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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087825/incidence-and-predictors-of-epilepsy-after-pediatric-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#1
Lori L Billinghurst, Lauren A Beslow, Nicholas S Abend, Michael Uohara, Laura Jastrzab, Daniel J Licht, Rebecca N Ichord
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cumulative incidence and clinical predictors of remote symptomatic seizures and epilepsy after pediatric arterial ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 218 participants with neonatal AIS (NAIS), presumed perinatal AIS (PPAIS), and childhood AIS (CAIS) from a single-center prospective consecutive cohort enrolled from 2006 to 2014. Medical records were reviewed for timing, semiology, and treatment of acute symptomatic seizures, remote symptomatic seizures (RSS), and epilepsy...
January 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087683/percutaneous-patent-ductus-arteriosus-pda-closure-during-infancy-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Carl H Backes, Brian K Rivera, Jeffrey A Bridge, Aimee K Armstrong, Brian A Boe, Darren P Berman, Tyler Fick, Ralf J Holzer, Ziyad M Hijazi, Sylvia Abadir, Henri Justino, Lisa Bergersen, Charles V Smith, Haresh Kirpalani
CONTEXT: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a precursor to morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous (catheter-based) closure is the procedure of choice for adults and older children with a PDA, but use during infancy (<1 year) is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the technical success and safety of percutaneous PDA closure during infancy. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, and Ovid (Medline) were searched through December 2015 with no language restrictions...
January 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087587/association-between-dietary-intake-and-school-valued-outcomes-a-scoping-review
#3
H S K Chan, C Knight, M Nicholson
Approximately one in four Australian children aged 5-17 years are overweight or obese. Most of the health effects of overweight and obesity in childhood do not eventuate until into adulthood; therefore, motivation for children to have a healthy diet may be low. This scoping review examined the literature for associations between diet quality in 5-18 year olds and 'school-valued' outcomes including student attendance, academic performance, behaviour at school and mental health. A literature search for studies that assessed dietary intake and at least one 'school-valued' outcome in schoolchildren, in highly developed countries was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087553/prevalence-of-obesity-and-overweight-in-african-learners-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Theodosia Adom, Thandi Puoane, Anniza De Villiers, André Pascal Kengne
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and overweight are an emerging problem in Africa. Obese children are at increased risk of developing hypertension, high cholesterol, orthopaedic problems and type 2 diabetes as well as increased risk of adult obesity. Prevention of childhood overweight and obesity therefore needs high priority. The review approach is particularly useful in establishing whether research findings are consistent and can be generalised across populations and settings. This systematic review aims to assess the magnitude and distribution of overweight and obesity among primary school learners within populations in Africa...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087544/children-s-experiences-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography-of-qualitative-studies
#5
Roxanne M Parslow, Sarah Harris, Jessica Broughton, Adla Alattas, Esther Crawley, Kirstie Haywood, Alison Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To synthesis the qualitative studies of children's experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-ethnography. BACKGROUND: CFS/ME is an important disabling illness, with uncertain cause and prognosis. As a result, children with CFS/ME can find themselves living with greater uncertainty and stigma, exacerbating the impact of the condition. There is a growing body of qualitative research in CFS/ME, yet there has been no attempt to systematically synthesis the studies involving children...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087345/steroid-induced-glaucoma-in-the-pediatric-population
#6
REVIEW
Brenda Nuyen, Robert N Weinreb, Shira L Robbins
Steroid medications may cause elevation of intraocular pressure, sometimes with permanent damage to the optic nerve. These therapies, via various routes of administration, are commonly prescribed for children, but the potential sequelae of elevated intraocular pressure and glaucomatous optic nerve damage can be even more severe and devastating in children than in adults. This review discusses the pathophysiology and potential risk factors, including the impact of intraocular pressure elevation via the different common routes of administration of steroids, clinical evaluation, and management of steroid response and steroid-induced glaucoma in children...
January 10, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087230/the-impact-of-obesity-on-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-and-renal-scarring-in-children-with-vesicoureteral-reflux
#7
H J Byun, J Y Ha, W Jung, B H Kim, C H Park, C I Kim
INTRODUCTION: It has become clear that obesity is associated with a variety of infectious diseases, including urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal scarring. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between obesity and the degree of febrile UTI (fUTI) and renal scarring in children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), and to stratify the results into obesity subcategories. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 186 patients were diagnosed with VUR between January 2002 and December 2008...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086944/prenatal-treatment-for-opioid-dependency-observations-from-a-large-inner-city-clinic
#8
Kelley Saia, Sarah M Bagley, Elisha M Wachman, Payal P Patel, Marisa D Nadas, Susan B Brogly
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to review changes in the prevalence of opioid use disorder in pregnancy, and to describe the prenatal care and neonatal outcomes following the implementation of buprenorphine treatment at a large US obstetrical clinic during the on-going opioid epidemic. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 310 women (332 pregnancies) with opioid use disorders and their neonates delivered between June 2006 and December 2010 at an obstetrical clinic in the US...
January 13, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086848/using-intervention-mapping-to-develop-the-parents-as-agents-of-change-pac-%C3%A2-intervention-for-managing-pediatric-obesity
#9
Geoff D C Ball, Aislin R Mushquash, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity has become increasingly prevalent over recent decades. In view of the psychosocial and physical health risks, and the high likelihood that children with obesity will grow to become adults with obesity, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions that can be delivered in the health care system to optimize the health and well-being of children with obesity and their families. The aim of this paper is to describe the development, implementation, and planned evaluation of a parent-based weight management intervention designed for parents of 8-12 year olds with obesity...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086819/efficacy-safety-and-effectiveness-of-licensed-rotavirus-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#10
Raúl F Velázquez, Alexandre C Linhares, Sergio Muñoz, Pamela Seron, Pedro Lorca, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Eduardo Ortega-Barria
BACKGROUND: RotaTeq™ (RV5; Merck & Co. Inc., USA) and Rotarix™ (RV1, GlaxoSmithKline, Belgium) vaccines, developed to prevent rotavirus diarrhea in children under five years old, were both introduced into national immunization programs in 2006. As many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have included either RV5 or RV1 in their routine childhood vaccination programs, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze efficacy, safety and effectiveness data from the region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081328/cytomegalovirus-hepatitis-in-49-pediatric-patients-with-normal-immunity
#11
Hasan Tezer, Saliha Kanık Yüksek, Belgin Gülhan, Aslı Nur Özkaya Parlakay, Ceyda Tuna Kırsaçlıoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) hepatitis is generally asymptomatic or rarely can lead to severe complications in immunocompetent hosts. This study aims to evaluate CMV hepatitis in immunocompetent young children, which is discussed relatively rarely in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 49 pediatric patients with CMV hepatitis from January 2005 to December 2010 was performed. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 5...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079914/intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-pediatric-rheumatology-when-to-use-it-and-what-is-the-evidence
#12
Martha M Rodriguez, Linda Wagner-Weiner
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is given to children with a variety of rheumatologic illnesses. The mechanism of action by which it exerts therapeutic effects is not well understood and likely differs in the medical conditions for which it is given. IVIG is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and is the standard of care for Kawasaki disease, but most IVIG use in pediatric rheumatology is "off-label. " The literature supports the use of IVIG for juvenile dermatomyositis, although it is unclear whether its use should be limited to those children with more severe or refractory disease...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079824/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors-of-the-pancreas-in-children-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Hsien-Kuan Liu, Yung-Cheng Lin, Ming-Lun Yeh, Yaw-Sen Chen, Yu-Tsun Su, Ching-Chung Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are an uncommon neoplasm, which are very rarely located in the pancreas. Clinically and radiologically, this rare pancreatic tumor presents as an abdominal mass lesion that mimics other pancreatic tumors, and should therefore be considered in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic tumors. CLINICAL FINDINGS AND DIAGNOSIS: The 15-year-old boy complained of abdominal pain over the left upper quadrant with intermittent fever for 7 days...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079820/hepatoblastoma-in-an-11-year-old-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Irina B Pateva, Rachel A Egler, Duncan S Stearns
RATIONALE: Hepatoblastoma is a rare malignancy. Approximately 100 cases are diagnosed yearly in the United States. The highest incidence occurs in infants and in children younger than 5 years. Cases involving patients older than 5 years are very rare. We describe the case of a patient who was diagnosed with hepatoblastoma at an atypical age of presentation for this type of malignancy. We also performed Ovid MEDLINE search for hepatoblastoma and epidemiology reports occurring in children between the ages of 5 and 18 years...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079741/management-of-pediatric-open-tibia-fractures-with-supracutaneous-locked-plates
#15
Veerappa N Radhakrishna, Vrisha Madhuri
We evaluated the novel application of supracutaneous locked plates in pediatric open tibia fractures. Pediatric open tibia fractures stabilized with a locked supracutaneous plate from January 2011 to December 2014 were reviewed. Twenty-eight children, mean age 8.9 years, with 29 open tibia fractures were included. Nine of these children who had metaphyseal or metadiaphyseal fractures did not require joint spanning. The mean follow-up duration was 13.5 months. The mean time to uneventful union was 11.46 weeks, with no unacceptable malunion...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079698/pediatric-hand-surgery-in-global-health-the-role-for-international-outreach
#16
Karen Y Chung, Amanda Hanemaayer, Dan Poenaru
PURPOSE: There is emerging interest in hand surgery and global health. This was emphasized at the 2015 presidential address at the American Society for Surgery of Hand. Children are prioritized because of their increased risk for trauma and higher potential for better outcomes. This study aims to identify how hand surgical volunteer programs can benefit the pediatric hand surgical landscape in global health. There has been no literature review to date. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved review systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, African Journal Online, and the Journal of Hand Surgery...
February 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079679/influence-of-behavior-on-complications-of-osseointegrated-bone-conduction-devices-in-children
#17
Michael E Kubala, Matthew D Cox, Kurt L Nelson, Gresham T Richter, John L Dornhoffer
OBJECTIVE: Compare incidences of complications following implantation of osseointegrated bone conduction devices (OBCD) between children with and without behavioral disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center otology and neurotology practice. PATIENTS: Pediatric patients who underwent implantation of OBCD between May 2009 and July 2014 at Arkansas Children's Hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Implantation with Cochlear BAHA 200 series, Cochlear BAHA BI300, or Oticon OBCD...
January 10, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079601/infliximab-optimization-based-on-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-pediatric-ibd
#18
Tatyana Hofmekler, Madeline Bertha, Courtney McCracken, Benadette Martineau, Elizabeth McKinnon, Bess T Schoen, Barbara O McElhanon, Gayathri Tenjarla, Subra Kugathasan, Cary Sauer
BACKGROUND: Infliximab (IFX) is an effective treatment for the management of moderate to severe inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Low serum IFX levels are associated with the development of antibodies to IFX (ATI) which subsequently associated with clinical relapse and increased morbidity. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between dose and interval to IFX level. Secondary goal is to evaluate the relationship between IFX level and ATI in a pediatric IBD population...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079584/the-development-and-implementation-of-cognitive-aids-for-critical-events-in-pediatric-anesthesia-the-society-for-pediatric-anesthesia-critical-events-checklists
#19
Anna Clebone, Barbara K Burian, Scott C Watkins, Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Eugenie S Heitmiller
Cognitive aids such as checklists are commonly used in modern operating rooms for routine processes, and the use of such aids may be even more important during critical events. The Quality and Safety Committee of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) has developed a set of critical-event checklists and cognitive aids designed for 3 purposes: (1) as a repository of the latest evidence-based and expert opinion-based information to guide response and management of critical events, (2) as a source of just-in-time information during critical events, and (3) as a method to facilitate a shared understanding of required actions among team members during a critical event...
January 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079431/vagus-nerve-stimulation-in-intractable-epilepsy-associated-with-scn1a-gene-abnormalities
#20
Stephen P Fulton, Kate Van Poppel, Amy L McGregor, Basanagoud Mudigoudar, James W Wheless
Mutations in the SCN1A gene cause a spectrum of epilepsy syndromes. There are 2 syndromes that are on the severe end of this spectrum. The classic severe form, Dravet syndrome, is an epileptic encephalopathy of childhood, causing cognitive decline as well as intractable seizures. Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy of Infancy-Borderline (SMEIB) is a term used to include cases with similar severities as those with Dravet syndrome, but lacking a single feature of classic severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy. Vagus nerve stimulation is a nonpharmacologic treatment for intractable epilepsy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
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