keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dysphagia screening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469020/changes-in-nutritional-state-and-dysphagia-in-stroke-patients-monitored-during-a-14-d-period-in-a-burkina-faso-hospital-setting
#1
Jeoffray Diendéré, Athanase Millogo, Pierre-Marie Preux, Pierre Jésus, Jean-Claude Desport
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia and undernourishment are common in cerebrovascular accident (stroke) patients in developed countries. Despite the dietary transition, there is little information available in Africa on this topic. This study aims to assess the prevalence of undernourishment and dysphagia in stroke patients in two Burkina Faso teaching hospitals at a starting point (D0), on the eighth day, and on the 14th (D14) and to specify factors related to undernourishment at day 14. METHODOLOGY: The nutritional state of the patients was assessed using body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness, and mid-upper arm circumference...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466260/project-situp-an-interdisciplinary-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-aspiration-pneumonia
#2
Mary Beth OʼMalley, Rebecca L Trotta, Jeffrey Rohrbach, Vivek Ahya, Christine Bradway
The purpose of this quality improvement initiative was to improve oropharyngeal dysphagia screening and reduce aspiration pneumonia rates on 3 inpatient hospital medical units. Guided by a Plan-Do-Study-Act methodology, an interdisciplinary health team developed and implemented a systematic process for oropharyngeal dysphagia screening and management. As a result, use of the screening protocol increased, timely initiation of speech language pathology consultations increased, and aspiration pneumonia rates decreased...
April 2018: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456900/a-barium-swallow-study-leading-to-an-incidental-finding-on-a-screening-colonoscopy
#3
Patricia Guzman Rojas, Chirin Orabi, Glenn Speth
Barolith is a mixture of firm feces with barium sulfate, and a frequent cause of obstruction of the appendiceal lumen that can result in appendicitis. Nonetheless, some other complications like aspiration, allergic reaction, and bowel obstruction have also been reported. We present the case of a 71-year-old man with a history of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), who came to the gastroenterology clinic complaining of intermittent loose stools and dysphagia to solids for the past months. The patient underwent a barium swallow study six days prior and was completely normal...
December 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456200/diagnostic-validity-of-methods-for-assessment-of-swallowing-sounds-a-systematic-review
#4
Karinna Veríssimo Meira Taveira, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Bianca Lopes Cavalcante de Leão, José Stechman Neto, Leandro Pernambuco, Letícia Korb da Silva, Graziela De Luca Canto, André Luís Porporatti
INTRODUCTION: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a highly prevalent comorbidity in neurological patients and presents a serious health threat, which may lead to outcomes of aspiration pneumonia, ranging from hospitalization to death. This assessment proposes a non-invasive, acoustic-based method to differentiate between individuals with and without signals of penetration and aspiration. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the diagnostic validity of different methods for assessment of swallowing sounds, when compared to Videofluroscopic of Swallowing Study (VFSS) to detect oropharyngeal dysphagia...
February 3, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435836/oral-and-dental-health-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#5
Joel B Epstein, Andrei Barasch
A diagnosis of head and neck cancer (HNC) is typically followed by therapy that is associated with immediate and long-lasting toxic consequences. HNC patients' oral health needs may be complex and are best addressed in multidisciplinary collaborative teams including surgical, medical, and radiation oncologists, dental providers, nutrition, speech/swallow specialists, and physical therapists. Oral health maintenance also requires patient compliance and caregiver support. The role of dental providers begins prior to cancer diagnosis and continues through survivorship...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417423/dysphagia-in-myasthenia-gravis-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#6
Ebru Karaca Umay, Fatih Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Fatma Balli, Erhan Ozturk, Ozgur Karaahmet, Yasemin Eren, Tijen Ceylan
We evaluated swallowing function in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) with or without dysphagia symptoms using different evaluation parameters and compared the results with those of healthy subjects. A total of 36 patients with MG and 25 healthy volunteers were included in the study. The subjects were classified into three groups; patients without dysphagia (group 1), patients with dysphagia (group 2), and healthy participants (group 3). The presence and severity of dysphagia, the oropharyngeal, pharyngeal, pharyngoesophageal, and esophageal phases were assessed using a screening test, manometric test, electrophysiologic studies [electroneuromyography (EMG)], fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), and barium swallow pharyngeal esophagography (BSPE), respectively...
February 7, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415841/interrater-reliability-of-the-volume-viscosity-swallow-test-screening-for-dysphagia-among-hospitalized-elderly-medical-patients
#7
Lise Walther Jørgensen, Kasper Søndergaard, Dorte Melgaard, Susan Warming
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is prevalent among medical and geriatric patients admitted due to acute illness and it is associated with malnutrition, increased length of stay and increased mortality. A valid and reliable bedside screening test for patients at risk of OD is essential in order to detect patients in need of further assessment. The Volume-Viscosity Swallow Test (V-VST) has been shown to be a valid screening test for OD in mixed outpatient populations. However, as reliability of the test has yet to be investigated in a population of medical and geriatric patients admitted due to acute illness, we aimed to determine the interrater reliability of the V-VST in this clinical setting...
December 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409082/-orophagyngeal-dysphagia-in-older-persons-evaluation-and-therapeutic-options
#8
Rainer Wirth, Gero Lueg, Rainer Dziewas
The prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia in older persons is high. Because it is frequently undetected, screening tests should be applied in risk groups. If the screening test is positive or typical risk factors are present, an instrumental assessment should be utilized. Objective diagnostic tools such as endoscopic evaluation and videofluoroscopy allow the description of the individual dysphagia pattern, which is the basis for an individualized treatment. The endoscopic evaluation of swallowing is increasingly used because it includes several advantages...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389984/systematic-dysphagia-screening-and-dietary-modifications-to-reduce-stroke-associated-pneumonia-rates-in-a-stroke-unit
#9
Yvonne Teuschl, Michaela Trapl, Paulina Ratajczak, Karl Matz, Alexandra Dachenhausen, Michael Brainin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While formal screening for dysphagia following acute stroke is strongly recommended, there is little evidence on how multi-consistency screening and dietary modifications affect the rate of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP). This observational study reports which factors affect formal screening on a stroke-unit and how dietary recommendations relate to SAP. METHOD: Analyses from a database including 1394 patients admitted with acute stroke at our stroke-unit in Austria between 2012 and 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381987/a-case-report-and-literature-review-of-barium-sulphate-aspiration-during-upper-gastrointestinal-examination
#10
Gao-Wu Yan, Jiang-Fa Deng, Anup Bhetuwal, Guo-Qing Yang, Quan-Shui Fu, Hong Chen, Na Hu, Hao Zeng, Xiao-Ping Fan, Gao-Wen Yan, Xiao-Lin Wu
RATIONALE: Even though barium sulphate aspiration during upper gastrointestinal examination is a well-known phenomenon, complication such as long-term lung injury and death may still occur. This may depend upon the concentration, amount, anatomy, or certain predisposing factors. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old woman who had a barium swallow to screen for foreign body in esophagus. DIAGNOSES: Chest radiographs demonstrated massive barium sulphate depositions in her trachea and inferior lobe of right lung...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372125/dilated-thoracic-esophagus-presenting-with-painful-progressive-persistent-dysphagia-and-leukocytosis-of-unknown-origin
#11
Kyawzaw Lin, Jamil Shah, Emmanuel Ofori, Vahe Shahnazarian, Madhavi Reddy
Esophageal cancer is the eighth-most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The most common presenting symptom in advanced distal esophageal cancer is the sensation of sticking food, but it may sometimes present with bleeding and related complications, or asymptomatic leukocytosis. We present the case of a 77-year-old afebrile man with chronic alcoholism and a dilated thoracic esophagus with painful, progressive, and persistent dysphagia and leukocytosis of unknown origin. A 77-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension and colonic cancer status post right hemicolectomy (surveillance negative) presented to the emergency department with painful, progressive, persistent, and worsening dysphagia for the past three weeks...
November 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367332/effect-of-dysphagia-screening-strategies-on-clinical-outcomes-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-for-the-2018-guidelines-for-the-early-management-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#12
REVIEW
Eric E Smith, David M Kent, Ketan R Bulsara, Lester Y Leung, Judith H Lichtman, Mathew J Reeves, Amytis Towfighi, William N Whiteley, Darin B Zahuranec
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia screening protocols have been recommended to identify patients at risk for aspiration. The American Heart Association convened an evidence review committee to systematically review evidence for the effectiveness of dysphagia screening protocols to reduce the risk of pneumonia, death, or dependency after stroke. METHODS: The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched on November 1, 2016, to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing dysphagia screening protocols or quality interventions with increased dysphagia screening rates and reporting outcomes of pneumonia, death, or dependency...
January 24, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319716/screening-protocol-for-dysphagia-in-adults-comparison-with-videofluoroscopic-findings
#13
Fernanda C Sassi, Gisele C Medeiros, Bruno Zilberstein, Shri Krishna Jayanthi, Claudia R F de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: To compare the videofluoroscopic findings of patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia with the results of a clinical screening protocol. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted on all consecutive patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia between March 2015 and February 2016 who were assigned to receive a videofluoroscopic assessment of swallowing. All patients were first submitted to videofluoroscopy and then to the clinical assessment of swallowing...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314040/esophagram-findings-in-cervical-esophageal-stenosis-a-case-controlled-quantitative-analysis
#14
Jacob West, Cherine H Kim, Zachary Reichert, Priya Krishna, Brianna K Crawley, Jared C Inman
OBJECTIVE: Cervical esophageal stenosis is often diagnosed with a qualitative evaluation of a barium esophagram. Although the esophagram is frequently the initial screening exam for dysphagia, a clear objective standard for stenosis has not been defined. In this study, we measured esophagram diameters in order to establish a quantitative standard for defining cervical esophageal stenosis that requires surgical intervention. STUDY DESIGN: Single institution case-control study...
January 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285846/development-of-a-modified-swallowing-screening-tool-to-manage-post-extubation-dysphagia
#15
Martin Christensen, Michaela Trapl
Post-extubation dysphagia is a condition that is becoming a growing concern. The condition occurs in 3-62% of extubated patients and can be related to mixed aetiologies, such as neuromuscular impairment, critical illness and laryngeal damage. The risk factors for developing dysphagia in critically ill patients are under-diagnosed and perhaps underestimated. Recent studies recommend the implementation of a standardized swallowing screen to prevent aspiration and decrease pneumonia rate and mortality. The aim of this quality improvement initiative was the development of a bedside swallowing screening tool to assess effective swallowing post-endotracheal extubation...
December 28, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282511/locoregional-tumor-extension-and-preoperative-smoking-are-significant-risk-factors-for-early-recurrence-after-esophagectomy-for-cancer
#16
Styliani Mantziari, Pierre Allemann, Michael Winiker, Nicolas Demartines, Markus Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Tumor recurrence during the first year after oncological esophagectomy has been reported in up to 17-66% of patients. However, little is known as to the risk factors potentially associated with this adverse outcome. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to identify clinically relevant parameters associated with early recurrence. METHODS: All patients with squamous cell cancer or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction, operated with curative intent in our center from 2000 to 2014, were screened for this study...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209125/transmitted-cardiovascular-pulsations-on-high-resolution-esophageal-impedance-manometry-and-their-significance-in-dysphagia
#17
Naueen A Chaudhry, Kamran Zahid, Sara Keihanian, Yunfeng Dai, Qing Zhang
AIM: To investigate the behavior of pulsatile pressure zones (PPZ's) as noted on high resolution esophageal impedance manometry (HREIM), and determine their association with dysphagia. METHODS: Retrospective, single center case control design screening HREIM studies for cases (dysphagia) and controls (no dysphagia). Thoracic radiology studies were reviewed further in cases for (thoracic cardiovascular) thoracic cardiovascular (TCV) structures in esophageal proximity to compare with HREIM findings...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185035/relationship-between-frequency-of-spontaneous-swallowing-and-salivary-substance-p-level-in-patients-with-acute-stroke
#18
Masachika Niimi, Gentaro Hashimoto, Takatoshi Hara, Naoki Yamada, Masahiro Abo, Hiroto Fujigasaki, Takafumi Ide
The frequency of spontaneous swallowing is useful for screening of dysphagia in acute stroke. Low levels of substance P (SP) in saliva attenuate the swallowing reflex. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the frequency of spontaneous swallowing and salivary SP levels. In 40 subjects, saliva was collected within 72 h after stroke onset and salivary SP levels were measured using ELISA kit at a later date. The frequency of spontaneous swallowing was measured over 1 h using a microphone placed on the neck...
November 28, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178420/drooling-is-no-early-sign-of-dysphagia-in-parkinson-s-disease
#19
J C Nienstedt, C Buhmann, M Bihler, A Niessen, R Plaetke, C Gerloff, C Pflug
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is frequent and clinically highly relevant in Parkinson's disease (PD). For a rational dysphagia screening predictors are required. Previous investigations suggested that drooling correlates with dysphagia and may serve as its early sign. The aim of this study was to clarify the interrelationship of drooling and dysphagia. METHODS: In a controlled, cross-sectional, observational study, a total of 119 Parkinson outpatients and 32 controls were examined clinically and by flexible-endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES)...
November 27, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157238/evaluation-of-normal-swallowing-functions-by-using-dynamic-high-density-surface-electromyography-maps
#20
Mingxing Zhu, Bin Yu, Wanzhang Yang, Yanbing Jiang, Lin Lu, Zhen Huang, Shixiong Chen, Guanglin Li
BACKGROUND: Swallowing is a continuous process with substantive interdependencies among different muscles, and it plays a significant role in our daily life. The aim of this study was to propose a novel technique based on high-density surface electromyography (HD sEMG) for the evaluation of normal swallowing functions. METHODS: A total of 96 electrodes were placed on the front neck to acquire myoelectric signals from 12 healthy subjects while they were performing different swallowing tasks...
November 21, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
keyword
keyword
110616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"