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Na+K+ATPase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913935/regulation-of-contractile-responses-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-under-conditions-of-hypoxia-reoxygenation
#1
S V Gusakova, Yu G Birulina, L V Smagliy, I V Kovalev, I V Petrova, A V Nosarev, S N Orlov
We analyzed the effects of hypoxia and reoxygenation on changes in contractile activity in rat aortic smooth muscles. Both hypoxia and reoxygenation induced relaxation of smooth muscle cells precontracted with high-potassium Krebs solution (30 mM KCl) or α1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine. Vasodilation resulted from enhancement of potassium permeability of smooth muscle cell membranes caused by activation of voltage-gated potassium channels (triggered by both precontracting agents) or by opening of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (phenylephrine)...
December 2, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909964/oxidative-stress-and-biochemical-markers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-organ-damage-under-conditions-of-experimental-nonferrous-metal-intoxication
#2
F S Dzugkoeva, I V Mozhaeva, S G Dzugkoev, O I Margieva, A I Tedtoeva, M A Otiev
Chronic nickel intoxication caused by parenteral nickel chloride administration (0.5 mg/kg of body weight) to Wistar rats led to ROS generation inducing LPO in erythrocyte membranes and homogenates of renal, liver, and myocardial tissue. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was inhibited, while catalase activity and ceruloplasmin concentration increased. LPO and its products disrupted nitric oxide production and reduced its bioavailability, which led to the development of endothelial dysfunction and impaired microcirculatory hemodynamics...
December 2, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907157/human-bone-derived-collagen-for-the-development-of-an-artificial-corneal-endothelial-graft-in-vivo-results-in-a-rabbit-model
#3
Natalia Vázquez, Manuel Chacón, Carlos A Rodríguez-Barrientos, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Miguel Naveiras, Begoña Baamonde, Jose F Alfonso, Iriana Zambrano-Andazol, Ana C Riestra, Álvaro Meana
Corneal keratoplasty (penetrating or lamellar) using cadaveric human tissue, is nowadays the main treatment for corneal endotelial dysfunctions. However, there is a worldwide shortage of donor corneas available for transplantation and about 53% of the world's population have no access to corneal transplantation. Generating a complete cornea by tissue engineering is still a tough goal, but an endothelial lamellar graft might be an easier task. In this study, we developed a tissue engineered corneal endothelium by culturing human corneal endothelial cells on a human purified type I collagen membrane...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904922/impacts-of-sediment-organic-matter-content-and-ph-on-ecotoxicity-of-coexposure-of-tio2-nanoparticles-and-cadmium-to-freshwater-snails-bellamya-aeruginosa
#4
Taowu Ma, Meng Wang, Shuangjiao Gong, Bin Tian
The environmental factors are expected to affect the ecotoxicity of heavy metals in the presence of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) in aquatic ecosystems. However, in sediment scenario, little is known regarding their impacts on the ecotoxicity of co-exposure of sediment-associated heavy metals and NPs. This study evaluated the impacts of different levels of organic matter (OM) (4.8-11.6%) and pH (6-9) on the ecotoxicological effects of co-exposure of sediment-associated titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) and cadmium (Cd) to a freshwater gastropod Bellamya aeruginosa...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903584/src-independent-erk-signaling-through-the-%C3%AE-3-isoform-of-na-k-atpase
#5
Namrata Madan, Yunhui Xu, Qiming Duan, Moumita Banerjee, Isabel Larre, Sandrine V Pierre, Zijian Xie
The Na/K-ATPase α1 polypeptide supports both ion pumping and signaling functions. The Na/K-ATPase α3 polypeptide differs from α1 in both its primary structure and its tissue distribution. Alpha3 expression seems particularly important in neurons, and recent clinical evidence supports a unique role of this isoform in normal brain function. The nature of this specific role of α3 has remained elusive, because the ubiquitous presence of α1 has hindered efforts to characterize α3-specific functions in mammalian cell systems...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901474/cerebellar-neurochemical-and-histopathological-changes-in-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-induced-by-intrastriatal-injection-of-rotenone
#6
Yasser A Khadrawy, Iman M Mourad, Haitham S Mohammed, Neveen A Noor, Heba S Aboul Ezz
The aim of the present work was to investigate the neurochemical changes induced in the cerebellum of rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Rats were divided into two groups; control and rat model of PD induced by the intrastriatal injection of rotenone. As compared to control, a significant increase in the excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters; glutamate and aspartate together with a significant decrease in the inhibitory amino acids, GABA, glycine and taurine were observed in the cerebellum of rat model of PD...
November 30, 2016: General Physiology and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895120/ankyrin-g-expression-regulates-apical-delivery-of-the-epithelial-sodium-channel-enac
#7
Christine A Klemens, Robert S Edinger, Lindsay Kightlinger, Xiaoning Liu, Michael B Butterworth
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is the limiting entry point for Na(+) reabsorption in the distal kidney nephron and is regulated by numerous hormones, including the mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone. Previously we identified ankyrin G (AnkG), a cytoskeletal protein involved in vesicular transport, as a novel aldosterone-induced protein that can alter Na(+) transport in mouse cortical collecting duct (mCCD) cells. However, the mechanisms underlying AnkG's regulation of Na(+) transport were unknown. Here we report that AnkG expression directly regulates Na(+) transport by altering ENaC activity in the apical membrane...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894666/ouabain-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-burkitt-s-lymphoma-raji-cells
#8
Li Meng, Yanting Wen, Min Zhou, Jian Li, Ting Wang, Peipei Xu, Jian Ouyang
The steroid Na+/K+-ATPase blocker ouabain has been shown to exhibit cytotoxic effects in various tumor cell systems. This study aimed to determine the effects of ouabain on Burkitt's lymphoma Raji cells. Ouabain treatment of Raji cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and increased the morphological changes associated with apoptosis. Additionally, increased numbers of both early and late apoptotic cells were observed by annexin V-FITC/PI flow cytometry assay. Increased levels of caspase-3 and cleaved-caspase-3, higher Bax activity and decreased expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 were detected in ouabain-treated Raji cells...
November 25, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891661/synergistic-effects-of-polydatin-and-vitamin-c-in-inhibiting-cardiotoxicity-induced-by-doxorubicin-in-rats
#9
Hui-Lin Wang, Xiao-Hua Cui, Hai-Lun Yu, Rong Wu, Xu Xu, Jian-Ping Gao
The purpose of this study was to assess the synergistic effect of polydatin and vitamin C on attenuating cardiotoxicity induced by doxorubicin (DOX) in rats. Polydatin could significantly increase the activity of SOD and the heart rate, attenuate myocardial pathological damage, decrease MDA content, slightly increase arterial pressure and GSH-Px activity, reduce intervals of QRS, QT and ST, and lower FFA content. The combination of polydatin and vitamin C could significantly increase arterial pressure and heart rate, decrease QRS interval and slightly reduce ST and QT intervals, significantly attenuate myocardial pathological damage, increase the activities of GSH-Px,T-SOD, Na(+) K(+) -ATPase and Ca(2+) Mg(2+) -ATPase, and elevate PCr and ATP contents, slightly increase ADP and TAN contents and PCr/ATP, and significantly decrease the contents of MDA and FFA, when compared with those in the DOX group...
November 28, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885043/aedes-aegypti-rhesus-glycoproteins-contribute-to-ammonia-excretion-by-larval-anal-papillae
#10
Andrea C Durant, Helen Chasiotis, Lidiya Misyura, Andrew Donini
In larval Aedes aegypti, transcripts of the Rhesus-like glycoproteins AeRh50-1 and AeRh50-2 have been detected in the anal papillae, sites of ammonia (NH3/NH4(+)) excretion; however, these putative ammonia transporters have not been previously localised or functionally characterized. In this study we show that the AeRh50s co-immunolocalise with apical V-type H(+) ATPase as well as with basal Na(+)/K(+) ATPase in the epithelium of anal papillae. The double-stranded RNA mediated knockdown of AeRh50-1 and AeRh50-2 resulted in a significant reduction in AeRh50 protein abundance in the anal papillae and this was coupled to decreased ammonia excretion...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883089/hydrogen-sulfide-and-or-ammonia-reduces-spermatozoa-motility-through-ampk-akt-related-pathways
#11
Yong Zhao, Wei-Dong Zhang, Xin-Qi Liu, Peng-Fei Zhang, Ya-Nan Hao, Lan Li, Liang Chen, Wei Shen, Xiang-Fang Tang, Ling-Jiang Min, Qing-Shi Meng, Shu-Kun Wang, Bao Yi, Hong-Fu Zhang
A number of emerging studies suggest that air pollutants such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and ammonia (NH3) may cause a decline in spermatozoa motility. The impact and underlying mechanisms are currently unknown. Boar spermatozoa (in vitro) and peripubertal male mice (in vivo) were exposed to H2S and/or NH3 to evaluate the impact on spermatozoa motility. Na2S and/or NH4Cl reduced the motility of boar spermatozoa in vitro. Na2S and/or NH4Cl disrupted multiple signaling pathways including decreasing Na(+)/K(+) ATPase activity and protein kinase B (AKT) levels, activating Adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN), and increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) to diminish boar spermatozoa motility...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882008/increase-in-activity-of-na-k-atpase-by-porphyrin-compounds-as-treatment-for-dysnatremias-caused-by-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Abdul Hai, Nadeem Kizilbash
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the action of Porphyrin compounds, Tetraphenylporphine sulfonate (TPPS), 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrinato Iron(III) Chloride (FeTPPS) and 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrinato Iron(III) nitrosyl Chloride (FeNOTPPS), on Na+, K+ -ATPase of cell membrane of erythrocytes. METHODS: Enzymatic assays, measuring the amount of inorganic phosphate produced, were used to estimate the activity of Na(+), K(+)-ATPase...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881775/a-biophysical-model-for-cytotoxic-cell-swelling
#13
Koen Dijkstra, Jeannette Hofmeijer, Stephan A van Gils, Michel J A M van Putten
: We present a dynamic biophysical model to explain neuronal swelling underlying cytotoxic edema in conditions of low energy supply, as observed in cerebral ischemia. Our model contains Hodgkin-Huxley-type ion currents, a recently discovered voltage-gated chloride flux through the ion exchanger SLC26A11, active KCC2-mediated chloride extrusion, and ATP-dependent pumps. The model predicts changes in ion gradients and cell swelling during ischemia of various severity or channel blockage with realistic timescales...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881572/the-roles-of-the-na-k-atpase-nkcc-and-k-channels-in-regulating-local-sweating-and-cutaneous-blood-flow-during-exercise-in-humans-in%C3%A2-vivo
#14
Jeffrey C Louie, Naoto Fujii, Robert D Meade, Glen P Kenny
Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase has been shown to regulate the sweating and cutaneous vascular responses during exercise; however, similar studies have not been conducted to assess the roles of the Na-K-2Cl co-transporter (NKCC) and K(+) channels. Additionally, it remains to be determined if these mechanisms underpinning the heat loss responses differ with exercise intensity. Eleven young (24 ± 4 years) males performed three 30-min semirecumbent cycling bouts at low (30% VO2peak), moderate (50% VO2peak), and high (70% VO2peak) intensity, respectively, each separated by 20-min recovery periods...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875305/-englerin-a-evoked-cytotoxicity-is-mediated-by-na-influx-and-counteracted-by-na-k-atpase
#15
Melanie J Ludlow, Hannah J Gaunt, Hussein N Rubaiy, Katie E Musialowski, Nicola M Blythe, Naveen S Vasudev, Katsuhiko Muraki, David J Beech
(-)-Englerin A ((-)-EA) has a rapid and potent cytotoxic effect on several types of cancer cell that is mediated by plasma membrane ion channels containing Transient Receptor Potential Canonical 4 protein (TRPC4). Since these channels are Ca2+ permeable it was initially thought that the cytotoxicity arose as a consequence of Ca2+ overload. Here we show that this is not the case and that the effect of (-)-EA is mediated by a heteromer of TRPC4 and TRPC1 proteins. Both TRPC4 and TRPC1 were required for (-)-EA cytotoxicity, however, although TRPC4 was necessary for the (-)-EA-evoked Ca2+-elevation, TRPC1 was not...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873288/cardioprotective-effect-of-aloe-vera-biomacromolecules-conjugated-with-selenium-trace-element-on-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#16
Yang Yang, Ming Yang, Fen Ai, Congxin Huang
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cardioprotection potential and underlying molecular mechanism afforded by a selenium (Se) polysaccharide (Se-AVP) from Aloe vera in the ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model of rats in vivo. Myocardial I/R injury was induced by occluding the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) for 30 min followed by 2-h continuous reperfusion. Pretreatment with Se-AVP (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg) attenuated myocardial damage, as evidenced by reduction of the infarct sizes, increase in serum and myocardial endogenous antioxidants (superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH), and catalase (CAT)), and decrease in the malondialdehyde (MDA) level in the rats suffering I/R injury...
November 21, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872851/developmental-toxicity-of-carbon-quantum-dots-to-the-embryos-larvae-of-rare-minnow-gobiocypris-rarus
#17
Yuan-Yuan Xiao, Li Liu, Yao Chen, Yu-Lian Zeng, Ming-Zhi Liu, Li Jin
The toxic effects of CDs on rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) embryos at different developmental stages were investigated. The results showed that rare minnow embryos had decreased spontaneous movements, body length, increased heart rate, pericardial edema, yolk sac edema, tail/spinal curvature, various morphological malformations, and decreased hatching rate. Biochemical analysis showed the CDs exposure significantly inhibited the activity of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase and Ca(2+)-ATPase and increased the MDA contents and the activity of SOD, CAT, and GPX...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871891/long-term-alcohol-exposure-elicits-hippocampal-nonsynaptic-epileptiform-activity-changes-associated-with-expression-and-functional-changes-in-nkcc1-kcc2-co-transporters-and-na-k-atpase
#18
Luiz E C Santos, Antônio M Rodrigues, Mariana R Lopes, Victor D C Costa, Carla A Scorza, Fulvio A Scorza, Esper A Cavalheiro, Antônio-Carlos G Almeida
Nonsynaptic mechanism changes, particularly the enhancement of NKCC1 expression in the dentate gyrus (DG) after 4weeks of ethanol consumption, motivate the present work, in which rats were submitted to a period of chronic consumption (12weeks). Four groups of six animals (6-week-old male Wistar rats) were formed, including the control (C), ethanol 1 (E1), ethanol 2 (E2) and ethanol 3 (E3) groups. The rats in the E1, E2 and E3 groups were treated daily with a 30% v/v solution of ethanol, administered via oral gavage (1...
November 18, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871800/zymosan-induced-immune-challenge-modifies-the-stress-response-of-hypoxic-air-breathing-fish-anabas-testudineus-bloch-evidence-for-reversed-patterns-of-cortisol-and-thyroid-hormone-interaction-differential-ion-transporter-functions-and-non-specific-immune-response
#19
S Simi, Valsa S Peter, M C Subhash Peter
Fishes have evolved physiological mechanisms to exhibit stress response, where hormonal signals interact with an array of ion transporters and regulate homeostasis. As major ion transport regulators in fish, cortisol and thyroid hormones have been shown to interact and fine-tune the stress response. Likewise, in fishes many interactions have been identified between stress and immune components, but the physiological basis of such interaction has not yet delineated particularly in air-breathing fish. We, therefore, investigated the responses of thyroid hormones and cortisol, ion transporter functions and non-specific immune response of an obligate air-breathing fish Anabas testudineus Bloch to zymosan treatment or hypoxia stress or both, to understand how immune challenge modifies the pattern of stress response in this fish...
November 18, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866192/dietary-genistein-rescues-reduced-basal-chloride-secretion-in-diabetic-jejunum-via-sex-dependent-mechanisms
#20
Shawn Catmull, Faisal Masood, Sydney Schacht, Robert Dolan, Daniel Stegman, Lana Leung, Layla Al-Nakkash
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The goal of this study was to determine the effect of dietary genistein (naturally occurring phytoestrogen) on jejunal secretory function in a clinically relevant model of diabetes and obesity, the leptin-defIcient ob/ob mouse. METHODS: We measured transepithelial short circuit current (Isc), across freshly isolated segments of jejunum from 12-week old male and female ob/ob and lean C57Bl/6J mice fed a genistein diet (600 mg genistein/kg diet) for 4-weeks...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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