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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919409/physiotherapy-managers-perceptions-of-their-leadership-effectiveness-a-multi-frame-analysis
#1
Emer McGowan, Cathal Walsh, Emma Stokes
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the leadership frames of physiotherapy managers in Ireland. To be effective leaders in today's challenging healthcare environment physiotherapy managers must employ a comprehensive, adaptable and balanced leadership style. DESIGN: This was a purposive, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Physiotherapy managers were surveyed using the Bolman and Deal Leadership Orientations Instrument...
July 18, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918466/evaluating-a-website-to-teach-children-safety-with-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
David C Schwebel, Peng Li, Leslie A McClure, Joan Severson
Dog bites represent a significant threat to child health. Theory-driven interventions scalable for broad dissemination are sparse. A website was developed to teach children dog safety via increased knowledge, improved cognitive skills in relevant domains, and increased perception of vulnerability to bites. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 69 children aged 4-5 randomly assigned to use the dog safety website or a control transportation safety website for ~3 weeks. Assessment of dog safety knowledge and behavior plus skill in three relevant cognitive constructs (impulse control, noticing details, and perspective-taking) was conducted both at baseline and following website use...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918063/long-lasting-musical-training-modifies-language-processing-a-dichotic-fused-word-test-study
#3
L Sebastiani, E Castellani
Musical training modifies neural areas associated with both music and language and enhances speech perception and discrimination by engaging the right hemisphere regions classically associated with music processing. On these bases we hypothesized that participants with extended musical training could have reduced left-hemisphere dominance for speech. In order to verify this hypothesis, two groups of right-handed individuals, one with long-term musical training and one with no musical training, participated to a Dichotic Fused Word Test consisting in the simultaneous presentation of different pairs of rhyming words and pseudo-words, one to the left ear and one to the right one...
January 1, 2016: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917686/physical-activity-promotion-for-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-physiotherapists-beliefs-and-actions
#4
Toni L Williams, Brett Smith, Anthony Papathomas
PURPOSE: It is vital that people with spinal cord injury (SCI) lead a physically active lifestyle to promote long term health and well-being. Yet within rehabilitation and upon discharge into the community, people with SCI are largely inactive. Physiotherapists are well placed to promote a physically active lifestyle and are valued and trusted messengers of physical activity (PA) by people with SCI. Therefore this study aimed to explore the perceptions of physiotherapists in SCI rehabilitation on PA for people with SCI, and what is done to promote PA...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917574/student-perceptions-of-exodontia-competency-assessment-in-a-uk-dental-school
#5
R Redford, C Durkan, V Sivarajasingam, C Emanuel
INTRODUCTION: Modern medical and dental training has migrated from assessing only the quantity of procedures performed to a combined assessment of both competency and quantity. This study explores student perceptions of competency assessment in exodontia at a UK dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were distributed to dental students in years three, four and five at the School of Dentistry, Cardiff University (n=149). Responses consisted of dichotomous tick boxes and 5-point Likert scales, with thematic analysis of free-text responses...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914374/the-effects-of-exposure-and-training-on-the-perception-of-time-compressed-speech-in-native-versus-nonnative-listeners
#6
Karen Banai, Yizhar Lavner
The present study investigated the effects of language experience on the perceptual learning induced by either brief exposure to or more intensive training with time-compressed speech. Native (n = 30) and nonnative (n = 30) listeners were each divided to three groups with different experiences with time-compressed speech: A trained group who trained on the semantic verification of time-compressed sentences for three sessions, an exposure group briefly exposed to 20 time-compressed sentences, and a group of naive listeners...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914168/short-term-trained-lexical-categories-affect-preattentive-shape-perception-evidence-from-vmm
#7
Mengxia Yu, Ce Mo, Tianyu Zeng, Sasa Zhao, Lei Mo
Perceptual processing of colors and shapes in the right visual field is modulated by the lexical category information of the stimuli, a phenomenon known as the lateralized Whorfian effect. For color stimuli, lateralized Whorfian effect is characterized by preattentive occurrence and dependency on acquired lexical information, but it remains unknown whether these key features are generalizable to other domains of perceptual processing. Here, we investigated whether lateralized Whorfian effect in the shape perception domain also depends on acquired lexical category and occurs preattentively using ERPs...
December 3, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913166/dose-dependent-effect-of-donepezil-administration-on-long-term-enhancement-of-visually-evoked-potentials-and-cholinergic-receptor-overexpression-in-rat-visual-cortex
#8
Mira Chamoun, Marianne Groleau, Menakshi Bhat, Elvire Vaucher
Stimulation of the cholinergic system tightly coupled with periods of visual stimulation boosts the processing of specific visual stimuli via muscarinic and nicotinic receptors in terms of intensity, priority and long-term effect. However, it is not known whether more diffuse pharmacological stimulation with donepezil, a cholinesterase inhibitor, is an efficient tool for enhancing visual processing and perception. The goal of the present study was to potentiate cholinergic transmission with donepezil treatment (0...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911929/evolution-of-communities-in-the-medical-sciences-evidence-from-the-medical-words-network
#9
Amir H Shirazi, Arash Badie Modiri, Sara Heydari, Jennifer L Rohn, Gholam R Jafari, Ali R Mani
BACKGROUND: Classification of medical sciences into its sub-branches is crucial for optimum administration of healthcare and specialty training. Due to the rapid and continuous evolution of medical sciences, development of unbiased tools for monitoring the evolution of medical disciplines is required. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Network analysis was used to explore how the medical sciences have evolved between 1980 and 2015 based on the shared words contained in more than 9 million PubMed abstracts...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909799/thyroid-gland-visualization-with-3d-4d-ultrasound-integrated-hands-on-imaging-in-anatomical-dissection-laboratory
#10
John L Carter, Ankura Patel, Gabriel Hocum, Brion Benninger
PURPOSE: In teaching anatomy, clinical imaging has been utilized to supplement the traditional dissection laboratory promoting education through visualization of spatial relationships of anatomical structures. Viewing the thyroid gland using 3D/4D ultrasound can be valuable to physicians as well as students learning anatomy. The objective of this study was to investigate the perceptions of first-year medical students regarding the integration of 3D/4D ultrasound visualization of spatial anatomy during anatomical education...
December 1, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909748/temporal-prediction-abilities-are-mediated-by-motor-effector-and-rhythmic-expertise
#11
Fiona C Manning, Jennifer Harris, Michael Schutz
Motor synchronization is a critical part of musical performance and listening. Recently, motor control research has described how movements that contain more available degrees of freedom are more accurately timed. Previously, we demonstrated that stick tapping improves perception in a timing detection task, where percussionists greatly outperformed non-percussionists only when tapping along. Since most synchronization studies implement finger tapping to examine simple motor synchronization, here we completed a similar task where percussionists and non-percussionists synchronized using finger tapping; movement with fewer degrees of freedom than stick tapping...
December 1, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909390/child-welfare-involved-parents-and-pathways-triple-p-perceptions-of-program-acceptability-and-appropriateness
#12
Ericka M Lewis, Megan Feely, Kristen D Seay, Nicole Fedoravicis, Patricia L Kohl
Nearly half of children in the child welfare system have clinically significant behavior problems and are at risk of developing disruptive behavioral disorders. Yet, behavioral parent training interventions, which are the most effective way to treat these problems, are rarely provided to child welfare involved families. As a result, little is known about the acceptability and appropriateness of these parent training interventions with these families. This qualitative study explored implementation outcomes of an evidenced-based parenting intervention, Pathways Triple P, with families in the child welfare system...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909361/an-exploration-of-canadian-physiotherapists-decisions-about-whether-to-supervise-physiotherapy-students-results-from-a-national-survey
#13
Mark Hall, Cheryl Poth, Patricia Manns, Lauren Beaupre
Purpose: To explore Canadian physiotherapists' perceptions of the factors that influence their decisions whether to supervise students in clinical placements. Methods: Using accepted survey development methodology, a survey was developed and administered to 18,110 physiotherapists to identify which factors contribute to the decision to supervise students. The survey also gave respondents opportunities to provide comments; these were analyzed via directed content analysis, using the factors identified in an exploratory factor analysis as an organizing structure...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909357/perceptions-of-leadership-comparing-canadian-and-irish-physiotherapists-views
#14
Emer McGowan, Gillian Martin, Emma Stokes
Purpose: To contribute to the growing body of research on leadership in physiotherapy by comparing leadership-related perceptions of physiotherapists in Ireland and in Canada. Methods: This article compares the results of a survey of Canadian physiotherapists with those of the same survey administered to Irish physiotherapists. The results of both studies have previously been reported and are used here to allow a cultural comparison of the perceptions of physiotherapists. The present study used two-portion Z-tests to compare the percentage of physiotherapists in Ireland who self-declared as a leader with the percentage of physiotherapists in Canada who did so...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908974/effects-of-a-humor-therapy-program-on-stress-levels-in-pediatric-inpatients
#15
Julio C Sánchez, Luis F Echeverri, Manuel J Londoño, Sergio A Ochoa, Andrés F Quiroz, César R Romero, Joaquín O Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: Disease and hospitalization generate stress, which can affect the response to treatment. Humor has been used in many hospitals to decrease stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a humor therapy program on stress levels in pediatric inpatients. METHODS: In the first phase, an intervention and a control group were studied over 2 consecutive 3-month periods; the interventions were performed by a team of artists trained in humor therapy...
December 1, 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905653/-perceptions-of-faculty-members-and-students-about-undergraduate-training-in-primary-health-care
#16
Mario Parada-Lezcano, María Inés Romero S, Fabián Moraga Cortés
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if medical education is preparing physicians to successfully work at primary health care settings. AIM: To explore what are the perceptions of faculty members and students about the type of physician needed and if medical education is coherent with the practice of primary health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen semi-structured interviews to key informants from faculty members and ten focus groups with students were carried out...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905202/care-in-subsequent-pregnancies-following-stillbirth-an-international-survey-of-parents
#17
A M Wojcieszek, F M Boyle, J M Belizán, J Cassidy, P Cassidy, Jjhm Erwich, L Farrales, M M Gross, Aep Heazell, S H Leisher, T Mills, M Murphy, K Pettersson, C Ravaldi, J Ruidiaz, D Siassakos, R M Silver, C Storey, A Vannacci, P Middleton, D Ellwood, V Flenady
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of additional care, and parents' perceptions of quality, respectful care, in pregnancies subsequent to stillbirth. DESIGN: Multi-language web-based survey. SETTING: International. POPULATION: A total of 2716 parents, from 40 high- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Data were obtained from a broader survey of parents' experiences following stillbirth. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and stratified by geographic region...
November 30, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904743/frontline-worker-perceptions-of-medication-safety-in-india
#18
Sangeeta Sharma, Fauzia Tabassum, Sarbjeet Khurana, Kaveri Kapoor
BACKGROUND: To explore interprofessionals' perceptions about patient safety, particularly medication safety and associated factors and barriers. METHODS: A total of 389 respondents were recruited using convenience sample in the cross sectional survey. RESULTS: Medication safety was perceived as somewhat safe (60%). One-third of respondents witnessed 3-4 or more medication errors (MEs) within the past 1 year. Out of that, one quarter were reportedly, sentinel events...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904305/minnesota-pharmacists-and-medical-cannabis-a-survey-of-knowledge-concerns-and-interest-prior-to-program-launch
#19
Joy Hwang, Tom Arneson, Wendy St Peter
OBJECTIVES: To assess Minnesota pharmacists' preparedness for the state's medical cannabis program in terms of professional competency in policies and regulations and in pharmacotherapy, as well as their concerns and perceptions about the impact on their practice. The secondary objective was to identify pharmacists' perceptions about ways to reduce potential gaps in knowledge. METHODS: A Web-based 14-item questionnaire was distributed to all pharmacists whose email addresses were registered with the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy...
November 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904237/do-physiotherapists-have-the-skill-to-engage-in-the-psychological-in-the-bio-psychosocial-approach
#20
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: To describe a cross-sectional exploration of attitudes of physiotherapists in general practice in Western Australia toward psychiatry and mental illness, how often they treat people with mental illness, their perceptions of how well their undergraduate education prepared them to work with these people, and their opinions about what further education would enable them to provide best-practice care. Methods: A questionnaire that included questions about participants' demographic information, personal experiences with mental illness, the Attitudes to Psychiatry (ATP-30), and open-ended questions about participants' preparedness to work with people with mental illness was distributed through 110 email contacts to physiotherapy departments in Western Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
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