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"Macrosomia"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224426/nutritional-status-of-under-five-children-from-urban-low-income-families-in-xiangtan-and-jilin-in-china
#1
Yan-Fang Guo, Yin-Yan Gan, Chao-Nan Guo, Ju Sun, Li-Ping Hao
There have been many studies on the nutrition and the growth status of children from rural and remote western regions of China, whereas researches on children from urban low-income families are scarce. This study aimed to investigate the growth and nutritional status of children under five years of age from urban low-income families in China. There were 169 children aged 25-60 months recruited from Xiangtan and Jilin, two cities with a population of 2.81 million and 4.26 million respectively, in China in this cluster cross-sectional study...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222704/duration-of-second-stage-of-labor-and-instrumental-delivery-as-risk-factors-for-severe-perineal-lacerations-population-based-study
#2
Marija Simic, Sven Cnattingius, Gunnar Petersson, Anna Sandström, Olof Stephansson
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the impact of the duration of second stage of labor on risk of severe perineal lacerations (third and fourth degree). METHODS: This population based cohort study was conducted in the Stockholm/Gotland region, Sweden, 2008-2014. Study population included 52 211 primiparous women undergoing vaginal delivery with cephalic presentation at term. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to calculate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR), using 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219020/anthropometrics-at-birth-and-risk-of-a-primary-central-nervous-system-tumour-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Marios K Georgakis, Eleni I Kalogirou, Athanasios Liaskas, Maria A Karalexi, Paraskevi Papathoma, Kyriaki Ladopoulou, Maria Kantzanou, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Eleni Th Petridou
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of primary central nervous system (CNS) tumours remains largely unknown, but their childhood peak points to perinatal parameters as tentative risk factors. In this meta-analysis, we opted to quantitatively synthesise published evidence on the association between birth anthropometrics and risk of primary CNS tumour. METHODS: Eligible studies were identified via systematic literature review; random-effects meta-analyses were conducted for the effect of birth weight and size-for-gestational-age on childhood and adult primary CNS tumours; subgroup, sensitivity, meta-regression and dose-response by birth weight category analyses were also performed...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218564/-a-brief-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-risk-factors-and-current-criteria-of-diagnosis
#4
Zahra Al-Aissa, Orsolya Hadarits, Klára Rosta, András Zóka, János Rigó, Gábor Firneisz, Anikó Somogyi
Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders that may cause pathological pregnancy. Treating diabetes recognized during pregnancy results in lowering maternal and fetal complications. These patients present higher risk for excessive weight gain, preeclampsia, delivery with cesarean sections, high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the future. Fetuses of mothers with gestational diabetes are at higher risk for macrosomia and birth trauma, after delivery they present higher risk of developing neonatal hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and respiratory distress syndrome...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217520/elevated-glycated-hemoglobin-predicts-macrosomia-among-asian-indian-pregnant-women-wings-9
#5
Balaji Bhavadharini, Manni Mohanraj Mahalakshmi, Mohan Deepa, Ranjani Harish, Belma Malanda, Arivudainambi Kayal, Anne Belton, Ponnusamy Saravanan, Unnikrishnan Ranjit, Ram Uma, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the optimal glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) cut point for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to evaluate the usefulness of HbA1c as a prognostic indicator for adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: HbA1c estimations were carried out in 1459 pregnant women attending antenatal care centers in urban and rural Tamil Nadu in South India. An oral glucose tolerance test was carried out using 75 g anhydrous glucose, and GDM was diagnosed using the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197657/gestational-diabetes-and-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-from-716-152-births-in-france-in-2012
#6
Cécile Billionnet, Delphine Mitanchez, Alain Weill, Jacky Nizard, François Alla, Agnès Hartemann, Sophie Jacqueminet
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to assess the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a large national cohort. METHODS: All deliveries taking place after 22 weeks in France in 2012 were included by extracting data from the hospital discharge database and the national health insurance system. The diabetic status of mothers was determined by the use of glucose-lowering agents and by hospital diagnosis. Outcomes were analysed according to the type of diabetes and, in the GDM group, whether or not diabetes was insulin-treated...
February 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178940/accuracy-of-clinical-fetal-weight-estimation-by-midwives
#7
Assaad Kesrouani, Chady Atallah, Ramzi AbouJaoude, Norma Assaf, Hanaa Khaled, Elie Attieh
BACKGROUND: Clinical fetal weight estimation is a common practice in obstetrics. This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of fetal weight estimation by midwives, and to identify factors that may lead to overestimation or underestimation of fetal weight. METHODS: A cohort prospective study in a Lebanese university hospital, included weight estimation of singleton pregnancies above 35 weeks. Multiple pregnancies, unclear dating, growth retardation, malformations and stillbirths cases are excluded...
February 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161306/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-to-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-improve-pregnancy-outcome-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#8
Chen Wang, Yumei Wei, Xiaoming Zhang, Yue Zhang, Qianqian Xu, Yiying Sun, Shiping Su, Li Zhang, Chunhong Liu, Yaru Feng, Chong Shou, Kym J Guelfi, John P Newnham, Huixia Yang
BACKGROUND: Obesity and being overweight are becoming epidemic, and indeed, the proportion of such women of reproductive age has increased in recent times. Being overweight or obese prior to pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome for both mothers and their offspring. Furthermore, the combination of GDM with obesity/overweight status may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome attributable to either factor alone...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156005/different-insulin-types-and-regimens-for-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#9
REVIEW
Sinéad M O'Neill, Louise C Kenny, Ali S Khashan, Helen M West, Rebecca Md Smyth, Patricia M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Insulin requirements may change during pregnancy, and the optimal treatment for pre-existing diabetes is unclear. There are several insulin regimens (e.g. via syringe, pen) and types of insulin (e.g. fast-acting insulin, human insulin). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different insulin types and different insulin regimens in pregnant women with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (30 October 2016), ClinicalTrials...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153664/predicting-the-difficulty-of-operative-vaginal-delivery-by-ultrasound-measurement-of-fetal-head-station
#10
Sidi Kasbaoui, François Severac, Germain Aissi, A Gaudineau, Lise Lecointre, Chérif Akladios, R Favre, B Langer, N Sananes
BACKGROUND: Clinical assessment of fetal head station is difficult and subjective whereas it is mandatory before attempting operative vaginal delivery. OBJECTIVES: The principal objective of our study was to assess whether measurement of the perineum-to-skull ultrasound distance was predictive of a difficult operative vaginal delivery. Secondary objectives include evaluation of the inter-observer reproducibility of perineum-to-skull ultrasound distance and comparison of this measurement and digital examination in predicting a difficult operative delivery...
January 28, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145565/temporary-hindlimb-paresis-following-dystocia-due-to-foetal-macrosomia-in-a-celebes-crested-macaque-macaca-nigra
#11
John James Debenham, Vanessa Bettembourg, Liv Østevik, Michaela Modig, Karin Hultin Jâderlund, Andreas Lervik
A multiparous Celebes crested macaque presented with dystocia due to foetal macrosomia, causing foetal mortality and hindlimb paresis. After emergency caesarean section, recovery of motor function took 1 month before hindlimbs were weight bearing and 2 months before re-integration with the troop.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125642/gdm-induced-macrosomia-is-reversed-by-cav-1-via-ampk-mediated-fatty-acid-transport-and-glut1-mediated-glucose-transport-in-placenta
#12
Guo Yao, Yafang Zhang, Di Wang, Ruirui Yang, Hui Sang, Linlin Han, Yuexia Zhu, Yanyan Lu, Yeke Tan, Zhanping Shang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the role of Cav-1 in GDM-induced macrosomia is through regulating AMPK signaling pathway in placenta. METHODS: We used diagnostic criteria of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and macrosomia to separate and compare placental protein and mRNA levels from GDM with macrosomia group (GDMM), GDM with normal birth weight group (GDMN) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) with normal birth weight group (CON). Western blotting was performed to examine differentially expressed proteins of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) and Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway related proteins, including phosphorylated-AMPKα(Thr172), AMPKα, phosphorylated-Acetyl-CoA carboxylase(Ser79) (p-ACC(Ser79)), ACC and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) in placenta between the three groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122420/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-korean-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Hye-Jung Jang, Hee-Sook Kim, Sung-Hoon Kim
Background/Aims: The purpose of this study was to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in Korean women with type 2 diabetes and nondiabetic controls. Methods: We performed a retrospective survey of 200 pregnancies in women with type 2 diabetes (n = 100) and nondiabetic controls (n = 100) who delivered from 2003 to 2010 at Cheil General Hospital & Women's Healthcare Center, Korea. We compared maternal characteristics as well as maternal and neonatal outcomes between groups matched by age, pre-pregnancy weight, body mass index, parity, and gestational age at delivery...
January 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117885/vacuum-extraction-in-fetal-macrosomia-registry-data-are-useful
#14
Katarina Åberg, Mikael Norman, Karin Pettersson, Cecilia Ekeus
We thank Dr McQuivey for his comments (1) and interest in our work (2). Dr McQuivey's point that the Swedish Medical Birth Register lacks detailed information is well-taken and causal relations among vacuum extraction, birthweight and neonatal complications are difficult to prove using our study design. The register does lack information about some important aspects of vacuum deliveries, for instance cup placement, number of tractions and extraction time. Nevertheless, the register provides large study populations giving unique opportunity to study rare outcomes...
January 24, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110579/association-between-maternal-weight-and-infant-macrosomia-in-japan
#15
Shunji Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108841/increased-incidence-of-post-term-delivery-and-cesarean-section-after-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-during-a-hormone-replacement-cycle
#16
Kazuki Saito, Kenji Miyado, Kenji Yamatoya, Akira Kuwahara, Eisuke Inoue, Mami Miyado, Maki Fukami, Tomonori Ishikawa, Takakazu Saito, Toshiro Kubota, Hidekazu Saito
PURPOSE: This study aimed to clarify the risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients who conceive singletons after frozen embryo transfer (FET) during a hormone replacement cycle and their offspring. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in patients who conceived after FET, based on the Japanese-assisted reproductive technology registry for 2013. The perinatal outcomes in cases with live-born singletons achieved through natural ovulatory cycle FET (NC-FET) (n = 6287) or hormone replacement cycle FET (HRC-FET) (n = 10,235) were compared...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100403/concordance-between-women-s-self-reported-reasons-for-cesarean-delivery-and-hospital-discharge-records
#17
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Sindhu K Srinivas, Kristen H Kjerulff
BACKGROUND: Women's self-reports of whether they had a cesarean delivery are nearly 100% accurate, but there is little extant research on how accurately women self-report reasons for cesarean delivery when asked to recall this information in the postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: We compared women's self-reported reasons for cesarean with their hospital discharge records and examined correlates of variability in agreement between sources. METHODS: Data are from the First Baby Study, a cohort of 3,006 women who gave birth to their first baby between 2009 and 2011...
January 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099684/a-multistate-population-based-analysis-of-linked-maternal-and-neonatal-discharge-records-to-identify-risk-factors-for-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#18
Michael D Freeman, Shaun M Goodyear, Wendy M Leith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interaction and contribution of maternal and fetal risk factors associated with neonatal brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: In a case-control study, matched maternal and neonatal discharge records were accessed from US State Inpatient Databases for New Jersey (2010-2012), Michigan (2010-2011), and Hawaii (2010-2011). Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between risk factors and BPI. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to build predictive models, including two stratified models evaluating deliveries among obese and diabetic cohorts...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091647/phytosterol-nutritional-supplement-improves-pregnancy-and-neonatal-complications-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-double-blind-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-study
#19
Fang Gao, Guangya Wang, Linxia Wang, Ningning Guo
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly serious health problem among pregnant women. Phytosterol-enriched spreads are known to reduce total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), but little is known about their effects on GDM. We aimed to examine the effect of the daily consumption of phytosterol-enriched spreads on both the maternal and neonatal outcomes of GDM patients. GDM patients during the third trimester of pregnancy were enrolled and assigned randomly to consume a regular spread or phytosterol-enriched spread daily until the end of their pregnancy...
January 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089318/analysis-and-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-epidural-analgesia-and-its-relationship-with-eutocic-or-dystocic-delivery
#20
V Sánchez-Migallón, E Sánchez, M Raynard, A Miranda, R M Borràs
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have demonstrated the difference in the verbal rating scale with regard to obstructed labour and induced labour, so that obstructed labour and foetal macrosomia have been related to a greater sensation of pain during labour, particularly in the first stage. Even the epidural analgesia is linked to the need for instrumented or caesarean section due to foetal obstruction. The goal of the study is to analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of epidural analgesia in normal versus obstructed labour...
January 12, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
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