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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329623/parasite-control-strategies-used-by-equine-owners-in-the-united-states-a-national-survey
#1
M K Nielsen, M A Branan, A M Wiedenheft, R Digianantonio, L P Garber, C A Kopral, A M Phillippi-Taylor, J L Traub-Dargatz
The widespread occurrence of anthelmintic resistance in equine parasites across the world has led to recommendations of fecal egg count-based parasite programs to reduce treatment intensity and thereby delay further development of resistance as much as possible. The most recent study describing equine parasite control in the United States was conducted 20 years ago, and little is known about current strategies employed. This study was part of the National Animal Health Monitoring Systems (NAHMS) Equine 2015 Study, and aimed to describe equine parasite control strategies in the U...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314148/3d-reconstruction-of-the-porcine-and-equine-pulmonary-veins-supplemented-with-the-identification-of-telocytes-in-the-horse
#2
T Vandecasteele, W Van Den Broeck, H Tay, L Couck, G van Loon, P Cornillie
The myocardial sleeve of the porcine and equine pulmonary veins were histologically investigated and reconstructed three dimensionally. Moreover, the localization of neuron cell bodies at the veno-atrial junction and alongside the myocardial sleeve was light microscopically visualized to depict the organization of nerve, myocardial and fat tissue. Finally, the presence of telocytes inside the equine pulmonary veins was demonstrated by use of transmission electron microscopy. These structures are thought to play a role in the induction of atrial fibrillation, which is frequently seen in horses, while pigs are often used as a cardiovascular model in this context...
January 3, 2018: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241527/equine-assisted-therapy-intervention-studies-targeting-physical-symptoms-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#3
Sharon White-Lewis, Cynthia Russell, Rebecca Johnson, An Lin Cheng, Nancy McClain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208690/aortic-hemodynamics-in-postmenopausal-women-following-cessation-of-hormone-therapy
#4
Ronée E Harvey, Maja C Johnson, Sushant M Ranadive, Michael J Joyner, Brian D Lahr, Virginia M Miller, Jill N Barnes
Central (aortic) blood pressure and aortic pulse wave characteristics are measures of cardiovascular health, predictive of cardiovascular mortality. Previous studies have compared aortic hemodynamics in women who do and do not take menopausal hormone therapy, but characteristics of these parameters following cessation of treatment have not been defined. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to define aortic pulse wave characteristics in postmenopausal women with and without a history of menopausal hormone therapy use...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207466/evaluation-of-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-alone-or-in-combination-with-hydroxyapatite-on-human-periosteal-cells-bone-differentiation-and-in-sinus-lift-treatment
#5
Gabriele Ceccarelli, Rossella Presta, Saturnino Marco Lupi, Nefele Giarratana, Nora Bloise, Laura Benedetti, Maria Gabriella Cusella De Angelis, Ruggero Rodriguez Y Baena
Most recent advances in tissue engineering in the fields of oral surgery and dentistry have aimed to restore hard and soft tissues. Further improvement of these therapies may involve more biological approaches and the use of dental tissue stem cells in combination with inorganic/organic scaffolds. In this study, we analyzed the osteoconductivity of two different inorganic scaffolds based on poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid alone (PLGA-Fisiograft) or in combination with hydroxyapatite (PLGA/HA-Alos) in comparison with an organic material based on equine collagen (PARASORB Sombrero) both in vitro and in vivo...
December 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198841/-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-isolates-of-streptococcus-equi-subsp-equi-from-buenos-aires-province-argentina
#6
Carla P Bustos, María J Marfil, Natalia S Lanza, Nora Guida
Streptococcus equi subsp. equi is the etiologic agent of strangles, an infectious disease affecting the upper respiratory tract and head and neck lymph nodes of equines. Routine antimicrobial therapy includes penicillin (PEN) as antibiotic of first choice. Streptococci are usually susceptible to PEN and only a few antimicrobial studies had been performed. The aim of this work was to study the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of S. equi from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Ninety-two isolates were studied by the single disk method to PEN, cefotaxime, erythromycin (ERY), tetracycline, enrofloxacin (ENR), trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (TMS), ciprofloxacin, clindamycin (CLI), streptomycin (STR) and florfenicol...
November 30, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187689/-a-case-of-leptomeningeal-melanomatosis-with-acute-paraplegia-and-multiple-cranial-nerve-palsies
#7
Kasumi Hattori, Nozomu Matsuda, Takenobu Murakami, Eiichi Ito, Yoshikazu Ugawa
A 62-year-old man with acute paraplegia was transferred to our hospital. He had flaccid paraplegia and multiple cranial nerve palsies, such as mydriasis of the left pupil, abduction palsy of the left eye, hoarseness and dysphagia, but no meningeal irritation signs. MRI of the spinal canal showed swellings of the conus medullaris and the cauda equine, and also contrast enhancement of the spinal meninges. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed pleocytosis and protein increment. The lymph node was swollen in his right axilla...
November 28, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183806/the-antagonist-properties-of-bazedoxifene-after-acute-treatment-are-shifted-to-stimulatory-action-after-chronic-exposure-in-the-liver-but-not-in-the-uterus
#8
Mélissa Buscato, Coralie Fontaine, Aurélie Fabre, Alexia Vinel, Marie-Cécile Valera, Emmanuelle Noirrit, Maeva Guillaume, Bernard Payrastre, Raphaël Métivier, Jean-François Arnal
A promising alternative to conventional hormone therapy for postmenopausal symptoms is treatment combining Bazedoxifene (BZA), a third-generation selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), and conjugated equine estrogen (CE). This combination is also known as a tissue-selective estrogen complex (TSEC). Understanding the tissue-specific actions of SERMs and the TSEC remains a major challenge to try to predict their clinical effects. The aim of this study was to compare acute versus chronic treatment with BZA, CE or CE + BZA in two major targets of estrogens, the uterus and the liver...
November 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183574/assessment-of-a-novel-equine-tarsocrural-experimental-joint-disease-model-using-recombinant-interleukin-1%C3%AE-and-arthroscopic-articular-sampling-of-the-medial-malleolus-of-the-tibia-on-the-standing-sedated-horse
#9
B B Nelson, M R King, D D Frisbie
Joint disease and osteoarthritis are common problems in the horse and numerous experimental studies have been developed to determine the safety and efficacy of new therapies. Synovitis, a critical component of joint disease, has been experimentally induced using recombinant interleukin-1 beta (reIL-1β) to investigate new joint therapies in a controlled environment, although the use of reIL-1β has not been reported in the equine tarsocrural joint. A common consequence of performing controlled experiments is that articular tissue collection typically requires general anesthesia or euthanasia...
November 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158683/animal-models-of-asthma-utility-and-limitations
#10
REVIEW
Marcelo Vivolo Aun, Rafael Bonamichi-Santos, Fernanda Magalhães Arantes-Costa, Jorge Kalil, Pedro Giavina-Bianchi
Clinical studies in asthma are not able to clear up all aspects of disease pathophysiology. Animal models have been developed to better understand these mechanisms and to evaluate both safety and efficacy of therapies before starting clinical trials. Several species of animals have been used in experimental models of asthma, such as Drosophila, rats, guinea pigs, cats, dogs, pigs, primates and equines. However, the most common species studied in the last two decades is mice, particularly BALB/c. Animal models of asthma try to mimic the pathophysiology of human disease...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152317/bone-marrow-derived-multipotent-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-from-horses-after-euthanasia
#11
Carmen Schröck, Carina Eydt, Florian Geburek, Lena Kaiser, Felicitas Päbst, Janina Burk, Christiane Pfarrer, Carsten Staszyk
Allogeneic equine multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (eMSCs) have been proposed for use in regenerative therapies in veterinary medicine. A source of allogeneic eMSCs might be the bone marrow from euthanized horses. The purpose of this study was to compare in vitro characteristics of equine bone marrow derived eMSC (eBM-MSCs) from euthanized horses (eut-MSCs) and from narcotized horses (nar-MSCs). Eut-MSCs and nar-MSCs showed typical eMSC marker profiles (positive: CD44, CD90; negative: CD11a/CD18 and MHCII) and possessed tri-lineage differentiation characteristics...
November 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149179/postmenopausal-hormone-therapy-and-risk-of-stroke-a-pooled-analysis-of-data-from-population-based-cohort-studies
#12
Germán D Carrasquilla, Paolo Frumento, Anita Berglund, Christer Borgfeldt, Matteo Bottai, Chiara Chiavenna, Mats Eliasson, Gunnar Engström, Göran Hallmans, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Patrik K Magnusson, Peter M Nilsson, Nancy L Pedersen, Alicja Wolk, Karin Leander
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates a favourable influence of postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) if initiated early, but not late, on subclinical atherosclerosis. However, the clinical relevance of timing of HT initiation for hard end points such as stroke remains to be determined. Further, no previous research has considered the timing of initiation of HT in relation to haemorrhagic stroke risk. The importance of the route of administration, type, active ingredient, and duration of HT for stroke risk is also unclear...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146097/descriptive-study-of-current-therapeutic-practices-clinical-reproductive-findings-and-incidence-of-pregnancy-loss-in-intensively-managed-thoroughbred-mares
#13
B V Rose, M Firth, B Morris, J M Roach, D C Wathes, K L P Verheyen, A M de Mestre
Therapeutic practices in equine reproductive medicine have dramatically evolved over the last 20 years but current usage is not described. The aims of this study were to provide a description of medication use and clinical findings of reproductive examinations alongside measures of reproductive efficiency in thoroughbreds. A prospective cohort study was conducted in the 2013 and 2014 breeding seasons. Mare and stallion details, information on veterinary interventions and findings of reproductive ultrasound scans were collected using questionnaires and entered into a custom-designed Microsoft Access database...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115950/the-prevalence-of-ocular-diseases-in-polish-arabian-horses
#14
Katarzyna Paschalis-Trela, Anna Cywińska, Jan Trela, Michał Czopowicz, Jerzy Kita, Lucjan Witkowski
BACKGROUND: Equine ocular diseases pose a medical challenge due to long-lasting and cost-consuming therapies as well as economic issues associated with potential decrease in value of affected horses. The scale of the problem is significant but difficult to precisely define because epidemiological data is limited and lacks consistency in presentation. To date, no retrospective studies specifically investigating Arabian horses have been published. RESULTS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of ocular lesions and define the ocular diseases present in Arabian horses from breeding farms in Poland...
November 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114027/an-alphavirus-e2-membrane-proximal-domain-promotes-envelope-protein-lateral-interactions-and-virus-budding
#15
Emily A Byrd, Margaret Kielian
Alphaviruses are members of a group of small enveloped RNA viruses that includes important human pathogens such as Chikungunya virus and the equine encephalitis viruses. The virus membrane is covered by a lattice composed of 80 spikes, each a trimer of heterodimers of the E2 and E1 transmembrane proteins. During virus endocytic entry, the E1 glycoprotein mediates the low-pH-dependent fusion of the virus membrane with the endosome membrane, thus initiating virus infection. While much is known about E1 structural rearrangements during membrane fusion, it is unclear how the E1/E2 dimer dissociates, a step required for the fusion reaction...
November 7, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103560/equine-glaucoma
#16
REVIEW
Tammy Miller Michau
Glaucoma is a multifactorial neurodegenerative ocular disease leading to progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells and their axons that form the optic nerve, causing blindness. Knowledge of the pathogenesis and development of equine glaucoma is in its infancy compared with human glaucoma. Glaucoma occurs most commonly secondary to uveitis and may be underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed in horses suffering from uveitis. Recognition and clinical diagnosis of glaucoma in the horse is improved with clinician awareness and the availability of handheld tonometers...
December 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097962/translational-research-for-occupational-therapy-using-spre-in-hippotherapy-for-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#17
Deborah Weissman-Miller, Rosalie J Miller, Mary P Shotwell
Translational research is redefined in this paper using a combination of methods in statistics and data science to enhance the understanding of outcomes and practice in occupational therapy. These new methods are applied, using larger data and smaller single-subject data, to a study in hippotherapy for children with developmental disabilities (DD). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates DD affects nearly 10 million children, aged 2-19, where diagnoses may be comorbid. Hippotherapy is defined here as a treatment strategy in occupational therapy using equine movement to achieve functional outcomes...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064321/metabolic-syndrome-in-menopause-and-associated-factors-a-meta-analysis
#18
D Pu, R Tan, Q Yu, J Wu
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Menopause is associated with an increased risk for MetS. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to better understand the relationship between MetS and menopause. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for all the associated articles on (1) MetS components in postmenopausal women vs. premenopausal women, (2) comparison of MetS incidence between surgical menopause and natural menopause, (3) the effect of hormone therapy (HT) with 17β-estradiol (E2) compared to conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) on MetS components among postmenopausal women...
October 24, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063737/allogeneic-stem-cells-alter-gene-expression-and-improve-healing-of-distal-limb-wounds-in-horses
#19
Jamie A Textor, Kaitlin C Clark, Naomi J Walker, Fabio A Aristizobal, Amir Kol, Sarah S LeJeune, Andrea Bledsoe, Arik Davidyan, Sarah N Gray, Laurie K Bohannon-Worsley, Kevin D Woolard, Dori L Borjesson
Distal extremity wounds are a significant clinical problem in horses and humans and may benefit from mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy. This study evaluated the effects of direct wound treatment with allogeneic stem cells, in terms of gross, histologic, and transcriptional features of healing. Three full-thickness cutaneous wounds were created on each distal forelimb in six healthy horses, for a total of six wounds per horse. Umbilical cord-blood derived equine MSCs were applied to each wound 1 day after wound creation, in one of four forms: (a) normoxic- or (b) hypoxic-preconditioned cells injected into wound margins, or (c) normoxic- or (d) hypoxic-preconditioned cells embedded in an autologous fibrin gel and applied topically to the wound bed...
October 24, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050919/anthelmintic-therapy-of-equine-cyathostomin-nematodes-larvicidal-efficacy-egg-reappearance-period-and-drug-resistance
#20
Jennifer L Bellaw, Kristen Krebs, Craig R Reinemeyer, Jamie K Norris, Jessica A Scare, Stefanie Pagano, Martin K Nielsen
Cyathostomins are ubiquitous in grazing horses across the world, and anthelmintic resistance has been reported with increasing levels over past decades. The aims of the present study were (i) to investigate the efficacy against encysted larval stages of moxidectin (0.4 mg/kg) and fenbendazole (10 mg/kg daily for five consecutive days) and compare these regimens at 2 and 5 weeks post-treatment, (ii) to investigate individual cyathostomin species associated with shortened egg reappearance periods, and (iii) to document species exhibiting decreased susceptibility to the evaluated compounds...
October 16, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
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