keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Dental" OR "Dentistry"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938329/mandibular-osteomyelitis-and-cervical-lymphadenitis-due-to-mycobacterium-abscessus-surgical-management-of-a-pediatric-cohort-with-a-shared-epidemiologic-exposure
#1
Peter W Thompson, Joseph K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium abscessus has been implicated as the cause of various infections in the setting of healthcare-related "outbreaks." Mandibular osteomyelitis caused by M abscessus is exceedingly rare, with only 1 patient reported in the literature. The authors describe the surgical management of 12 pediatric patients with M abscessus-related mandibular osteomyelitis and cervical lymphadenitis caused by exposure to contaminated water at a regional dental clinic. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, new suspected patients were reviewed and followed prospectively...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938197/a-collagen-membrane-containing-osteogenic-protein-1-facilitates-bone-regeneration-in-a-rat-mandibular-bone-defect
#2
Manami Ozaki, Tadahiro Takayama, Takanobu Yamamoto, Yasumasa Ozawa, Mayu Nagao, Natsuko Tanabe, Akira Nakajima, Naoto Suzuki, Masao Maeno, Seiichi Yamano, Shuichi Sato
OBJECTIVES: Osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) has shown osteoinductive activities and is useful for clinical treatments, including bone regeneration. Regenerative procedures using a bioabsorbable collagen membrane (BCM) are well established in periodontal and implant dentistry. We evaluated the subsequent effects of the BCM in combination with OP-1 on bone regeneration in a rat mandibular circular critical-sized bone defect in vivo. DESIGN: We used 8 rats that received surgery in both sides of the mandible, and created the total 16 defects which were divided into 4 groups: Group 1; no treatment, as a control, Group 2; BCM alone, Group 3; BCM containing low dose 0...
September 8, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938149/the-genetic-influence-in-fluorosis
#3
REVIEW
Sreemanta Pramanik, Depanwita Saha
Fluorosis, caused by ingestion of excess fluoride, is endemic in at least 25 countries across the globe, China and India being the worst affected among them. Dental, skeletal and non-skeletal are the major types of fluorosis affecting millions of people in these countries. A number of genetic epidemiological studies carried out by investigators have shown the evidence for association between genetic polymorphisms in candidate genes and differences in the susceptibility pattern of different types of fluorosis among individuals living in the same community and having the same environmental exposure...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938035/guided-bone-regeneration-with-collagen-membranes-and-particulate-graft-materials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Bastian Wessing, Stefan Lettner, Werner Zechner
PURPOSE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate different methods for guided bone regeneration using collagen membranes and particulate grafting materials in implant dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic database search and hand search were performed for all relevant articles dealing with guided bone regeneration in implant dentistry published between 1980 and 2014. Only randomized clinical trials and prospective controlled studies were included...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938034/influence-of-partial-o%C3%A2-pressure-on-the-adhesion-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-on-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-scaffold
#5
Jose Viña-Almunia, Cristina Mas-Bargues, Consuelo Borras, Juan Gambini, Marya El Alami, Jorge Sanz-Ros, Miguel Peñarrocha, Jose Vina
PURPOSE: To analyze, in vitro, the influence of O₂ pressure on the adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) on β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DPSC, positive for the molecular markers CD133, Oct4, Nestin, Stro-1, and CD34, and negative for CD45, were isolated from extracted third molars. Experiments were started by seeding 200,000 cells on β-TCP cultured under 3% or 21% O₂ pressure...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938031/evaluation-of-a-titanium-surface-treated-with-hydroxyapatite-nanocrystals-on-osteoblastic-cell-behavior-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Elizabeth Ferreira Martinez, Guilherme Junji Ishikawa, Alexandre Barboza de Lemos, Fábio José Barbosa Bezerra, Marcelo Sperandio, Marcelo Henrique Napimoga
PURPOSE: In the context of macrostructural and microstructural modifications to the design of dental implants, surface topography changes with different treatments have the purpose of accelerating bone formation. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the influence of aggregated hydroxyapatite nanocrystals to surfaces treated with double acid etching (Nano) on osteoblastic cell behavior compared with a conventional double acid-etched surface (DE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Commercially pure Grade 4 titanium discs (6 × 2 mm) were selected, and both cell proliferation and viability were assessed at 24, 48, and 72 hours using Trypan blue vital dye and MTT, respectively...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938029/prognosis-of-combining-remaining-teeth-and-implants-in-double-crown-retained-removable-dental-prostheses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Meifei Lian, Kai Zhao, Yunzhi Feng, Qian Yao
PURPOSE: The reliability of combining natural teeth and implants in one removable prosthesis is controversial. This systematic review was conducted to evaluate the prognosis of combined tooth/implant-supported double-crown-retained removable dental prostheses (DCR-RDPs) and to compare them with solely implant-supported prostheses with a minimum observation period of 3 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic database (PubMed, Embase, Central, and SCI) and manual searches up to August 2016 were conducted to identify human clinical studies on tooth/implant-supported DCR-RDPs...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937973/oral-and-dental-health-issues-in-people-with-mental-disorders
#8
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Israel González
Patients with mental disorders are subject to a greater number of risk factors for oral and dental disease than the general population. This is mostly caused by the side effects of the medications that they receive, lack of self-care, difficulty to access health services, a negative attitude towards healthcare providers, and patients’ lack of cooperation in dental treatments. The most common psychiatric disorders in our population are depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and dementia...
September 21, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937908/relationship-between-dental-procedures-and-shunt-infections-in-hydrocephalic-patients-a-narrative-review
#9
Chidambaram Ramasamy
Oral physicians frequently encounter medically compromised patients in their everyday practice and a sizable number of these patients are in urgent need of specialized care. One such medically specialized category is that of patients suffering from hydrocephalus. A large number of medical reports and citations in support of surgical care of the hydrocephalic disorder are available in literature. However, reports on dental studies offer contradictory statements on the relationship between hydrocephalic shunts and oral manoeuvres...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937903/guiding-the-child-s-teeth-with-class-iii-dental-malocclusion-into-correct-occlusion-a-clinician-s-parenting
#10
A Kapur, H S Chawla, A Utreja, A Goyal
Pediatric dentists are often the first ones to be consulted for the presence of an anterior cross bite in the primary dentition. The condition requires an early interception to avoid progressive dentoalveolar and skeletal changes. The management, however, poses unique challenges in terms of young age of the child, correct choice of appliance and unpredictability of the response to treatment due to inability to ascertain the inherent growth potential. It is very important therefore for the specialist, to be able to recognize the early signs of a developing class III malocclusion tendency and also know the basic details of successful management of such cases...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937902/comparing-dental-stress-in-new-child-patients-and-returning-patients-using-salivary-cortisol-immunoglobulin-a-and-alpha-amylase
#11
Sumer M Alaki, Ayman Safi, Soliman Ouda, Alaa Nadhreen
OBJECTIVES: this study was aimed at comparing dental stress in children having their first dental visit to those returning for dental treatment using salivary biomarkers of stress including salivary cortisol (s-cortisol), Immunoglobulin-A (s-IgA) and alpha-amylase (s-α-amylase). Additionally, the study was aimed at monitoring the change in stress in new patients as they progressed from the waiting to the clinical areas. STUDY DESIGN: salivary samples were collected from 40 children who had not been to a dentist before and similar samples were collected from 40 children who were returning for completion of dental treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937901/pulp-calcification-in-traumatized-primary-teeth-classification-clinical-and-radiographic-aspects
#12
Anna Carolina Volpi Mello-Moura, Ana Maria Antunes Santos, Gabriela Azevedo Vasconcelos Cunha Bonini, Cristina Giovannetti Del Conte Zardetto, Cacio Moura-Netto, Marcia Turolla Wanderley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to standardize the nomenclature of pulp alteration to pulp calcification (PC) and to classify it according to type, quantity and location, as well as relate it to clinical and radiographic features. STUDY DESIGN: The dental records of 946 patients from the Research and Clinical Center for Dental Trauma in Primary Teeth were studied. Two hundred and fifty PC-traumatized upper deciduous incisors were detected. RESULTS: According to radiographic analysis of the records, 62...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937900/parents-attitude-towards-the-use-of-fluorides-and-fissure-sealants-and-its-effect-on-their-children-s-oral-health
#13
Sigalit Blumer, Tal Ratson, Benjamin Peretz, Nurit Dagon
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the attitudes of Israeli parents towards caries preventive measures. STUDY DESIGN: participating parents completed a 21-item questionnaire on their demographics, dental history, attitudes and satisfaction from fluorides and fissure sealants. RESULTS: One hundred parents (average age 41.62±4.9 years, 85 females) participated. Most of the parents (88% of the mothers and 84% of the fathers) had an academic education...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937898/selective-reduction-of-talon-cusps-a-case-series
#14
Rona Leith, Anne C O'Connell
Talon cusps associated with permanent incisors are a rare occurrence but can cause numerous complications. When treatment is indicated options include radical or selective reduction of the accessory cusp, but there is no standard protocol for management. STUDY DESIGN: Patients referred to the Dublin Dental University Hospital for treatment of talon cusps were identified, contacted and consent obtained. Clinical notes, photographs and radiographs were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Eleven patients with 14 talon cusps were identified...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937897/the-role-of-genetic-factors-in-the-outbreak-mechanism-of-dental-caries
#15
Junko Shimomura-Kuroki, Tomoko Nashida, Yukio Miyagawa, Tsuneo Sekimoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between cariogenic bacterial infection and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes associated with dental caries, and to explore the factors related to caries in children. STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 3 to 11 years were selected. Detection of cariogenic bacteria (Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sobrinus and Lactobacillus) from the plaque of each patient, and SNP analyses of five candidate genes (MBL2, TAS2R38, GLUT2, MMP13 and CA6) were performed using DNA isolated from buccal mucosal cells...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937896/evaluation-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-to-assess-dental-treatment-in-preschool-children-with-early-childhood-caries-a-preliminary-study
#16
Ana Lúcia Vollú, Maria da Encarnação Perez Requejo da Costa, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
PURPOSE: The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was used to assess the outcome of dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Children (3.56±1.31years) affected by ECC were selected. Anamnesis, clinical and radiographic exams were performed. Data about sociodemographic aspects, OHRQoL and dmf-t index were collected. The Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) was applied in two time intervals: before and after 30 days of treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937895/supernumerary-teeth-in-the-maxillary-anterior-region-the-dilemma-of-early-versus-late-surgical-intervention
#17
Ofer Sarne, Yehoshua Shapira, Sigalit Blumer, Tamar Finkelstein, Shirley Schonberger, Naomi Bechor, Nir Shpack
Supernumerary teeth are the most common developmental dental anomalies in the maxillary anterior region causing interference to the developing permanent incisors resulting in poor dental and facial esthetics. Two different opinions regarding the timing for surgical removal of the supernumerary teeth are presented. In this case report, three brothers with supernumerary teeth in the maxillary anterior region are presented, their surgical and orthodontic management and outcome are discussed.
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937892/the-effect-of-mmp-13-mmp-12-and-ambn-on-gingival-enlargement-and-root-deformation-in-a-new-type-of-gingival-fibromatosis
#18
Chung-Min Kang, Jae-Ho Lee, Mijeong Jeon, Je Seon Song, Seong-Oh Kim
This case compared gene-expression between a new type of idiopathic gingival fibromatosis (IGF) and normal gingiva, to clarify the nature of the gingival overgrowth and dental anomaly. A 6-year-old girl with generalized gingival overgrowth and root deformations was diagnosed with IGF. Gene expression profiles were compared between normal gingiva (N=9) and one IGF gingiva using cDNA microarray. Genes related to regulation of cell proliferation and proteolytic degradation were expressed strongly in IGF. MMP-13 and MMP-12 expression were 120 times and 96 times lower in IGF, respectively, whereas AMBN expression was 79 times higher...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937891/barriers-and-drawbacks-of-the-assessment-of-dental-fear-dental-anxiety-and-dental-phobia-in-children-a-critical-literature-review
#19
N A Aminabadi, Marzieh Shokravi, Zahra Jamali, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: Dental anxiety, fear and phobia have different etiology, response patterns, time courses, and intensities that justify a clear distinction between these constructs. Differentiation of dental anxiety, fear or phobia in practice is a critical prerequisite for developing and implementing effective treatment for children. The aim of this study was to investigate whether current researches in the pediatric dentistry appropriately discriminate the central construct of dental anxiety, fear and phobia...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937890/the-use-of-restorative-materials-in-primary-molars-among-pediatric-dentists-in-israel
#20
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current choice of various restoration materials among Israeli pediatric dentists according to seniority and specialty. STUDY DESIGN: Participating dentists completed a 23-item questionnaire on their qualifications, type of practice and preference of restorative material. RESULTS: Seventy-five dentists (average age 46.27±12.6 years, 58 females) participated. Forty-one were specialist pediatric dentists and 34 were general practitioners...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
keyword
keyword
110640
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"