsen M Shabahang, Stanley R Sherman, Paula M Termuhlen, Randy J Woods, John D Mellinger
BACKGROUND: The study explores how residents and faculty assess the ACGME's 16-h limit on intern shifts. METHODS: Questionnaire response rates were 76% for residents (N = 291) and 71% for faculty (N = 279) in 13 general surgery residency programs. Results include means, percentage in agreement, and statistical tests for 15 questionnaire items. Semi-structured interviews conducted with 39 residents and 43 faculty were analyzed for main themes. RESULTS: Few view the intern shift limit as a positive change...
November 4, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129532/idiosyncratic-genome-degradation-in-a-bacterial-endosymbiont-of-periodical-cicadas
#4
Matthew A Campbell, Piotr Łukasik, Chris Simon, John P McCutcheon
When a free-living bacterium transitions to a host-beneficial endosymbiotic lifestyle, it almost invariably loses a large fraction of its genome [1, 2]. The resulting small genomes often become stable in size, structure, and coding capacity [3-5], as exemplified by Sulcia muelleri, a nutritional endosymbiont of cicadas. Sulcia's partner endosymbiont, Hodgkinia cicadicola, similarly remains co-linear in some cicadas diverged by millions of years [6, 7]. But in the long-lived periodical cicada Magicicada tredecim, the Hodgkinia genome has split into dozens of tiny, gene-sparse circles that sometimes reside in distinct Hodgkinia cells [8]...
November 2, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127916/laparoscopic-management-of-a-small-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-elipse-intragastric-balloon-migration-a-case-report
#5
Saud Al-Subaie, Hamad Al-Barjas, Salman Al-Sabah, Saud Al-Helal, Ashraf Alfakharani, Salah Termos
INTRODUCTION: The Elipse™ intragastric balloon (IGB) for weight loss is a swallowable capsule that is filled with 550mL of fluid and resides in the stomach for four months before being excreted from the gastrointestinal tract. Although initial data showed that use of this device is safe and free from serious complications, we report for the first time the successful management of an Elipse™ IGB-related adverse event. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 41-year-old woman presented to our emergency department following two days of abdominal pain, vomiting, and constipation...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118713/corticotropin-releasing-factor-in-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-in-socially-defeated-and-non-stressed-mice-with-a-history-of-chronic-alcohol-intake
#6
Lucas Albrechet-Souza, Thiago W Viola, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Klaus A Miczek, Rosa M M de Almeida
Stress exposure has been identified as one risk factor for alcohol abuse that may facilitate the transition from social or regulated use to the development of alcohol dependence. Preclinical studies have shown that dysregulation of the corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) neurotransmission has been implicated in stress-related psychopathologies such as depression and anxiety, and may affect alcohol consumption. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) contains CRF-producing neurons which seem to be sensitive to stress...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115955/health-financing-and-integration-of-urban-and-rural-residents-basic-medical-insurance-systems-in-china
#7
Kun Zhu, Luying Zhang, Shasha Yuan, Xiaojuan Zhang, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: China is in the process of integrating the new cooperative medical scheme (NCMS) and the urban residents' basic medical insurance system (URBMI) into the urban and rural residents' basic medical insurance system (URRBMI). However, how to integrate the financing policies of NCMS and URBMI has not been described in detail. This paper attempts to illustrate the differences between the financing mechanisms of NCMS and URBMI, to analyze financing inequity between urban and rural residents and to identify financing mechanisms for integrating urban and rural residents' medical insurance systems...
November 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111647/insulator-to-metal-transition-at-oxide-interfaces-induced-by-wo3-overlayers
#8
Giordano Mattoni, David J Baek, Nicola Manca, Nils Verhagen, Dirk Groenendijk, Lena F Kourkoutis, Alessio Filippetti, Andrea D Caviglia
Interfaces between complex oxides constitute a unique playground for two-dimensional electron systems (2DES), where superconductivity and magnetism can arise from combinations of bulk insulators. The 2DES at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface is one of the most studied in this regard, and its origin is determined by the polar field in LaAlO3 as well as by the presence of point defects, like oxygen vacancies and intermixed cations. These defects usually reside in the conduction channel and are responsible for a decrease of the electronic mobility...
November 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110213/correction-to-neuroimmune-response-in-ischemic-preconditioning
#9
Ashley McDonough, Jonathan R Weinstein
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a robust neuroprotective phenomenon in which a brief period of cerebral ischemia confers transient tolerance to subsequent ischemic challenge. Research on IPC has implicated cellular, molecular, and systemic elements of the immune response in this phenomenon. Potent molecular mediators of IPC include innate immune signaling pathways such as Toll-like receptors and type 1 interferons. Brain ischemia results in release of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines that orchestrate the neuroinflammatory response, resolution of inflammation, and transition to neurological recovery and regeneration...
November 6, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108886/trajectories-over-the-first-year-of-long-term-care-nursing-home-residence
#10
Shuang Li, Addie Middleton, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James S Goodwin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the trajectories in the first year after individuals are admitted to long-term care nursing homes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: US long-term care facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries newly admitted to long-term care nursing homes from July 1, 2012, to December 31, 2013 (N=535,202). MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics were from Medicare data...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108441/driven-to-support-individual-and-county-level-factors-associated-with-public-support-for-active-transportation-policies
#11
Angie L Cradock, Jessica L Barrett, Jamie F Chriqui, Kelly R Evenson, Karin Valentine Goins, Jeanette Gustat, Katie M Heinrich, Cynthia K Perry, Michele Scanze, Thomas L Schmid, Rachel G Tabak, M Renee Umstattd Meyer, Cheryl Valko
PURPOSE: To assess predictors of stated support for policies promoting physically active transportation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: US counties selected on county-level physical activity and obesity health status. PARTICIPANTS: Participants completing random-digit dialed telephone survey (n = 906). MEASURES: Survey measures assessed stated support for 5 policies to promote physically active transportation, access to active transportation facilities, and time spent in a car...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108079/prevalence-and-correlates-of-emergency-contraceptive-use-in-transitional-albania
#12
Dajana Roshi, Salvatore Italia, Genc Burazeri, Helmut Brand
Objectives The two emergency contraceptive drugs ("morning-after pill") ulipristal acetate and levonorgestrel are available without prescription in many European countries. In Albania, ulipristal acetate is not marketed yet and levonorgestrel has still prescription-only status. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and socioeconomic correlates of emergency contraceptive (EMC) use, collect sales figures, and gain information on the women's way of purchasing EMCs in post-communist Albania. Methods For this cross-sectional study, self-administered questionnaires were made accessible to women in Albania in March 2015 by hard copy or online via social networks...
November 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105277/effect-of-human-amniotic-epithelial-cells-on-pro-fibrogenic-resident-hepatic-cells-in-a-rat-model-of-liver-fibrosis
#13
Anna Cargnoni, Serafina Farigu, Ester Cotti Piccinelli, Patrizia Bonassi Signoroni, Pietro Romele, Graziella Vanosi, Ivan Toschi, Valentina Cesari, Luciana Barros Sant'Anna, Marta Magatti, Antonietta R Silini, Ornella Parolini
Myofibroblasts are key fibrogenic cells responsible for excessive extracellular matrix synthesis characterizing the fibrotic lesion. In liver fibrosis, myofibroblasts derive either from activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) and portal fibroblasts (PF), or from the activation of fibroblasts that originate from ductular epithelial cells undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Ductular cells can also indirectly promote myofibroblast generation by activating TGF-β, the main fibrogenic growth factor, through αvβ6 integrin...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103190/factors-related-to-incomplete-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-adolescents-attending-three-hiv-clinics-in-the-copperbelt-zambia
#14
Julie A Denison, Catherine Packer, Randy M Stalter, Harry Banda, Sarah Mercer, Namakau Nyambe, Patrick Katayamoyo, Jonathan K Mwansa, Donna R McCarraher
Little is known about adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, where the majority of the world's HIV-positive adolescents reside. We assessed individual, household, and HIV self-management characteristics associated with a 48-hour treatment gap in the preceding 3 months, and a pharmacy medication possession ratio (MPR) that assessed the number of ART pills dispensed divided by the number of ART pills required in the past 6 months, among 285 Zambians, ages 15-19 years...
November 4, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102879/estimation-of-residential-fine-particulate-matter-infiltration-in-shanghai-china
#15
Xiaodan Zhou, Jing Cai, Yan Zhao, Renjie Chen, Cuicui Wang, Ang Zhao, Changyuan Yang, Huichu Li, Suixin Liu, Junji Cao, Haidong Kan, Huihui Xu
Ambient concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentration is often used as an exposure surrogate to estimate PM2.5 health effects in epidemiological studies. Ignoring the potential variations in the amount of outdoor PM2.5 infiltrating into indoor environments will cause exposure misclassification, especially when people spend most of their time indoors. As it is not feasible to measure the PM2.5 infiltration factor (Finf) for each individual residence, we aimed to build models for residential PM2...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102506/-consumption-of-psychoactive-drugs-and-exposure-to-bacterial-toxins-carried-by-food-a-dangerous-association
#16
Anaïs Corma-Gómez, Rocío López-Sepúlveda, Inés Capitán-Del Río, María Dolores Sánchez Mariscal, Begoña López-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyse from a clinical and epidemiological point of view, a food borne outbreak in a psychiatric institution in Granada, in 2015, and to examine whether treatment with psychoactive drugs constitutes a risk factor for the development of a food borne disease, analysing the degree of susceptibility according to the therapeutic group consumed. METHOD: Ambispective cohort study. Residents were the unit of analysis. Our group carried out an active case search and a food survey...
November 1, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098048/time-is-of-the-essence-an-observational-time-motion-study-of-internal-medicine-residents-while-they-are-on-duty
#17
Cameron W Leafloor, Erin Yiran Liu, Catherine C Code, Heather A Lochnan, Erin Keely, Deanna M Rothwell, Alan J Forster, Allen R Huang
Background: The effects of changes to resident physician duty hours need to be measureable. This time-motion study was done to record internal medicine residents' workflow while on duty and to determine the feasibility of capturing detailed data using a mobile electronic tool. Methods: Junior and senior residents were shadowed by a single observer during six-hour blocks of time, covering all seven days. Activities were recorded in real-time. Eighty-nine activities grouped into nine categories were determined a priori...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096495/li-solvation-and-kinetics-of-li-bf4-pf6-ion-pairs-in-ethylene-carbonate-a-molecular-dynamics-study-with-classical-rate-theories
#18
Tsun-Mei Chang, Liem X Dang
Using our polarizable force-field models and employing classical rate theories of chemical reactions, we examine the ethylene carbonate (EC) exchange process between the first and second solvation shells around Li(+) and the dissociation kinetics of ion pairs Li(+)-[BF4] and Li(+)-[PF6] in this solvent. We calculate the exchange rates using transition state theory and correct them with transmission coefficients computed by the reactive flux, Impey, Madden, and McDonald approaches, and Grote-Hynes theory. We found that the residence times of EC around Li(+) ions varied from 60 to 450 ps, depending on the correction method used...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095374/achieving-drug-and-alcohol-abstinence-among-recently-incarcerated-homeless-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-case-management-with-a-health-promotion-program
#19
Adeline M Nyamathi, Sanghyuk S Shin, Jolene Smeltzer, Benissa E Salem, Kartik Yadav, Maria L Ekstrand, Susan F Turner, Mark Faucette
BACKGROUND: Homeless female ex-offenders (homeless female offenders) exiting jail and prison are at a critical juncture during reentry and transitioning into the community setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of a dialectical behavioral therapy-case management (DBT-CM) program with a health promotion (HP) program on achieving drug and alcohol abstinence among female parolees/probationers residing in the community. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter parallel randomized controlled trial with 130 female parolees/probationers (aged 19-64 years) residing in the community randomly assigned to either DBT-CM (n = 65) or HP (n = 65)...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095215/licensed-vocational-nurse-residency-program-in-primary-care
#20
Deborah Dannemeyer, Cecile Jalandoni, Dawn Vonderheide
This article will explain one organization's experience in developing a licensed vocational nurse residency program in an ambulatory setting, the barriers and challenges, and program outcomes. It outlines results of the program in building competence and confidence for vocational nurses to perform as effective team members in the primary care office setting. Learnings from this experience may be applied to enhance new and transitioning employee orientation and education programs in ambulatory and inpatient settings...
November 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
keyword
keyword
110675
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"