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Mohammad Gol, Davoud Ghorbanian, Nabiollah Soltanpour, Jamshid Faraji, Mohsen Pourghasem
OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive pathological changes of the brain. A number of studies demonstrated compelling evidence of the importance of oxidative processes in AD pathogenesis. Raisin contains polyphenol, phenolic acid, and tannin compounds, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The present study was aimed to evaluate the protective effect of raisin on neurobehavioral and histological changes in rats with Alzheimer...
August 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
Paola Cardiano, Rosalia Maria Cigala, Francesco Crea, Fausta Giacobello, Ottavia Giuffrè, Anna Irto, Gabriele Lando, Silvio Sammartano
The speciation of Al(3+) in aqueous solutions containing organic and inorganic ligands important from a biological (citrate (Cit(3-)), gluconate (Gluc(-)), lactate (Lac(-)), silicate (H2SiO4(2-)), carbonate (CO3(2-)), fluoride (F(-))) and industrial (Gantrez(®); polymethyl-vinyl-ether-co-maleic acids; GTZ S95 and GTZ AN169) point of view is reported. The stability constants of Al(3+)/L(z-) complexes (L(z-) = ligand with z(-) charge) were determined by potentiometry at T = 298.15 K and 0.10 ≤ I/M ≤ 1...
August 7, 2017: Chemosphere
C Nattrass, C J Horwell, D E Damby, D Brown, V Stone
BACKGROUND: Exposure to crystalline silica (SiO2), in the form of quartz, tridymite or cristobalite, can cause respiratory diseases, such as silicosis. However, the observed toxicity and pathogenicity of crystalline silica is highly variable. This has been attributed to a number of inherent and external factors, including the presence of impurities. In cristobalite-rich dusts, substitutions of aluminium (Al) for silicon (Si) in the cristobalite structure, and impurities occluding the silica surface, have been hypothesised to decrease its toxicity...
August 9, 2017: Environmental Research
Khalid Hamid Changal, Muzamil Latief, Manzoor Parry, Farhat Abbas
Aluminium phosphide (ALP) is a common cause of suicidal poisoning in India where it is easily available and commonly known as 'rice tablet'. In rural areas of India, it is still used to protect rice and stored grains from rodents and pests. (1) There is no specific antidote for phosphide poisoning and treatment involves meticulous supportive care. Ingestion can lead to severe cardiac suppression and cardiogenic shock. For patients poisoned with ALP who continue to have refractory shock with persistent myocardial suppression despite the use of adrenergic inotropic agents, the addition of digoxin may be beneficial...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Elias Bou-Maroun, Laurence Dahbi, Marie-Pierre Gomez-Berrada, Philippine Pierre, Sandrine Rakotomalala, Pierre-Jacques Ferret, Marie-Christine Chagnon
The objective of the work was to check the presence of Non-Intended Added Substances (NIAS) with hormonal activities in aluminium coatings extracts coded: AA, BBF, MC and RR, furnished by four different suppliers. Water samples were prepared at room temperature or at 40°C for three months to verify the storage effect on the coatings. Solid phase extraction was used to concentrate and to extract coating substances. Hormonal activities were checked in vitro using reporter gene bioassays. Except BBF, all extracts induced a weak but significant estrogenic agonist activity in the human cell line...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Marek Kostecki, Jarosław Woźniak, Tomasz Cygan, Mateusz Petrus, Andrzej Olszyna
Self-lubricating composites are designed to obtain materials that reduce energy consumption, improve heat dissipation between moving bodies, and eliminate the need for external lubricants. The use of a solid lubricant in bulk composite material always involves a significant reduction in its mechanical properties, which is usually not an optimal solution. The growing interest in multilayer graphene (MLG), characterised by interesting properties as a component of composites, encouraged the authors to use it as an alternative solid lubricant in aluminium matrix composites instead of graphite...
August 10, 2017: Materials
Christa de Cuyper, Evelyne Lodewick, Ines Schreiver, Bernhard Hesse, Christian Seim, Hiram Castillo-Michel, Peter Laux, Andreas Luch
BACKGROUND: Allergic reactions to tattoos are not uncommon. However, identification of the culprit allergen(s) remains challenging. OBJECTIVES: We present a patient with papulo-nodular infiltration of 20-year-old tattoos associated with systemic symptoms that disappeared within a week after surgical removal of metal osteosynthesis implants from his spine. We aimed to explore the causal relationship between the metal implants and the patient's clinical presentation...
August 9, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
Yu Huang, Yue Xue Xia, Dian Hua Lin, Kui Yao, Leong Chew Lim
A new piezoelectric actuator design, called "Stake" actuator, is proposed and demonstrated in this work. As an example, the stake actuator is made of four d32-mode PZN-5.5%PT single crystals, each of 25mmL × 8mmW × 0.4mmT in dimensions, bonded with the aid of polycarbonate (PC) edge guide-cum-stiffeners into a square-pipe configuration for improved bending and twisting strengths and capped with top and bottom pedestals made of 1.5 mm thick anodized aluminium. The resultant stake actuator measured 9 mm × 9 mm × 28 mm...
August 3, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Zhen Zhang, Yinghui Zhang, Hua Fan, Yulong Wang, Chen Zhou, Feifei Ren, Sizhu Wu, Guoqiang Li, Yanlei Hu, Jiawen Li, Dong Wu, Jiaru Chu
Porous oil/water separation materials show excellent prospects in the remediation of oil spill accidents. However, several drawbacks such as low flux, limited absorption and storage capacity restrict their practical applications. Hence, a novel Janus oil barrel (superhydrophobic outside wall and superhydrophilic inside wall) constituted by tapered microhole arrayed aluminium foil is designed, which is demonstrated to be a promising device for the remediation of oil spill accidents. Furthermore, the investigation shows that the tapered microholes (taper angle 25-30°) can significantly enhance oil/water intrusion pressures (1-3 times higher than cylindrical holes) and unidirectional transferability which can eliminate the secondary leakage when salvaging full oil barrels without an additional procedure...
August 9, 2017: Nanoscale
Chutikan Nakonkhet, Tanin Nanok, Worawat Wattanathana, Pitak Chuawong, Pimpa Hormnirun
Two series of aluminium complexes bearing salicylbenzothiazole ligands, namely four-coordinate aluminium complexes (1a-7a) and five-coordinate aluminium complexes (1b-7b), were synthesized and characterized by NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and X-ray diffraction crystallography (for 5a and 1b). Their application in the ring-opening polymerisation of rac-lactide and ε-caprolactone was studied with the aim of drawing comparisons to closely related aluminium salicylbenzoxazole complexes investigated previously...
August 7, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Nisreen Abdul Rahman, Siddhartha Das, Vinod Ashok Chaudhari, Suresh Nandagopal, Bhawana Badhe
BACKGROUND: Self-poisoning usually occurs by the ingestion of a single lethal compound and majority of the poisoning cases in our country are due to the pesticides. Suicide by ingestion of more than one poisonous substance is rare except alcohol and multiple drugs. To the best of our knowledge, suicidal ingestion of a mixture of rodenticide and battery acid has not been reported before in medical literature. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we are discussing a case of simultaneous ingestion of two poisonous substances, i...
2017: Egyptian journal of forensic sciences
G Fontenelle, M Knoff, M A Verícimo, S C São Clemente
Fish consumption plays an important role in the human diet. Hoplias malabaricus, trahira, is a freshwater fish widely appreciated in several Brazilian states and it is frequently infected by Contracaecum multipapillatum third-instar larvae (L3). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the allergenic potential of the C. multipapillatum L3 crude extract (CECM). BALB/c mice were immunized intraperitoneally (ip) with 10 or 50 μg CECM associated with 2 mg of aluminium hydroxide on days 0, 14 and 48. The determination of specific IgG and IgE antibody levels was done after immunization, and the late immunity was evaluated by the intradermal reaction in the ear pavilion...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
Karolina Schwendtner, Uwe Kolitsch
The crystal structures of hydrothermally synthesized aluminium dihydrogen arsenate(V) dihydrogen diarsenate(V), Al(H2AsO4)(H2As2O7), gallium dihydrogen arsenate(V) dihydrogen diarsenate(V), Ga(H2AsO4)(H2As2O7), and diindium bis[dihydrogen arsenate(V)] bis[dihydrogen diarsenate(V)], In2(H2AsO4)2(H2As2O7)2, were determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data collected at room temperature. The first two compounds are representatives of a novel sheet structure type, whereas the third compound crystallizes in a novel framework structure...
August 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
Laia Font-Ribera, Jordi Colomer Cotta, Anna Gómez-Gutiérrez, Cristina M Villanueva
Bottled water consumption is increasing worldwide, despite its huge economic and environmental cost. We aim to describe personal and tap water quality determinants of bottled water use in the city of Barcelona. This cross-sectional study used data from the Health Survey of Barcelona in 2006 (N=5417 adults). The use of bottled water to drink and to cook was evaluated in relation to age, gender, educational level, district and levels of trihalomethanes (THMs), free chlorine, conductivity, chloride, sodium, pH, nitrate and aluminium in municipal tap water using Robust Poisson Regression...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Enyu Wang, Xiangfei Kong, Xian Rong, Chengqiang Yao, Hua Yang, Chengying Qi
Phase change material (PCM) used in buildings can reduce the building energy consumption and indoor temperature fluctuation. A composite PCM has been fabricated by the binary eutectic mixture of tetradecanol (TD) and lauric acid (LA) absorbed into the expanded perlite (EP) using vacuum impregnation method, and its thermal conductivity was promoted by aluminium powder (AP) additive. Besides, the styrene-acrylic emulsion has been mixed with the composite PCM particles to form the protective film, so as to solve the problem of leakage...
November 5, 2016: Materials
Chun Su, Jianzhong Zhou, Xiankai Meng, Shu Huang
As a new treatment process after welding, the process parameters of laser shock peening (LSP) in dynamic strain aging (DSA) temperature regimes can be precisely controlled, and the process is a non-contact one. The effects of LSP at elevated temperatures on the distribution of the surface residual stress of AA6061-T6 welded joints were investigated by using X-ray diffraction technology with the sin²ϕ method and Abaqus software. The fatigue life of the welded joints was estimated by performing tensile fatigue tests...
September 26, 2016: Materials
Bruna Aparecida Rezende, Michele L Silveira, Luciano M G Vieira, Alexandre M Abrão, Paulo Eustáquio de Faria, Juan C Campos Rubio
Composite materials are widely employed in the naval, aerospace and transportation industries owing to the combination of being lightweight and having a high modulus of elasticity, strength and stiffness. Drilling is an operation generally used in composite materials to assemble the final product. Damages such as the burr at the drill entrance and exit, geometric deviations and delamination are typically found in composites subjected to drilling. Drills with special geometries and pilot holes are alternatives used to improve hole quality as well as to increase tool life...
September 13, 2016: Materials
Enrico Berretti, Andrea Giaccherini, Stefano M Martinuzzi, Massimo Innocenti, Thomas J S Schubert, Frank M Stiemke, Stefano Caporali
Since their discovery, ionic liquids (ILs) have attracted a wide interest for their potential use as a medium for many chemical processes, in particular electrochemistry. As electrochemical media they allow the electrodeposition of elements that are impossible to reduce in aqueous media. We have investigated the electrodeposition of aluminium from 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride ((Bmim)Cl)/AlCl₃ (40/60 mol %) as concerns the effect of deposition parameters on the quality of the deposits. Thick (20 μm) aluminium coatings were electrodeposited on brass substrates at different temperatures and mixing conditions (mechanical stirring and sonication)...
August 24, 2016: Materials
Carla C C R de Carvalho, Patrick L Inácio, Rosa M Miranda, Telmo G Santos
In an increasingly miniaturised technological world, non-destructive testing (NDT) methodologies able to detect defects at the micro scale are necessary to prevent failures. Although several existing methods allow the detection of defects at that scale, their application may be hindered by the small size of the samples to examine. In this study, the application of bacterial cells to help the detection of fissures, cracks, and voids on the surface of metals is proposed. The application of magnetic and electric fields after deposition of the cells ensured the distribution of the cells over the entire surfaces and helped the penetration of the cells inside the defects...
July 12, 2017: Materials
Bartosz Hekner, Jerzy Myalski, Tomasz Pawlik, Małgorzata Sopicka-Lizer
Aluminium-based hybrid composites are a new class of advanced materials with the potential of satisfying the demands in engineering applications. This paper describes the effects of carbon addition on the formation and properties of AMC with SiC nanoparticles reinforcement. The composites were produced via mechanical alloying followed by hot pressing. Three forms of carbon, graphite (GR), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and, for the first time, glassy carbon (GC), were used for the hybrid composites manufacturing and compared with tribological properties of Al-SiC composite without carbon addition...
June 21, 2017: Materials
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