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obesity, diet, exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792061/diet-and-exercise-for-preeclampsia-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Argyro Syngelaki, Miguel Sequeira Campos, Stephanie Roberge, Walkyria Andrade, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diet and/or exercise in overweight or obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of diet and/or exercise interventions in overweight and obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia (PE) and hypertensive disorders. We completed a literature search through PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL Library from their earliest entries to November 2017 and from references of other systematic reviews...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791455/national-patterns-of-physician-management-of-sleep-apnea-and-treatment-among-patients-with-hypertension
#2
Rebecca Robbins, Azizi Seixas, Girardin Jean-Louis, Sairam Parthasarathy, David M Rapoport, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Joseph A Ladapo
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, and treatment may improve outcomes. We examine national burden of sleep apnea, rates of sleep apnea treatment, and whether racial/ethnic disparities exist among patients with hypertension. METHODS: Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS/NHAMCS), 2005-2012, were analyzed (N = 417,950). We identified hypertension patient visits where sleep apnea diagnosis or complaint was recorded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782964/an-in-vitro-approach-for-prioritization-and-evaluation-of-chemical-effects-on-glucocorticoid-receptor-mediated-adipogenesis
#3
Jessica K Hartman, Tyler Beames, Bethany Parks, Daniel Doheny, Gina Song, Alina Efremenko, Miyoung Yoon, Briana Foley, Chad Deisenroth, Patrick D McMullen, Rebecca A Clewell
Rising obesity rates worldwide have socio-economic ramifications. While genetics, diet, and lack of exercise are major contributors to obesity, environmental factors may enhance susceptibility through disruption of hormone homeostasis and metabolic processes. The obesogen hypothesis contends that chemical exposure early in development may enhance adipocyte differentiation, thereby increasing the number of adipocytes and predisposing for obesity and metabolic disease. We previously developed a primary human adipose stem cell (hASC) assay to evaluate the effect of environmental chemicals on PPARG-dependent adipogenesis...
May 18, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781539/intermittent-resistance-exercise-and-obesity-considered-separately-or-combined-impair-spermatic-parameters-in-adult-male-wistar-rats
#4
Ana Paula Franco Punhagui, Giovana Rampazzo Teixeira, Marcelo Conrado de Freitas, Patricia Monteiro Seraphim, Glaura Scantamburlo Alves Fernandes
Obesity and absence of physical exercise are global problems that affect concentration and sperm quality in the male reproductive system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of obesity and resistance training, considered separately or in association, on testicular function and reproductive capacity. Twenty pubertal male Wistar rats were distributed into four groups: control (C) and exercise (E) groups that received standard rat chow; and obese (O) and obese with exercise (OE) groups that received a high-fat diet...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780918/bariatric-surgery-and-its-impact-on-pseudotumor-cerebri-a-case-report
#5
Norberto Mancera, Michel M Murr, Mitchell Drucker
Purpose: Pseudotumor cerebri is a debilitating condition that causes severe headaches and progressive visual field loss. In this report, we present a patient with Class III obesity, with pseudotumor cerebri who failed medical management and attempted weight loss via diet and exercise. Observations: After undergoing bariatric surgery, the patient had significant weight loss and improvement of visual field defects. Conclusion and importance: These results suggest that bariatric surgery may be an effective option for patients with rapidly progressing visual loss due to pseudotumor cerebri...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779818/fighting-obesity-non-pharmacological-interventions
#6
María Fernanda Higuera-Hernández, Elena Reyes-Cuapio, Marissa Gutiérrez-Mendoza, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, André Barciela Veras, Henning Budde, Johanna Jesse, Jaime Zaldívar-Rae, Carlos Blanco-Centurión, Sérgio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez
The abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs health is one of the criteria that fulfills obesity. According to epidemiological data, obesity has become a worldwide public health problem that in turn would trigger additional pathologies such as cardiorespiratory dysfunctions, cancer, gastrointestinal disturbances, depression, sleep disorders, just to mention a few. Then, the search for a therapeutical intervention aimed to prevent and manage obesity has been the focus of study during the last years...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776897/reach-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-reminder-strategy-and-facebook-group-intervention-for-weight-management-in-less-advantaged-adolescents-insights-from-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial
#7
Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
BACKGROUND: Although information and communication technology interventions appear to be a promising means of reducing the health inequality gap in overweight and obesity prevention, research on information and communication technology interventions is lacking outside the Anglo-Saxon world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reach and acceptability of 2 information and communication technology interventions delivered as part of a French nutritional program: an SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) attendance-reminder for collective sessions strategy and a Facebook challenge group...
May 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766791/immunometabolic-changes-in-hepatocytes-arising-from-obesity-and-the-practice-of-physical-exercise
#8
Paula Alves Monteiro, Wagner Prado, Thiago Ricardo Dos Santos Tenório, Luciane Magri Tomaz, David H St-Pierre, Fabio Santos Lira
Over the recent years, a particular interest was shown towards understanding the roles of excessive hepatic fat accumulation and the development of obesity-related diseases. While hepatic triacylglycerol accumulation seems to be a response to the systemic increase of insulin release, fatty acid metabolites contribute to the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It is widely accepted that NAFLD is a polygenic and multifactorial disease under the influence of critical behavioral factors such as overeating and sedentary lifestyles...
May 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765980/aerobic-interval-training-regulated-sirt3-attenuates-high-fat-diet-associated-cognitive-dysfunction
#9
Zhaoling Shi, Chen Li, Yue Yin, Zheng Yang, Han Xue, Nan Mu, Yishi Wang, Manling Liu, Heng Ma
Cognitive dysfunction is an important complicated disease in obesity. Exercise ameliorates obesity and the related cognitive dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we investigated whether aerobic interval training (AIT) could attenuate high-fat-diet- (HFD-) associated cognitive dysfunction and the possible mechanism of SIRT3-MnSOD pathway. C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice and SIRT3 knockout (KO) mice were randomized into control (Con) or HFD group with or without AIT training for 6 weeks...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763602/a-ketogenic-diet-reduces-metabolic-syndrome-induced-allodynia-and-promotes-peripheral-nerve-growth-in-mice
#10
Michael A Cooper, Blaise W Menta, Consuelo Perez-Sanchez, Megan M Jack, Zair W Khan, Janelle M Ryals, Michelle Winter, Douglas E Wright
Current experiments investigated whether a ketogenic diet impacts neuropathy associated with obesity and prediabetes. Mice challenged with a ketogenic diet were compared to mice fed a high-fat diet or a high-fat diet plus exercise. Additionally, an intervention switching to a ketogenic diet following 8 weeks of high-fat diet was performed to compare how a control diet, exercise, or a ketogenic diet affects metabolic syndrome-induced neural complications. When challenged with a ketogenic diet, mice had reduced bodyweight and fat mass compared to high-fat-fed mice, and were similar to exercised, high-fat-fed mice...
May 12, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756962/impact-of-apoe2allele-on-lipid-profile-change-after-a-weight-loss-program
#11
Blanca Romero-Moraleda, Rocío Cupeiro Coto, Domingo González-Lamuño, Teresa Amigo, Barbara Szendrei, Miguel Ángel Rojo-Tirado, Francisco Javier Calderón, Ana Belén Peinado
BACKGROUND: apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism is a genetic determinant of lipid and lipoprotein levels and the risk for coronary heart disease. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of ApoE2allele in lipid plasma levels and the influence of a healthy hypocaloric diet plus a controlled physical activity on the lipid profile, we performed a study in a cohort of overweight and obese healthy subjects (Body Mass Index (BMI) between 25 and 34.9 kg·m-2). METHODS: one hundred eighty participants (96 women), aged 18-50 years participated in a 22 weeks weight loss intervention based on same dietary treatment and different controlled exercise programs...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749287/a-qualitative-exploration-of-weight-bias-and-quality-of-health-care-among-health-care-professionals-using-hypothetical-patient-scenarios
#12
Justine Seymour, Jennifer L Barnes, Julie Schumacher, Rachel L Vollmer
The purpose of this study was to determine whether weight bias exhibited by health care professionals (HCPs) impacts quality of health care provided to individuals with obesity. HCPs (n = 220; 88% female, 87% nurses) in the Midwest region of the United States were recruited to complete an online survey. In this within-subjects study design, participants completed the Attitudes Towards Obese Persons (ATOP) scale to assess weight bias and responded to 2 (1 person with obesity and 1 person without obesity) hypothetical patient scenarios to evaluate quality of care...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747957/home-exercise-childhood-obesity-intervention-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-print-versus-web-based-move-it-platforms
#13
Alejandro Bruñó, Patricia Escobar, Ausias Cebolla, Julio Álvarez-Pitti, Jaime Guixeres, Empar Lurbe, Rosa Baños, Juan F Lisón
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of adhering to a Mediterranean diet plus mixed physical exercise program (Move-It) implemented by means of printed instructions or via a web-platform (with or without e-mail support) on body composition, physical fitness, and blood pressure. DESIGN AND METHODS: Randomized clinical trial. Fifty-two overweight or obese Spanish children and adolescents were randomly assigned to the print-based (n = 18), Move-It (n = 18), or Move-It plus support (n = 16) intervention groups...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747047/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-orthodontist-based-brief-advice-to-prevent-child-obesity
#14
Melbourne F Hovell, Katharine E Schmitz, Sandy Liles, Kristi Robusto, C Richard Hofstetter, Jeanne F Nichols, Cheryl L Rock, Veronica Irvin, Melanie S Parker, Santiago A Surillo, David Noel
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to test whether brief exercise and diet advice provided during child patient visits to their orthodontic office could improve diet, physical activity, and age-and-gender-adjusted BMI. METHODS: We enrolled orthodontic offices in Southern California and Tijuana, Mexico, and recruited their patients aged 8-16 to participate in a two-year study. At each office visit, staff provided the children with "prescriptions" for improving diet and exercise behaviors...
May 7, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739846/childhood-obesity-dental-hygienists-beliefs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-patient-education
#15
Doreen Dawn M Cole, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon
Purpose: Increasing childhood obesity rates present a significant threat to public health. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygienists' (DH) beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, current practices, and barriers for assessing and educating patients about childhood obesity. Methods: A random sample of DHs (n=13,357) was selected and emailed a link to the validated survey. Of the 1046 respondents who accessed the survey, 919 completed the survey for a completion rate of 89%. Results: A majority of the respondents understood the risk of chronic disease and obesity (99%), role sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) play as added sugar content in the diet (76%), and the amount of SSBs consumed by youth (91%)...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736403/temporal-trends-in-gestational-diabetes-prevalence-treatment-and-outcomes-at-aarhus-university-hospital-skejby-between-2004-and-2016
#16
Per Glud Ovesen, Jens Fuglsang, Mette Bisgaard Andersen, Charlotte Wolff, Olav Bjørn Petersen, H David McIntyre
Background: The prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) is increasing worldwide. The most important risk of GDM in pregnancy is excessive fetal growth, increasing the risk of complications during delivery as well as long-term complications like obesity and diabetes in both the mother and the offspring. Method: All women with GDM who delivered a singleton between 2004 and 2016 were included. The treatment of GDM patients sought to achieve normal blood glucose levels, primarily by diet and exercise...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733003/timeline-of-changes-in-adaptive-physiological-responses-at-the-level-of-energy-expenditure-with-progressive-weight-loss
#17
Siren Nymo, Silvia R Coutinho, Linn-Christin H Torgersen, Ola J Bomo, Ingrid Haugvaldstad, Helen Truby, Bård Kulseng, Catia Martins
Diet-induced weight loss (WL) is associated with reduced resting and non-resting energy expenditure (EE), driven not only by changes in body composition but also potentially by adaptive thermogenesis (AT). When exactly this happens, during progressive WL, remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the timeline of changes in RMR and exercise-induced EE (EIEE), stemming from changes in body composition v. the presence of AT, during WL with a very-low-energy diet (VLED). In all, thirty-one adults (eighteen men) with obesity (BMI: 37 (sem 4·5) kg/m2; age: 43 (sem 10) years) underwent 8 weeks of a VLED, followed by 4 weeks of weight maintenance...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730489/does-frontal-knee-kinematics-predict-treatment-outcomes-exploratory-analyses-from-the-intensive-diet-and-exercise-for-arthritis-idea-trial
#18
Michelle Hall, Kim L Bennell, Daniel P Beavers, Tim V Wrigley, Paul DeVita, Stephen P Messier
BACKGROUND: Pain is a cardinal symptom of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and although conservative treatments such as exercise and diet related interventions can reduce pain, effects are modest and can be improved. Frontal plane knee joint motion has been associated with knee pain, and is suggested as a patient-specific characteristic on which to tailor interventions. RESEARCH QUESTION: Does the association between baseline frontal plane knee joint kinematics and pain-relief differ among overweight and obese people with knee OA who underwent an intervention from the Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) clinical trial: diet-only, exercise-only, and combined diet and exercise intervention? METHODS: 323 participants with knee OA were included in the analysis (77% females; 66 ± 6 years; 33...
April 27, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728820/obesity-diet-and-lifestyle-in-9-year-old-children-with-parentally-reported-chronic-diseases-findings-from-the-growing-up-in-ireland-longitudinal-child-cohort-study
#19
Michael P Fitzgerald, Kerrie Hennigan, Clodagh S O'Gorman, Laura McCarron
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of childhood chronic disease is increasing worldwide. Obesity, poor diet and lifestyle may be more prevalent in children with a chronic disease than in their healthier contemporaries. The Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) study is a nationally representative cohort study of children living in the Republic of Ireland. The study has collected information from 8568 9-year-old Irish children on their experiences within their families, childcare settings, schools and communities, and how these impact on all aspects of children's development...
May 5, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726700/acute-exercise-induced-bdnf-trkb-signaling-is-intact-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-obese-glucose-intolerant-male-mice
#20
Bradley J Baranowski, Rebecca E K MacPherson
Obesity and glucose intolerance have been directly implicated in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. It is thought that diet induced obesity causes a reduction in neuronal plasticity through a reduction in the neurotrophin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Previous work has demonstrated that acute exercise in healthy lean animals increases BDNF-TrkB signaling in the brain. However, if this effect is intact in a state of obesity remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of a single bout of exercise on BDNF-TrkB signaling in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus from obese glucose intolerant mice...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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