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Aortic aneurysm

Qun Huang, Han Yang, Qiuning Lin, Ming Hu, Yuanbiao Meng, Xiao Qin
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists on the effect of statin therapy on survival after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. The objective of this review was to systematically review the literature to investigate whether statin therapy is associated with improved outcomes after AAA repair. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library to find relevant randomized controlled trials and cohort studies. Outcomes of interest included long-term mortality and short-term mortality and perioperative cardiac complications...
March 21, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Hala S Hamza, Wessam A Raouf, Asmaa Z Zaher, Hala M Agha
Background: Echocardiographic features of acute Kawasaki disease (KD) have not been well characterized in Egyptian children. This study aimed to provide insight into the pattern of cardiac involvement in Egyptian children with Kawasaki disease, focusing on echocardiographic coronary abnormalities and their associated risk predictors. Methods and Results: Medical records of 64 KD patients from 2012 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed with recalculation of coronary artery z-scores during the first eight weeks after fever onset...
October 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
Z L Ma, J Yan, S J Li, Z D Hua, F X Yan, X Wang, Q Wang
Objective: To investigate the outcomes of coarctation resection and aortoplasty with autologous pulmonary artery patch for treating coarctation of the aorta combined with hypoplastic aortic arch in infants. Methods: Clinical data of 21 infants with coarctation of the aorta and hypoplastic aortic arch, who underwent coarctation resection and aortoplasty with autologous pulmonary artery patch in Fuwai hospital from January 2009 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The age of the patients was 4 (2, 5) months,and the body weight of the patients was (5...
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
W H Wu, L J Huang, J Z Pu, X Y Huang, X Pu, Y Ning, X Wang
Objective: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of transcatheter closure of anastomotic leakage after aortic surgery using Amplatzer Vascular Plug Ⅲ (AVP Ⅲ). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in 5 patients with anastomotic leakage after aortic surgery, who underwent transcatheter closure in our hospital from January to June 2017 using AVP Ⅲ. Surgeries were performed in 3 cases of Standford type A dissection, 1 case of ascending aortic aneurysm and 1 case of persistent truncus.There were 3 males,and age was (43...
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Yu V Chervyakov, I N Staroverov, A V Borisov, S Yu Smurov
AIM: To present own 10-year experience of abdominal aortic and great vessels aneurysms management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 369 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) for the period 1995-2016 at the Yaroslavl Regional Clinical Hospital. 25% of patients suffered from abdominal aortic and great vessels aneurysms. Mean age was 70.3±7.5. There were 79 (86%) men and 13 (14%) women. 93 patients had 212 aneurysms of other sites besides AAA (from 1 to 6 aneurysms in each case)...
2018: Khirurgiia
R Spitaels, W Jacob, F Janssens, P Schurmans, L Vanmoerkerke, D Walgraeve, J L Coenegrachts
This is a case report of a patient with a thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) presenting with dysphagia and weight loss as primary symptoms. She was treated via thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The procedure was complicated with a secondary aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) for which open surgical repair of the esophageal defect was done. Long term (i.e. more than 30 days) antibiotics were given. The recovery was uneventful.
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Alicia Blackman, Wayne Mohammed
This case presents a woman in her early 20s who died after the sudden onset of chest pain. Five years earlier, she was investigated for a cardiac murmur during pregnancy and an echocardiogram revealed a 6.0×3.0 cm blood-filled sac compressing the left atrium and anterolateral aspect of the left ventricle with communication to the aortic root. She later had a CT scan of the chest with contrast, which showed aneurysmal dilatation of the left main coronary artery. She was placed on aspirin but defaulted from clinic 11 months post partum...
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Katsuhiro Hosoyama, Shohei Wakao, Yoshihiro Kushida, Fumitaka Ogura, Kay Maeda, Osamu Adachi, Shunsuke Kawamoto, Mari Dezawa, Yoshikatsu Saiki
OBJECTIVES: Aortic aneurysms result from the degradation of multiple components represented by endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, and elastic fibers. Cells that can replenish these components are desirable for cell-based therapy. Intravenously injected multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) cells, endogenous nontumorigenic pluripotent-like stem cells, reportedly integrate into the damaged site and repair the tissue through spontaneous differentiation into tissue-compatible cells...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Leonardo Elia, Paolo Kunderfranco, Pierluigi Carullo, Marco Vacchiano, Floriana Maria Farina, Ignacio Fernando Hall, Stefano Mantero, Cristina Panico, Roberto Papait, Gianluigi Condorelli, Manuela Quintavalle
Adult vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) possess the peculiar ability to de-differentiate in response to extracellular cues, such as vascular damage and inflammation. De-differentiated VSMCs are proliferative, migratory, and have decreased contractile capacity. VSMC dedifferentiation contributes not only to vascular repair, but also to cardiovascular pathologies, such as intimal hyperplasia/restenosis in coronary artery or peripheral vascular diseases and arterial aneurysm. We here demonstrate the role of ubiquitin-like, containing PHD and RING finger domains, 1 (UHRF1) as an epigenetic master regulator of VSMC plasticity...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Tudor Borza, Mary K Oerline, Ted A Skolarus, Edward C Norton, Justin B Dimick, Bruce L Jacobs, Lindsey A Herrel, Chad Ellimoottil, John M Hollingsworth, Andrew M Ryan, David C Miller, Vahakn B Shahinian, Brent K Hollenbeck
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Medicare Shared Savings Program accountable care organizations (ACOs) on hospital readmission after common surgical procedures. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Hospital readmissions following surgery lead to worse patient outcomes and wasteful spending. ACOs, and their associated hospitals, have strong incentives to reduce readmissions from 2 distinct Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services policies. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using a 20% national Medicare sample to identify beneficiaries undergoing 1 of 7 common surgical procedures-abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, colectomy, cystectomy, prostatectomy, lung resection, total knee arthroplasty, and total hip arthroplasty-between 2010 and 2014...
March 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Dimos Karangelis, Apostolos Roubelakis, Dimitris Mikroulis, Matthew Panagiotou
Aortic arch pathologies such as acute aortic dissection and aneurysmal disease represent surgical challenges. Various emerging techniques and surgical prostheses have expanded the therapeutic armamentarium over the last years with one principal objective; to simplify the operation and reduce the surgical time. Besides the classic elephant trunk which has been regarded as an evolutionary leap in the treatment of extensive thoracic disease, other novel surgical approaches such as the frozen elephant trunk, the thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and the hybrid open branched stent grafts have been introduced...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Ross Milner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Theodore Hart, Ross Milner
There are a variety of endografts currently available for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Aneurysms of increasing anatomic complexity are being repaired with devices that are either newly approved or redesigned relative to the initial published experience with infrarenal EVAR. This article describes the contemporary devices approved for infrarenal EVAR in the United States and includes an up-to-date compilation of the data addressing outcomes specific to each device.
March 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Clayton J Brinster, Ross Milner
Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has revolutionized the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), with consistently low reported perioperative morbidity and mortality. Universal applicability of EVAR to treat AAA is hindered by several specific anatomic constraints, however, and many patients cannot be treated with commercially available stent grafts within the device specific instructions for use. Treatment of these complex pararenal aneurysms is increasingly accomplished by extension of EVAR into the visceral segment of the abdominal aorta with branches or fenestrations that allow perfusion of the visceral and renal arteries...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Gerdine C I von Meijenfeldt, Tryfon Vainas, George A Mistiotis, Sarah L Gans, Clark J Zeebregts, Maarten J van der Laan
BACKGROUND: Colonic ischaemia (CI) is a devastating complication after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. The aim of this review was to evaluate the diagnostic test accuracy of routine endoscopy in diagnosing CI after treatment for elective and acute AAA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Pubmed and Embase database searches resulted in 1188 articles. Prospective studies describing routine post-operative colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy after elective or emergency AAA repair were included...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Alessandro Della Corte, Michele Di Mauro, Amalia Forte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Tara Talaie, Christopher Werter, Charles Drucker, Brittany O Aicher, Robert Crawford, Shahab Toursavadkohi
We report a case of a complex chronic type B aortic dissection treated by thoracic endovascular aortic repair and laser fenestration of the false septum to preserve flow to branch vessels originating from both the true and false lumen. Dissections complicated by thoracoabdominal aneurysmal degeneration with critical organs being perfused by branches arising from both true and false lumens are rare and leave limited options for repair. Despite advancements in endovascular techniques, fenestration remains one of the only means of preserving flow to both the true and false lumens and thus was necessary in the management of our patient...
April 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Achille Aouba, Solange Gonzalez Chiappe, Mireille Eb, Claire Delmas, Hubert de Boysson, Boris Bienvenu, Grégoire Rey, Alfred Mahr
Objectives: Comprehensive analyses of cause-specific death patterns in GCA are sparse. We studied the patterns and time trends in GCA-related mortality using a large death certificate database. Methods; We obtained multiple-cause-of-death data from the French national death certificate database for 1980-2011. GCA-associated deaths were defined as decedents ⩾55 years old with GCA listed as an underlying or non-underlying cause of death. Time trends of death rates were analysed and the mean age at death with GCA and in the general population ⩾55 years old were calculated...
March 14, 2018: Rheumatology
Metesh Nalin Acharya, Pouya Youssefi, Gopal Soppa, Oswaldo Valencia, Justin Nowell, Robin Kanagasabay, Mark Edsell, Robert Morgan, Maite Tome, Marjan Jahangiri
OBJECTIVES: Significant proportions of aortic dissections occur at aortic diameters <5.5 cm. By indexing aortic area to height and correlating with absolute aortic diameter, we sought to identify those aneurysm patients with aortic diameters <5.5 cm who do not meet current size thresholds for surgery, yet with corresponding abnormal indexed aortic areas (IAAs) >10 cm2/m, are at increased risk of aortic complications. METHODS: IAAs were calculated at 3 aortic locations in 187 aneurysm and 66 dissection patients operated on between 2010 and 2016 at our tertiary aortic centre...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Theodorus M van Bakel, Christopher J Arthurs, Joost A van Herwaarden, Frans L Moll, Kim A Eagle, Himanshu J Patel, Santi Trimarchi, C Alberto Figueroa
OBJECTIVES: Aortic arch repair remains a major surgical challenge. Multiple manufacturers are developing branched endografts for Zone 0 endovascular repair, extending the armamentarium for minimally invasive treatment of aortic arch pathologies. We hypothesize that the design of the Zone 0 endograft has a significant impact on the postoperative haemodynamic performance, particularly in the cervical arteries. The goal of our study was to compare the postoperative haemodynamic performance of different Zone 0 endograft designs...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
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