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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088884/dual-raltegravir-etravirine-combination-as-maintenance-regimen-in-virologically-suppressed-hiv-1-infected-patients
#1
Leonardo Calza, Eleonora Magistrelli, Vincenzo Colangeli, Roberto Manfredi, Marco Borderi, Nicolò Rossi, Matteo Conti, Rita Mancini, Pierluigi Viale
BACKGROUND: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)- and protease inhibitor (PI)-sparing antiretroviral regimens may be useful in selected HIV-infected patients with resistance or intolerance to these drug classes. METHODS: This was an observational prospective study of patients on suppressive antiretroviral therapy containing two NRTIs plus one ritonavir-boosted PI who switched to a dual regimen containing raltegravir plus etravirine. Patients were required not to have prior virological failure to raltegravir and to have efficacy of etravirine showed through the genotypic resistance assay in case of prior non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) virological failure...
January 15, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088261/parquetina-nigrescens-leaves-chemical-profile-and-influence-on-the-physical-and-biochemical-indices-of-sexual-activity-of-male-wistar-rats
#2
Omowumi Titilola Kayode, Musa Toyin Yakubu
OBJECTIVE: The leaves of Parquetina nigrescens have been claimed in folk medicine to be useful for managing sexual dysfunction, but there is inadequate scientific evidence for this claim. This investigation was conducted to assess the effects of aqueous leaf extract of Parquetina nigrescens (AEPN) in rats induced with sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Male rats were allocated into various groups after being induced into sexual dysfunction with paroxetine hydrochloride...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077497/bone-material-strength-index-as-measured-by-impact-microindentation-is-altered-in-patients-with-acromegaly
#3
Frank Malgo, Neveen Hamdy, Ton J Rabelink, H Kroon, Kim M J A Claessen, Alberto M Pereira, N R Biermasz, Natasha M Appelman-Dijkstra
OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a rare disease caused by excess growth hormone (GH) production by a pituitary adenoma. The skeletal complications of GH and IGF-1 excess include increased bone turnover, increased cortical bone mass and deteriorated microarchitecture of trabecular bone, associated with a high risk of vertebral fractures in the presence of relatively normal Bone Mineral Density (BMD). We aimed to evaluate tissue-level properties of bone using impact microindentation (IMI) in well-controlled patients with acromegaly aged ≥18 years compared to 44 controls from the outpatient clinic of the Centre for Bone Quality...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075122/acetylene-fuels-tce-reductive-dechlorination-by-defined-dehalococcoides-pelobacter-consortia
#4
Xinwei Mao, Ronald S Oremland, Tong Liu, Sara Gushgari, Abigail Amanda Landers, Shaun M Baesman, Lisa Alvarez-Cohen
Acetylene (C2H2) can be generated in contaminated groundwater sites as a consequence of chemical degradation of trichloroethene (TCE) by in situ minerals, and C2H2 is known to inhibit bacterial dechlorination. In this study, we show that while high C2H2 (1.3 mM) concentrations reversibly inhibit reductive dechlorination of TCE by Dehalococcoides mccartyi isolates as well as enrichment cultures containing D. mccartyi sp., low C2H2 (0.4 mM) concentrations do not inhibit growth or metabolism of D. mccartyi. Co-cultures of Pelobacter SFB93, a C2H2-fermenting bacterium, with D...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071822/responses-to-treatment-with-teriparatide-in-patients-with-atypical-femur-fractures-previously-treated-with-bisphosphonates
#5
Nelson B Watts, Deborah Aggers, Edward F McCarthy, Tina Savage, Stephanie Martinez, Rachel Patterson, Erin Carrithers, Paul D Miller
If over-suppression of bone turnover explained the association between bisphosphonate use and atypical subtrochanteric femur fractures (AFF), this could be reversed with anabolic treatment such as teriparatide. We conducted a prospective, open label study in patients previously treated with bisphosphonates who sustained AFF, examining the response to 24 months treatment with teriparatide on bone mineral density (BMD), trabecular bone score (TBS), bone turnover markers (BTM) and fracture healing as well as quantitative histomorphometry...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069346/prevalence-and-severity-of-bone-loss-in-burned-patients
#6
Aria Partovi, Alireza Dabaghmanesh, Sharareh Roshanzamir
Often discovered late during the clinical course of burns, bone loss is widely accepted by clinicians as a de facto consequence of burn. Literature on this bone loss is limited and contradictory in details. More insight into the prevalence and magnitude of bone loss may facilitate its prevention. To this end, over a period of two years, we gathered a test group of 34 male patients with at least six-month-old thermal burns and a control group of 50 male members of similar age and geographical background as our test group...
January 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059788/silicic-acid-and-beer-consumption-reverses-the-metal-imbalance-and%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-prooxidant-status-induced-by%C3%A2-aluminum-nitrate-in-mouse-brain
#7
María José González-Muñoz, Alba Garcimartán, Isabel Meseguer, Carmen José Mateos-Vega, José María Orellana, Antonio Peña-Fernández, Juana Benedí, Francisco J Sánchez-Muniz
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that by affecting mineral balance, aluminum (Al) may enhance some events associated with neurodegenerative diseases. AIM: To examine the effect of Al(NO3)3 exposure on brain Al, cooper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), silicon (Si), and zinc (Zn) levels, and the metal-change implication in brain oxidant and inflammatory status. METHODS: Four groups of six-week-old male NMRI mice were treated for three months: i) controls, administrated with deionized water; ii) Al, which received Al(NO3)3; iii) Al+silicic acid, which were given Al(NO3)3 plus silicic acid; and iv) Al+beer, which received Al(NO3)3 plus beer...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041686/evaluation-of-a-commercially-available-hyaluronic-acid-hydrogel-restylane-as-injectable-scaffold-for-dental-pulp-regeneration-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-evaluation
#8
Vanessa Chrepa, Obadah Austah, Anibal Diogenes
INTRODUCTION: Regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) are viable alternatives for treating immature teeth, yet these procedures do not predictably lead to pulp-dentin regeneration. A true bioengineering approach for dental pulp regeneration requires the incorporation of a scaffold conducive with the regeneration of the pulp-dentin complex. Several materials have been proposed as scaffolds for REPs; nonetheless, the majority are not eligible for immediate clinical chairside use. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate Restylane, a Food and Drug Administration-approved hyaluronic acid-based gel, as possible scaffold for REPs...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027822/semaphorin-4d-enhances-angiogenic-potential-and-suppresses-osteo-odontogenic-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#9
Ting Zou, Waruna Lakmal Dissanayaka, Shan Jiang, Shuai Wang, Boon Chin Heng, Xiaojing Huang, Chengfei Zhang
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the roles of semaphorin 4D (Sema4D)/plexin-B1 signaling on the angiogenic potential and osteo-/odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and to uncover the corresponding molecular mechanisms. METHODS: DPSCs were treated with Sema4D (10 μg/mL) for different time durations. Osteo-/odontogenic differentiation was assessed by quantifying alkaline phosphatase activity, mineralized nodule formation, and osteo-/odontogenic gene (ALP, Col1A1, BSP, RUNX2, and DSPP) and protein (Col1A1 and DSPP) expression...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024413/ferulic-acid-induces-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-rat-osteoblasts-in-vitro-through-cgmp-pkgii-enac-signaling
#10
Jian-Lin Gao, Jun Chen, Guo-Zhu Yang, Li Lu, Xing-Yan Lu, Huan-Huan Jia, Xiao-Dong Jin, Hao Zhang, Qing-Nan Li
Ferulic acid (FA) is an active component of the traditional Chinese herb Angelica sinensis. Numerous health benefits have been attributed to FA, but few studies have investigated the effects of FA on osteoblasts (Obs). Our work studied the effects of FA on proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization of rat calvarial Obs and examined the signaling pathways involved. Cell proliferation and differentiation were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay kit, respectively...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008954/sodium-selenate-regulates-the-brain-ionome-in-a-transgenic-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Lin Zheng, Hua-Zhang Zhu, Bing-Tao Wang, Qiong-Hui Zhao, Xiu-Bo Du, Yi Zheng, Liang Jiang, Jia-Zuan Ni, Yan Zhang, Qiong Liu
Many studies have shown that imbalance of mineral metabolism may play an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression. It was recently reported that selenium could reverse memory deficits in AD mouse model. We carried out multi-time-point ionome analysis to investigate the interactions among 15 elements in the brain by using a triple-transgenic mouse model of AD with/without high-dose sodium selenate supplementation. Except selenium, the majority of significantly changed elements showed a reduced level after 6-month selenate supplementation, especially iron whose levels were completely reversed to normal state at almost all examined time points...
December 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000476/neuroprotective-effect-of-sapucaia-nuts-lecythis-pisonis-on-rats-fed-with-high-fat-diet
#12
Marcos Vidal Martins, Izabela Maria Montezano de Carvalho, Mônica Maria Magalhães Caetano, Renata Celi Lopes Toledo, Antônio Avelar Xavier, José Humberto De Queiroz
BACKGROUND: Lecythis pisonis Cambess is commonly known as "castanha de sapucaia" in Brazil. Chemical composition studies revealed that this nut is an excellent source of anti-oxidant minerals and of essential lipids. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to assess the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect of Lecythis pisonis Cambess on the brain tissue of Wistar rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The animals were divided in four experimental groups (n = 6), total of forty-eight rats...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993469/stabilization-and-prolonged-reactivity-of-aqueous-phase-ozone-with-cyclodextrin
#13
Adam Dettmer, Raymond Ball, Thomas B Boving, Naima A Khan, Tanner Schaub, Nilusha Sudasinghe, Carlos A Fernandez, Kenneth C Carroll
Recalcitrant organic groundwater contaminants, such as 1,4-dioxane, may require strong oxidants for complete mineralization. However, their efficacy for in-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) is limited by oxidant decay and reactivity. Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) was examined for its ability to stabilize aqueous-phase ozone (O3) and prolong oxidation potential through inclusion complex formation. Partial transformation of HPβCD by O3 was observed. However, HPβCD proved to be sufficiently recalcitrant, because it was only partially degraded in the presence of O3...
January 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989705/histochemical-observation-of-bony-reversal-lines-in-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#14
Soung Min Kim, Mi Young Eo, Yeon Sook Kim, Suk Keun Lee
OBJECTIVE: To contrast the pattern of bony reversal linesin bisphosphonate osteonecrosis of the jaw with infected osteomyelitis derived acute osteonecrosis of the jaw. STUDY DESIGN: This study investigated the histochemical characteristics of reversal lines in 50 cases of BP-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) compared with non-BP-involved bones in 20 cases of chronic osteomyelitis of the jaws. Necrotic bones were stained by using the toluidine blue, Safranin O, Giemsa, van Gieson, and Masson's trichrome staining methods...
October 13, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965940/coronary-calcification-is-reversely-related-with-bone-and-hair-calcium-the-relationship-among-different-calcium-pools-in-body
#15
Sang-Hoon Lee, Soo-Jung Park, Kyu-Nam Kim, Doo-Yeoun Cho, Young-Sang Kim, Bom-Taeck Kim
BACKGROUND: With aging, calcium efflux from bone is increased with age-related bone loss, and it can reduce bone mineral density (BMD). On the contrary, age-related calcium adoption into arterial wall progressively stiffens blood vessels. Theses process insinuates shift of calcium among different pools in body. However, their relationships have not been elucidated yet. So we investigated the correlation among calcium contents in different body pools, such as hair, bone, and blood vessels in women...
November 2016: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939134/persistence-of-vascular-calcification-after-reversal-of-uremia
#16
Koba A Lomashvili, Kelly E Manning, M Neale Weitzmann, Valentin Nelea, Marc D McKee, W Charles O'Neill
The extent to which vascular calcification is reversible and the possible mechanisms are unclear. To address this, calcified aortas from uremic mice were transplanted orthotopically into normal mice, and the calcium content, histology, and minerals of the allografts were compared with the nontransplanted donor aorta. Calcium content decreased immediately after transplantation but remained constant thereafter, with 68% ± 12% remaining after 34 weeks. X-ray diffraction showed the presence of apatite in both donor aortas and allografts...
December 8, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934078/multiscale-hyperporous-silicon-flake-anodes-for-high-initial-coulombic-efficiency-and-cycle-stability
#17
Jaegeon Ryu, Dongki Hong, Myoungsoo Shin, Soojin Park
Three-dimensional (3D) hyperporous silicon flakes (HPSFs) are prepared via the chemical reduction of natural clay minerals bearing metal oxides. Natural clays generally have 2D flake-like structures with broad size distributions in the lateral dimension and varied thicknesses depending on the first processing condition from nature. They have repeating layers of silicate and metal oxides in various ratios. When the clay mineral is subjected to a reduction reaction, metal oxide layers can perform a negative catalyst for absorbing large amounts of exothermic heat from the reduction reaction of the silicate layers with metal reductant...
November 22, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930536/the-effect-of-sequential-therapy-for-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Shenghan Lou, Houchen Lv, Guoqi Wang, Zhirui Li, Ming Li, Licheng Zhang, Peifu Tang
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis, more likely to occur in postmenopausal women, is a chronic condition that usually requires a long-term treatment strategy, but the use of either antiresorptive or anabolic drugs should be limited to 18 to 24 months. Discontinuing antiosteoporosis drugs may result in rapidly declining bone mineral density (BMD). Therefore, many patients are treated with the sequential use of 2 or more drugs. However, whether switching treatment from anabolic to antiresorptive drugs or the reverse could maintain or further increase BMD; and whether the sequential therapy could outperform the monotherapy under the same treatment duration still remains unclear...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921146/bone-loss-at-the-distal-femur-and-proximal-tibia-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-imaging-approaches-risk-of-fracture-and-potential-treatment-options
#19
REVIEW
C M Cirnigliaro, M J Myslinski, M F La Fountaine, S C Kirshblum, G F Forrest, W A Bauman
Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) undergo immediate unloading of the skeleton and, as a result, have severe bone loss below the level of lesion associated with increased risk of long-bone fractures. The pattern of bone loss in individuals with SCI differs from other forms of secondary osteoporosis because the skeleton above the level of lesion remains unaffected, while marked bone loss occurs in the regions of neurological impairment. Striking demineralization of the trabecular epiphyses of the distal femur (supracondylar) and proximal tibia occurs, with the knee region being highly vulnerable to fracture because many accidents occur while sitting in a wheelchair, making the knee region the first point of contact to any applied force...
December 5, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920129/chronic-inhibition-of-renal-outer-medullary-potassium-channel-not-only-prevented-but-also-reversed-development-of-hypertension-and-end-organ-damage-in-dahl-salt-sensitive-rats
#20
Xiaoyan Zhou, Michael J Forrest, Wanda Sharif-Rodriguez, Gail Forrest, Daphne Szeto, Olga Urosevic-Price, Yonghua Zhu, Andra S Stevenson, Yuchen Zhou, Sloan Stribling, Maya Dajee, Shawn P Walsh, Alexander Pasternak, Kathleen A Sullivan
The renal outer medullary potassium (ROMK) channel mediates potassium recycling and facilitates sodium reabsorption through the Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter in the loop of Henle and potassium secretion at the cortical collecting duct. Evidence from the phenotype of humans and rodents with functional ROMK deficiency supports the contention that selective ROMK inhibitors (ROMKi) will represent a novel diuretic with potential of therapeutic benefit for hypertension. ROMKi have recently been synthesized by Merck & Co, Inc...
December 5, 2016: Hypertension
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