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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157245/low-1-5-anhydroglucitol-levels-are-associated-with-long-term-cardiac-mortality-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-with-hemoglobin-a1c-levels-less-than-7-0
#1
Shohei Ouchi, Kazunori Shimada, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Shuhei Takahashi, Yurina Sugita, Megumi Shimizu, Azusa Murata, Tomoyasu Kadoguchi, Takao Kato, Tatsuro Aikawa, Shoko Suda, Eiryu Sai, Masaru Hiki, Hiroshi Iwata, Takatoshi Kasai, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. High hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, which indicate poor glycemic control, have been associated with occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. There are few parameters which can predict cardiovascular risk in patients with well-controlled diabetes. Low 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels are considered a clinical marker of postprandial hyperglycemia. We hypothesized that low 1,5-AG levels could predict long-term mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with relatively low HbA1c levels...
November 21, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082328/schistosomiasis-a-disobedient-ureter-a-disobedient-diagnosis
#2
Pallavi Olivia Pal, Richard Daron Smith, Sian Allen, Marzena Ratynska, Simon Edwards, Philip Gothard, Sarah Logan
Background: Schistosomiasis is rare in western countries, but remains a potentially serious disease. It is known to result in severe urogenital complications; prompt diagnosis can therefore significantly affect outcomes. Case Presentation: We report the case of a 41-year-old male with pleuritic chest pain and visible hematuria who had emigrated from Zimbabwe to the United Kingdom 20 years previously. CT imaging revealed a hydronephrotic right pelvicaliceal system, with a dilated ureter to its distal portion...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078703/bipolar-radiofrequency-ablation-coblation-of-external-auditory-canal-lymphatic-malformation-and-other-soft-stenoses
#3
Alex Gu, Nancy M Bauman
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue occlusion of the external auditory canal (EAC) can cause intense pruritis, recurrent foul smelling otorrhea, recurrent otitis externa, and conductive hearing loss. Occlusion of the EAC can be challenging to treat as the area is prone to circumferential scarring. METHODS: We describe the novel use of serial bipolar radiofrequency ablation (coblation) to treat 3 children with complete EAC occlusion from congenital and acquired conditions including lymphedema (1), microcystic lymphatic malformation (1), and venolymphatic malformation (1)...
December 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072381/-sudden-cardiac-death-in-a-young-adult-with-diffuse-coronary-artery-disease
#4
Diab Ghanim, Erez Kachel, Jacob Lavie, Shemy Carasso, Amjad Shalabi, Fabio Kuzniec, Ehud Raanani, Nabih Salman, Offer Amir, Wadi Kinany
INTRODUCTION: We present a very unusual case in which a high-school student was admitted to our cardiac center unconscious and intubated after suffering from out of hospital SCD. There was no history of fever, substance abuse, family history of sudden cardiac death and/or coronary artery disease, arthralgia, hypercoagulable state or familial hyperlipidemia. An emergent coronary angiogram revealed diffuse obstructive coronary artery disease which was treated with several stents. The following days of his admission were characterized by hemodynamic instability, necessitating temporary support via extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), from which he was weaned off at a later stage...
October 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059083/current-opinions-in-office-based-rhinology
#5
Aykut A Unsal, Naomi Gregory, Kenneth Rosenstein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The care of rhinologic patients has undergone a remarkable transformation in recent years. With the advent of endoscopic sinus surgery and high-tech image-guided computer systems, the surgical care of patients with benign sinonasal disease has successfully transitioned from the main hospital operating room to the outpatient ambulatory surgical center. Currently, there is yet another movement underway, in an attempt to care for these patients in the office setting. RECENT FINDINGS: As the medical device sector continues to innovate at rapid speed, new technologies such as the radiofrequency ablator, microdebrider, balloon sinus dilator, and steroid-eluting stent have propelled the care of rhinologic patients into the clinic setting...
October 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951516/spontaneous-non-obstructive-nephropleural-fistula-with-an-autoimmune-disorder-causing-massive-urinothorax-a-rare-association
#6
Ruchir Aeron, Sunny Goel, Apul Goel, Vikas Kumar
Urinothorax, an unusual and rare cause of pleural effusion, is usually secondary to urinary obstruction and abdominal trauma. We describe an uncommon case of left-sided urinothorax in a 35-year-old man with diabetes and hypothyroidism associated with an autoimmune disorder without obvious obstructive uropathy. Workup revealed pancytopenia, mild proteinuria, positive anti-nuclear and anti-dsDNA antibodies suggestive of probable systemic lupus erythematosus. Contrast-enhanced CT-chest and abdomen showed hepatosplenomegaly with bilateral renal abscesses and a fistulous connection between left superior calyx and left the pleural cavity...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840483/endoscopic-management-of-benign-esophageal-strictures
#7
REVIEW
William J Ravich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper presents the author's approach to esophageal dilation. It offers a tailored approach to the application of dilation to specific types of esophageal stenotic lesions. RECENT FINDINGS: In patients with inflammatory stricture, recent studies confirm the importance of treating the underlying inflammatory condition in order to decrease the rate of recurrence. The paper reviews some of the novel techniques that have been suggested for the treatment of refractory benign esophageal strictures, including incisional therapy, stenting, or the injection steroids or antifibrotic agents...
August 24, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808190/cholesterol-crystal-embolization-following-plaque-rupture-a-systemic-disease-with-unusual-features
#8
Firas Ghanem, Deepthi Vodnala, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta, Sridevi Durga, Noah Thormeier, Prem Subramaniyam, Scott Abela, George S Abela
Cholesterol crystal embolic (CCE) syndrome is often a clinically challenging condition that has a poor prognostic implication. It is a result of plaque rupture with release of cholesterol crystals into the circulation that embolize into various tissue organs. Plaque rupture seems to be triggered by an expanding necrotic core during cholesterol crystallization forming sharp tipped crystals that perforate and tear the fibrous cap. Embolizing cholesterol crystals then initiate both local and systemic inflammation that eventually lead to vascular fibrosis and obstruction causing symptoms that can mimic other vasculitic conditions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713066/approaches-for-stricture-prevention-after-esophageal-endoscopic-resection
#9
REVIEW
Seiichiro Abe, Prasad G Iyer, Ichiro Oda, Nobuo Kanai, Yutaka Saito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic resection of extensive esophageal lesions has become more common as endoscopic resection techniques and equipment have developed. However, extensive esophageal endoscopic resections can cause postoperative esophageal strictures, which have a negative impact on the quality of life of patients. We aimed to review current treatments and innovative approaches to prevent esophageal strictures after widespread endoscopic resection of esophageal lesions. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature search from 2000 to 2016 using predetermined search terms to identify relevant articles and summarized their results as a narrative review...
July 14, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662972/utilization-of-sinus-stents-as-a-novel-approach-for-benign-cystic-lesions-of-the-sella
#10
Akina Tamaki, Berje Shammassian, Abhishek Ray, Warren R Selman, Kenneth Rodriguez
Steroid-releasing sinus stents have emerged as a safe and effective tool in endoscopic sinus surgery. In this case report, we present two patients with recurrent cystic sellar masses. Transsphenoidal approach was used to access the sella. Following resection and drainage of the cystic pathology, a Propel (Menlo Park, CA) stent was placed through the corridor of the resection site to stent the cavity open. This is the first report where a steroid-releasing sinus stent was used in the treatment of a sellar lesion...
September 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643106/-new-and-old-aspects-of-retroperitoneal-fibrosis
#11
REVIEW
A S Brandt, N M Dreger, E Müller, S Kukuk, S Roth
Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is an uncommon chronic inflammatory disease of the rear abdomen and it is commonly associated with the complication of uni- or bilateral hydronephrosis. Despite the rarity of this disease, multiple publications concerning etiology, diagnosis, therapy monitoring and both medical and surgical therapy have been published in recent years. Recent research has focused on asbestos exposure as a possible risk factor, the meaning of IgG4-associated RPF, measuring disease activity using different radiological and nuclear medicine procedures, and new approaches to medical therapy...
July 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616399/management-of-strictures-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-esophageal-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Koichiro Kawaguchi, Hiroki Kurumi, Yohei Takeda, Kazuo Yashima, Hajime Isomoto
Endoscopic resection of early esophageal cancer has a high therapeutic effect while being minimally invasive. Especially, the establishment of the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) procedure has made it possible to resect large lesions in an en-bloc manner. As a result, accurate pathology evaluation became possible, and the risk of local recurrence was extremely low. On the other hand, esophageal strictures after endoscopic treatment of an extensive circumferential lesion are a potential problem. Previously, for the prevention and treatment of esophageal strictures, patients had to undergo painful endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) many times...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611969/anastomotic-strictures-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-incidence-investigations-and-management-including-treatment-of-refractory-and-recurrent-strictures
#13
REVIEW
Renato Tambucci, Giulia Angelino, Paola De Angelis, Filippo Torroni, Tamara Caldaro, Valerio Balassone, Anna Chiara Contini, Erminia Romeo, Francesca Rea, Simona Faraci, Giovanni Federici di Abriola, Luigi Dall'Oglio
Improved surgical techniques, as well as preoperative and postoperative care, have dramatically changed survival of children with esophageal atresia (EA) over the last decades. Nowadays, we are increasingly seeing EA patients experiencing significant short- and long-term gastrointestinal morbidities. Anastomotic stricture (AS) is the most common complication following operative repair. An esophageal stricture is defined as an intrinsic luminal narrowing in a clinically symptomatic patient, but no symptoms are sensitive or specific enough to diagnose an AS...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588863/hemodynamic-collapse-due-to-the-stenosis-of-four-pulmonary-veins-in-a-patient-with-mediastinal-tumor
#14
Kentaro Yoshida, Fumie Fujisawa, Hiroshi Kojima, Noriyuki Takeyasu
Cardiogenic shock can occur due to compression of the four pulmonary veins and the left atrium by a mediastinal tumor. Steroid infusion can be a temporary alternative therapy before obtaining a definite diagnosis and performing an intervention with stents to dilate the pulmonary veins.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492612/a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study-comparing-drug-eluting-stent-therapy-and-intranasal-corticoid-steroid-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#15
R Taulu, A J Bizaki, J Numminen, M Rautiainen
OBJECTIVES: To conduct the first prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial comparing the efficacy of a drug-eluting stent (DES) (the Relieva StratusTM MicroFlow Spacer) and topical intranasal corticosteroid therapy in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: Sixty-three adult patients with ethmoiditis were randomized into either the DES group (n=34) or nasal spray group (n=29). The main outcome variable was the Sinonasal Outcome Test 22, Visual Analogue Scale, nasal endoscopy, rhinometric measurements were performed at the beginning of the study, after three months and six months of follow-up...
September 1, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325633/trends-in-the-use-of-stents-and-drug-eluting-stents-in-sinus-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Leah J Hauser, Justin H Turner, Rakesh K Chandra
Stenting has long been used in the paranasal sinuses with the goals of maintaining a patent sinus cavity during the postoperative healing process and preventing restenosis from inflammation or scarring. More recently, drug-eluting stents have been introduced. Steroid-impregnated dressings and implants appear to be safe, although likely have increased systemic absorption compared with topical nasal steroid sprays and rinses. There is evidence to support the use of steroid-releasing implants in the ethmoid cavity in the postoperative period; however, more study is needed to truly define the role of these implants...
June 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235953/nickel-associated-delayed-multiple-white-matter-lesions-after-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-of-intracranial-unruptured-aneurysm
#17
Hun Soo Park, Ichiro Nakagawa, Shohei Yokoyama, Daisuke Wajima, Takeshi Wada, Yasushi Motoyama, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
Metal-induced encephalopathy after stent-assisted coil embolization is extremely rare. The present report describes two patients who presented with symptomatic intracranial parenchymal edematous lesions after stent-assisted coil embolization. A 64-year-old woman underwent stent-assisted coil embolization for a left internal carotid artery aneurysm; 21 days after the procedure she presented with right hand weakness and MRI revealed multifocal white matter lesions. Another woman aged 52 years underwent stent-assisted coil embolization for right vertebral artery aneurysm; 18 days after the procedure she presented with left-sided sensory disturbance and MRI demonstrated multiple white matter lesions...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219914/nickel-associated-delayed-multiple-white-matter-lesions-after-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-of-intracranial-unruptured-aneurysm
#18
Hun Soo Park, Ichiro Nakagawa, Shohei Yokoyama, Daisuke Wajima, Takeshi Wada, Yasushi Motoyama, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
Metal-induced encephalopathy after stent-assisted coil embolization is extremely rare. The present report describes two patients who presented with symptomatic intracranial parenchymal edematous lesions after stent-assisted coil embolization. A 64-year-old woman underwent stent-assisted coil embolization for a left internal carotid artery aneurysm; 21 days after the procedure she presented with right hand weakness and MRI revealed multifocal white matter lesions. Another woman aged 52 years underwent stent-assisted coil embolization for right vertebral artery aneurysm; 18 days after the procedure she presented with left-sided sensory disturbance and MRI demonstrated multiple white matter lesions...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207528/idiopathic-retroperitoneal-fibrosis-causing-unilateral-ureteral-and-sigmoid-colon-obstruction-a-case-report
#19
Ting Yan, Yujuan Wang, Zhijun Liu, Xiaolei Zhang, Qian Wu, Mingrong Xi
OBJECTIVE: The present report aimed to present a unique case of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) presenting features of unilateral ureteral and sigmoid colon obstruction. RPF is a rare disorder with unclear etiology. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old female had a 10-day history of lower right abdominal and lumbar pain. Gynecological examination, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT) were all suggestive of right ovarian tumor. An enhanced CT showed right-sided hydronephrosis...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128720/surgical-complications-after-pediatric-renal-transplant
#20
Hakan Sözen, Kibriya Fidan, Onur Özen, Oğuz Söylemezoğlu, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Renal transplant is the most appropriate treatment for both adult and pediatric patients with end-stage renal failure. Here, we analyzed surgical complications after pediatric renal transplant at our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from patient files and hospital charts of pediatric patients who had renal transplant at our center (Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey). Our immunosuppression protocol, a calcineurin inhibitor-based triple regimen, was applied to all recipients (steroids, mycophenolic acid)...
January 27, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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