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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862111/how-can-we-improve-education-of-breast-surgeons-across-europe
#1
Agnieszka Kolacinska
The proposed global curriculum developed by the American Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) and the European Society of Surgical Oncology (ESSO) and the textbook: provides a state-of- the- art of breast cancer surgery, complements the syllabus and curriculum of the Union Europeenne des Medecins Specialistes (UEMS) examination in breast surgery/ European Board of Surgery Qualification in Breast Surgery (EBSQinBS) administered by ESSO (1) Knowledge and understanding of the principles of breast cancer incidence, aetiology, risk factors, genetics, premalignant and high-risk lesions, pathology, prognostic and predictive factors, risk prediction models, screening, diagnosis and imaging, breast cancer, oncoplastic, reconstructive breast surgery, axillary surgery and future perspective for this, radiation therapy, neoadjuvant and adjuvant systemic treatment- endocrine-, immuno- and chemotherapy, side effects and toxicities of treatment, locoregional recurrence, follow-up, locally advanced breast cancer, metastatic breast cancer, breast cancer in young and elderly patients, survivor issues, lymphedema, palliative care, chroni pain, body image and sexuality, fertility issues, cognitive functions, etc...
July 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857334/preventive-effects-of-an-intergenerational-program-on-age-related-hippocampal-atrophy-in-older-adults-the-reprints-study
#2
Ryota Sakurai, Kenji Ishii, Naoko Sakuma, Masashi Yasunaga, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Yoh Murayama, Mariko Nishi, Hayato Uchida, Shoji Shinkai, Yoshinori Fujiwara
OBJECTIVES: A growing body of literature indicates that social engagements, such as intergenerational programs, are effective strategies to improve a range of cognitive abilities. The present study examined whether the intergenerational program-REPRINTS-prevents age-related hippocampal atrophy. METHODS: After comprehensive baseline assessment, participants were allowed to decide whether to participate in the REPRINTS intervention or in the control group, which required only completion of assessments...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798672/learning-morse-code-alters-microstructural-properties-in-the-inferior-longitudinal-fasciculus-a-dti-study
#3
Lara Schlaffke, Alexander Leemans, Lauren M Schweizer, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Tobias Schmidt-Wilcke
Learning relies on neuroplasticity, which has mainly been studied in gray matter (GM). However, there is mounting evidence indicating a critical role of white matter changes involved in learning processes. One of the most important learning processes in human development is language acquisition. However, due to the length of this learning process, it has been notoriously difficult to investigate the underlying neuroplastic changes. Here, we report a novel learning paradigm to assess the role of white matter plasticity for language acquisition...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697006/book-review-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-clinical-reference-guide
#4
Gehaan F D'Souza, James E Zins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547293/nonsurgical-facial-rejuvenation-outcomes-and-safety-of-neuromodulator-and-soft-tissue-filler-procedures-performed-in-a-resident-cosmetic-clinic
#5
Ali A Qureshi, Rajiv P Parikh, Ketan Sharma, Terence M Myckatyn, Marissa M Tenenbaum
BACKGROUND: The ability to perform nonsurgical facial rejuvenation procedures is a core competency requirement for plastic surgery residents. However, limited data exist on training models to achieve competency in nonsurgical facial rejuvenation and on outcomes of these procedures performed by residents. The purpose here is to evaluate patient-reported outcomes and safety of nonsurgical facial rejuvenation procedures performed by plastic surgery residents. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 50 patients undergoing neuromodulator and/or soft-tissue filler injections in a resident cosmetic clinic between April and August 2016...
May 25, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385312/myocardial-reparative-properties-of-cardiac-mesenchymal-cells-isolated%C3%A2-on%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-basis-of-adherence
#6
Marcin Wysoczynski, Yiru Guo, Joseph B Moore, Senthilkumar Muthusamy, Qianhong Li, Marjan Nasr, Hong Li, Yibing Nong, Wenjian Wu, Alex A Tomlin, Xiaoping Zhu, Gregory Hunt, Anna M Gumpert, Michael J Book, Abdur Khan, Xian-Liang Tang, Roberto Bolli
BACKGROUND: The authors previously reported that the c-kit-positive (c-kit(POS)) cells isolated from slowly adhering (SA) but not from rapidly adhering (RA) fractions of cardiac mesenchymal cells (CMCs) are effective in preserving left ventricular (LV) function after myocardial infarction (MI). OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated whether adherence to plastic alone, without c-kit sorting, was sufficient to isolate reparative CMCs. METHODS: RA and SA CMCs were isolated from mouse hearts, expanded in vitro, characterized, and evaluated for therapeutic efficacy in mice subjected to MI...
April 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204935/a-review-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-aesthetic-surgery-patients-and-the-legal-implications
#7
Iliana E Sweis, Jamie Spitz, David R Barry, Mimis Cohen
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an often under-recognized yet severe psychiatric illness. There is limited guidance for plastic surgeons in the USA in how to recognize and manage patients with BDD and protect themselves from potential litigation and harm. Therefore, in collaboration with legal counsel, we remind our profession of the serious nature of patients with BDD, provide warning signs for recognizing BDD, and critically evaluate the validity of informed consent and the legal ramifications of operating on such patients in the USA...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195520/creating-colored-letters-familial-markers-of-grapheme-color-synesthesia-in-parietal-lobe-activation-and-structure
#8
Olympia Colizoli, Jaap M J Murre, H Steven Scholte, Romke Rouw
Perception is inherently subjective, and individual differences in phenomenology are well illustrated by the phenomenon of synesthesia (highly specific, consistent, and automatic cross-modal experiences, in which the external stimulus corresponding to the additional sensation is absent). It is unknown why some people develop synesthesia and others do not. In the current study, we tested whether neural markers related to having synesthesia in the family were evident in brain function and structure. Relatives of synesthetes (who did not have any type of synesthesia themselves) and matched controls read specially prepared books with colored letters for several weeks and were scanned before and after reading using magnetic resonance imaging...
July 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110501/worldwide-variability-in-growth-and-its-association-with-health-incorporating-body-composition-developmental-plasticity-and-intergenerational-effects
#9
REVIEW
Jonathan C K Wells
In their seminal book "Worldwide variation in human growth," published in 1976, Eveleth and Tanner highlighted substantial variability within and between populations in the magnitude and schedule of human growth. In the four decades since then, research has clarified why growth variability is so closely associated with human health. First, growth patterns are strongly associated with body composition, both in the short- and long-term. Poor growth in early life constrains the acquisition of lean tissue, while compensatory "catch-up" growth may elevate body fatness...
January 22, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062965/patient-satisfaction-and-clinical-outcomes-following-414-breast-reductions-application-of-breast-q
#10
A Cogliandro, M Barone, G Cassotta, S Tenna, B Cagli, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to measure breast satisfaction and quality of life using the BREAST-Q Reduction Module in a large sample of postoperative patients having breast reduction using the inverted T technique. METHODS: With due approval from the ethics committee of our university, 414 patients who were seen in consultation for breast reduction surgery between 2005 and 2015 performed by the same team were asked to fill out BREAST-Q surveys. The patient factors collected for all those undergoing breast reduction included age, body mass index, incision pattern, areola complex pedicle used, amount of tissue resected, concurrent procedures, and complications...
January 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058242/advertisements-for-children-s-entertainment-products-in-a-popular-parenting-magazine-sedentary-or-active
#11
Corey H Basch, Aleksandar Kecojevic, Valerie Cadorett, Charles E Basch
Background: The purpose of this study was to describe advertisements of children's entertainment products in a popular magazine, Parents, and to determine if they illustrated behavior that was physically active or sedentary. Methods: The sample was comprised of Parents magazines (January 2010 to December 2015). Coding involved determining if the advertisement was promoting sedentary or active behavior. Results: Nearly all of the 169 advertisements in the sample (n = 166; 97.6%) were for products that depicted sedentary behavior...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032175/patient-versus-surgeon-preferences-between-traditional-and-neo-omphaloplasty-in-post-bariatric-abdominoplasty
#12
Maria Gabriela Bonilha Vallim, Davi Reis Calderoni, Marco Antonio Camargo Bueno, Marcos Matias Motta, Rafael de Campos Ferreira Basso, Paulo Kharmandayan
BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty procedures have been proven highly valuable in promoting better quality of life for post-bariatric surgery patients. The literature reveals that the aspect of the navel is one of the most problematic issues regarding surgical results and many different surgical techniques have been proposed to obtain a satisfactory outcome. However, little is known about patients' preferences regarding these different techniques and their results. The aim of the present study was to compare evaluations made by plastic surgeons and patients of the results of two different techniques-traditional omphaloplasty and neo-omphaloplasty with lateral flaps...
February 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920373/human-influences-on-evolution-and-the-ecological-and-societal-consequences
#13
Andrew P Hendry, Kiyoko M Gotanda, Erik I Svensson
Humans have dramatic, diverse and far-reaching influences on the evolution of other organisms. Numerous examples of this human-induced contemporary evolution have been reported in a number of 'contexts', including hunting, harvesting, fishing, agriculture, medicine, climate change, pollution, eutrophication, urbanization, habitat fragmentation, biological invasions and emerging/disappearing diseases. Although numerous papers, journal special issues and books have addressed each of these contexts individually, the time has come to consider them together and thereby seek important similarities and differences...
January 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885151/sushruta-father-of-plastic-surgery-in-benares
#14
Khushbir Bath, Sourabh Aggarwal, Vishal Sharma
Sushruta has been regarded as one of the pioneers of surgery. He performed procedures with crude surgical instruments that paved the path for today's operations. However, his existence is shrouded in myth and mystery. Sushruta belonged to a rich heritage of learned scholars and practiced and taught surgery at Benares University around 600BC. His work is assembled into a monumental thesis, possibly the first text book on surgery, the 'Sushruta Samhita' where he describes surgical instruments, procedures, illnesses, medicinal plants and preparation, dissection and the study of human anatomy, embryology and fractures...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761083/neocollagenesis-and-neoelastinogenesis-from-the-laboratory-to-the-clinic
#15
REVIEW
Sujata R Mehta-Ambalal
An internet search was made looking for articles about chemical and physical modalities that are known to induce collagen and elastin formation. Textbooks, independent articles, journals and books on pathology, biochemistry, aesthetic medicine and cosmetic and plastic surgery were used as references. Here, we take a look at various studies, in vitro and in vivo, that lend credence to the products and procedures used in clinical practice to induce neocollagenesis and neoelastinogenesis.
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714448/paul-of-aegina-ca-625-690-ad-and-his-orthopaedic-surgical-reconstruction-of-the-preternatural-fingers
#16
REVIEW
Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos
Paul of Aegina lived in a era when the preservation of the ancient Greek tradition was for him almost a necessity. Eager to follow the dogma of "oρθoπo(ε)δώ" (orthopodo: pace with no malformation), he introduced a series of surgical operations of reconstructive-cosmetic-plastic-orthopaedic nature to confront any disfiguration of the human body. The aim of our study is to present the atmosphere of the era concerning the congenital malformations, describe briefly Paul's contribution on classic orthopaedics and present his views on the preternatural fingers...
January 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677823/burnout-in-the-plastic-surgeon-implications-and-interventions
#17
Christina Prendergast, Erika Ketteler, Gregory Evans
A career as a plastic surgeon is both rewarding and challenging. The road to becoming a surgeon is a long arduous endeavor and can bring significant challenges not only to the surgeon but their family. A study by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) suggested that over 40% of surgeons experience burnout and a recent survey of American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) showed that more than one-fourth of plastic surgeons have signs of professional burnout. Burnout is a state of physical and mental exhaustion...
September 27, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649374/a-dendritic-disinhibitory-circuit-mechanism-for-pathway-specific-gating
#18
Guangyu Robert Yang, John D Murray, Xiao-Jing Wang
While reading a book in a noisy café, how does your brain 'gate in' visual information while filtering out auditory stimuli? Here we propose a mechanism for such flexible routing of information flow in a complex brain network (pathway-specific gating), tested using a network model of pyramidal neurons and three classes of interneurons with connection probabilities constrained by data. We find that if inputs from different pathways cluster on a pyramidal neuron dendrite, a pathway can be gated-on by a disinhibitory circuit motif...
September 20, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453409/the-presentation-of-plastic-surgery-visual-data-from-1816-to-1916-the-evolution-of-reproducible-results
#19
REVIEW
M Felix Freshwater
All scientific data should be presented with sufficient accuracy and precision so that they can be both analyzed properly and reproduced. Visual data are the foundation upon which plastic surgeons advance knowledge. We use visual data to achieve reproducible results by discerning details of procedures and differences between pre- and post-surgery images. This review highlights how the presentation of visual data evolved from 1816, when Joseph Carpue published his book on nasal reconstruction to 1916, when Captain Harold Gillies began to treat over 2000 casualties from the Battle of the Somme...
September 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387467/book-review-review-of-plastic-surgery
#20
Leila L Touil, Kayvan Shokrollahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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