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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334306/learning-science-as-a-potential-new-source-of-understanding-and-improvement-for-continuing-education-and-continuing-professional-development
#1
Thomas J Van Hoof, Terrence J Doyle
Learning science is an emerging interdisciplinary field that offers educators key insights about what happens in the brain when learning occurs. In addition to explanations about the learning process, which includes memory and involves different parts of the brain, learning science offers effective strategies to inform the planning and implementation of activities and programs in continuing education and continuing professional development. This article provides a brief description of learning, including the three key steps of encoding, consolidation and retrieval...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333174/a-quantitative-framework-for-assessing-ecological-resilience
#2
Didier L Baho, Craig R Allen, Ahjond S Garmestani, Hannah B Fried-Petersen, Sophia E Renes, Lance H Gunderson, David G Angeler
Quantitative approaches to measure and assess resilience are needed to bridge gaps between science, policy and management. In this paper, we revisit definitions of resilience and suggest a quantitative framework for assessing ecological resilience sensu Holling (1973). Ecological resilience as an emergent ecosystem phenomenon can be decomposed into complementary attributes (scales, adaptive capacity, thresholds and alternative regimes) that embrace the complexity inherent to ecosystems. Quantifying these attributes simultaneously provides opportunities to move from the assessment of specific resilience within an ecosystem towards a broader measurement of its general resilience...
September 1, 2017: Ecology and Society: a Journal of Integrative Science for Resilience and Sustainability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331902/the-use-of-interprofessional-learning-and-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-to-address-interprofessional-communication-and-collaboration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Benedikte M Granheim, Julie M Shaw, Martha Mansah
OBJECTIVE: To identify how simulation and interprofessional learning are used together in undergraduate nursing programs and undertaken in schools of nursing to address interprofessional communication and collaboration. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, PsycInfo and Science Direct were searched to identify articles from 2006 to 2016 that reported on the use of IPL and simulation together in undergraduate nursing education...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329293/cognitive-deficits-and-educational-loss-in-children-with-schistosome-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Amara E Ezeamama, Amaya L Bustinduy, Allan K Nkwata, Leonardo Martinez, Noel Pabalan, Michael J Boivin, Charles H King
BACKGROUND: By means of meta-analysis of information from all relevant epidemiologic studies, we examined the hypothesis that Schistosoma infection in school-aged children (SAC) is associated with educational loss and cognitive deficits. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This review was prospectively registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42016040052). Medline, Biosis, and Web of Science were searched for studies published before August 2016 that evaluated associations between Schistosoma infection and cognitive or educational outcomes...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329288/soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-loss-of-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Noel Pabalan, Eloisa Singian, Lani Tabangay, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Michael J Boivin, Amara E Ezeamama
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an adverse influence of soil transmitted helminth (STH) infections on cognitive function and educational loss is equivocal. Prior meta-analyses have focused on randomized controlled trials only and have not sufficiently explored the potential for disparate influence of STH infection by cognitive domain. We re-examine the hypothesis that STH infection is associated with cognitive deficit and educational loss using data from all primary epidemiologic studies published between 1992 and 2016...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328872/the-sustainability-of-evidence-based-interventions-and-practices-in-public-health-and-health-care
#6
Rachel C Shelton, Brittany Rhoades Cooper, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman
There is strong interest in implementation science to address the gap between research and practice in public health. Research on the sustainability of evidence-based interventions has been growing rapidly. Sustainability has been defined as the continued use of program components at sufficient intensity for the sustained achievement of desirable program goals and population outcomes. This understudied area has been identified as one of the most significant translational research problems. Adding to this challenge is uncertainty regarding the extent to which intervention adaptation and evolution are necessary to address the needs of populations that differ from those in which interventions were originally tested or implemented...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328864/building-evidence-for-health-green-buildings-current-science-and-future-challenges
#7
J G Cedeño-Laurent, A Williams, P MacNaughton, X Cao, E Eitland, J Spengler, J Allen
Civilizational challenges have questioned the status quo of energy and material consumption by humans. From the built environment perspective, a response to these challenges was the creation of green buildings. Although the revolutionary capacity of the green building movement has elevated the expectations of new commercial construction, its rate of implementation has secluded the majority of the population from its benefits. Beyond reductions in energy usage and increases in market value, the main strength of green buildings may be the procurement of healthier building environments...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328295/bright-nanowire-single-photon-source-based-on-siv-centers-in-diamond
#8
L Marseglia, K Saha, A Ajoy, T Schröder, D Englund, F Jelezko, R Walsworth, J L Pacheco, D L Perry, E S Bielejec, P Cappellaro
The practical implementation of many quantum technologies relies on the development of robust and bright single photon sources that operate at room temperature. The negatively charged silicon-vacancy (SiV-) color center in diamond is a possible candidate for such a single photon source. However, due to the high refraction index mismatch to air, color centers in diamond typically exhibit low photon out-coupling. An additional shortcoming is due to the random localization of native defects in the diamond sample...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327981/hiv-aids-outreach-curriculum-development-and-skills-training-to-health-and-information-professionals
#9
Gretchen M Kuntz, Nancy Schaefer, Hannah F Norton, Michele R Tennant
With funding from the National Library of Medicine HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Program (ACIOP), librarians at the University of Florida Health Sciences Libraries partnered with university and community groups to facilitate collaboration, develop new information resources, develop information-seeking skills, and raise general awareness surrounding HIV/AIDS risks, prevention, and treatment. This article describes the skills development elements of the project, including development and implementation of an HIV/AIDS information resource curriculum for health care providers, social services professionals, and public librarians within the project's partner organizations...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327681/updated-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-guidelines-for-treatment-of-head-and-neck-cancers-2010-2017
#10
Małgorzata Wierzbicka, Joanna Napierała
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic and therapeutic recommendations have been changing over the years to improve treatment outcomes and quality of life of Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to present currently recommended Head and Neck Cancer treatment guidelines based on the literature review with particular emphasis on novel approaches the NCCN algorithms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The review of literature covering articles published in the last five years and pointing out essential changes in HNC treatment regarding evidence based medicine...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323832/influences-of-a-church-based-intervention-on-falls-risk-among-seniors
#11
Morgan Briggs, Jeffrey A Morzinski, Julie Ellis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior studies illustrate that community-based programs effectively decrease falls risk in older adults and that faith-based programs improve health behaviors. The literature is unclear whether faith-based initiatives reduce seniors' fall risks. To tackle this gap, a long-term partnership led by 10 urban churches, a nearby nursing school, and a medical school developed a study with 3 objectives: determine baseline health concerns associated with falls (eg, depression, polypharmacy), implement a nurse-led, faith-based health education initiative for community-dwelling African American seniors at-risk of hospitalization, and assess pre- to post -program fall frequency...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323810/hospital-medicine-and-fellowship-program-in-rural-north-dakota-a-multifaceted-success-story
#12
S S Hyder, Mary Amundson
INTRODUCTION: Recruitment of hospitalists and primary care physicians for Critical Access Hospitals and tertiary care hospitals in North Dakota is difficult. To address this challenge, 2 programs were implemented in Bismarck, North Dakota. METHODS: St. Alexius Medical Center created a hospitalist fellowship training program in collaboration with the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences and physicians willing to work in Critical Access Hospitals were offered a joint appointment to teach hospitalist fellows and obtain a clinical academic appointment at the university...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323401/-efficacy-of-interventions-with-video-games-consoles-in-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#13
J H Ortiz-Huerta, M Perez-de-Heredia-Torres, V Guijo-Blanco, M Santamaria-Vazquez
INTRODUCTION: In recent years video games and games consoles have been developed that are potentially useful in rehabilitation, which has led to studies conducted to evaluate the degree of efficacy of these treatments for people following a stroke. AIM: To analyse the literature available related to the effectiveness of applying video games consoles in the functional recovery of the upper extremities in subjects who have survived a stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted in the CINHAL, Medline, PEDro, PsycArticles, PsycInfo, Science Direct, Scopus and Web of Science databases, using the query terms 'video game', 'stroke', 'hemiplegia', 'upper extremity' and 'hemiparesis'...
January 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322939/public-health-psychopharmacology-a-new-research-discipline-comes-of-age
#14
C Barbui, G Ostuzzi, B Godman
Research evidence guiding the identification of pragmatic and effective actions aimed at improving the selection, availability, affordability and rational prescribing of medicines for mental disorders is sparse and inconsistent. In order to boost the development of new research, in this commentary we suggest to organise and classify all the activities in this area under a common theoretical framework and nomenclature, adopting the term 'public health psychopharmacology'. Public health psychopharmacology is proposed as a research discipline, based on contributions from the fields of regulatory science, health services research and implementation science...
February 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322916/cells-in-experimental-life-sciences-challenges-and-solution-to-the-rapid-evolution-of-knowledge
#15
EDITORIAL
Sirarat Sarntivijai, Alexander D Diehl, Yongqun He
Cell cultures used in biomedical experiments come in the form of both sample biopsy primary cells, and maintainable immortalised cell lineages. The rise of bioinformatics and high-throughput technologies has led us to the requirement of ontology representation of cell types and cell lines. The Cell Ontology (CL) and Cell Line Ontology (CLO) have long been established as reference ontologies in the OBO framework. We have compiled a series of the challenges and the proposals of solutions in this CELLS (Cells in ExperimentaL Life Sciences) thematic series that cover the grounds of standing issues and the directions, which were discussed in the First International Workshop on CELLS at the the International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO)...
December 21, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321046/application-of-causal-inference-methods-in-the-analyses-of-randomised-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Ruth E Farmer, Daphne Kounali, A Sarah Walker, Jelena Savović, Alison Richards, Margaret T May, Deborah Ford
BACKGROUND: Applications of causal inference methods to randomised controlled trial (RCT) data have usually focused on adjusting for compliance with the randomised intervention rather than on using RCT data to address other, non-randomised questions. In this paper we review use of causal inference methods to assess the impact of aspects of patient management other than the randomised intervention in RCTs. METHODS: We identified papers that used causal inference methodology in RCT data from Medline, Premedline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science from 1986 to September 2014, using a forward citation search of five seminal papers, and a keyword search...
January 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320600/providing-physicians-with-feedback-on-medication-adherence-for-people-with-chronic-diseases-taking-long-term-medication
#17
REVIEW
Vincent Zaugg, Virginie Korb-Savoldelli, Pierre Durieux, Brigitte Sabatier
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence decreases treatment efficacy and worsens clinical outcomes, but average rates of adherence to long-term pharmacological treatments for chronic illnesses are only about 50%. Interventions for improving medication adherence largely focus on patients rather than on physicians; however, the strategies shown to be effective are complex and difficult to implement in clinical practice. There is a need for new care models addressing the problem of medication adherence, integrating this problem into the patient care process...
January 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320494/sexually-transmitted-infections-in-the-era-of-antiretroviral-based-hiv-prevention-priorities-for-discovery-research-implementation-science-and-community-involvement
#18
Jeanne M Marrazzo, Julia C Dombrowski, Kenneth H Mayer
Jeanne M. Marrazzo and colleagues join PLOS Medicine's Collection on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of STIs with a Perspective on HIV research imperatives in our time of effective viral suppression and pre-exposure prophylaxis.
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318829/-key-points-of-poverty-alleviation-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-industry-and-classification-of-recommended-chinese-herbal-medicines
#19
Lu-Qi Huang, Gang-Qiang Su, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Xiao-Ming Sun, Xiao-Jun Wu, Lan-Ping Guo, Meng Li, Hui Wang, Zhi-Xian Jing
To build a well-off society in an all-round way, eliminate poverty, improve people's livelihood and improve the level of social and economic development in poverty-stricken areas is the frontier issues of the government and science and technology workers at all levels. Chinese herbal medicine is the strategic resource of the people's livelihood, Chinese herbal medicine cultivation is an important part of China's rural poor population income. As most of the production of Chinese herbal medicine by the biological characteristics of their own and the interaction of natural ecological environment factors, showing a strong regional character...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318607/the-profile-of-diabetes-healthcare-professionals-in-indonesia-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
T Ligita, K Wicking, N Harvey, J Mills
AIM: To explore and synthesize evidence of the literature about healthcare professionals involved in the provision of diabetes management within an Indonesian context. BACKGROUND: Indonesia is challenged to control the major burden of diabetes prevalence rate that requires a multidimensional approach with the aim to optimize existing health services by involving healthcare professionals who can promote access and provide diabetes management. METHODS: This literature review, which is integrated with a scoping study framework, used the electronic databases including CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science to locate papers particular to the Indonesian context...
January 10, 2018: International Nursing Review
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