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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914830/-combined-forecasting-system-of-peritonitis-outcome
#1
N V Lebedev, A E Klimov, S B Agrba, E K Gaidukevich
AIM: To create a reliable system for assessing of severity and prediction of the outcome of peritonitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Critical analysis of the systems for peritonitis severity assessment is presented. The study included outcomes of 347 patients who admitted at the Department of Faculty Surgery of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia in 2015-2016. The cause of peritonitis were destructive forms of acute appendicitis, cholecystitis, perforated gastroduodenal ulcer, various perforation of small and large intestines (including tumor)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898743/qsofa-score-predictive-validity-in-enterobacteriaceae-bloodstream-infections
#2
Jason P Burnham, Marin H Kollef
PURPOSE: To determine whether the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) retains predictive validity in patients with Enterobacteriaceae sepsis that all received appropriate initial antimicrobial therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort at Barnes-Jewish Hospital including individuals with Enterobacteriaceae sepsis receiving appropriate initial antimicrobial therapy between 6/2009-12/2013. Outcomes were compared according to qSOFA score and sepsis classification...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893325/the-most-commonly-used-disease-severity-scores-are-inappropriate-for-risk-stratification-of-older-emergency-department-sepsis-patients-an-observational-multi-centre-study
#3
Bas de Groot, Frank Stolwijk, Mats Warmerdam, Jacinta A Lucke, Gurpreet K Singh, Mo Abbas, Simon P Mooijaart, Annemieke Ansems, Laura Esteve Cuevas, Douwe Rijpsma
BACKGROUND: Sepsis recognition in older emergency department (ED) patients is difficult due to atypical symptom presentation. We therefore investigated whether the prognostic and discriminative performance of the five most commonly used disease severity scores were appropriate for risk stratification of older ED sepsis patients (≥70 years) compared to a younger control group (<70 years). METHODS: This was an observational multi-centre study using an existing database in which ED patients who were hospitalized with a suspected infection were prospectively included...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882016/new-sepsis-criteria-do-they-replace-or-complement-what-is-known-in-the-approach-to-the-infectious-patient
#4
REVIEW
J González Del Castillo, C Clemente, F J Candel, F J Martín-Sánchez
There have recently been profound changes in both the definitions of sepsis and septic shock and the diagnostic criteria established for daily clinical practice. In addition, a new screening tool known as qSOFA has been introduced to identify patients at risk of a poor short-term outcome. This score has been accompanied by some controversy due to presenting a lower sensitivity than the systemic inflammatory response criteria previously used to identify such patients. In this article, we shall summarise and analyse the most important recently published studies in relation to these new criteria...
September 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860348/assessment-of-sepsis-3-criteria-and-quick-sofa-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-bacterial-infections
#5
Salvatore Piano, Michele Bartoletti, Marta Tonon, Maurizio Baldassarre, Giada Chies, Antonietta Romano, Pierluigi Viale, Elia Vettore, Marco Domenicali, Marialuisa Stanco, Chiara Pilutti, Anna Chiara Frigo, Alessandra Brocca, Mauro Bernardi, Paolo Caraceni, Paolo Angeli
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cirrhosis have a high risk of sepsis, which confers a poor prognosis. The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria have several limitations in cirrhosis. Recently, new criteria for sepsis (Sepsis-3) have been suggested in the general population (increase of Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) ≥2 points from baseline). Outside the intensive care unit (ICU), the quick SOFA (qSOFA (at least two among alteration in mental status, systolic blood pressure ≤100 mm Hg or respiratory rate ≥22/min)) was suggested to screen for sepsis...
August 31, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840345/platelet-reactivity-in-sepsis-syndrome-results-from-the-press-study
#6
Karolina Akinosoglou, Spyridoula Theodoraki, Ioanna Xanthopoulou, Angelos Perperis, Theologia Gkavogianni, Aikaterini Pistiki, Evangelos Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Charalambos A Gogos
Platelet activation mediates systemic inflammatory response during infection. However, data on platelet reactivity (PR) varies among different settings. We assessed PR along different stages of sepsis and tried to predict for determinants of its variance. In parallel, we evaluated it as an early bedside diagnostic biomarker. This was an observational prospective cohort study. Incoming patients were assorted to distinct groups of uncomplicated infection, sepsis, and severe sepsis/septic shock. A control group of healthy volunteers was used as comparison...
August 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795667/-predictive-value-of-sofa-qsofa-score-and-traditional-evaluation-index-on-sepsis-prognosis
#7
Ying Wang, Difen Wang, Jiangquan Fu, Ying Liu
OBJECTIVE: Assess the value of several biomarkers and disease severity scores for the prognostic assessment of sepsis. METHODS: The clinical data of adult patients, who met the diagnostic criteria for Sepsis-3 and admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into survival group and death group. The levels of serum lactate (Lac), lactate clearance rate of 24 hours later (24 h LCR), procalcitonin (PCT), quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score, SOFA score, simplified acute physiology score II (SAPS II), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation scoring system II (APACHE II) score were determined, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) were used to analyze the prognostic value of the indicators above...
August 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792256/triage-of-septic-patients-using-qsofa-criteria-at-the-samu-regulation-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
R Jouffroy, A Saade, A Carpentier, S Ellouze, P Philippe, R Idialisoa, P Carli, B Vivien
PURPOSE: One of the major prognostic factors in the management of sepsis is the early initiation of appropriate treatment. To serve this purpose, early identification and triage of patients are crucial steps, which are still not optimal. The objective of this study was to determine whether the quick Sequential (Sepsis-related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score is an accurate method for prehospital triaging of septic patients. We evaluated whether the use of qSOFA criteria collected by the Service Mobile d'Urgence et de Réanimation 15 (SAMU 15) regulation call center during prehospital care would facilitate appropriate intensive care unit (ICU) admission of patients with septic syndromes...
August 9, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755060/prognostic-accuracy-of-sirs-criteria-qsofa-score-and-gym-score-for-30-day-mortality-in-older-non-severely-dependent-infected-patients-attended-in-the-emergency-department
#9
J González Del Castillo, A Julian-Jiménez, F González-Martínez, J Álvarez-Manzanares, P Piñera, C Navarro-Bustos, M Martinez-Ortiz de Zarate, F Llopis-Roca, M Debán Fernández, J Gamazo-Del Rio, E J García-Lamberechts, F J Martín-Sánchez
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score and GYM score to predict 30-day mortality in older non-severely dependent patients attended for an episode of infection in the emergency department (ED). We performed an analytical, observational, prospective cohort study including patients 75 years of age or older, without severe functional dependence, attended for an infectious process in 69 Spanish EDs for 2-day three-seasonal periods...
July 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752002/changing-definitions-of-sepsis
#10
REVIEW
Fethi Gül, Mustafa Kemal Arslantaş, İsmail Cinel, Anand Kumar
Sepsis is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients despite the use of modern antibiotics and resuscitation therapies. Outcomes in sepsis have improved overall, probably because of an enhanced focus on early diagnosis and other improvements in supportive care, but mortality rates still remain unacceptably high. The diagnosis and definition of sepsis is a critical problem due to the heterogeneity of this disease process. Although it is apparent that much more needs to be done to advance our understanding, sepsis and related terms remain difficult to define...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740658/sirs-qsofa-and-organ-failure-for-assessing-sepsis-at-the-emergency-department
#11
EDITORIAL
David Andaluz, Ricard Ferrer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712645/comparison-of-qsofa-score-and-sirs-criteria-as-screening-mechanisms-for-emergency-department-sepsis
#12
Samir Haydar, Matthew Spanier, Patricia Weems, Samantha Wood, Tania Strout
OBJECTIVES: The Quick Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score has been shown to accurately predict mortality in septic patients and is part of recently proposed diagnostic criteria for sepsis. We sought to ascertain the sensitive of the score in diagnosing sepsis, as well as the diagnostic timeliness of the score when compared to traditional systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria in a population of emergency department (ED) patients treated in the ED, admitted, and subsequently discharged with a diagnosis of sepsis...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693336/quick-sequential-sepsis-related-organ-failure-assessment-qsofa-and-st-john-sepsis-surveillance-agent-to-detect-patients-at-risk-of-sepsis-an-observational-cohort-study
#13
Robert C Amland, Bharat B Sutariya
The 2016 Sepsis-3 guidelines included the Quick Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) tool to identify patients at risk of sepsis. The objective was to compare the utility of qSOFA to the St. John Sepsis Surveillance Agent among patients with suspected infection. The primary outcomes were in-hospital mortality or admission to the intensive care unit. A multiple center observational cohort study design was used. The study population comprised 17 044 hospitalized patients between January and March 2016...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678546/mortality-prediction-using-serum-biomarkers-and-various-clinical-risk-scales-in-community-acquired-pneumonia
#14
Min Woo Kim, Jee Yong Lim, Sang Hoon Oh
We evaluated the predictive value of serum biomarkers and various clinical risk scales for the 28-day mortality of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Serum biomarkers including procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were evaluated in the emergency department. Scores for the pneumonia severity index (PSI); CURB65 (confusion, urea, respiration, blood pressure; age >65 years); Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) and American Thoracic Society (ATS) guidelines for severe CAP; Acute Physiology, Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II; Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA); and quick SOFA (qSOFA) were calculated...
July 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669551/low-accuracy-of-positive-qsofa-criteria-for-predicting-28-day-mortality-in-critically-ill-septic-patients-during-the-early-period-after-emergency-department-presentation
#15
Sung Yeon Hwang, Ik Joon Jo, Se Uk Lee, Tae Rim Lee, Hee Yoon, Won Chul Cha, Min Seob Sim, Tae Gun Shin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine the diagnostic performance of positive Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) scores for predicting 28-day mortality among critically ill septic patients during the early period after emergency department (ED) presentation. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study at a tertiary care academic center. We reviewed a registry of adult (≥18 years) patients who received a diagnosis of severe sepsis or septic shock during an ED stay from August 2008 through September 2014...
June 29, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647650/quick-sequential-organ-failure-assessment-compared-to-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-for-predicting-sepsis-in-emergency-department
#16
Hyun Kyung Park, Won Young Kim, Myung Chun Kim, Woong Jung, Byuk Sung Ko
PURPOSE: It is unclear whether quick sequential (sepsis-related) organ failure assessment (qSOFA) also has prognostic value for organ failure in patients with a suspected infection. The aim of this study was to determine whether qSOFA has prognostic value when compared to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in predicting organ failure in patients with a suspected infection in an emergency department (ED). METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in an ED during a 9-year period...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625260/-predictive-value-of-four-different-scoring-systems-for-septic-patient-s-outcome-a-retrospective-analysis-with-311-patients
#17
Shengbiao Wang, Tao Li, Yunfeng Li, Jianwen Zhang, Xingui Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study the predicting value of four different scoring systems such as the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, quick SOFA (qSOFA) score and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score for the prognosis of septic patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis were conducted. Septic patients in intensive care unit (ICU) of the First People's Hospital of Chenzhou form July 1st, 2012 to June 30th, 2016 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625254/-a-multicenter-confirmatory-study-about-precision-and-practicability-of-sepsis-3
#18
Xiaotong Hu, Mingjie Wu, Qiang Fang
OBJECTIVE: To clinically validate the precision of diagnostic Sepsis-3 criteria, and to guide and generalize its clinical application. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective observational study was conducted. The patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of 6 tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang Province from January to June 2015 were enrolled, and the patients satisfying the diagnostic criteria of Sepsis-2 and Sepsis-3 were screened. Population characteristics between the patients satisfying two editions were compared, and the diagnosis accuracy rate in different degree hospitals were investigated...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622837/risk-assessment-of-the-blunt-trauma-victim-the-role-of-the-quick-sequential-organ-failure-assessment-score-qsofa
#19
Randeep S Jawa, James A Vosswinkel, Jane E McCormack, Emily C Huang, Henry C Thode, Marc J Shapiro, Adam J Singer
BACKGROUND: A number or risk assessment tools are used in trauma victims. Because of its simplicity, we examined the ability of the recently described quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score (qSOFA) to predict outcomes in blunt trauma patients presenting to the Emergency Department. METHODS: We queried the trauma registry at a Level 1 Trauma Center for all adult blunt trauma admissions between 1/1/10 and 9/30/15. qSOFA scores were the sum of binary scores for 3 variables (RR ≥ 22, SBP≤100 mmHg, and GCS≤13)...
September 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613918/new-sepsis-definition-sepsis-3-and-community-acquired-pneumonia-mortality-a-validation-and-clinical-decision-making-study
#20
Otavio T Ranzani, Elena Prina, Rosario Menéndez, Adrian Ceccato, Catia Cilloniz, Raul Méndez, Albert Gabarrus, Enric Barbeta, Gianluigi Li Bassi, Miquel Ferrer, Antoni Torres
RATIONALE: Sepsis-3 Task Force updated the clinical criteria for sepsis, excluding the need for systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria. The clinical implications of the proposed flowchart including the quick Sequential (Sepsis-related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) and SOFA scores are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To perform a clinical decision-making analysis of Sepsis-3 in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: Cohort study including adult patients with CAP from two Spanish university-hospitals...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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