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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938710/hormone-therapy-use-and-risk-of-chronic-disease-in-the-nurses-health-study-a-comparative-analysis-with-the-women-s-health-initiative
#1
Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Francine Grodstein, Bernard A Rosner, Meir J Stampfer, Frank B Hu, Walter C Willett, JoAnn E Manson
Observational studies and randomized controlled trials of menopausal hormone therapy (HT) and chronic disease risk appear to have divergent results for cardiovascular disease. However, differences may be related to a modifying effect of age, time since menopause, and HT formulation. In the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) (enrolling during 1980-1994 and following participants until 2002), we investigated associations between the use of oral conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) (0.625 mg/day) plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (<10 mg/day) or oral CEE alone and cardiovascular disease, cancer, all-cause mortality, and other major endpoints among postmenopausal women, aged 50-79 years at HT initiation...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906588/surface-glycan-pattern-of-canine-equine-and-ovine-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#2
Salvatore Desantis, Gianluca Accogli, Antonio Crovace, Edda G Francioso, Alberto Maria Crovace
The use of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for clinical and experimental studies is increasing, but full characterization of MSCs in veterinary species is hindered by the variability in species-specific cell surface marker expression and antibody cross reactivity. Recent studies demonstrated that the glycans in the glycocalyx of MSCs are promising candidates as cell biomarkers. In the present study, we analyzed the glycocalyx of canine MSCs (cMSCs), ovine MSCs (oMSCs), and equine MSCs (eMSCs) using a cell microarray procedure in which MSCs were spotted on microarray slides and incubated with a panel of 14 biotinylated lectins and Cy3-conjugated streptavidin...
September 14, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898378/menopausal-hormone-therapy-and-long-term-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-the-women-s-health-initiative-randomized-trials
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
JoAnn E Manson, Aaron K Aragaki, Jacques E Rossouw, Garnet L Anderson, Ross L Prentice, Andrea Z LaCroix, Rowan T Chlebowski, Barbara V Howard, Cynthia A Thomson, Karen L Margolis, Cora E Lewis, Marcia L Stefanick, Rebecca D Jackson, Karen C Johnson, Lisa W Martin, Sally A Shumaker, Mark A Espeland, Jean Wactawski-Wende
Importance: Health outcomes from the Women's Health Initiative Estrogen Plus Progestin and Estrogen-Alone Trials have been reported, but previous publications have generally not focused on all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Objective: To examine total and cause-specific cumulative mortality, including during the intervention and extended postintervention follow-up, of the 2 Women's Health Initiative hormone therapy trials. Design, Setting, and Participants: Observational follow-up of US multiethnic postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years enrolled in 2 randomized clinical trials between 1993 and 1998 and followed up through December 31, 2014...
September 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891700/rhabdomyolysis-and-artifactual-increase-in-plasma-bicarbonate-concentration-in-an-amazon-parrot-amazona-species
#4
Mary K Leissinger, James G Johnson, Thomas N Tully, Stephen D Gaunt
A 7-year-old male Amazon parrot housed outdoors presented with acute collapse, marked lethargy, and open-mouth breathing. The patient had stiffness of the pectoral muscles, and petechiation and ecchymosis noted around the eyes and beneath the mandible. Laboratory data revealed markedly increased aspartate aminotransferase, creatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase activity consistent with rhabdomyolysis, as well as markedly increased plasma bicarbonate concentration. Marked clinical improvement and resolution of laboratory abnormalities occurred with fluid therapy, administration of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, and husbandry modifications, including indoor housing and dietary alteration...
September 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884783/ex-vivo-model-unravelling-cell-distribution-effect-in-hydrogels-for-cartilage-repair
#5
Vivian H M Mouser, Noël M M Dautzenberg, Riccardo Levato, Mattie H P van Rijen, Wouter J A Dhert, Jos Malda, Debby Gawlitta
The implantation of chondrocyte-laden hydrogels is a promising cartilage repair strategy. Chondrocytes can be spatially positioned in hydrogels and thus in defects, while current clinical cell-therapies introduce chondrocytes in the defect depth. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of spatial chondrocyte distribution on the reparative process. To reduce animal experiments, an ex vivo osteochondral plug model was used and evaluated. Finally, the role of the delivered and endogenous cells in the repair process was investigated...
September 8, 2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884679/the-integration-of-a-macrophage-adapted-live-vaccine-strain-of-equine-infectious-anaemia-virus-eiav-in-the-horse-genome
#6
Qiang Liu, Xue-Feng Wang, Cheng Du, Yue-Zhi Lin, Jian Ma, Yu-Hong Wang, Jian-Hua Zhou, Xiaojun Wang
Integration is an important feature of retroviruses and retrovirus-based therapeutic transfection vectors. The non-primate lentivirus equine infectious anaemia virus (EIAV) primarily targets macrophages/monocytes in vivo. Investigation of the integration features of EIAVDLV121 strains, which are adapted to donkey monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs), is of great interest. In this study, we analysed the integration features of EIAVDLV121 in equine MDMs during in vitro infection. Our previously published integration sites (IS) for EIAVFDDV13 in fetal equine dermal (FED) cells were also analysed in parallel as references...
September 7, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874149/comparison-of-computed-tomography-and-high-field-3-0%C3%A2-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-age-related-variances-in-selected-equine-maxillary-cheek-teeth-and-adjacent-tissues
#7
Christin Schoppe, Maren Hellige, Karl Rohn, Bernhard Ohnesorge, Astrid Bienert-Zeit
BACKGROUND: Modern imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have the advantage of producing images without superimposition. Whilst CT is a well-established technique for dental diagnostics, MRI examinations are rarely used for the evaluation of dental diseases in horses. Regarding equine endodontic therapies which are increasingly implemented, MRI could help to portray changes of the periodontal ligament and display gross pulpar anatomy...
September 6, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869493/vaccines-against-botulism
#8
REVIEW
Grace Sundeen, Joseph T Barbieri
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) cause the flaccid paralysis of botulism by inhibiting the release of acetylcholine from motor neurons. There are seven serotypes of BoNT (A-G), with limited therapies, and no FDA approved vaccine for botulism. An investigational formalin-inactivated penta-serotype-BoNT/A-E toxoid vaccine was used to vaccinate people who are at high risk of contracting botulism. However, this formalin-inactivated penta-serotype-BoNT/A-E toxoid vaccine was losing potency and was discontinued. This article reviews the different vaccines being developed to replace the discontinued toxoid vaccine...
September 2, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860416/estrogen-progestin-therapy-causes-a-greater-increase-in-spinal-bone-mineral-density-than-estrogen-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials-with-direct-randomization
#9
J C Prior, V R Seifert-Klauss, D Giustini, J D Adachi, S Kalyan, A Goshtasebi
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether progesterone (P4) or osteoblast P4 receptor-acting progestin (P) contributed to estrogen (E) therapy-related increased areal bone mineral density (BMD) in randomized controlled trials (RCT) with direct randomization to estrogen (ET) or estrogen-progestin (EPT) therapy. METHODS: Systematic literature searches in biomedical databases identified RCT with direct randomization and parallel estrogen doses that measured spinal BMD change/year...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851519/bioactive-glass-ceramic-nanoparticles-coated-poly-l-lactic-acid-scaffold-improved-osteogenic-differentiation-of-adipose-stem-cells-in-equine
#10
Fatemeh Sadat Mahdavi, Abdolreza Salehi, Ehsan Seyedjafari, Abdollah Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi
Horses with big bone fractures have low chance to live mainly due to the lake of a proper treatment strategy. We believe that further attempts in equine bone tissue engineering will probably be required to meet all the needs for the lesion therapies. Therefore in this study we aimed to investigate the osteogenic differentiation capacity of equine adipose-derived stem cells (e-ASCs) on nano-bioactive glass (nBGs) coated poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanofibers scaffold (nBG-PLLA). Using electrospinning technique, PLLA scaffold was prepared successfully and coated with nBGs...
July 20, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846767/effects-of-oral-vs-transdermal-estrogen-therapy-on-sexual-function-in-early-postmenopause-ancillary-study-of-the-kronos-early-estrogen-prevention-study-keeps
#11
Hugh S Taylor, Aya Tal, Lubna Pal, Fangyong Li, Dennis M Black, Eliot A Brinton, Matthew J Budoff, Marcelle I Cedars, Wei Du, Howard N Hodis, Rogerio A Lobo, JoAnn E Manson, George R Merriam, Virginia M Miller, Frederick Naftolin, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Nanette F Santoro, Sherman M Harman
Importance: Sexual dysfunction, an important determinant of women's health and quality of life, is commonly associated with declining estrogen levels around the menopausal transition. Objective: To determine the effects of oral or transdermal estrogen therapy vs placebo on sexual function in postmenopausal women. Design, Setting, and Participants: Ancillary study of the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (KEEPS), a 4-year prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of menopausal hormone therapy in healthy, recently menopausal women...
August 28, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846683/acylcarnitines-profile-best-predicts-survival-in-horses-with-atypical-myopathy
#12
François Boemer, Johann Detilleux, Christophe Cello, Hélène Amory, Christel Marcillaud-Pitel, Eric Richard, Gaby van Galen, Gunther van Loon, Laurence Lefère, Dominique-Marie Votion
Equine atypical myopathy (AM) is caused by hypoglycin A intoxication and is characterized by a high fatality rate. Predictive estimation of survival in AM horses is necessary to prevent unnecessary suffering of animals that are unlikely to survive and to focus supportive therapy on horses with a possible favourable prognosis of survival. We hypothesized that outcome may be predicted early in the course of disease based on the assumption that the acylcarnitine profile reflects the derangement of muscle energetics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837082/rna-interference-and-bmp-2-stimulation-allows-equine-chondrocytes-redifferentiation-in-3d-hypoxia-cell-culture-model-application-for-matrix-induced-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation
#13
Rodolphe Rakic, Bastien Bourdon, Magalie Hervieu, Thomas Branly, Florence Legendre, Nathalie Saulnier, Fabrice Audigié, Stéphane Maddens, Magali Demoor, Philippe Galera
As in humans, osteoarthritis (OA) causes considerable economic loss to the equine industry. New hopes for cartilage repair have emerged with the matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI). Nevertheless, its limitation is due to the dedifferentiation occurring during the chondrocyte amplification phase, leading to the loss of its capacity to produce a hyaline extracellular matrix (ECM). To enhance the MACI therapy efficiency, we have developed a strategy for chondrocyte redifferentiation, and demonstrated its feasibility in the equine model...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832429/effects-of-oral-versus-transdermal-menopausal-hormone-treatments-on-self-reported-sleep-domains-and-their-association-with-vasomotor-symptoms-in-recently-menopausal-women-enrolled-in-the-kronos-early-estrogen-prevention-study-keeps
#14
Dahima Cintron, Brian D Lahr, Kent R Bailey, Nanette Santoro, Robin Lloyd, JoAnn E Manson, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Lubna Pal, Hugh S Taylor, Whitney Wharton, Fredrick Naftolin, S Mitchell Harman, Virginia M Miller
OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether two different formulations of hormone therapy (HT): oral conjugated equine estrogens (o-CEE; 0.45 mg/d, n = 209), transdermal 17β-estradiol (t-E2; 50 μg/d, n = 201) plus cyclic progesterone (Prometrium, 200 mg) or placebo (PBO, n = 243) affected sleep domains in participants of the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. METHODS: Participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index at baseline and during the intervention at 6, 18, 36, and 48 months...
August 21, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822690/microrna29a-treatment-improves-early-tendon-injury
#15
Ashlee E Watts, Neal L Millar, Josh Platt, Susan M Kitson, Moeed Akbar, Raquel Rech, Jay Griffin, Roy Pool, Tom Hughes, Iain B McInnes, Derek S Gilchrist
Tendon injuries (tendinopathies) are common in human and equine athletes and characterized by dysregulated collagen matrix, resulting in tendon damage. We have previously demonstrated a functional role for microRNA29a (miR29a) as a post-transcriptional regulator of collagen 3 expression in murine and human tendon injury. Given the translational potential, we designed a randomized, blinded trial to evaluate the potential of a miR29a replacement therapy as a therapeutic option to treat tendinopathy in an equine model that closely mimics human disease...
July 28, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816930/associations-among-circulating-csf-1-estrogen-and-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-results-from-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Andrea V Haas, Elaine Cong, Christine A Simpson, Nitin Sukumar, Yanhong Deng, Karl L Insogna
OBJECTIVE: This study addresses the relationship between circulating levels of colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) and rates of postmenopausal bone loss. The purpose was to test the hypothesis that CSF-1 levels would correlate with the rate of bone loss in estrogen-deficient woman. We further hypothesized that estrogen replacement would eliminate this association. METHODS: This was an ancillary study to the parent Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (KEEPS)-a 4-year randomized placebo-controlled study that evaluated the effects of estrogen therapy on cardiovascular endpoints...
August 14, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798541/animal-assisted-therapies-for-youth-with-or-at-risk-for-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review
#17
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Mary Acri, Meghan Morrissey, Robin Peth-Pierce
To systematically review experimental evidence about animal-assisted therapies (AAT) for children or adolescents with or at risk for mental health conditions, we reviewed all experimental AAT studies published between 2000-2015, and compared studies by animal type, intervention, and outcomes. METHODS: Studies were included if used therapeutically for children and adolescents (≤21 years) with or at risk for a mental health problem; used random assignment or a waitlist comparison/control group; and included child-specific outcome data...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797029/successful-use-of-equine-anti-thymocyte-globulin-atgam-for-fulminant-myocarditis-secondary-to-nivolumab-therapy
#18
Rebecca Y Tay, Elizabeth Blackley, Catriona McLean, Maggie Moore, Peter Bergin, Sanjeev Gill, Andrew Haydon
BACKGROUND: Immune-mediated myocarditis is an uncommon adverse effect of immune checkpoint inhibition and is associated with a high rate of mortality. METHODS: In this reported case, a 64-year-old woman with right temporo-parietal glioblastoma IDH-WT was treated with nivolumab, temozolomide and radiation therapy on a clinical trial. She developed malignant arrhythmias secondary to histologically confirmed severe immune-mediated myocarditis. She was treated with equine anti-thymocyte globulin (ATGAM) due to development of malignant arrhythmias refractory to high-dose corticosteroids...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796905/aerobic-uterine-isolates-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-mares-with-post-partum-metritis
#19
M S Ferrer, R Palomares
BACKGROUND: The potential for life-threatening complications of metritis requires prompt initiation of antimicrobial treatment, often before microbiological test results are reported. However, published studies to guide first-line antibiotic selection are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To report the most frequent bacterial species, antimicrobial susceptibility and prevalence of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cases of equine metritis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of uterine bacterial culture and antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) results from mares with metritis...
August 10, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792626/advanced-three-dimensional-culture-of-equine-intestinal-epithelial-stem-cells
#20
A Stieler Stewart, J M Freund, L M Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Intestinal epithelial stem cells are critical to epithelial repair following gastrointestinal injury. The culture of intestinal stem cells has quickly become a cornerstone of a vast number of new research endeavours that range from determining tissue viability to testing drug efficacy for humans. This study aims to describe the methods of equine stem cell culture and highlights the future benefits of these techniques for the advancement of equine medicine. OBJECTIVES: To describe the isolation and culture of small intestinal stem cells into three-dimensional (3D) enteroids in horses without clinical gastrointestinal abnormalities...
August 9, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
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