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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869718/prevalence-and-causes-of-preoperative-anaemia-in-elective-major-surgery-patients
#1
Frank S Hong, Nicole Sieradzki, Claire Pollock, Faye Nasra, Allison Mo, Abbey Willcox, Leonid Churilov, Wai Khoon Ho, Carole Smith
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anaemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in surgical patients. Recent national patient blood management guideline recommended screening surgical patients for anaemia and in particular iron deficiency anaemia, without reference to the prevalence of anaemia or iron deficiency anaemia in this patient population. AIMS: To establish the prevalence and cause of preoperative anaemia in elective major surgery patients. METHODS: Patients attending the anaesthetic pre-admission clinics from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2014 prior to their major elective surgery in our institution were screened for anaemia and iron deficiency by measuring full blood count, iron studies and C-reactive protein...
September 4, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861696/treatment-of-vitamin-and-mineral-deficiencies-after-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-or-without-duodenal-switch-a-major-challenge
#2
Jens Homan, Wendy Schijns, Edo O Aarts, Ignace M C Janssen, Frits J Berends, Hans de Boer
BACKGROUND: Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are a major concern after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) and BPD with duodenal switch (BPD/DS). Evidence-based guidelines how to prevent or how to treat deficiencies in these patients are currently lacking. The aim of the current study is to give an overview of postsurgical deficiencies and how to prevent and treat these deficiencies. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of a 1-year structured monitoring and treatment schedule for various deficiencies in 34 patients after BPD or BPD/DS...
August 31, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851321/rare-triad-of-periampullary-carcinoid-duodenal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-and-plexiform-neurofibroma-at-hepatic-hilum-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-report
#3
Nihed Abdessayed, Rahul Gupta, Sarra Mestiri, Ahlem Bdioui, Mounir Trimech, Moncef Mokni
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a relatively common inherited disorder. Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 are at high risk of developing neurogenic, neuroendocrine and mesenchymal intra-abdominal tumors. Although coexistence of multiple tumors of different types is frequent in neurofibromatosis type 1, simultaneous occurrence of abdominal tumors of three types in very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old lady with neurofibromatosis type 1 presented with painless progressive jaundice for six months...
August 29, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833205/preoperative-management-of-colorectal-cancer-induced-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-clinical-practice-data-from-a-large-observational-cohort
#4
MaríaJesús Laso-Morales, Carlos Jericó, Susana Gómez-Ramírez, Jordi Castellví, Lorenzo Viso, Inmaculada Roig-Martínez, Caridad Pontes, Manuel Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anemia prevalence among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients is high and may adversely influence postoperative outcome. This study assesses the efficacy of a preoperative anemia managing protocol in CRC. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of consecutive CRC resections at two Spanish centers (January 2012 to December 2013). Preoperative anemia was defined as a hemoglobin (Hb) level of less than 13 g/dL and treated with intravenous iron (IVI) or standard care (oral iron or no iron)...
August 21, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823074/single-anastomosis-duodeno-ileal-switch-sadis-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#5
Saeed Shoar, Lauren Poliakin, Rebecca Rubenstein, Alan A Saber
BACKGROUND: Owing to the possibility of weight regain after the long-term follow-up of gastric bypass patients and because of the high morbidity of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal switch (SADIS) has emerged as a rescue procedure in bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize the literature data on SADIS. SETTING: University Hospital, NY. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed through October 2016 to identify English studies on SADIS performed in human subjects...
August 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780045/sleeve-gastrectomy-with-duodenojejunal-end-to-side-anastomosis-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-the-initial-experiences-in-a-chinese-population-with-a-more-than-4-year-follow-up
#6
Xiaojiao Ruan, Weijian Zhang, Huajie Cai, Ru Zheng, Feizhao Jiang, Hengliang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass has been thought to be associated with a risk of gastric cancer, particularly in Asia. Sleeve gastrectomy with duodenojejunal end-to-side anastomosis (SG-DJESA) was suggested to be a better-designed procedure to avoid this risk, and it also has other advantages. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and feasibility of SG-DJESA in the treatment of nonobese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). SETTING: University Hospital, China...
July 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776151/comparison-of-outcomes-between-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-a-lebanese-bariatric-surgical-practice
#7
Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Georges Khazen, Bassem Y Safadi
PURPOSE: Long-term studies on the outcomes of bariatric surgery are still limited in the Middle East. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) up to 5 years of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent LRYGB and LSG was performed. The primary outcome was weight loss. Postoperative complications, operative time, and hospital length of stay were secondary outcomes...
August 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760109/bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-is-routine-nutrient-supplementation-sufficient-to-avoid-anemia-following-bariatric-surgery
#8
Hanna R Goldberg, Vivian L Chin, Jeffrey L Zitsman, Chengchen Zhang, Kristen M Williams, Sharon Oberfield, Ilene Fennoy
BACKGROUND: Anemia following bariatric surgery is a known complication. To prevent nutrient deficiencies, adolescents require multivitamin/mineral supplementation following bariatric surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate if routine multivitamin/mineral supplementation is sufficient to prevent anemia in adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery, particularly sleeve gastrectomy (SG), a procedure that may induce nutrient malabsorption. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of pediatric patients who underwent SG (34 patients) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) (141 patients) (January 2006 through December 2013)...
August 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745245/-bariatric-surgery-who-when-and-where-an-overview-for-the-referring-physician
#9
T C C Boerlage, Y I Z Acherman, S T Houweling, F Holleman, V E A Gerdes
- Bariatric surgery is performed in patients with a body mass index (BMI) > 40kg/m2, or BMI > 35 kg/m2 with obesity-related comorbidities. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are the most frequently used procedures.- On average, patients have lost 25-27% of their original weight 10 years after surgery.- Obesity-related comorbidities improve dramatically in many patients following surgery. The effect is most noticeable in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732855/effects-of-thermosensitive-chitosan-gelatin-based-hydrogel-containing-glutathione-on-cisd2-deficient-chondrocytes-under-oxidative-stress
#10
Yung-Hsin Cheng, Eddy Chavez, Kun-Ling Tsai, Kai-Chiang Yang, Wei-Ting Kuo, Yi-Ping Yang, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Feng-Huei Lin
Aging is considered as a primary risk factor in the development of osteoarthritis (OA) which associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. CDGSH iron sulfur domain 2 (Cisd2) deficiency causes mitochondrial dysfunction and drive premature aging. In the present study, thermosensitive chitosan-gelatin based hydrogel containing glutathione was developed as injectable drug delivery system for administration by minimal invasive surgery for the treatment of OA. Cisd2 deficiency (Cisd2(-/-)) mouse induced pluripotent stem cells-derived chondrocytes were established and characterized...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720136/bilateral-multiple-pulmonary-artery-aneurysms-associated-with-cavitary-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#11
Pedro Pallangyo, Frederick Lyimo, Smita Bhalia, Hilda Makungu, Bashir Nyangasa, Flora Lwakatare, Pal Suranyi, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery aneurysms constitute <1% of aneurysms occurring in the thoracic cavity. Congenital cardiac defects are responsible for the majority (>50%) of cases, however, pulmonary artery aneurysm is a rare sequelae of pulmonary tuberculosis reported in about 5% of patients with chronic cavitary tuberculosis on autopsy. The natural history of this potentially fatal condition remains poorly understood and guidelines for optimal management are controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old man, a nursing student of African descent, was referred to us from an up-country regional hospital with a 4-week history of recurrent episodes of breathlessness, awareness of heartbeats and coughing blood 3 weeks after completing a 6-month course of anti-tuberculosis drugs...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718091/nutritional-and-micronutrient-care-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-current-evidence-update
#12
REVIEW
Michael A Via, Jeffrey I Mechanick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The continued success of bariatric surgery to treat obesity and obesity-associated metabolic conditions creates a need for a strong understanding of clinical nutrition both before and after these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgically induced alteration of gastrointestinal physiology can affect the nutrition of individuals, especially among those who have undergone malabsorptive procedures. While uncommon, a subset of patients may develop protein-calorie malnutrition...
July 17, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699068/health-and-nutritional-status-of-vegetarian-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery-and-practical-recommendations
#13
Shiri Sherf-Dagan, Keren Hod, Assaf Buch, Limor Mardy-Tilbor, Ziva Regev, Tair Ben-Porat, Nasser Sakran, David Goitein, Asnat Raziel
INTRODUCTION: Data on vegetarianism and bariatric surgery (BS) are scarce. We herein describe the health and nutritional status of vegetarian patients who plan to undergo BS and propose combined recommendations for vegetarian patients who undergo BS, based on our clinical experience and current scientific literature in both nutrition fields. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospectively maintained database of all primary laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies (LSG) performed at a bariatric center of excellence between January 2014 and November 2016 was carried out querying patients who declared a vegetarian or vegan lifestyle before surgery...
July 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679305/iatrogenic-aortic-dissection-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Jia-Chen Li, Xin-Liang Guan, Ming Gong, Hong-Jia Zhang
A 64-year-old female complaining of unrelieved chest pain for 2 days was admitted to the Emergency Room of the Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing, China. After definitive diagnosis, a percutaneous coronary intervention was implemented, but immediately after embedding the stent in the distal area of the right coronary artery, an acute coronary and aortic dissection was found. Cardiologists immediately gave the patient conservative management. At the same time, another smaller stent was immediately embedded in the proximal area of the right coronary artery and plunged into the ascending aorta by 2 mm, with the intention of covering the tear of the dissection...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676956/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-aggravates-vitamin-a-deficiency-in-the-mother-child-group
#15
Sabrina Pereira da Cruz, Andréa Matos, Silvia Pereira, Carlos Saboya, Suelem Pereira da Cruz, Andréa Ramalho
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to compare the nutritional status of vitamin A in women who previously underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) who became pregnant or did not, in the same period after surgery, and to assess its effects on mother and child health. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective longitudinal study conducted with women who previously underwent RYGB, paired by age and BMI measured before surgery, divided into group 1 (G1) comprising 77 women who did not become pregnant and group 2 (G2) with 39 women in their third gestational trimester...
July 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667040/mitochondrial-iron-accumulation-in-parietal-and-chief-cells-in-iron-pill-gastritis-following-billroth-ii-gastrectomy-case-report-including-electron-microscopic-examination
#16
Khurram Shafique, James L Araujo, Rajesh Veluvolu, Nicholas Cassai, Fidelina Desoto-Lapaix, Matthew R Pincus, Rosemary L Wieczorek
Iron pill gastritis has been shown to be associated with superficial gastric erosion and deposition of iron in lamina propria and gastric antral glands. However, iron absorption in gastric parietal and chief cells is rare. We present a case of a 62-year-old man with iron deficiency anemia. His past medical history is significant for Billroth II surgery. His medications include ferrous sulphate 325mg. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed diffuse circumferential abnormal mucosa at the gastro-jejunal anastomosis...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656800/position-paper-on-management-of-iron-deficiency-in-adult-cancer-patients
#17
Sandro Barni, Pere Gascòn, Fausto Petrelli, José Antonio García-Erce, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Giovanni Rosti, Giulio Giordano, Antonio Mafodda, Manuel Múñoz
Disorders of iron metabolism are commonly seen in onco-hematological clinical practice. Iron-deficiency anemia and cancer-associated anemia are usually treated with supportive therapies. Optimal management of these conditions are discussed in this perspective paper. Areas covered: A position paper discussing a number of hot topics on anemia in cancer patients is presented. The main areas covered by experts in the field are: definitions, prevalence and consequences of anemia and iron deficiency, incidence of anemia resulting from targeted therapies, importance of anemia diagnosis and monitoring, evaluation of iron status before and during treatment, role of transfusions and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, management of iron deficiency with or without anemia, parenteral iron supplementation, role of new oral iron formulations, safety and cost issues regarding different iron compounds and administration routes...
August 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589529/dietary-intake-and-weight-changes-5%C3%A2-years-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#18
Ju-Jun Chou, Wei-Jei Lee, Owaid Almalki, Jung-Chien Chen, Pei-Ling Tsai, Shwu-Huey Yang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is becoming a leading primary bariatric surgery but long-term outcome remains unclear. The amount of food eaten is drastically reduced after LSG and may lead to nutritional deficiencies potentially. The aim of this study is to investigate long-term dietary intake and weight status after LSG. METHODS: Forty patients underwent LSG had more than 5-year follow-up with complete clinical data and food frequency questionnaires were analyzed...
June 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589402/the-preoperative-assessment-and-optimization-of-patients-undergoing-major-urological-surgery
#19
REVIEW
Helen W Cui, Benjamin W Turney, John Griffiths
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Improving patient outcomes from major urological surgery requires not only advancement in surgical technique and technology, but also the practice of patient-centered, multidisciplinary, and integrated medical care of these patients from the moment of contemplation of surgery until full recovery. This review examines the evidence for recent developments in preoperative assessment and optimization that is of relevance to major urological surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Current perioperative medicine recommendations aim to improve the short-term safety and long-term effectiveness of surgical treatments by the delivery of multidisciplinary integrated medical care...
July 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586290/non-contraceptive-benefits-of-intrauterine-levonorgestrel-administration-why-not
#20
Lorenzo Sabbioni, Felice Petraglia, Stefano Luisi
Levonorgestrel intrauterine systems (LNG-IUS) represent a modern therapy for an array of preexisting gynecological conditions, though they were first marketed in Finland in 1990. However, there are countries in which their use is extremely limited by social and cultural factors. This manuscript describes the possible reasons for this misuse, taking in consideration the clinical noncontraceptive benefits of intrauterine levonorgestrel in routinary practice. Medical diseases in which LNG-IUS represent a treatment include abnormal uterine bleeding, iron-deficiency anemia, endometrial hyperplasia, uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, endometriosis, and coagulopathies...
June 6, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
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