keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric uti

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775450/-congenital-megacalycosis-in-a-girl-with-unilateral-renal-agenesis
#1
Agnieszka Szmigielska, Grażyna Krzemień, Anna Zacharzewska, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Stanisław Warchoł
Renal agenesis occurs in pediatric population with the incidence 1:500- 2000 children. It is more often diagnosed in boys and on the left side of the body. Renal agenesis may be isolated or it may be a part of complex malformation syndrome. Megacalycosis is a very rare anomaly of urinary tract associated with abnormal structure of the kidney pyramids. AIM: The aim of the study was to present for the first time in the medical literature the case of a girl with unilateral renal agenesis and megacalycosis...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774893/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-sensitivity-pattern-of-urinary-tract-infection-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-moshi-tanzania
#2
Amon Ryakitimbo, Rune Philemon, Festo Mazuguni, Levina Msuya
Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is a challenging yet common clinical condition. Children with CP bare the greatest risk of contracting UTI because of their difficulties in neuromotor control which lead to delay of bladder control, causing incomplete bladder emptying and urine retention. Method: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 at Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania - Moshi and Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre Neurological Pediatrics Outpatient Clinic...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774760/safety-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-copperhead-snakebite-patients
#3
Hoang X Pham, Michael E Mullins
INTRODUCTION: Current management guidelines for pit viper envenomations recommend against the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain control due to concern for platelet dysfunction and resulting coagulopathy. However, prior research suggests that copperhead snakes generally do not cause coagulopathy and they are responsible for most of the venomous snakebites in the USA. Thus, we compared the occurrences of clinically apparent bleeding and most abnormal laboratory values of coagulation between copperhead envenomation patients who received NSAIDs and those who did not...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768293/seasonality-of-common-pediatric-infectious-diseases
#4
Susan C Lipsett, Michael C Monuteaux, Andrew M Fine
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Traditional sources cite seasonal patterns for common infectious diseases, often based on microbiologic data, but little is known about cyclical trends in clinically diagnosed infectious conditions in the emergency department (ED). We leveraged the publicly available Nationwide Emergency Department Sample database to measure the seasonality of the most common pediatric infectious diseases diagnosed in US EDs. METHODS: We searched the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample database to identify infectious diagnoses comprising at least 1% of all diagnosis codes ascribed to patients 21 years and younger in US EDs from 2009 to 2013...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748840/clinical-patterns-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producers-a-prospective-hospital-case-control-study
#5
Basima A Almomani, Wail A Hayajneh, Abeer M Ayoub, Mera A Ababneh, Miral A Al Momani
PURPOSE: To assess incidence rate, risk factors and susceptibility patterns associated with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae in community-acquired urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs). METHODS: A prospective, case-control study was conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital from Jan 2015 to Dec 2016. The results of microbiology cultures were initially screened to include only patients with positive E. coli or K...
May 10, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738037/clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-young-infants
#6
Denise Swei Lo, Larissa Rodrigues, Vera Hermina Kalika Koch, Alfredo Elias Gilio
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in young infants. Signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical, demographic and laboratory features of UTI in infants ≤ 3 months old. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of infants ≤ 3 months old with UTI diagnosed in a pediatric emergency department, for the period 2010-2012. UTI was defined as ≥ 50,000 colony-forming units per milliliter of a single uropathogen isolated from bladder catheterization...
April 26, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736094/influence-of-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-gene-polymorphism-on-renal-scarring-after-first-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-in-infants
#7
Danka Pokrajac, Lejla Kapur-Pojskic, Sandra Vegar-Zubovic, Renata Milardovic
Background: The pathogenesis of renal scarring (RS) after first febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in children is multifactorial. In addition to well-known risk factors, a role for genetic predisposition has been suggested. Aims: To determine whether deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) polymorphisms at the plasminogen activator inhibitor -1 (PAI-1) gene were associated with evolution to RS following a febrile UTI in infants. Materials and Methods: Our research included 100 infants, 84 girls and 16 boys, ages up to 1 year with a first febrile UTI, increased inflammatory parameters and positive urine culture treated at the Pediatric Clinic II of the University Clinical Center Sarajevo (UCCS)...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727865/prospective-study-on-several-urinary-biomarkers-as-indicators-of-renal-damage-in-children-with-cakut
#8
Fabio Bartoli, Valentina Pastore, Isabella Calè, Gabriella Aceto, Vittoria Campanella, Carla Lasalandra, Simona Magaldi, Francesco Niglio, Angela Basile, Raffaella Cocomazzi
PURPOSE:  The aim of the study was to investigate urinary levels of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), epidermal growth factor (EGF), β-2-microglobulin (β2M), and FAS-ligand (FAS-L) in children with congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) disease at risk of developing glomerular hyperfiltration syndrome. For this reason, we selected patients with multicystic kidney, renal agenesia and renal hypodysplasia, or underwent single nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  This prospective, multicentric study was conducted in collaboration between the Pediatric Surgery Unit in Foggia and the Pediatric Nephrology Unit in Bari, Italy...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721836/roultella-ornithinolytica-infection-in-infancy-a-case-of-febrile-urinary-tract-infection
#9
Laura De Petris, Ermanno Ruffini
Raoultella ornithinolytica is a Gram-negative, non-motile, encapsulated, aerobic bacillus belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. R. ornithinolytica is a not very common, but emergent causal agent of human infection, and its expression of beta-lactamase provides resistance to commonly used antibiotics. The pathogenetic potential of R. ornithinolytica isolates in human disease has become increasingly important. Several cases of hospital-acquired infection, mostly associated with invasive procedures, or in patients with co-morbidity caused by R...
May 2, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710324/development-and-validation-of-a-calculator-for-estimating-the-probability-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-young-febrile-children
#10
Nader Shaikh, Alejandro Hoberman, Stephanie W Hum, Anastasia Alberty, Gysella Muniz, Marcia Kurs-Lasky, Douglas Landsittel, Timothy Shope
Importance: Accurately estimating the probability of urinary tract infection (UTI) in febrile preverbal children is necessary to appropriately target testing and treatment. Objective: To develop and test a calculator (UTICalc) that can first estimate the probability of UTI based on clinical variables and then update that probability based on laboratory results. Design, Setting, and Participants: Review of electronic medical records of febrile children aged 2 to 23 months who were brought to the emergency department of Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709445/predominant-bacteria-and-patterns-of-antibiotic-susceptibility-in-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-with-spina-bifida
#11
Tara K Ortiz, Nermarie Velazquez, Laura Ding, Jonathan C Routh, John S Wiener, Patrick C Seed, Sherry S Ross
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection is more common in children with spina bifida (SB) than neurologically intact children, and Escherichiacoli is the most common urinary pathogen in the general pediatric population. Less is known of the pathogens responsible for urinary tract infections (UTI) in the pediatric SB population or their evolving antimicrobial resistance patterns. The goal of this study is to determine the epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns of SB-associated urinary pathogens...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681271/transitioning-patients-with-hypospadias-and-other-penile-abnormalities-to-adulthood-what-to-expect
#12
REVIEW
Keith Rourke, Luis H Braga
Hypospadias patients presenting to adult urologists do so with a wide range of symptoms and problems, including urethral stricture (45-72%), lower urinary tract symptoms (with or without stricture) (50-82%), urethrocutaneous fistula (16-30%), persisting hypospadias (14-43%), micturition spraying (24%), ventral curvature (14-24%), urinary tract infection (15-25%), or lichen sclerosus (13%; range 8-43). Many of these men have concurrent complications as the result of multiple operations and a variety of techniques...
April 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679555/mass-spectrometric-measurement-of-urinary-kynurenine-to-tryptophan-ratio-in-children-with-and-without-urinary-tract-infection
#13
Melanie L Yarbrough, Kelleigh E Briden, John V Mitsios, Annette L Weindel, Cindy M Terrill, David A Hunstad, Dennis J Dietzen
BACKGROUND: Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) catalyzes the first step of tryptophan (Trp) catabolism, yielding kynurenine (Kyn) metabolites. The kynurenine-to-tryptophan (K/T) ratio is used as a surrogate for biological IDO enzyme activity. IDO expression is increased during Escherichia coli urinary tract infection (UTI). Thus, our objective was to develop a method for measurement of Kyn/Trp ratio in human blood and urine and evaluate its use as a biomarker of UTI. METHODS: A mass spectrometric method was developed to measure Trp and Kyn in serum and urine specimens...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666728/a-rare-benign-tumor-in-a-14-year-old-girl
#14
Meral Hassan Abualjadayel, Osama Y Safdar, Maysaa Adnan Banjari, Sherif El Desoky, Ghadeer A Mokhtar, Raed A Azhar
Background: Oncocytomas are the second most common benign renal neoplasm but, unfortunately, they are difficult to differentiate from renal cell carcinoma. Renal oncocytomas are rare and have mostly been reported in adults. To our knowledge, this is only the sixth pediatric reported case of renal oncocytoma worldwide. Case Presentation: A 14-year-old Yemeni girl with a recurrent history of urinary tract infections came to our clinic complaining of left flank pain with a frontal headache...
2018: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660959/application-of-clean-intermittent-catheterization-for-neurogenic-bladder-in-infants-less-than-1-year-old
#15
Yanwei Li, Yibo Wen, Xiangfei He, Yunlong Li, Junwei Wu, Jinjin Feng, Qingwei Wang, Jianguo Wen
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic bladder (NB) is a common pediatric urological disease caused by a variety of neurological pathologies. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) has been the preferred method to empty bladder. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of CIC on preserving bladder and upper urinary tract function in infants less than 1 year old with NB. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 76 infants with NB. Patients were divided into two groups according to treatment initiation: the early CIC group (ECG) (<1 year old) and the late CIC group (LCG) (>3 years old)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620642/in-hospital-mortality-and-morbidity-of-pediatric-scoliosis-surgery-in-japan-analysis-using-a-national-inpatient-database
#16
Yuki Taniguchi, Takeshi Oichi, Junichi Ohya, Hirotaka Chikuda, Yasushi Oshima, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Sakae Tanaka, Hideo Yasunaga
Several previous reports have elucidated the mortality and incidence of complications after pediatric scoliosis surgery using nationwide databases. However, all of these studies were conducted in North America. Hence, this study aimed to identify the incidence and risk factors for in-hospital mortality and morbidity in pediatric scoliosis surgery, utilizing the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, a national inpatient database in Japan.We retrospectively extracted data for patients aged less than 19 years who were admitted between 01 June 2010 and 31 March 2013 and underwent scoliosis surgery with fusion...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605164/renal-function-outcomes-in-pediatric-patients-with-symptomatic-reflux-into-the-transplanted-kidney-treated-with-redo-ureteroneocystostomy
#17
Mary K Wang, Kai-Wen Chuang, Yi Li, Thomas Gaither, Paul Brakeman, Lynette Gonzalez, Jessica Brennan, Laurence S Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Asymptomatic post-renal transplant reflux is common but only 5-10% patients are diagnosed with vesico-ureteral reflux in the setting of post-transplant febrile urinary tract infections, requiring redo ureteroneocystostomy (redo-UNC). Here we report the renal function outcomes of 37 such patients, stratified by lower urinary tract (LUT) status. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that those with pre-transplant LUT dysfunction would have lower glomerular filtration rate (GFR) on follow-up...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582957/-renal-manifestation-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#18
Marco Galliani, Silvana Chicca, Elio Vitaliano, Luca Di Lullo, Konstantinos Giannakakis, Antonio Paone
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease affects over 12 million people in the world and is the fourth cause of ESRD. It is the main monogenic kidney disease and causes the progressive formation of cysts leading to renal failure after a few decades. The main manifestations of the disease are observed even at a young age. The early sign of ADPKD is impaired urinary concentrating capacity, due to medullary alteration by cysts, and resistance to vasopressin. These anatomical alterations determine hyperfiltration, altered ammonium transport, nephrolithiasis, and, above all, hypertension even in pediatric age...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577511/association-between-interleukin-8-receptor-gene-cxcr1-and-cxcr2-polymorphisms-and-urinary-tract-infection-evidence-from-4097-subjects
#19
Shi-Sheng Han, Yan Lu, Min Chen, Yan-Qiu Xu, Yi Wang
The aim of this study was to determine whether a correlation exists between interleukin-8 receptor polymorphisms and urinary tract infection (UTI) susceptibility. We systematically searched electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Web of Science up to November 5, 2017 to select appropriate studies that focused on C-X-C chemokine receptor type 1 and/or 2 (CXCR1, CXCR2) polymorphisms with susceptibility to UTI. Eight case-control studies including 2085 patients with UTI and 2012 controls were enrolled in this study...
March 25, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527373/-pantoea-agglomerans-infections-in-children-report-of-two-cases
#20
Shraddha Siwakoti, Rinku Sah, Rupa Singh Rajbhandari, Basudha Khanal
Introduction: Pantoea agglomerans, primarily an environmental and agricultural organism has been reported as both commensal and pathogen of humans. We present two case reports of P. agglomerans infections in children that involved the meninges and bloodstream. Case Presentations: A 6-month-old female baby, diagnosed as congenital hydrocephalus secondary to aqueduct stenosis with ventriculoperitoneal shunt in situ, operated 14 days back was brought to the pediatric emergency with a two-day history of high fever associated with vomiting, irritability, excessive crying, and decreased feeding...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
11054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"