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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454871/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-do-the-benefits-outweigh-the-risks
#1
REVIEW
Wilson Kwong, George Tomlinson, Denice S Feig
OBJECTIVE: Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a number of adverse obstetrical outcomes, including gestational diabetes, macrosomia and preeclampsia. There is increasing evidence that bariatric surgery may decrease the risk of these outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the benefits and risks of bariatric surgery in obese women on obstetrical outcomes. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search using MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science and PubMed from inception up to December 12, 2016...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453924/the-world-health-organization-who-versus-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-group-iadpsg-diagnostic-criteria-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-their-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#2
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450745/clinical-management-of-women-with-monogenic-diabetes-during-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Laura T Dickens, Rochelle N Naylor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Monogenic diabetes accounts for 1-2% of all diabetes cases, but is frequently misdiagnosed as type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes. Accurate genetic diagnosis directs management, such as no pharmacologic treatment for GCK-MODY, low-dose sulfonylureas for HNF1A-MODY and HNF4A-MODY, and high-dose sulfonylureas for K ATP channel-related diabetes. While diabetes treatment is defined for the most common causes of monogenic diabetes, pregnancy poses a challenge to management...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443441/cumulative-live-birth-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-with-the-use-of-time-lapse-imaging-incubators-for-embryo-culture-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-1882-art-cycles
#4
Mariano Mascarenhas, Sarah J Fox, Karen Thompson, Adam H Balen
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of live birth rates and the perinatal outcomes after fresh and frozen embryo transfer between time lapse imaging (TLI) and standard culture (SC) incubators. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A single tertiary level IVF unit. POPULATION: Women undergoing IVF between January 2014 and October 2015. METHODS: Comparison was done between 1064 IVF cycles using TLI (TLI cycles) and 818 IVF cycles using SC (SC cycles)...
February 14, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438637/population-attributable-fractions-of-perinatal-outcomes-for-nulliparous-women-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-1990-2014
#5
Kate Cheney, Rachel Farber, Alexandra L Barratt, Kevin McGeechan, Bradley de Vries, Robert Ogle, Kirsten I Black
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence across 25 years of overweight and obesity among nulliparous Australian women during early pregnancy; to estimate the proportions of adverse perinatal outcomes attributable to overweight and obesity in this population. DESIGN: Cohort study; retrospective analysis of electronic maternity data. Setting, participants: 42 582 nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies giving birth at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, an urban teaching hospital in Sydney, January 1990 - December 2014...
February 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427694/pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-an-early-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Maisa N Feghali, Kaleab Z Abebe, Diane M Comer, Steve Caritis, Janet M Catov, Christina M Scifres
AIM: To examine pregnancy outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) based on the timing of diagnosis. METHOD: We compared demographics, blood sugars and outcomes between women diagnosed before (n=167) or after 24 weeks' gestation (n=1202) in a single hospital between 2009 and 2012. Because early screening is risk-based we used propensity score modelling and conditional logistic regression to account for systematic differences. RESULTS: Women diagnosed with GDM before 24 weeks were more likely to be obese and they were less likely to have excess gestational weight gain (35 vs...
February 7, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425836/the-impact-of-a-daily-smartphone-based-feedback-system-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-on-compliance-glycemic-control-satisfaction-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hadas Miremberg, Tal Ben-Ari, Tal Betzer, Hagit Raphaeli, Rose Gasnier, Giulia Barda, Jacob Bar, Eran Weiner
BACKGROUND: Patient compliance and tight glycemic control have been demonstrated to improve pregnancy outcome in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The use of advanced technological tools, including smartphone-based platforms, to improve medical care and outcomes has been demonstrated in various fields of medicine, but only few small studies were performed with GDM patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the impact of introducing a smartphone-based daily feedback and communication platform between GDM patients and their physicians, on patient compliance, glycemic control, pregnancy outcome, and patient satisfaction...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422204/the-world-health-organization-fetal-growth-charts-concept-findings-interpretation-and-application
#8
REVIEW
Torvid Kiserud, Alexandra Benachi, Kurt Hecher, Rogelio González Perez, José Carvalho, Gilda Piaggio, Lawrence D Platt
Ultrasound biometry is an important clinical tool for the identification, monitoring, and management of fetal growth restriction and development of macrosomia. This is even truer in populations in which perinatal morbidity and mortality rates are high, which is a reason that much effort is put onto making the technique available everywhere, including low-income societies. Until recently, however, commonly used reference ranges were based on single populations largely from industrialized countries. Thus, the World Health Organization prioritized the establishment of fetal growth charts for international use...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421859/review-shows-that-maternal-obesity-induces-serious-adverse-neonatal-effects-and-is-associated-with-childhood-obesity-in-their-offspring
#9
REVIEW
Delphine Mitanchez, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
AIM: Obesity at the start of pregnancy has been rising worldwide, increasing the risk of maternal complications. We reviewed the independent effects of maternal obesity during pregnancy on neonatal adverse outcomes and the risk of childhood obesity and adverse cardio-metabolic profiles. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE for papers published in English between December 2007 and November 2017, focusing primarily on human studies published in the last five years. However, we also chose to highlight examples derived from model animals that could bring mechanistic insight and preventive and therapeutic avenues...
February 8, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399931/correlation-of-adipokines-and-markers-of-oxidative-stress-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-newborns
#10
Min Shang, Xu Dong, Lin Hou
AIM: We have shown that some markers of oxidative stress were higher in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study examines the relationship between adipokines and oxidative stress and their potential effects in pregnant women. METHODS: Three markers of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde, 8-isoprostane and xanthine oxidase) and three adipokines (leptin, adiponectin and resistin) were measured in maternal plasma, cord plasma and placenta of 208 pregnant women...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399727/implications-of-lipids-in-neonatal-body-weight-and-fat-mass-in-gestational-diabetic-mothers-and-non-diabetic-controls
#11
REVIEW
Emilio Herrera, Henar Ortega-Senovilla
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maternal lipid metabolism greatly changes during pregnancy and we review in this article how they influence fetal adiposity and growth under non-diabetic and gestational diabetic conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: In pregnant women without diabetes (control), maternal glycemia correlates with neonatal glycemia, neonatal body weight and fat mass. In pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), maternal glucose correlates with neither neonatal glycemia, neonatal birth weight nor fat mass, but maternal triacylglycerols (TAG), non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and glycerol do correlate with birth weight and neonatal adiposity...
February 5, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398554/level-of-maternal-triglycerides-is-a-predictor-of-fetal-macrosomia-in-non-obese-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Sima Hashemipour, Ezzatalsadat Haji Seidjavadi, Firoozeh Maleki, Neda Esmailzadehha, Farideh Movahed, Zohreh Yazdi
BACKGROUND: The role of maternal serum triglycerides (TGs) in the development of fetal macrosomia in different subgroups of body mass index (BMI) has received little attention. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the level of maternal TGs and fetal macrosomia in Iranian pregnant women of different BMI subgroups with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on 305 pregnant women with GDM referred for glucose control to Kowsar Hospital in Qazvin, Iran...
January 6, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386453/-nutritional-status-of-japanese-women-of-childbearing-age-and-the-ideal-weight-range-for-pregnancy
#13
Kyoko Nomura, Hiroko Kodama, Michiko Kido
According to the recent 2015 Nutrition Survey, the prevalence of being underweight (Body Mass Index, BMI <18.5 kg/m2) among women in their 20s is 22.3%. Women of childbearing age tend to have a lower intake of protein and their total energy intake is lower than the requirements established by the 2015 Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese. There is a growing body of evidence showing that underweight women tend to bear small babies and that these babies have an increased risk of diabetes or cancer in their adulthood...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378041/better-diet-quality-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-a-reduced-likelihood-of-an-infant-born-small-for-gestational-age-an-analysis-of-the-prospective-new-hampshire-birth-cohort-study
#14
Jennifer A Emond, Margaret R Karagas, Emily R Baker, Diane Gilbert-Diamond
Background: Birth weight has a U-shaped relation with chronic disease. Diet quality during pregnancy may impact fetal growth and infant birth weight, yet findings are inconclusive. Objective: We examined the relation between maternal diet quality during pregnancy and infant birth size among women enrolled in a prospective birth cohort. Methods: Women 18-45 y old with a singleton pregnancy were recruited at 24-28 wk of gestation from prenatal clinics in New Hampshire...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377723/facial-expressiveness-in-infants-with-and-without-craniofacial-microsomia-preliminary-findings
#15
Zakia Hammal, Jeffrey F Cohn, Erin R Wallace, Carrie L Heike, Craig B Birgfeld, Harriet Oster, Matthew L Speltz
OBJECTIVE: To compare facial expressiveness (FE) of infants with and without craniofacial macrosomia (cases and controls, respectively) and to compare phenotypic variation among cases in relation to FE. DESIGN: Positive and negative affect was elicited in response to standardized emotion inductions, video recorded, and manually coded from video using the Facial Action Coding System for Infants and Young Children. SETTING: Five craniofacial centers: Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Illinois-Chicago, and University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353417/maternal-metabolic-response-to-dietary-treatment-for-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Karen L Lindsay, Lorraine Brennan, Maria A Kennelly, Sinéad Curran, Mary Coffey, Thomas P Smith, Michael E Foley, Mensud Hatunic, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Dietary advice is a standard component of treatment for pregnant women with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and gestational diabetes (GDM), yet few studies report glycemic profiles in response to dietary therapies and the optimal dietary approach remains uncertain. AIM: To assess changes in maternal glycemic profile and pregnancy outcomes among women with diet-controlled IGT and GDM. METHODS: Pregnant women who had one or more elevated values on a 3-h oral glucose tolerance test were enrolled...
January 20, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351043/congenital-midline-upper-lip-sinuses-3-rare-cases
#17
Jean-Daniel Kün-Darbois, Anne Chatellier, Arnaud Paré, Aude Caillot, Béatrice Ambroise, Hervé Bénateau, Alexis Veyssière
Congenital sinuses of the upper lip are rare congenital malformations. There have been only 40 cases described in the literature. We report 3 cases of congenital midline upper lip sinus in Caucasian children. Two of those lesions were associated with other anomalies (complete cleft palate and hemifacial macrosomia or submucous cleft palate with bifid uvula). The pathophysiology remains unexplained yet. Congenital upper lip sinuses can be considered as possible microforms of cleft-lips. Associated anomalies are frequent and must be sought...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349843/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-39-pregnancies-and-a-literature-review
#18
Maria Manuel Costa, Sandra Belo, Pedro Souteiro, João S Neves, Daniela Magalhães, Rita B Silva, Sofia C Oliveira, Paula Freitas, Ana Varela, Joana Queirós, Davide Carvalho
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery (BS) on maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of 39 pregnant women who underwent BS in our institution between 2010 and 2014 was carried out. A sample of women who became pregnant after BS was evaluated, based on data concerning pregnancy, childbirth, and newborns. RESULTS: Of the 1182 patients who underwent BS at our institution during the study period, 1016 (85...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348415/trends-in-fetal-growth-between-2000-to-2014-in-singleton-live-births-from-israel
#19
Keren Agay-Shay, Mary Rudolf, Lisa Rubin, Ziona Haklai, Itamar Grotto
Trends in birthweight and abnormal fetal growth, namely term low birthweight (LBW), macrosomia, small-for-gestational age (SGA) and large-for-gestational age (LGA), are important indicators of changes in the health of populations. We performed this epidemiological study to evaluate these trends among 2,039,415 singleton live births from Israel over a period of 15 years. Birth certificate data was obtained from the Ministry of Health. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to evaluate crude and adjusted estimates compared to the baseline of 2000 and polynomial trends...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345098/influence-of-maternal-obesity-on-fetal-growth-at-different-periods-of-pregnancies-with-normal-glucose-tolerance
#20
Kei Tanaka, Miho Matsushima, Tomoko Izawa, Seishi Furukawa, Yoichi Kobayashi, Mitsutoshi Iwashita
AIM: We aimed to examine the influence of maternal obesity on fetal growth in utero at different periods of pregnancies with normal glucose tolerance. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study on 356 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance was conducted. The women were categorized by pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) as obese (OB; BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 ) or non-obese (n-OB). Z-scores of the fetal abdominal circumference (AC) and the rate of fetal macrosomia (AC ≥ 90th percentile) at 19, 30, and 36 gestational weeks (GW) were compared between the two groups...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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