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Alnd axillary

Yayoi Adachi, Masataka Sawaki, Masaya Hattori, Akiyo Yoshimura, Noami Gondo, Haruru Kotani, Madoka Iwase, Ayumi Kataoka, Sakura Onishi, Kayoko Sugino, Mitsuo Terada, Nanae Horisawa, Makiko Mori, Isao Oze, Hiroji Iwata
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested that ALND (axillary lymph node dissection) can be avoided in breast cancer patients with limited SLN (sentinel lymph node) metastasis. However, these trials included only several invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) cases, and the validity of omitting ALND for ILC remains controversial. Here, we examined whether omitting ALND is feasible in ILC treatment. METHODS: A total of 3771 breast cancer patients underwent surgery for breast cancer at the Aichi Cancer Center Hospital between January 2006 and December 2015...
March 13, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Jun Zhang, Tiemei Zhang, Nan Wu, Xinhua Zhao, Qingsong Wang, Yanyang Jiang, Ming Gao, Lin Gu
BACKGROUND: Intracystic papillary carcinoma (IPC) is a rare breast neoplasm. There are few studies focusing on its clinical features and limited data about its preoperative diagnosis,treatment and outcomes. The purpose of this study is to explore specific characteristics of patients with IPC, investigate its clinicopathological features, prognosis in China and confirm its surgery management. METHODS: We identified 111 patients with IPC from the registry of Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital between 2004 and 2017...
March 8, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
P Roy, A Leizorovicz, R Villet, C Mercier, J Y Bobin
PURPOSE: Sentinel-lymph-node (SLN) resection seems to minimize systematic axillary-lymph-node dissection (sALND) side effects in operated breast cancer patients. We explored whether SLN resection achieves similar therapeutic outcomes as sALND but with fewer side effects. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, open-label trial with parallel-group design compared sALND restricted to cases with positive SLN biopsy (test arm, n = 774) versus SLN biopsy followed by sALND (control arm, n = 770)...
March 10, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
M E M van der Noordaa, F H van Duijnhoven, M E Straver, E J Groen, M Stokkel, C E Loo, P H M Elkhuizen, N S Russell, M T F D Vrancken Peeters
BACKGROUND: Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is frequently performed for node-positive (cN+) breast cancer patients. Combining positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) before-NST and the MARI (marking axillary lymph nodes with radioactive iodine seeds) procedure after neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) has the potential for avoiding unnecessary ALNDs. This report presents the results from implementation of this strategy. METHODS: All breast cancer patients treated with NST at the Netherlands Cancer Institute who underwent a PET/CT and the MARI procedure from July 2014 to July 2017 were included in the study...
March 6, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Wojciech Zegarski, Konrad Pagacz, Maciej Nowacki, Alina Morawiec-Sztandera, Iwona Głowacka-Mrotek, Magdalena Sowa, Marta Biedka, Agnieszka Kołacińska
According to the current guidelines on treatment of breast cancer patients, identification of metastases in the sentinel lymph node (SLN (+)) is not an absolute indication for necessary axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). In our study, we present long-term outcomes of treatment among SLN(+) patients referred for conservative treatment, for example, no further ALND. A total of 3145 breast cancer patients subjected to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) between November 2008 and June 2015. SLN metastases were identified in 719 patients (22...
February 24, 2018: Breast Journal
Ingrid G M Poodt, Guusje Vugts, Robert-Jan Schipper, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen
BACKGROUND: During recent years, an increasing number of patients with ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) and previous axillary surgery have undergone repeat sentinel lymph node biopsy (rSLNB). The influence of axillary nodal status on prognosis for IBTR patients remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the technical success rate, follow-up assessment, and prognostic value of rSLNB for patients with IBTR. METHODS: A systematic search conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library up to July 2017 included all studies on rSLNB in IBTR...
February 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
M A Luna-Tomás, M Solà-Suárez, A Mariscal-Martínez, E Castellà-Fernández, S Martínez-Román, I Pascual-Miguel, V Quiroga-García, J F Julián-Ibáñez
OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to establish Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Predictive Value, Negative Predictive Value (NPV), and Accuracy Values of both imprint cytology (IC) and the OSNA assay for intraoperative assessment of axillary sentinel node (SN) cancer involvement in breast cancer. Specifically, we wished to find out if true positive and false negative results of IC were associated to axillary lymphadenectomy (ALND). Also, we addressed a comparative cost analysis between techniques...
February 15, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Fan Zhang, Jing Zhang, Qing-Xin Meng, Xin Zhang
This study aimed to explore the clinical usefulness of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (USG-FNAC) for the evaluation of axillary lymph nodes in patients with early stage breast cancer (BC) among the Chinese Han female population.Around 124 patients with early stage BC were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent USG-FNAC (group A). Patients with proven metastasis also underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) (group B). In addition, sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) was performed 2 to 5 hours prior to the surgery...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Li-Feng Dong, Shu-Ying Xu, Jing-Pei Long, Fang Wan, Yi-Ding Chen
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine how many sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) are appropriate for predicting non-SLN metastasis in breast cancer. Methods The association between clinicopathological features and non-SLN metastasis was retrospectively analyzed in 472 patients who underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) following SLN biopsy. Another 251 patients who underwent only SLN biopsy without ALND were analyzed and followed up for 2 years. Results A large tumor size, positive SLN, and HER-2 positivity were independent predictors of non-SLN metastasis...
February 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
S Lowes, A Leaver, K Cox, K Satchithananda, D Cosgrove, A Lim
The presence and extent of axillary nodal metastases at the time of breast cancer diagnosis is a critical factor in disease prognosis and plays a central role in deciding the best treatment for patients. Accurate assessment of the axilla is therefore an essential component in staging breast cancer. Over the years, axillary staging has evolved from surgical axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), with its numerous associated long-term complications, to the much less-radical surgical sentinel lymph node excision biopsy (SLNB), the current reference standard...
February 10, 2018: Clinical Radiology
Jerica Novak, Nikola Besic, Radan Dzodic, Barbara Gazic, Andrej Vogrin
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent changes in the treatment of the axilla in selected breast cancer patient, positive sentinel lymph node (SLN) in patients undergoing mastectomy still necessitates axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). In invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), pre-operative detection of the lymph node metastasis may be demanding due to its unique morphology. The aim of this study was to examine the benefit of preoperative axillary ultrasound (AUS), ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB), and intra-operative imprint cytology (IIC), in order to avoid two-stage axillary surgery in patients with ILC undergoing mastectomy...
February 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
Mandee Hahamoff, Nachi Gupta, Derly Munoz, Bernard T Lee, Pamela Clevenger, Christiana Shaw, Lisa Spiguel, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is one of the most significant survivorship issues in breast cancer management. Presently, there is no cure for BCRL. The single greatest risk factor for developing BCRL is an axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Lymphatic Microsurgical Preventative Healing Approach (LYMPHA) is a surgical procedure to reduce the risk of lymphedema in patients undergoing an ALND. We present our single institution results after offering LYMPHA in the context of an established lymphedema surveillance program...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Li Zou, Feng-Hua Liu, Pei-Pei Shen, Yan Hu, Xiao-Qian Liu, Ying-Ying Xu, Qi-Liang Pen, Bei Wang, Ya-Qun Zhu, Ye Tian
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence rate, severity and risk factors of related lymphedema in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A 2-year follow-up prospective study of 387 women who had operation from four hospitals from January 1, to December 31, 2014 was conducted. Limb volume was measured by circumference and symptoms were measured using questionnaires pre-treatment and 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 months after surgery separately. The incidence rates and the severity of lymphedema were evaluated, respectively...
February 3, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Tetsutaro Miyoshi, Masayuki Shiobara, Kazuo Wakatsuki, Syuka Arai, Kosuke Suda, Kotaro Miyazawa, Toshiaki Aida, Yoshihisa Takahashi, Shigeru Yoshioka
We report 4 patients with occult breast cancer(OBC)who underwent breast conserving therapy(BCT)after neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC). All patients complained of axillary tumor and were diagnosed by core needle biopsy. Pathological examination of the axillary lymph nodes proved that 3 cases were adenocarcinomas and 1 case was squamous cell carcinoma, but imaging studies could not depict any primary lesions in the breast and other organs. Since distant metastasis was not observed, BCT with axillary lymph node dissection(ALND)was performed after NAC...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Helen Ballal, Catherine Hunt, Chrianna Bharat, Kevin Murray, Roshi Kamyab, Christobel Saunders
BACKGROUND: Staging of axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer is important for prognostication and planning of adjuvant therapy. The traditional practice of proceeding to axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) if sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is positive is being challenged and clinical trials are underway. For many centres, this will mean a move away from intra-operative SLNB assessment and utilization of a second procedure to perform ALND. It is sometimes perceived that a delayed ALND results in increased tissue damage and thus increased morbidity...
February 2, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Ruixin Xu, Jianbin Li, Yingjie Zhang, Hongbiao Jing, Youzhe Zhu
RATIONALE: Occult breast cancer (OBC) is extremely rare in males with neither symptoms in the breast nor abnormalities upon imaging examination. PATIENT CONCERNS: This current case report presents a young male patient who was diagnosed with male OBC first manifesting as axillary lymph node metastasis. The physical and imaging examination showed no primary lesions in either breasts or in other organs. DIAGNOSES: The pathological results revealed infiltrating ductal carcinoma in the axillary lymph nodes...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yajing Huang, Hao Wu, Zhiyong Luo
The diagnosis and treatment for occult breast carcinoma (OBC) remain controversial because of no detectable primary lesions. We aimed to analyze optimal surgical management for OBC.A total of 26 female patients diagnosed with OBC, which were based on available criteria, were collected at a single clinic center from January 2005 to May 2016. We classified all patients into 4 groups: group A1, mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) + radiotherapy (RT); group A2, mastectomy with ALND; group B1, quadrantectomy with ALND + RT; group B2, quadrantectomy with ALND...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Iwona Głowacka-Mrotek, Magdalena Sowa, Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Zygmunt Siedlecki, Wojciech Hagner, Wojciech Zegarski
PURPOSE: Along with the improvement in the outcomes of breast cancer treatment being observed in the recent years, long-term studies to assess distant adverse effects of the treatment have become increasingly important. The objective of this study was to assess the foot posture in patients subjected to breast-conserving therapy. The assessment was made 5 years after the surgical procedure. METHODS: 116 female patients (mean age of 58.75 years) were qualified into a case-control study...
January 24, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Olga Kantor, Lynn McNulty Sipsy, Katharine Yao, Ted A James
BACKGROUND: Recent trials have suggested the feasibility of performing a sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). The selection of suitable patients for this approach remains controversial. We developed a predictive model to identify patients most likely to benefit from SNB following NAC. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was used to identify patients with clinically node positive (cN+) breast cancer undergoing NAC followed by breast surgery and axillary lymph node dissection (ALND)...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
S Puri, N Sharma, R G Newcombe, M Kaushik, M Al-Attar, S Pascaline, M Hajaj, M G Wallis, B Elsberger, A Goyal
AIM: To determine if the number of abnormal nodes seen on preoperative axillary ultrasound (AUS) is a predictor of the number of positive nodes at histology for women with needle-biopsy-proven positive nodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective multicentre cohort study included consecutive patients with early breast cancer who had needle-biopsy-proven positive nodes on AUS and underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) between October 2015 and July 2016...
January 15, 2018: Clinical Radiology
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