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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792910/perception-of-children-with-visible-untreated-and-treated-caries
#1
Claudia Tschammler, David Zimmermann, Sarah Batschkus, Annette Wiegand, Kristian Folta-Schoofs
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyse if children with untreated or treated caries (restorations/missing teeth) are perceived differently compared to children with healthy teeth and to explore possible differences in the perception by laypersons and dental experts. METHODS: Eye movements of female experts (n = 20) and laypersons (n = 18) were recorded by eye-tracking while paired images (neutral expression/teeth not visible; emotional expression/smiling, teeth visible) of children with healthy teeth, with visible untreated or treated caries (restorations/missing teeth as a consequence of caries treatment), each n = 13, were presented...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792543/restructuring-saudi-board-in-restorative-dentistry-sbrd-curriculum-using-canmeds-competency
#2
Bahiah Abdulaziz Al Askar, Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Ebtesam Ibrahim Al Wasill, Zubair Amin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of adopting the Canadian Medical Education Directions for Specialists (CanMEDS) 2015 competency framework in a dental specialty program to reconstruct the Saudi Board in Restorative Dentistry (SBRD) curriculum and disseminate the lessons learned. Method and development process: The process of curriculum development was started with the selection of SBRD curriculum committee and review of CanMEDS framework. The Committee conducted needs assessment among the stakeholders and adopted CanMEDS 2015 competencies through a careful process...
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792351/peroxiredoxin-6-inhibits-osteogenic-differentiation-and-bone-formation-through-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-and-induces-delayed-bone-development
#3
Kyung-Ran Park, Hyung-Mun Yun, In Jun Yeo, Sehyung Cho, Jin Tae Hong, Yong Seok Jeong
AIMS: Peroxiredoxins (PRDXs) are thiol-specific antioxidant enzymes that regulate redox balance that are critical for maintaining the cellular potential for self-renewal and stemness. Stem cell-based regenerative medicine is a promising approach in tissue reconstruction. However, to obtain functional cells for use in clinical applications, stem cell technology still requires improvements. RESULTS: In the present study, we found that PRDX6 levels were decreased during osteogenic differentiation in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs)...
May 24, 2018: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791876/extraction-and-characterization-of-cashew-tree-anacardium-occidentale-gum-use-in-aceclofenac-dental-pastes
#4
M Saquib Hasnain, Poonam Rishishwar, Sanjay Rishishwar, Sadath Ali, Amit Kumar Nayak
In the current work, the usefulness of extracted cashew tree gum (CG) as pharmaceutical excipient in dental pastes containing AC (for the pain management in the periodontitis) was investigated. CG was extracted from crude exudate of cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale, family: Anacardiaceae) (yield 19.22%). Physicochemical characteristics like colour, odour, taste, solubility, pH and viscosity of extracted CG were estimated; the phytochemical identification tests indicated the presence of carbohydrates and mucilage within it...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791693/decoronation-followed-by-dental-implants-placement-fundamentals-applications-and-explanations
#5
Alberto Consolaro, Paulo Domingos Ribeiro Júnior, Maurício A Cardoso, Dario A Oliveira Miranda, Monica Salfatis
Dental arches areas with teeth presenting dentoalveolar ankylosis and replacement root resorption can be considered as presenting normal bone, in full physiological remodeling process; and osseointegrated implants can be successfully placed. Bone remodeling will promote osseointegration, regardless of presenting ankylosis and/or replacement root resorption. After 1 to 10 years, all dental tissues will have been replaced by bone. The site, angulation and ideal positioning in the space to place the implant should be dictated exclusively by the clinical convenience, associated with previous planning...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791690/impact-of-two-early-treatment-protocols-for-anterior-dental-crossbite-on-children-s-quality-of-life
#6
Cristina Batista Miamoto, Leandro Silva Marques, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Saul Martins Paiva
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of two early treatment protocols for anterior dental crossbite on children's quality of life. METHODS: Thirty children, 8 to 10 years of age, with anterior dental crossbite, participated in this study. Individuals were divided into two groups: Group 1 - 15 children undergoing treatment with an upper removable appliance with digital springs; Group 2 - 15 children undergoing treatment with resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement bite pads on the lower first molars...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791689/tooth-transposition-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#7
Mirian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto, Maria Bernadete Sasso Stuani
Tooth transposition is one of the most difficult dental anomalies to treat in the dental clinic. Several factors must be taken into account with a view of making the best decision. The aim of this study was to discuss treatment modalities for tooth transposition, their advantages and disadvantages. Additionally, it aims at presenting a clinical case of transposition between canine and lateral incisor in the upper quadrant on the right side. The treatment of choice was extraction of one transposed tooth. A multidisciplinary approach involving Orthodontics, Cosmetic Dentistry, and Periodontology was necessary to allow proper esthetic and functional outcomes to be achieved...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791686/extruded-upper-first-molar-intrusion-comparison-between-unilateral-and-bilateral-miniscrew-anchorage
#8
Mari Miura Sugii, Bruno de Castro Ferreira Barreto, Waldemir Francisco Vieira-Júnior, Katia Regina Izola Simone, Ataís Bacchi, Ricardo Armini Caldas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of his study was to evaluate the stress on tooth and alveolar bone caused by orthodontic intrusion forces in a supraerupted upper molar, by using a three-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM). METHODS: A superior maxillary segment was modeled in the software SolidWorks 2010 (SolidWorks Corporation, Waltham, MA, USA) containing: cortical and cancellous bone, supraerupted first molar, periodontal tissue and orthodontic components. A finite element model has simulated intrusion forces of 4N onto a tooth, directed to different mini-screw locations...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791684/stability-of-the-anterior-arm-of-three-different-hyrax-hybrid-expanders-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Gonzalo de la Iglesia, André Walter, Fernando de la Iglesia, Heinz Winsauer, Andreu Puigdollers
INTRODUCTION: The force applied to the teeth by fixed orthopaedic expanders has previously been studied, but not the force applied to the orthodontic mini-implant (OMI) used to expand the maxilla with Hyrax hybrid expanders (HHE). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to evaluate the clinical safety of the components (OMI, abutment and double wire arms) of three different force-transmitting systems (FTS) for conducting orthopaedic maxillary expansion: Jeil Medical & Tiger Dental™, Microdent™ and Ortholox™...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791531/educational-interventions-in-health-services-and-oral-health-systematic-review
#10
Aryane Marques Menegaz, Alexandre Emídio Ribeiro Silva, Andreia Morales Cascaes
OBJECTIVE To analyze the effectiveness of educational interventions performed in health services in the improvement of clinical behaviors and outcomes in oral health. METHODS We have carried out a systematic review of the literature searching the PubMed, Lilacs, and SciELO databases. We have included studies that have investigated interventions performed by health professionals working in health services and who have used educational actions as main approach to improve behavioral and clinical outcomes in oral health...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791426/-familiar-adenomatous-polyposis-report-of-2-cases
#11
Luis Vásquez Elera, Patricia Guzman Rojas, Manuel Sánchez Herrera, Víctor Prado, Carlos García Encinas, Eduar Albán Bravo Paredes, Alejandro Bussalleu
Familial Adenomatous polyposis (FAP) it is based on an autosomal dominant mutation which results in loss of function of theAPC tumor suppressor gene. On the other hand, Gardner syndrome is a type of FAP and is characterized for multiple colonic adenomatous polyps and extracolonic abnormalities as desmoid tumors, osteomas, lipomas, dental abnormalities, dermoid cysts and duodenal adenomas. This report aims to present two patients with FAP: The first one is a patient who presented with osteomas and hematochezia, being diagnosed with Gardner Syndrome after the colonoscopy...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791198/updates-on-ultrasound-research-in-implant-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-potential-clinical-indications
#12
Vaishnavi Bhaskar, Hsun-Liang Chan, Mark MacEachern, Oliver D Kripfgans
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography has shown promising diagnostic value in dental implant imaging research; however, exactly how ultrasound was used and at what stage of implant therapy it can be applied has not been systematically evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this review is to investigate potential indications of ultrasound use in the three implant treatment phases, namely planning, intraoperative and postoperative phase. METHODS: Eligible manuscripts were searched in major databases with a combination of key words related to the use of ultrasound imaging in implant therapy...
May 23, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791063/ten-year-follow-up-of-dental-implants-used-for-immediate-loading-in-the-edentulous-mandible-a-prospective-clinical-study
#13
Simon Windael, Stijn Vervaeke, Lieve Wijnen, Wolfgang Jacquet, Hugo De Bruyn, Bruno Collaert
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the 10-year outcome of 25 patients with immediate loading in the edentulous mandible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients were consecutively treated with 5 immediately loaded fluoride-modified implants in the edentulous mandible. Implant survival and bone loss were evaluated by an external researcher comparing digital periapical radiographs taken during recall visits with baseline (at implant insertion). Statistical descriptive analysis and nonparametric tests were performed using SPSS v23, multilevel analysis was performed by means of R version 3...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791009/withdrawn-interventions-for-replacing-missing-teeth-1-versus-2-stage-implant-placement
#14
REVIEW
Marco Esposito, Maria Gabriella Grusovin, Yun Shane Chew, Paul Coulthard, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Implants may be placed penetrating the oral mucosa (1-stage procedure) or can be completely buried under the oral mucosa (2-stage procedure) during the healing phase of the bone at the implant surface. With a 2-stage procedure the risk of having unwanted loading onto the implants is minimized, but a second minor surgical intervention is needed to connect the healing abutments and more time is needed prior to start the prosthetic phase because of the wound-healing period required in relation to the second surgical intervention...
May 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790783/dental-sealants-part-2-who-should-get-dental-sealants-and-when
#15
S Colombo, G F Ferrazzano
Despite the remarkable achievements in recent decades in oral prevention, sealants are still underused even if their efficacy is well documented and clinical practice guidelines are available in almost every developed country. The clinician should know who needs dental sealants and when, with particular focus on high risk patients and pre-school children.
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790782/prevalence-and-progression-of-early-childhood-caries-in-nis-serbia
#16
M Igic, R Obradovic, G Filipovic
AIM: Early childhood caries (ECC) entails the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled teeth in children aged up to 71 months. Our aim is to present the prevalence and progression of ECC in Nis, Serbia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed at the Clinic of Dentistry in Nis;, involving 250 children aged 3 to 6 years. The prevalence of caries was presented using the dmf index. Depending on the progression, tooth decay was reported as dI (superficial decay), dII (deep decay), dp (pulpitis), dg (dental gangrene), and dx (chronic apical periodontitis)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790781/relationship-between-severe-early-childhood-caries-and-dental-development
#17
E Hazar Bodrumlu, L Demiriz, S Toprak
AIM: Severe early childhood caries (sECC) is a public health problem that continues to affect infants and preschool children worldwide. Knowledge of the changes in dental development is important for paediatric dentists in order to determine a treatment plan. The aim of this study was to investigate dental development in children with sECC, compared to age and gender-matched controls, by calculating the dental age (DA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 300 children (144 females, 156 males) with sECC aged 5 years were studied and compared with 300 control subjects (caries-free), case-matched for gender and age...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790779/the-two-by-four-appliance-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#18
V Quinzi, R Ferro, F A Rizzo, E M Marranzini, F Federici Canova, S Mummolo, A Mattei, G Marzo
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how widespread is the use of the 2 x 4 appliance among Italian general dentists and specialists in orthodontics, as well as the type of treatment employed and length of use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey from July 14, 2016 to January 12, 2017 using an online questionnaire of 8 multiple choice questions, created by the SurveyMonkey® Company, on a population of Italian dentists and specialists in orthodontics affiliated with the Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry (SIOI)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790778/survey-of-family-related-factors-of-children-treated-under-dental-general-anaesthesia
#19
P Rajavaara, M-L Laitala, H Vähänikkilä, V Anttonen
AIM: Treatment under general anaesthesia (DGA) is a rising trend in Finland. There is a great need to investigate the causes leading to it. Our purpose was to examine family-related factors reported by parents, such as the family size and favoring DGA in the family, and their influence on children being treated under DGA. This survey was based on a questionnaire targeted to parents of children whose dental treatment could not be performed in a conventional setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Guardians of 87 healthy children treated under DGA at a municipal health center in the city of Oulu, Finland, between November 2014 and December 2015 answered the questionnaire on family-related background factors and on the respondent's own as well as their child's presumed dental fear...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790777/oral-management-of-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-and-associated-glomerulonephritis-a-scoping-review
#20
A C Echavarría-García, A Pozos-Guillén, F Tejeda-Nava, J C Flores Arriaga, A Garrocho-Rangel
AIM: To perform a scoping review of the existing literature in order to gather the most relevant information in the paediatric dentistry field related to the oral management of children affected by Henoch-Schönlein Purpura and associated Glomerulonephritis (HSPG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for the screening and selection of valid articles, the steps of this review were the following: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarise, and report the results from the included articles...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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