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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075285/narcolepsy-drug-could-help-food-addicts-lose-weight
#1
(no author information available yet)
A drug used to treat the sleep disorder narcolepsy could help people addicted to food to lose weight, say UK researchers.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051892/what-is-the-role-of-bariatric-surgery-in-the-management-of-obesity
#2
E Panteliou, A D Miras
Diet, exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy are some of the means of assisting patients to lose weight, with bariatric surgery being the most effective. Over the last two decades, the increased awareness of the systemic benefits of bariatric surgery, as well as the improved safety and the wider use of the laparoscopic approach, has made bariatric surgery flourish. In the United Kingdom, the adjustable gastric band (10%), vertical sleeve gastrectomy (37%) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (45%) are the three most common procedures...
January 4, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981528/clinical-study-on-influences-of-enteric-coated-aspirin-on-blood-pressure-and-blood-pressure-variability
#3
A-L Ji, W-W Chen, W-J Huang
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of oral administration of enteric coated aspirin (ASA) on blood pressure and blood pressure variability of hypertension patients before sleep. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We observed 150 hypertension cases, classified as Grade 1-2, from September 2006 to March 2008. They are divided into a control group with 30 cases, ASA I group with 60 cases and ASA II group with 60 cases randomly. Subjects in the control group had proper diets, were losing weight, exercising and maintaining a healthy mentality and were taking 30 mg Adalat orally once a day...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964910/the-process-of-motivating-oneself-to-resist-being-controlled-by-chronic-pain-a-qualitative-study-of-japanese-older-people-living-in-the-community
#4
Yukari Takai, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani, Ikumi Chiba
Perceptions and experiences of chronic pain in older adults have not been fully explored. This study aimed to explore experiences and perceptions of life with chronic pain among older Japanese adults in the community. The grounded theory approach was used to identify a process model of older people's perceptions and experiences of living with chronic pain. Twenty-four people were recruited via snowball sampling. Ten participants had suffered from pain for 30 years or more. Data were collected through semistructured, individual interviews...
December 10, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818084/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-energy-balance-regulation-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Ari Shechter
: Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have a reciprocal relationship. Sleep disruptions characteristic of OSA may promote behavioral, metabolic, and/or hormonal changes favoring weight gain and/or difficulty losing weight. The regulation of energy balance (EB), i.e., the relationship between energy intake (EI) and energy expenditure (EE), is complex and multi-factorial, involving food intake, hormonal regulation of hunger/satiety/appetite, and EE via metabolism and physical activity (PA)...
July 15, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603791/pharmacological-targeting-the-rev-erbs-in-sleep-wake-regulation
#6
Ariadna Amador, Salvador Huitron-Resendiz, Amanda J Roberts, Theodore M Kamenecka, Laura A Solt, Thomas P Burris
The circadian clock maintains appropriate timing for a wide range of behaviors and physiological processes. Circadian behaviors such as sleep and wakefulness are intrinsically dependent on the precise oscillation of the endogenous molecular machinery that regulates the circadian clock. The identical core clock machinery regulates myriad endocrine and metabolic functions providing a link between sleep and metabolic health. The REV-ERBs (REV-ERBα and REV-ERBβ) are nuclear receptors that are key regulators of the molecular clock and have been successfully targeted using small molecule ligands...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529712/global-visits-99024-and-macra-3-things-you-should-think-about-and-lose-sleep-over-but-probably-do-not
#7
Daniel M Siegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515199/morvan-s-syndrome-and-the-sustained-absence-of-all-sleep-rhythms-for-months-or-years-an-hypothesis
#8
Claude Touzet
Despite the predation costs, sleep is ubiquitous in the animal realm. Humans spend a third of their life sleeping, and the quality of sleep has been related to co-morbidity, Alzheimer disease, etc. Excessive wakefulness induces rapid changes in cognitive performances, and it is claimed that one could die of sleep deprivation as quickly as by absence of water. In this context, the fact that a few people are able to go without sleep for months, even years, without displaying any cognitive troubles requires explanations...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350067/losing-sleep-over-mitochondria-a-new-player-in-the-pathophysiology-of-fatal-familial-insomnia
#9
Markus Glatzel, Diego Sepulveda-Falla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2016: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294597/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-weight-loss-treatment-outcome-among-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Matthew C Whited, Effie Olendzki, Yunsheng Ma, Molly E Waring, Kristin L Schneider, Bradley M Appelhans, Andrew M Busch, James Chesebro, Sherry L Pagoto
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether adults with obesity and metabolic syndrome who screen as high risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) lose less weight as part of a weight loss intervention than those who screen as low risk. METHOD: We conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized trial comparing 2 weight loss interventions consisting of dietary counseling for adults with obesity and metabolic syndrome. Participants were screened for sleep apnea using a validated screening questionnaire...
December 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965769/measurements-and-profiles-of-body-weight-misperceptions-among-taiwanese-teenagers-a-national-survey
#11
Ya-Wen Hsu, Tsan-Hon Liou, Yiing Mei Liou, Hsin-Jen Chen, Li-Yin Chien
Children and adolescents tend to lose weight, which may be associated with misperceptions of weight. Previous studies have emphasized establishing correlations between eating disorders and an overestimated perception of body weight, but few studies have focused on an underestimated perception of body weight. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between misperceptions of body weight and weight-related risk factors, such as eating disorders, inactivity, and unhealthy behaviors, among overweight children who underestimated their body weight...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965340/sleep-regulation-physiological-models-and-hypotheses
#12
A A Borbély
The elucidation of sleep regulation is not an easy task. On one side, there is a multitude of solid yet disparate data, on the other side, the topic is tempting for engaging in wild speculation, particularly with respect to the functions of sleep. Models may exert a moderating influence by mediating between the two extremes. However, also they navigate between the risk of banality in reformulating the obvious, and the peril of fancy in losing touch with empirical reality.
June 1995: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940524/laparoscopic-revision-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-ray-of-hope-for-failed-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#13
Muffazal Lakdawala, Peter Limas, Shilpa Dhar, Carlyne Remedios, Neha Dhulla, Amit Sood, Aparna Govil Bhasker
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most commonly performed bariatric operation across the world, but sometimes revision is necessary. Inadequate weight loss, weight regain, and complications such as dumping syndrome are common reasons for revision. We report the 1-year outcomes of five patients who underwent laparoscopic conversion of RYGB to sleeve gastrectomy during surgical revision. METHODS: Mean age was 38.8 ± 9.1 years. Mean BMI at primary surgery was 57...
May 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26901892/-monitoring-and-care-of-expectant-mothers-with-epilepsy
#14
REVIEW
Masako Watanabe, Masayuki Honda
Women with epilepsy are exposed to social stigma, and they have anxiety and lose self-confidence in their social role as a woman. Psychiatrists, especially female psychiatrists, are able to support them. Important considerations are: 1) Pre-pregnant counseling; Physicians give appropriate advice and guidance. We need to provide the latest information on the teratogenicity of AEDs, and replace them with a safer combination of AEDs BEFORE pregnancy. Folate supplementation is also recommended. 2) Management during pregnancy: Patients are advised to adhere to taking AEDs as instructed, which prevents not only seizures during pregnancy but also reduces the risk of miscarriage and premature delivery...
2015: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891190/the-borderlands-of-waking-quantifying-the-transition-from-reflective-thought-to-hallucination-in-sleep-onset
#15
Clemens Speth, Jana Speth
We lose waking consciousness spontaneously and regularly over the circadian cycle. It seems that every time we fall asleep, reflective thinking gradually gives way to our interactions with an imaginary, hallucinatory world that brings multimodal experiences in the absence of adequate external stimuli. The present study investigates this transition, proposing a new measure of hallucinatory states. Reflective thinking and motor imagery were quantified in 150 mentation reports provided by 16 participants after forced awakenings from different physiology-monitored time intervals after sleep onset...
April 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26859736/the-prevalence-and-clinical-features-of-hypertension-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-and-related-nursing-strategies
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yan Wang, Qingchan Yang, Jing Feng, Jie Cao, Baoyuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common sleep-related breathing disorder. Hypertension is frequently a concomitant disorder in patients with OSAHS. PURPOSE: This study investigates the prevalence and clinical features of hypertension in patients with OSAHS and explores the related nursing strategies. METHODS: Three thousand six hundred seven patients were included in this study. Subjects were divided into four groups that were categorized according to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) scores as follows: control group (control, n = 354) with AHI < 5, mild OSAHS (mild, n = 658) with 5 ≤ AHI < 15, moderate OSAHS (moderate, n = 753) with 15 ≤ AHI < 30, and severe OSAHS (severe, n = 1842) with AHI ≥ 30...
March 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26686003/capsaicinoids-a-spicy-solution-to-the-management-of-obesity
#17
REVIEW
A Tremblay, H Arguin, S Panahi
Capsaicin is the molecule that is responsible for the pungency of hot peppers. It stimulates the sympathoadrenal system that mediates the thermogenic and anorexigenic effects of capsaicinoids. Capsaicinoids have been found to accentuate the impact of caloric restriction on body weight loss. Some studies have also shown that capsinoids, the non-pungent analogs of capsaicinoids, increase energy expenditure. Capsaicin supplementation attenuates or even prevents the increase in hunger and decrease in fullness as well as the decrease in energy expenditure and fat oxidation, which normally result from energy restriction...
August 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26598937/the-impact-of-trachomatous-trichiasis-on-quality-of-life-a-case-control-study
#18
Esmael Habtamu, Tariku Wondie, Sintayehu Aweke, Zerihun Tadesse, Mulat Zerihun, Zebideru Zewudie, Wondimu Gebeyehu, Kelly Callahan, Paul M Emerson, Hannah Kuper, Robin L Bailey, David C W Mabey, Saul N Rajak, Sarah Polack, Helen A Weiss, Matthew J Burton
BACKGROUND: Trachomatous trichiasis is thought to have a profound effect on quality of life (QoL), however, there is little research in this area. We measured vision and health-related QoL in a case-control study in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We recruited 1000 adult trichiasis cases and 200 trichiasis-free controls, matched to every fifth trichiasis case on age (+/- two years), sex and location. Vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) were measured using the WHO/PBD-VF20 and WHOQOL-BREF questionnaires...
November 2015: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26418795/speech-outcomes-after-clinically-indicated-posterior-pharyngeal-flap-takedown
#19
Evan B Katzel, Sameer Shakir, Sanjay Naran, Zoe MacIsaac, Liliana Camison, Matthew Greives, Jesse A Goldstein, Lorelei J Grunwaldt, Matthew D Ford, Joseph E Losee
BACKGROUND: Velopharyngeal insufficiency affects as many as one in three patients after cleft palate repair. Correction using a posterior pharyngeal flap (PPF) has been shown to improve clinical speech symptomatology; however, PPFs can be complicated by hyponasality and obstructive sleep apnea. The goal of this study was to assess if speech outcomes revert after clinically indicated PPF takedown. METHODS: The cleft-craniofacial database of the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center was retrospectively queried to identify patients with a diagnosis of velopharyngeal insufficiency treated with PPF who ultimately required takedown...
October 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26400948/losing-neutrality-the-neural-basis-of-impaired-emotional-control-without-sleep
#20
Eti Ben Simon, Noga Oren, Haggai Sharon, Adi Kirschner, Noam Goldway, Hadas Okon-Singer, Rivi Tauman, Menton M Deweese, Andreas Keil, Talma Hendler
Sleep deprivation has been shown recently to alter emotional processing possibly associated with reduced frontal regulation. Such impairments can ultimately fail adaptive attempts to regulate emotional processing (also known as cognitive control of emotion), although this hypothesis has not been examined directly. Therefore, we explored the influence of sleep deprivation on the human brain using two different cognitive-emotional tasks, recorded using fMRI and EEG. Both tasks involved irrelevant emotional and neutral distractors presented during a competing cognitive challenge, thus creating a continuous demand for regulating emotional processing...
September 23, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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