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septicemia review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900781/causes-of-mortality-in-captive-panamanian-golden-frogs-atelopus-zeteki-at-the-maryland-zoo-in-baltimore-2001-2013
#1
Ronan Eustace, Allison Wack, Lisa Mangus, Ellen Bronson
  The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore is home to the largest captive assurance population of the critically endangered Panamanian golden frog ( Atelopus zeteki). With the ongoing extinction that is occurring worldwide in amphibians, the need for amphibian captive assurance populations is growing, and few mortality reviews on amphibian species exist. Necropsy and histopathologic examination of animals that die in captivity can help identify population-level disease problems, direct research needs in amphibian medicine and husbandry, and improve the success of captive breeding programs...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888926/features-and-outcomes-of-immunoglobulin-therapy-in-patients-with-good-syndrome-at-thailand-s-largest-tertiary-referral-hospital
#2
Torpong Thongngarm, Adhiratha Boonyasiri, Panitan Pradubpongsa, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Tauangtham Anekpuritanang, Piyawut Kreetapirom, Mongkhon Sompornrattanaphan
BACKGROUND: Good syndrome (GS) is an adult-onset immunodeficiency characterized by coexisting thymoma and hypogammaglobulinemia. Clinical course after treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: To investigate and report the clinical course and outcomes of GS patients after treatment with IVIg at Thailand's largest national tertiary referral hospital METHODS: This retrospective chart review included patients diagnosed with GS and treated with IVIg during the 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2015 study period...
June 11, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869474/-pyogenic-streptococcal-omphalitis-and-foot-s-cellulitis-in-an-11-day-old-infant
#3
P Cuvelier, A Bouteiller, P Fortpied, M Lonneux, S Blumental
Omphalitis is a rare infection in our countries. Streptoccus pyogenes is one of the most frequently encountered germs. Complications are rare but include septicemia and necrotizing fasciitis with a high mortality rate. The case reported in this article is that of an 11 days old infant with pyogenic streptococcal omphalitis who developed cellulitis of left food. An intravenous antibiotic treatment allowed complete resolution of the symptoms. The article is the opportunity to review of the risk factors of this affection, its complications and treatments...
May 30, 2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860151/title-incidence-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-immunocompromised-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Mariëlle van Aalst, Felix Lötsch, René Spijker, Jan T M van der Meer, Miranda W Langendam, Abraham Goorhuis, Martin P Grobusch, Godelieve J de Bree
BACKGROUND: Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, with immunocompromised patients (ICPs) at particular risk. Therefore, guidelines recommend pneumococcal vaccination for these patients. However, guidelines are scarcely underpinned with references to incidence studies of IPD in this population. This, potentially results in unawareness of the importance of vaccination and low vaccination rates. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the incidence of IPD in ICPs...
May 31, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858291/-staphylococcus-aureus
#5
Devlynne S Ondusko, Dawn Nolt
Staphylococcus aureus is a bacterium that can cause a variety of illnesses through suppurative or nonsuppurative (toxin-mediated) means. S aureus is a common cause of skin and skin structure infections as well as osteoarticular infections in the pediatric population. S aureus is also identified in cases of septicemia, infective endocarditis, pneumonia, ocular infections, and central nervous system infections. To design appropriate empirical therapy, pediatricians should be knowledgeable about the resistance patterns of S aureus in their communities, including methicillin and clindamycin resistance...
June 2018: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845000/pituitary-abscess-a-rare-clinical-entity-in-the-presence-of-acute-rhinosinusitis-a-case-report
#6
Vincent John Anagnos, Ricardo A Hanel, Iman Naseri
A pituitary abscess is an often-overlooked diagnosis in the clinical presentation of a sellar mass. Due to its rare incidence and nonspecific presentation, diagnosis and treatment is often delayed. The authors describe a 56-year-old male patient presenting with acute onset of severe headache, visual field deficit, and radiologic findings of an expansile sellar lesion. The presenting symptoms were unremarkable for the diagnosis of meningitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and septicemia. Recent medical history included symptoms of rhinosinusitis on the days preceding his acute presentation...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793813/umbilical-hernia-with-evisceration-two-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Eham Arora, Saurabh Gandhi, Ajay Bhandarwar, Abdul Haque M Quraishi, Amol Wagh, Amarjeet Tandur, Dhansagar Wakle
BACKGROUND: Evisceration of umbilical hernias is an uncommon occurrence whereby the hernial contents break through the skin overlying the sac and skin. Irrespective of cause, sudden evisceration of an umbilical hernia is associated with deterioration and a poor outcome. CASE REPORTS: Our first case was a 42-year-old woman who presented with sudden outpouring of fluid from the umbilicus with omental evisceration. Further evaluation revealed hepatic decompensation caused by hepatitis C infection belonging to Child-Turcotte-Pugh class C...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725180/rare-cranial-nerve-schwannomas-a-retrospective-review-of-nontrigeminal-nonvestibular-cranial-nerve-schwannomas
#8
Harsh Deora, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Manish Beniwal, V Vikas, K V L N Rao, Sampath Somanna
Introduction: Intracranial schwannomas arising from non-trigeminal and non-vestibular sources are extremely rare constituting <0.8% of all schwannomas. In this article, we have analyzed our experience in the management of these rare tumors over a 10-year period. Material and Methods: There were a total of 16 cases, with 11 of them undergoing microsurgical resection and 5 undergoing stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Results: There were no fresh neurological deficit in any of these patients and two patients underwent postoperative SRS for residual tumor...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717639/streptococcus-equi-subspecies-zooepidemicus-septicemia-in-alpacas-three-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Juan M Corpa, Francisco Carvallo, Mark L Anderson, Akinyi C Nyaoke, Janet D Moore, Francisco A Uzal
Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus septicemia of alpacas and llamas, also called alpaca fever, is characterized clinically by fever, depression, recumbency, and death, and pathologically by polyserositis. Although a few natural and experimental cases of the disease have been reported, very little information about the pathology of spontaneous cases has been published. We present a detailed gross and microscopic description of 3 spontaneous cases of alpaca fever and review the literature on this condition...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713555/-bacillus-cereus-typhlitis-in-a-patient-with-acute-myelogenous-leukemia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
James D Denham, Sowmya Nanjappa, John N Greene
Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive rod that is now recognized as a rare cause of frank disease in the neutropenic hematologic malignancy patient. Because this pathogen is rarely isolated in clinical specimens, no large studies exist to guide the management of these acutely ill patients. Individual case reports and case series exist in the literature describing various clinical manifestations of B. cereus in the neutropenic patient including bacteremia/septicemia, pneumonia, meningitis/encephalitis, hepatic abscesses, and gastritis...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689386/identification-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-pathogens-for-neonatal-septicemia-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#11
Jing-Yang Li, Shang-Qin Chen, Yan-Yan Yan, Ying-Ying Hu, Jia Wei, Qiu-Ping Wu, Zhen-Lang Lin, Jing Lin
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study is to analyze the distribution and antimicrobial resistance of common bacterial pathogens causing neonatal septicemia based on a systematic review of the published studies in China. METHODS: Articles about neonatal sepsis published in the Chinese literature from 2009 to 2014 were identified according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were extracted and analyzed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software. RESULTS: A total of 71 studies were included in which a total of 8080 bacterial species were isolated from culture positive blood samples...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666615/significance-of-streptococcus-gallolyticus-subsp-gallolyticus-association-with-colorectal-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Ewa Pasquereau-Kotula, Mariana Martins, Laetitia Aymeric, Shaynoor Dramsi
Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus Sgg (formerly known as S. bovis type I) is the main causative agent of septicemia and infective endocarditis (IE) in elderly and immunocompromised persons. It belongs to the few opportunistic bacteria, which have been strongly associated to colorectal cancer (CRC). A literature survey covering a period of 40 years (1970-2010) revealed that 65% of patients diagnosed with an invasive Sgg infection had a concomitant colorectal neoplasia. Sgg is associated mainly with early adenomas and may thus constitute an early marker for CRC screening...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619324/novel-case-of-penicillin-resistant-e-rhusiopathiae-septicemia-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#13
Nancy Rihana, Adam Hemminger, Shikerria Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616644/etiological-therapeutic-and-prognostic-particularities-of-primary-biliary-peritonitis-in-tropical-environments
#14
S Ouedraogo, M Windsouri, J T Sawadogo, M Zida, E Ouangre, S S Traore
To describe the etiological, therapeutic, and prognostic aspects of primary biliary peritonitis in Burkina Faso. This retrospective study reviewed records of all patients admitted for primary biliary peritonitis at Tenkodogo Regional Hospital (Burkina Faso) from 2010 through 2016. Cases of secondary biliary peritonitis have been excluded. Thirty patients were identified. Their average age was 26.5 years. Fourteen patients were under 12 years of age. The reasons for consultation were dominated by abdominal pain (in all cases) and bile-induced vomiting (in 22 cases)...
February 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606409/a-10-year-retrospective-review-of-perioperative-mortality-in-pediatric-general-surgery-at-ile-ife-hospital-nigeria
#15
Ademola Olusegun Talabi, Oludayo Adedapo Sowande, Anthony Taiwo Adenekan, Olusanya Adejuyigbe, Collins Chijioke Adumah, Arua Obasi Igwe
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The analysis of perioperative mortality as well as surgery- and anesthesia-related death in pediatric patients may serve as a potential tool to improve outcome. The aim of this study is to report the 24-h and 30-day overall, and surgery and anesthesia-related, mortality in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of perioperative mortality in children ≤15years at a general pediatric surgery unit. All pediatric general surgery cases operated under general anesthesia between January 2007 and December 2016 were included in the study and data analyzed...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606108/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Milad Azami, Zahra Jaafari, Shoboo Rahmati, Afsar Dastjani Farahani, Gholamreza Badfar
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) refers to the developmental disorder of the retina in premature infants and is one of the most serious and most dangerous complications in premature infants. The prevalence of ROP in Iran is different in various parts of Iran and its prevalence is reported to be 1-70% in different regions. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of ROP in Iran. METHODS: This review article was conducted based on the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA) protocols...
April 2, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599902/clostridium-paraputrificum-septicemia-and-liver-abscess
#17
Yong K Kwon, Faiqa A Cheema, Bejon T Maneckshana, Caroline Rochon, Patricia A Sheiner
We report the first case of a healthy 23-year-old female who underwent an interventional radiology-guided embolization of a hepatic adenoma, which resulted in a gas forming hepatic liver abscess and septicemia by Clostridium paraputrificum . A retrospective review of Clostridial liver abscesses was performed using a PubMed literature search, and we found 57 clostridial hepatic abscess cases. The two most commonly reported clostridial species are C. perfringens and C. septicum (64.9% and 17.5% respectively)...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599763/-streptococcus-suis-the-two-faces-of-a-pathobiont-in-the-porcine-respiratory-tract
#18
REVIEW
Désirée Vötsch, Maren Willenborg, Yenehiwot B Weldearegay, Peter Valentin-Weigand
Streptococcus (S.) suis is a frequent early colonizer of the upper respiratory tract of pigs. In fact, it is difficult to find S. suis -free animals under natural conditions, showing the successful adaptation of this pathogen to its porcine reservoir host. On the other hand, S. suis can cause life-threatening diseases and represents the most important bacterial cause of meningitis in pigs worldwide. Notably, S. suis can also cause zoonotic infections, such as meningitis, septicemia, endocarditis, and other diseases in humans...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589220/ocular-involvement-in-melioidosis-a-23-year-retrospective-review
#19
Sasi Yaisawang, Somkiat Asawaphureekorn, Ploenchan Chetchotisakd, Surasakdi Wongratanacheewin, Peerapat Pakdee
BACKGROUND: Ocular involvement in melioidosis is rare and has devastating outcomes. Although there have been few reports on the condition, Khon Kaen, a city in northeast Thailand, has been called the "capital of melioidosis" due to the high prevalence of the condition in the region. We retrospectively reviewed all admitted cases of melioidosis with ocular involvement from the two largest hospitals in Khon Kaen. We reviewed cases from Srinagarind Hospital (a university hospital) of patients admitted between 1993 and 2016 and from Khon Kaen Hospital (a provincial hospital) of patients who presented from 2012 to 2016...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580505/the-prevalence-of-listeria-spp-food-contamination-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Negar Hamidiyan, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Zeynab Rezaei, Roohollah Dehghani-Tafti, Fateme Akrami-Mohajeri
Listeria monocytogenes can cause circling disease, encephalitis, meningitis, septicemia, and mastitis in dairy cattle. Contamination from the environment can contaminate foods with Listeria spp. Consumption of foods containing L. monocytogenes can lead to listeriosis in susceptible people (adults with a compromised immune system), pregnant women, and infants. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes in various foods in Iran. We searched PubMed, Science direct, Scopus, Google scholar, and Iranian local databases including Iranian scientific information database and Magiran for relevant studies up to May 2015 using related keywords...
May 2018: Food Research International
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