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Hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334906/renal-replacement-therapy-modalities-in-critically-ill-children
#1
Fernando Beltramo, Joseph DiCarlo, Joshua B Gruber, Thom Taylor, Balagangadhar R Totapally
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe the relative frequency of use of continuous renal replacement therapy, intermittent hemodialysis, and peritoneal dialysis and to analyze characteristics and outcomes of critically ill children receiving renal replacement therapies admitted to PICUs that participate in the Virtual PICU (VPS LLC, Los Angeles, CA) registry.. DESIGN: Retrospective, database analysis. SETTING: PICUs that participate in the Virtual PICU (VPS LLC) registry...
October 16, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315042/the-effect-of-automated-versus-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-on-mortality-risk-in-china
#2
Xuemei Li, Hong Xu, Nan Chen, Zhaohui Ni, Meng-Hua Chen, Limeng Chen, Jie Dong, Wei Fang, Yusheng Yu, Xiao Yang, Jiang-Hua Chen, Xue-Qing Yu, Qiang Yao, James A Sloand, Mark Marshall
BACKGROUND: There is an emerging practice pattern of automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) in China. We report on outcomes compared to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: Data were sourced from the Baxter Healthcare (China) Investment Co. Ltd Patient Support Program database, comprising an inception cohort commencing PD between 1 January 2005 and 13 August 2015. We used time-dependent cause-specific Cox proportional hazards and Fine-Gray competing risks (kidney transplantation, change to hemodialysis) models to estimate relative mortality risk between APD and CAPD...
October 12, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257998/transition-period-clinical-trajectories-for-pd-versus-hd-starters
#3
Dugan W Maddux, Len A Usvyat, Thomas Blanchard, Yue Jiao, Peter Kotanko, Frank M van der Sande, Jeroen P Kooman, Franklin W Maddux
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) starters generally have a better outcome compared with hemodialysis (HD) starters, perhaps related to treatment characteristics or case mix. We previously showed that pre- and post-dialysis start clinical parameter trajectories are related to outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate these trajectories in PD and HD starters. METHODS: This retrospective observational study analyzing data from the Fresenius Medical Care-chronic kidney disease (CKD) Registry from January 2009 to March 2018 examines trends in key clinical parameters through the transition period covering 12 months before to 12 months after dialysis start in 8,088 HD and 1,015 PD starters...
September 25, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223792/effects-of-pretransplant-peritoneal-vs-hemodialysis-modality-on-outcome-of-first-kidney-transplantation-from-donors-after-cardiac-death
#4
Xiajing Che, Xiaoqian Yang, Jiayi Yan, Yanhong Yuan, Qing Ma, Liang Ying, Minfang Zhang, Qin Wang, Ming Zhang, Zhaohui Ni, Shan Mou
BACKGROUND: The effect of pretransplant peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD) modality on outcomes of kidney transplantation (KT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is debatable. We evaluated the outcomes these modalities in KT from donor after cardiac death (DCD). METHODS: A cohort of 251 patients on HD, PD or pre-emptive who underwent first KT from DCD between January 2014 and December 2016 were prospectively analyzed to compare for outcomes on recovery of renal function, complications as well as patient and graft survival...
September 17, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30158748/continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-insertion-technique-a-comparative-study-of-percutaneous-versus-surgical-insertion
#5
P M Dogra, A K Hooda, G Shanmugraj, S K Pramanik
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is a standard renal replacement therapy, but there is a lack of consensus for catheter insertion method and type of catheter used. We retrospectively analyzed 140 peritoneal dialysis catheters (PDC) inserted in 139 CAPD patients by two methods; percutaneous (Group "P," n = 47) and surgical mini laparotomy (Group "S," n = 93) technique over a 39-month period, with cumulative experience of 2415 catheter-months: 745 catheter-months for Group "P" and 1670 catheter-months for Group "S...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148722/hemodialysis-versus-peritoneal-dialysis-in-resource-limited-settings
#6
Abdou Niang, Arpana Iyengar, Valerie A Luyckx
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the use, access to and outcomes of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in low-resource settings. RECENT FINDINGS: Hemodialysis tends to predominate because of costs and logistics, however services tend to be located in larger cities, often paid for out of pocket. Outcomes of dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury and end-stage kidney disease may be similar with hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, and therefore choice of therapy is dominated by availability, accessibility and patient or physician choice...
November 2018: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30065065/survival-and-kidney-transplant-incidence-on-home-versus-in-center-hemodialysis-following-peritoneal-dialysis-technique-failure
#7
Sheru K Kansal, Jose A Morfin, Eric D Weinhandl
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) technique failure is often accompanied by complications that increase risks of hospitalization and death. Planned transition to hemodialysis may improve outcomes. Transitioning patients from PD to home hemodialysis (HHD) may improve continuity of lifestyle and facilitate delivery of more frequent treatment. METHODS: We analyzed United States Renal Data System (USRDS) data to compare the incidence of death and kidney transplant in patients who transferred from PD to HHD and matched patients who transferred from PD to in-center HD (IHD)...
July 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928142/peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis-challenges-and-solutions
#8
REVIEW
William L Salzer
Peritoneal dialysis is an effective treatment modality for patients with end-stage renal disease. The relative use of peritoneal dialysis versus hemodialysis varies widely by country. Data from a 2004 survey reports the percentage of patients with end-stage renal disease treated with peritoneal dialysis to be 5%-10% in economically developed regions like the US and Western Europe to as much as 75% in Mexico. This disparity is probably related to the availability and access to hemodialysis, or in some cases patient preference for peritoneal over hemodialysis...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739123/erythropoietin-protects-erythrocytes-against-oxidative-stress-induced-eryptosis-in-vitro
#9
Yun Sun, Gang Liu, Yali Jiang, Hui Wang, Hecun Xiao, Guangju Guan
BACKGROUND: Excessive eryptosis has been found in maintained hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis patients. Signaling of triggering eryptosis includes oxidative stress, increased cytosolic Ca2+-activity, and ceramide. Erythropoietin (EPO) possesses the property of an antioxidant. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on erythrocytes in vitro, and to assess the possible effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on eryptosis. METHODS: One percent erythrocyte suspension was cultured in vitro in three kinds of media: Control group (Group C), H2O2 group (Group H), and EPO group (Group E)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709365/protein-losses-and-urea-nitrogen-underestimate-total-nitrogen-losses-in-peritoneal-dialysis-and-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Clara Salame, Simon Eaton, George Grimble, Andrew Davenport
OBJECTIVE: Muscle wasting is associated with increased mortality and is commonly reported in dialysis patients. Hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatments lead to protein losses in effluent dialysate. We wished to determine whether changes in current dialysis practice had increased therapy-associated nitrogen losses. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS: Measurement of total protein, urea and total nitrogen in effluent dialysate from 24-hour collections from PD patients, and during haemodiafiltration (HDF) and haemodialysis (HD) sessions...
September 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657206/comparison-of-intradermal-route-and-dose-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-administration-in-chronic-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#11
Rajesh Jhorawat, Paras Shah, Pankaj Beniwal, Dhananjay Agarwal, Sandeep Nijhawan, Vinay Malhotra
We aimed to study the seroconversion rate in two arms of intradermal (ID) route: low dose with high-frequency and high dose with low-frequency hepatitis B (HB) vaccination in dialysis patients. A total of 56 patients, on either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, were included. Patients were enrolled and randomized into two groups. The first group was immunized through the ID route and received weekly 10 μg of vaccine at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 weeks (low-dose with high frequency). The second group was immunized through the ID route and received two doses of 40 μg at one-month interval (high dose with low frequency)...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456216/the-cardiovascular-risk-factor-profiles-among-end-stage-renal-failure-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-and-intermittent-hemodialysis
#12
S A K Sharifah Zamiah, Che Rosle Draman, Mohd Ramli Seman, A Fariz Safhan, R Rozalina, N I Nik Ruzni
Cardiovascular (CV) event is the most common cause of death in dialysis patients. Both traditional and nontraditional CV risk factors related to malnutrition, inflammation, and anemia are commonly found in this population. This study was conducted to evaluate the burden factors of CV risk factors and its management in our regularly dialyzed patients. It was a single-center, cross-sectional analysis of prevalent intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients followed up in our hospital...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386303/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-open-versus-laparoscopic-placement-of-a-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-and-outcomes-the-capd-i-trial
#13
Jorinde H H van Laanen, Tom Cornelis, Barend M Mees, Elisabeth J Litjens, Magda M van Loon, Jan H M Tordoir, Arnoud G Peppelenbosch
OBJECTIVE: To determine the best operation technique, open versus laparoscopic, for insertion of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter with regard to clinical success. Clinical success was defined as an adequate function of the catheter 2 - 4 weeks after insertion. METHODS: All patients with end-stage renal disease who were suitable for PD and gave informed consent were randomized for either open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. A previous laparotomy was not considered an exclusion criterion...
March 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348924/mortality-and-hospitalizations-in-intensive-dialysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Anna Mathew, Jody-Ann McLeggon, Nirav Mehta, Samuel Leung, Valerie Barta, Thomas McGinn, Gihad Nesrallah
Background: Survival and hospitalization are critically important outcomes considered when choosing between intensive hemodialysis (HD), conventional HD, and peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, the comparative effectiveness of these modalities is unclear. Objective: We had the following aims: (1) to compare the association of mortality and hospitalization in patients undergoing intensive HD, compared with conventional HD or PD and (2) to appraise the methodological quality of the supporting evidence...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326842/barriers-to-peritoneal-dialysis-in-aboriginal-patients
#15
Anna T Mathew, Joonho Park, Mala Sachdeva, Manish M Sood, Karen Yeates
Background: Aboriginal people in Canada have an unduly high burden of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and many live in rural settings. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a home-based dialysis modality that may provide a valuable alternative to in-center hemodialysis which is relatively underutilized by the Aboriginal population. Objective: We aim to assess the barriers to PD utilization in Aboriginal patients with ESKD. Design: This article is a prospective observational cohort study...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217305/longitudinal-weight-change-during-ckd-progression-and-its-association-with-subsequent-mortality
#16
Elaine Ku, Joel D Kopple, Kirsten L Johansen, Charles E McCulloch, Alan S Go, Dawei Xie, Feng Lin, L Lee Hamm, Jiang He, John W Kusek, Sankar D Navaneethan, Ana C Ricardo, Hernan Rincon-Choles, Miroslaw Smogorzewski, Chi-Yuan Hsu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the changes in weight that may occur over time among adults with the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Whether such weight changes are independently associated with death after the onset of end-stage renal disease has also not been rigorously examined. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We studied 3,933 participants of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study, a longitudinal cohort of patients with CKD...
May 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201314/serum-albumin-level-as-an-indicator-of-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-dialysis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Mohammad Ebrahim Ghamar-Chehreh, Shahram Agah, Hossein Khedmat, Aghdas Aghaei, Seyed-Moayed Alavian
Background: Hepatitis B (HB) vaccination is a recommended procedure in all dialysis patients, but its efficacy has not been perfect. In the current study, we aimed to conduct a comprehensive review of the literature to find and pool data of the randomized trials evaluating the impact of serum albumin levels on the immunogenicity of HB vaccination in dialysis patients. Methods: Literature searches were conducted by the Medline and Google Scholar. The key words used included 'Hepatitis B', 'Vaccine', 'Dialysis', 'Hemodialysis', and 'Albumin'...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148022/hemodialysis-versus-peritoneal-dialysis-an-observational-study-in-two-international-centers
#18
Renhua Lu, Carla Estremadoyro, Xiaohuan Chen, Mingli Zhu, Leonardo C Ribeiro, Yucheng Yan, Alessandra Brendolan, Wei Fang, Carlo Crepaldi, Zhaohui Ni, Leyi Gu, Claudio Ronco
INTRODUCTION: Given that it is difficult to randomize end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients to either hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD), differences between these renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities are of major interest and remain controversial. METHODS: All data on maintenance dialysis patients during 2009 to 2013 in the Renji Hospital in Shanghai, China and in the San Bortolo Hospital in Vicenza, Italy were selected. Patients who changed their therapy from HD to PD or PD to HD during this study were excluded...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044930/effect-of-incident-nocturnal-home-hemodialysis-versus-incident-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-on-employment-rate-clinical-and-laboratory-outcomes-a-1-year-retrospective-observation-study
#19
John Wing Li, Joseph Ho Sing Wong, Wai Leung Chak, Ka Foon Chau
INTRODUCTION: While studies demonstrated favorable outcomes of nocturnal home hemodialysis (NHHD), direct comparison on employment rate, clinical and laboratory outcomes between the NHHD and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) had not been previously performed. METHODS: A 1-year retrospective observation study was performed in 20 incidents alternate night NHHD and 81 incident CAPD patients of Chinese ethnicity, who were sex, diabetic status, and Charlson comorbidity index matched, but not age due to our center's age limit for NHHD enrollment...
July 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992134/risk-of-new-onset-diabetes-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-undergoing-dialysis-analysis-from-registry-data-of-taiwan
#20
I-Kuan Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Hung-Chih Chen, Shih-Yi Lin, Chiz-Tzung Chang, Tzung-Hai Yen, Fung-Chang Sung
Background: This study compared the risk of developing new-onset diabetes between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We further investigated the effectiveness of icodextrin in reducing the risk of new-onset diabetes in PD patients. Methods: From the Taiwan health insurance database, 36 879 incident HD patients and 6382 incident PD patients from 2000 to 2010 were identified as study cohorts. We further selected an additional HD cohort matched by propensity scores (PSs) of PD patients...
August 10, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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