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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342617/a-study-of-stigma-among-iranian-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-descriptive-explorative-qualitative-study
#1
Reza Masoudi, Fereydoon Khayeri, Leili Rabiei, Kourosh Zarea
AIM: This study was done to investigate the experiences of family caregivers of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) about stigmatization in Iranian health care context. BACKGROUND: Stigmatization has been observed obviously among patients with MS but few studies have been conducted on stigma among the family caregivers of these patients. METHODS: This qualitative study with thematic analysis was done to explore this issue. Fourteen family caregivers of patients with MS were selected by purposive sampling...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337944/the-influence-of-gate-start-position-on-physical-performance-and-anxiety-perception-in-expert-bmx-athletes
#2
Franck Di Rienzo, Guillaume Martinent, Lucie Levêque, Tadhg MacIntyre, Christian Collet, Aymeric Guillot
The critical importance of the start phase in bicycle motocross (BMX) racing is increasingly acknowledged. Past experiments underlined that the internal lane of the starting gate provides a strong positional advantage. However, how lane position affects start performance and cognitive and somatic state anxiety remains unexplored. We examined the start performance and anxiety responses of youth national-level BMX riders in both experimental and ecological contexts. We used contextualization motor imagery routines to evaluate start performance and state anxiety from the internal and external lanes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337687/assessing-the-culture-of-residency-using-the-c-change-resident-survey-validity-evidence-in-34-u-s-residency-programs
#3
Linda H Pololi, Arthur T Evans, Janet T Civian, Sandy Shea, Robert T Brennan
BACKGROUND: A practical instrument is needed to reliably measure the clinical learning environment and professionalism for residents. OBJECTIVE: To develop and present evidence of validity of an instrument to assess the culture of residency programs and the clinical learning environment. DESIGN: During 2014-2015, we surveyed residents using the C - Change Resident Survey to assess residents' perceptions of the culture in their programs. PARTICIPANTS: Residents in all years of training in 34 programs in internal medicine, pediatrics, and general surgery in 14 geographically diverse public and private academic health systems...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336570/task-dependent-behavioral-dynamics-make-the-case-for-temporal-integration-in-multiple-strategies-during-odor-processing
#4
Donald E Frederick, Austin Brown, Stephanie Tacopina, Nisarg Mehta, Mark Vujovic, Elizabeth Brim, Tasneem Amina, Bethany Fixsen, Leslie M Kay
Differing results in olfactory-based decision-making research regarding the amount of time that rats and mice use to identify odors have led to some disagreements about odor processing mechanics, including whether or not rodents use temporal integration (i.e., sniffing longer to identify odors better). Reported differences in behavioral strategies may be due to the different types of tasks used in different laboratories. Some researchers have reported that animals performing two-alternative choice (TAC) tasks need only 1-2 sniffs and do not increase performance with longer sampling...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336155/emergency-nurses-perceptions-of-emergency-department-preparedness-for-an-ebola-outbreak-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#5
Mihirika Sds Pincha Baduge, Cheryle Moss, Julia Morphet
BACKGROUND: Ebola Virus Disease is highly contagious and has high mortality. In 2014, when the outbreak in West Africa was declared a public health emergency, emergency departments in Australia commenced preparation and vigilance for people presenting with ebola like symptoms, to limit spread of the disease. RESEARCH AIM: To examine Australian emergency nurses' perceptions regarding their own and their emergency departments' preparedness to manage an ebola outbreak...
March 20, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335729/study-protocol-for-the-sofia-project-swallowing-function-oral-health-and-food-intake-in-old-age-a-descriptive-study-with-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Patricia Hägglund, Lena Olai, Katri Ståhlnacke, Mona Persenius, Mary Hägg, Maria Andersson, Susanne Koistinen, Eva Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Extensive studies have shown that older people are negatively impacted by impaired eating and nutrition. The abilities to eat, enjoy food, and participate in social activities associated with meals are important aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after illness. This project aims to (i) describe and analyze relationships between oral health and oral HRQoL, swallowing ability, eating ability, and nutritional risk among older individuals admitted to short-term care; (ii) compare the perceptions that older individuals and staff report on care quality related to oral hygiene and eating; and (iii) study the feasibility and effects of a training program for people with impaired swallowing (i...
March 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334612/computing-by-robust-transience-how-the-fronto-parietal-network-performs-sequential-category-based-decisions
#7
Warasinee Chaisangmongkon, Sruthi K Swaminathan, David J Freedman, Xiao-Jing Wang
Decision making involves dynamic interplay between internal judgements and external perception, which has been investigated in delayed match-to-category (DMC) experiments. Our analysis of neural recordings shows that, during DMC tasks, LIP and PFC neurons demonstrate mixed, time-varying, and heterogeneous selectivity, but previous theoretical work has not established the link between these neural characteristics and population-level computations. We trained a recurrent network model to perform DMC tasks and found that the model can remarkably reproduce key features of neuronal selectivity at the single-neuron and population levels...
March 22, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334505/effectiveness-of-an-evidence-based-practice-nurse-mentor-training-program
#8
LeeAnna Spiva, Patricia L Hart, Sara Patrick, Jessica Waggoner, Charon Jackson, Jamie L Threatt
BACKGROUND: Multiple reasons are cited for why nurses do not incorporate evidence into clinical practice, including lack of knowledge and skills, training, time, and organizational support. AIMS: To investigate the effectiveness of a mentor training program on mentors' perceptions of knowledge, attitude, skill, and confidence levels, and organizational readiness related to evidence-based practice (EBP) and research utilization; and to investigate the effectiveness of creating a formalized structure to enculturate EBP in order to prepare nurses to incorporate EBP into clinical practice on nurses' perceptions of knowledge, attitude, skill levels, barriers, nursing leadership, and organizational support related to EBP and research utilization...
March 23, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334476/implementing-guidelines-for-preventing-identifying-and-treating-adolescent-overweight-and-obesity-school-nurses-perceptions-of-the-challenges-involved
#9
Sølvi Helseth, Kirsti Riiser, Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Nina Misvaer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to gain a better understanding of school nurses' perceptions of the challenges involved in implementing national guidelines on managing overweight and obesity in adolescents. BACKGROUND: National guidelines for the management of childhood overweight and obesity are developed in many countries to translate scientific knowledge into practice. However, several challenges are involved in their implementation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative design with focus group interviews was chosen for data collection...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334346/directional-asymmetries-in-vowel-perception-of-adult-nonnative-listeners-do-not-change-over-time-with-language-experience
#10
Buddhamas Pralle Kriengwatana, Paola Escudero
Purpose: This study tested an assumption of the Natural Referent Vowel (Polka & Bohn, 2011) framework, namely, that directional asymmetries in adult vowel perception can be influenced by language experience. Method: Data from participants reported in Escudero and Williams (2014) were analyzed. Spanish participants categorized the Dutch vowels /aː/ and /ɑ/ in 2 separate sessions: before and after vowel distributional training. Sessions were 12 months apart. Categorization was assessed using the XAB task, where on each trial participants heard 3 sounds sequentially (first X, then A, then B) and had to decide whether X was more similar to A or B...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333982/understanding-health-policy-leaders-training-needs
#11
Carey Roth Bayer, L Lerissa Smith, Renée Volny Darko, Marissa McKool, Fengxia Yan, Harry Heiman
PURPOSE: We assessed the training needs of health policy leaders and practitioners across career stages; identified areas of core content for health policy training programs; and, identified training modalities for health policy leaders. METHODS: We convened a focus group of health policy leaders at varying career stages to inform the development of the Health Policy Leaders' Training Needs Assessment tool. We piloted and distributed the tool electronically. We used descriptive statistics and thematic coding for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333260/commentary-on-resident-and-program-director-perceptions-of-aesthetic-training-in-plastic-surgery-residency-an-update
#12
Susie Rhee, James C Grotting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333253/resident-and-program-director-perceptions-of-aesthetic-training-in-plastic-surgery-residency-an-update
#13
Ahmed M Hashem, Joshua T Waltzman, Gehaan F D'Souza, Cagri Cakmakoglu, Kayshap Komarraju Tadisina, Jeffrey M Kenkel, James E Zins
Background: This is the third survey exploring the quality of cosmetic training in plastic surgery residency. We focused on determining: (1) the applied modalities and extent of resident exposure; and (2) resident confidence in performing variable cosmetic procedures. Objectives: To analyze trends in resident exposure and confidence in aesthetic plastic surgery procedures from the standpoint of program directors (PDs) and residents. Methods: The survey was developed and e-mailed to 424 residents enrolled in the ASAPS Residents Program and 95 PDs...
March 3, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333246/commentary-on-resident-and-program-director-perceptions-of-aesthetic-training-in-plastic-surgery-residency-an-update
#14
Ali A Qureshi, Marissa M Tenenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333194/aesthetic-surgery-fellowship-selection-criteria-a-national-fellowship-director-survey
#15
Francesco M Egro, Ololade T Saliu, Foad Nahai, Vu T Nguyen
Background: Desirable candidate characteristics for aesthetic surgery fellowship applicants remain unknown because of a lack of data in the literature. Objectives: This study aims to identify the criteria used to select applicants for aesthetic surgery fellowship in the United States. Methods: A 38-question survey was sent in April 2015 to all directors of fellowships endorsed by the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (n = 20) in the United States...
February 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332313/-with-a-touch-of-a-button-staff-perceptions-on-integrating-technology-in-an-irish-service-provider-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#16
Stacy Clifford Simplican, Carolyn Shivers, June Chen, Geraldine Leader
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities continue to underutilize technology, in part due to insufficient training. Because support staff professionals provide instructional support, how they perceive integrating new technologies is important for people with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: The authors conducted a sequential mixed-methods exploratory study (quan→QUAL) including quantitative data from online surveys completed by 46 staff members and qualitative data from five focus groups attended by 39 staff members...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332121/impairment-in-emotion-perception-from-body-movements-in-individuals-with-bipolar-i-and-bipolar-ii-disorder-is-associated-with-functional-capacity
#17
Anja Vaskinn, Trine Vik Lagerberg, Thomas D Bjella, Carmen Simonsen, Ole A Andreassen, Torill Ueland, Kjetil Sundet
BACKGROUND: Individuals with bipolar disorder present with moderate impairments in social cognition during the euthymic state. The impairment extends to theory of mind and to the perception of emotion in faces and voices, but it is unclear if emotion perception from body movements is affected. The main aim of this study was to examine if participants with bipolar disorder perform worse than healthy control participants on a task using point-light displays of human full figures moving in a manner indicative of a basic emotion (angry, happy, sad, fearful, neutral/no emotion)...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332114/training-the-gut-for-athletes
#18
REVIEW
Asker E Jeukendrup
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract plays a critical role in delivering carbohydrate and fluid during prolonged exercise and can therefore be a major determinant of performance. The incidence of GI problems in athletes participating in endurance events is high, indicating that GI function is not always optimal in those conditions. A substantial body of evidence suggests that the GI system is highly adaptable. Gastric emptying as well as stomach comfort can be "trained" and perceptions of fullness decreased; some studies have suggested that nutrient-specific increases in gastric emptying may occur...
March 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331498/electroconvulsive-therapy-use-in-youth-in-the-province-of-quebec
#19
Annie Loiseau, Marie-Claude Harrisson, Vincent Beaudry, Simon Patry
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy's (ECT) safety and tolerability is well-established in the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders in adults, but has been less studied in youth. The aim of the present study was to describe the use of ECT in youth in Quebec City and obtain Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists' (CAP) perceptions in the province of Quebec. METHODS: The authors reviewed charts of minors who received ECT treatment in the Quebec City metropolitan area between 1995 and 2014 (part 1)...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331455/exploring-patient-caregiver-and-healthcare-provider-perceptions-of-caring-for-patients-with-heart-failure-what-are-the-implications
#20
Betty M Kennedy, Vijayendra Jaligam, Beverly K Conish, William D Johnson, Brian Melancon, Peter T Katzmarzyk
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is an incurable and frequently progressive disease. Symptoms of HF may impair the ability of patients to perform daily living activities. As HF progresses, patients typically increase their reliance on caregivers. The purpose of this study was to determine what roles patients and caregivers perceive and desire for themselves in managing HF and to compare and contrast these roles with those perceived by healthcare providers. METHODS: A purposive sample (60 patients, 22 caregivers, and 11 healthcare providers) was enrolled in the study...
2017: Ochsner Journal
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