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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610570/characterizing-the-use-of-telepsychiatry-for-patients-with-opioid-use-disorder-and-cooccurring-mental-health-disorders-in-ontario-canada
#1
Brittanie LaBelle, Alexandra M Franklyn, Vicky Pkh Nguyen, Kathleen E Anderson, Joseph K Eibl, David C Marsh
Rural patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) face a variety of barriers when accessing opioid agonist therapy (OAT) and psychiatric services, due to the limited supply of physicians and the vast geographic area. The telemedicine allows for contact between patients and their physician-regardless of physical distance. Objective . We characterize the usage of telemedicine to deliver psychiatric services to patients with OUD in Ontario, as well as traits of treatment-seeking patients with opioid dependence and concurrent psychiatric disorders...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598988/-in-this-together-social-identification-predicts-health-outcomes-via-self-efficacy-in-a-chronic-disease-self-management-program
#2
James E Cameron, Jennifer Voth, Susan B Jaglal, Sara J T Guilcher, Gillian Hawker, Nancy M Salbach
RATIONALE: Self-management programs are an established approach to helping people cope with the challenges of chronic disease, but the psychological mechanisms underlying their effectiveness are not fully understood. A key assumption of self-management interventions is that enhancing people's self-efficacy (e.g., via the development of relevant skills and behaviours) encourages adaptive health-related behaviors and improved health outcomes. However, the group-based nature of the programs allows for the possibility that identification with other program members is itself a social psychological platform for positive changes in illness-related confidence (i...
March 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569061/expression-of-genes-associated-with-nickel-resistance-in-red-oak-quercus-rubra-populations-from-a-metal-contaminated-region
#3
Charnelle L Djeukam, Kabwe Nkongolo
Although many studies have reported mechanisms of resistance to metals in herbaceous species, there is very little information on metal coping strategy in hardwood species such as Quercus rubra. The main objective of this study was to determine the expression of genes associated with nickel resistance in red oak (Q. rubra) populations from metal contaminated and uncontaminated sites in the Northern Ontario. Six genes associated with nickel resistances in model and non-model plants were targeted. Differential expressions of these genes were observed in Q...
March 22, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565748/high-resolution-ecological-niche-modeling-of-ixodes-scapularis-ticks-based-on-passive-surveillance-data-at-the-northern-frontier-of-lyme-disease-emergence-in-north-america
#4
Jean-Paul R Soucy, Andreea M Slatculescu, Christine Nyiraneza, Nicholas H Ogden, Patrick A Leighton, Jeremy T Kerr, Manisha A Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease (LD) is a bacterial infection transmitted by the black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis) in eastern North America. It is an emerging disease in Canada due to the expanding range of its tick vector. Environmental risk maps for LD, based on the distribution of the black-legged tick, have focused on coarse determinants such as climate. However, climatic factors vary little within individual health units, the level at which local public health decision-making takes place...
March 22, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432332/impacts-of-educating-for-equity-workshop-on-addressing-social-barriers-of-type-2-diabetes-with-indigenous-patients
#5
Lynden Lindsay Crowshoe, Han Han, Betty Calam, Rita Henderson, Kristen Jacklin, Leah Walker, Michael E Green
INTRODUCTION: Health education about Indigenous populations in Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis people) is one approach to enable health services to mitigate health disparities faced by Indigenous peoples related to a history of colonization and ongoing social inequities. This evaluation of a continuing medical education workshop, to enhance family physicians' clinical approach by including social and cultural dimensions within diabetes management, was conducted to determine whether participation in the workshop improved self-reported knowledge, skills, and confidence in working with Indigenous patients with type 2 diabetes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402109/developing-community-apalliative-care-programs-using-a-capacity-building-approach-the-northwestern-ontario-experience
#6
Hilary Mettam
Northwestern Ontario, Canada, is a large, sparsely populated geographic area with many small rural and remote communities. Most health services are delivered by primary care generalists. The goal of the North West LHIN Regional Palliative Care Program (RPCP) with St. Joseph's Care Group is to create an integrated system of palliative care accessible to all individuals in Northwestern Ontario who would benefit from a palliative approach, regardless of location, prognosis, or diagnosis. To achieve this goal and increase access to palliative care at the primary care level, the RPCP has used the Kelley Community Capacity Development Model to guide their process of developing palliative care programs in 8 different rural communities...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390983/community-service-provider-perceptions-of-implementing-older-adult-fall-prevention-in-ontario-canada-a-qualitative-study
#7
Catherine S Dykeman, Maureen F Markle-Reid, Lorna J Boratto, Chris Bowes, Hélène Gagné, Jennifer L McGugan, Sarah Orr-Shaw
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence for effective fall prevention interventions, measurable reductions in older adult (≥ 65 years) fall rates remain unrealized. This study aimed to describe the perceived barriers to and effective strategies for the implementation of evidence-based fall prevention practices within and across diverse community organizations. This study is unique in that it included community service providers who are not generally thought to provide fall prevention services to older adults, such as retail business, community support, volunteer services, community foundations, recreation centres, and various emergency services...
February 1, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306138/spatial-and-length-dependent-variation-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-consuming-walleye-sander-vitreus
#8
Ursula Strandberg, Satyendra P Bhavsar, Tarn Preet Parmar, Michael T Arts
Restricted fish consumption due to elevated contaminant levels may limit the intake of essential omega-3 fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic (DHA; 22:6n-3) acids. We analyzed lake- and length-specific mercury and EPA+DHA contents in Walleye (Sander vitreus; Mitchell 1818) from 20 waterbodies in Ontario, Canada, and used this information to calculate the theoretical intake of EPA+DHA when the consumption advisories are followed. The stringent consumption advisory resulted in decreased EPA+DHA intake regardless of the EPA+DHA content in Walleye...
January 2, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287181/what-s-hot-about-mercury-examining-the-influence-of-climate-on-mercury-levels-in-ontario-top-predator-fishes
#9
Miranda M Chen, Lianna Lopez, Satyendra P Bhavsar, Sapna Sharma
Mercury (Hg) levels in Ontario top predator fishes have been increasing in recent decades. These increases may be a result of many additive factors, including global climate change. Only recently has research been conducted on how climate change may impact Hg levels in freshwater fishes at large-scales. We examined the relationship between Hg trends and (1) local weather, (2) large-scale climate drivers, and (3) anthropogenic Hg emissions, in native cool water (walleye and northern pike) and warm water (smallmouth bass and largemouth bass) predatory fishes in Ontario, Canada, for historical (1970-1992) and recent (1993-2014) time periods...
April 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283843/silica-exposure-in-a-mining-exploration-operation
#10
V H Arrandale, S Kalenge, P A Demers
BACKGROUND: Though there is extensive research on occupational exposure in production mines, there is limited information on exposure during the exploration phase of mining. METHODS: Air samples were collected in a core processing facility in Northern Ontario, Canada. All samples were analyzed for respirable dust (NIOSH 0600) and respirable crystalline silica (NIOSH 7602). Mean exposure levels were estimated and differences in exposure between work areas were investigated...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164278/metals-and-organohalogen-contaminants-in-bald-eagles-haliaeetus-leucocephalus-from-ontario-1991-2008
#11
P A Martin, K D Hughes, G D Campbell, J L Shutt
We examined the degree of exposure of lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and several organohalogen contaminants and its potential impact on survival of bald eagles in Ontario from 1991 to 2008. Overall, results for 43 dead or dying bald eagles collected in the province indicate that 23% (10/43) of birds died of Pb poisoning and 9% (4/43) died of suspected Hg poisoning. Pb poisoning was diagnosed based on exceedances of toxicity thresholds in liver and kidney and supported by clinical observations, necropsy results, and histology findings when available...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160219/complete-sequences-of-4-viral-hemorrhagic-septicemia-virus-ivb-isolates-and-their-virulence-in-northern-pike-fry
#12
Rodman G Getchell, Emily R Cornwell, Steven Bogdanowicz, Jose Andrés, William N Batts, Gael Kurath, Rachel Breyta, Joanna G Choi, John M Farrell, Paul R Bowser
Four viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) genotype IVb isolates were sequenced, their genetic variation explored, and comparative virulence assayed with experimental infections of northern pike Esox lucius fry. In addition to the type strain MI03, the complete 11183 bp genome of the first round goby Neogobius melanostomus isolate from the St. Lawrence River, and the 2013 and 2014 isolates from gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum die-offs in Irondequoit Bay, Lake Ontario and Dunkirk Harbor, Lake Erie were all deep sequenced on an Illumina platform...
November 21, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154686/a-retrospective-summary-of-raptor-mortality-in-ontario-canada-1991-2014-including-the-effects-of-west-nile-virus
#13
Kathryn A Smith, G Douglas Campbell, David L Pearl, Claire M Jardine, Fernando Salgado-Bierman, Nicole M Nemeth
The causes of mortality of free-ranging raptors range from anthropogenic (e.g., trauma) to dynamic environmental conditions that may affect habitat suitability and prey availability. The province of Ontario, Canada, is vulnerable to anthropogenic and environmental changes because of its northern latitudes and expanding human populations, both of which may impact wildlife. We retrospectively evaluated diagnostic data from raptors submitted to the Ontario-Nunavut node of the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative (CWHC) from 1991 to 2014 (n=1,448)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117991/availability-of-naloxone-in-canadian-pharmacies-a-population-based-survey
#14
Alex M Cressman, Graham Mazereeuw, Qi Guan, Wenting Jia, Tara Gomes, David N Juurlink
BACKGROUND: Naloxone is life-saving when administered after opioid overdose. In March 2016, the Canadian government made the antidote available without prescription, but anecdotal reports suggest members of the public have difficulty in procuring it. We examined the availability of naloxone in community pharmacies across Canada. METHODS: We identified community pharmacies in Canada ( n = 10 296) and randomly selected 506, stratified using proportionate allocation by population size...
November 8, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117234/compensatory-selection-for-roads-over-natural-linear-features-by-wolves-in-northern-ontario-implications-for-caribou-conservation
#15
Erica J Newton, Brent R Patterson, Morgan L Anderson, Arthur R Rodgers, Lucas M Vander Vennen, John M Fryxell
Woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in Ontario are a threatened species that have experienced a substantial retraction of their historic range. Part of their decline has been attributed to increasing densities of anthropogenic linear features such as trails, roads, railways, and hydro lines. These features have been shown to increase the search efficiency and kill rate of wolves. However, it is unclear whether selection for anthropogenic linear features is additive or compensatory to selection for natural (water) linear features which may also be used for travel...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074166/association-between-high-environmental-heat-and-risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-among-older-adults-in-a-northern-climate-a-matched-case-control-study
#16
Rebecca K McTavish, Lucie Richard, Eric McArthur, Salimah Z Shariff, Rey Acedillo, Chirag R Parikh, Ron Wald, Piotr Wilk, Amit X Garg
BACKGROUND: An association between high heat and acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported in warm climates. However, whether this association generalizes to a northern climate, with more variable temperatures, is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Our study focused on older adults (mean age, 80 years) in the northern climate of Ontario, Canada. 52,913 case patients who had a hospital encounter with AKI in April through September 2005 to 2012 were matched with 174,222 controls for exact date, age, sex, rural residence, income, and history of chronic kidney disease...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064242/inferring-past-trends-in-lake-water-organic-carbon-concentrations-in-northern-lakes-using-sediment-spectroscopy
#17
Carsten Meyer-Jacob, Neal Michelutti, Andrew M Paterson, Don Monteith, Handong Yang, Jan Weckström, John P Smol, Richard Bindler
Changing lake water total organic carbon (TOC) concentrations are of concern for lake management because of corresponding effects on aquatic ecosystem functioning, drinking water resources and carbon cycling between land and sea. Understanding the importance of human activities on TOC changes requires knowledge of past concentrations; however, water-monitoring data are typically only available for the past few decades, if at all. Here, we present a universal model to infer past lake water TOC concentrations in northern lakes across Europe and North America that uses visible-near-infrared (VNIR) spectroscopy on lake sediments...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043760/retail-food-environments-shopping-experiences-first-nations-and-the-provincial-norths
#18
Kristin Burnett, Kelly Skinner, Travis Hay, Joseph LeBlanc, Lori Chambers
INTRODUCTION: This paper looks at the market food environments of First Nations communities located in the provincial Norths by examining the potential retail competition faced by the North West Company (NWC) and by reporting on the grocery shopping experiences of people living in northern Canada. METHODS: We employed two methodological approaches to assess northern retail food environments. First, we mapped food retailers in the North to examine the breadth of retail competition in the provincial Norths, focussing specifically on those communities without year-round road access...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043084/multi-species-genetic-connectivity-in-a-terrestrial-habitat-network
#19
Robby R Marrotte, Jeff Bowman, Michael G C Brown, Chad Cordes, Kimberley Y Morris, Melanie B Prentice, Paul J Wilson
BACKGROUND: Habitat fragmentation reduces genetic connectivity for multiple species, yet conservation efforts tend to rely heavily on single-species connectivity estimates to inform land-use planning. Such conservation activities may benefit from multi-species connectivity estimates, which provide a simple and practical means to mitigate the effects of habitat fragmentation for a larger number of species. To test the validity of a multi-species connectivity model, we used neutral microsatellite genetic datasets of Canada lynx ( Lynx canadensis ), American marten ( Martes americana ), fisher ( Pekania pennanti ), and southern flying squirrel ( Glaucomys volans ) to evaluate multi-species genetic connectivity across Ontario, Canada...
2017: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973088/association-between-immigrant-status-and-end-of-life-care-in-ontario-canada
#20
Christopher J Yarnell, Longdi Fu, Doug Manuel, Peter Tanuseputro, Therese Stukel, Ruxandra Pinto, Damon C Scales, Andreas Laupacis, Robert A Fowler
Importance: People who immigrate face unique health literacy, communication, and system navigation challenges, and they may have diverse preferences that influence end-of-life care. Objective: To examine end-of-life care provided to immigrants to Canada in the last 6 months of their life. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study (April 1, 2004, to March 31, 2015) included 967 013 decedents in Ontario, Canada, using validated linkages between health and immigration databases to identify immigrant (since 1985) and long-standing resident cohorts...
October 17, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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