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Mehmet Zahit Adisen, Alime Okkesim, Melda Misirlioglu, Selmi Yilmaz
Objective To compare the differences in masticatory muscle volume and occlusal force distribution between patients with sleep bruxism (SB) and healthy individuals. Methods The study was performed on 14 SB patients and 12 controls aged between 20 and 27 years. Magnetic resonance images from a previous clinical trial were used for volumetric measurements of masticatory muscles. Distribution of bite forces was recorded using T-Scan® II. T-tests were used for data comparison. Results The mean age of the subjects was 23 ± 1...
March 20, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mohamad Abbass, Michael K Tso, Ezekiel Weis, Alim P Mitha
BACKGROUND: Orbital lymphaticovenous malformations (LVM) are congenital vascular lesions that are typically infiltrative in nature. There have been reports of orbital LVMs extending intracranially through orbital fissures, but there have been no reports of intradural extension. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the first case of orbital LVM extending intradurally through a bony defect in the medial orbital roof. A modified orbitozygomatic approach was used to successfully obliterate this lesion...
March 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Masafumi Yoshinaga, Hiromasa Ninomiya, M M Aeorangajeb Al Hossain, Makoto Sudo, Anwarul Azim Akhand, Nazmul Ahsan, Md Abdul Alim, Md Khalequzzaman, Machiko Iida, Ichiro Yajima, Nobutaka Ohgami, Masashi Kato
Chromium (Cr) pollution caused by wastewater from tanneries is a worldwide environmental problem. To develop a countermeasure, we performed a comprehensive study using Hazaribagh, the tannery area in Dhaka City, Bangladesh, as a model. Our environmental monitoring indicated that the soluble form of Cr, but not barium or arsenic, in Buriganga River is derived from Hazaribagh. Our chemical analysis next showed that Cr, the primary pollutant in canal water at Hazaribagh, consisted of ≤0.7 μM hexavalent Cr [Cr(VI)] and ≤1705 μM trivalent Cr [Cr(III)]...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
M Golam Yasin, Md Abdul Alim, Syed Ali Ahasan, Md Nuruzzaman Munsi, Emdadul Haque Chowdhury, Takeshi Hatta, Naotoshi Tsuji, Md Motahar Hussain Mondal
The prevalence of snail-borne trematode (SBT) infections in farm animals on the offshore Saint (St.) Martin's Island of Bangladesh were 68.9% for cattle, 76.7% for buffaloes, 56.3% for goats, respectively. Examination of fecal samples showed that paramphistomes infection was the most common at 50.5% followed by schistosomes at 23.7% and Fasciola at 2.3%. Fasciola infection was found in cattle (1.9%) and buffaloes (16.7%) but not in goats. Schistosome infection in cattle, buffaloes and goats were 31.1%, 6.7% and 17...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Mehmet Sarier, Ibrahim Duman, Yucel Yuksel, Sabri Tekin, Meltem Demir, Fatih Arslan, Osman Ergun, Alim Kosar, Asuman Havva Yavuz
Allograft lithiasis is a rare urologic complication of renal transplantation (RT). Our aim is to present our experience with minimally invasive surgical treatment of allograft lithiasis in our series of live-donor renal transplant recipients. In a retrospective analysis of 3758 consecutive live-donor RTs performed in our center between November 2009 and January 2017, the results of minimally invasive surgery for the treatment of renal graft lithiasis diagnosed at follow-up were evaluated. Twenty-two (0.58%) patients underwent minimally invasive surgery for renal graft lithiasis...
February 26, 2018: Urolithiasis
Lukas Stastny, Markus Kofler, Julia Dumfarth, Alim Basaran, Dominik Wiedemann, Thomas Schachner, Gudrun Feuchtner, Johannes Bonatti, Nikolaos Bonaros
OBJECTIVE: Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting was shown to be feasible and safe, with excellent clinical and angiographic mid-term results. Data on long-term outcome are lacking. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the long-term rate of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events and left internal mammary artery patency rate in patients undergoing arrested heart totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: From 2001 to 2012, a total of 208 arrested heart-totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting patients were prospectively included...
January 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Nazlı Gülsüm Akyel, Ayşe Gül Alımlı, Tülin Hakan Demirkan, Mesut Sivri
INTRODUCTION: Persistent craniopharyngeal canal (PCC) is a rare anomaly of the base of the skull. PCC is defined as a well-corticated osseous canal, extending from the roof of the nasopharynx to the base of the sella over the course of the sphenoid corpus. We reported a PCC case with unique associations. The magnetic resonance imaging findings are discussed. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 2-year-old boy with persistent craniopharyngeal canal, bilateral microphtalmia with large colobomatous cyst, and ectopic adenohypophysis with Rathke cleft cyst...
February 14, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Dmitry Victorovich Enikeev, Petr Vitalievich Glybochko, Zhamshid Okhunov, Yuriy Gennadievich Alyaev, Leonid Mikhailovich Rapoport, Dmitry Tsarichenko, Mikhail Elikovich Enikeev, Nikolay Ivanovich Sorokin, Alim Mukhamedovich Dymov, Mark Sergeevich Taratkin
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic enucleation of the prostate (EEP) has been recognized as a viable, treatment modality for men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy and functional outcomes of three different techniques of EEP including monopolar enucleation (MEP), holmium (HoLEP) and thulium laser enucleation (ThuLEP). METHODS: The study consisted of a retrospective comparison of pre- and postoperative parameters in men undergoing three types of EEP: MEP, HoLEP, and ThuLEP...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Endourology
Ahmed Abdelbasit, Alim Hirji, Kieran Halloran, Justin Weinkauf, Ali Kapasi, Dale Lien, Jayan Nagendran, Karen Doucette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
David J Glugla, Madeline B Chosy, Marvin D Alim, Amy C Sullivan, Robert R McLeod
Precise direct-write lithography of 3D waveguides or diffractive structures within the volume of a photosensitive material is hindered by the lack of metrology that can yield predictive models for the micron-scale refractive index profile in response to a range of exposure conditions. We apply the transport of intensity equation in conjunction with confocal reflection microscopy to capture the complete spatial frequency spectrum of isolated 10 μm-scale gradient-refractive index structures written by single-photon direct-write laser lithography...
January 22, 2018: Optics Express
Nabil El Massri, Karen M Cullen, Sebastian Stefani, Cécile Moro, Napoleon Torres, Alim-Louis Benabid, John Mitrofanis
In this study, we examined the cellular distribution of encephalopsin (opsin 3; OPN3) expression in the striatum of non-human primates. In addition, because of our long standing interest in Parkinson's disease and neuroprotection, we examined whether parkinsonian (MPTP; 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) insult and/or photobiomodulation (670 nm) had any impact on encephalopsin expression in this key area of the basal ganglia. Striatal sections of control naïve monkeys, together with those that were either MPTP- and/or photobiomodulation-treated were processed for immunohistochemistry...
January 29, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Azize Ayol, Ozgun Tezer, Alim Gurgen
Sludges produced in biological wastewater treatment plants have rich organic materials in their characteristics. Recent research studies have focused on the energy recovery from sludge due to its high organic content. The gasification process is a thermal conversion technology transforming the chemical energy contained in a solid fuel into thermal energy and electricity. The produced syngas as a mixture of CO, CH4, H2 and other gases can be used to generate electrical energy. The gasification of yeast industry sludge has been experimentally evaluated in a pilot scale downdraft-type gasifier as a route towards the energy recovery...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Aygul Alim, Huanlu Song, Ye Liu, Tingting Zou, Yu Zhang, Songpei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Aroma-active compounds and non-volatile substances determine the characteristic aroma and taste of yeast extracts (YE). With thermal reaction, the characteristic aroma and taste of YE are studied rarely, and the relationship between aroma-active compounds and non-volatile compounds is not so clear yet. RESULTS: The non-volatile compounds identified by HPLC and LC-MS/MS were reduced following by rise in temperature except some amino acids. Peptides undergo degradation...
January 18, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Alfred Amon, Alim Ormeci, Matej Bobnar, Lev G Akselrud, Maxim Avdeev, Roman Gumeniuk, Ulrich Burkhardt, Yurii Prots, Christoph Hennig, Andreas Leithe-Jasper, Yuri Grin
Materials with the crystal structure of γ-brass type (Cu5Zn8 type) are typical representatives of intermetallic compounds. From the electronic point of view, they are often interpreted using the valence electron concentration approach of Hume-Rothery, developed previously for transition metals. The γ-brass-type phases of the main-group elements are rather rare. The intermetallic compound Be21Pt5, a new member of this family, was synthesized, and its crystal structure, chemical bonding, and physical properties were characterized...
January 9, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Betül Emine Derinkuyu, Öznur Boyunağa, Meltem Polat, Çağrı Damar, Anıl Tapısız Aktaş, Ayşe Gül Alımlı, Çiğdem Öztunalı, Soner Sertan Kara, Murat Uçar, Hasan Tezer
Background/aim: Our aim was to interpret the effects of deep neck space abscesses on the adjacent carotid artery according to abscess location, as well as to determine narrowing by calculating the mean stenosis ratios.Materials and methods: Neck computed tomography scans and clinical data of 45 children with neck abscesses were evaluated retrospectively for abscess location and internal carotid artery narrowing. The lumen areas of the carotid arteries were measured from standard levels, and stenosis ratios were calculated with two different techniques...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Alime Okkesim, Mehmet Zahit Adisen, Melda Misirlioglu
Psoriasis is a chronic, papulosquamous, and an inflammatory skin disease. It has been found that between 5% and 24% of patients develop psoriatic arthritis (PA) at the same time after or even prior to skin findings. The involvement of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare condition. In this report, a-46-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with the complaint of pain in the bilateral TMJs, and a limited jaw movement. Medical anamnesis revealed he had psoriasis for the last 21 years, and developed a seronegative polyarthritis with destructive changes for 8 years...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Abdul Alim Khan, Neeraj Kumar, Yashpal Singh, Atul Kumar Singh, Sharad Kumar Mathur
Background: Tracheostomy tube (TT) change is the common procedure in trauma Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and almost always associated with cough reflex, increase in blood pressure, and heart rate. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is a selective α2 -adrenergic receptor agonist well studied for the prevention of pressor response during laryngoscopy and extubation, but literature on prevention of pressor response during TT change is lacking. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare two doses (0...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Zahari Taha, Rabiu Muazu Musa, Anwar P P Abdul Majeed, Muhammad Muaz Alim, Mohamad Razali Abdullah
Support Vector Machine (SVM) has been shown to be an effective learning algorithm for classification and prediction. However, the application of SVM for prediction and classification in specific sport has rarely been used to quantify/discriminate low and high-performance athletes. The present study classified and predicted high and low-potential archers from a set of fitness and motor ability variables trained on different SVMs kernel algorithms. 50 youth archers with the mean age and standard deviation of 17...
December 14, 2017: Human Movement Science
Suchandan Sikder, Natasha L Williams, Alanna E Sorenson, Md A Alim, Miranda E Vidgen, Nicole J Moreland, Catherine M Rush, Robert S Simpson, Brenda L Govan, Robert E Norton, Madeleine W Cunningham, David J McMillan, Kadaba S Sriprakash, Natkunam Ketheesan
Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (ARF/RHD) have long been described as autoimmune sequelae of Streptococcus pyogenes or group A streptococcal (GAS) infection. Both antibody and T-cell responses against immunodominant GAS virulence factors including M-protein, cross-react with host tissue proteins triggering an inflammatory response leading to permanent heart damage. However, in some ARF/RHD endemic regions, throat carriage of GAS is low. As Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE), also known as β-hemolytic groups C and G streptococci (GCS/GGS) also express M-protein, we postulated that streptococci other than GAS may have the potential to initiate or exacerbate ARF/RHD...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Marvin D Alim, David J Glugla, Sudheendran Mavila, Chen Wang, Philip D Nystrom, Amy C Sullivan, Robert R McLeod, Christopher N Bowman
Holographic photopolymers capable of high refractive index modulation (Δn) on the order of 10-2 are integral for the fabrication of functional holographic optical elements that are useful in a myriad of optical applications. In particular, to address the deficiency of suitable high refractive index writing monomers for use in two-stage holographic formulations, here we report a novel high refractive index writing monomer, 1,3-bis(phenylthio)-2-propyl acrylate (BPTPA), simultaneously possessing enhanced solubility in a low refractive index (n = 1...
January 10, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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