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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139057/cadaveric-simulation-a-review-of-reviews
#1
REVIEW
M Yiasemidou, E Gkaragkani, D Glassman, C S Biyani
BACKGROUND: Traditional surgical training, largely based on the Halstedian model "see one, do one, teach one" is not as effective in the era of working time restrictions and elaborate shift-patterns. As a result, contemporary surgeons turned to educational methods outside the operating theatre such as simulation. Cadavers are high fidelity models but their use has ethical and cost implications and their availability may be limited. In this review, we explore the role of cadaveric simulation in modern surgical education...
November 14, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138652/trauma-a-major-cause-of-death-among-surgical-inpatients-of-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#2
Onyeanunam Ngozi Ekeke, Kelechi Emmanuel Okonta
Introduction: Trauma presents a significant global health burden. Death resulting from trauma remains high in low income countries despite a steady decrease in developed countries. Analysis of the pattern of death will enable intervention to reduce these deaths from trauma in developing countries. This study aims to present the pattern of trauma-related deaths in the surgical wards of University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH). Methods: This was a retrospective study of all patients who died from trauma during admission into the surgical wards of UPTH from 2007 to 2012...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137836/how-participatory-action-research-changed-our-view-of-the-challenges-of-shared-decision-making-training
#3
Jette Ammentorp, Maiken Wolderslund, Connie Timmermann, Henry Larsen, Karina Dahl Steffensen, Annegrethe Nielsen, Marianne E Lau, Bodil Winther, Lars Henrik Jensen, Elisabeth Assing Hvidt, Niels Christian Hvidt, Pål Gulbrandsen
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to demonstrate how the use of participatory action research (PAR) helped us identify ways to respond to communication challenges associated with shared decision-making (SDM) training. METHODS: Patients, relatives, researchers, and health professionals were involved in a PAR process that included: (1) two theatre workshops, (2) a pilot study of an SDM training module involving questionnaires and evaluation meetings, and (3) three reflection workshops...
November 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137582/the-effectiveness-of-regional-anaesthesia-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-dedicated-regional-anaesthesia-service-incorporating-a-block-room
#4
A Chin, L Heywood, P Iu, A M Pelecanos, M J Barrington
Dedicated regional anaesthesia services incorporating block rooms and/or block teams may facilitate theatre efficiency and improve training in regional anaesthesia. Currently, it is unknown if a dedicated regional anaesthesia service improves the effectiveness of regional anaesthesia. In November 2013, the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital established a dedicated regional anaesthesia service comprising a block team and a block room. Pre-intervention (conventional model of care) registry data was retrospectively compared with post-intervention (dedicated regional anaesthesia service) audit data, with regard to pain and opioid requirement in the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU)...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135123/hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-procedures-during-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec
#5
Ioannis Kyriazanos, Nikolaos Kopanakis, Vasileios Kalles, Alexios Tzivanakis, Georgios Nikolaou, Elias Efstathiou, John Spiliotis
PURPOSE: The combination of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been used as locoregional treatment in selected patients with peritoneal malignancy. The purpose of this study was to report on the outcomes of patients undergoing hepatobiliary and pancreatic procedures during CRS and HIPEC. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database was used to identify patients that underwent hepatobilliary and/or pancreatic procedures during CRS and HIPEC...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133324/effects-of-falls-prevention-interventions-on-falls-outcomes-for-hospitalised-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#6
Susan C Slade, David L Carey, Anne-Marie Hill, Meg E Morris
INTRODUCTION: Falls are a major global public health problem and leading cause of accidental or unintentional injury and hospitalisation. Falls in hospital are associated with longer length of stay, readmissions and poor outcomes. Falls prevention is informed by knowledge of reversible falls risk factors and accurate risk identification. The extent to which hospital falls are prevented by evidence-based practice, patient self-management initiatives, environmental modifications and optimisation of falls prevention systems awaits confirmation...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127739/renal-haemodynamics-and-oxygenation-during-and-after-cardiac-surgery-and-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#7
REVIEW
Roger G Evans, Yugeesh R Lankadeva, Andrew D Cochrane, Bruno Marino, Naoya Iguchi, Michael Z L Zhu, Sally G Hood, Julian A Smith, Rinaldo Bellomo, Bruce S Gardiner, Chang-Joon Lee, David W Smith, Clive N May
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following cardiac surgery performed on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and has important implications for prognosis. The aetiology of cardiac surgery-associated AKI is complex, but renal hypoxia, particularly in the medulla, is thought to play at least some role. There is strong evidence from studies in experimental animals, clinical observations and computational models, that medullary ischaemia and hypoxia occurs during CPB. There are no validated methods to monitor or improve renal oxygenation during CPB, and thus possibly decrease the risk of AKI...
November 11, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123605/evaluation-of-modified-alvarado-scoring-system-and-ripasa-scoring-system-as-diagnostic-tools-of-acute-appendicitis
#8
Abdullah Shuaib, Ali Shuaib, Zainab Fakhra, Bader Marafi, Khalid Alsharaf, Abdullah Behbehani
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical condition presented in emergency departments worldwide. Clinical scoring systems, such as the Alvarado and modified Alvarado scoring systems, were developed with the goal of reducing the negative appendectomy rate to 5%-10%. The Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Appendicitis (RIPASA) scoring system was established in 2008 specifically for Asian populations. The aim of this study was to compare the modified Alvarado with the RIPASA scoring system in Kuwait population...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119692/impact-of-same-day-vs-day-before-pre-operative-lymphoscintigraphy-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-for-early-breast-cancer-local-australian-experience
#9
Yang Yang Huang, Amelie Maurel, Saud Hamza, Lee Jackson, Zeyad Al-Ogaili
INTRODUCTION: To assess the impact of delayed vs immediate pre-operative lymphoscintigraphy (LSG) for sentinel lymph node biopsy in a single Australian tertiary breast cancer centre. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study analysing patients with breast cancer or DCIS who underwent lumpectomy or mastectomy with pre-operative LSG and intra-operative sentinel lymph node biopsy from January 2015 to June 2016. RESULTS: A total of 182 LSG were performed...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117158/theatre-the-bladder-s-tale
#10
Tammy Worth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114284/intraoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-cranial-and-spinal-cases-using-preexisting-c-shaped-three-side-open-0-2-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
Vinod Kumar Tewari, Ravindra Tripathi, Subodh Aggarwal, Mazhar Hussain, Hari Kishan Das Gupta
Background: The existing Intraoperative MRI (IMRI) of developed countries is too costly to be affordable in any developing country and out of the reach of common and poor people of developing country at remote areas. We have used the pre-existing (refurbished) 3 side open "C" shaped 0.2 Tesla MRI for IMRI in a very remote area. Materials and Methods: In this technique the 0.2 Tesla MRI and the operating theatre were merged. MRI table was used as an operation table...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111790/early-adopters-of-perioperative-medicine-who-are-they-and-what-motivates-them
#12
C Groves, A Whiteman, G Kumar, R Stephens, D Walker
Perioperative medicine is an emerging specialty aimed at improving outcomes in the high-risk surgical population. The authors set out to characterize the demographics and determine the motivation of 'early adopters' of this specialty by retrospectively reviewing the application forms of students enrolled on the UCL Perioperative Medicine Masters Programme. A total of 139 applications were reviewed. The median age of applicants was 35 years; 81% were UK based, with the remainder from a worldwide distribution...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108514/hypothermic-oxygenated-machine-perfusion-for-liver-transplantation-an-initial-experience
#13
Damiano Patrono, Bruna Lavezzo, Luca Molinaro, Giorgia Rizza, Giorgia Catalano, Federica Gonella, Mauro Salizzoni, Renato Romagnoli
OBJECTIVES: Due to widespread exploitation of extended criteria donors, machine perfusion is emerging as an alternative to static cold storage for organ preservation. Hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion has been associated with improved outcomes after liver transplant, both in laboratory and clinical settings. Here, we present our initial experience with hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion, evaluating incidence of postreperfusion syndrome, early allograft dysfunction, and long-term biliary complications...
October 31, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107462/each-meal-matters-in-the-exposome-biological-and-community-considerations-in-fast-food-socioeconomic-associations
#14
Susan L Prescott, Alan C Logan
Advances in omics and microbiome technology have transformed the ways in which the biological consequences of life in the 'ecological theatre' can be visualized. Exposome science examines the total accumulated environmental exposures (both detrimental and beneficial) as a means to understand the response of the 'total organism to the total environment' over time. The repetitive stimulation of compensatory physiological responses (immune, cardiovascular, neuroendocrine) in response to stress - including sources of stress highly relevant to socioeconomic disadvantage - may lead to metabolic dysregulation and cellular damage, ultimately influencing behavior and disease...
September 27, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103384/overnight-in-hospital-observation-following-tonsillectomy-retrospective-study-of-post-operative-intervention
#15
S Morris, E Hassin, M Borschmann
OBJECTIVE: The safety of day-case tonsillectomy is widely documented in the literature; however, there are no evidence-based guidelines recommending patient characteristics that are incompatible with day-case tonsillectomy. This study aimed to identify which patients should be considered unsafe for day-case tonsillectomy based on the likelihood of needing critical intervention. METHOD: Retrospective review of 2863 tonsillectomy procedures performed at University Hospital Geelong from 1998 to 2014...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096673/sternal-reconstruction-after-post-sternotomy-mediastinitis
#16
REVIEW
Pankaj Kaul
BACKGROUND: Deep sternal wound complications are uncommon after cardiac surgery. They comprise sternal dehiscence, deep sternal wound infections and mediastinitis, which will be treated as varying expressions of a singular pathology for reasons explained in the text. METHODOLOGY AND REVIEW: This article reviews the definition, prevalence, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, microbiology and management of deep sternal wound infections and mediastinitis after cardiac surgery...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094751/evaluation-of-a-novel-waste-anaesthetic-gas-scavenger-device-for-use-during-recovery-from-anaesthesia
#17
R Tallent, J Corcoran, J Sebastian
Volatile anaesthetic agents are a potential occupational health hazard to theatre and recovery staff. Operating theatres and anaesthetic rooms are required to be equipped with scavenging systems, but recovery units often are not. We compared exhaled, spectrophotometric sevoflurane and desflurane concentrations 15 cm from the mouth ('patient breathing zone') and 91 cm laterally to the patient ('nurse work zone') in 120 patients after tracheal extubation who were consecutively allocated to either ISO-Gard mask oxygen/scavenging or standard oxygen mask, 0 min, 10 min and 20 min after arrival in the theatre recovery unit...
November 2, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089740/awareness-and-use-of-surgical-checklist-among-theatre-users-at-ekiti-state-university-teaching-hospital-ado-ekiti-nigeria
#18
Johnson Dare Ogunlusi, Moruf Babatunde Yusuf, Popoola Sunday Ogunsuyi, Obafemi K Wuraola, Waheed O Babalola, Kehinde Sunday Oluwadiya, Oduwole Olayemi Ajogbasile
BACKGROUND: Surgical checklist was introduced by the World Health Organization to reduce the number of surgical deaths and complications. During a surgical conference on "safety in surgical practice," it was noticed that the awareness and the use of surgical checklist are poor in Nigerian hospitals. This study was aimed at determining the awareness and use of surgical checklist among the theater users in our hospital, factors militating against its implementation, and make recommendations...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084132/evaluation-of-thermal-comfort-and-carbon-dioxide-levels-during-ventricular-assist-device-implant
#19
Marco Lembo, Antonio Santoro, Martina Andellini, Giulia Losito, Nicole Olivini, Mario Graziano Tucci, Michele Del Gaudio
BACKGROUND: Environmental measurements were performed in an operating theatre within a pediatric cardiac department, during a surgical operation involving the use of carbon dioxide for the implantation of a ventricular system (VAD). OBJECTIVES: After some reports from the staff, who were complaining about low temperatures in the operating room, it was decided to check carbon dioxide levels, the conditions of thermal comfort and the presence of draughts. METHODS: Microclimatic parameters and carbon dioxide concentration were performed with a microclimatic unit Delta OHM model HD 32...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079608/vulnerability-survival-and-shame-in-nina-raine-s-tiger-country
#20
Deborah Bowman
Shame in healthcare remains relatively underexplored, yet it is commonplace and its impact is significant. This paper explores shame in healthcare using Nina Raine's 2011 play Tiger Country Three manifestations of shame are explored, namely (1) shame in relation to professional identity and survival in the clinical workplace; (2) shame and illness as experienced by both patients and doctors; and (3) the systemic and organisational influences on shame within healthcare systems. I suggest that the theatre is particularly well-placed to elucidate shame, and that Tiger Country demonstrates the prevalence and impact of shame on clinical work...
October 27, 2017: Medical Humanities
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