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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107693/attrition-among-iranian-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#1
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Fatemeh Oskouie, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi
Attrition is a major challenge facing nursing students that results in substantial costs on the education, health, and treatment systems across countries and can have an unwanted effect on the quality and quantity of health services provided as well as on the health of citizens. This descriptive study investigated nursing students' perceptions toward factors influencing attrition. We conducted a qualitative study using a content analysis approach. Nineteen students enrolled in nursing bachelor program were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
January 6, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107133/patient-feedback-on-orthodontic-therapist-student-outreach-training
#2
Robert S Ireland, Elizabeth M Hopkins
The introduction of orthodontic therapists as a new group of dental care professionals (DCPs) requires that their training in specialist orthodontic practices has provision for monitoring the level of supervision and clinical care provided by the students. The University of Warwick Diploma in Orthodontic Therapy programme has developed a patient questionnaire with the aim of assessing the patient's perception of the student. The observational questionnaire was designed to cover the four General Dental Council (GDC) domains and learning outcomes for orthodontic therapists, such that patient response could potentially provide valuable feedback to support the training programme...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106308/measuring-expectation-of-pain-contingent-negative-variation-in-placebo-and-nocebo-effects
#3
A Piedimonte, G Guerra, S Vighetti, E Carlino
BACKGROUND: Expectation is an important mechanism underlying placebo response. Here, we analysed expectation of placebo hypoalgesia and nocebo hyperalgesia by using, for the first time, the contingent negative variation (CNV), also known as expectancy wave. METHODS: Subjects were presented a green or red cue followed by a train of either non painful or painful electrical stimuli, and expected hypoalgesia after the green and hyperalgesia after the red cue. In experiment 1, expectation was reinforced using a conditioning procedure whereby the green and red cues were paired with non painful and painful stimuli, respectively (acquisition)...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105690/equip-training-the-trainers-an-evaluation-of-a-training-programme-for-service-users-and-carers-involved-in-training-mental-health-professionals-in-user-involved-care-planning
#4
C Fraser, A Grundy, O Meade, P Callaghan, K Lovell
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: UK NHS policy highlights the importance of user and carer involvement in health professional training. We know little about service user and carer motivations and experiences of accessing training courses for delivering training to health professionals and how well such courses prepare them for delivering training to healthcare professionals. 'Involvement' in training has often been tokenistic and too narrowly focused on preregistration courses. There is limited data on how best to prepare and support potential service user and carer trainers...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103818/a-qualitative-study-to-identify-barriers-to-deployment-and-student-training-in-the-use-of-automated-external-defibrillators-in-schools
#5
Line Zinckernagel, Carolina Malta Hansen, Morten Hulvej Rod, Fredrik Folke, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Student training in use of automated external defibrillators and deployment of such defibrillators in schools is recommended to increase survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Low implementation rates have been observed, and even at schools with a defibrillator, challenges such as delayed access have been reported. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to the implementation of defibrillator training of students and deployment of defibrillators in schools...
January 19, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103755/what-makes-a-better-smeller
#6
Asifa Majid, Laura Speed, Ilja Croijmans, Artin Arshamian
Olfaction is often viewed as difficult, yet the empirical evidence suggests a different picture. A closer look shows people around the world differ in their ability to detect, discriminate, and name odors. This gives rise to the question of what influences our ability to smell. Instead of focusing on olfactory deficiencies, this review presents a positive perspective by focusing on factors that make someone a better smeller. We consider three driving forces in improving olfactory ability: one's biological makeup, one's experience, and the environment...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103721/evidence-based-medicine-ebm-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-six-step-integrative-approach
#7
Hani Atwa, Adel Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, there is an increasing interest in practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM) to provide valid and up-to-date information about health problems and procedures for solving these problems. However, studying EBM among other medical education disciplines remains unsatisfactory. AIM: To design and pilot a basic course on EBM for undergraduate medical students in order to raise the awareness of the Saudi medical education community about this discipline...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#8
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101116/journey-to-motherhood-in-the-first-year-after-child-birth
#9
Nahid Javadifar, Fereshteh Majlesi, Alireza Nikbakht, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri
Objective: Child bearing is a period of psychological challenges that must be viewed in a social context. This study reports the maternal transition from the perspective of Iranian first-time mothers in the first year after childbirth. Materials and methods: Qualitative method was chosen for explanation of mothers' individual experiences of motherhood.26 first-time mothers (aged 18-35 years old with various socio-economic status) who had delivered between 0-1 year prior to the interviews participated in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100957/conditions-for-success-in-introducing-telemedicine-in-diabetes-foot-care-a-qualitative-inquiry
#10
Beate-Christin Hope Kolltveit, Eva Gjengedal, Marit Graue, Marjolein M Iversen, Sally Thorne, Marit Kirkevold
BACKGROUND: The uptake of various telehealth technologies to deliver health care services at a distance is expanding; however more knowledge is needed to help understand vital components for success in using telehealth in different work settings. This study was part of a larger trial designed to investigate the effect of an interactive telemedicine platform. The platform consisted of a web based ulcer record linked to a mobile phone to provide care for people with diabetic foot ulcers in outpatient clinics in specialist hospital care in collaboration with primary health care...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100138/perceptions-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-correctional-health-care-providers
#11
Christine Costa, Pamela Lusk
Collaborative practice is a health care standard that improves patient outcomes through maximizing the use of resources and mutual work of all health care providers. Since collaborative practice depends on interdisciplinary communication, effective communication training for health care participants is imperative for success. This article presents the results of research that studied perceptions of interdisciplinary communication and collaborative practice among 24 health care personnel in three correctional facilities in Orange County, California...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099036/another-generation-of-stigma-assessing-healthcare-student-perceptions-of-hiv-positive-patients-in-mwanza-tanzania
#12
Sahil Aggarwal, Debora H Lee, William B Minteer, Reece T H Fenning, Shella K Raja, Megan E Bernstein, Kaavya R Raman, Sean P Denny, Priya A Patel, Mark Lieber, Allison O Farfel, Catherine A Diamond
HIV-related stigma remains a persistent global health concern among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWA) in developing nations. The literature is lacking in studies about healthcare students' perceptions of PLWA. This study is the first effort to understand stigmatizing attitudes toward HIV-positive patients by healthcare students in Mwanza, Tanzania, not just those who will be directly treating patients but also those who will be indirectly involved through nonclinical roles, such as handling patient specimens and private health information...
January 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097471/experiences-and-perceptions-regarding-clinical-breast-exam-screening-by-trained-laywomen-in-malawi
#13
Racquel E Kohler, Anna R Miller, Lily Gutnik, Clara N Lee, Satish Gopal
PURPOSE: Despite the increasing burden, breast cancer control in sub-Saharan Africa is insufficient. Late diagnosis and lack of early detection and screening services contribute to high mortality. Clinical breast exam (CBE) screening can be valuable in low-income countries, including use of community health workers and non-health professionals to conduct exams. We assessed experiences of women who underwent CBE screening by trained laywomen in Lilongwe, Malawi, as part of a pilot program...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095911/mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-and-experiences-of-women-and-healthcare-providers
#14
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Modupe Ogunlade, Agnes A Oyeniran, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Loveth Metiboba, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Global efforts have increased facility-based childbirth, but substantial barriers remain in some settings. In Nigeria, women report that poor provider attitudes influence their use of maternal health services. Evidence also suggests that women in Nigeria may experience mistreatment during childbirth; however, there is limited understanding of how and why mistreatment this occurs. This study uses qualitative methods to explore women and providers' experiences and perceptions of mistreatment during childbirth in two health facilities and catchment areas in Abuja, Nigeria...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095076/impaired-player-coach-perceptions-of-exertion-and-recovery-during-match-congestion
#15
Steven H Doeven, Michel S Brink, Wouter G P Frencken, Koen A P M Lemmink
: During intensified phases of competition, attunement of exertion and recovery is crucial to maintain performance. Although a mismatch between coach' and players' perceptions of training load is demonstrated, it is unknown if these discrepancies also exist for match exertion and recovery. PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to determine match exertion, subsequent recovery and to investigate to what extent the coach is able to estimate players' match exertion and recovery...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094586/perceptions-of-occupational-therapists-on-the-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act-five-years-after-its-enactment
#16
Hon K Yuen, Hillary S Spicher, Madelyn R Semon, Leah M Winwood, Brian J Dudgeon
This study explored the perceptions of occupational therapists regarding the impact and implications of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA or ACA) on occupational therapy practice. Fifteen occupational therapists participated in an interview to answer open-ended questions related to their thoughts and perceptions regarding the impact and implications of the ACA on their practice. The participants were practicing in eight different states and worked in five different settings with clinical experience ranging from 3 to 38 years; their positions ranged from staff therapist to owner of a free-standing outpatient clinic...
January 17, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094187/midwives-perceptions-and-experiences-of-engaging-fathers-in-perinatal-services
#17
Holly Rominov, Rebecca Giallo, Pamela D Pilkington, Thomas A Whelan
BACKGROUND: The active engagement of fathers in maternity care is associated with long-term benefits for the father, their partner, and their child. Midwives are ideally placed to engage fathers, but few studies have explored midwives' experiences of working with men. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe midwives' perceptions and experiences of engaging fathers in perinatal services. METHOD: A multi-method approach was utilised. Registered midwives (N=106) providing perinatal services to families in Australia participated in an online survey...
January 13, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092773/how-does-a-newly-encountered-face-become-familiar-the-effect-of-within-person-variability-on-adults-and-children-s-perception-of-identity
#18
Kristen A Baker, Sarah Laurence, Catherine J Mondloch
Adults and children aged 6years and older easily recognize multiple images of a familiar face, but often perceive two images of an unfamiliar face as belonging to different identities. Here we examined the process by which a newly encountered face becomes familiar, defined as accurate recognition of multiple images that capture natural within-person variability in appearance. In Experiment 1 we examined whether exposure to within-person variability in appearance helps children learn a new face. Children aged 6-13years watched a 10-min video of a woman reading a story; she was filmed on a single day (low variability) or over three days, across which her appearance and filming conditions (e...
January 13, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092492/self-care-in-palliative-care-nursing-and-medical-professionals-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Jason Mills, Timothy Wand, Jennifer A Fraser
BACKGROUND: Self-care is an important consideration for palliative care professionals. To date, few details have been recorded about the nature or uptake of self-care practices in the palliative care workforce. As part of a broader mixed methods study, this article reports findings from a national survey of nurses and doctors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine perceptions, education, and practices relating to self-care among palliative care nursing and medical professionals...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091782/adaptation-perceptual-learning-and-plasticity-of-brain-functions
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan C Horton, Manfred Fahle, Theo Mulder, Susanne Trauzettel-Klosinski
The capacity for functional restitution after brain damage is quite different in the sensory and motor systems. This series of presentations highlights the potential for adaptation, plasticity, and perceptual learning from an interdisciplinary perspective. The chances for restitution in the primary visual cortex are limited. Some patterns of visual field loss and recovery after stroke are common, whereas others are impossible, which can be explained by the arrangement and plasticity of the cortical map. On the other hand, compensatory mechanisms are effective, can occur spontaneously, and can be enhanced by training...
January 14, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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