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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697678/ek-dlek-dsek-dmek-new-frontier-in-cornea-surgery
#1
Marianne O Price, Pankaj Gupta, Jonathan Lass, Francis W Price
Endothelial keratoplasty (EK) has revolutionized treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction. Compared with penetrating keratoplasty (PK), EK provides faster and more reliable visual rehabilitation while maintaining the eye's structural integrity. The number of EK procedures is growing annually and surpassed PK in the United States in 2012. The most widely used iteration, Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK), implants healthy donor endothelium, Descemet membrane, and posterior stroma. Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) eliminates the donor stromal layer...
July 11, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691435/clinical-and-public-health-implications-of-acute-and-early-hiv-detection-and-treatment-a-scoping-review
#2
Sarah E Rutstein, Jintanat Ananworanich, Sarah Fidler, Cheryl Johnson, Eduard J Sanders, Omar Sued, Asier Saez-Cirion, Christopher D Pilcher, Christophe Fraser, Myron S Cohen, Marco Vitoria, Meg Doherty, Joseph D Tucker
INTRODUCTION: The unchanged global HIV incidence may be related to ignoring acute HIV infection (AHI). This scoping review examines diagnostic, clinical, and public health implications of identifying and treating persons with AHI. METHODS: We searched PubMed, in addition to hand-review of key journals identifying research pertaining to AHI detection and treatment. We focused on the relative contribution of AHI to transmission and the diagnostic, clinical, and public health implications...
June 28, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691226/of-self-lipids-cd1-restricted-t-cells-and-contact-sensitization
#3
Giulia Casorati, Paolo Dellabona
Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) in rodents and contact dermatitis in humans are long-known pathological conditions caused by MHC-restricted T-cell responses. These responses are triggered upon T-cell recognition of neo-antigenic determinants, which are generated by a variety of environmental contact sensitizer (CS) chemicals associating with self-proteins to comprise these neo-antigens. In this issue of the European Journal of Immunology, Betts et al. [Eur. J. Immunol. 2017. 47: 1171-1180] provide intriguing data implying that common small molecule CSs such as dinitrochlorobenzene can also recruit and activate autoreactive CD1-restricted T cells specific for cell-endogenous lipids, which are enriched in human skin...
July 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#4
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673404/the-journal-of-allergy-and-clinical-immunology-an-update-on-style-and-substance
#5
EDITORIAL
Cezmi A Akdis, Justin Byrne, Zuhair K Ballas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639577/characteristics-of-good-s-syndrome-in-china-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jin-Pei Dong, Wen Gao, Gui-Gen Teng, Yu Tian, Hua-Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Good's syndrome (GS) is a rare disease characterized by thymoma, hypogammaglobulinemia, low or absent B-cells, decreased T-cells, an inverted CD4+/CD8+ T-cell ratio and reduced T-cell mitogen proliferative responses. GS is difficult to diagnose preoperatively due to its rarity and lack of typical symptoms, the characteristics of Chinese GS patients are still lacking. This study aimed to systematically review all the clinical, laboratory, and immunologic findings of reported cases of Chinese patients with GS...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555437/autoimmunity-in-2016
#7
REVIEW
Carlo Selmi
The number of peer-reviewed articles published during the 2016 solar year and retrieved using the "autoimmunity" key word remained stable while gaining a minimal edge among the immunology articles. Nonetheless, the quality of the publications has been rising significantly and, importantly, acquisitions have become available through scientific journals dedicated to immunology or autoimmunity. Major discoveries have been made in the fields of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmunity of the central nervous system, vasculitis, and seronegative spondyloarthrithritides...
August 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521904/make-immunological-peace-not-war-potential-applications-of-tolerogenic-dendritic-cells
#8
EDITORIAL
Emma Louise Walton
In this issue of the Biomedical Journal, we explore the powerful immunosuppressive properties of tolerogenic dendritic cells and discuss their potential to bring about lifelong tolerance in transplantation and autoimmune disease. We also highlight an exciting new development in the field of malaria diagnosis that could facilitate early detection of the disease.
April 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498914/bibliometric-analysis-and-curriculum-mapping-of-travel-medicine-research
#9
Gerard T Flaherty, Keng Lim Yap
Evidence-based travel medicine requires that research priorities reflect the wide knowledge base of this discipline. Bibliometric analysis of articles published in Journal of Travel Medicine yielded the following results: epidemiology (6%, n = 105); immunology/vaccinology (8.5%, n = 148); pre-travel assessment/consultation (30.5%, n = 533); diseases contracted during travel (48.3%, n = 843); other clinical conditions associated with travel (6.8%, n = 119); post-travel assessment (5.2%, n = 91) and administrative and general travel medicine issues (6%, n = 105)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485520/murine-thymic-nk-cells-a-case-of-identity
#10
Victoria Male, Hugh J M Brady
Just over a decade ago, it was established that NK cells in the thymus do not follow precisely the same developmental pathway as conventional NK cells that develop in the bone marrow. Subsequently, it has emerged that NK cells are one branch of a family of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). ILC1s and thymic NK cells have, however, sufficient similarities such that questions have been raised about how distinctive each cell type is from the other. In this issue of European Journal of Immunology, Gabrielli et al. [Eur...
May 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422058/melatonin-a-review-of-its-potential-functions-and-effects-on-dental-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Maria Permuy, Mónica López-Peña, Antonio González-Cantalapiedra, Fernando Muñoz
Melatonin is a hormone synthesised and secreted by the pineal gland and other organs. Its secretion, controlled by an endogenous circadian cycle, has been proven to exert immunological, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects that can be beneficial in the treatment of certain dental diseases. This article is aimed at carrying out a review of the literature published about the use of melatonin in the dental field and summarising its potential effects. In this review article, an extensive search in different databases of scientific journals was performed with the objective of summarising all of the information published on melatonin use in dental diseases, focussing on periodontal diseases and dental implantology...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406842/hfe-gene-mutations-and-iron-status-in-100-healthy-polish-children
#12
Barbara Kaczorowska-Hac, Marcin Luszczyk, Jedrzej Antosiewicz, Wieslaw Ziolkowski, Elzbieta Adamkiewicz-Drozynska, Malgorzata Mysliwiec, Ewa Milosz, Jan J Kaczor
Iron participates in oxygen transport, energetic, metabolic, and immunologic processes. There are 2 main causes of iron overload: hereditary hemochromatosis which is a primary cause, is a metabolic disorder caused by mutations of genes that control iron metabolism and secondary hemochromatosis caused by multitransfusions, chronic hemolysis, and intake of iron rich food. The most common type of hereditary hemochromatosis is caused by HFE gene mutation. In this study, we analyzed iron metabolism in 100 healthy Polish children in relation to their HFE gene status...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402325/the-bioenergetics-of-inflammation-insights-into-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
K N Keane, E K Calton, R Carlessi, P H Hart, P Newsholme
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic metabolic disorders worldwide, and its incidence in Asian countries is alarmingly high. Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is closely associated with obesity, and the staggering rise in obesity is one of the primary factors related to the increased frequency of T2DM. Low-grade chronic inflammation is also accepted as an integral metabolic adaption in obesity and T2DM, and is believed to be a major player in the onset of insulin resistance. However, the exact mechanism(s) that cause a persistent chronic low-grade infiltration of leukocytes into insulin-target tissues such as adipose, skeletal muscle and liver are not entirely known...
July 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387944/th17-and-treg-lymphocytes-as-cellular-biomarkers-of-disease-activity-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#14
Lorenzo Cosmi
Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis) is a vasculitis of unknown etiology affecting predominantly small- to medium-sized vessels, usually involving the upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies are probably the initial cause of the inflammatory process that leads to the typical necrotizing lesions. In this issue of the European Journal of Immunology, Szczeklik et al. [Eur. J. Immunol. 2017. 47: 724-733] report some interesting findings on the possible involvement of T-cell subsets in the pathogenesis of the disease...
April 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387942/the-balance-between-treg-and-th17-cells-cd11b-and-interleukin-6
#15
Christoph Garbers, Stefan Rose-John
One of the gold standards for animal models of rheumatoid arthritis is the murine collagen-induced arthritis model. Native type II collagen together with CFA is injected into susceptible mouse strains. Unfortunately, only mice with H-2(q) or H-2(r) MHC haplotypes are susceptible, making the widely used C57BL/6 mouse strain, which carries the H-2(b) haplotype, resistant against the disease. In this issue of the European Journal of Immunology, Stevanin et al. [Eur. J. Immunol. 2017. 47: 637-645] now convincingly show that although WT C57BL/6 mice are resistant to collagen-induced arthritis, mice with a homozygous deletion of CD11b on the same genetic background are fully susceptible in this important animal model of rheumatoid arthritis...
April 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378851/effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-supplementation-on-c-peptide-preservation-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
M Horvaticek, J Djelmis, M Ivanisevic, S Oreskovic, M Herman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is caused by autoimmune insulitis. There are evidences that pregnancy and n-3 fatty acids exhibit suppressive effect on human inflammatory system. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Ninety pregnant women with T1DM were included in the prospective randomized placebo controlled clinical trial. Forty-seven of them were put on standard diabetic diet enriched with EPA and DHA twice a day (EPA 120 mg and DHA 616 mg; Study group) and 43 pregnant diabetic women were on standard diabetic diet with placebo (Control group)...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375775/engineering-microneedle-patches-for-vaccination-and-drug-delivery-to-skin
#17
Mark R Prausnitz
Microneedle patches (MNPs) contain arrays of solid needles measuring hundreds of microns in length that deliver drugs and vaccines into skin in a painless, easy-to-use manner. Optimal MNP design balances multiple interdependent parameters that determine mechanical strength, skininsertion reliability, drug delivery efficiency, painlessness, manufacturability, and other features of MNPs that affect their performance. MNPs can be made by adapting various microfabrication technologies for delivery of small-molecule drugs, biologics, and vaccines targeted to the skin, which can have pharmacokinetic and immunologic advantages...
March 24, 2017: Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368539/measles-vaccination-is-effective-at-under-nine-months-of-age-and-provides-nonspecific-immunological-benefits
#18
Katie L Flanagan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332868/is-autoimmunology-a-discipline-of-its-own-a-big-data-based-bibliometric-and-scientometric-analyses
#19
Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Shaye Kivity, Naim Mahroum, Miri Blank, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Autoimmunology is a super-specialty of immunology specifically dealing with autoimmune disorders. To assess the extant literature concerning autoimmune disorders, bibliometric and scientometric analyses (namely, research topics/keywords co-occurrence, journal co-citation, citations, and scientific output trends - both crude and normalized, authors network, leading authors, countries, and organizations analysis) were carried out using open-source software, namely, VOSviewer and SciCurve. A corpus of 169,519 articles containing the keyword "autoimmunity" was utilized, selecting PubMed/MEDLINE as bibliographic thesaurus...
March 23, 2017: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322578/interview-with-amr-h-sawalha-epigenetics-and-autoimmunity
#20
Amr H Sawalha
Amr H Sawalha is Professor of Internal Medicine and Marvin and Betty Danto Research Professor of Connective Tissue Research at the University of Michigan, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology. He also holds faculty appointments at the Center for Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics and the Graduate Program in Immunology at the University of Michigan. He was recently appointed as Guest Professor at Central South University in Changsha, China. He received his medical degree from Jordan University of Science and Technology and completed his residency training in internal medicine at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, and his fellowship in rheumatology at the University of Michigan...
March 21, 2017: Epigenomics
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