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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490652/restless-legs-syndrome-losing-sleep-over-the-placebo-response
#1
EDITORIAL
Andrew Feigin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455679/weight-loss-and-improvement-in-comorbidity-differences-at-5-10-15-and-over
#2
REVIEW
Donna H Ryan, Sarah Ryan Yockey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One begins to see improvement in glycemic measures and triglycerides with small amounts of weight loss, but with greater levels of weight loss there is even greater improvement. In fact, the relationship between weight loss and glycemia is one that is very close. RECENT FINDINGS: This is fortunate for diabetes prevention; it takes only small amounts of weight loss to prevent progression to type 2 diabetes from impaired glucose tolerance, and after the 10 kg of weight loss, one cannot demonstrate much additional improvement in risk reduction...
April 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401379/kidney-lung-pathophysiological-crosstalk-its-characteristics-and-importance
#3
REVIEW
Pilar Domenech, Tomas Perez, Agustina Saldarini, Pedro Uad, Carlos G Musso
Crosstalk between the lung and the kidney is based on the similarities that these organs share. This is why different diseases that affect one organ can have repercussions on the other. Patients with acute kidney injury can present complications such as pulmonary edema and require mechanical ventilation in respiratory failure. This interaction occurs due to the increase in systemic immune mediators that cause inflammatory reactions, oxidative stress, and an increase in vascular permeability in the lung. With regard to lung-induced renal damage, the kidney can also be affected by chemical mediators, which are translocated into the bloodstream...
April 11, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328717/perceived-sleep-quality-mood-states-and-their-relationship-with-performance-among-brazilian-elite-athletes-during-a-competitive-period
#4
Ricardo Brandt, Guilherme G Bevilacqua, Alexandro Andrade
Brandt, R, Bevilacqua, GG, and Andrade, A. Perceived sleep quality, mood states, and their relationship with performance among Brazilian elite athletes during a competitive period. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 1033-1039, 2017-We described the perceived sleep quality and mood states of elite athletes during a competitive period, and clarified their relationship to athletes' sport performance. Participants were 576 Brazilian elite athletes (404 men and 172 women) of individual and team sports. Mood states were evaluated using the Brunel Mood Scale, whereas perceived sleep quality was evaluated using a single question ("How would you evaluate the quality of your sleep in the last few days?")...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251995/sleep-gaining-sleep-while-losing-synapses
#5
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193599/an-online-intervention-comparing-a-very-low-carbohydrate-ketogenic-diet-and-lifestyle-recommendations-versus-a-plate-method-diet-in-overweight-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Laura R Saslow, Ashley E Mason, Sarah Kim, Veronica Goldman, Robert Ploutz-Snyder, Hovig Bayandorian, Jennifer Daubenmier, Frederick M Hecht, Judith T Moskowitz
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent, chronic disease for which diet is an integral aspect of treatment. In our previous trial, we found that recommendations to follow a very low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet and to change lifestyle factors (physical activity, sleep, positive affect, mindfulness) helped overweight people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes improve glycemic control and lose weight. This was an in-person intervention, which could be a barrier for people without the time, flexibility, transportation, social support, and/or financial resources to attend...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126098/losing-ground-losing-sleep-local-economic-conditions-economic-vulnerability-and-sleep
#7
Francisco Perales, Stefanie Plage
Medical research shows that healthy sleep has benefits for human wellbeing. We contribute to the emerging social-epidemiological literature on the social determinants of sleep by considering how living in an area with poor economic circumstances can result in sleep loss through financial worry, uncertainty and stress. We use multilevel regression models and nationally-representative data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey (n = 9181) and find that individuals who live in areas with high unemployment rates or experience individual-level economic vulnerability sleep less than comparable individuals in areas with low unemployment rates, or who do not experience financial hardships...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075285/narcolepsy-drug-could-help-food-addicts-lose-weight
#8
(no author information available yet)
A drug used to treat the sleep disorder narcolepsy could help people addicted to food to lose weight, say UK researchers.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051892/what-is-the-role-of-bariatric-surgery-in-the-management-of-obesity
#9
REVIEW
E Panteliou, A D Miras
Diet, exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy are some of the means of assisting patients to lose weight, with bariatric surgery being the most effective. Over the last two decades, the increased awareness of the systemic benefits of bariatric surgery, as well as the improved safety and the wider use of the laparoscopic approach, has made bariatric surgery flourish. In the United Kingdom, the adjustable gastric band (10%), vertical sleeve gastrectomy (37%) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (45%) are the three most common procedures...
April 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981528/clinical-study-on-influences-of-enteric-coated-aspirin-on-blood-pressure-and-blood-pressure-variability
#10
A-L Ji, W-W Chen, W-J Huang
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of oral administration of enteric coated aspirin (ASA) on blood pressure and blood pressure variability of hypertension patients before sleep. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We observed 150 hypertension cases, classified as Grade 1-2, from September 2006 to March 2008. They are divided into a control group with 30 cases, ASA I group with 60 cases and ASA II group with 60 cases randomly. Subjects in the control group had proper diets, were losing weight, exercising and maintaining a healthy mentality and were taking 30 mg Adalat orally once a day...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964910/the-process-of-motivating-oneself-to-resist-being-controlled-by-chronic-pain-a-qualitative-study-of-japanese-older-people-living-in-the-community
#11
Yukari Takai, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani, Ikumi Chiba
Perceptions and experiences of chronic pain in older adults have not been fully explored. This study aimed to explore experiences and perceptions of life with chronic pain among older Japanese adults in the community. The grounded theory approach was used to identify a process model of older people's perceptions and experiences of living with chronic pain. Twenty-four people were recruited via snowball sampling. Ten participants had suffered from pain for 30 years or more. Data were collected through semistructured, individual interviews...
December 10, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818084/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-energy-balance-regulation-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Ari Shechter
Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have a reciprocal relationship. Sleep disruptions characteristic of OSA may promote behavioral, metabolic, and/or hormonal changes favoring weight gain and/or difficulty losing weight. The regulation of energy balance (EB), i.e., the relationship between energy intake (EI) and energy expenditure (EE), is complex and multi-factorial, involving food intake, hormonal regulation of hunger/satiety/appetite, and EE via metabolism and physical activity (PA). The current systematic review describes the literature on how OSA affects EB-related parameters...
July 15, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603791/pharmacological-targeting-the-rev-erbs-in-sleep-wake-regulation
#13
Ariadna Amador, Salvador Huitron-Resendiz, Amanda J Roberts, Theodore M Kamenecka, Laura A Solt, Thomas P Burris
The circadian clock maintains appropriate timing for a wide range of behaviors and physiological processes. Circadian behaviors such as sleep and wakefulness are intrinsically dependent on the precise oscillation of the endogenous molecular machinery that regulates the circadian clock. The identical core clock machinery regulates myriad endocrine and metabolic functions providing a link between sleep and metabolic health. The REV-ERBs (REV-ERBα and REV-ERBβ) are nuclear receptors that are key regulators of the molecular clock and have been successfully targeted using small molecule ligands...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529712/global-visits-99024-and-macra-3-things-you-should-think-about-and-lose-sleep-over-but-probably-do-not
#14
Daniel M Siegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515199/morvan-s-syndrome-and-the-sustained-absence-of-all-sleep-rhythms-for-months-or-years-an-hypothesis
#15
Claude Touzet
Despite the predation costs, sleep is ubiquitous in the animal realm. Humans spend a third of their life sleeping, and the quality of sleep has been related to co-morbidity, Alzheimer disease, etc. Excessive wakefulness induces rapid changes in cognitive performances, and it is claimed that one could die of sleep deprivation as quickly as by absence of water. In this context, the fact that a few people are able to go without sleep for months, even years, without displaying any cognitive troubles requires explanations...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350067/losing-sleep-over-mitochondria-a-new-player-in-the-pathophysiology-of-fatal-familial-insomnia
#16
Markus Glatzel, Diego Sepulveda-Falla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2016: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294597/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-weight-loss-treatment-outcome-among-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#17
Matthew C Whited, Effie Olendzki, Yunsheng Ma, Molly E Waring, Kristin L Schneider, Bradley M Appelhans, Andrew M Busch, James Chesebro, Sherry L Pagoto
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether adults with obesity and metabolic syndrome who screen as high risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) lose less weight as part of a weight loss intervention than those who screen as low risk. METHOD: We conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized trial comparing 2 weight loss interventions consisting of dietary counseling for adults with obesity and metabolic syndrome. Participants were screened for sleep apnea using a validated screening questionnaire...
December 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965769/measurements-and-profiles-of-body-weight-misperceptions-among-taiwanese-teenagers-a-national-survey
#18
Ya-Wen Hsu, Tsan-Hon Liou, Yiing Mei Liou, Hsin-Jen Chen, Li-Yin Chien
Children and adolescents tend to lose weight, which may be associated with misperceptions of weight. Previous studies have emphasized establishing correlations between eating disorders and an overestimated perception of body weight, but few studies have focused on an underestimated perception of body weight. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between misperceptions of body weight and weight-related risk factors, such as eating disorders, inactivity, and unhealthy behaviors, among overweight children who underestimated their body weight...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965340/sleep-regulation-physiological-models-and-hypotheses
#19
A A Borbély
The elucidation of sleep regulation is not an easy task. On one side, there is a multitude of solid yet disparate data, on the other side, the topic is tempting for engaging in wild speculation, particularly with respect to the functions of sleep. Models may exert a moderating influence by mediating between the two extremes. However, also they navigate between the risk of banality in reformulating the obvious, and the peril of fancy in losing touch with empirical reality.
June 1995: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940524/laparoscopic-revision-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-ray-of-hope-for-failed-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#20
Muffazal Lakdawala, Peter Limas, Shilpa Dhar, Carlyne Remedios, Neha Dhulla, Amit Sood, Aparna Govil Bhasker
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most commonly performed bariatric operation across the world, but sometimes revision is necessary. Inadequate weight loss, weight regain, and complications such as dumping syndrome are common reasons for revision. We report the 1-year outcomes of five patients who underwent laparoscopic conversion of RYGB to sleeve gastrectomy during surgical revision. METHODS: Mean age was 38.8 ± 9.1 years. Mean BMI at primary surgery was 57...
May 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
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