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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166493/dystrophic-calcification-of-maxillary-sinus-in-pediatric-patients-with-liver-transplantation-and-pigmentation-of-dental-organ
#1
Adriana Furtado de Macedo, Claudio Costa, Regina Helena Guedes da Motta Mattar, Ramiro Anthero de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of severe dystrophic calcification in maxillary sinus of a child with liver transplantation and dental organs pigmented by hyperbilirubinemia. CASE DESCRIPTION: female patient, 12 years old, with liver transplantation performed at the age of 7 due to extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA). The patient was receiving the immunosuppressant tacrolimus (2 mg daily). Intraoral clinical exam showed tooth green pigmentation by bilirubin. Cone-beam volumetric computed tomography (CT) was performed to verify radiographic density of pigmented dental elements...
November 17, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166484/assessing-the-role-of-appropriate-primary-health-care-on-the-use-of-dental-services-by-brazilian-low-income-preschool-children
#2
Márcia Helena Baldani, Juliana Schaia Rocha, Cristina Berger Fadel, Antonio Carlos Nascimento, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Samuel Jorge Moysés
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between the quality of primary health care (PHC) and the use of dental services by preschoolers served by the Family Health Strategy (FHS), controlling for socio-demographic determinants and perceived need. The sample encompassed 438 children aged 3-5 years, enrolled in 19 FHS facilities in Ponta Grossa, Paraná State, Brazil. Individual level variables were collected by interviewing parents or caregivers at home. They answered a questionnaire on socioeconomic conditions, oral hygiene habits and use of dental services...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166477/regional-differences-in-infection-control-conditions-in-a-sample-of-primary-health-care-services-in-brazil
#3
Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu, Vera Lúcia Silva Resende, Kyu Ha Lee, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta-Machado, Jacqueline Rose Starr
International guidelines have pointed out the importance of the physical environment of health care facilities in preventing and controlling infection. We aimed to describe the physical environment of dental care facilities in Brazil in 2014, focusing on characteristics designed to control infections. Exactly 16,202 dental offices in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) participated in this survey. Trained researchers extracted information about the infection control characteristics of health facilities by using a structured instrument...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166475/proposal-of-a-trigger-tool-to-assess-adverse-events-in-dental-care
#4
Claudia Dolores Trierweiler Sampaio de Oliveira Corrêa, Walter Mendes
The aim of this study was to propose a trigger tool for research of adverse events in outpatient dentistry in Brazil. The tool was elaborated in two stages: (i) to build a preliminary set of triggers, a literature review was conducted to identify the composition of trigger tools used in other areas of health and the principal adverse events found in dentistry; (ii) to validate the preliminarily constructed triggers a panel of experts was organized using the modified Delphi method. Fourteen triggers were elaborated in a tool with explicit criteria to identify potential adverse events in dental care, essential for retrospective patient chart reviews...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166418/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-rare-and-severe-enamel-renal-syndrome
#5
Cedric Mauprivez, Jean-Francois Nguyen, Muriel de la Dure-Molla, Adrien Naveau
Dental rehabilitation of acute cases of enamel renal syndrome is challenging due to the absence of clinical reports. In the present case history report, examination of an 18-year-old patient revealed a complete lack of permanent teeth, as well as irregular and swollen bone and gingival morphology. Radiographs showed multiple impacted teeth in both arches. Creating a 1.5- to 2-cm interarch space was necessary for setting complete dentures. The ideal occlusal plane was chosen by combining two techniques (cephalometric radiograph and modification of the mandibular occlusal rim according to anatomical guidelines)...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166417/oral-status-and-prosthetic-treatment-needs-in-functionally-impaired-and-elderly-individuals
#6
Angelika Lantto, Robert Lundqvist, Inger Wårdh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the oral status and prosthetic treatment needs of dependent, functionally impaired individuals and dependent elderly individuals in comparison with the general population. METHODS: A total of 355 subjects, sampled from the register of increased financial support for dependent and functionally impaired individuals in the north of Sweden, were examined. The variables were number of teeth, Eichner Index, type and condition of prostheses, and treatment needs...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166399/public-responses-to-proposals-for-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-thematic-analysis-of-online-reader-comments-posted-on-major-uk-news-websites
#7
Molly Thomas-Meyer, Oliver Mytton, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Regular consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and dental caries. The UK will introduce a levy on the manufacturers of SSBs in 2018. Details will be negotiated over the next two years. How the UK public views SSB taxes is likely to be an important determinant of the content and success of the final policy. We aimed to capture the views, ideas and concerns of commenters on major UK news websites on SSB taxes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of reader comments to online news coverage of one proposal for an SSB tax in the UK...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165844/oral-microbiomes-from-hunter-gatherers-and-traditional-farmers-reveal-shifts-in-commensal-balance-and-pathogen-load-linked-to-diet
#8
Florent Lassalle, Matteo Spagnoletti, Matteo Fumagalli, Liam Shaw, Mark Dyble, Catherine Walker, Mark G Thomas, Andrea Bamberg Migliano, Francois Balloux
Maladaptation to modern diets has been implicated in several chronic disorders. Given the higher prevalence of disease such as dental caries and chronic gum diseases in industrialized societies, we sought to investigate the impact of different subsistence strategies on oral health and physiology, as documented by the oral microbiome. To control for confounding variables such as environment and host genetics, we sampled saliva from three pairs of populations of hunter-gatherers and traditional farmers living in close proximity in the Philippines...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165423/meeting-report-a-hard-look-at-the-state-of-enamel-research
#9
REVIEW
Ophir D Klein, Olivier Duverger, Wendy Shaw, Rodrigo S Lacruz, Derk Joester, Janet Moradian-Oldak, Megan K Pugach, J Timothy Wright, Sarah E Millar, Ashok B Kulkarni, John D Bartlett, Thomas Gh Diekwisch, Pamela DenBesten, James P Simmer
The Encouraging Novel Amelogenesis Models and Ex vivo cell Lines (ENAMEL) Development workshop was held on 23 June 2017 at the Bethesda headquarters of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR). Discussion topics included model organisms, stem cells/cell lines, and tissues/3D cell culture/organoids. Scientists from a number of disciplines, representing institutions from across the United States, gathered to discuss advances in our understanding of enamel, as well as future directions for the field...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165371/veterinarian-nominated-common-conditions-of-rabbits-and-guinea-pigs-compared-with-published-literature
#10
Natalie J Robinson, Emma Lyons, Douglas Grindlay, Marnie L Brennan
Rabbits and guinea pigs are increasingly popular pets in the UK, yet little is known about their common ailments, or how these relate to what appears in the published literature. The aim of this study was to characterise the common conditions of rabbits and guinea pigs, and to compare these with the topics found in the published literature. Information about the common conditions seen in rabbits and guinea pigs in clinical practice was obtained from a survey of UK veterinarians. The common conditions seen were compared with results from a structured literature search...
November 22, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165120/high-prevalence-of-dental-fluorosis-among-adolescents-is-a-growing-concern-a-school-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southern-india
#11
Anand Verma, Bharatesh K Shetty, Vasudeva Guddattu, Mehul K Chourasia, Prachi Pundir
BACKGROUND: Fluorosis, caused by ingestion of excessive amount of fluoride through food or water, is a major public health problem in India. This study was undertaken to quantify the dental fluorosis burden among school going adolescents and to find factors associated with dental fluorosis in Kolar taluka, Karnataka, India. METHODS: A total of 1026 high school adolescents (12-17 years) were enrolled from different schools selected by stratified sampling method. Dental examination was done to record Dean's fluorosis index, and socio-demographic, food consumption and oral hygiene data were recorded using a pre-tested structured questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165074/state-of-the-art-of-dental-adhesive-systems
#12
Jefferson Ricardo Pereira, Saulo Pamato, Marcos Vargas, Newton Fahl
BACKGROUND: The large dependence on a dental substrate type to bond strength has leveraged the research on materials and techniques that perform different clinical behavior, promoting a stable bonding over time. Bonding to tooth structure has different clinical behaviors and is dependent on several factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to reflect on the state of the art of adhesive systems since Buonocore's experiments to current days. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted on PubMed databases and supplemented with a manual study of relevant references...
November 20, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165026/comparative-evaluation-of-oral-and-dento-maxillofacial-manifestation-of-patients-with-sickle-cell-diseases-and-beta-thalassemia-major
#13
Salmeh Kalbassi, Mohammad Reza Younesi, Vahid Asgary
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of oral and dental health in patients with hemoglobinopathies and also due to the different results of different studies in this background, in patients with beta thalassemia (BTM) and sickle cell disease (SCD), this study aimed to evaluate and compare the oral and dental manifestations of patients with BTM and SCD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study during the years 2014-2017, a total of 175 patients (with documented BTM or SCD attending to Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, and Tabriz cities central hospitals) were randomly recruited...
November 22, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165003/administrators-perceptions-of-oral-health-care-and-cancer-screening-in-long-term-care-nursing-facilities
#14
Peter Maramaldi, Tamara Cadet, Shanna Burke, Mary LeCloux, Erina White, Taru Hannele Kinnunen, Elsbeth Kalenderian
An estimated 1.7 million adults in the United States more than the age of 65 reside in long-term care nursing facilities (LTCNFs), and only 17% of them receive dental care. More than 83% of LTCNF residents require assistance with oral care. Adequate dental care is a preventative behavior for oral cancer. Adults more than age 65 will account for 60% of oral cancer-related deaths, despite an 80% cure rate for early diagnosis. This study sought to expand knowledge of the perceived benefits, barriers, and ability to perform or provide for oral health care and oral cancer screening as reported by Administrators and Directors of Nursing in LTCNFs...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164690/severe-stomatitis-with-a-deep-buccal-ulcer-associated-with-an-allergic-reaction-to-methyl-methacrylate-used-for-dental-treatment
#15
Takahiro Shiratori, Junko Sowa-Osako, Kazuyoshi Fukai, Daisuke Tsuruta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164121/a-pragmatic-study-shows-failure-of-dental-composite-fillings-is-genetically-determined-a-contribution-to-the-discussion-on-dental-amalgams
#16
Alexandre R Vieira, Marília B Silva, Kesia K A Souza, Arnôldo V A Filho, Aronita Rosenblatt, Adriana Modesto
Composite resins for posterior tooth restorations have become a viable alternative to dental amalgam. Failures sometimes cannot be easily explained, and we hypothesize that a genetic component may influence longevity of restorations. We aimed to determine if there is any evidence for a difference in the performance of amalgams versus composite resin in extensive posterior restorations. We also aimed to determine if risk factors such as age, sex, smoking tobacco, alcohol drinking, diabetes status, and periodontal health status may have a role in the failures of extensive anterior composite restorations...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163730/association-between-dental-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-schoolchildren-aged-between-14-and-16-years-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#17
Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Ahmed Almahdy
Background: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases that have common risk factors. Studies worldwide reported varied outcomes about the association between dental caries and obesity. There is no published study that investigates this association among schoolchildren in Arabic countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries (DMFT) and body mass index (BMI) for children aged between 14 and 16 years old in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The role of oral hygiene habits, parent's education, sugar consumption and physical activity in causing both diseases was also evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163197/variation-in-enamel-formation-genes-influences-enamel-demineralization-in-vitro-in-a-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm-model
#18
Liangyue Pang, Qinghui Zhi, Peilin Zhuang, Lixia Yu, Ye Tao, Huancai Lin
Genetic studies have shown that variations in enamel formation genes are associated with caries susceptibility. The aim of this study was to test in vitro whether variants in these genes are associated with dental enamel demineralization in a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model. DNA and enamel samples were obtained from 213 individuals. DNA was extracted from saliva, and 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms were analyzed. The physical and chemical properties of sound enamel samples and the mineral loss and the lesion depth of the demineralized enamel samples under cariogenic challenge were analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162952/oral-health-status-and-fertility-treatment-including-ivf
#19
REVIEW
Sunali Sundeep Khanna, Prita A Dhaimade, Shalini Malhotra
Oral health is extremely important for the general wellbeing of the individual. From a number of research articles, it is established that there is a definitive connection between periodontal health and many systemic diseases, like type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even preterm labor and low birth weight of babies. The significant rate of failure in the treatment of infertility and IVF (in vitro fertilization) even with multiple advancements in the last decade has made scientist take interest in newer parameters of health, an important one among them being periodontal health...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162890/reconstructing-molar-growth-from-enamel-histology-in-extant-and-extinct-equus
#20
Carmen Nacarino-Meneses, Xavier Jordana, Guillem Orlandi-Oliveras, Meike Köhler
The way teeth grow is recorded in dental enamel as incremental marks. Detailed analysis of tooth growth is known to provide valuable insights into the growth and the pace of life of vertebrates. Here, we study the growth pattern of the first lower molar in several extant and extinct species of Equus and explore its relationship with life history events. Our histological analysis shows that enamel extends beyond the molar's cervix in these mammals. We identified three different crown developmental stages (CDS) in the first lower molars of equids characterised by different growth rates and likely to be related to structural and ontogenetic modifications of the tooth...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
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