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osteoporosis protein intake

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416193/chronic-hyponatremia-due-to-the-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuresis-siad-in-an-adult-woman-with-corpus-callosum-agenesis-cca
#1
Marcelo Augusto Duarte Silveira, Antônio Carlos Seguro, Jukelson Barbosa da Silva, Marcia Fernanda Arantes de Oliveira, Victor Faria Seabra, Bernardo Vergara Reichert, Camila Eleutério Rodrigues, Lucia Andrade
BACKGROUND Corpus callosum agenesis (CCA) is one of the most common congenital brain abnormalities, and is associated with neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders. In CCA, defects in osmoregulation have been reported. This report presents a rare case of chronic hyponatremia associated with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) in a woman with CCA. CASE REPORT A 41-year-old woman presented to the renal unit with symptomatic hyponatremia. In her past medical history, she had a four-year history of systemic arterial hypertension and Sjögren's syndrome, and a three-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which was treated with cyclophosphamide...
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273601/intrauterine-programming-of-glucocorticoid-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-axis-mediated-developmental-origin-of-osteoporosis-susceptibility-in-female-offspring-rats-of-prenatal-caffeine-exposure
#2
Yangfan Shangguan, Yinxian Wen, Yang Tan, Jun Qin, Hongqiang Jiang, Jacques Magdalou, Liaobin Chen, Hui Wang
Epidemiologic investigations suggest that excessive intake of caffeine during pregnancy is one of the risk factors for osteoporosis in adult offspring. However, the phenomena and mechanisms have remained obscure. This study found that prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) leads to persistent bone dysplasia in gestational day 20 and postnatal week offspring rats and increases the susceptibility to osteoporosis in postnatal week 28 offspring rats. In the embryonic period, PCE increases the concentration of serum corticosterone and inhibits the expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) and osteogenic differentiation genes...
September 28, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247998/cow-s-milk-consumption-and-health-a-health-professional-s-guide
#3
Franca Marangoni, Luisa Pellegrino, Elvira Verduci, Andrea Ghiselli, Roberto Bernabei, Riccardo Calvani, Irene Cetin, Michelangelo Giampietro, Francesco Perticone, Luca Piretta, Rosalba Giacco, Carlo La Vecchia, Maria Luisa Brandi, Donatella Ballardini, Giuseppe Banderali, Stefano Bellentani, Giuseppe Canzone, Claudio Cricelli, Pompilio Faggiano, Nicola Ferrara, Evelina Flachi, Stefano Gonnelli, Claudio Macca, Paolo Magni, Giuseppe Marelli, Walter Marrocco, Vito Leonardo Miniello, Carlo Origo, Filomena Pietrantonio, Paolo Silvestri, Roberto Stella, Pasquale Strazzullo, Ersilia Troiano, Andrea Poli
The most recent scientific evidence supports the consumption of cow's milk and dairy products as part of a balanced diet. However, these days, the public and practicing physicans are exposed to a stream of inconsistent (and often misleading) information regarding the relationship between cow's milk intake and health in the lay press and in the media. The purpose of this article, in this context, is to facilitate doctor-patient communication on this topic, providing physicians with a series of structured answers to frequently asked patient questions...
September 24, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098424/sarcopenia
#4
Anne Tournadre, Gaelle Vial, Frédéric Capel, Martin Soubrier, Yves Boirie
Sarcopenia is defined as a combination of low muscle mass with low muscle function. The term was first used to designate the loss of muscle mass and performance associated with aging. Now, recognized causes of sarcopenia also include chronic disease, a physically inactive lifestyle, loss of mobility, and malnutrition. Sarcopenia should be differentiated from cachexia, which is characterized not only by low muscle mass but also by weight loss and anorexia. Sarcopenia results from complex and interdependent pathophysiological mechanisms that include aging, physical inactivity, neuromuscular compromise, resistance to postprandial anabolism, insulin resistance, lipotoxicity, endocrine factors, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and inflammation...
August 8, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950549/-body-weight-and-bone-calcium-metabolism-treatment-of-osteoporosis-with-diabetes
#5
Atsushi Suzuki
Nutritional guidance and exercise should be beneficial as well as pharmacotherapy in life style-related diseases including diabetes and osteoporosis. Sufficient and appropriate energy intake with protein, calcium and vitamin D is good for bone and muscles in osteoporotic patient. Diabetes patients are often recommended to reduce body weight. However, losing weight could be related to bone loss. Therefore, we should pay attention to keep balance between glucose metabolism and bone metabolism in the patients with both diseases...
2018: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922706/soy-protein-improves-tibial-whole-bone-and-tissue-level-biomechanical-properties-in-ovariectomized-and-ovary-intact-low-fit-female-rats
#6
Pamela S Hinton, Laura C Ortinau, Rebecca K Dirkes, Emily L Shaw, Matthew W Richard, Terese Z Zidon, Steven L Britton, Lauren G Koch, Victoria J Vieira-Potter
Background: Osteoporosis and related fractures, decreased physical activity, and metabolic dysfunction are serious health concerns for postmenopausal women. Soy protein might counter the negative effects of menopause on bone and metabolic health due to the additive or synergistic effects of its bioactive components. Objective: To evaluate the effects of ovariectomy (OVX) and a soy-protein diet (SOY) on bone outcomes in female, low-capacity running (LCR) rats selectively bred for low aerobic fitness as a model of menopause...
June 2018: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921374/regulation-of-vitamin-d-receptor-and-genistein-on-bone-metabolism-in-mouse-osteoblasts-and-the-molecular-mechanism-of-osteoporosis
#7
C F Ye, Y M Pan, H Zhou
The aim of this work was to study the mechanisms of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and Genistein (Gen) on the regulation of bone metabolism of phytoestrogens from cellular and epidemiological perspectives. MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with different concentrations of Gen, and the cell-proliferation rate was detected by an MTT colorimetric assay. The effect of the VDR receptor blocker ZK159222 on the Gen effect was then observed; after adding Gen to MC3T3-E1 cells, we detected the expression of VDR protein via Western blotting...
May 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796671/prolonged-exposure-to-monosodium-glutamate-in-healthy-young-adults-decreases-perceived-umami-taste-and-diminishes-appetite-for-savory-foods
#8
Corinna A Noel, Graham Finlayson, Robin Dando
Background: Research suggests that increased consumption of sweet, salt, or fat is associated with diminished perceived taste intensity and shifted preferences for the respective stimulus. It is unknown whether a similar effect occurs with the consumption of umami. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of habitual exposure to umami stimuli on umami taste perception, hedonics, and satiety. Methods: Fifty-eight healthy men (n = 16) and women (n = 42) participated in a parallel-group, randomized controlled study...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740667/benefits-and-safety-of-dietary-protein-for-bone-health-an-expert-consensus-paper-endorsed-by-the-european-society-for-clinical-and-economical-aspects-of-osteopororosis-osteoarthritis-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-and-by-the-international-osteoporosis-foundation
#9
REVIEW
R Rizzoli, E Biver, J-P Bonjour, V Coxam, D Goltzman, J A Kanis, J Lappe, L Rejnmark, S Sahni, C Weaver, H Weiler, J-Y Reginster
A summary of systematic reviews and meta-analyses addressing the benefits and risks of dietary protein intakes for bone health in adults suggests that dietary protein levels even above the current RDA may be beneficial in reducing bone loss and hip fracture risk, provided calcium intakes are adequate. Several systematic reviews and meta-analyses have addressed the benefits and risks of dietary protein intakes for bone health in adults. This narrative review of the literature summarizes and synthesizes recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses and highlights key messages...
May 8, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713797/whole-egg-consumption-and-cortical-bone-in-healthy-children
#10
L M Coheley, J M Kindler, E M Laing, A Oshri, K M Hill Gallant, S J Warden, M Peacock, C M Weaver, R D Lewis
Eggs contain bioactive compounds thought to benefit pediatric bone. This cross-sectional study shows a positive link between childhood egg intake and radius cortical bone. If randomized trials confirm our findings, incorporating eggs into children's diets could have a significant impact in preventing childhood fractures and reducing the risk of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: This study examined the relationships between egg consumption and cortical bone in children. METHODS: The cross-sectional study design included 294 9-13-year-old black and white males and females...
August 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593198/associations-between-intake-of-dietary-fermented-soy-food-and-concentrations-of-inflammatory-markers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japanese-workers
#11
Xiaolin Yang, Mariko Nakamoto, Emi Shuto, Akiko Hata, Nanako Aki, Yosuke Shikama, Yukiko Bando, Takako Ichihara, Takako Minamigawa, Yumi Kuwamura, Ayako Tamura, Hirokazu Uemura, Kokichi Arisawa, Makoto Funaki, Tohru Sakai
Epidemiological investigations have shown that consumption of soybeans or soy foods reduces the risk of the development of cardiovascular disease, cancer and osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to determine the associations between different soy foods and inflammatory markers, including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-18, in Japanese workers. The cross-sectional study included 1,426 Japanese workers (1,053 men and 373 women) aged 20 to 64 years. Intake of 12 soy foods was estimated by a validated food frequency questionnaire...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490662/vegetarian-style-dietary-pattern-during-adolescence-has-long-term-positive-impact-on-bone-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Elham Z Movassagh, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Saija Kontulainen, Susan Whiting, Michael Szafron, Hassan Vatanparast
BACKGROUND: The amount of bone accrued during adolescence is an important determinant of later osteoporosis risk. Little is known about the influence of dietary patterns (DPs) on the bone during adolescence and their potential long-term implications into adulthood. We examined the role of adolescent DPs on adolescent and young adult bone and change in DPs from adolescence to young adulthood. METHODS: We recruited participants from the Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study (1991-2011)...
February 28, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474360/animal-versus-plant-protein-and-adult-bone-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-from-the-national-osteoporosis-foundation
#13
REVIEW
Marissa M Shams-White, Mei Chung, Zhuxuan Fu, Karl L Insogna, Micaela C Karlsen, Meryl S LeBoff, Sue A Shapses, Joachim Sackey, Jian Shi, Taylor C Wallace, Connie M Weaver
BACKGROUND: Protein may have both beneficial and detrimental effects on bone health depending on a variety of factors, including protein source. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effects of animal versus plant protein intake on bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC) and select bone biomarkers in healthy adults. METHODS: Searches across five databases were conducted through 10/31/16 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective cohort studies in healthy adults that examined the effects of animal versus plant protein intake on 1) total body (TB), total hip (TH), lumbar spine (LS) or femoral neck (FN) BMD or TB BMC for at least one year, or 2) select bone formation and resorption biomarkers for at least six months...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469014/effect-of-mineral-status-and-glucocorticoid-use-on-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#14
Nayane R Pierote, Amanda F Braz, Susy L Barros, José M Moita Neto, José Miguel L Parente, Maria da Cruz M Silva, Mayara S Beserra, Nina Rosa M Soares, Dilina N Marreiro, Nadir do Noscimento Nogueira
OBJECTIVES: Crohn's disease (CD) is a condition that is characterized by chronic inflammation. The presence of multifactorial pathogenesis that results from inflammation is associated with low micronutrient consumption and glucocorticoid use, which may be related to bone health. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between dietary mineral intake and glucocorticoid use in bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with CD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 62 patients with CD ages 20 y to 40 y measured their macro- and micronutrient intake with a 3-d food record...
April 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355093/dietary-fat-intake-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-among-visfatin-genotype-in-obese-people
#15
Leila Khorrami-Nezhad, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Zhila Maghbooli, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
Osteoporosis and adipose tissue are closely related with many contradictions. Visfatin is an adipokine that is related to osteoporosis and adiposity. This nutrigenomics study examined the interaction between visfatin genotypes and dietary fat intake, with regard to bone mineral density (BMD) among an obese population. In this cross-sectional study, 336 subjects were enrolled; the mean age was 38·25 (sd 11·69) years and the mean BMI was 31·79 (sd 4·77) kg/m2. Laboratory measurements were lipid profile, insulin and fasting blood sugar...
January 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332935/novel-treatment-strategies-for-chronic-kidney-disease-insights-from-the-animal-kingdom
#16
REVIEW
Peter Stenvinkel, Johanna Painer, Makoto Kuro-O, Miguel Lanaspa, Walter Arnold, Thomas Ruf, Paul G Shiels, Richard J Johnson
Many of the >2 million animal species that inhabit Earth have developed survival mechanisms that aid in the prevention of obesity, kidney disease, starvation, dehydration and vascular ageing; however, some animals remain susceptible to these complications. Domestic and captive wild felids, for example, show susceptibility to chronic kidney disease (CKD), potentially linked to the high protein intake of these animals. By contrast, naked mole rats are a model of longevity and are protected from extreme environmental conditions through mechanisms that provide resistance to oxidative stress...
April 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063213/high-dairy-protein-intake-is-associated-with-greater-bone-strength-parameters-at-the-distal-radius-and-tibia-in-older-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
L Langsetmo, J M Shikany, A J Burghardt, P M Cawthon, E S Orwoll, J A Cauley, B C Taylor, J T Schousboe, D C Bauer, T N Vo, K E Ensrud
Dairy protein but not plant protein was associated with bone strength of the radius and tibia in older men. These results are consistent with previous results in women and support similar findings related to fracture outcomes. Bone strength differences were largely due to thickness and area of the bone cortex. INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to determine the association of protein intake by source (dairy, non-dairy animal, plant) with bone strength and bone microarchitecture among older men...
January 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742311/an-analysis-of-selected-risk-factors-of-osteoporosis-%C3%A2-dietary-patterns-and-physical-activity-%C3%A2-in-pubescent-girls-from-the-lubelskie-province
#18
Anna Czeczuk, Elżbieta Huk-Wieliczuk, Agnieszka Dmitruk, Helena Popławska
INTRODUCTION: Peak bone mass is modulated by intrinsic (genetic) and extrinsic factors, such as diet, physical activity, stimulants and medications. Approximately 80-85% of peak bone mass is achieved during puberty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze selected risk factors for osteoporosis, specifically diet and physical activity, in 10- to 15-year-old girls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 461 girls from Eastern Poland (Lublin Province)...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733716/osteosarcopenia-where-bone-muscle-and-fat-collide
#19
REVIEW
H P Hirschfeld, R Kinsella, G Duque
As the world's population ages, the prevalence of chronic diseases increases. Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are two conditions that are associated with aging, with similar risk factors that include genetics, endocrine function, and mechanical factors. Additionally, bone and muscle closely interact with each other not only anatomically, but also chemically and metabolically. Fat infiltration, a phenomenon observed in age-related bone and muscle loss, is highly prevalent and more severe in sarcopenic and osteoporotic subjects...
October 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723699/intraoperative-bleeding-in-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-type-iii-treated-by-fassier-duval-femoral-rodding-analysis-of-risk-factors
#20
Pietro Persiani, Maria V Pesce, Lorena Martini, Filippo M Ranaldi, Patrizia D'Eufemia, Anna Zambrano, Mauro Celli, Ciro Villani
The surgical treatment of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is negatively influenced by clinical features such as osteoporosis, limb deformities and bone changes caused by bisphosphonate therapy. Blood loss during femoral nailing surgeries in patients with OI is a serious problem. Platelet anomalies have been associated with an elevation of the serum pyrophosphate originating from the platelets during clotting, even if the causality with the platelet dysfunction has not yet been established. To identify predictive risk factors regarding intraoperative bleeding, a retrospective analysis was conducted on 23 patients aged between 6 and 13 years, affected by OI type III, who were treated to correct femoral deformities or to perform an osteosynthesis for femoral shaft fractures, using the Fassier-Duval telescopic nail...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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