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Dysphagia screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665800/mda-5-associated-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-with-recurrent-pneumothoraces-a-case-report
#1
Safi Alqatari, Peter Riddell, Sinead Harney, Michael Henry, Grainne Murphy
BACKGROUND: Clinically hypomyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare disease that is important to recognize, investigate and treat early as it is associated with poor prognosis. In a proportion of patients, myositis specific antibodies could be negative, but with high clinical suspicion, myositis associated antibodies should be ordered. Anti-MDA-5 antibodies was reported in literature to be associated with severe and rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease, with few case reports of pneumothorax and/or pneumomediastinum...
April 17, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619099/the-impact-of-deep-brain-stimulation-on-the-quality-of-life-and-swallowing-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Maira Rozenfel Olchik, Marciéle Ghisi, Annelise Ayres, Arthur Francisco Shumacher Schuh, Paulo Petry Oppitz, Carlos Roberto de Mello Rieder
Introduction  Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is little evidence regarding the effect of DBS on dysphagia. Objective  To assess the swallowing and quality of life of individuals with PD before and after DBS surgery. Methods  Our sample consisted of people who had undergone DBS surgery in a referral hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of PD and having undergone DBS surgery. A cognitive screening, through a questionnaire about depression and quality of life, was conducted...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617744/natural-history-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiology-and-disease-course
#3
N J Shaheen, V Mukkada, C S Eichinger, H Schofield, L Todorova, G W Falk
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic immune-mediated esophageal disorder. For its timely diagnosis, clinicians must recognize common symptoms, and understand differences in symptoms across patient groups. The aim of this study is to systematically review the epidemiology and natural history of eosinophilic esophagitis. The MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched from 1974 to February 2017 for studies describing the epidemiology and natural history of eosinophilic esophagitis. Congress abstracts from 2014 to 2016 were also searched...
March 31, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615955/commentary-early-screening-parameters-for-dysphagia-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#4
COMMENT
Massimiliano Toscano, Alessandro Viganò, Vittorio Di Piero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611876/screening-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-self-reported-questionnaires
#5
REVIEW
Hipólito V Magalhães Junior, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Kenio C Lima, Maria Angela F Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a swallowing disorder with signs and symptoms which may be present in older adults, but they are rarely noticed as a health concern by older people. The earliest possible identification of this clinical condition is needed by self-reported population-based screening questionnaire, which are valid and reliable for preventing risks to nutritional status, increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify self-reported screening questionnaires for oropharyngeal dysphagia in older adults to evaluate their methodological quality for population-based studies...
April 3, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607447/oropharyngeal-dysphagia-evaluation-tools-in-adults-with-solid-malignancies-outside-the-head-and-neck-and-upper-gi-tract-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Ciarán Kenny, Órla Gilheaney, Declan Walsh, Julie Regan
Dysphagia is often associated with head and neck and upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancers. Evidence suggests that those with solid malignancies in other primary sites may also have swallowing difficulties. Timely and accurate identification of dysphagia is important given the impact it has on hydration, medical treatment, nutrition, prognosis, and quality of life. A systematic review was conducted to identify swallow screening, evaluation, and quality of life tools for those with solid malignancies outside the head and neck and upper GI tract...
April 2, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594076/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-validation-and-reliability-of-the-northwestern-dysphagia-patient-check-sheet-ndpcs-in-iran
#7
Jalal Bakhtiyari, Masoomeh Salmani, Reyhaneh Noruzi, Payam Sarraf, Ebrahim Barzegar, Majid Mirmohammadkhani
Introduction: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) require proper tools to detect dysphagia in the early stages. One of these screening tools is the Northwestern Dysphagia Patient Check Sheet (NDPCS). However, this tool needs to be adapted, validated, and shown to be reliable for the Persian culture. The aim of the present study was to report the validity and reliability of the Persian NDPCS (P-NDPCS). Materials and Methods: The NDPCS has 28 items and five sections...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573064/prevalence-risk-factors-and-complications-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-stroke-patients-a-cohort-study
#8
L Rofes, D Muriana, E Palomeras, N Vilardell, E Palomera, D Alvarez-Berdugo, V Casado, P Clavé
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a prevalent poststroke condition with severe complications and increased mortality. Poststroke OD prevalence varies among studies and there is little evidence of its related risk factors and associated complications. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the prevalence of OD after stroke and the risk factors and associated complications. METHODS: We performed a prospective longitudinal study of stroke patients consecutively admitted to a general hospital...
March 23, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571756/a-validated-swallow-screener-for-dysphagia-and-aspiration-in-patients-with-stroke
#9
Anit Behera, Dana Read, Nancy Jackson, Bashar Saour, Dana Alshekhlee, Amy K Mosier
BACKGROUND: Early detection of dysphagia is critical to reducing hospital complications and length of stay in patients with various types of strokes. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the DePaul Hospital Swallow Screener (DHSS) tool to assess for dysphagia in patients with stroke. METHODS: This prospective observational study investigated patients admitted to a comprehensive stroke center. The DHSS is composed of a questionnaire containing 8 nonswallow items and a water swallow test...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566374/screening-for-dysphagia-perspectives-and-practices-of-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#10
Margaret Walshe, Megan Ryan, Julie Regan
OBJECTIVE: Clinical guidelines place considerable emphasis on early swallow screening, as it has significant impact on patient outcomes. This study aims to examine perspectives and practices of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the Republic of Ireland on swallow screening, exploring challenges in screening methods to improve practice and facilitate research. METHODS: An 18-item web-based survey was devised targeting SLTs working in dysphagia in Republic of Ireland...
March 22, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566298/impact-of-thermo-tactile-stimulation-on-the-speed-and-efficiency-of-swallowing-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Maria Schwarz, Elizabeth C Ward, Jane Ross, Adam Semciw
BACKGROUND: A delayed or absent swallow reflex is common in dysphagia and can have a significant impact on swallow safety. Recent clinical practice survey data have supported the fact that clinicians continue to use thermo-tactile stimulation (TTS) as a strategy to stimulate key nerve pathways and evoke a swallow reflex for patients with a delayed or absent swallow reflex. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of TTS as a compensatory and/or rehabilitative tool...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562879/dysphagia-risk-low-muscle-strength-and-poor-cognition-predict-malnutrition-risk-in-older-adults-athospital-admission
#12
Idah Chatindiara, Jacqueline Allen, Amy Popman, Darshan Patel, Marilize Richter, Marlena Kruger, Carol Wham
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in patients admitted to hospital may have detrimental effects on recovery and healing. Malnutrition is preceded by a state of malnutrition risk, yet malnutrition risk is often not detected during admission. The aim of the current study was to investigate the magnitude and potential predictors of malnutrition risk in older adults, at hospital admission. METHODS: A cross-sectional was study conducted in 234 older adults (age ≥ 65 or ≥ 55 for Māori or Pacific ethnicity) at admission to hospital in Auckland, New Zealand...
March 21, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552342/pre-stroke-undiagnosed-dysphagia-lusoria-as-a-rare-cause-of-aspiration-pneumonia-with-respiratory-failure-in-a-stroke-patient
#13
Vera Spatenkova, Pavlina Krejzarova, Jaroslav Jedlicka
Introduction: Dysphagia is a risk factor for aspiration pneumonia and acute respiratory failure in acute stroke patients. Dysphagia lusoria is caused by compression on the esophagus from artery lusoria, when the aberrant right subclavian artery arises from the descending aortic arch. We present a rare case report of pre-stroke undiagnosed dysphagia lusoria as a cause of aspiration pneumonia with acute respiratory failure in a 67-year-old female patient admitted with a minor left intracerebral hemorrhage in the left basal ganglia...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533960/the-effect-of-improved-dysphagia-care-on-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-trends-from-8-year-data-of-a-large-stroke-register
#14
Sonja Suntrup-Krueger, Jens Minnerup, Paul Muhle, Inga Claus, Jens Burchard Schröder, Thomas Marian, Tobias Warnecke, Marianne Kalic, Klaus Berger, Rainer Dziewas
BACKGROUND: Early dysphagia screening and appropriate management are recommended by current guidelines to reduce complications and case fatality in acute stroke. However, data on the potential benefit of changes in dysphagia care on patient outcome are limited. Our objective was to assess the degree of implementation of dysphagia guidelines and determine the impact of modifications in dysphagia screening and treatment practices on disease complications and outcome in stroke patients over time...
March 13, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531469/four-cancer-cases-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-time-to-start-screening-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#15
Floor Wt Vergouwe, Madeleine Gottrand, Bas Pl Wijnhoven, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Guillaume Piessen, Marco J Bruno, René Mh Wijnen, Manon Cw Spaander
Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the most common congenital digestive malformations and requires surgical correction early in life. Dedicated centers have reported survival rates up to 95%. The most frequent comorbidities after EA repair are dysphagia (72%) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) (67%). Chronic GER after EA repair might lead to mucosal damage, esophageal stricturing, Barrett's esophagus and eventually esophageal adenocarcinoma. Several long-term follow-up studies found an increased risk of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal carcinoma in EA patients, both at a relatively young age...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509531/barrett-s-esophagus-state-of-the-art
#16
Marcel Tanţău, Mihaela Laszlo, Alina Tanţău
Barrett's Esophagus (BE) is defined as a premalignant condition, where the esophageal squamous epithelium is replaced by intestinal epithelium. Specialized intestinal columnar metaplasia, typical for Barrett's esophagus, does not generate any symptoms. Most of the patients are initially seen for symptoms associated with the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), such as heartburn, regurgitation and dysphagia. The histological progression from intestinal metaplasia to dysplasia and then to BE-associated adenocarcinoma forms the argument for screening and endoscopic monitoring...
January 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504298/swallowing-and-aspiration-risk-a-critical-review-of-non-instrumental-bedside-screening-tests
#17
REVIEW
Ioanna Eleni Virvidaki, Grigorios Nasios, Maria Kosmidou, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Haralampos Milionis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The presence of dysphagia and aspiration in stroke patients is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Early recognition and management of these two conditions via reliable, minimally invasive bedside procedures before complications arise remains challenging in everyday clinical practice. This study reviews the available bedside screening tools for detecting swallowing status and aspiration risk in acute stroke by qualitatively observing reference population study design, clinical flexibility, reliability and applicability to acute-care settings...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497830/screening-for-dysphagia-in-adult-patients-with-stroke-assessing-the-accuracy-of-informal-detection
#18
Victoria Sherman, Heather Flowers, Moira K Kapral, Gordon Nicholson, Frank Silver, Rosemary Martino
Early identification of dysphagia by screening is recommended best practice for patients admitted to hospital with acute stroke. Screening can reduce the risk of pneumonia and promote stroke recovery, yet some institutions do not utilize a formal screening protocol. This study assessed the accuracy of informal dysphagia detection prior to implementation of a formal screening protocol. We conducted a secondary analysis of data captured between 2003 and 2008 from a sample of 250 adult stroke survivors admitted to a tertiary care centre...
March 1, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496764/validation-of-a-postextubation-dysphagia-screening-tool-for-patients-after-prolonged-endotracheal-intubation
#19
Karen L Johnson, Lauri Speirs, Anne Mitchell, Heather Przybyl, Diane Anderson, Brenda Manos, Amy T Schaenzer, Keri Winchester
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive prolonged endotracheal intubation (> 48 hours) are at risk for dysphagia. Nurses should conduct swallowing assessments after extubation because of the high likelihood of aspiration pneumonia developing. No valid and reliable postextubation dysphagia screening tools are available. OBJECTIVES: To establish content validity, analyze interrater reliability, and determine sensitivity and specificity of an evidence-based postextubation dysphagia screening tool developed by a multidisciplinary team...
March 2018: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493644/-telemonitoring-of-swallowing-function-technologies-in-speech-therapy-practice
#20
Angela Tedesco, Valentina Lavermicocca, Marilina Notarnicola, Luca De Francesco, Anna Rita Dellomonaco
The process of medical-healthcare technological revolution represents an advantage for the patient and for the care provider, in terms of costs and distances reduction. The telehomecare approach could be useful for monitoring the swallowing disorder in neurodegenerative diseases, preventing complications. In this study the applicability of telemedicine techniques for the monitoring of swallowing function, in patients affected by Huntington's disease (HD), was evaluated through the acquisition and analysis of the sound of swallowing...
February 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
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