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Nutrition in disease inflamation intestinal in children

Ruggiero Francavilla, Fernanda Cristofori, Stefania Castellaneta, Carlo Polloni, Veronica Albano, Stefania Dellatte, Flavia Indrio, Luciano Cavallo, Carlo Catassi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, serologic, and histologic characteristics of children with gluten sensitivity (GS). STUDY DESIGN: We studied 15 children (10 males and 5 females; mean age, 9.6 ± 3.9 years) with GS who were diagnosed based on a clear-cut relationship between wheat consumption and development of symptoms, after excluding celiac disease (CD) and wheat allergy, along with 15 children with active CD (5 males and 10 females; mean age, 9.1 ± 3.1 years) and 15 controls with a functional gastrointestinal disorder (6 males and 9 females; mean age, 8...
March 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
Marjet J A M Braamskamp, Koert M Dolman, Merit M Tabbers
Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is a rare complication of a variety of intestinal disorders characterized by an excessive loss of proteins into the gastrointestinal tract due to impaired integrity of the mucosa. The clinical presentation of patients with PLE is highly variable, depending upon the underlying cause, but mainly consists of edema due to hypoproteinemia. While considering PLE, other causes of hypoproteinemia such as malnutrition, impaired synthesis, or protein loss through other organs like the kidney, liver, or skin, have to be excluded...
October 2010: European Journal of Pediatrics
Ian R Sanderson, Nicholas M Croft
Enteral nutrition has a positive effect on growth in children with active Crohn's disease. The question arises: is this is due only to improved nutrition? Enteral formulas may also directly reduce inflammation, lowering the expression of cytokines like interleukin (IL)-6 that inhibit growth. Four lines of evidence support the hypothesis that enteral formulas directly lessen inflammation: enteral nutrition directly affects the inflamed intestine; changes in inflammatory markers precede repletion of nutrition status; molecular pathways exist linking changes in luminal contents to the expression of class II MHC genes in intestinal epithelium in animal studies; and enteral formulas have a direct effect on cytokine expression by intestinal epithelial cells...
July 2005: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
R B Heuschkel, T T MacDonald, G Monteleone, M Bajaj-Elliott, J A Smith, S L Pender
BACKGROUND: Degradation of the extracellular matrix and ulceration of the mucosa are major features of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). One of the most important enzymes in degrading the matrix and produced in excess by cytokine activated stromal cells, is stromelysin-1. The activity of stromelysin-1 is controlled by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP-1), its natural inhibitor. In model systems excess stromelysin-1 produces mucosal degradation. METHODS: Quantitative competitive RT-PCR was used to analyse stromelysin-1 and TIMP-1 transcripts; western blotting was used to measure the amount of stromelysin-1 and TIMP-1 protein in biopsy samples from children with IBD...
July 2000: Gut
A M Griffiths
Many nutritional issues are important in the care of children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease. No specific dietary toxin or antigen has been identified to have an etiologic role in either ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. A possible modulating effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on intestinal inflammation is being investigated. Most prevalent among the nutritional consequences of inflammatory bowel disease is weight loss, for which inadequate caloric intake is primarily responsible...
October 1998: Nutrition
E J Breese, C A Michie, S W Nicholls, S H Murch, C B Williams, P Domizio, J A Walker-Smith, T T MacDonald
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cytokines are thought to be important in mediating tissue damage in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Many of the in vivo activities of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) match the changes found in IBD, but its importance is controversial. METHODS: A sensitive, reverse hemolytic plaque assay was used to determine the frequency of TNF-alpha secreting cells isolated from mucosal biopsy specimens of children with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis (UC) and non-IBD controls before and after medical treatment...
June 1994: Gastroenterology
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