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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909597/lithium-intoxication-accompanied-by-hyponatremia
#1
Özlem Korkmaz Dilmen, İsmail Hacı, Alim Ekinci, Mois Bahar
Lithium is frequently used in the management of bipolar affective disorders. It has a narrow therapeutic index and can cause acute or chronic intoxication. Toxic symptoms may be present even when concentrations are within the recommended therapeutic range. We believe that lithium intoxication is a very important issue for a physician. In this report, we aimed to evaluate the pathophysiological view of two chronic lithium intoxication cases accompanied by hyponatremia.
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904509/a-new-diagnostic-tool-for-masked-hypertension-impaired-sleep-quality
#2
Fatma Erdem, Ugur Cakır, Osman Yıldırım, Aytekin Alcelik, Ibrahim Donmez, Taha Can Tuman, Sabri Onur Caglar, Alim Erdem, Mehmet Yazıcı
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between masked hypertension and impaired sleep quality. Additionally, we evaluated the diagnostic role and prevalence of poor sleep quality among patients with newly diagnosed masked hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 112 individuals, 72 patients with newly diagnosed masked hypertension and 40 normotensive healthy volunteers, were included in this study. All patients underwent evaluation comprising 12-lead electrocardiography, transthoracic echocardiography, 24-hour Holter ECG, and basic laboratory tests...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900179/procollagen-markers-in-microdialysate-can-predict-patient-outcome-after-achilles-tendon-rupture
#3
Md Abdul Alim, Simon Svedman, Gunnar Edman, Paul W Ackermann
OBJECTIVE: Patients who sustain acute Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) exhibit variable and mostly impaired long-term functional, and patient-reported outcomes. However, there exists a lack of early predictive markers of long-term outcomes to facilitate the development of improved treatment methods. The aim of this study was to assess markers of tendon callus production in patients with ATR in terms of outcome, pain, and fatigue. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study; level of evidence 2...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875196/decal-maps-real-time-layering-of-decals-on-surfaces-for-multivariate-visualization
#4
Allan Rocha, Usman Alim, Julio Daniel Silva, Mario Costa Sousa
We introduce the use of decals for multivariate visualization design. Decals are visual representations that are used for communication; for example, a pattern, a text, a glyph, or a symbol, transferred from a 2D-image to a surface upon contact. By creating what we define as decal-maps, we can design a set of images or patterns that represent one or more data attributes. We place decals on the surface considering the data pertaining to the locations we choose. We propose a (texture mapping) local parametrization that allows placing decals on arbitrary surfaces interactively, even when dealing with a high number of decals...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871905/the-behavioural-and-neuroprotective-outcomes-when-670nm-and-810nm-near-infrared-light-are-applied-together-in-mptp-treated-mice
#5
Florian Reinhart, Nabil El Massri, Napoleon Torres, Claude Chabrol, Jenny Molet, Daniel M Johnstone, Jonathan Stone, Alim-Louis Benabid, John Mitrofanis, Cécile Moro
We have shown previously that when applied separately, 670nm and 810nm near infrared light (NIr) reduces behavioural deficits and offers neuroprotection in a MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) mouse model of Parkinson's disease. Here, we explored the beneficial outcomes when these NIr wavelengths were applied both together, either concurrently (at the same time) or sequentially (one after the other). Mice received MPTP injections (total of 50mg/kg) and had extracranial application of 670nm and/or 810nm NIr...
November 18, 2016: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855099/cluster-randomised-feasibility-trial-to-improve-the-control-of-hypertension-in-rural-india-chiri-a-study-protocol
#6
Michaela A Riddell, Rohina Joshi, Brian Oldenburg, Clara Chow, K R Thankappan, Ajay Mahal, Nihal Thomas, Velandai K Srikanth, Roger G Evans, Kartik Kalyanram, Kamakshi Kartik, Pallab K Maulik, Simin Arabshahi, R P Varma, Rama K Guggilla, Oduru Suresh, G K Mini, Fabrizio D'Esposito, Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Mohammed Alim, Amanda G Thrift
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is emerging in rural populations of India. Barriers to diagnosis and treatment of hypertension may differ regionally according to economic development. Our main objectives are to estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in 3 diverse regions of rural India; identify barriers to diagnosis and treatment in each setting and evaluate the feasibility of a community-based intervention to improve control of hypertension. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study includes 4 main activities: (1) assessment of risk factors, quality of life, socioeconomic position and barriers to changes in lifestyle behaviours in ∼14 500 participants; (2) focus group discussions with individuals with hypertension and indepth interviews with healthcare providers, to identify barriers to control of hypertension; (3) use of a medicines-availability survey to determine the availability, affordability and accessibility of medicines and (4) trial of an intervention provided by Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), comprising group-based education and support for individuals with hypertension to self-manage blood pressure...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837343/effect-of-preoperative-oral-analgesics-on-pulpal-anesthesia-in-patients-with-irreversible-pulpitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Armin Shirvani, Sayna Shamszadeh, Mohammad Jafar Eghbal, Laleh Alim Marvasti, Saeed Asgary
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy of preemptive oral administration of single dose of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen on the local anesthetic success in adults with irreversible pulpitis and to find the possible covariates that could predict treatment effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search using electronic databases up to March 2015 was conducted. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using random and fixed-effect inverse variance method...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829833/unusual-presentation-of-duplex-kidneys-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#8
Cemile Başdaş, Süleyman Çelebi, Seyithan Özaydın, Birgül Karaaslan, Elmas Reyhan Alim, Ünal Güvenç, Serdar Sander
Aim. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is rarely associated with a duplex collecting system. We review this unusual anomaly in terms of presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and surgical management. Method. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed with a duplex system with UPJO. Result. Sixteen patients (6 girls, 10 boys) with 18 moieties were treated surgically and four patients were treated conservatively. The median age at surgery was two years (range, 2 months to 7 years)...
2016: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824465/pruning-to-increase-taylor-dispersion-in-physarum-polycephalum-networks
#9
Sophie Marbach, Karen Alim, Natalie Andrew, Anne Pringle, Michael P Brenner
How do the topology and geometry of a tubular network affect the spread of particles within fluid flows? We investigate patterns of effective dispersion in the hierarchical, biological transport network formed by Physarum polycephalum. We demonstrate that a change in topology-pruning in the foraging state-causes a large increase in effective dispersion throughout the network. By comparison, changes in the hierarchy of tube radii result in smaller and more localized differences. Pruned networks capitalize on Taylor dispersion to increase the dispersion capability...
October 21, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802605/rigid-origami-via-optical-programming-and-deferred-self-folding-of-a-two-stage-photopolymer
#10
David J Glugla, Marvin D Alim, Keaton D Byars, Devatha P Nair, Christopher N Bowman, Kurt K Maute, Robert R McLeod
We demonstrate the formation of shape-programmed, glassy origami structures using a single-layer photopolymer with two mechanically distinct phases. The latent origami pattern consisting of rigid, high cross-link density panels and flexible, low cross-link density creases is fabricated using a series of photomask exposures. Strong optical absorption of the polymer formulation creates depth-wise gradients in the cross-link density of the creases, enforcing directed folding which enables programming of both mountain and valley folds within the same sheet...
November 2, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786573/effect-and-mechanism-of-calpains-on-pediatric-lobar-pneumonia
#11
Genquan Yin, Qiang Zeng, Haijin Zhao, Peiqiong Wu, Shaoxi Cai, Li Deng, Wenhui Jiang
BACKGROUND: Lobar pneumonia, one of the community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), is a common pediatric low respiratory tract infection. Calpains are Ca(2+)-activated cysteine proteases whose activation mechanism is elusive. The present study was undertaken to detect the role and mechanism of calpains in pediatric lobar pneumonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The human acute lung infection model (ALIM) was constructed and infected by Streptococcus. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α...
October 27, 2016: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783344/aluminum-toxicity-risk-reduction-as-a-result-of-reduced-acid-deposition-in-adirondack-lakes-and-ponds
#12
Toby M Michelena, Jeremy L Farrell, David A Winkler, Christine A Goodrich, Charles W Boylen, James W Sutherland, Sandra A Nierzwicki-Bauer
In 1990, the US Congress amended the Clean Air Act (CAA) to reduce regional-scale ecosystem degradation from SO x and NO x emissions which have been responsible for acid deposition in regions such as the Adirondack Mountains of New York State. An ecosystem assessment project was conducted from 1994 to 2012 by the Darrin Fresh Water Institute to determine the effect of these emission reduction policies on aquatic systems. The project investigated water chemistry and biota in 30 Adirondack lakes and ponded waters...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716091/entomological-efficacy-of-durable-wall-lining-with-reduced-wall-surface-coverage-for-strengthening-visceral-leishmaniasis-vector-control-in-bangladesh-india-and-nepal
#13
M Mamun Huda, Vijay Kumar, Murari Lal Das, Debashis Ghosh, Jyoti Priyanka, Pradeep Das, Abdul Alim, Greg Matlashewski, Axel Kroeger, Eduardo Alfonso-Sierra, Dinesh Mondal
BACKGROUND: New methods for controlling sand fly are highly desired by the Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) elimination program of Bangladesh, India and Nepal for its consolidation and maintenance phases. To support the program we investigated safety, efficacy and cost of Durable Wall Lining to control sand fly. METHODS: This multicentre randomized controlled study in Bangladesh, India and Nepal included randomized two intervention clusters and one control cluster. Each cluster had 50 households except full wall surface coverage (DWL-FWSC) cluster in Nepal which had 46 households...
October 6, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687410/intraocular-pressure-changes-the-mcgrath-video-laryngoscope-vs-the-macintosh-laryngoscope-a-randomized-trial
#14
Tugba Karaman, Serkan Dogru, Serkan Karaman, Selim Demir, Ziya Kaya, Mustafa Suren, Semih Arici, Mursel Kahveci, Sait Alim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of the McGrath Series 5 video laryngoscope on intraocular pressure (IOP) during laryngoscopy. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double blind. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Eighty adult patients of American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status 1 scheduled for nonophthalmic elective surgery under general anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS: The endotracheal intubation was provided using McGrath series 5 video laryngoscope in MG group (n=40) or Macintosh laryngoscope in M group (n=40)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660618/specific-barriers-and-drivers-in-different-stages-of-decision-making-about-energy-efficiency-upgrades-in-private-homes
#15
Christian A Klöckner, Alim Nayum
Energy efficiency upgrades of privately owned homes like adding to the insulation layers in the walls, roof or floor, or replacing windows with more efficiently insulated versions can contribute significantly to reducing the energy impact of the building sector and thus also the CO2 footprint of a household. However, even in countries like Norway that have a rather high rate of renovation, energy upgrades are not always integrated into such a refurbishment project. This study tests which structural and internal psychological barriers hinder and which drivers foster decision-making to implement such measures, once a renovation project is planned...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633636/protocol-for-process-evaluation-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-family-led-rehabilitation-post-stroke-attend-in-india
#16
Hueiming Liu, Richard Lindley, Mohammed Alim, Cynthia Felix, Dorcas B C Gandhi, Shweta J Verma, Deepak Kumar Tugnawat, Anuradha Syrigapu, Ramaprabhu Krishnappa Ramamurthy, Jeyaraj D Pandian, Marion Walker, Anne Forster, Craig S Anderson, Peter Langhorne, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Bindiganavale Ramaswamy Shamanna, Maree L Hackett, Pallab K Maulik, Lisa A Harvey, Stephen Jan
INTRODUCTION: We are undertaking a randomised controlled trial (fAmily led rehabiliTaTion aftEr stroke in INDia, ATTEND) evaluating training a family carer to enable maximal rehabilitation of patients with stroke-related disability; as a potentially affordable, culturally acceptable and effective intervention for use in India. A process evaluation is needed to understand how and why this complex intervention may be effective, and to capture important barriers and facilitators to its implementation...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631702/identification-of-interferon-stimulated-genes-with-antiretroviral-activity
#17
Melissa Kane, Trinity M Zang, Suzannah J Rihn, Fengwen Zhang, Tonya Kueck, Mudathir Alim, John Schoggins, Charles M Rice, Sam J Wilson, Paul D Bieniasz
Interferons (IFNs) exert their anti-viral effects by inducing the expression of hundreds of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). The activity of known ISGs is insufficient to account for the antiretroviral effects of IFN, suggesting that ISGs with antiretroviral activity are yet to be described. We constructed an arrayed library of ISGs from rhesus macaques and tested the ability of hundreds of individual macaque and human ISGs to inhibit early and late replication steps for 11 members of the retroviridae from various host species...
September 14, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601264/assessment-of-corneal-parameters-in-patients-with-constitutional-thinness-using-scheimpflug-imaging
#18
Alime Gunes, Funda Yıldırım Bas, Bahriye Arslan, Levent Tok, Özlem Tok, Zeliha Salman
PURPOSE: To assess corneal parameters in constitutional thinness (CT) subjects and to compare them with those of healthy individuals. METHODS: Twenty-four CT subjects (BMI < 18.5 kg/m(2)) and 24 healthy subjects (BMI: 18.5-25 kg/m2) were enrolled in this observational cross-sectional study. All participants were screened for age, gender, and medical history, then underwent a detailed ophthalmological examination. Corneal parameters were evaluated by Scheimpflug imaging...
September 6, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597439/leaf-growth-is-conformal
#19
Karen Alim, Shahaf Armon, Boris I Shraiman, Arezki Boudaoud
Growth pattern dynamics lie at the heart of morphogenesis. Here, we investigate the growth of plant leaves. We compute the conformal transformation that maps the contour of a leaf at a given stage onto the contour of the same leaf at a later stage. Based on the mapping we predict the local displacement field in the leaf blade and find it to agree with the experimentally measured displacement field to 92%. This approach is applicable to any two-dimensional system with locally isotropic growth, enabling the deduction of the whole growth field just from observation of the tissue contour...
2016: Physical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509534/the-meld-ajusted-graft-to-recipient-weight-ratio-threshold-for-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#20
Altan Alim, Yalcin Erdogan, Yildiray Yuzer, Yaman Tokat, Arzu Oezcelik
BACKGROUND: The graft-to-recipient-weight-ratio (GRWR) is an important selection criteria for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). The generally accepted threshold is known to be 0.8. We believe that this threshold can be reduced under certain conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of these patients with GRWR <0.8. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2004 and 2015, 649 patients underwent right lobe LDLT for end-stage liver disease in adult patients...
August 10, 2016: Liver Transplantation
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