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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885151/sushruta-father-of-plastic-surgery-in-benares
#1
Khushbir Bath, Sourabh Aggarwal, Vishal Sharma
Sushruta has been regarded as one of the pioneers of surgery. He performed procedures with crude surgical instruments that paved the path for today's operations. However, his existence is shrouded in myth and mystery. Sushruta belonged to a rich heritage of learned scholars and practiced and taught surgery at Benares University around 600BC. His work is assembled into a monumental thesis, possibly the first text book on surgery, the 'Sushruta Samhita' where he describes surgical instruments, procedures, illnesses, medicinal plants and preparation, dissection and the study of human anatomy, embryology and fractures...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761083/neocollagenesis-and-neoelastinogenesis-from-the-laboratory-to-the-clinic
#2
Sujata R Mehta-Ambalal
An internet search was made looking for articles about chemical and physical modalities that are known to induce collagen and elastin formation. Textbooks, independent articles, journals and books on pathology, biochemistry, aesthetic medicine and cosmetic and plastic surgery were used as references. Here, we take a look at various studies, in vitro and in vivo, that lend credence to the products and procedures used in clinical practice to induce neocollagenesis and neoelastinogenesis.
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714448/paul-of-aegina-ca-625-690-ad-and-his-orthopaedic-surgical-reconstruction-of-the-preternatural-fingers
#3
Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos
Paul of Aegina lived in a era when the preservation of the ancient Greek tradition was for him almost a necessity. Eager to follow the dogma of "oρθoπo(ε)δώ" (orthopodo: pace with no malformation), he introduced a series of surgical operations of reconstructive-cosmetic-plastic-orthopaedic nature to confront any disfiguration of the human body. The aim of our study is to present the atmosphere of the era concerning the congenital malformations, describe briefly Paul's contribution on classic orthopaedics and present his views on the preternatural fingers...
October 7, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677823/burnout-in-the-plastic-surgeon-implications-and-interventions
#4
Christina Prendergast, Erika Ketteler, Gregory Evans
A career as a plastic surgeon is both rewarding and challenging. The road to becoming a surgeon is a long arduous endeavor and can bring significant challenges not only to the surgeon but their family. A study by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) suggested that over 40% of surgeons experience burnout and a recent survey of American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) showed that more than one-fourth of plastic surgeons have signs of professional burnout. Burnout is a state of physical and mental exhaustion...
September 27, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649374/a-dendritic-disinhibitory-circuit-mechanism-for-pathway-specific-gating
#5
Guangyu Robert Yang, John D Murray, Xiao-Jing Wang
While reading a book in a noisy café, how does your brain 'gate in' visual information while filtering out auditory stimuli? Here we propose a mechanism for such flexible routing of information flow in a complex brain network (pathway-specific gating), tested using a network model of pyramidal neurons and three classes of interneurons with connection probabilities constrained by data. We find that if inputs from different pathways cluster on a pyramidal neuron dendrite, a pathway can be gated-on by a disinhibitory circuit motif...
September 20, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453409/the-presentation-of-plastic-surgery-visual-data-from-1816-to-1916-the-evolution-of-reproducible-results
#6
REVIEW
M Felix Freshwater
All scientific data should be presented with sufficient accuracy and precision so that they can be both analyzed properly and reproduced. Visual data are the foundation upon which plastic surgeons advance knowledge. We use visual data to achieve reproducible results by discerning details of procedures and differences between pre- and post-surgery images. This review highlights how the presentation of visual data evolved from 1816, when Joseph Carpue published his book on nasal reconstruction to 1916, when Captain Harold Gillies began to treat over 2000 casualties from the Battle of the Somme...
September 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387467/book-review-review-of-plastic-surgery
#7
Leila L Touil, Kayvan Shokrollahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243791/a-paper-based-pop-up-electrochemical-device-for-analysis-of-beta-hydroxybutyrate
#8
Chien-Chung Wang, Jonathan W Hennek, Alar Ainla, Ashok A Kumar, Wen-Jie Lan, Judy Im, Barbara S Smith, Mengxia Zhao, George M Whitesides
This paper describes the design and fabrication of a "pop-up" electrochemical paper-based analytical device (pop-up-EPAD) to measure beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB)-a biomarker for diabetic ketoacidosis-using a commercial combination BHB/glucometer. Pop-up-EPADs are inspired by pop-up greeting cards and children's books. They are made from a single sheet of paper folded into a three-dimensional (3D) device that changes shape, and fluidic and electrical connectivity, by simply folding and unfolding the structure...
June 21, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222107/resident-cosmetic-clinic-practice-patterns-safety-and-outcomes-at-an-academic-plastic-surgery-institution
#9
Ali A Qureshi, Rajiv P Parikh, Terence M Myckatyn, Marissa M Tenenbaum
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive aesthetic surgery education is an integral part of plastic surgery residency training. Recently, the ACGME increased minimum requirements for aesthetic procedures in residency. To expand aesthetic education and prepare residents for independent practice, our institution has supported a resident cosmetic clinic for over 25 years. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety of procedures performed through a resident clinic by comparing outcomes to benchmarked national aesthetic surgery outcomes and to provide a model for resident clinics in academic plastic surgery institutions...
October 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220021/book-review-plastic-surgery-case-review-oral-board-study-guide-1st-edition-2014
#10
Wee Sim Khor, Kavit Amin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145359/oxford-handbook-of-adult-nursing-castledine-george-close-ann-oxford-handbook-of-adult-nursing-1252-oxford-university-press-9780199231355-0199231354-formula-see-text
#11
(no author information available yet)
This sturdy book with its plastic cover gives the impression it is expecting a great deal of use. It is a book to dip in and out of, and would be helpful in the clinical setting for quick reference, as well as for revision.
June 2, 2010: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966896/development-of-complementary-hplc-dad-apci-ms-methods-for-chemical-characterization-of-pharmaceutical-packaging-materials
#12
V Petruševski, S T Jolevska, J T Ribarska, M Chachorovska, A Petkovska, S Ugarković
The chemical characterization of plastics for pharmaceutical packaging has been subject to ever increasing regulatory scrutiny, the reasons for which being: a) plastic additives and degradation products can be extremely hazardous to the patients' health (especially patients on chronic therapy) and b) they offer no therapeutic or formulatory benefit whatsoever. The last decade has seen the issuing of several books, monographs and guidelines dealing with extractables and leachables, however the amount of scientific work done so far is still fairly small (the majority of it performed by only a few research groups), with only a small number of methods published in the literature...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26964033/book-review-hair-restoration-an-issue-of-facial-plastic-surgery-clinics-of-north-america
#13
Daniel John Jordan, Kayvan Shokrollahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26954741/price-transparency-in-the-online-age
#14
Jonathan L Kaplan, Parker H Mills
Plastic surgeons are sometimes hesitant to provide their pricing information online, due to several concerns. However, if implemented right, price transparency can be used as a lead generation tool that provides consumers with the pricing information they want and gives the physician the consumer's contact information for follow-up. This study took place during the author's first year in private practice in a new city. An interactive price transparency platform (ie, cost estimator) was integrated into his website, allowing consumers to submit a "wishlist" of procedures to check pricing on these procedures of interest...
May 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26893997/open-book-splitting-of-a-distally-based-peroneus-brevis-muscle-flap-to-cover-large-leg-and-ankle-defects
#15
Magdy Ahmed Abd-Al Moktader
UNLABELLED: Large soft-tissue defects in the lower leg and ankle are a major problem for plastic surgeons. Many local flaps that are either proximally or distally based have been previously described to cover small defects. Larger defects may require a distant flap that is either pedicled or free. The peroneus brevis muscle flap is a well-known distally based safe flap that is used to cover a small defect. METHODS: Ten distally based peroneus brevis muscle flaps were elevated in 10 patients (8 males and 2 females) with major lower third leg and ankle defects that were 6-12 cm in length and 6-10 cm in width, with open-book splitting of the proximal portion of the muscle to cover these large defects...
December 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815970/microvascular-reconstruction-of-the-upper-extremity
#16
Iain Whitaker, Ian C Josty, Vera C van-Aalst, Joseph C Banis, John H Barker
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity composite tissue defects may result from trauma, tumor resection, infection, or congenital malformations. When reconstructing these defects the ultimate objectives are to provide adequate soft tissue protection of vital structures, and to provide optimal functional and esthetic outcomes. The development of clinical microsurgery has added a large number of treatment options to the trauma surgeon's armamentarium - primarily replantation of amputated tissues and transplantation of vascularized tissues from distant donor sites...
February 2007: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26684836/unintentional-complications-after-uneventful-rhinoplasty-operations-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
Musa Kemal Keleş, İbrahim Alper Aksakal, Tae Hwan Park, Çağlayan Yağmur, İsmail Küçüker
INTRODUCTION: No surgical procedure is free of complications; however, some of these complications are unintentional. Plastic surgeons may be unfamiliar with certain complications after rhinoplasty operations. In this study, we aimed to present four unintentional complications that have occurred in our patients and review the literature related to these complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we conducted a review of 1400 patients who were operated on from 2007 to 2015...
February 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26462803/the-resurrection-of-a-species-sarcocystis-bovifelis-heydorn-et-al-1975-is-distinct-from-the-current-sarcocystis-hirsuta-in-cattle-and-morphologically-indistinguishable-from-sarcocystis-sinensis-in-water-buffaloes
#18
REVIEW
Bjørn Gjerde
In the mid-1970s, it was established through transmission experiments and ultrastructural studies of sarcocysts by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) that cattle was the intermediate host of three Sarcocystis spp. using dogs, cats and humans, respectively, as definitive hosts. The cat-transmitted species with microscopic sarcocysts was initially named Sarcocystis bovifelis, but it was soon renamed Sarcocystis hirsuta, since it was considered to be identical with a previously named species. In recent years, an apparently new species has been detected in cattle in several countries by molecular methods and TEM and found by both methods to be indistinguishable from Sarcocystis sinensis in water buffaloes...
January 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26321957/adaptation-of-the-spiders-to-the-environment-the-case-of-some-chilean-species
#19
REVIEW
Mauricio Canals, Claudio Veloso, Rigoberto Solís
Spiders are small arthropods that have colonized terrestrial environments. These impose three main problems: (i) terrestrial habitats have large fluctuations in temperature and humidity; (ii) the internal concentration of water is higher than the external environment in spiders, which exposes them continually to water loss; and (iii) their small body size determines a large surface/volume ratio, affecting energy exchange and influencing the life strategy. In this review we focus on body design, energetic, thermal selection, and water balance characteristics of some spider species present in Chile and correlate our results with ecological and behavioral information...
2015: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25785386/patient-access-in-plastic-surgery-an-operational-and-financial-analysis-of-service-based-interventions-to-improve-ambulatory-throughput-in-an-academic-surgery-practice
#20
Charles Scott Hultman, Wendell G Gilland, Samuel Weir
INTRODUCTION: Inefficient patient throughput in a surgery practice can result in extended new patient backlogs, excessively long cycle times in the outpatient clinics, poor patient satisfaction, decreased physician productivity, and loss of potential revenue. This project assesses the efficacy of multiple throughput interventions in an academic, plastic surgery practice at a public university. METHODS: We implemented a Patient Access and Efficiency (PAcE) initiative, funded and sponsored by our health care system, to improve patient throughput in the outpatient surgery clinic...
June 2015: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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