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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941833/mental-well-being-of-older-people-in-finland-during-the-first-year-in-senior-housing-and-its-association-with-physical-performance
#1
Sinikka Lotvonen, Helvi Kyngäs, Pentti Koistinen, Risto Bloigu, Satu Elo
Growing numbers of older people relocate to senior housing, when their physical or mental performance declines. The relocation is known to be one of the most stressful events in the life of older people and affect their mental and physical well-being. More information about the relationships between mental and physical parameters is required. We examined self-reported mental well-being of 81 older people (aged 59⁻93, living in northern Finland), and changes in it 3 and 12 months after relocation to senior housing...
June 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935577/general-anaesthesia-as-fragmentation-of-selfhood-insights-from-electroencephalography-and-neuroimaging
#2
REVIEW
J Sleigh, C Warnaby, I Tracey
Selfhood is linked to brain processes that enable the experience of a person as a distinct entity, capable of agency. This framework naturally incorporates a continuum of both non-conscious and conscious self-related information processing, and includes a hierarchy of components, such as awareness of existence (core self), embodied self (sentience), executive self (agency/volition), and various other higher-order cognitive processes. Consciousness relates to, but is not congruent, with selfhood; understanding the processes required for selfhood can explain the partial consciousness seen in anaesthesia...
July 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934562/losing-sleep-over-lipids
#3
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920262/neuroethology-fur-seals-don-t-lose-sleep-over-rem-lost-at-sea
#4
Gianina Ungurean, Niels C Rattenborg
Northern fur seals forego large amounts of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep when sleeping in water, but remain healthy and do not recover this loss once back on land, challenging current theories for the function of REM sleep.
June 18, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796354/a-gender-based-comparison-in-health-behaviors-and-state-of-happiness-among-university-students
#5
Rehana Rehman, Amara Zafar, Aleena Mohib, Mukhtiar Baig
Objective The presence of good healthy behaviors among university students is imperative for their future life. This study aimed to compare positive health behaviors and state of happiness between the two genders of Bahria University (BU), Karachi, Pakistan. Subjects and methods This cross-sectional study was conducted at BU, Karachi, Pakistan. A total 813 students participated in this study. The health questionnaire, adapted from Health and Behavior Survey and the Subjective Happiness Scale, was used to assess self-reported happiness...
March 19, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780978/i-ll-be-back-on-the-multiple-lives-of-users-of-a-mobile-activity-tracking-application
#6
Zhiyuan Lin, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications that track activities, such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. While these activity tracking applications have the potential to improve our health, user engagement and retention are critical factors for their success. However, long-term user engagement patterns in real-world activity tracking applications are not yet well understood. Here we study user engagement patterns within a mobile physical activity tracking application consisting of 115 million logged activities taken by over a million users over 31 months...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762414/losing-sleep-over-delirium
#7
Rakesh C Arora, Colm Cunningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736353/parent-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-concussion-related-to-youth-football
#8
Brian Rieger, Lawrence Lewandowski, Heather Potts, Kyle Potter, Lawrence S Chin
Introduction There is increased concern about concussion in youth athletes, yet there is little research on parent knowledge of concussion. Purpose  The purpose of the current study was to investigate attitudes to and knowledge of concussion among parents of youth football players. Methods We surveyed 180 parents/guardians of youth football players, ages 5-12, regarding their knowledge and beliefs concerning concussion. Results We found that the vast majority of respondents (86%) had confidence in their ability to recognize concussions...
March 4, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669539/cross-sectional-associations-between-weight-related-health-behaviors-and-weight-misperception-among-u-s-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#9
Samantha L Hahn, Kelley A Borton, Kendrin R Sonneville
BACKGROUND: Weight misperception occurs when there is a discrepancy between one's actual and perceived weight status. Among adolescents with overweight/obesity, many believe that correcting weight misperception is imperative to inspire weight-related behavior change. However, past research has shown that adolescents with overweight/obesity who misperceive their weight status gain less weight over time compared to accurate perceivers. Therefore, our objective was to examine possible mechanisms underlying this relationship...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598850/evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-complications-after-bariatric-surgery
#10
D Quilliot, M-A Sirveaux, C Nomine-Criqui, T Fouquet, N Reibel, L Brunaud
The decision to perform a bariatric surgical procedure, the conclusion of a clinical pathway in which management is individually adapted to each patient, is taken after multidisciplinary consultation. Paradoxically, the patients who would most benefit from surgery are also those who have the highest operative risk. In practice, predictive factors of mortality and severe postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo>III) must be used to evaluate the benefit/risk ratio most objectively. The main risk factors are age, male gender, body mass index, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, insulin resistance and diabetes, tobacco abuse, cardiovascular disease, ability to lose weight before surgery, hypoalbuminemia and functional disability...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589988/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-morbid-obesity-at-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center
#11
Matthew Skancke, Clint Schoolfield, Robert Grossman, Jennifer C Kerns, Nicole Abel, Fredrick Brody
BACKGROUND: Class III obesity is a global health emergency associated with an increase in the incidence of many other diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cancer, obstructive sleep apnea, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, osteoarthritis, infertility, and mental health disorders. Minimal work has been published regarding the efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in the veteran population to surgically manage morbid obesity. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of LSG performed at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) between 2010 and 2017...
June 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555349/losing-memories-during-sleep-after-targeted-memory-reactivation
#12
Katharine C N S Simon, Rebecca L Gómez, Lynn Nadel
Targeting memories during sleep opens powerful and innovative ways to influence the mind. We used targeted memory reactivation (TMR), which to date has been shown to strengthen learned episodes, to instead induce forgetting (TMR-Forget). Participants were first trained to associate the act of forgetting with an auditory forget tone. In a second, separate, task they learned object-sound-location pairings. Shortly thereafter, some of the object sounds were played during slow wave sleep, paired with the forget tone to induce forgetting...
May 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526815/weight-loss-trajectories-and-adverse-childhood-experience-among-obese-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#13
Dana L Rofey, Nermeen E El Nokali, Lovie J Jackson Foster, Emily Seiler, Heather L McCauley, Elizabeth Miller
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of childhood trauma and family history of psychiatric illness on weight loss trajectories of obese, female adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: PCOS and adolescent medicine outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were, on average, 15.8 years of age, 80% Caucasian (39/49 participants), and had a body mass index of 36.8 ± 8...
August 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502448/the-independent-effects-of-match-location-match-result-and-the-quality-of-opposition-on-subjective-wellbeing-in-under-23-soccer-players-a-case-study
#14
Will Abbott, Thomas E Brownlee, Liam D Harper, Robert J Naughton, Tom Clifford
This study examined if subjective wellbeing in soccer players was affected by match location, match result and opposition quality before a match (PRE), 1 day after (POST-1), and 3 days after a match (POST-3). Eleven professional male soccer players from the under 23 squad playing in the Premier League 2 division completed a wellbeing questionnaire before and after 17 matches. Match training load (session-rating perceived exertion) was not different, regardless of the location, result, or quality of opposition faced (P > 0...
March 4, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422040/combined-diet-and-physical-activity-is-better-than-diet-or-physical-activity-alone-at-improving-health-outcomes-for-patients-in-new-zealand-s-primary-care-intervention
#15
Catherine Anne Elliot, Michael John Hamlin
BACKGROUND: A dearth of knowledge exists regarding how multiple health behavior changes made within an exercise prescription programme can improve health parameters. This study aimed to analyse the impact of changing diet and increasing exercise on health improvements among exercise prescription patients. METHODS: In 2016, a representative sample of all enroled New Zealand exercise prescription programme (Green Prescription) patients were surveyed (N = 1488, 29% male, 46% ≥ 60 yr)...
February 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406294/evidence-corner-taking-itch-seriously
#16
Laura Bolton
Dear Readers, Itching (pruritus) of a wound, scar, or dermatologic disorder can negatively impact a patient's quality of life, resulting in injurious scratching1 or impeded rehabilitation.2 Like pain, itch can cause the su erer to lose sleep and appetite or even consider suicide.3,4 Clinical measures of pruritus have proved reliable and valid in individuals with burn wounds, dermatologic conditions, or urticaria5-7 or resulting scars,2 allowing studies to clarify its impact on human experience and compare the e ects of interventions to reduce itching...
January 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345537/postmatch-perceived-exertion-feeling-and-wellness-in-professional-soccer-players
#17
Mohamed Saifeddin Fessi, Wassim Moalla
PURPOSE: To assess postmatch perceived exertion, feeling, and wellness according to the match outcome (winning, drawing, or losing) in professional soccer players. METHODS: In total, 12 outfield players were followed during 52 official matches where the outcomes (win, draw, or lose) were noted. Following each match, players completed both a 10-point Borg scale modified by Foster and an 11-point Hardy and Rejeski scale rating of perceived feeling. Rating of perceived sleep quality, stress, fatigue, and muscle soreness was collected separately on a 7-point scale the day following each match...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296085/epilepsy-in-patients-with-autism-links-risks-and-treatment-challenges
#18
REVIEW
Frank Mc Besag
Autism is more common in people with epilepsy, approximately 20%, and epilepsy is more common in people with autism with reported rates of approximately 20%. However, these figures are likely to be affected by the current broader criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which have contributed to an increased prevalence of autism, with the result that the rate for ASD in epilepsy is likely to be higher and the figure for epilepsy in ASD is likely to be lower. Some evidence suggests that there are two peaks of epilepsy onset in autism, in infancy and adolescence...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239771/burnout-among-chinese-adult-reconstructive-surgeons-incidence-risk-factors-and-relationship-with-intraoperative-irritability
#19
Hanlong Zheng, Hongyi Shao, Yixin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations, mainly characterizing in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. There is very limited research dealing with burnout in orthopedic surgeons. Exploring burnout prevalence, risk factors, and intraoperative irritability-related incidences is necessary to improve the quality of life for surgeons. METHODS: The study population consisted of 202 registered adult reconstructive doctors in China. Burnout was measured using a normalized translated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey...
April 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056223/losing-sleep-over-your-health
#20
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: EBioMedicine
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