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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215595/the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-non-scarring-alopecia
#1
REVIEW
Agnieszka Gerkowicz, Katarzyna Chyl-Surdacka, Dorota Krasowska, Grażyna Chodorowska
Non-scarring hair loss is a common problem that affects both male and female patients. Since any disturbances in the hair follicle cycle may lead to hair shedding, or alopecia, it is not surprising that the possible role of vitamin D in alopecia was investigated in many studies. Vitamin D has been shown to have many important functions. A growing body of evidence shows that vitamin D and its receptor are responsible for maintaining not only calcium homeostasis but also skin homeostasis. Moreover, vitamin D could also regulate cutaneous innate and adaptive immunity...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208059/associations-of-the-serum-long-chain-n-3-pufa-and-hair-mercury-with-resting-heart-rate-peak-heart-rate-during-exercise-and-heart-rate-recovery-after-exercise-in-middle-aged-men
#2
Behnam Tajik, Sudhir Kurl, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Kai Savonen, Jyrki K Virtanen
Long-chain n-3 PUFA from fish have been associated with lower risk of CVD. Fish may also contain methylmercury, which may attenuate the inverse associations of the long-chain n-3 PUFA. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations are not fully known. We evaluated the associations of the serum long-chain n-3 PUFA (EPA, DPA and DHA) and hair Hg with resting heart rate (HR), peak HR during cycle ergometer exercise and HR recovery after exercise. A total of 1008 men from the population-based Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study, aged 42-60 years and free of CVD, were studied...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200764/various-wavelengths-of-light-emitting-diode-light-regulate-the-proliferation-of-human-dermal-papilla-cells-and-hair-follicles-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-and-the-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-pathways
#3
Hong Jin Joo, Kwan Ho Jeong, Jung Eun Kim, Hoon Kang
Background: The human dermal papilla cells (hDPCs) play an important role in regulation of hair cycling and growth. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different wavelengths of light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation on the proliferation of cultured hDPCs and on the growth of human hair follicles (HFs) in vitro. Methods: We examined the effect of LED irradiation on Wnt/β-catenin signaling and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in hDPCs...
December 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199102/effect-of-repeated-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-administration-on-reproductive-function-and-hair-cortisol-concentration-during-the-estrous-cycle-in-goats
#4
Natsumi Endo, Hiroaki Yamane, Larasati Puji Rahayu, Tomomi Tanaka
Measurement of the cortisol concentration in hair has been used as an index of chronic stress in several species including humans, wildlife and domestic animals. However, how accurately the cortisol concentration in hair reflects the changes in circulating cortisol concentrations has not been well documented. The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of repeated adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) administration on the reproductive function during the estrous cycle and hair cortisol concentrations in goats...
November 30, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186269/aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-overexpression-in-miniaturized-follicles-in-female-pattern-hair-loss
#5
Paulo Müller Ramos, Gabrielli Brianezi, Ana Carolina Pereira Martins, Márcia Guimarães da Silva, Mariângela Esther Alencar Marques, Hélio Amante Miot
The etiopathogenesis of female pattern hair loss is still poorly understood. In addition to genetic and hormonal elements, environmental factors could be involved. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor is expressed in keratinocytes and can be activated by environmental pollutants leading to alterations in the cell cycle, inflammation, and apoptosis. Here we demonstrate the overexpression of nuclear aryl hydrocarbon receptors in miniaturized hair follicles in female pattern hair loss.
May 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177147/exogen-hairs-in-women-with-and-without-hair-loss
#6
Marcella Guarrera, Alfredo Rebora
Contrary to the classical view of the hair cycle, in which telogen is the resting phase that precedes the release of the hair shaft, another phase has been introduced, exogen. Exogen is the phase wherein the processes for the release of the hair shaft are initiated and successfully executed. Exogen ends when the shaft is liberated. Accordingly, human hairs would be preferably released not with telogen but with exogen roots. To better understand this somehow revolutionary point and what occurs in telogen effluvium (TE) and in androgenetic alopecia (AGA), we undertook a morphological study...
October 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174869/expression-characteristics-of-bmp2-bmpr-ia-and-noggin-in-different-stages-of-hair-follicle-in-yak-skin
#7
Liang-Li Song, Yan Cui, Si-Jiu Yu, Peng-Gang Liu, Jun Liu, Xue Yang, Jun-Feng He, Qian Zhang
Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), BMP receptor-IA (BMPR-IA), and the BMP2 antagonist Noggin are important proteins involved in regulating the hair follicle (HF) cycle in skin. In order to explore the expression profiles of BMP2, BMPR-IA, and Noggin in the HF cycle of yak skin, we collected adult yak skin in the telogen, proanagen, and midanagen phases of HFs and evaluated gene and protein expression by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry...
November 22, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163335/alopecia-universalis-following-alemtuzumab-treatment-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-barely-recognized-manifestation-of-secondary-autoimmunity-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Julian Zimmermann, Timo Buhl, Marcus Müller
Secondary autoimmunity is the most frequent adverse event occurring in almost every other alemtuzumab-treated multiple sclerosis patient. We report a case of a patient with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who reported smooth, circular areas of complete hair loss on both thighs 6 months after the second treatment cycle with alemtuzumab. The patient was diagnosed as having alopecia areata (AA). Within 3 months, AA progressed to complete loss of all body hair (alopecia universalis). Current literature rarely connects alemtuzumab with the onset of alopecia of autoimmune origin...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159700/expression-and-distribution-patterns-of-spermine-spermidine-and-putrescine-in-rat-hair-follicle
#9
Yutaro Yamamoto, Takamitsu Makino, Hideo Kudo, Hironobu Ihn, Yasuko Murakami, Senya Matsufuji, Kunio Fujiwara, Masashi Shin
No expression and distribution patterns of polyamines (PAs), spermine, spermidine, and their precursor putrescine in mammalian hair follicle are available, although polyamines are known to correlate well with hair growth and epidermal tumor genesis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) using our original two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) ASPM-29 specific for spermine or spermidine, and APUT-32 specific for putrescine allowed us to detect immunoreactivity for polyamines in hair follicles from normal adult rats. A wide range of immunoreactivity for the total spermine and spermidine was observed in the compartments of hair follicle: The highest degree of immunoreactivity for polyamines was observed in the matrix, in the Huxley's layer, in the deeper Henle's layer, and in the cuticle of the inner root sheath/the hair cuticle, while moderate immunoreactivity existed in the lower-to-mid cortex and the companion layer, followed by lower immunoreactivity in the outer root sheath, including the bulge region and in the deeper medulla, in which the immunoreactivity was also evident in their nuclei...
November 21, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157820/nymphaeol-c-a-prenylflavonoid-from-macaranga-tanarius-suppresses-the-expression-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-18
#10
Kazuki Yoshimura, Takahiro Hosoya, Misa Fujinami, Toshiro Ohta, Shigenori Kumazawa
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor 18 (FGF18) is one of the key factors in human signaling pathways and has been reported to be associated with the formation of various tissues. Additionally, FGF18 has been reported to maintain the telogen stage of the hair cycle, and its over-expression has also been observed in cancer cells. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: We searched for natural compounds that inhibit the expression of FGF18 expression in vitro and evaluated their inhibitory mechanisms...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145270/study-on-the-adverse-effects-following-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-diagnosis-during-pregnancy-the-first-case-report-in-china
#11
Xin Ye, Qi He, Xiaoyun Zhou
RATIONALE: Treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy (BCP) remains a challenge to physicians. Surgery and chemotherapy during pregnancy are widely used for the treatment of BCP. Herein, we reported 3 Chinese patients with BCP who underwent chemotherapy during pregnancy and were followed up for adverse effects. PATIENT CONCERNS: Three female patients (case 1, case 2, and case 3) of 37-, 32-, and 28-year-old with breast masses were enrolled. Case 1 had been pregnant for over 4 months, case 2 over 7 months, and case 3 for 7 months...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143784/primary-cilium-dependent-signaling-mechanisms
#12
REVIEW
Rajasekharreddy Pala, Nedaa Alomari, Surya M Nauli
Primary cilia are hair-like organelles and play crucial roles in vertebrate development, organogenesis, health, and many genetic disorders. A primary cilium is a mechano-sensory organelle that responds to mechanical stimuli in the micro-environment. A cilium is also a chemosensor that senses chemical signals surrounding a cell. The overall function of a cilium is therefore to act as a communication hub to transfer extracellular signals into intracellular responses. Although intracellular calcium has been one of the most studied signaling messengers that transmit extracellular signals into the cells, calcium signaling by various ion channels remains a topic of interest in the field...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129624/women-s-preferences-for-men-s-beards-show-no-relation-to-their-ovarian-cycle-phase-and-sex-hormone-levels
#13
Barnaby J W Dixson, Anthony J Lee, Khandis R Blake, Grazyna Jasienska, Urszula M Marcinkowska
According to the ovulatory shift hypothesis, women's mate preferences for male morphology indicative of competitive ability, social dominance, and/or underlying health are strongest at the peri-ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle. However, recent meta-analyses are divided on the robustness of such effects and the validity of the often-used indirect estimates of fertility and ovulation has been called into question in methodological studies. In the current study, we test whether women's preferences for men's beardedness, a cue of male sexual maturity, androgenic development and social dominance, are stronger at the peri-ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle compared to during the early follicular or the luteal phase...
November 9, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125183/ovarian-surgery-for-symptom-relief-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Sam Lepine, Junyoung Jo, Mostafa Metwally, Ying C Cheong
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition, affecting approximately one in 10 women. PCOS is defined by two of three features: oligo- or anovulation, clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism or both, or polycystic ovaries.Women with PCOS can have a wide range of health problems, including infrequent and irregular periods, unwanted hair growth and acne, and subnormal fertility. Long-term health concerns include an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and the development of precancerous disease of the womb...
November 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123468/a-model-based-approach-for-separating-the-cochlear-microphonic-from-the-auditory-nerve-neurophonic-in-the-ongoing-response-using-electrocochleography
#15
Tatyana E Fontenot, Christopher K Giardina, Douglas C Fitzpatrick
Electrocochleography (ECochG) is a potential clinically valuable technique for predicting speech perception outcomes in cochlear implant (CI) recipients, among other uses. Current analysis is limited by an inability to quantify hair cell and neural contributions which are mixed in the ongoing part of the response to low frequency tones. Here, we used a model based on source properties to account for recorded waveform shapes and to separate the combined signal into its components. The model for the cochlear microphonic (CM) was a sinusoid with parameters for independent saturation of the peaks and the troughs of the responses...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123134/divergent-proliferation-patterns-of-distinct-human-hair-follicle-epithelial-progenitor-niches-in-situ-and-their-differential-responsiveness-to-prostaglandin-d2
#16
Talveen S Purba, Michael Peake, Bessam Farjo, Nilofer Farjo, Ranjit K Bhogal, Gail Jenkins, Ralf Paus
Human scalp hair follicles (hHF) harbour several epithelial stem (eHFSC) and progenitor cell sub-populations organised into spatially distinct niches. However, the constitutive cell cycle activity of these niches remains to be characterized in situ. Therefore, the current study has studied these characteristics of keratin 15+ (K15), CD200+ or CD34+ cells within anagen VI hHFs by immunohistomorphometry, using Ki-67 and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU). We quantitatively demonstrate in situ the relative cell cycle inactivity of the CD200+/K15+ bulge compared to other non-bulge CD34+ and K15+ progenitor compartments and found that in each recognized eHFSC/progenitor niche, proliferation associates negatively with eHFSC-marker expression...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115640/off%C3%A2-target-effect-of-imatinib-and-nilotinib-on-human-vitamin-d3-metabolism
#17
Lysann Kroschwald, Meinolf Suttorp, Josephine Tabea Tauer, Nick Zimmermann, Claudia Günther, Andrea Bauer
Prolonged treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) including imatinib (IMA) or nilotinib (NIL), induces severe disturbances of bone metabolism in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. As vitamin D3 (VD3) is involved in the complex cycle of bone remodelling, the present study investigated in vitro, the influence of IMA and NIL on VD3 metabolism i) in HaCaT cells and ii) in cultured outer root sheath keratinocytes (ORS‑KC) from hair follicles of IMA treated children. Cells were incubated in the presence of IMA or NIL...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115537/lncrna-plncrna%C3%A2-1-regulates-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-hair-follicle-stem-cells-through-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-1%C3%A2-mediated-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-signal-pathway
#18
Yuan Si, Jingzhu Bai, Jiang Wu, Qun Li, You Mo, Ruihua Fang, Wei Lai
The present study demonstrated that hair follicle stem cells (HFSc) have multidirectional differentiation potential and participate in skin wound healing processes. Long non‑coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are defined as non‑protein coding transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides, which are important in the proliferation and differentiation of cells. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of PlncRNA‑1 in the proliferation and differentiation of HFSc. Results revealed that PlncRNA‑1, transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β1, Wnt and β‑catenin expression levels were significantly downregulated in HFSc...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111973/otoferlin-acts-as-a-ca-2-sensor-for-vesicle-fusion-and-vesicle-pool-replenishment-at-auditory-hair-cell-ribbon-synapses
#19
Nicolas Antoine Michalski, Juan D Goutman, Sarah Marie Auclair, Jacques Boutet de Monvel, Margot Tertrais, Alice Emptoz, Alexandre Parrin, Sylvie Nouaille, Marc Guillon, Martin Sachse, Danica Ciric, Amel Bahloul, Jean-Pierre Hardelin, Roger Bryan Sutton, Paul Avan, Shyam S Krishnakumar, James E Rothman, Didier Dulon, Saaid Safieddine, Christine Petit
Hearing relies on rapid, temporally precise, and sustained neurotransmitter release at the ribbon synapses of sensory cells, the inner hair cells (IHCs). This process requires otoferlin, a six C2-domain, Ca(2+)-binding transmembrane protein of synaptic vesicles. To decipher the role of otoferlin in the synaptic vesicle cycle, we produced knock-in mice (Otof(Ala515,Ala517/Ala515,Ala517)) with lower Ca(2+)-binding affinity of the C2C domain. The IHC ribbon synapse structure, synaptic Ca(2+) currents, and otoferlin distribution were unaffected in these mutant mice, but auditory brainstem response wave-I amplitude was reduced...
November 7, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106930/topical-inhibition-of-the-electron-transport-chain-can-stimulate-the-hair-cycle
#20
M Miranda, H Christofk, D L Jones, W E Lowry
While many signaling pathways have been implicated in control of activation of adult hair follicle stem cells and the hair cycle, less is known about cell intrinsic mechanisms of stem cell control. We previously identified lactate production as a key cell intrinsic regulator of hair follicle stem cell activity, suggesting that cellular metabolism is important in stem cell activation. Others have used transgenic methods to suggest that transgenic blockade of the Electron Transport Chain (ETC) leads to degeneration of the hair follicle...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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