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equine-assisted therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776388/the-effects-of-equine-assisted-activities-and-therapy-on-resting-state-brain-function-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-pilot-study
#1
Jae Hyun Yoo, Yunhye Oh, Byongsu Jang, Jihye Song, Jiwon Kim, Seonwoo Kim, Jiyoung Lee, Hye-Yeon Shin, Jeong-Yi Kwon, Yun-Hee Kim, Bumseok Jeong, Yoo-Sook Joung
Objective: Equine-assisted activities and therapy (EAA/T) have been used as adjunct treatment options for physical and psychosocial rehabilitation. However, the therapeutic effects on resting-state brain function have not yet been studied. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EAA/T on participants with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by comparing resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) signals and their clinical correlates. Methods: Ten participants with ADHD participated in a 12-week EAA/T program without any medication...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767943/equine-assisted-occupational-therapy-increasing-engagement-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Cecilia Llambias, Joyce Magill-Evans, Veronica Smith, Sharon Warren
Engagement in meaningful activities is essential to development and is often reduced in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who have limited engagement in activities or relationships. A multiple-baseline design was used with 7 children with ASD ages 4-8 yr to assess the effect of including a horse in occupational therapy intervention on task engagement. The children showed improvements in engagement. Including horses in occupational therapy sessions may be a valuable addition to conventional treatments to increase task engagement of children with ASD...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457363/brief-report-the-effects-of-equine-assisted-activities-on-the-social-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Sophie Anderson, Kerstin Meints
Equine-assisted activities and therapies are increasing in popularity for treatment of ASD symptoms. This research evaluated effects of a 5-week programme of therapeutic riding on social functioning of children/adolescents (N = 15) with ASD. The effectiveness of the programme was evaluated using the autism spectrum quotient, the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale and the empathising and systemising quotient. Results established that the TR intervention increased empathising and reduced maladaptive behaviours...
October 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160051/influence-of-commonly-used-pharmaceutical-agents-on-equine-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-viability
#4
R E Edmonds, E R Garvican, R K W Smith, J Dudhia
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: To provide evidence to support recommendations regarding the co-administration of drugs with mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of sedatives, local anaesthetic and corticosteroids on MSC viability and proliferation, in comparison to somatic cells derived from tendon (TDCs). STUDY DESIGN: In vitro cell culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MSCs (n = 3) and TDCs (n = 2) were cultured in media containing a clinically relevant dose range of xylazine, romifidine, detomidine and butorphanol, mepivacaine, methylprednisolone, or triamcinolone acetonide...
May 10, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897999/psychosocial-equine-program-for-veterans
#5
David M Ferruolo
Nearly half of all combat veterans suffer from serious psychological disorders and reintegration issues. Veterans shy away from typical talk therapy and are seeking alternative treatments. Equine-facilitated mental health therapy has shown promise in treating veterans with depressive and anxiety disorders and reintegration issues. This article reports on an institutional review board-approved pilot program designed to address the mental health needs of veterans. Furthermore, this article discusses future directions for evolving development of equine treatment programming...
January 2016: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26735557/a-method-for-creating-artificial-thrombi-in-vitro-using-a-rotating-mechanical-surface
#6
Staci L Jessen, Andrew M Masse, Mallory D Carpenter, Fred J Clubb, Brad R Weeks
Thromboembolism is a common concern in ventricular assist device (VAD) therapy. Precise VAD response to pass-through thromboembolism needs to be studied in a controlled in vitro setting where specific pump parameters (i.e., power consumption, flow rates, impeller RPM) can be monitored while various types of thrombi are introduced. In this article, we describe a method for creating standardized fibrin thrombi that could be introduced into a mock circulatory loop for testing VAD response to thromboembolism. Donor equine blood collected using a sodium citrate was allowed to clot by adding calcium chloride (CaCl2) while a rotating component applied shear forces to the blood...
May 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26707049/effect-of-repeated-therapeutic-horse-riding-sessions-on-the-trunk-movement-of-the-rider
#7
Miroslav Janura, Zdenek Svoboda, Lee Cabell, Tereza Dvoráková, Karel Jelen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the rider's movement during walking the horse in repeated therapeutic horse riding sessions and to determine the relationship between movements of the horse's back and the rider's trunk. METHOD: A total of 12 healthy females (age: 23.3±2.8 years; height: 167.3±4.2 cm; weight: 59.2±5.3 kg) participated in 10 therapeutic horse riding sessions. Two English Thoroughbreds with similar body constitution (aged 19 and 14 years) were used in the experiment...
2015: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26668260/equine-assisted-psychotherapy-for-adolescents-experiencing-depression-and-or-anxiety-a-therapist-s-perspective
#8
Kaitlyn Wilson, Melissa Buultjens, Melissa Monfries, Leila Karimi
Animal-Assisted Interventions (AAIs) are thought to overcome some of the limitations of traditional therapies as they do not rely exclusively on language as a medium for change. One such Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) approach involves horses as a therapeutic medium. Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP) comprises a collaborative effort between a licensed therapist and a horse professional working with clients to address treatment goals. The purpose of the present Australian-based qualitative study was to examine EAP facilitators' perspectives on the biospychosocial benefits and therapeutic outcomes of EAP for adolescents experiencing depression and/or anxiety...
December 14, 2015: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26654868/the-efficacy-of-equine-assisted-activities-and-therapies-on-improving-physical-function
#9
REVIEW
B Rhett Rigby, Peter W Grandjean
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the physical benefits of therapeutic horseback riding and hippotherapy and suggest directions for future research. METHODS: Review of databases for peer-reviewed articles related to equine-assisted activities and therapies. Databases included MEDLINE via EBSCO, Web of Science, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Academic Search Complete. Articles were limited to those with full-text access published in English since 1987. RESULTS: Acute and residual improvements in physical benefits, such as gross motor function (e...
January 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26551748/effects-of-therapeutic-horse-riding-on-gait-cycle-parameters-and-some-aspects-of-behavior-of-children-with-autism
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H Steiner, Zs Kertesz
We studied effects of therapeutic riding on the development of children with autism. Experiments in walking is appropriate for assessing the coordination of movement and for following the changes. We found that therapeutic riding should be considered as a new form of rehabilitation. Twenty-six pupils (12 boys and 14 girls) of a special needs school participated in therapeutic riding. We analyzed walking twice during a school-term: full body analyses each time before and after one-month therapy. The research included a non-riding control group...
September 2015: Acta Physiologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26267972/nonprofit-charity-impacts-wounded-combat-veterans-and-children-facing-adversity
#11
Barbara O'Brien
Mental and physical health challenges, especially for returning war veterans and their families, is a growing national concern. A grassroots program featuring equine therapy for these patients and their families shows promise in increasing self-esteem and self-confidence, reducing isolation and depression, and improving speaking and writing skills.
September 2014: Nursing Economic$
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26210515/effectiveness-of-a-standardized-equine-assisted-therapy-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Marta Borgi, Dafne Loliva, Stefania Cerino, Flavia Chiarotti, Aldina Venerosi, Maria Bramini, Enrico Nonnis, Marco Marcelli, Claudia Vinti, Chiara De Santis, Francesca Bisacco, Monica Fagerlie, Massimo Frascarelli, Francesca Cirulli
In this study the effectiveness of an equine-assisted therapy (EAT) in improving adaptive and executive functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was examined (children attending EAT, n = 15, control group n = 13; inclusion criteria: IQ > 70). Therapeutic sessions consisted in structured activities involving horses and included both work on the ground and riding. Results indicate an improvement in social functioning in the group attending EAT (compared to the control group) and a milder effect on motor abilities...
January 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26167851/equine-assisted-activities-and-therapy-for-treating-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Byongsu Jang, Jihye Song, Jiwon Kim, Seonwoo Kim, Jiyoung Lee, Hye-Yeon Shin, Jeong-Yi Kwon, Yun-Hee Kim, Yoo-Sook Joung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical effects of equine-assisted activities and therapy (EAA/T) for treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children age 6-13 years. METHODS: This 12-week, prospective, open-label trial included 24 sessions of EAA/T. Twenty participants (19 boys and 1 girl) completed 12 weeks of EAA/T. Various clinical tests were administered at baseline and after EAA/T. Assessments included the investigator-administered ADHD-Rating Scale (ARS-I), Clinical Global Impressions (CGI)-Severity Scale, Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement Scale (CGI-I), Gordon Diagnostic System, Korea-Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL), Self-Esteem Scale, second edition of the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency (BOT-2), and quantitative electroencephalography...
September 2015: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25908525/therapist-designed-adaptive-riding-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#14
Mattana Angsupaisal, Baudina Visser, Anne Alkema, Marja Meinsma-van der Tuin, Carel G B Maathuis, Heleen Reinders-Messelink, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: It is debatable whether adaptive riding (AR) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) improves postural control and gross motor development. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to explore the feasibility of an extensive assessment protocol for a randomized controlled trial of therapist-designed adaptive riding (TDAR) in children with CP, with the goals of assessing the effect on child outcomes and evaluating working mechanisms of sitting postural control. DESIGN: A pretest-posttest group design with 2 baseline measurements was used...
August 2015: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25903817/%C3%AF-a-retrospective-clinical-review-of-extracellular-matrices-for-tissue-reconstruction-equine-pericardium-as-a-biological-covering-to-assist-with-wound-closure%C3%AF-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-%C3%AF
#15
Gerit Mulder, Daniel K Lee
Complex wounds frequently undergo surgical excision and grafting in an attempt to optimize the wound environment and to facilitate wound closure. Individuals who have not responded to conventional non-surgical therapies and dressings may not be good candidates for autologous grafting. A fully flexible, cross-linked, acellular equine pericardium biological xenograft was used to address difficult-to-treat and recalcitrant wounds of the lower extremity. Twenty-four complex wounds of varying etiology, including diabetic, venous, trauma, vasculitic, and post-surgical wounds underwent surgical debridement and xenograft application...
September 2009: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25782709/equine-assisted-therapy-for-anxiety-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#16
Julie L Earles, Laura L Vernon, Jeanne P Yetz
We tested the efficacy of the Equine Partnering Naturally(©) approach to equine-assisted therapy for treating anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Participants were 16 volunteers who had experienced a Criterion A traumatic event, such as a rape or serious accident, and had current PTSD symptoms above 31 on the PTSD Checklist (PCL-S; Weathers, Litz, Herman, Huska, & Keane, ). Participants engaged in tasks with horses for 6 weekly 2-hour sessions. Immediately following the final session, participants reported significantly reduced posttraumatic stress symptoms, d = 1...
April 2015: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25656988/multi-frequency-bioimpedance-in-equine-muscle-assessment
#17
Adrian Paul Harrison, Vibeke Sødring Elbrønd, Kiwa Riis-Olesen, Else Marie Bartels
Multi-frequency BIA (mfBIA) equipment has been shown to be a non-invasive and reliable method to assess a muscle as a whole or at fibre level. In the equine world this may be the future method of assessment of training condition or of muscle injury. The aim of this study was to test if mfBIA reliably can be used to assess the condition of a horse's muscles in connection with health assessment, injury and both training and re-training. mfBIA measurements was carried out on 10 'hobby' horses and 5 selected cases with known anamnesis...
March 2015: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25640262/navigational-ultrasound-imaging-a-novel-imaging-tool-for-aiding-interventional-therapies-of-equine-musculoskeletal-injuries
#18
M Lustgarten, W R Redding, L V Schnabel, T Prange, G S Seiler
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Navigational ultrasound imaging, also known as fusion imaging, is a novel technology that allows real-time ultrasound imaging to be correlated with a previously acquired computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. It has been used in man to aid interventional therapies and has been shown to be valuable for sampling and assessing lesions diagnosed with MRI or CT that are equivocal on ultrasonography. To date, there are no reports of the use of this modality in veterinary medicine...
March 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25551626/effect-of-hippotherapy-on-gross-motor-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeong-Yi Kwon, Hyun Jung Chang, Sook-Hee Yi, Ji Young Lee, Hye-Yeon Shin, Yun-Hee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether hippotherapy has a clinically significant effect on gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient therapy center. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two children with CP, aged 4-10 years, presenting variable function (Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] levels I-IV). INTERVENTION: Hippotherapy (30 minutes twice weekly for 8 consecutive weeks)...
January 2015: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25548091/the-effect-of-therapeutic-horseback-riding-on-balance-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-pilot-study
#20
Tamara D Homnick, Kim M Henning, Charlene V Swain, Douglas N Homnick
Equine assisted activities (hippotherapy and therapeutic riding) improve balance in patients with disabilities such as cerebral palsy, but have not been systematically studied in older adults, at risk of falls due to balance deficits. We conducted a 10-week, single blind, controlled trial of the effect of a therapeutic horseback riding course on measures of balance in community-dwelling adults 65 years and older. Nine riders and six controls completed the trial. Controls were age matched to riders and all participants were recruited from the local community...
February 2015: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
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