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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526433/risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-neonates-from-mothers-after-gastric-bypass-a-case-control-study
#1
Geraldine Gascoin, Maxime Gerard, Agnès Sallé, Guillaume Becouarn, Stephanie Rouleau, Loïc Sentilhes, Régis Coutant
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants after maternal bariatric surgery has been shown. The risk of micronutrients deficiencies in these neonates is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To screen for micronutrients deficiencies in newborns of mothers with gastric bypass. SETTINGS: University hospital in Angers, France. METHODS: This study compared the clinical and cord blood biological characteristics of 56 newborns of mothers with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 56 newborns of nonobese healthy mothers after normal pregnancy (controls), followed between January 3, 2008 and October 31, 2012...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501824/the-vanishing-duodenal-polyp-mesenteric-invagination-presenting-as-duodenal-pseudopolyp
#2
Bernadette S de Bakker, Saffire S K S Phoa, Mohammed Kara, Sabaa Al-Eryani, Marieke E Gielen, Cyriel I J Ponsioen, Henri M de Bakker, Thomas M van Gulik
Duodenal polypoid masses are an uncommon finding mainly diagnosed incidentally at endoscopy or surgery. We report a 39-year-old female patient with symptoms of intermittent stabbing pain in the upper right abdominal quadrant and an iron deficiency anaemia, without complaints of weight loss, haematemesis or melaena. A duodenal polyp and acute duodenitis have been described during endoscopic examinations and CT and ultrasound. Surgical excision of the polyp was advised. Intraoperatively, an elongated duodenum was remarkable; however, at duodenotomy, no polyp was found, nor during intraoperative endoscopy...
May 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486890/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultra-rapid-iron-polymaltose-infusion-during-general-anaesthesia
#3
R M Browning, N Alakeson, E J O'Loughlin
To assess the efficacy and safety of ultra rapid (15 minute) infusion of iron polymaltose to iron deficient patients during general anaesthesia, we performed a prospective, interventional non-randomised study on 99 adult patients with iron deficiency with or without anaemia presenting for surgery under general anaesthesia. Over 15 minutes during the maintenance phase of anaesthesia, patients were given iron polymaltose, 500 mg if not anaemic, or 1,000 mg if anaemic. Haemodynamic stability, immediate or delayed iron-related side-effects and efficacy at six weeks were assessed...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485283/effect-of-copper-ii-the-activity-of-glutathione-peroxidase-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#4
Katarzyna Malinowska, Alina Morawiec-Sztandera, Ireneusz Majsterek, Dariusz Kaczmarczyk
INTRODUCTION: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) accounts for about 6% of all malignant cancers. In the epidemiology of oral cavity neoplasm, important risk factors include: tobacco smoking, alcohol abuse, bad oral hygiene, papilloma virus infection, riboflavin and iron deficiency. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the investigation was a synthesis of Cu(II) complex and the evaluation of antioxidative enzymatic barrier in red blood cells of patients with head and neck tumor as well as in the control group...
November 20, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477159/a-different-kind-of-craving-incidence-and-treatment-of-pica-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#5
Andrew D Van Osdol, Kara J Kallies, Kyla A Fredrickson, Shanu N Kothari
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency can occur in patients after Roux-en-y gastric bypass due to altered absorption. Pica, the compulsive craving and intake of non-nutritive substances, is a rare and poorly understood presentation of iron deficiency. To our knowledge, the rate of pica after RYGB has never been reported. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic RYGB from 2001 to 2011 were reviewed. Patients with pica or other abnormal cravings were identified...
May 5, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421792/micronutrient-supplementation-in-gastric-bypass-surgery-prospective-study-on-in%C3%AF-ammation-and-iron-metabolism-in-premenopausal-women
#6
Flávia Andréia Marin, Rozangela Verlengia, Alex Harley Crisp, Patrícia Fátima Sousa Novais, Irineu Rasera-Junior, Maria Rita Marques De Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Low-grade chronic inflammation in morbid obesity is associated with impaired iron metabolism. Bariatric surgery is effective in weight loss; however, it can induce specific nutritional deficiencies, such as iron, especially in premenopausal women. Alternatively, after surgery, there is an improvement in systemic inflammation, raising questions concerning the dosages of micronutrient supplementation. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effect of two micronutrient supplementation schemes before and 6 months after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery on inflammation and iron metabolism in premenopausal women...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420664/the-uk-cardiac-and-vascular-surgery-interventional-anaemia-response-caviar-study-protocol-for-an-observational-cohort-study-to-determine-the-impact-and-effect-of-preoperative-anaemia-management-in-cardiac-and-vascular-surgical-patients
#7
Marisa Chau, Toby Richards, Caroline Evans, Anna Butcher, Timothy Collier, Andrew Klein
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative anaemia is linked to poor postsurgical outcome, longer hospital stays, greater risk of complications and mortality. Currently in the UK, some sites have developed anaemia clinics or pathways that use intravenous iron to correct iron deficiency anaemia prior to surgery as their standard of care. Although intravenous iron has been observed to be effective in a variety of patient settings, there is insufficient evidence in its use in cardiac and vascular patients...
April 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392254/american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-integrated-health-nutritional-guidelines-for-the-surgical-weight-loss-patient-2016-update-micronutrients
#8
Julie Parrott, Laura Frank, Rebecca Rabena, Lillian Craggs-Dino, Kellene A Isom, Laura Greiman
BACKGROUND: Optimizing postoperative patient outcomes and nutritional status begins preoperatively. Patients should be educated before and after weight loss surgery (WLS) on the expected nutrient deficiencies associated with alterations in physiology. Although surgery can exacerbate preexisting nutrient deficiencies, preoperative screening for vitamin deficiencies has not been the norm in the majority of WLS practices. Screening is important because it is common for patients who present for WLS to have at least 1 vitamin or mineral deficiency preoperatively...
January 19, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382661/pre-operative-haemoglobin-levels-and-iron-status-in-a-large-multicentre-cohort-of-patients-undergoing-major-elective-surgery
#9
M Muñoz, M J Laso-Morales, S Gómez-Ramírez, M Cadellas, M J Núñez-Matas, J A García-Erce
Pre-operative anaemia in patients undergoing major surgical procedures has been linked to poor outcomes. Therefore, early detection and treatment of pre-operative anaemia is recommended. However, to effectively implement a pre-operative anaemia management protocol, an estimation of its prevalence and main causes is needed. We analysed data from 3342 patients (44.5% female) scheduled for either: elective orthopaedic surgery (n = 1286); cardiac surgery (n = 691); colorectal cancer resection (n = 735); radical prostatectomy (n = 362); gynaecological surgery (n = 203) or resection of liver metastases (n = 122)...
April 6, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376581/esperance-pica-study
#10
Kuroush A Ardeshirian, Donald A Howarth
BACKGROUND: Pica, the eating of non-foods, occurs particularly in children and pregnant women. It has been observed in communities all over the world. Pica is associated with iron deficiency and, in some environments, lead poisoning. This is the first time a study has assessed the prevalence of pica in Australia. METHODS: The study assessed the prevalence of pica in an Australian rural community, using a questionnaire given to parents of 223 children aged 2-10 years attending the five general practice surgeries in the shire...
2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291126/strategies-to-reduce-blood-product-utilization-in-obstetric-practice
#11
Holger Neb, Kai Zacharowski, Patrick Meybohm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient blood management (PBM) aims to improve patient outcome and safety by reducing the number of unnecessary RBC transfusions and vitalizing patient-specific anemia reserves. Although PBM is increasingly recognized as best clinical practice in elective surgery, implementation of PBM is restrained in the setting of obstetrics. This review summarizes recent findings to reduce blood product utilization in obstetric practice. RECENT FINDINGS: PBM-related evidence-based benefits should be urgently adopted in the field of obstetric medicine...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247320/nutrient-deficiency-10%C3%A2-years-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-who-s-responsible
#12
J Hunter Mehaffey, Rachel L Mehaffey, Mathew G Mullen, Florence E Turrentine, Steven K Malin, Bruce Schirmer, Andrew M Wolf, Peter T Hallowell
OBJECTIVE(S): Monitoring and prevention of long-term nutrient deficiency after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) remains ill defined due to limited surgical follow-up after bariatric surgery. This study compared nutrient supplementation as well as surgeon and primary care physician (PCP) follow-up between patients with short-term versus long-term follow-up. METHODS: All patients undergoing LRYGB at a single institution in 2004 (long-term group, n = 281) and 2012-2013 (short-term group, n = 149) were evaluated...
May 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238687/the-complexities-of-iron-deficiency-in-patients-after-bariatric-surgery
#13
Amanda Velazquez, Caroline M Apovian, Nawfal W Istfan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205467/a-rare-type-of-upper-extremity-injury-penetrating-injuries-caused-by-blunt-edged-items
#14
Hakan Şirinoğlu, Furkan Certel, Nebil Yeşïloğlu, Gökhan Temïz, Kübra Ece Kalafatlar, Murat Sarici, Özhan Çelebïler
BACKGROUND: Penetrating upper extremity injury is a common encountered cause of significant loss of labor force and it is generally caused by sharp items. This article presents five rare cases of penetrating hand and forearm injury caused by blunt-edged items in conjunction with a detailed discussion of the mechanism and management of the injury. METHODS: Five patients with a mean age of 37.6 were treated for upper extremity trauma caused by "blunt-edged items" such as corrugated iron fence, garden wires, iron stick or iron safety fence between 2009 to 2014...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202272/long-term-nutritional-status-in-patients-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#15
Kemal Dogan, Jens Homan, Edo O Aarts, Hans de Boer, Cees J H M van Laarhoven, Frits J Berends
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for obesity. However, it also leads to multiple nutritional deficiencies. Much is known about the short term prevalence, but hardly any long term data is available on deficiencies. The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome of nutritional status after RYGB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data obtained from 51 morbidly obese patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic RYGB...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195648/hematology-and-biochemistry-of-aging-evidence-of-anemia-of-the-elderly-in-old-dogs
#16
Lauren B Radakovich, Stephen C Pannone, Matthew P Truelove, Christine S Olver, Kelly S Santangelo
BACKGROUND: Effects of aging on hematologic and biochemical variables are well described in people. Anemia of the elderly is attributed to iron deficiency, anemia of chronic disease, chronic kidney disease, myelodysplasia, or idiopathic causes. Limited studies have examined these variables in aging dogs, but they have typically examined single breeds in research settings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify differences in CBC and biochemistry values between adult and aged dogs of many breeds...
March 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185151/prevalence-of-anemia-in-subjects-randomized-into-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-or-sleeve-gastrectomy
#17
Karim G Kheniser, Sangeeta R Kashyap, Philip R Schauer, Eddie T C Lam, Emily S Kullman
PURPOSE: Although bariatric surgery fosters heightened excess weight loss values, nutritional deficiencies are prominent; one of the most common being iron deficiency anemia. The purpose is to elucidate the frequency of anemia in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted, in subjects (N = 100) diagnosed with type II diabetes who were randomized into sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and intensive medical therapy...
February 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155056/nutrient-status-9%C3%A2-years-after-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-bpd-ds-an-observational-study
#18
Gladys Witt Strain, Mehyar Hefazi Torghabeh, Michel Gagner, Faith Ebel, Gregory F Dakin, Daniel Connolly, Elizabeth Goldenberg, Alfons Pomp
BACKGROUND: Since biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) produces hypoabsorption, evaluation of long-term nutrient changes is appropriate. METHODS: Measurements of micronutrients, trace elements, PTH, iron studies, and protein were completed for consented patients at baseline prior to surgery and at yearly intervals. The patients were advised and supplements were adjusted by blood studies with compliance checks. Independent t tests and ANOVAs compared changes between cross-sectional cohorts based on follow-up time from surgery...
February 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131521/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Alastair Forbes, Johanna Escher, Xavier Hébuterne, Stanisław Kłęk, Zeljko Krznaric, Stéphane Schneider, Raanan Shamir, Kalina Stardelova, Nicolette Wierdsma, Anthony E Wiskin, Stephan C Bischoff
INTRODUCTION: The ESPEN guideline presents a multidisciplinary focus on clinical nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODOLOGY: The guideline is based on extensive systematic review of the literature, but relies on expert opinion when objective data were lacking or inconclusive. The conclusions and 64 recommendations have been subject to full peer review and a Delphi process in which uniformly positive responses (agree or strongly agree) were required...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117617/patterns-and-determinants-of-functional-and-absolute-iron-deficiency-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-rehabilitation-following-heart-surgery
#20
Roberto Tramarin, Valeria Pistuddi, Luigi Maresca, Marco Pavesi, Serenella Castelvecchio, Lorenzo Menicanti, Carlo de Vincentiis, Marco Ranucci
Background Anaemia and iron deficiency are frequent following major surgery. The present study aims to identify the iron deficiency patterns in cardiac surgery patients at their admission to a cardiac rehabilitation programme, and to determine which perioperative risk factor(s) may be associated with functional and absolute iron deficiency. Design This was a retrospective study on prospectively collected data. Methods The patient population included 339 patients. Functional iron deficiency was defined in the presence of transferrin saturation <20% and serum ferritin ≥100 µg/l...
May 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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