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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223109/genome-wide-analysis-of-barrett-s-adenocarcinoma-a-first-step-towards-identifying-patients-at-risk-and-developing-therapeutic-paths
#1
Yiyang Dai, Qing Wang, Adrian Gonzalez Lopez, Mario Anders, Peter Malfertheiner, Michael Vieth, Wolfgang Kemmner
BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus metaplasia is the key precursor lesion of esophageal adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to find a subset of markers that may allow the identification of patients at risk for esophageal adenocarcinoma, and to determine genes differentially expressed in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Laser capture microdissection technique was applied to procure cells from defined regions. Genome-wide RNA profiling was performed on esophageal adenocarcinoma (n = 21), Barrett's esophagus (n = 20), esophageal squamous carcinoma (n = 9) and healthy esophageal biopsies (n = 18) using the Affymetrix Human Genome U133plus 2...
December 6, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221590/activit%C3%A3-s-immunomodulatrice-anti-inflammatoire-antiprurigineuse-et-tol%C3%A3-rog%C3%A3-nique-induites-par-i-modulia%C3%A2-un-extrait-issu-de-culture-d%C3%A2-aquaphilus-dolomiae-dans-les-mod%C3%A3-les-pharmacologiques-de-dermatite-atopique-immunomodulatory-anti-inflammatory-anti-pruritus
#2
T Nguyen, N Castex-Rizzi, D Redoulès
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory and pruritic dermatosis of multifactorial origin. Topical steroids are the first line treatment for severe AD however alternatives treatment are increasingly needed. A biological concentrate was elaborated from culture of an Avène aquatic microflora isolate namely Aquaphilus dolomiae. Numerous extracts were evaluated in relevant AD in vitro models with human keratinocytes. Among these extracts, a particular one I-modulia® was found to be remarkable in terms of pharmacological activities: innate immunity modulating by agonizing Toll like receptor (TLR)2, TLR4 and TLR5, induction of anti-microbial peptides, inhibition of cytokines characteristics of T helper (Th)1, Th2 and Th17 responses, inhibition of Protease-activated-receptor (PAR) 2 and Thymic-stromal-lymphopoeitin (TSLP) both being known to be upregulated in pruritus...
January 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221588/eau-thermale-d%C3%A2-av%C3%A3-ne-et-dermatite-atopique-av%C3%A3-ne%C3%A2-s-thermal-water-and-atopic-dermatitis
#3
D Guerrero, E Garrigue
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most frequent disease treated at the Avène hydrotherapy center. Children represent a large part of the population due to the high prevalence of AD in early childhood. Avène thermal spring water (ATSW) has been known for its therapeutic effects since the middle of the 18th century. It has been greatly studied over the last decades, with a comprehensive fundamental, pharmaco-clinical and clinical approach. Cohort studies using the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) clinical score and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) or the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index [CDLQI]) quality of life scores, allowed to confirm the clinical results obtained from the previous studies...
January 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220720/induction-of-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-by-a-steroid-alkaloid-derivative-in-mouse-keratinocytes
#4
Yan Weng, Natsumi Mizuno, Jiangxu Dong, Ryosuke Segawa, Takayuki Yonezawa, Byung Yoon Cha, Je-Tae Woo, Takahiro Moriya, Masahiro Hiratsuka, Noriyasu Hirasawa
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) plays critical roles in inducing and exacerbating allergic diseases. Chemical compounds that induce TSLP production can enhance sensitization to antigens and exacerbate allergic inflammation. Hence, identifying such chemicals will be important to prevent an increase in allergic diseases. In the present study, we found, for the first time, that a steroid alkaloid derivative, code no. 02F04, concentration and time dependently induced mRNA expression and production of TSLP in a mouse keratinocyte cell line, PAM212...
December 5, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220632/immunohistochemical-localization-of-fibrinogen-c-domain-containing-1-on-epithelial-and-mucosal-surfaces-in-human-tissues
#5
Sebastian von Huth, Jesper B Moeller, Anders Schlosser, Niels Marcussen, Ole Nielsen, Vicki Nielsen, Grith L Sorensen, Uffe Holmskov
Fibrinogen C domain containing 1 (FIBCD1) is a transmembrane receptor that binds chitin and other acetylated compounds with high affinity. FIBCD1 has previously been shown to be present in the epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract. In the present study, we performed a detailed analysis of normally structured human tissues for the expression of FIBCD1 by quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry. We find that FIBCD1 is expressed in epithelial cells derived from all three germ layers. Endodermal-derived epithelial cells throughout the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory system showed high expression of FIBCD1 and also mesodermal-derived cells in the genitourinary system and ectodermal-derived epidermis and sebaceous glands cells expressed FIBCD1...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218493/direct-biological-effects-of-fractional-ultrapulsed-co2-laser-irradiation-on-keratinocytes-and-fibroblasts-in-human-organotypic-full-thickness-3d-skin-models
#6
L Schmitt, S Huth, P M Amann, Y Marquardt, R Heise, K Fietkau, L Huth, T Steiner, F Hölzle, J M Baron
Molecular effects of various ablative and non-ablative laser treatments on human skin cells-especially primary effects on epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts-are not yet fully understood. We present the first study addressing molecular effects of fractional non-sequential ultrapulsed CO2 laser treatment using a 3D skin model that allows standardized investigations of time-dependent molecular changes ex vivo. While histological examination was performed to assess morphological changes, we utilized gene expression profiling using microarray and qRT-PCR analyses to identify molecular effects of laser treatment...
December 7, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218091/angiogenic-and-wound-healing-potency-of-fermented-virgin-coconut-oil-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#7
Ahmad H Ibrahim, Haibo Li, Sawsan S Al-Rawi, Aman Shah Abdul Majid, Omar Am Al-Habib, Xiaobo Xia, Amin Ms Abdul Majid, Dan Ji
OBJECTIVE: The process of wound healing involves activation of keratinocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, etc. Angiogenesis is crucial during the process of wound healing. Virgin coconut oil is widely utilized in South Asia for various purposes including food, medicinal and industrial applications. This study aimed to evaluate the potency of fermented virgin coconut oil (FVCO) in angiogenesis and wound healing via both in vitro and in vivo assays. METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial (HUVEC), fibroblast (CCD-18) and retinal ganglion (RGC-5) cells were cultured in medium containing different concentrations of FVCO...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216394/circlrp6-regulation-of-zeb1-via-mir-455-is-involved-in-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-during-arsenite-induced-malignant-transformation-of-human-keratinocytes
#8
Junchao Xue, Chao Chen, Fei Luo, Xueli Pan, Hui Xu, Ping Yang, Qian Sun, Xinlu Liu, Lu Lu, Qianlei Yang, Tian Xiao, Xiangyu Dai, Peng Luo, Jiachun Lu, Aihua Zhang, Qizhan Liu
Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a class of noncoding RNAs generated from pre-mRNAs, participate in the regulation of tumorigenesis. The mechanism for regulation, however, is unclear. Here, to determine if circular RNAs are involved in arsenite-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and malignant transformation in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells, the up-regulation of circLRP6 was confirmed in arsenite-transformed HaCaT (T-HaCaT) cells. In HaCaT cells, circLRP6 acted as a microRNA (miR)-455 sponge. For these cells, chronic exposure to arsenite caused an increase of circLRP6 and the transcription factor ZEB1, which induced the EMT...
December 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215741/analysis-of-sensitive-skin-barrier-function-basic-indicators-and-sebum-composition
#9
Linna Fan, Yan Jia, Le Cui, Xinchao Li, Congfen He
Sensitive skin (SS) is a condition characterised by high reactivity, low tolerance, and susceptibility to allergies of the skin. Owing to changes in the environment and marketing strategies, as well as the increasing public awareness about skin care, attention to skin condition is gradually increasing. To explore the differences in the skin barrier of SS and normal skin (NS), a questionnaire survey was conducted and basic indicators of the skin barrier were analysed. It was found that sebum secretion in the SS group was lower than that in the NS group, suggesting that the development of SS might be associated with sebum secretion and its specific components...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213102/e-cadherin-dynamics-is-regulated-by-galectin-7-at-epithelial-cell-surface
#10
Tamara Advedissian, Véronique Proux-Gillardeaux, Rachel Nkosi, Grégoire Peyret, Thao Nguyen, Françoise Poirier, Mireille Viguier, Frédérique Deshayes
Re-epithelialisation of wounded epidermis is ensured by collective cell migration of keratinocytes. Efficient collective migration requires the maintenance of intercellular adhesion, notably through adherens junctions, to favour cell communication, support tension forces and coordinated movement . Galectin-7, a soluble lectin expressed in stratified epithelia, has been previously implicated in cell migration and intercellular adhesion. Here, we revealed a new function of galectin-7 in the control of directionality and collective behaviour in migrating keratinocytes...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212228/inhibition-of-tumor-cell-growth-by-adenine-is-mediated-by-apoptosis-induction-and-cell-cycle-s-phase-arrest
#11
Ming Han, Xin Cheng, Zhiqin Gao, Rongrong Zhao, Shizhuang Zhang
Gekko swinhonis has a long standing history in Chinese traditional medicine recognized for its application in treating patients with terminal cancer.In order to discover novel anticancer drugs with high anti-tumor efficacy and low toxicity to normal cells, we aim to investigate the anti-tumor components from Gekko swinhonis. Four nucleosides from the extracted samples were enriched, namely adenosine, guanosine, thymidine and inosine. We evaluated the antitumor effect of the four nucleosides and found that adenosine possessed the strongest anti-tumor effect...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212013/cell-type-of-origin-dictates-the-route-to-pluripotency
#12
Christian M Nefzger, Fernando J Rossello, Joseph Chen, Xiaodong Liu, Anja S Knaupp, Jaber Firas, Jacob M Paynter, Jahnvi Pflueger, Sam Buckberry, Sue Mei Lim, Brenda Williams, Sara Alaei, Keshav Faye-Chauhan, Enrico Petretto, Susan K Nilsson, Ryan Lister, Mirana Ramialison, David R Powell, Owen J L Rackham, Jose M Polo
Our current understanding of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) generation has almost entirely been shaped by studies performed on reprogramming fibroblasts. However, whether the resulting model universally applies to the reprogramming process of other cell types is still largely unknown. By characterizing and profiling the reprogramming pathways of fibroblasts, neutrophils, and keratinocytes, we unveil that key events of the process, including loss of original cell identity, mesenchymal to epithelial transition, the extent of developmental reversion, and reactivation of the pluripotency network, are to a large degree cell-type specific...
December 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212005/desmoglein-3-order-and-dynamics-in-desmosomes-determined-by-fluorescence-polarization-microscopy
#13
Emily I Bartle, Tara M Urner, Siddharth S Raju, Alexa L Mattheyses
Desmosomes are macromolecular cell-cell junctions that provide adhesive strength in epithelial tissue. Desmosome function is inseparably linked to structure, and it is hypothesized that the arrangement, or order, of desmosomal cadherins in the intercellular space is critical for adhesive strength. However, due to desmosome size, molecular complexity, and dynamics, the role that order plays in adhesion is challenging to study. Herein, we present an excitation resolved fluorescence polarization microscopy approach to measure the spatiotemporal dynamics of order and disorder of the desmosomal cadherin desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) in living cells...
December 5, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211767/investigating-endogenous-%C3%A2%C2%B5-opioid-receptors-in-human-keratinocytes-as-pharmacological-targets-using-novel-fluorescent-ligand
#14
Cheryl Leong, Christine Neumann, Srinivas Ramasamy, Bhimsen Rout, Lim Yi Wee, Mei Bigliardi-Qi, Paul L Bigliardi
Opioids in skin function during stress response, regeneration, ageing and, particularly in regulating sensation. In chronic pruritus, topical treatment with Naltrexone changes μ-opioid receptor (μ-OR) localization to relieve itch. The molecular mechanisms behind the effects of Naltrexone on μ-OR function in reduction of itching behavior has not been studied. There is an immediate need to understand the endogenous complexity of μ-OR dynamics in normal and pathological skin conditions. Here we evaluate real-time behavior of μ-OR-Endomorphine complexes in the presence of agonist and antagonists...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210716/relationship-between-pityriasis-lichenoides-and-mycosis-fungoides-a-clinicopathological-immunohistochemical-and-molecular-study
#15
Hiba Zaaroura, Dvora Sahar, Tova Bick, Reuven Bergman
BACKGROUND: Several cases of pityriasis lichenoides (PL) have been reported to evolve into mycosis fungoides (MF). OBJECTIVE: To elucidate clues to this progression. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with PL between 2000 and 2013 (follow-up: 3-16 years, average: 8.3). RESULTS: A total of 3 (5.2%) of the 58 patients with PL developed MF after 3-11 years of prolonged clinical course. Papules and small plaques characterized PLs, and patches and larger plaques subsequent MFs...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208683/il-33-and-st2-mediate-fak-dependent-antitumor-immune-evasion-through-transcriptional-networks
#16
Bryan Serrels, Niamh McGivern, Marta Canel, Adam Byron, Sarah C Johnson, Henry J McSorley, Niall Quinn, David Taggart, Alex Von Kreigsheim, Stephen M Anderton, Alan Serrels, Margaret C Frame
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) mediates tumor cell-intrinsic behaviors that promote tumor growth and metastasis. We previously showed that FAK also induces the expression of inflammatory genes that inhibit antitumor immunity in the microenvironment. We identified a crucial, previously unknown role for the dual-function cytokine interleukin-33 (IL-33) in FAK-dependent immune evasion. In murine squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells, specifically nuclear FAK enhanced the expression of the genes encoding IL-33, the chemokine CCL5, and the soluble, secreted form of the IL-33 receptor, called soluble ST2 (sST2)...
December 5, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208214/proof-of-concept-of-a-new-autologous-skin-substitute-for-the-treatment-of-deep-wounds-in-dogs
#17
L Ramió-Lluch, S Cerrato, P Brazis, R M Rabanal, D Fondevila, A Puigdemont
Autologous skin grafts are effective for the repair of large skin wounds, but the availability of large amounts of skin is often limited. Through bioengineering, several autologous skin substitutes have been developed for use in human clinical practice. However, few skin substitutes are available for use in animals. The aim of this study was to develop and assess an engineered autologous skin substitute for the treatment of deep wounds in veterinary medicine. Canine keratinocytes and fibroblasts were isolated after double enzyme digestion from 8mm punch biopsies from four healthy Beagle dogs...
December 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207610/integration-of-micrornaome-proteomics-and-metabolomics-to-analyze-arsenic-induced-malignant-cell-transformation
#18
Youyou Zhou, Yanfu Wang, Juan Su, Zheng Wu, Chao Wang, Weiming Zhong, Xiaomei Liu, Linhui Cui, Xiaoyu Zhou, Yufang Ma, Yi Xin, Jianglin Zhang, Lisha Wu, Xing Hu, Xiang Chen, Cong Peng, MingYang Gao
Long-term exposure to arsenic has been linked to tumorigenesis in different organs and tissues, such as skin; however, the detailed mechanism remains unclear. In this present study, we integrated "omics" including microRNAome, proteomics and metabolomics to investigate the potential molecular mechanisms. Compared with non-malignant human keratinocytes (HaCaT), twenty-six miRNAs were significantly altered in arsenic-induced transformed cells. Among these miRNAs, the differential expression of six miRNAs was confirmed using Q-RT-PCR, representing potential oxidative stress genes...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207600/host-cell-transcriptome-modification-upon-exogenous-hpv16-l2-protein-expression
#19
Xinwei An, Yuhan Hao, Patricio I Meneses
Human papillomavirus type 16 minor capsid protein L2 has been shown to assist in the initial entry and intracellular trafficking events leading to nuclear translocation of the viral genome. During our investigations of L2 function, we observed that expression of L2 in a keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) resulted in phenotypic changes. In this manuscript, we present data that expression of the L2 protein in this cellular model system HaCaTs resulted in a shift from G0/G1 phase to mitotic S phase, as well as a reduced amount of retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and an increase in Cdc2 phosphorylation...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207596/uvb-induced-nuclear-translocation-of-tc-ptp-by-akt-14-3-3%C3%AF-axis-inhibits-keratinocyte-survival-and-proliferation
#20
Mihwa Kim, Liza D Morales, Minwoo Baek, Thomas J Slaga, John DiGiovanni, Dae Joon Kim
Understanding protein subcellular localization is important to determining the functional role of specific proteins. T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase (TC-PTP) contains bipartite nuclear localization signals (NLSI and NLSII) in its C-terminus. We previously have demonstrated that the nuclear form of TC-PTP (TC45) is mainly localized to the cytoplasm in keratinocytes and it is translocated to the nucleus following UVB irradiation. Here, we report that TC45 is translocated by an AKT/14-3-3σ-mediated mechanism in response to UVB exposure, resulting in increased apoptosis and decreased keratinocyte proliferation...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
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