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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30388605/influence-of-japanese-diet-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-on-lipid-metabolism-in-offspring
#1
Haruna Ishikawa, Xiaoxu Guo, Saeko Sugawara, Yui Iwagaki, Kazushi Yamamoto, Ai Konno, Mika Nishiuchi, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that obesity is rare among those who consume the Japanese diet because of its lower caloric content compared with the American diet. Meanwhile, it has been reported that maternal caloric restriction, which induces antiobesity effects, during pregnancy and lactation increases the likelihood of a low birthweight infant, which increases the risks for obesity and diabetes later in life. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of maternal consumption of the Japanese diet during pregnancy and lactation on the risk for obesity and diabetes in the offspring later in life...
July 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320911/beneficial-effects-of-metformin-on-muscle-atrophy-induced-by-obesity-in-rats
#2
Mai M Hasan, Sally M Shalaby, Jehan El-Gendy, Eman M A Abdelghany
AIM: A growing interest to understand the signaling pathways mediating obesity-induced muscle atrophy is given. Metformin (Met) was reported to possess positive effects on preventing muscle damage and promoting muscle mass maintenance. The aim of the present study to investigate pathways involved in Met effect on obesity induced muscle atrophy. METHODS: Thirty adult male albino rats were assigned into two groups: normal chew diet fed group as control group (C; n = 10) and high-fat-diet (HFD) fed group ( n = 20)...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304827/cigarette-smoke-during-breastfeeding-in-rats-changes-glucocorticoid-and-vitamin-d-status-in-obese-adult-offspring
#3
Patricia Novaes Soares, Vanessa Silva Tavares Rodrigues, Thamara Cherem Peixoto, Camila Calvino, Rosiane Aparecida Miranda, Bruna Pereira Lopes, Nayara Peixoto-Silva, Luciana Lopes Costa, Sylvio Claudio-Neto, Alex Christian Manhães, Elaine Oliveira, Egberto Gaspar de Moura, Patricia Cristina Lisboa
Maternal smoking increases obesogenesis in the progeny. Obesity is associated with several hormonal dysfunctions. In a rat model of postnatal tobacco smoke exposure, we previously reported increased central fat depot and disruption of some hormonal systems in the adult offspring. As both glucocorticoids and vitamin D alter lipogenesis and adipogenesis, here we evaluated the metabolism of these two hormones in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and liver by Western blotting, and possible associations with lipogenesis biomarkers in adult rats that were exposed to tobacco smoke during their suckling period...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276420/oral-ethinylestradiol-levonorgestrel-attenuates-cardiac-glycogen-and-triglyceride-accumulation-in-high-fructose-female-rats-by-suppressing-pyruvate-dehydrogenase-kinase-4
#4
Kehinde Samuel Olaniyi, Lawrence Aderemi Olatunji
Fructose (FRU) intake has increased dramatically in recent decades with a corresponding increased incidence of insulin resistance (IR), particularly in young adults. The use of oral ethinylestradiol-levonorgestrel (EEL) formulation is also common among young women worldwide. The present study aimed at determining the effect of EEL on high fructose-induced cardiac triglyceride (TG) and glycogen accumulation. The study also investigated the possible involvement of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 (PDK-4) in EEL and/or high fructose metabolic effects on the heart...
October 1, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797529/physical-deconditioning-is-the-common-denominator-in-both-obese-and-overweight-subjects-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#5
C K Argo, J G Stine, Z H Henry, C Lackner, J T Patrie, A L Weltman, S H Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Obesity and decreased physical activity mirror increasing prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). AIM: We aimed to investigate associations between aerobic fitness, anthropometrics and disease parameters in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We hypothesised that NASH subjects have lower aerobic power and capacity than untrained, sedentary, normal subjects. METHODS: Forty subjects (60% obese, 40% overweight) with biopsy-confirmed NASH and NAFLD activity score (NAS) ≥4 were enrolled in a clinical trial where anthropometrics, laboratories, liver fat content by MRI, activity, and aerobic fitness by cycle ergometry data were obtained...
August 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758402/lactation-related-changes-in-tissue-expression-of-pedf-in-dairy-cows
#6
H Sadri, B Saremi, S Dänicke, J Rehage, M Mielenz, A Hosseini, H Sauerwein
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is evolving as metabolic regulatory protein. Albeit mostly considered in only pathological conditions related to excess energy intake resulting in obesity and insulin resistance, PEDF is likely to be involved in other physiological processes such as the homeorhetic adaptation of metabolism to lactation. We aimed to characterize the expression of PEDF and its association to the concomitant mobilization of body reserves during lactation in nonobese subjects. This mobilization is particularly distinct in dairy cows, and we therefore assessed the mRNA expression of PEDF and its putative receptors in different tissues in 2 trials with dairy cows fed with or without conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs)...
July 2018: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467799/exposure-to-maternal-cafeteria-diets-during-the-suckling-period-has-greater-effects-on-fat-deposition-and-sterol-regulatory-element-binding-protein-1c-srebp-1c-gene-expression-in-rodent-offspring-compared-to-exposure-before-birth
#7
M A Vithayathil, J R Gugusheff, Z Y Ong, S C Langley-Evans, R A Gibson, B S Muhlhausler
Background: While the adverse metabolic effects of exposure to obesogenic diets during both the prenatal and early postnatal period are well established, the relative impact of exposure during these separate developmental windows remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the relative contribution of exposure to a maternal cafeteria diet during pregnancy and lactation on body weight, fat mass and expression of lipogenic and adipokine genes in the offspring. Methods: Wistar rats were fed either a control chow (Control, n  = 14) or obesogenic cafeteria diet (CAF, n  = 12) during pregnancy and lactation...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401632/impaired-prolactin-actions-mediate-altered-offspring-metabolism-induced-by-maternal-high-fat-feeding-during-lactation
#8
Ericka A de Los Ríos, Xarubet Ruiz-Herrera, Viridiana Tinoco-Pantoja, Fernando López-Barrera, Gonzalo Martínez de la Escalera, Carmen Clapp, Yazmín Macotela
Maternal diet during lactation affects offspring metabolic health throughout life. Prolactin (PRL) is present in high quantities in maternal milk; however, the effects of milk PRL on the offspring remain poorly characterized. In this study, we evaluated whether feeding a high-fat diet (HFD) to rats during lactation alters PRL, both in the mother's serum and in milk, and whether this factor contributes to HFD-induced metabolic dysfunction in the offspring. Maternal HFD resulted in decreased PRL levels in milk (but not in serum), reduced mammary gland (MG) PRL receptor expression, and altered MG structure and function...
June 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380149/litter-size-reduction-accentuates-maternal-care-and-alters-behavioral-and-physiological-phenotypes-in-rat-adult-offspring
#9
Silvia Enes-Marques, Alexandre Giusti-Paiva
Maternal behavior has a substantial impact on the behavioral, endocrine, and neural development of the pups. This study investigated the effect of altering the neonatal nutritional environment by modifying the litter size on maternal care and anxiety- and fear-like behaviors in rats during adulthood. On postnatal day (PND) 2, litters were adjusted to a small litter (SL) size of three pups per dam or normal litter (NL) size of 12 pups per dam. Maternal behaviors were scored daily during lactation (PND2-21). The weight gain, food intake, adiposity, and biochemical landmarks of offspring rats were evaluated...
November 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375011/effect-of-the-japanese-diet-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-or-post-weaning-on-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-offspring
#10
Haruna Ishikawa, Xiaoxu Guo, Saeko Sugawara, Yui Iwagaki, Kazushi Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki
We examined the effects on offspring of ingestion of the 1975 Japanese diet during pregnancy and lactation and after weaning in mice. Pregnant dams were divided into groups that were fed the Japanese diet or a control diet and raised until offspring were weaned. The offspring after weaning were further divided into groups that were raised on the Japanese diet or the control diet. Ingestion of the Japanese diet after weaning suppressed accumulation of visceral fat in offspring, and reduced the amount of lipids in serum and liver...
March 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319751/effects-of-maternal-high-fat-intake-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-on-total-cholesterol-and-adipose-tissue-in-neonatal-rats
#11
M S Lima, G S Perez, G L Morais, L S Santos, G S Cordeiro, R D Couto, T C B J Deiró, C G Leandro, J M Barreto-Medeiros
AIM: Obesity during pregnancy is one of the most established risk factors for negative long-term programming. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of maternal consumption of a high-fat diet during pregnancy and lactation on the weight gain, visceral adipose tissue and cholesterolemia in neonatal rats. METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into two groups according to the mother's diet during pregnancy and lactation: Control group (CG, n = 12) were the offspring of rats fed a standard diet (4% lipid) and the Test group (TG, n = 12) were pups rats fed on a high fat diet (23% lipid)...
November 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222412/ancestral-perinatal-obesogen-exposure-results-in-a-transgenerational-thrifty-phenotype-in-mice
#12
Raquel Chamorro-Garcia, Carlos Diaz-Castillo, Bassem M Shoucri, Heidi Käch, Ron Leavitt, Toshi Shioda, Bruce Blumberg
Ancestral environmental exposures to non-mutagenic agents can exert effects in unexposed descendants. This transgenerational inheritance has significant implications for understanding disease etiology. Here we show that exposure of F0 mice to the obesogen tributyltin (TBT) throughout pregnancy and lactation predisposes unexposed F4 male descendants to obesity when dietary fat is increased. Analyses of body fat, plasma hormone levels, and visceral white adipose tissue DNA methylome and transcriptome collectively indicate that the F4 obesity is consistent with a leptin resistant, thrifty phenotype...
December 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186387/resveratrol-intake-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-modulates-the-early-metabolic-effects-of-maternal-nutrition-differently-in-male-and-female-offspring
#13
Purificación Ros, Francisca Díaz, Alejandra Freire-Regatillo, Pilar Argente-Arizón, Vicente Barrios, Jesús Argente, Julie A Chowen
Poor maternal nutrition can have detrimental long-term consequences on energy homeostasis in the offspring. Resveratrol exerts antioxidant and antiobesity actions, but its impact during development remains largely unknown. We hypothesized that resveratrol intake during pregnancy and lactation could improve the effects of poor maternal nutrition on offspring metabolism. Wistar rats received a low-fat diet (LFD; 10.2% kcal from fat) or high-fat diet (HFD; 61.6% kcal from fat), with half of each group receiving resveratrol in their drinking water (50 mg/L) during pregnancy and lactation...
February 1, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151452/development-of-a-new-diet-induced-obesity-dio-model-using-wistar-lean-rats
#14
Yoriko Kimura, Atsushi Yamada, Yoko Takabayashi, Tsunehiko Tsubota, Hisao Kasuga
Obesity is an increasingly severe socioeconomic health issue worldwide. Rodents with diet-induced obesity (DIO) are widely used as models of obesity. The main aim of this study was to establish a DIO model using Wistar lean (+/+ or +/-) rats by feeding a high-fat diet (45 kcal% fat) to dams during the latter term of gestation and the lactation period. A second aim was to examine the effect of post-weaning nutrition independently of maternal nutrition. Some pups (group D) were fed the same high-fat diet after weaning, while others (group C) were fed a chow diet after weaning...
May 10, 2018: Experimental Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110748/perinatal-maternal-high-fat-diet-induces-early-obesity-and-sex-specific-alterations-of-the-endocannabinoid-system-in-white-and-brown-adipose-tissue-of-weanling-rat-offspring
#15
Mariana M Almeida, Camilla P Dias-Rocha, André S Souza, Mariana F Muros, Leonardo S Mendonca, Carmen C Pazos-Moura, Isis H Trevenzoli
Perinatal maternal high-fat (HF) diet programmes offspring obesity. Obesity is associated with overactivation of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in adult subjects, but the role of the ECS in the developmental origins of obesity is mostly unknown. The ECS consists of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors (cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB1) and cannabinoid type-2 receptor (CB2)) and metabolising enzymes. We hypothesised that perinatal maternal HF diet would alter the ECS in a sex-dependent manner in white and brown adipose tissue of rat offspring at weaning in parallel to obesity development...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102876/maternal-high-fat-diet-induces-sex-specific-endocannabinoid-system-changes-in-newborn-rats-and-programs-adiposity-energy-expenditure-and-food-preference-in-adulthood
#16
Camilla P Dias-Rocha, Mariana M Almeida, Erika M Santana, Julia C B Costa, Juliana G Franco, Carmen C Pazos-Moura, Isis H Trevenzoli
Early life inadequate nutrition triggers developmental adaptations and adult chronic disease. Maternal high-fat (HF) diet promotes visceral obesity and hypothalamic leptin resistance in male rat offspring at weaning and adulthood. Obesity is related to over active endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS consists mainly of endogenous ligands, cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), and the enzymes fatty acid anandamide hydrolase (FAAH) and monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL). We hypothesized that perinatal maternal HF diet would regulate offspring ECS in hypothalamus and brown adipose tissue (BAT) at birth, prior to visceral obesity development, and program food preference and energy expenditure of adult offspring...
January 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054611/maternal-undernutrition-during-lactation-alters-nicotine-reward-and-dopac-dopamine-ratio-in-cerebral-cortex-in-adolescent-mice-but-does-not-affect-nicotine-induced-nachrs-upregulation
#17
Ana C Dutra-Tavares, Juliana O Silva, André L Nunes-Freitas, Vinícius M S Guimarães, Ulisses C Araújo, Ellen P S Conceição, Egberto G Moura, Patrícia C Lisboa, Cláudio C Filgueiras, Alex C Manhães, Yael Abreu-Villaça, Anderson Ribeiro-Carvalho
Early undernutrition causes long lasting alterations that affect the response to psychoactive drugs. Particularly, undernutrition during lactation affects the acute locomotor response to nicotine during adolescence, but the reward effect of continued exposure to nicotine remains unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of undernutrition during lactation on the nicotine susceptibility indexed via conditioned place preference (CPP), on dopamine content and turnover and on nicotine-induced nicotinic cholinergic receptor (nAChR) upregulation in the cerebral cortex, midbrain and hippocampus of adolescent mice...
April 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989878/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-markers-among-women-at-1-year-postpartum-as-per-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-status-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Neha A Kajale, Vaman Khadilkar, Shashi A Chiplonkar, Raja Padidela, Anuradha V Khadilkar
INTRODUCTION: Maternal body composition (BC) changes during lactation. Increased prepregnancy obesity is associated with poor obstetric outcomes. The aim was to study changes in maternal BC postpartum (PP) to 1-year PP with reference to their prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) status. METHODS: The study design was a 1-year follow-up study. Sixty-five apparently healthy primiparous women (28.6 ± 3.4 years delivered full-term infants) were randomly selected from December 2010 to June 2013 and postclassified on the basis of their prepregnancy BMI status...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859076/developmental-programming-of-somatic-growth-behavior-and-endocannabinoid-metabolism-by-variation-of-early-postnatal-nutrition-in-a-cross-fostering-mouse-model
#19
Felix Schreiner, Merle Ackermann, Michael Michalik, Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother, Andras Bilkei-Gorzo, Ildiko Racz, Laura Bindila, Beat Lutz, Jörg Dötsch, Andreas Zimmer, Joachim Woelfle
BACKGROUND: Nutrient deprivation during early development has been associated with the predisposition to metabolic disorders in adulthood. Considering its interaction with metabolism, appetite and behavior, the endocannabinoid (eCB) system represents a promising target of developmental programming. METHODS: By cross-fostering and variation of litter size, early postnatal nutrition of CB6F1-hybrid mice was controlled during the lactation period (3, 6, or 10 pups/mother)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567337/body-mass-index-is-associated-with-region-dependent-metabolic-reprogramming-of-adipose-tissue
#20
Marco G Alves, Ângela Moreira, Marta Guimarães, Mário Nora, Mario Sousa, Pedro F Oliveira, Mariana P Monteiro
Adipose tissue (AT) is involved in dysmetabolism pathogenesis. Regional fat distribution and functioning may contribute to obesity-related metabolic disorders and adverse health outcomes. Specific fat depots are suggested to possess unique biological properties, but specific metabolic profiles of subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) remain unknown. We aimed to characterize VAT and SAT glucose metabolism, and their correlation with body mass index (BMI). AT samples from patients (n = 12; F:M, 9:3) with a mean age of 46 years (26-83 years) and an average BMI of 29...
December 2017: BBA Clinical
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