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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817641/honey-bee-apis-mellifera-colony-health-and-pathogen-composition-in-migratory-beekeeping-operations-involved-in-california-almond-pollination
#1
William Glenny, Ian Cavigli, Katie F Daughenbaugh, Rosemarie Radford, Susan E Kegley, Michelle L Flenniken
Honey bees are important pollinators of agricultural crops. Pathogens and other factors have been implicated in high annual losses of honey bee colonies in North America and some European countries. To further investigate the relationship between multiple factors, including pathogen prevalence and abundance and colony health, we monitored commercially managed migratory honey bee colonies involved in California almond pollination in 2014. At each sampling event, honey bee colony health was assessed, using colony population size as a proxy for health, and the prevalence and abundance of seven honey bee pathogens was evaluated using PCR and quantitative PCR, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800819/estimation-of-the-probability-of-bacterial-population-survival-development-of-a-probability-model-to-describe-the-variability-in-time-to-inactivation-of-salmonella-enterica
#2
Kento Koyama, Hidekazu Hokunan, Mayumi Hasegawa, Shuso Kawamura, Shigenobu Koseki
Despite the development of numerous predictive microbial inactivation models, a model focusing on the variability in time to inactivation for a bacterial population has not been developed. Additionally, an appropriate estimation of the risk of there being any remaining bacterial survivors in foods after the application of an inactivation treatment has not yet been established. Here, Gamma distribution, as a representative probability distribution, was used to estimate the variability in time to inactivation for a bacterial population...
December 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773234/use-of-almond-shells-and-rice-husk-as-fillers-of-poly-methyl-methacrylate-pmma-composites
#3
Alessandra Sabbatini, Silvia Lanari, Carlo Santulli, Claudio Pettinari
In recent years, wood fibres have often been applied as the reinforcement of thermoplastic materials, such as polypropylene, whereas their use in combination with thermosetting resin has been less widespread. This study concerns the production of PMMA-based composites by partly replacing alumina trihydrate (ATH) with wood waste fillers, namely rice husks and almond shells, which would otherwise be disposed by incineration. The amount of filler introduced was limited to 10% as regards rice husks and 10 or 15% almond shells, since indications provided by reactivity tests and viscosity measurements did not suggest the feasibility of total replacement of ATH...
July 28, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766350/the-impact-of-using-different-doses-of-progesterone-on-memory-performance
#4
A Roozbehi, M T Sharafi, F Karimi, A M Kamali
OBJECTIVE: Progesterone is a sex hormone and its receptors are expressed throughout the hippocampus. This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of different doses of progesterone on memory. METHODS: Male rats were arbitrarily assigned to nine groups, namely Group I: control, Group II: control-cannula, Group III received 0.5 μl of saline by cannula, Groups IV , V, VI, VII and VIII received progesterone in doses of 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, and 3 μg/ 0.5 μl by cannula, respectively...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764053/modulating-conversion-of-isoflavone-glycosides-to-aglycones-using-crude-beta-glycosidase-extracts-from-almonds-and-processed-soy
#5
J H Ahn-Jarvis, M D Teegarden, S J Schwartz, K Lee, Y Vodovotz
Food processing alters the physicochemical state of soy which can enhance chemical and enzymatic conversion of isoflavones to their aglycone forms. This study investigated the role of β-glycosidase from processed soy-ingredient mixture (SIM) or almonds, and examined the impact of isoflavone composition in mediating conversion to aglycones. β-Glycosidase activity was quantified using p-nitrophenol-β-d-glucopyranoside and SIM isoflavone extracts. Almond β-glycosidase activity was significantly (p<0.001) reduced after roasting (99% reduction) or steaming (97% reduction) compared to raw almonds...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762106/depression-symptoms-in-haemodialysis-patients-predict-all-cause-mortality-but-not-kidney-transplantation-a-cause-specific-outcome-analysis
#6
Joseph Chilcot, Ayman Guirguis, Karin Friedli, Michael Almond, Clara Day, Maria Da Silva-Gane, Andrew Davenport, Naomi A Fineberg, Benjamin Spencer, David Wellsted, Ken Farrington
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in haemodialysis (HD) patients and associated with poor outcomes. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether depression symptoms predict survival and transplantation in a large sample of haemodialysis patients using cause-specific survival models. METHODS: Survival data was collected between April 2013 and November 2015, as part of the screening phase of a multicentre randomised placebo-controlled trial of sertraline in HD patients...
July 31, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760002/measuring-racial-microaggression-in-medical-practice
#7
Amanda Lee Almond
The purpose of this study was to validate the already existing Racial Microaggression in Counseling Scale (RMCS) when the term 'therapist' was replaced with 'physician', thus constituting the modification as the Racial Microaggression in Medical Practice Scale (RMMPS). Racial microaggressions work at reinforcing inferior social status on a cognitive level. Unlike overt racism, messages behind microaggression are subtler and more every day. A lack of acceptance, respect, and regard emerges from interactions in medical contexts as there are layers of in-group and out-group statuses at play (e...
August 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759734/the-effect-of-dairy-and-non-dairy-beverages-consumed-with-high-glycemic-cereal-on-subjective-appetite-food-intake-and-post-prandial-glycemia-in-young-adults
#8
Marron Law, Pedro S P Huot, Ying Ti Lee, Shirley Vien, Bohdan L Luhovyy, G Harvey Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of dairy and non-dairy beverages when consumed with carbohydrate at breakfast on subjective appetite, food intake (FI) and post-prandial glycemia (PPG) in healthy young adults. DESIGN: Twenty-six healthy males and females (13 males and 13 females; 23.0 + 2.6 years; BMI: 22.3 + 1.5 kg/m2) participated in a randomized crossover study. They consumed non-isocaloric amounts (250 mL) of almond beverage, soy beverage, 1% fat milk, yogurt beverage and water (control) with cereal and 120 min later, an ad libitum meal...
July 31, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757219/olivine-dolomite-and-ceramic-filters-in-one-vessel-to-produce-clean-gas-from-biomass
#9
Sergio Rapagnà, Katia Gallucci, Pier Ugo Foscolo
Heavy organic compounds produced during almond shells gasification in a steam and/or air atmosphere, usually called tar, are drastically reduced in the product gas by using simultaneously in one vessel a ceramic filter placed in the freeboard and a mixture of olivine and dolomite particles in the fluidized bed of the gasifier. The content of tar in the product gas during a reference gasification test with air, in presence of fresh olivine particles only, was 8600mg/Nm(3) of dry gas. By gasifying biomass with steam at the same temperature level of 820°C in a bed of olivine and dolomite (20% by weight), and in the presence of a catalytic ceramic filter inserted in the freeboard of the fluidized bed gasifier, the level of tar was brought down to 57mg/Nm(3) of dry producct gas, with a decrease of more than two orders of magnitude...
July 27, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755904/synthesis-and-application-of-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-for-the-selective-extraction-of-organophosphorus-pesticides-from-vegetable-oils
#10
Sara Boulanouar, Audrey Combès, Sakina Mezzache, Valérie Pichon
The increasing use of pesticides in agriculture causes environmental issues and possible serious health risks to humans and animals. Their determination at trace concentrations in vegetable oils constitutes a significant analytical challenge. Therefore, their analysis often requires both an extraction and a purification step prior to separation with liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectrometry (MS) detection. This work aimed at developing sorbents that are able to selectively extract from vegetable oil samples several organophosphorus (OPs) pesticides presenting a wide range of physico-chemical properties...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750931/factor-h-autoantibody-is-associated-with-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-in-children-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#11
Vicky Brocklebank, Sally Johnson, Thomas P Sheerin, Stephen D Marks, Rodney D Gilbert, Kay Tyerman, Meredith Kinoshita, Atif Awan, Amrit Kaur, Nicholas Webb, Shivaram Hegde, Eric Finlay, Maggie Fitzpatrick, Patrick R Walsh, Edwin K S Wong, Caroline Booth, Larissa Kerecuk, Alan D Salama, Mike Almond, Carol Inward, Timothy H Goodship, Neil S Sheerin, Kevin J Marchbank, David Kavanagh
Factor H autoantibodies can impair complement regulation, resulting in atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, predominantly in childhood. There are no trials investigating treatment, and clinical practice is only informed by retrospective cohort analysis. Here we examined 175 children presenting with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome in the United Kingdom and Ireland for factor H autoantibodies that included 17 children with titers above the international standard. Of the 17, seven had a concomitant rare genetic variant in a gene encoding a complement pathway component or regulator...
July 24, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749419/consuming-almonds-vs-isoenergetic-baked-food-does-not-differentially-influence-postprandial-appetite-or-neural-reward-responses-to-visual-food-stimuli
#12
R Drew Sayer, Jaapna Dhillon, Gregory G Tamer, Marc-Andre Cornier, Ningning Chen, Amy J Wright, Wayne W Campbell, Richard D Mattes
Nuts have high energy and fat contents, but nut intake does not promote weight gain or obesity, which may be partially explained by their proposed high satiety value. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of consuming almonds versus a baked food on postprandial appetite and neural responses to visual food stimuli. Twenty-two adults (19 women and 3 men) with a BMI between 25 and 40 kg/m² completed the current study during a 12-week behavioral weight loss intervention. Participants consumed either 28 g of whole, lightly salted roasted almonds or a serving of a baked food with equivalent energy and macronutrient contents in random order on two testing days prior to and at the end of the intervention...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734448/alternative-strategy-for-biventricular-assist-device-in-an-infant-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#13
John C Dykes, Olaf Reinhartz, Christopher S Almond, Vamsi Yarlagadda, Jenna Murray, David N Rosenthal, Katsuhide Maeda
We report an infant with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent biventricular assist device placement with two 15-mL Berlin Heart EXCOR pediatric ventricular assist devices using an alternative atrial cannulation strategy. The systemic circulation was supported by left atrium (LA) to aorta cannulation. The LA was accessed through the right atrium by extending a 6-mm EXCOR cannula with a Gore-Tex graft connected to an atrial septal defect. The pulmonary circulation was supported with cannulation of the right atrium to pulmonary artery...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729554/comparison-of-traditional-and-new-generation-dna-markers-declares-high-genetic-diversity-and-differentiated-population-structure-of-wild-almond-species
#14
Karim Sorkheh, Mehrana Koohi Dehkordi, Sezai Ercisli, Attila Hegedus, Júlia Halász
Wild almond species as sources of genetic variation may have crucial importance in breeding. A total of 389 accessions of 18 species have been analysed using inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism (IRAP), retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism (REMAP), sequence-specific amplification polymorphism (S-SAP), amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and simple sequence repeats (SSR). Retrotransposon markers indicated the presence and movement of some Ty3-gypsy and Ty1-copia-elements in almond genome...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724089/grower-analysis-of-organic-matter-amendments-in-california-orchards
#15
Sat Darshan S Khalsa, Patrick H Brown
Organic matter amendments supply crop nutrients and enhance soil health, yet information specific to orchards is lacking. A survey was conducted to analyze use of these materials by California almond [ (Mill.) D.A. Webb] growers. Significant differences were observed for benefits, concerns, and accessibility to manure and green waste sources and between users and nonusers. Use patterns were significantly influenced by heavy and light users, farm size, and geographic region. Enhanced soil biology was the main benefit attributed to organic matter amendments by both users and nonusers...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712678/impact-of-the-18th-birthday-on-waitlist-outcomes-among-young-adults-listed-for-heart-transplant-a-regression-discontinuity-analysis
#16
David M Peng, Qiuying Qu, Nancy McDonald, Seth A Hollander, Daniel Bernstein, Katsuhide Maeda, Beth D Kaufman, David N Rosenthal, Doff B McElhinney, Christopher S Almond
BACKGROUND: Patients listed for heart transplant after their 18th birthday purportedly wait longer to receive a donor heart compared with patients listed before their 18th birthday. It is unclear whether there is an actual difference in wait times and whether any difference in wait time is associated with lower likelihood of transplant and/or higher risk of mortality. METHODS: Organ procurement and transplant network data were used to identify all patients listed for heart transplant between 2006 and 2014 within a 1-year period before and after their 18th birthday...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709895/improved-production-and-characterization-of-a-highly-stable-laccase-from-the-halophilic-bacterium-chromohalobacter-salexigens-for-the-efficient-delignification-of-almond-shell-bio-waste
#17
Nasrin Jafari, Shahla Rezaei, Rezvan Rezaie, Haleh Dilmaghani, Mohammad Reza Khoshayand, Mohammad Ali Faramarzi
Extremozymes have gained importance for their ability to efficiently develop the processes in rigorous industrial conditions with incidence in the recycling of especially robust natural wastes. The production of an extracellular laccase from the halophilic bacterium Chromohalobacter salexigens aided for the bio-delignification of almond shell was optimized using response surface methodology followed by one-factor-at-a-time, resulting in an 80-fold increase in the enzyme yield. Out of 10 different medium components, CuSO4, ZnSO4, glucose, and urea were shown to have the greatest effects on the laccase production...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699726/in-vitro-digestibility-study-of-some-plant-protein-sources-as-aquafeed-for-carps-labeo-rohita-and-cyprinus-carpio-using-ph-stat-method
#18
Jai Gopal Sharma, Ashok Kumar, Deepak Saini, Nawang Lendup Targay, Bronson Kumar Khangembam, Rina Chakrabarti
Aquaculture, as a promising food industry, is expected to meet the demand for quality food from the increasing human population. As the diet is critical for feeding farm fish, such a faster growth in the industry is destined to create stress in the fishmeal market to supply diets to the tune. In this context, here, we studied the protein content of 20 plant ingredients, including aquatic weeds, cereals, pulses and oil-cakes using micro-Kjeldahl method and evaluated in vitro digestibility of these ingredients for rohu Labeo rohita and common carp Cyprinus carpio using pH-Stat method...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698509/almond-skin-extracts-abrogate-hsv-1-replication-by-blocking-virus-binding-to-the-cell
#19
Carlo Bisignano, Giuseppina Mandalari, Antonella Smeriglio, Domenico Trombetta, Maria Musarra Pizzo, Rosamaria Pennisi, Maria Teresa Sciortino
The aim of the present research was to determine the effect of almond skin extracts on herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) replication. Drug-resistant strains of HSV frequently develop following therapeutic treatment. Therefore, the discovery of novel anti-HSV drugs deserves great effort. Here, we tested both natural (NS) and blanched (BS) polyphenols-rich almond skin extracts against HSV-1. HPLC analysis showed that the prevalent compounds in NS and BS extracts contributing to their antioxidant activity were quercetin, epicatechin and catechin...
July 10, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695324/the-effect-of-almonds-on-vitamin-e-status-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Hana Jung, C-Y Oliver Chen, Jeffrey B Blumberg, Ho-Kyung Kwak
PURPOSE: Almonds have shown to beneficially modify some cardiovascular risk factors in clinical trials conducted in diverse ethnic populations but this relationship has never been tested in Koreans. Thus, we tested the impact of almonds consumed as a snack within the context of a typical Korean diet on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, crossover trial in a free-living setting with a 2-week run-in period, two 4-week intervention phases, and a 2-week washout period between interventions...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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