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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079138/spatiotemporal-pattern-of-pm2-5-concentrations-in-mainland-china-and-analysis-of-its-influencing-factors-using-geographically-weighted-regression
#1
Jieqiong Luo, Peijun Du, Alim Samat, Junshi Xia, Meiqin Che, Zhaohui Xue
Based on annual average PM2.5 gridded dataset, this study first analyzed the spatiotemporal pattern of PM2.5 across Mainland China during 1998-2012. Then facilitated with meteorological site data, land cover data, population and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) data, etc., the contributions of latent geographic factors, including socioeconomic factors (e.g., road, agriculture, population, industry) and natural geographical factors (e.g., topography, climate, vegetation) to PM2.5 were explored through Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) model...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061952/anti-mycobacterial-function-of-macrophages-is-impaired-in-a-diet-induced-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#2
Md Abdul Alim, Suchandan Sikder, Tahnee L Bridson, Catherine M Rush, Brenda L Govan, Natkunam Ketheesan
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is one of the major risk factors for tuberculosis (TB). In this study, a diet induced murine model of T2D (DIMT2D) was developed and characterized in the context of metabolic, biochemical and histopathological features following diet intervention. Mycobacterial susceptibility was investigated using Mycobacterium fortuitum as a surrogate. Phagocytic capability of alveolar macrophages and resident peritoneal macrophages were determined by in vitro assays using mycolic acid coated beads and M...
January 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043386/initial-development-of-babesia-ovata-in-the-tick-midgut
#3
Hiroki Maeda, Takeshi Hatta, M Abdul Alim, Daigo Tsubokawa, Fusako Mikami, Kodai Kusakisako, Makoto Matsubayashi, Rika Umemiya-Shirafuji, Naotoshi Tsuji, Tetsuya Tanaka
The initial development of Babesia ovata in the midgut of the vector tick Haemaphysalis longicornis has been demonstrated through in vitro and in vivo studies. Although the research on the partial developmental cycles of B. ovata in the tick midgut was performed in our previous study by using ticks fed on experimentally B. ovata-infected cattle, detailed information on the developmental stages of B. ovata in H. longicornis was limited. This report describes the sequential development of stages of B. ovata in an in vitro study using B...
January 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012905/a-cysteine-protease-from-spirometra-erinaceieuropaei-plerocercoid-is-a-critical-factor-for-host-tissue-invasion-and-migration
#4
Daigo Tsubokawa, Takeshi Hatta, Hiroki Maeda, Fusako Mikami, Yukinobu Goso, Takeshi Nakamura, M Abdul Alim, Naotoshi Tsuji
Sparganosis in humans caused by the plerocercoid larvae of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei is found worldwide, especially in Eastern Asia and the Far East. Previous studies have suggested that dissolution of plerocercoid body, plerocercoid invasion of host tissue, and migration are important processes for sparganosis progression. However, the mechanisms underlying these processes have yet to be determined. Here, we demonstrated the enzymatic property and involvement of a native 23kDa cysteine protease (Se23kCP), purified from plerocercoids, in sparganosis pathogenesis...
December 22, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008194/role-of-courtyard-counselling-meeting-in-improving-household-food-safety-knowledge-and-practices-in-munshiganj-district-of-bangladesh
#5
Baizid Khoorshid Riaz, Md Abdul Alim, Anm Shamsul Islam, Km Bayzid Amin, Mohammad Abul Bashar Sarker, Khaled Hasan, Md Noor Ashad-Uz-Zaman, Shahjada Selim, Salman Quaiyum, Emdadul Haque, Shah Monir Hossain, John Ryder, Rokeya Khanam
Unsafe food is linked to the deaths of an estimated two million people annually. Food containing harmful agents is responsible for more than 200 diseases ranging from diarrhoea to cancers. A one-sample pilot intervention study was conducted to evaluate the role of courtyard counselling meetings as the means of intervention for improving food safety knowledge and practices among household food handlers in a district of Bangladesh. The study was conducted in three phases: a baseline survey, the intervention and an end-line survey between April and November 2015 where 194 food handlers took part...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007491/a-novel-experimental-method-for-penile-augmentation-urethroplasty-with-a-combination-of-buccal-mucosa-and-amniotic-membrane-in-a-rabbit-model
#6
Mustafa Güneş, Muammer Altok, Özlem Özmen, Mehmet Umul, Alime Güneş, Ercan Baş, Zafer Özyildiz, Tolga Taha Sönmez, Hikmet Orhan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the results of penile urethral reconstruction using amniotic membrane (AM) and buccal mucosa (BM) grafts, and the simultaneous use of both in a rabbit model. METHODS: A total of 28 male rabbits were divided into 4 groups according to grafting style:Group 1(AM), Group 2(BM), Group 3(BM+AM), and Group 4(sham). A standardized urethral defect was created in the three initial groups. The sham group underwent only a ventral vertical urethral incision and primary re-suturation...
December 19, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998799/phospholipid-complex-enriched-micelles-a-novel-drug-delivery-approach-for-promoting-the-antidiabetic-effect-of-repaglinide
#7
Ahmed Alaa Kassem, Sameh Hosam Abd El-Alim, Mona Basha, Abeer Salama
To enhance the oral antidiabetic effect of repaglinide (RG), a newly emerging approach, based on the combination of phospholipid complexation and micelle techniques, was employed. Repaglinide-phospholipid complex (RG-PLC) was prepared by the solvent-evaporation method then characterized using Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XPRD). The results revealed obvious disappearance of the characteristic peaks of the prepared RG-PLCs confirming the formation of drug-phospholipid complex...
December 17, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996197/co-adsorption-on-gapd-unravelling-the-chemical-bonding-in-real-space
#8
Sebastián Alarcón Villaseca, Alim Ormeci, Sergey V Levchenko, Robert Schlögl, Yuri Grin, Marc Armbrüster
The electron localizability indicator - an efficient quantum chemical tool for analysis of chemical bonding - is applied to unveil the chemical bonding behind the CO adsorption on the (-1-1-1) surface of the highly selective semi-hydrogenation catalyst GaPd. Refining the commonly applied Blyholder model, the obtained results are in excellent agreement with previous experimental and theoretical findings. The clean GaPd(-1-1-1) surface presents unshielded negatively charged Pd centers and positively charged Ga species partially shielded by dangling bonds...
December 20, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988166/erratum-to-relationships-between-left-atrial-pericardial-fat-and-permanent-atrial-fibrillation-results-of-a-case-control-study-diagn-interv-imaging-97-2016-307-13
#9
D Sevinc, L Pasaoglu, R Coskun, N Atci, A Alimli, O Ucar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956194/enhancement-of-8-methoxypsoralen-topical-delivery-via-nanosized-niosomal-vesicles-formulation-development-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-skin-deposition
#10
Ahmed Alaa Kassem, Sameh Hosam Abd El-Alim, Marwa Hasanein Asfour
The aim of the present study is to enhance the skin penetration and deposition of 8-methoxypsoraln (8-MOP) via niosomal vesicles to increase its local efficacy and safety. 8-MOP niosomes were prepared by the thin film hydration method using Span 60 or Span 40 along with cholesterol at five different molar ratios. The obtained vesicles revealed high entrapment efficiencies (83.04-89.90%) with nanometric vesicle diameters (111.1-198.8nm) of monodisperse distribution (PDI=0.145-0.216), zeta potential values <-48...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932266/pterygopalatine-fossa-not-a-mystery
#11
Betul Emine Derinkuyu, Oznur Boyunaga, Cigdem Oztunali, Ayse Gul Alimli, Murat Ucar
The pterygopalatine fossa is an important anatomic crossroads that is connected with numerous intra- and extracranial spaces via foramina and fissures. Although this fossa is small, its central location in the skull base and its communications provide clinical, radiological, and anatomical significance. In this pictorial review, we aimed to describe the radiologic anatomy of the pterygopalatine fossa, as well as to give some pathologic examples to better understand this major conduit.
December 6, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909597/lithium-intoxication-accompanied-by-hyponatremia
#12
Özlem Korkmaz Dilmen, İsmail Hacı, Alim Ekinci, Mois Bahar
Lithium is frequently used in the management of bipolar affective disorders. It has a narrow therapeutic index and can cause acute or chronic intoxication. Toxic symptoms may be present even when concentrations are within the recommended therapeutic range. We believe that lithium intoxication is a very important issue for a physician. In this report, we aimed to evaluate the pathophysiological view of two chronic lithium intoxication cases accompanied by hyponatremia.
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904509/a-new-diagnostic-tool-for-masked-hypertension-impaired-sleep-quality
#13
Fatma Erdem, Ugur Cakır, Osman Yıldırım, Aytekin Alcelik, Ibrahim Donmez, Taha Can Tuman, Sabri Onur Caglar, Alim Erdem, Mehmet Yazıcı
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between masked hypertension and impaired sleep quality. Additionally, we evaluated the diagnostic role and prevalence of poor sleep quality among patients with newly diagnosed masked hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 112 individuals, 72 patients with newly diagnosed masked hypertension and 40 normotensive healthy volunteers, were included in this study. All patients underwent evaluation comprising 12-lead electrocardiography, transthoracic echocardiography, 24-hour Holter ECG, and basic laboratory tests...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900179/procollagen-markers-in-microdialysate-can-predict-patient-outcome-after-achilles-tendon-rupture
#14
Md Abdul Alim, Simon Svedman, Gunnar Edman, Paul W Ackermann
OBJECTIVE: Patients who sustain acute Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) exhibit variable and mostly impaired long-term functional, and patient-reported outcomes. However, there exists a lack of early predictive markers of long-term outcomes to facilitate the development of improved treatment methods. The aim of this study was to assess markers of tendon callus production in patients with ATR in terms of outcome, pain, and fatigue. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study; level of evidence 2...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875196/decal-maps-real-time-layering-of-decals-on-surfaces-for-multivariate-visualization
#15
Allan Rocha, Usman Alim, Julio Daniel Silva, Mario Costa Sousa
We introduce the use of decals for multivariate visualization design. Decals are visual representations that are used for communication; for example, a pattern, a text, a glyph, or a symbol, transferred from a 2D-image to a surface upon contact. By creating what we define as decal-maps, we can design a set of images or patterns that represent one or more data attributes. We place decals on the surface considering the data pertaining to the locations we choose. We propose a (texture mapping) local parametrization that allows placing decals on arbitrary surfaces interactively, even when dealing with a high number of decals...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871905/the-behavioural-and-neuroprotective-outcomes-when-670nm-and-810nm-near-infrared-light-are-applied-together-in-mptp-treated-mice
#16
Florian Reinhart, Nabil El Massri, Napoleon Torres, Claude Chabrol, Jenny Molet, Daniel M Johnstone, Jonathan Stone, Alim-Louis Benabid, John Mitrofanis, Cécile Moro
We have shown previously that when applied separately, 670nm and 810nm near infrared light (NIr) reduces behavioural deficits and offers neuroprotection in a MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) mouse model of Parkinson's disease. Here, we explored the beneficial outcomes when these NIr wavelengths were applied both together, either concurrently (at the same time) or sequentially (one after the other). Mice received MPTP injections (total of 50mg/kg) and had extracranial application of 670nm and/or 810nm NIr...
November 18, 2016: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855099/cluster-randomised-feasibility-trial-to-improve-the-control-of-hypertension-in-rural-india-chiri-a-study-protocol
#17
Michaela A Riddell, Rohina Joshi, Brian Oldenburg, Clara Chow, K R Thankappan, Ajay Mahal, Nihal Thomas, Velandai K Srikanth, Roger G Evans, Kartik Kalyanram, Kamakshi Kartik, Pallab K Maulik, Simin Arabshahi, R P Varma, Rama K Guggilla, Oduru Suresh, G K Mini, Fabrizio D'Esposito, Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Mohammed Alim, Amanda G Thrift
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is emerging in rural populations of India. Barriers to diagnosis and treatment of hypertension may differ regionally according to economic development. Our main objectives are to estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in 3 diverse regions of rural India; identify barriers to diagnosis and treatment in each setting and evaluate the feasibility of a community-based intervention to improve control of hypertension. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study includes 4 main activities: (1) assessment of risk factors, quality of life, socioeconomic position and barriers to changes in lifestyle behaviours in ∼14 500 participants; (2) focus group discussions with individuals with hypertension and indepth interviews with healthcare providers, to identify barriers to control of hypertension; (3) use of a medicines-availability survey to determine the availability, affordability and accessibility of medicines and (4) trial of an intervention provided by Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), comprising group-based education and support for individuals with hypertension to self-manage blood pressure...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837343/effect-of-preoperative-oral-analgesics-on-pulpal-anesthesia-in-patients-with-irreversible-pulpitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Armin Shirvani, Sayna Shamszadeh, Mohammad Jafar Eghbal, Laleh Alim Marvasti, Saeed Asgary
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy of preemptive oral administration of single dose of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen on the local anesthetic success in adults with irreversible pulpitis and to find the possible covariates that could predict treatment effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search using electronic databases up to March 2015 was conducted. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using random and fixed-effect inverse variance method...
January 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829833/unusual-presentation-of-duplex-kidneys-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#19
Cemile Başdaş, Süleyman Çelebi, Seyithan Özaydın, Birgül Karaaslan, Elmas Reyhan Alim, Ünal Güvenç, Serdar Sander
Aim. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is rarely associated with a duplex collecting system. We review this unusual anomaly in terms of presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and surgical management. Method. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed with a duplex system with UPJO. Result. Sixteen patients (6 girls, 10 boys) with 18 moieties were treated surgically and four patients were treated conservatively. The median age at surgery was two years (range, 2 months to 7 years)...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824465/pruning-to-increase-taylor-dispersion-in-physarum-polycephalum-networks
#20
Sophie Marbach, Karen Alim, Natalie Andrew, Anne Pringle, Michael P Brenner
How do the topology and geometry of a tubular network affect the spread of particles within fluid flows? We investigate patterns of effective dispersion in the hierarchical, biological transport network formed by Physarum polycephalum. We demonstrate that a change in topology-pruning in the foraging state-causes a large increase in effective dispersion throughout the network. By comparison, changes in the hierarchy of tube radii result in smaller and more localized differences. Pruned networks capitalize on Taylor dispersion to increase the dispersion capability...
October 21, 2016: Physical Review Letters
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