Read by QxMD icon Read

Steroid stent

Trevor Kindle, Tanner Ferguson, Mitch Ibach, Michael Greenwood, Justin Schweitzer, Russell Swan, Ramu G Sudhagoni, John P Berdahl
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravitreal administration of a steroid and antibiotics during cataract surgery compared with the typical postoperative topical regimen in preventing postoperative inflammation, pain, cystoid macular edema (CME), and endophthalmitis. SETTING: Private practice, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The study group included eyes that had an intravitreal injection of triamcinolone-moxifloxacin-vancomycin at the time of cataract surgery with concomitant trabecular microbypass stent insertion...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Jianchun Xiao, Peiran Xu, Binglu Li, Tao Hong, Wei Liu, Xiaodong He, Chaoji Zheng, Yupei Zhao
Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is one of the common organ manifestations of IgG4-related systemic disease (ISD). IAC and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) may mimic sclerosing cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, or pancreatic carcinoma. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, biochemical, radiological, and histological findings.To study the clinical presentation of and treatment strategy for IAC, we reviewed clinical, serologic, and imaging characteristics, as well as treatment response, in 39 patients with IAC...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kensuke Kubota, Terumi Kamisawa, Kenji Hirano, Yoshiki Hirooka, Kazushige Uchida, Tsukasa Ikeura, Hideyuki Shiomi, Hirotaka Ohara, Kyoko Shimizu, Norikazu Arakura, Atsushi Kanno, Junichi Sakagami, Takao Itoi, Tetsuhide Ito, Toshiharu Ueki, Takayoshi Nishino, Kazuo Inui, Nobumasa Mizuno, Hitoshi Yoshida, Masanori Sugiyama, Eisuke Iwasaki, Atsushi Irisawa, Kazuichi Okazaki, Shigeyuki Kawa, Toru Shimosegawa, Yoshifumi Takeyama, Tsutomu Chiba
BACKGROUND: Sporadic autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) cases showing remission without steroid treatment have been reported, however, the clinical course of these patients has not been clarified. AIM: This study sought to clarify the clinical course in AIP patients with hesitation for steroid treatment. METHODS: We collected clinical data for AIP patients from high-volume centers in Japan. Data for AIP patients with and those without steroid treatment (steroid treatment vs...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Ricardo Manuel de Oliveira Soares, Alexander Paul Glaser, Jason Evan Cohen, Obianuju Okocha, Robert Brewster Nadler
Background: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a procedure typically performed under general anesthesia (GA); however, many patients might be considered unfit for GA and locoregional anesthesia is their only chance to have the procedure done. Case Presentation: A 60-year-old Middle-Eastern female with end-stage lung disease underwent evaluation for lung transplant; she was found to have severe restrictive pattern on steroid and continuous oxygen therapy, pulmonary hypertension with dilated right ventricle, chronic anemia, and asthma...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Mohammad Javed Ali
PURPOSE: The objective of this perspective is to present a separate disease description of "idiopathic canalicular inflammatory disease" and outline the diagnostic criteria and early experiences with its investigations and management. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 44 canaliculi of 22 eyes of 11 patients presenting at a tertiary care Dacryology service over a period of 2 years with typical clinical patterns of inflammatory canaliculitis and its outcomes were studied...
January 25, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Sarah Morrissey, Kong Teng Tan, John Stephen Byrne
A 48-year-old woman suffering from Takayasu arteritis presented with middle aortic syndrome consisting of abdominal pain, refractory hypertension with pulmonary edema and pleural effusions, and lower limb ischemia. She failed to improve with high-dose steroid therapy and underwent endovascular stenting of two severe stenoses in the supraceliac and infrarenal aorta. Her symptoms resolved and hypertension improved after the procedure.
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Andres Guerra, Melissa Kirkwood
We present the case of a patient who developed a full-body desquamating macular-papular, pruritic rash after endovascular placement of a popliteal artery nitinol stent for acute limb ischemia. The rash was resistant to high-dose steroid and immunosuppressive treatment and intensive topical treatment. Patch testing revealed nickel allergy. The stented arterial segment was removed, with significant improvement in his symptoms that allowed the cessation of prednisone and topical treatments. The epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical effect of nickel allergy are discussed in addition to the use of nickel-alloy stents...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Yvan Vandenplas
Esophageal strictures are seldom in children. In many countries, accidental ingestion of corrosives is a major cause of risk for stricture formation. Therefore, their management is a challenge. Safety and long-term efficacy of esophageal dilation for benign esophageal strictures has been confirmed in children. Because most children with structures are toddlers or younger, balloon dilatation is often preferred over bouginage. There is increasing evidence that short duration administration of high doses steroids may be of benefit in some specific situation (IIb esophagitis according to Zargar classification)...
December 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Nick Z P Ng, Tze Tec Chong
Introduction: While hypertension, pericardial, myocardial, and coronary artery disease are common cardiovascular manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), aortic aneurysms (AA) are rare but increasingly diagnosed, with the true incidence unknown. Case report: A 40 year old female suffering from SLE with a 5.3 cm saccular eccentric infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) was treated successfully with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the Medtronic Endurant II bifurcated stent graft and followed up 2 years post-operatively...
2017: EJVES Short Reports
Takaya Iyoki, Takeshi Maehana, Toshiaki Tanaka, Motohisa Yamamoto, Hiroki Takahashi, Naoya Masumori
About half of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis might be classified as a IgG4-related disease, a newly characterized disease that is especially known to be sensitive to steroid therapy. We developed a new protocol for diagnosis and treatment of retroperitoneal fibrosis, which included aggressive diagnosis of IgG4- related disease. We retrospectively reviewed 22 cases with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis that were diagnosed and treated according to our protocol. Of them, 10 patients (45.5%) had no evidence of IgG4- related disease (non-IgG4RD group), whereas 12 patients (54...
November 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Ali Kamran, Charles J Smithers, Michael A Manfredi, Thomas E Hamilton, Peter D Ngo, David Zurakowski, Russell W Jennings
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic stricture is a common complication after esophageal atresia (EA) repair. Patients with a recalcitrant stricture may require surgical intervention. The technique of reanastomosis after stricture resection can affect patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with EA who underwent anastomotic stricture resection, from July 2010 to February 2017, were reviewed. After stricture resection, patients who had slide esophagoplasty performed were compared with those having conventional end-to-end anastomosis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Shohei Ouchi, Kazunori Shimada, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Shuhei Takahashi, Yurina Sugita, Megumi Shimizu, Azusa Murata, Tomoyasu Kadoguchi, Takao Kato, Tatsuro Aikawa, Shoko Suda, Eiryu Sai, Masaru Hiki, Hiroshi Iwata, Takatoshi Kasai, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. High hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, which indicate poor glycemic control, have been associated with occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. There are few parameters which can predict cardiovascular risk in patients with well-controlled diabetes. Low 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels are considered a clinical marker of postprandial hyperglycemia. We hypothesized that low 1,5-AG levels could predict long-term mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with relatively low HbA1c levels...
November 21, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Pallavi Olivia Pal, Richard Daron Smith, Sian Allen, Marzena Ratynska, Simon Edwards, Philip Gothard, Sarah Logan
Background: Schistosomiasis is rare in western countries, but remains a potentially serious disease. It is known to result in severe urogenital complications; prompt diagnosis can therefore significantly affect outcomes. Case Presentation: We report the case of a 41-year-old male with pleuritic chest pain and visible hematuria who had emigrated from Zimbabwe to the United Kingdom 20 years previously. CT imaging revealed a hydronephrotic right pelvicaliceal system, with a dilated ureter to its distal portion...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Alex Gu, Nancy M Bauman
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue occlusion of the external auditory canal (EAC) can cause intense pruritis, recurrent foul smelling otorrhea, recurrent otitis externa, and conductive hearing loss. Occlusion of the EAC can be challenging to treat as the area is prone to circumferential scarring. METHODS: We describe the novel use of serial bipolar radiofrequency ablation (coblation) to treat 3 children with complete EAC occlusion from congenital and acquired conditions including lymphedema (1), microcystic lymphatic malformation (1), and venolymphatic malformation (1)...
December 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Diab Ghanim, Erez Kachel, Jacob Lavie, Shemy Carasso, Amjad Shalabi, Fabio Kuzniec, Ehud Raanani, Nabih Salman, Offer Amir, Wadi Kinany
INTRODUCTION: We present a very unusual case in which a high-school student was admitted to our cardiac center unconscious and intubated after suffering from out of hospital SCD. There was no history of fever, substance abuse, family history of sudden cardiac death and/or coronary artery disease, arthralgia, hypercoagulable state or familial hyperlipidemia. An emergent coronary angiogram revealed diffuse obstructive coronary artery disease which was treated with several stents. The following days of his admission were characterized by hemodynamic instability, necessitating temporary support via extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), from which he was weaned off at a later stage...
October 2017: Harefuah
Aykut A Unsal, Naomi Gregory, Kenneth Rosenstein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The care of rhinologic patients has undergone a remarkable transformation in recent years. With the advent of endoscopic sinus surgery and high-tech image-guided computer systems, the surgical care of patients with benign sinonasal disease has successfully transitioned from the main hospital operating room to the outpatient ambulatory surgical center. Currently, there is yet another movement underway, in an attempt to care for these patients in the office setting. RECENT FINDINGS: As the medical device sector continues to innovate at rapid speed, new technologies such as the radiofrequency ablator, microdebrider, balloon sinus dilator, and steroid-eluting stent have propelled the care of rhinologic patients into the clinic setting...
October 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Ruchir Aeron, Sunny Goel, Apul Goel, Vikas Kumar
Urinothorax, an unusual and rare cause of pleural effusion, is usually secondary to urinary obstruction and abdominal trauma. We describe an uncommon case of left-sided urinothorax in a 35-year-old man with diabetes and hypothyroidism associated with an autoimmune disorder without obvious obstructive uropathy. Workup revealed pancytopenia, mild proteinuria, positive anti-nuclear and anti-dsDNA antibodies suggestive of probable systemic lupus erythematosus. Contrast-enhanced CT-chest and abdomen showed hepatosplenomegaly with bilateral renal abscesses and a fistulous connection between left superior calyx and left the pleural cavity...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
William J Ravich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper presents the author's approach to esophageal dilation. It offers a tailored approach to the application of dilation to specific types of esophageal stenotic lesions. RECENT FINDINGS: In patients with inflammatory stricture, recent studies confirm the importance of treating the underlying inflammatory condition in order to decrease the rate of recurrence. The paper reviews some of the novel techniques that have been suggested for the treatment of refractory benign esophageal strictures, including incisional therapy, stenting, or the injection steroids or antifibrotic agents...
August 24, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Firas Ghanem, Deepthi Vodnala, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta, Sridevi Durga, Noah Thormeier, Prem Subramaniyam, Scott Abela, George S Abela
Cholesterol crystal embolic (CCE) syndrome is often a clinically challenging condition that has a poor prognostic implication. It is a result of plaque rupture with release of cholesterol crystals into the circulation that embolize into various tissue organs. Plaque rupture seems to be triggered by an expanding necrotic core during cholesterol crystallization forming sharp tipped crystals that perforate and tear the fibrous cap. Embolizing cholesterol crystals then initiate both local and systemic inflammation that eventually lead to vascular fibrosis and obstruction causing symptoms that can mimic other vasculitic conditions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
Seiichiro Abe, Prasad G Iyer, Ichiro Oda, Nobuo Kanai, Yutaka Saito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic resection of extensive esophageal lesions has become more common as endoscopic resection techniques and equipment have developed. However, extensive esophageal endoscopic resections can cause postoperative esophageal strictures, which have a negative impact on the quality of life of patients. We aimed to review current treatments and innovative approaches to prevent esophageal strictures after widespread endoscopic resection of esophageal lesions. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature search from 2000 to 2016 using predetermined search terms to identify relevant articles and summarized their results as a narrative review...
July 14, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"