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aluminium adjuvant

Gro Tunheim, Marianne Arnemo, Lisbeth M Naess, Gunnstein Norheim, Luis Garcia, Daniel Cardoso, Aleida Mandiarote, Domingo Gonzalez, Kalpana Sinnadurai, Åse-Karine Fjeldheim, Karin Bolstad, Einar Rosenqvist
Meningococci (Neisseria meningiditis) of serogroups A and W have caused large epidemics of meningitis in sub-Saharan Africa for decades, and affordable and multivalent vaccines, effective in all age groups, are needed. A bivalent serogroup A and W (A + W) meningococcal vaccine candidate consisting of deoxycholate-extracted outer membrane vesicles (OMV) from representative African disease isolates was previously found to be highly immunogenic in outbred mice when formulated with the adjuvant aluminium hydroxide (AH)...
November 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Dennis Christensen
Novel vaccine strategies include the so-called subunit vaccines, which encompass only the part of the pathogen to which immune recognition results in protection. The high purity of these vaccines make adverse events less likely, but it also makes the vaccines less immunogenic and therefore potentially less effective. Vaccine adjuvants that increase and modulate the immunogenicity of the vaccine are therefore added to solve this problem. Besides aluminium salts, which have been used in vaccines for 90 years, a number of novel vaccine adjuvants have been included in licensed vaccines over the last 30 years...
August 23, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Matthew Mold, Emma Shardlow, Christopher Exley
Aluminium adjuvants remain the most widely used and effective adjuvants in vaccination and immunotherapy. Herein, the particle size distribution (PSD) of aluminium oxyhydroxide and aluminium hydroxyphosphate adjuvants was elucidated in attempt to correlate these properties with the biological responses observed post vaccination. Heightened solubility and potentially the generation of Al(3+) in the lysosomal environment were positively correlated with an increase in cell mortality in vitro, potentially generating a greater inflammatory response at the site of simulated injection...
2016: Scientific Reports
R Isbrucker, A Daas, L Wagner, A Costanzo
Current regulations for acellular pertussis (aP) vaccines require that they are tested for the presence of residual or reversion-derived pertussis toxin (PTx) activity using the mouse histamine sensitisation test (HIST). Although a CHO cell clustering assay can be used by manufacturers to verify if sufficient inactivation of the substance has occurred in-process, this assay cannot be used at present for the final product due to the presence of aluminium adjuvants which interfere with mammalian cell cultures...
2016: Pharmeuropa Bio & Scientific Notes
Can Çokçalışkan, Tunçer Türkoğlu, Beyhan Sareyyüpoğlu, Ergün Uzunlu, Ayca Babak, Banu B Özbilge, Veli Gülyaz
PURPOSE: One of the most important tools against foot-and-mouth disease, a highly contagious and variable viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals, is vaccination. However, the effectiveness of foot-and-mouth disease vaccines on slowing the spread of the disease is questionable. In contrast, high potency vaccines providing early protection may solve issues with the spread of the disease, escaping mutants, and persistency. To increase the potency of the vaccine, additives such as saponin and aluminium hydroxide are used...
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research
Lidia Gómez-Gascón, Fernando Cardoso-Toset, Carmen Tarradas, Jaime Gómez-Laguna, Alfonso Maldonado, Jens Nielsen, Alfonso Olaya-Abril, Manuel J Rodríguez-Ortega, Inmaculada Luque
The efforts made to develop vaccines against Streptococcus suis have failed because of lack of common antigens cross-reactive against different serotypes of this species. The cell wall-anchored proteins can be good vaccine candidates due to their high expression and accessibility to antibodies, among these, a cell-wall protein, DNA-nuclease (SsnA), present in most of the S. suis serotypes and clinical isolates collected from infected pigs, was selected. An experimental challenge against S. suis serotype 2 in a pig model was used to validate the efficacy of recombinant SsnA combined with aluminium hydroxide plus Quil A as adjuvants, previously tested in mice by our research group with good results...
August 2016: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Cosette M Wheeler, S Rachel Skinner, M Rowena Del Rosario-Raymundo, Suzanne M Garland, Archana Chatterjee, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Jorge Salmerón, Shelly McNeil, Jack T Stapleton, Céline Bouchard, Mark G Martens, Deborah M Money, Swee Chong Quek, Barbara Romanowski, Carlos S Vallejos, Bram Ter Harmsel, Vera Prilepskaya, Kah Leng Fong, Henry Kitchener, Galina Minkina, Yong Kuei Timothy Lim, Tanya Stoney, Nahida Chakhtoura, Margaret E Cruickshank, Alevtina Savicheva, Daniel Pereira da Silva, Murdo Ferguson, Anco C Molijn, Wim G V Quint, Karin Hardt, Dominique Descamps, Pemmaraju V Suryakiran, Naveen Karkada, Brecht Geeraerts, Gary Dubin, Frank Struyf
BACKGROUND: Although the risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is greatest in young women, women older than 25 years remain at risk. We present data from the VIVIANE study of the HPV 16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine in adult women after 7 years of follow-up. METHODS: In this phase 3, double-blind, randomised controlled trial, healthy women older than 25 years were enrolled (age stratified: 26-35 years, 36-45 years, and ≥46 years). Up to 15% in each age stratum had a history of HPV infection or disease...
October 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Francisco Fontenla, Verónica Blanco-Abad, Belén G Pardo, Iria Folgueira, Manuel Noia, Antonio Gómez-Tato, Paulino Martínez, José M Leiro, Jesús Lamas
We used a microarray approach to examine changes in gene expression in turbot peritoneal cells after injection of the fish with vaccines containing the ciliate parasite Philasterides dicentrarchi as antigen and one of the following adjuvants: chitosan-PVMMA microspheres, Freund́s complete adjuvant, aluminium hydroxide gel or Matrix-Q (Isconova, Sweden). We identified 374 genes that were differentially expressed in all groups of fish. Forty-two genes related to tight junctions and focal adhesions and/or actin cytoskeleton were differentially expressed in free peritoneal cells...
July 2016: Molecular Immunology
Michael Schwameis, Bernhard Roppenser, Christa Firbas, Corina S Gruener, Nina Model, Norbert Stich, Andreas Roetzer, Nina Buchtele, Bernd Jilma, Martha M Eibl
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome is a superantigen-driven potentially life-threatening disease affecting mainly young and otherwise healthy individuals. Currently, no specific treatment or preventive measure is available. We aimed to assess the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of a recombinant detoxified toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 variant (rTSST-1v) vaccine in adult volunteers. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, adjuvant-controlled, dose-escalation first-in-human trial, healthy adults aged 18-64 years were enrolled from the Medical University of Vienna, Austria...
September 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Shabir A Madhi, Clare L Cutland, Lisa Jose, Anthonet Koen, Niresha Govender, Frederick Wittke, Morounfolu Olugbosi, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Sherryl Baker, Peter M Dull, Vas Narasimhan, Karen Slobod
BACKGROUND: Maternal group B streptococcus (GBS) serotype-specific capsular antibody concentrations are correlated with susceptibility to neonatal GBS invasive disease. Maternal immunisation against GBS during pregnancy might protect infants across the period of susceptibility to invasive disease, but no licensed vaccine exists. This study assessed the safety and immunogenicity of a CRM197-conjugated trivalent GBS vaccine in non-pregnant and pregnant women, and antibody transfer to their infants...
August 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Aleksandra Gołoś, Anna Lutyńska
Since decades aluminium formulations such as aluminium hydroxide and aluminium phosphate are widely used as adjuvants in vaccines for human use. They increase immune response induced by the vaccine antigens by mechanisms eg. a depot effect at the injection site, activation of the complement and stimulation of the macrophages. Many studies, both case control ones and those performed in vivo on animal models, confirmed the safety of aluminium adjuvants even in vaccinated infants and children. Although some of the aluminium-adjuvanted vaccines have certain limitations such as no Th1 reactivity and low stability at temperatures below 2ºC, its easy use, safety profile and low manufacturing costs confirm its suitability...
2015: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
M C Rodenas, I Cabas, A García-Alcázar, J Meseguer, V Mulero, A García-Ayala
17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2), a synthetic estrogen used in oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy, tamoxifen (Tmx), a selective estrogen-receptor modulator used in hormone replacement therapy, and G1, a G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) selective agonist, differentially increased the hepatic vitellogenin (vtg) gene expression and altered the immune response in adult gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) males. However, no information exists on the effects of these compounds on the immune response of juveniles...
May 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Christopher Scala, Nicolas Duffard, Guy Beauchamp, Séverine Boullier, Yann Locatelli
Deer are sensitive to clostridial diseases, and vaccination with clostridial toxoids is the method of choice to prevent these infections in ruminants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the serologic responses in red deer (Cervus elaphus) over a 13-mo period after vaccination with a multivalent clostridial vaccine, containing an aluminium hydroxide adjuvant. Antibody production to the Clostridium perfringens type D epsilon toxin component of the vaccine was measured using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
March 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
P D Darbre
The human population is exposed to aluminium (Al) from diet, antacids and vaccine adjuvants, but frequent application of Al-based salts to the underarm as antiperspirant adds a high additional exposure directly to the local area of the human breast. Coincidentally the upper outer quadrant of the breast is where there is also a disproportionately high incidence of breast cysts and breast cancer. Al has been measured in human breast tissues/fluids at higher levels than in blood, and experimental evidence suggests that at physiologically relevant concentrations, Al can adversely impact on human breast epithelial cell biology...
June 2016: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
M I Chernikova, O S Kashirina, Yu M Vasiliev
AIM: Direct immunogenicity comparison of adjuvants from various sources and with different mechanisms of action for inactivated influenza vaccines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Groups of mice were immunized intramuscularly twice with an inactivated whole-virion influenza vaccine based on A/California/07/2009 X-179A (H1N1) strain. The following adjuvants were added to the vaccine (10 in total): aluminium hydroxide, oligonucleotide CpG, complete Freund's adjuvant, poly(lactide-coglycolide) microparticles, monophosphoryl lipid A and polyoxidonium, as well as 2 adjuvants based on characterized chitosan substances with different physical/chemical properties and 2 experimental complex formulations (a multi-component adjuvant and an oil-in-water emulsion based on squalene and tocopherol)...
November 2015: Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii
C Exley
We are living in the 'aluminium age'. Human exposure to aluminium is inevitable and, perhaps, inestimable. Aluminium's free metal cation, Alaq(3+), is highly biologically reactive and biologically available aluminium is non-essential and essentially toxic. Biologically reactive aluminium is present throughout the human body and while, rarely, it can be acutely toxic, much less is understood about chronic aluminium intoxication. Herein the question is asked as to how to diagnose aluminium toxicity in an individual...
June 2016: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
Stuart A McDougall, Matthew D Heath, Matthias F Kramer, Murray A Skinner
BACKGROUND: Investigation into the absorption, distribution and elimination of aluminium in rat after subcutaneous aluminium adjuvant formulation administration using ICP-MS is described. METHOD & RESULTS: Assays were verified under the principles of a tiered approach. There was no evidence of systemic exposure of aluminium, in brain or in kidney. Extensive and persistent retention of aluminium at the dose site was observed for at least 180 days after administration...
March 2016: Bioanalysis
Hanneke Bouten, Tamar E C Nijsten, Vincent Noordhoek Hegt
A 40-year-old female patient was referred to the department of Dermatology with subcutaneous nodules and ulcers years after starting with immunotherapy injections (Purethal) for hay fever. The skin reaction appeared to be due to aluminium hydroxide, which is used as an adjuvant to many injections and vaccins. Aluminium hydroxide can cause delayed granulomatous contact dermatitis or foreign body reactions.
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
(no author information available yet)
Occasionally, pregnant women are inadvertently vaccinated against human papillomavirus. Data are available able on pregnancy outcomes in over a thousand women exposed to the HPV 6/11/16/18 vaccine and several hundred exposed to the HPV 16/18 vaccine. No notable risks were identified. No specific safety signals have been identified with the aluminium- and lipid-containing adjuvant AS04 included in the HPV 16/18 vaccine, nor with the aluminium-based adjuvant used in the HPV 6/11/16/18 vaccine.
October 2015: Prescrire International
Will Roeffen, Michael Theisen, Marga van de Vegte-Bolmer, GeertJan van Gemert, Theo Arens, Gorm Andersen, Michael Christiansen, Laxman Sevargave, Shrawan Kumar Singh, Swarnendu Kaviraj, Robert Sauerwein
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum is transmitted from person to person by Anopheles mosquitoes after completing its sexual reproductive cycle within the infected mosquito. An efficacious vaccine holds the potential to interrupt development of the parasite in the mosquito leading to control and possibly eradication of malaria. A multi-component, R0.10C, was developed comprising P. falciparum glutamate-rich protein (R0) fused in frame to a correctly folded fragment of Pfs48/45 (10C). Here, a series of novel adjuvants were screened for their ability to elicit transmission-blocking (TB) antibodies...
2015: Malaria Journal
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