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Laura C Kutz, Shreya T Mukherji, Xiaoliang Wang, Amber Bryant, Isabel Larre, Judith A Heiny, Jerry B Lingrel, Sandrine V Pierre, Zijian Xie
The distribution of Na/K-ATPase α isoforms in skeletal muscle is unique, with α1 as the minor (15%) isoform and α2 comprising the bulk of the Na/K-ATPase pool. The acute and isoform-specific role of α2 in muscle performance and resistance to fatigue is well known, but the isoform-specific role of α1 has not been as thoroughly investigated. In vitro, we reported that α1 has a role in promoting cell growth that is not supported by α2. To assess whether α1 serves this isoform-specific trophic role in the skeletal muscle, we used the Na/K-ATPase α1 haploinsufficient (α1+/-) mice...
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Xiao-Sa Yang, Zhong-Wei Xu, Tai-Long Yi, Rui-Cheng Xu, Jie Li, Wen-Bin Zhang, Sai Zhang, Hong-Tao Sun, Ze-Qi Yu, Hao-Xiang Xu, Yue Tu, Shi-Xiang Cheng
Glioma is one of the most malignant forms of brain tumor, and has been of persistent concern due to its high recurrence and mortality rates, and limited therapeutic options. As a cardiac glycoside, ouabain has widespread applications in congestive heart diseases due to its positive cardiac inotropic effect by inhibiting Na+/K+‑ATPase. Previous studies have demonstrated that ouabain has antitumor activity in several types of human tumor, including glioma. However, the exact underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated...
February 12, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Lisbeth Tranebjærg, Nicola Strenzke, Sture Lindholm, Nanna D Rendtorff, Hanne Poulsen, Himanshu Khandelia, Wojciech Kopec, Troels J Brünnich Lyngbye, Christian Hamel, Cecile Delettre, Beatrice Bocquet, Michael Bille, Hanne H Owen, Toke Bek, Hanne Jensen, Karen Østergaard, Claes Möller, Linda Luxon, Lucinda Carr, Louise Wilson, Kaukab Rajput, Tony Sirimanna, Katherine Harrop-Griffiths, Shamima Rahman, Barbara Vona, Julia Doll, Thomas Haaf, Oliver Bartsch, Hendrik Rosewich, Tobias Moser, Maria Bitner-Glindzicz
The following information was inadvertently omitted in the original publication.
February 12, 2018: Human Genetics
Richard W Smith, Richard D Moccia, Carmel E Mothersill, Colin B Seymour
This study extends the investigation of the legacy effects of exposure to a single radiation dose at one of four early life stages, in adult rainbow trout (Part A), by examining the effects of a second identical dose after one year; i.e. egg 48 h after fertilisation (48 h egg) + 1 year, eyed egg + 1 year, yolk sac larvae (YSL) + 1 year and first feeder + 1 year. This included the induction of a bystander effect in non-irradiated trout which had swam with the irradiated fish. The second radiation dose negated any beneficial proteomic responses following early life stage irradiation only, particularly irradiation of 48 h eggs and eyed eggs (Part A)...
February 9, 2018: Environmental Research
Manindra Nath Tiwari, Sandesh Mohan, Yoav Biala, Yoel Yaari
In many types of CNS neurons, repetitive spiking produces a slow afterhyperpolarization (sAHP), providing sustained, intrinsically generated negative feedback to neuronal excitation. Changes in the sAHP have been implicated in learning behaviors, in cognitive decline in aging, and in epileptogenesis. Despite its importance in brain function, the mechanisms generating the sAHP are still controversial. Here we have addressed the roles of M-type K+ current (IM ), Ca2+ -gated K+ currents (ICa(K) 's) and Na+ /K+ -ATPases (NKAs) current to sAHP generation in adult rat CA1 pyramidal cells maintained at near-physiological temperature (35°C)...
February 12, 2018: Hippocampus
Gu Gong, Liang Yin, Libang Yuan, Daming Sui, Yangyang Sun, Haiyu Fu, Liang Chen, Xiaowu Wang
High altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is a severe type of acute mountain sickness (AMS) that occurs in response to a high altitude hypobaric hypoxic (HH) environment. GM1 monosialoganglioside can alleviate brain injury under adverse conditions including amyloid-β-peptide, ischemia and trauma. However, its role in HACE-induced brain damage remains poorly elucidated. In this study, GM1 supplementation dose-dependently attenuated increase in rat brain water content (BWC) induced by hypobaric chamber (7600 m) exposurefor 24 h...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Laura S Stapp, Laura M Parker, Wayne A O'Connor, Christian Bock, Pauline M Ross, Hans O Pörtner, G Lannig
Understanding mechanisms of intraspecific variation in resilience to environmental drivers is key to predict species' adaptive potential. Recent studies show a higher CO2 resilience of Sydney rock oysters selectively bred for increased growth and disease resistance ('selected oysters') compared to the wild population. We tested whether the higher resilience of selected oysters correlates with an increased ability to compensate for CO2-induced acid-base disturbances. After 7 weeks of exposure to elevated seawater PCO2 (1100 μatm), wild oysters had a lower extracellular pH (pHe = 7...
December 18, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Qiming Duan, Yunhui Xu, Pauline V Marck, Jennifer Kalisz, Eric E Morgan, Sandrine V Pierre
Ouabain preconditioning (OPC) initiated by low concentrations of the cardiac glycoside (CG) ouabain binding to Na/K-ATPase is relayed by a unique intracellular signaling and protects cardiac myocytes against ischemia/reperfusion injury. To explore more clinically applicable protocols based on CG properties, we tested whether the FDA-approved CG digoxin could trigger cardioprotective effects comparable with those of ouabain using PC, preconditioning and PostC, postconditioning protocols in the Langendorff-perfused mouse heart subjected to global ischemia and reperfusion...
February 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Gaoyang Wang, Yuan Yuan, Lanyue Gao, Xiaoqiong Tan, Guangqian Yang, Fenghong Zhao, Yaping Jin
The aim of this study was to explore changes in intracellular ATP generation and tight junction protein expression during the course of brain edema induced by subacute poisoning of 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE). Mice were exposed to 1.2 g/m3 1,2-DCE for 3.5 h per day for 1, 2, or 3 days, namely group A, B, and C. Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPase activity, ATP and lactic acid content, intracellular free Ca2+ concentration and ZO-1 and occludin expression in the brain were measured. Results of present study disclosed that Ca2+-ATPase activities in group B and C, and Na+/K+-ATPase activity in group C decreased, whereas intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations in group B and C increased significantly compared with control...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Alberto Katsumiti, Andrew J Thorley, Inmaculada Arostegui, Paul Reip, Eugenia Valsami-Jones, Teresa D Tetley, Miren P Cajaraville
There is a need to assess human and ecosystem health effects of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs), extensively used in many industrial products. Here, we aimed to determine the cytotoxicity and cellular mechanisms involved in the toxicity of CuO NPs in mussel cells (hemocytes and gill cells) in parallel with exposures to ionic Cu and bulk CuO, and to compare the sensitivity of mussel primary cells with a well-established human cell line (pulmonary TT1 cells). At similar doses, CuO NPs promoted dose-dependent cytotoxicity and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in mussel and human cells...
January 27, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Baoman Li, Jiaan Ren, Li Yang, Xiaowei Li, Guangfeng Sun, Maosheng Xia
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a type of long-term disability with a high morbidity rate in clinical settings for which there is no effective clinical treatment to date. Usually, lithium is used as a popular mood stabilizer. Recently, growing evidence has shown that lithium has clear neuroprotective effects after SCI, and the administration of lithium can effectively improve locomotor recovery. However, the exact neuroprotective mechanism of lithium is still not understood. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3β) is a serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in the neuroprotective effects of lithium both in vivo and in vitro...
February 5, 2018: Neurochemical Research
Tommaso Schirinzi, Federica Graziola, Raffaella Cusmai, Lucia Fusco, Francesco Nicita, Mirella Elia, Lorena Travaglini, Enrico Bertini, Paolo Curatolo, Federico Vigevano, Alessandro Capuano
BACKGROUND: Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) is a rare neurological disease caused by mutations in ATP1A3 gene codifying for alpha3 subunit of Na+-K+ ATPase pump. Repeated and transient attacks of hemiplegia, usually affecting one side of the body or the other, or both sides of the body at once, are the core features of AHC. Monocular nystagmus, other abnormalities in ocular movements, dystonic posturing and epilepsy are commonly associated to AHC. However, the spectrum of ATP1A3 related diseases is still expanding and new phenotypes have been reported...
January 26, 2018: Brain & Development
Yulong Hu, Zheng Wang, Nannan Ge, Ting Huang, Mingchao Zhang, Hegui Wang
Previous studies have found decreased functional capacity of the sodium pump (Na+-K+-ATPase) alpha and beta subunits and recovery of Na+-K+-ATPase activity significantly decreased myocyte apoptosis in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the potential role of the Na+-K+-ATPase α-2 subunit (ATP1A2) in cardiomyocyte anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) injury has not been elucidated. Rat myocardial cells were subjected to siRNA transfection followed by A/R injury. Apoptosis and expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress proteins CHOP, GRP78, and Caspase-12 were detected in four groups of cells: ATP1A2 siRNA + A/R; control siRNA + A/R; control; and A/R injury model...
February 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
X P Jing, Q H Peng, R Hu, H W Zou, H Z Wang, X Q Yu, J W Zhou, A A Degen, Z S Wang
Livestock on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau are faced with extreme harsh winters and are often in negative energy balance during this period. Dietary supplementation can improve growth performance of Tibetan sheep and, consequently, we hypothesized that it would also increase microbial abundance and rumen epithelium development. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effect of feed supplementation during the cold season on rumen microbes, fermentation, epithelium development and absorptive capability in Tibetan sheep...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Danny Christiansen, Robyn M Murphy, Jens Bangsbo, Christos G Stathis, David J Bishop
AIM: This study explored the effects of blood flow restriction (BFR) on mRNA responses of PGC-1α (total, 1α1, and 1α4) and Na+ ,K+ -ATPase isoforms (NKA; α1-3 , β1-3 , and FXYD1) to an interval running session, and determined if these effects were related to increased oxidative stress, hypoxia, and fibre type-specific AMPK and CaMKII signalling, in human skeletal muscle. METHODS: In a randomised, crossover fashion, eight healthy men (26 ± 5 y and 57.4 ± 6...
January 31, 2018: Acta Physiologica
Nathan A Smith, Benjamin T Kress, Yuan Lu, Devin Chandler-Militello, Abdellatif Benraiss, Maiken Nedergaard
Fluorescent Ca2+ indicators have been essential for the analysis of Ca2+ signaling events in various cell types. We showed that chemical Ca2+ indicators, but not a genetically encoded Ca2+ indicator, potently suppressed the activity of Na+- and K+-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (Na,K-ATPase), independently of their Ca2+ chelating activity. Loading of commonly used Ca2+ indicators, including Fluo-4 acetoxymethyl (AM), Rhod-2 AM, and Fura-2 AM, and of the Ca2+ chelator BAPTA AM into cultured mouse or human neurons, astrocytes, cardiomyocytes, or kidney proximal tubule epithelial cells suppressed Na,K-ATPase activity by 30 to 80%...
January 30, 2018: Science Signaling
Ciaran A Shaughnessy, Stephen D McCormick
The aims of this study were to assess whether thermal tolerance of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is affected during seawater (SW) acclimation and to investigate the role of cortisol in osmoregulation and thermal tolerance during SW acclimation. Freshwater (FW)-acclimated brook trout at 18 °C (Tacc) were exposed to SW for 16 d, whilst maintaining a FW control. Fish were examined for critical thermal maximum (CTmax) 0 (before), 2, 5, and 16 d after SW exposure, and sampled at Tacc and CTmax for analysis of plasma cortisol, glucose, and Cl-, gill Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) activity and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) abundance, and white muscle water content...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Anastasia Hodes, Tzuri Lifschytz, Haim Rosen, Hagit Cohen-Ben Ami, David Lichtstein
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe mental illness characterized by episodes of mania and depression. Numerous studies have implicated the involvement of endogenous cardiac steroids (CS), and their receptor, Na+, K+ -ATPase, in BD. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of brain oxidative stress in the CS-induced behavioral effects in mice. METHODS: Amphetamine (AMPH)-induced hyperactivity, assessed in the open-field test, served as a model for manic-like behavior in mice...
January 25, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Gil Y Yerushalmi, Lidiya Misyura, Heath A MacMillan, Andrew Donini
At low temperatures, Drosophila, like most insects, lose the ability to regulate ion and water balance across the gut epithelia, which can lead to a lethal increase of [K+] in the hemolymph (hyperkalemia). Cold-acclimation, the physiological response to a prior low temperature exposure, can mitigate or entirely prevent these ion imbalances, but the physiological mechanisms that facilitate this process are not well understood. Here, we test whether plasticity in the ionoregulatory physiology of the gut and Malpighian tubules of Drosophila may aid in preserving ion homeostasis in the cold...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Tapan Kumar Chourasia, Helena D'Cotta, Jean-Francois Baroiller, Tatiana Slosman, Avner Cnaani
Tilapiine species, widely distributed across habitats with diverse water salinities, are important to aquaculture as well as a laboratory model. The effects of water salinity on two tilapia species, that differ in their salinity tolerance, was evaluated. Oreochromis niloticus reared in brackish-water, showed a significant decrease in growth and feed efficiency, whereas O. mossambicus reared in seawater did not show any significant changes. The expression and activity of Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA), V-type H+-ATPase (VHA) and carbonic anhydrase (CA), as well as expression levels of genes encoding two HCO3- and three peptide transporters (nbc1, slc26a6, slc15a1a, slc15a1b and slc15a2) were measured in three intestinal sections of these two species, grown in freshwater and brackish/sea-water...
January 20, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
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