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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335467/through-the-kinesthetic-lens-observation-of-social-attunement-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#1
Rosemarie Samaritter, Helen Payne
This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333552/treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis-during-pregnancy-safety-considerations
#2
Jan Thone, Sandra Thiel, Ralf Gold, Kerstin Hellwig
Women with multiple sclerosis (MS) are treated early in the disease course with disease modifying therapies (DMT). Updated information is needed on pregnancy outcomes of DMT-exposed pregnancies and the effect of the drug withdrawal on MS disease activity. Areas covered: In this review, we will cover the most important updated management strategies in planning a pregnancy when having MS. Expert opinion: MS itself does not increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and does not negatively influence the long-term course of the disease...
March 23, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320170/evaluating-the-association-of-allergies-with-multiple-sclerosis-susceptibility-risk-and-disease-activity-in-a-pediatric-population
#3
Theresa Bourne, Michael Waltz, T C Casper, K Kavak, G Aaen, A Belman, L Benson, M Candee, T Chitnis, J Graves, B Greenberg, M Gorman, Y Harris, L Krupp, T Lotze, S Mar, J Ness, C Olsen, S Roalstad, M Rodriguez, J Rose, J Rubin, T Schreiner, J M Tillema, I Kahn, A Waldman, L Barcellos, E Waubant, B Weinstock-Guttman
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) and allergies are both considered to be related to imbalanced Th1 and Th2 immune responses. Previous studies evaluating the relationship between MS and allergies provide conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To assess allergies and asthma as risk factors for MS and as predictors of MS relapses in a pediatric cohort. METHODS: The environment and genetic risk factors for pediatric MS study is a national case-control project with 16 participating US sites...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317084/dietary-interventions-and-multiple-sclerosis
#4
REVIEW
Ghadah Altowaijri, Allison Fryman, Vijayshree Yadav
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, disabling neurologic disease that has its onset in young adulthood. While the knowledge about underlying pathogenesis of MS has improved significantly over the last few decades, the exact cause still eludes us. Despite the availability of several United States Food and Drug Administration-approved disease-modifying therapies (DMT) for MS in the last two decades, the disease remains disabling for many. DMT use is limited by its partial effectiveness, significant side effects in many cases, and high cost that leads people with MS (PwMS) to look for alternative management options...
March 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315276/the-sigma-1-receptor-a-therapeutic-target-for-the-treatment-of-als
#5
Timur A Mavlyutov, Erin M Baker, Tasher M Losenegger, Jaimie R Kim, Brian Torres, Miles L Epstein, Arnold E Ruoho
The membrane bound 223 amino acid Sigma-1 Receptor (S1R) serves as a molecular chaperone and functional regulator of many signaling proteins. Spinal cord motor neuron activation occurs, in part, via large ventral horn cholinergic synapses called C-boutons/C-terminals. Chronic excitation of motor neurons and alterations in C-terminals has been associated with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS ). The S1R has an important role in regulating motor neuron function. High levels of the S1R are localized in postsynaptic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) subsurface cisternae within 10-20 nm of the plasma membrane that contain muscarinic type 2 acetylcholine receptors (M2AChR), calcium activated potassium channels (Kv2...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283486/systematic-literature-review-and-network-meta-analysis-in-highly-active-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-and-rapidly-evolving-severe-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Eline Huisman, Katerina Papadimitropoulou, James Jarrett, Matthew Bending, Zoe Firth, Felicity Allen, Nick Adlard
OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, neurodegenerative autoimmune disorder affecting the central nervous system. Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) is the most common clinical form of MS and affects ∼85% of cases at onset. Highly active (HA) and rapidly evolving severe (RES) RRMS are 2 forms of RRMS amenable to disease-modifying therapies (DMT). This study explored the efficacy of fingolimod relative to other DMTs for the treatment of HA and RES RRMS. METHODS: A systematic literature review (SLR) was conducted to identify published randomised controlled trials in HA and RES RRMS...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283109/classifying-pml-risk-with-disease-modifying-therapies
#7
REVIEW
Joseph R Berger
OBJECTIVE: To catalogue the risk of PML with the currently available disease modifying therapies (DMTs) for multiple sclerosis (MS). BACKGROUND: All DMTs perturb the immune system in some fashion. Natalizumab, a highly effective DMT, has been associated with a significant risk of PML. Fingolimod and dimethyl fumarate have also been unquestionably associated with a risk of PML in the MS population. Concerns about PML risk with other DMTs have arisen due to their mechanism of action and pharmacological parallel to other agents with known PML risk...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283101/sex-differences-in-outcomes-of-disease-modifying-treatments-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Rui Li, Xiaobo Sun, Yaqing Shu, Zhifeng Mao, Li Xiao, Wei Qiu, Zhengqi Lu, Xueqiang Hu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic immune mediated demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that exhibits sexual dimorphism and may benefit from sex-specific treatment. To investigate a potential influence of sex on immunomodulatory therapeutic effects in patients with MS, we performed a comprehensive analysis of published studies examining sex differences in the effects of disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) for MS. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were searched for clinical studies involving patients with MS who were undergoing DMTs...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274968/conjoint-analysis-to-understand-preferences-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-for-disease-modifying-therapy-attributes-in-spain-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#9
Rafael Arroyo, Angel P Sempere, Elena Ruiz-Beato, Daniel Prefasi, Agata Carreño, Montse Roset, Jorge Maurino
OBJECTIVE: To assess patients' preferences for a range of disease-modifying therapy (DMT) attributes in multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: The data reported were from 17 MS units throughout Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients with relapsing-remitting MS. MAIN OUTCOME: A conjoint analysis was applied to assess preferences. A total of 221 patients completed a survey with 10 hypothetical DMT profiles developed using an orthogonal design and rating preferences from 1 (most acceptable) to 10 (least acceptable)...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264767/spatial-navigation-and-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Joe Verghese, Richard Lipton, Emmeline Ayers
INTRODUCTION: Spatial navigation deficits are reported in dementia, but their temporal relationship to cognitive decline is not established. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study in 442 nondemented adults (mean age 79.9 years). Spatial navigation measured with the Floor Maze Test and reported as immediate maze time (IMT) and delayed maze time (DMT). Predementia syndromes, mild cognitive impairment syndrome (MCI) and motoric cognitive risk syndrome (MCR), were primary outcomes...
March 3, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259779/in-vivo-characteristics-of-corneal-endothelium-descemet-s-membrane-complex-for-the-diagnosis-of-corneal-graft-rejection
#11
Mohamed Abou Shousha, Sonia H Yoo, Mohamed S Sayed, Sean Edelstein, Matthew Council, Ravi S Shah, Joshua Abernathy, Zachary Schmitz, Patrick Stuart, Rocio Bentivegna, Maria P Fernandez, Christopher Smith, Xiaotang Yin, George J Harocopos, Sander R Dubovy, William J Feuer, Jianhua Wang, Victor L Perez
PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of Endothelial/Descemet's membrane complex (En/DM) characteristics in diagnosing corneal graft rejection. DESIGN: Diagnostic reliability study. METHODS: 139 eyes (96 corneal grafts post penetrating keratoplasty or Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty: 40 clear, 23 actively rejecting, 24 rejected and 9 non-immunological failed grafts, along with 43 age-matched control eyes) were imaged using high-definition optical coherence tomography...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238186/effects-of-hallucinogens-on-neuronal-activity
#12
L Lladó-Pelfort, P Celada, M S Riga, E Troyano-Rodríguez, N Santana, F Artigas
Hallucinogens evoke sensory, perceptual, affective, and cognitive effects that may be useful to understand the neurobiological basis of mood and psychotic disorders. The present chapter reviews preclinical research carried out in recent years in order to better understand the action of psychotomimetic agents such as the noncompetitive NMDA receptor (NMDA-R) antagonists and serotonergic hallucinogens. Our studies have focused on the mechanisms through which these agents alter cortical activity. Noncompetitive NMDA-R antagonists, such as phencyclidine (PCP) and MK-801 (dizocilpine), as well as the serotonergic hallucinogens DOI and 5-MeO-DMT, produce similar effects on cellular and population activity in prefrontal cortex (PFC); these effects include alterations of pyramidal neuron discharge (with an overall increase in firing), as well as a marked attenuation of the low frequency oscillations (0...
February 26, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217790/nanotribological-properties-of-nanostructured-poly-cysteine-methacrylate-brushes
#13
Omed Al-Jaf, Abdullah Alswieleh, Steven P Armes, Graham J Leggett
The nanomechanical properties of zwitterionic poly(cysteine methacrylate) (PCysMA) brushes grown from planar surfaces by atom transfer radical polymerisation have been characterised by friction force microscopy (FFM). FFM provides quantitative insights into polymer structure-property relationships and in particular illuminates the dependence of brush swelling on chain packing in nanostructured materials. In ethanol, which is a poor solvent for PCysMA, a linear friction-load relationship is observed, indicating that energy dissipation occurs primarily through ploughing...
February 20, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203098/health-care-resource-utilization-before-and-after-natalizumab-initiation-among-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-germany
#14
Crystal Watson, Christine Prosser, Sebastian Braun, Pamela B Landsman-Blumberg, Erika Gleissner, Sarah Naoshy
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS), a progressive neurodegenerative disease, greatly impacts the quality of life and economic status of people affected by this disease. In Germany, the total annual cost of MS is estimated at €40,000 per person with MS. Natalizumab has shown to slow MS disease progression, reduce relapses, and improve the quality of life of people with MS. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate MS-related and all-cause health care resource utilization and costs among German MS patients during the 12 months before and after initiation of natalizumab in a real-world setting...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203085/the-effect-of-psychometric-variables-in-predicting-physical-activity-behavior-among-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients
#15
Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Fira Abamecha Ababulgu, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Getachew Kiros Abraha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus type-2 (DMT-2), the most common endocrine disease in the world, is a major global public health-related issue. Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common non-communicable diseases globally, and there is substantial evidence that it is epidemic in many low- and middle-income countries. It is widely recognized that physical activity is important in preventing and treating DMT-2. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of physical activity among DMT-2 patients attending Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH), Southwest Ethiopia...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161577/motivations-for-new-psychoactive-substance-use-among-regular-psychostimulant-users-in-australia
#16
Rachel Sutherland, Raimondo Bruno, Amy Peacock, Simon Lenton, Allison Matthews, Caroline Salom, Paul Dietze, Kerryn Butler, Lucinda Burns, Monica J Barratt
BACKGROUND: Examine the motivations for new psychoactive substance (NPS) use amongst a sample of regular psychostimulant users (RPU) in Australia, and determine whether motivations differ across substances. METHOD: Data were obtained from 419 RPU interviewed for the 2014 Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System who reported lifetime NPS use. Based on the most recent NPS used, motivations for use were rated on an 11-point scale (0 'no influence'-10 'maximum influence')...
February 2, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155573/oral-contraceptives-and-ms-disease-activity-in-a-contemporary-real-world-cohort
#17
Riley Bove, Kelsey Rankin, Alicia S Chua, Taylor Saraceno, Neda Sattarnezhad, Emily Greeke, Fiona Stuart, Allison LaRussa, Bonnie I Glanz, Tanuja Chitnis
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty regarding the effect of oral hormonal contraceptives (OC) on multiple sclerosis (MS) course. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hypothesis that OC use is associated with decreased risk of relapses in an observational study of women of childbearing age with new-onset MS starting a first-line injectable disease-modifying therapy (DMT). METHODS: From our CLIMB longitudinal observational study, we identified 162 women with MS or CIS with known OC use who initiated injectable DMT within two years of symptom onset, and categorized OC use at DMT onset as past, ever or never...
February 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133013/-assessment-of-endoscopic-resection-and-partial-duodenectomy-for-duodenal-mucosal-tumor
#18
Naoki Mimura, Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Daisuke Satoh, Hiroyuki Araki, Toshihiro Ogawa, Hitoshi Idani, Yasutomo Ojima, Masao Harano, Takashi Kanazawa, Yasuhiro Choda, Daisuke Sumitani, Michihiro Ishida, Soichiro Miyake, Masazumi Okajima, Motoki Ninomiya
INTRODUCTION: The risk of perforation following endoscopic resection is high. We analyzed the outcome of partial duodenectomy and discussed the therapeutic strategy for duodenal mucosal tumor(DMT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 19 cases who have undergone endoscopic resection, and 11 cases who have undergone partial duodenectomy for DMT in our institute since 2007. We divided them into the first period(ESD actively indicated)and late period(ESD carefully indicated according to the alteration of indication of ESD for DMT in 2013)groups...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078563/changes-in-first-line-injectable-disease-modifying-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-predictors-of-non-adherence-switching-discontinuation-and-interruption-of-drugs
#19
Luca Degli Esposti, Carlo Piccinni, Diego Sangiorgi, Valentina Perrone, Lucia Aledda, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Fabio Lombardo
This study was aimed to describe changes of Disease-Modifying Treatments (DMT) in an Italian cohort of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to identify predictors of therapeutic modifications. Patients with MS and treated with the first-line injectable DMT (interferons-IFNs or glatiramer) between 1/7/2009 and 31/10/2012 were selected from administrative databases of the MS Center of Cagliari (Sardinia, Italy). Socio-demographic, therapeutic, and clinical information was collected in the 6 months preceding the index date...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077493/disease-modifying-therapies-modulate-retinal-atrophy-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-retrospective-study
#20
Julia Button, Omar Al-Louzi, Andrew Lang, Pavan Bhargava, Scott D Newsome, Teresa Frohman, Laura J Balcer, Elliot M Frohman, Jerry Prince, Peter A Calabresi, Shiv Saidha
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively investigate whether disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) exert differential effects on rates of retinal atrophy in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), as assessed using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: A total of 402 patients with RRMS followed at the Johns Hopkins MS Center who underwent Cirrus-HD OCT were assessed for eligibility. Inclusion criteria included at least 1 year of OCT follow-up and adherence to a single DMT during the period of follow-up...
February 7, 2017: Neurology
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