keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

FMRI and epilepsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899123/a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-investigation-of-visual-hallucinations-in-the-human-striate-cortex
#1
Hina Abid, Fayyaz Ahmad, Soo Y Lee, Hyun W Park, Dongmi Im, Iftikhar Ahmad, Safee U Chaudhary
PURPOSE: Human beings frequently experience fear, phobia, migraine and hallucinations, however, the cerebral mechanisms underpinning these conditions remain poorly understood. Towards this goal, in this work, we aim to correlate the human ocular perceptions with visual hallucinations, and map them to their cerebral origins. METHODS: An fMRI study was performed to examine the visual cortical areas including the striate, parastriate and peristriate cortex in the occipital lobe of the human brain...
November 29, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898202/optimization-of-transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation-using-functional-mri
#2
Natalia Yakunina, Sam Soo Kim, Eui-Cheol Nam
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an established therapy for drug-resistant epilepsy, depression, and a number of other disorders. Transcutaneous stimulation of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (tVNS) has been considered as a non-invasive alternative. Several functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies on the effects of tVNS used different stimulation parameters and locations in the ear, which makes it difficult to determine the optimal tVNS methodology...
November 29, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882297/disrupted-functional-connectivity-affects-resting-state-based-language-lateralization
#3
Alex Teghipco, Ali Hussain, Madalina E Tivarus
Pre-operative assessment of language localization and lateralization is critical to preserving brain function after lesion or epileptogenic tissue resection. Task fMRI (t-fMRI) has been extensively and reliably used to this end, but resting state fMRI (rs-fMRI) is emerging as an alternative pre-operative brain mapping method that is independent of a patient's ability to comply with a task. We sought to evaluate if language lateralization obtained from rs-fMRI can replace standard assessment using t-fMRI. In a group of 43 patients scheduled for pre-operative fMRI brain mapping and 17 healthy controls, we found that existing methods of determining rs-fMRI lateralization by considering interhemispheric and intrahemispheric functional connectivity are inadequate compared to t-fMRI when applied to the language network...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847305/a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-investigation-of-theory-of-mind-impairments-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#4
Sophie Hennion, Xavier Delbeuck, Katja Koelkebeck, Marine Brion, Louise Tyvaert, Lucie Plomhause, Philippe Derambure, Renaud Lopes, William Szurhaj
Although patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) are known to have theory of mind (ToM) impairments, the latter's neural functional bases have yet to be explored. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to gain insights into the neural dysfunction associated with ToM impairments in patients with mTLE. Twenty-five patients (12 and 13 with right and left mTLE, respectively) and 25 healthy controls performed the "animated shapes" task during fMRI. This complex ToM task requires both explicit reasoning about mental states and implicit processing of information on biological motion and action...
November 12, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843705/altered-local-spontaneous-activity-in-frontal-lobe-epilepsy-a-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#5
Li Dong, Hechun Li, Zhongqiong He, Sisi Jiang, Benjamin Klugah-Brown, Lin Chen, Pu Wang, Song Tan, Cheng Luo, Dezhong Yao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the local spatiotemporal consistency of spontaneous brain activity in patients with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHOD: Eyes closed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were collected from 19 FLE patients and 19 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. A novel measure, named FOur-dimensional (spatiotemporal) Consistency of local neural Activities (FOCA) was used to assess the spatiotemporal consistency of local spontaneous activity (emphasizing both local temporal homogeneity and regional stability of brain activity states)...
November 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833066/activations-in-temporal-areas-using-visual-and-auditory-naming-stimuli-a-language-fmri-study-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#6
Gloria G Gonzálvez, Karin Trimmel, Anja Haag, Louis A van Graan, Matthias J Koepp, Pamela J Thompson, John S Duncan
OBJECTIVE: Verbal fluency functional MRI (fMRI) is used for predicting language deficits after anterior temporal lobe resection (ATLR) for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), but primarily engages frontal lobe areas. In this observational study we investigated fMRI paradigms using visual and auditory stimuli, which predominately involve language areas resected during ATLR. METHODS: Twenty-three controls and 33 patients (20 left (LTLE), 13 right (RTLE)) were assessed using three fMRI paradigms: verbal fluency, auditory naming with a contrast of auditory reversed speech; picture naming with a contrast of scrambled pictures and blurred faces...
October 29, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806448/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-clinical-practice-state-of-the-art-and-science
#7
Christen D Barras, Hamed Asadi, Torsten Baldeweg, Laura Mancini, Tarek A Yousry, Sotirios Bisdas
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become a mainstream neuroimaging modality in the assessment of patients being evaluated for brain tumour and epilepsy surgeries. Thus, it is important for doctors in primary care settings to be well acquainted with the present and potential future applications, as well as limitations, of this modality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to introduce the theoretical principles and state-of-the-art clinical applications of fMRI in brain tumour and epilepsy surgery, with a focus on the implications for clinical primary care...
November 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792884/altered-basal-ganglia-cortical-functional-connections-in-frontal-lobe-epilepsy-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#8
Li Dong, Pu Wang, Rui Peng, Sisi Jiang, Benjamin Klugah-Brown, Cheng Luo, Dezhong Yao
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate alterations of basal ganglia-cortical functional connections in patients with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHOD: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were gathered from 19 FLE patients and 19 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Functional connectivity (FC) analysis was used to assess the functional connections between basal ganglia and cerebral cortex. Regions of interest, including the left/right caudate, putamen, pallidum and thalamus, were selected as the seeds...
October 24, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788553/-cognitive-development-in-children-with-benign-rolandic-epilepsy-of-childhood-with-centrotemporal-spikes-results-of-a-current-systematic-database-search
#9
H Neumann, F Helmke, C Thiels, T Polster, L M Selzer, M Daseking, F Petermann, T Lücke
Benign Rolandic Epilepsy (BRE) is one of the most common epilepsy syndromes in childhood. Although global intellectual performance is typically normal in BRE-patients, problems were found in specific cognitive domains. To summarize recent empirical findings concerning cognitive development in children with BRE a systematic literature search of clinical studies published between 2009 and 2015 was performed. 19 studies of relevance were found.In most recent studies children with BRE consistently showed general intellectual performance within the normal range...
October 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785699/cerebellar-involvement-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-myoclonus-due-to-epm1-structural-and-functional-mri-findings-in-comparison-with-healthy-controls-and-ataxic-patients
#10
Anna Nigri, Elisa Visani, Nicola Bertolino, Lorenzo Nanetti, Caterina Mariotti, Marta Panzeri, Maria Grazia Bruzzone, Silvana Franceschetti, Laura Canafoglia
EPM1 (epilepsy, progressive myoclonic 1; Unverricht-Lundborg disease, OMIM #254800) is the most frequent form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy. Previous findings have suggested that its pathophysiology mainly involves the cerebellum, but the evaluation of cerebellar dysfunction is still unsatisfactory. The aim of this study was to assess the structural and functional involvement of the cerebellum in EPM1. We used voxel-based morphometry and spatially unbiased infra-tentorial template analyses of structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and functional MRI (fMRI) scans during block and event-related go/no-go motor tasks to study 13 EPM1 patients with mild to moderate myoclonus...
October 26, 2016: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766202/pharmaco-fmri-determining-the-functional-anatomy-of-the-effects-of-medication
#11
Britta Wandschneider, Matthias J Koepp
Functional MRI studies have helped to elucidate underlying mechanisms in complex neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Disease processes often involve complex large-scale network interactions, extending beyond the presumed main disease focus. Given both the complexity of the clinical phenotype and the underlying dysfunctional brain circuits, so called pharmaco-fMRI (ph-MRI) studies probe pharmacological effects on functional neuro-anatomy, and can help to determine early treatment response, mechanisms of drug efficacy and side effects, and potentially advance CNS drug development...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740984/imaging-for-adults-with-seizures-and-epilepsy
#12
Samuel Lapalme-Remis, Gregory D Cascino
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses structural and functional neuroimaging findings in patients with seizures and epilepsy. The indications for neuroimaging in these patients and the potential diagnostic utility of these studies are presented. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients presenting with new seizures typically require urgent imaging to rule out a critical underlying cause. MRI is the structural neuroimaging procedure of choice in individuals with epilepsy. Specific epilepsy protocols should be considered to increase the diagnostic yield of neuroimaging in patients with structural lesions associated with focal or generalized seizures...
October 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729846/classification-and-extraction-of-resting-state-networks-using-healthy-and-epilepsy-fmri-data
#13
Svyatoslav Vergun, Wolfgang Gaggl, Veena A Nair, Joshua I Suhonen, Rasmus M Birn, Azam S Ahmed, M Elizabeth Meyerand, James Reuss, Edgar A DeYoe, Vivek Prabhakaran
Functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have significantly expanded the field's understanding of functional brain activity of healthy and patient populations. Resting state (rs-) fMRI, which does not require subjects to perform a task, eliminating confounds of task difficulty, allows examination of neural activity and offers valuable functional mapping information. The purpose of this work was to develop an automatic resting state network (RSN) labeling method which offers value in clinical workflow during rs-fMRI mapping by organizing and quickly labeling spatial maps into functional networks...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726245/dynamic-functional-network-connectivity-in-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy-with-generalized-tonic-clonic-seizure
#14
Feng Liu, Yifeng Wang, Meiling Li, Wenqin Wang, Rong Li, Zhiqiang Zhang, Guangming Lu, Huafu Chen
Idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) has been linked with disrupted intra-network connectivity of multiple resting-state networks (RSNs); however, whether impairment is present in inter-network interactions between RSNs, remains largely unclear. Here, 50 patients with IGE characterized by generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) and 50 demographically matched healthy controls underwent resting-state fMRI scans. A dynamic method was implemented to investigate functional network connectivity (FNC) in patients with IGE-GTCS...
October 11, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718767/neural-activity-elicited-by-a-cognitive-task-can-be-detected-in-single-trials-with-simultaneous-intracerebral-eeg-fmri-recordings
#15
Mani Saignavongs, Carolina Ciumas, Mathilde Petton, Romain Bouet, Sébastien Boulogne, Sylvain Rheims, David W Carmichael, Jean-Philippe Lachaux, Philippe Ryvlin
Recent studies have shown that it is feasible to record simultaneously intracerebral EEG (icEEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in patients with epilepsy. While it has mainly been used to explore the hemodynamic changes associated with epileptic spikes, this approach could also provide new insight into human cognition. However, the first step is to ensure that cognitive EEG components, that have lower amplitudes than epileptic spikes, can be appropriately detected under fMRI. We compared the high frequency activities (HFA, 50-150[Formula: see text]Hz) elicited by a reading task in icEEG-only and subsequent icEEG-fMRI in the same patients ([Formula: see text]), implanted with depth electrodes...
August 22, 2016: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665526/the-retrieval-of-perceptual-memory-details-depends-on-right-hippocampal-integrity-and-activation
#16
Marie St-Laurent, Morris Moscovitch, Mary Pat McAndrews
We assessed whether perceptual richness, a defining feature of episodic memory, depends on the engagement and integrity of the hippocampus during episodic memory retrieval. We tested participants' memory for complex laboratory events (LEs) that differed in perceptual content: short stories were either presented as perceptually rich film clips or as perceptually impoverished narratives. Participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while retrieving these LEs (narratives and clips), as well as events from their personal life (autobiographical memories)...
August 27, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661438/alteration-of-the-alertness-related-network-in-patients-with-right-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#17
Jianping Li, Xuemei Chen, Wei Ye, Wenyu Jiang, Huihua Liu, Jinou Zheng
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate alterations in the alertness-related network in patients with right temporal lobe epilepsy (rTLE) and explore the functional mechanisms of impaired alertness. METHODS: We recruited twenty patients with rTLE and eighteen matched healthy controls. All participants took a neuropsychological attention network test (ANT) and underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scanning. We extracted the alertness-related network using multiple independent component analysis (MICA)...
September 16, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635629/pre-ictal-bold-alterations-two-cases-of-patients-with-focal-epilepsy
#18
Sarah A Vinette, Shahleen Premji, Craig A Beers, Ismael Gaxiola-Valdez, Daniel J Pittman, Edward G Slone, Bradley G Goodyear, Paolo Federico
The pre-ictal state is of interest for better understanding pathophysiological processes leading up to seizures and for identifying potential biomarkers for the prediction of these events. We present two cases of patients with focal epilepsy (occipital, insular) who had seizures during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. Interictal (>30min pre-seizure) control data was available for one participant. The location and timing of pre-ictal blood oxygenation-level dependent (BOLD) signal alterations were examined along with changes in pre-ictal functional connectivity...
September 8, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592471/retinotopic-fmri-and-tumour-resection-in-a-case-with-occipital-lobe-epilepsy
#19
Khalid Hamandi, Siân E Robson, Malek Zaben, Krish D Singh, William P Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576236/effectiveness-of-reference-signal-based-methods-for-removal-of-eeg-artifacts-due-to-subtle-movements-during-fmri-scanning
#20
Kees Hermans, Jan Casper de Munck, Rudolf Verdaasdonk, Paul Boon, Gunther Krausz, Robert Prueckl, Pauly Ossenblok
OBJECTIVE: Subtle motion of an epileptic patient examined with co-registered EEG and functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) may often lead to spurious fMRI activation patterns when true epileptic spikes are contaminated with motion artefacts. In recent years, methods relying on reference signals for correcting these subtle movements in the EEG have emerged. In this study, the performance of two reference-based devices are compared to the template-based method with regard to their ability to remove movement-related artifacts in EEG measured during scanning...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
keyword
keyword
110567
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"