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septicemia review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666615/significance-of-streptococcus-gallolyticus-subsp-gallolyticus-association-with-colorectal-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Ewa Pasquereau-Kotula, Mariana Martins, Laetitia Aymeric, Shaynoor Dramsi
Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus Sgg (formerly known as S. bovis type I) is the main causative agent of septicemia and infective endocarditis (IE) in elderly and immunocompromised persons. It belongs to the few opportunistic bacteria, which have been strongly associated to colorectal cancer (CRC). A literature survey covering a period of 40 years (1970-2010) revealed that 65% of patients diagnosed with an invasive Sgg infection had a concomitant colorectal neoplasia. Sgg is associated mainly with early adenomas and may thus constitute an early marker for CRC screening...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619324/novel-case-of-penicillin-resistant-e-rhusiopathiae-septicemia-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#2
Nancy Rihana, Adam Hemminger, Shikerria Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616644/etiological-therapeutic-and-prognostic-particularities-of-primary-biliary-peritonitis-in-tropical-environments
#3
S Ouedraogo, M Windsouri, J T Sawadogo, M Zida, E Ouangre, S S Traore
To describe the etiological, therapeutic, and prognostic aspects of primary biliary peritonitis in Burkina Faso. This retrospective study reviewed records of all patients admitted for primary biliary peritonitis at Tenkodogo Regional Hospital (Burkina Faso) from 2010 through 2016. Cases of secondary biliary peritonitis have been excluded. Thirty patients were identified. Their average age was 26.5 years. Fourteen patients were under 12 years of age. The reasons for consultation were dominated by abdominal pain (in all cases) and bile-induced vomiting (in 22 cases)...
February 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606409/a-10-year-retrospective-review-of-perioperative-mortality-in-pediatric-general-surgery-at-ile-ife-hospital-nigeria
#4
Ademola Olusegun Talabi, Oludayo Adedapo Sowande, Anthony Taiwo Adenekan, Olusanya Adejuyigbe, Collins Chijioke Adumah, Arua Obasi Igwe
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The analysis of perioperative mortality as well as surgery- and anesthesia-related death in pediatric patients may serve as a potential tool to improve outcome. The aim of this study is to report the 24-h and 30-day overall, and surgery and anesthesia-related, mortality in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of perioperative mortality in children ≤15years at a general pediatric surgery unit. All pediatric general surgery cases operated under general anesthesia between January 2007 and December 2016 were included in the study and data analyzed...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606108/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Milad Azami, Zahra Jaafari, Shoboo Rahmati, Afsar Dastjani Farahani, Gholamreza Badfar
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) refers to the developmental disorder of the retina in premature infants and is one of the most serious and most dangerous complications in premature infants. The prevalence of ROP in Iran is different in various parts of Iran and its prevalence is reported to be 1-70% in different regions. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of ROP in Iran. METHODS: This review article was conducted based on the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA) protocols...
April 2, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599902/clostridium-paraputrificum-septicemia-and-liver-abscess
#6
Yong K Kwon, Faiqa A Cheema, Bejon T Maneckshana, Caroline Rochon, Patricia A Sheiner
We report the first case of a healthy 23-year-old female who underwent an interventional radiology-guided embolization of a hepatic adenoma, which resulted in a gas forming hepatic liver abscess and septicemia by Clostridium paraputrificum . A retrospective review of Clostridial liver abscesses was performed using a PubMed literature search, and we found 57 clostridial hepatic abscess cases. The two most commonly reported clostridial species are C. perfringens and C. septicum (64.9% and 17.5% respectively)...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599763/-streptococcus-suis-the-two-faces-of-a-pathobiont-in-the-porcine-respiratory-tract
#7
REVIEW
Désirée Vötsch, Maren Willenborg, Yenehiwot B Weldearegay, Peter Valentin-Weigand
Streptococcus (S.) suis is a frequent early colonizer of the upper respiratory tract of pigs. In fact, it is difficult to find S. suis -free animals under natural conditions, showing the successful adaptation of this pathogen to its porcine reservoir host. On the other hand, S. suis can cause life-threatening diseases and represents the most important bacterial cause of meningitis in pigs worldwide. Notably, S. suis can also cause zoonotic infections, such as meningitis, septicemia, endocarditis, and other diseases in humans...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589220/ocular-involvement-in-melioidosis-a-23-year-retrospective-review
#8
Sasi Yaisawang, Somkiat Asawaphureekorn, Ploenchan Chetchotisakd, Surasakdi Wongratanacheewin, Peerapat Pakdee
BACKGROUND: Ocular involvement in melioidosis is rare and has devastating outcomes. Although there have been few reports on the condition, Khon Kaen, a city in northeast Thailand, has been called the "capital of melioidosis" due to the high prevalence of the condition in the region. We retrospectively reviewed all admitted cases of melioidosis with ocular involvement from the two largest hospitals in Khon Kaen. We reviewed cases from Srinagarind Hospital (a university hospital) of patients admitted between 1993 and 2016 and from Khon Kaen Hospital (a provincial hospital) of patients who presented from 2012 to 2016...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580505/the-prevalence-of-listeria-spp-food-contamination-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Negar Hamidiyan, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Zeynab Rezaei, Roohollah Dehghani-Tafti, Fateme Akrami-Mohajeri
Listeria monocytogenes can cause circling disease, encephalitis, meningitis, septicemia, and mastitis in dairy cattle. Contamination from the environment can contaminate foods with Listeria spp. Consumption of foods containing L. monocytogenes can lead to listeriosis in susceptible people (adults with a compromised immune system), pregnant women, and infants. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes in various foods in Iran. We searched PubMed, Science direct, Scopus, Google scholar, and Iranian local databases including Iranian scientific information database and Magiran for relevant studies up to May 2015 using related keywords...
May 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565712/impact-of-meningococcal-vaccination-on-carriage-and-disease-transmission-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Paul Balmer, Cynthia Burman, Lidia Serra, Laura J York
Colonization of the human nasopharyngeal tract by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis is usually asymptomatic, but life-threatening meningococcal disease with a clinical presentation of meningitis, septicemia, or more rarely, gastrointestinal symptoms, can develop. Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) can be fatal within 24 hours, but IMD is vaccine-preventable. Vaccines used to protect against IMD caused by 5 of the 6 most common serogroups (A, B, C, W, and Y) may also influence carriage prevalence in vaccinated individuals...
March 22, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560007/-clostridium-perfringens-septicemia-and-a-bleeding-ulcer-of-a-jejunal-interposition-a-case-report-and-short-review-of-the-literature
#11
W Wild, F Bormann, H Sweiti, N Tamimi, D Pichulek, M Divo, P Dörr, M Schwarzbach
Introduction: We report a case of Clostridium perfringens septicemia in a patient presenting with a bleeding ulcer of a jejunal interposition. Case Presentation: An 81-year-old female patient was acutely admitted to our hospital due to hematemesis and melena. She had a history of metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor, for which she was receiving second line treatment with sunitinib. She had also undergone a Merendino procedure 4 years prior to presentation. The patient underwent emergency gastroscopy, which revealed a bleeding ulcer in the jejunal interposition...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520146/prevalence-risk-factors-and-microorganisms-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-retrospective-study-in-china
#12
Ke He, Yun Hu, Jun-Cheng Shi, Yun-Qing Zhu, Xiao-Ming Mao
Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur more frequently in diabetic patients. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence, risk factors and microorganisms of UTIs in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Patients and methods: A total of 3,652 Chinese inpatients with T2D were reviewed and data on their clinical characteristics, symptoms of UTIs, random blood glucose, HbA1c, glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody, insulin autoantibody, albumin excretion rate in 24-hour urine, urine culture and susceptibility to antibiotics, and so on were collected...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495215/-progress-on-influencing-factors-regarding-the-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-infectious-diseases
#13
X Hong, H Yu, B Wang
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is one of the severe pathogenic bacteria during the perinatal period, both on pregnant women and newborns. GBS infection may lead to pneumonia, septicemia, meningitis or other severe disease, even death in neonates. Although only 1%-2% infections will develop into GBS disease among the neonates, the etiological mechanism of which is worth researching. This review summarizes the possible factors related to GBS infection or occurrence of the disease, including the risk in gestation period (for example, colonization of GBS on vagina of pregnant women, preterm birth or premature rupture of fetal membranes and so on), related pathogens (bacteria strains, loads or virulence), immune level (inflammatory factor or neutralizing anticytokine auto-Abs), gene defect or primary immunodeficiencies of the hosts...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471106/historical-and-contemporary-features-of-infections-due-to-clostridium-novyi
#14
REVIEW
David M Aronoff, Powel H Kazanjian
Clostridium novyi is an anaerobic bacterium that resides in the soil in nature and that may cause severe clinical infections in humans. It is named after Frederick Novy, who incidentally discovered the anaerobic organism responsible for septicemia in rabbits. In this paper, we explore the circumstances surrounding the identification of the organism. In particular, we address who Novy was and what he was trying to do when he first described the organism in the 1890s. We then address what is known about the biological features of the organism today, as well as the clinical syndromes that are now recognized to be associated with the microbe...
April 2018: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429482/enteric-coronavirus-infection-in-adult-horses
#15
N Pusterla, R Vin, C M Leutenegger, L D Mittel, T J Divers
A new enteric virus of adult horses, equine coronavirus (ECoV), has recently been recognized. It is associated with fever, lethargy, anorexia, and less frequently, colic and diarrhea. This enteric virus is transmitted via the feco-oral route and horses become infected by ingesting fecally contaminated feed and water. Various outbreaks have been reported since 2010 from Japan, Europe and the USA. While the clinical signs are fairly non-specific, lymphopenia and neutropenia are often seen. Specific diagnosis is made by the detection of ECoV in feces by either quantitative real-time PCR, electron microscopy or antigen-capture ELISA...
January 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422727/pattern-and-outcome-of-obstetric-admissions-into-the-intensive-care-unit-of-a-southeast-nigerian-hospital
#16
Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba, Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Vitus Okwuchukwu Obi, Uche Anthony Umeh, Joseph Tochukwu Enebe, Kingsley Chukwu Obioha
Background and Aims: Although pregnancy and labor are considered physiological processes, the potential for catastrophic complications is constant and may develop rapidly. There is growing evidence that admission of high-risk patients into the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is associated with a reduction in maternal mortality. This study was aimed at reviewing all obstetric patients admitted into the ICU. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all obstetric patients who were admitted into the ICU between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366858/non-o1-non-o139-vibrio-cholerae-septicemia-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-beirut-lebanon-a-case-report-and-review
#17
REVIEW
Carla Zmeter, Hussam Tabaja, Ala I Sharara, Souha S Kanj
More clinical infections with non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae have been recently reported. These pathogens usually do not cause the epidemic and pandemic cases of cholera seen with choleragenic vibrios. However, they can still cause intestinal as well as extra-intestinal disease and can be associated with significant mortality. Herein, we present the first case of non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae septicemia reported in Lebanon since the beginning of the Lebanese waste crisis.
January 20, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352596/thirty-day-readmissions-following-parathyroidectomy-evidence-from-the-national-readmissions-database-2013-2014
#18
Adam M Kravietz, Jessica L Buicko, Joshua P Parreco, Michael A Lopez, Robert A Kozol
PURPOSE: Parathyroidectomy is one of the most common procedures performed in the United States, and are increasingly being performed safely in the outpatient setting. However, complications from surgery can be life-threatening, and thus an understanding of who may be at risk is essential. We analyzed and compared the risk factors for patients readmitted within 30 days following inpatient parathyroidectomy for primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the National Readmissions Database from 2013 to 2014 for patients who received inpatient parathyroidectomy for primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism...
March 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224803/salmonella-in-dairy-cattle
#19
REVIEW
Chelsea L Holschbach, Simon F Peek
As an infectious, contagious pathogen, Salmonella is probably rivaled by only bovine viral diarrhea virus in its ability to cause clinical disease, such as enteritis, septicemia, pneumonia, and reproductive losses. The increasing prevalence of Salmonella, particularly Salmonella Dublin, on dairies presents new challenges to producers and veterinarians. No current discussion of bovine salmonellosis is complete without acknowledging the increasing public health concern. Increasing antimicrobial resistance among enteric pathogens brings the use of antimicrobials by veterinarians and producers under ever stricter scrutiny...
March 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205230/can-protein-restriction-set-up-t-lymphocytes-favorably-for-their-activation-against-pathogens-through-myc
#20
Jung-Eun Lee
One area that presents a significant threat to global health is infectious diseases. With increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria [1], opportunistic infections are a growing concern for human societies. In 2009, there were 89,000 deaths caused by pneumonia, septicemia, and influenza virus in the United States alone [2]. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria increase the risk of secondary infection that is associated with many standard medical procedures such as organ transplantation, chemotherapy, dialysis, and elective surgery [1]...
2017: MOJ lymphology & phlebology
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