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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346467/modification-of-the-associations-between-duration-of-oral-contraceptive-use-and-ovarian-endometrial-breast-and-colorectal-cancers
#1
Kara A Michels, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Louise A Brinton, Britton Trabert
Importance: Although oral contraceptive (OC) use is common, the influence of OC use on carcinogenesis is not fully understood. A recent Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality report identified a need to understand the consistency of OC use and cancer associations across subpopulations, including smokers and obese women. Objective: To determine whether associations between duration of OC use and risk of specific cancers were modified by lifestyle characteristics...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344750/physical-activity-and-consumption-patterns-of-reproductive-aged-women-by-bmi-category
#2
Jennifer K Bello, Debra B Stulberg, Ying Zhou, Chi Wang
Objectives Obesity before and during pregnancy is associated with adverse effects for mother and child, but little is known about physical activity and consumption patterns among reproductive-aged women. The goal of this study is to identify behaviors of nonpregnant reproductive-aged women associated with normal weight, overweight, and obesity. Methods Data from the nationally representative National Eating Trends survey (2003-2011) were analyzed, comparing number of days of exercise in a 1-week period and consumption of fruits/vegetables, sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), and concentrated sweets by BMI...
January 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344657/effects-of-hereditary-moderate-high-fat-diet-on-metabolic-performance-and-physical-endurance-capacity-in-c57bl-6-offspring
#3
Fang Liu, Guirong Zhang, Xue Sheng, Shang Liu, Meng Cui, Heyun Guo, Jianbin Xue, Lingyun Zhang
Obesity in pregnant women presents a risk to fetal health, leading to numerous metabolic syndromes and chronic inflammation risks. Previously, physical exercise was considered to be one of the primary treatments for obesity. However, the effect of fat consumption throughout the life cycle on physical endurance capacity remains unknown. A total of two groups of female mice (age, 6 weeks; C57BL/6J) were fed with a normal chow diet and a moderate high fat diet (MHFD), during pregnancy and lactation (8 weeks), with the offspring receiving the same diet as the mother...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331698/exploring-metabolic-factors-and-health-behaviors-in-relation-to-suicide-attempts-a-case-control-study
#4
Stefan Perera, Rebecca B Eisen, Meha Bhatt, Brittany B Dennis, Monica Bawor, Wala El-Sheikh, Jane DeJesus, Sumathy Rangarajan, Heather Sholer, Elisabeth Iordan, Pam Mackie, Shofiqul Islam, Mahshid Dehghan, Jennifer Brasch, David Meyre, Russell de Souza, Lehana Thabane, Zainab Samaan
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts are a serious public health concern with devastating global impact, thereby necessitating the development of an adequate prevention strategy. Few known risk factors of suicide attempts are directly modifiable. This study sought to investigate potential associations between health behaviors and suicide attempts, identifying novel opportunities for clinicians to help prevent suicidal behavior. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to compare body weight, serum total cholesterol, physical activity, tobacco use, and dietary food groups among adults who had made a suicide attempt (n = 84) to psychiatric inpatients (n = 104) and community controls (n = 93) without history of suicide attempt...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331169/the-introduction-of-simple-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-in-overweight-obese-type-2-diabetics-a-pilot-study
#5
Ľubica Cibičková, David Karásek, Jiří Lukeš, Norbert Cibiček
BACKGROUND: Low level of cardiorespiratory fitness has been recognized as an important independent and modifiable risk factor of increased morbidity and mortality. However, in standard outpatient settings, patients are not routinely screened for fitness and advantages of such testing for the management of type 2 diabetes have not been defined. Aim To describe the toleration of a fast, simple and practicable fitness test (2-min step-in-place test) by overweight/obese type 2 diabetics and their performance indicated by 2-min step-in-place test score (STS)...
January 14, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329689/pediatric-obesity-current-concepts
#6
REVIEW
Donald E Greydanus, Marisha Agana, Manmohan K Kamboj, Saad Shebrain, Neelkamal Soares, Ransome Eke, Dilip R Patel
This discussion reflects on concepts of obesity in children and adolescents in the early 21st century. It includes reflections on its history, definition, epidemiology, diagnostic perspectives, psychosocial considerations, musculoskeletal complications, endocrine complications and principles of management. In addition to emphasis on diet and exercise, research and clinical applications in the second decade of the 21st century emphasize the increasing use of pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery for adolescent and adult populations with critical problems of overweight and obesity...
January 9, 2018: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327339/electronic-registry-for-the-management-of-childhood-obesity-in-greece
#7
Penio Kassari, Panagiotis Papaioannou, Antonis Billiris, Haralampos Karanikas, Stergiani Eleftheriou, Eleftherios Thireos, Yannis Manios, George P Chrousos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem in our century. In Greece, more than 30-35% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using information and communication technologies, we developed a "National Registry for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence" for guidance and training of Pediatricians and General Practitioners. The application supports interoperability with other national infrastructures and multi-layered security spanning preventive, detective and administrative controls...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324710/the-intention-to-be-physically-active-in-sedentary-obese-children-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Antonio García-Hermoso, Jose M Saavedra, Yolanda Escalante, Ana M Domínguez
Obese children are usually less active than their normal-weight counterparts, although the reasons for this remain unclear. The objective of the present study was to determine how a long-term program (3 years of intervention and 6 months of follow-up detraining) of physical exercise with or without a low calorie diet influenced sedentary obese children's intention to be physically active. The participants were 27 children, ages from 8 to 11 years, who formed two groups according to the program that they followed...
January 11, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324453/developmental-origins-of-health-span-and-life-span-a-mini-review
#9
Joshua D Preston, Leryn J Reynolds, Kevin J Pearson
BACKGROUND: A vast body of research has demonstrated that disease susceptibility and offspring health can be influenced by perinatal factors, which include both paternal and maternal behavior and environment. Offspring disease risk has the potential to affect the health span and life span of offspring. KEY FINDINGS: Various maternal factors, such as environmental toxicant exposure, diet, stress, exercise, age at conception, and longevity have the potential to influence age-associated diseases such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and cancer risk in offspring...
January 12, 2018: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313359/effects-of-different-aerobic-exercise-programmes-with-nutritional-intervention-in-sedentary-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-hypertension-exerdiet-hta-study
#10
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Aitor MartinezAguirre-Betolaza, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, G Rodrigo Aispuru, Simon M Fryer, Sara Maldonado-Martín
Background Both exercise training and diet are recommended to prevent and control hypertension and overweight/obesity. Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of different 16-week aerobic exercise programmes with hypocaloric diet on blood pressure, body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and pharmacological treatment. Methods Overweight/obese, sedentary participants ( n = 175, aged 54.0 ± 8.2 years) with hypertension were randomly assigned into an attention control group (physical activity recommendations) or one of three supervised exercise groups (2 days/week: high-volume with 45 minutes of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), high-volume and high-intensity interval training (HIIT), alternating high and moderate intensities, and low-volume HIIT (20 minutes))...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306931/decrease-in-serum-chemerin-through-aerobic-exercise-plus-dieting-and-its-association-with-mitigation-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-obese-female-adolescents
#11
Min Liu, Xiaojing Lin, Xiaohui Wang
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a 4-week aerobic exercise plus dieting intervention on serum chemerin in obese female adolescents and its possible role in mitigating cardio-metabolic risk including glucose and lipid metabolism, central fat and inflammation. METHODS: Fifty obese female adolescents were randomly divided into two groups: exercise plus dieting group (n=30) and dieting group (n=20). The participants in the exercise plus dieting group completed 4 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise combined with dieting, while the subjects in the dieting group undertook only dieting...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302534/exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-facilitators-and-barriers-a-qualitative-study
#12
T S Advika, Jyothi Idiculla, S Jaya Kumari
Introduction: Diabetes is a major noncommunicable disease affecting more than 65 million Indians. Although treatment algorithms suggest lifestyle measures (diet and exercise) along with medications data regarding adherence to exercise as well as facilitators and barriers to the practice of physical activity in such patients are limited. Hence, this qualitative study was conducted. Objectives: The objective of this study is to describe the factors which (1) Facilitated and (2) hindered the practice of regular exercise in patients with Type 2 diabetes...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282267/stepped-care-approach-for-medial-tibiofemoral-osteoarthritis-streamline-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Sarah Rubia Robbins, Luciano Ricardo S Melo, Hema Urban, Leticia A Deveza, Rebecca Asher, Victoria L Johnson, David J Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend tailored interventions to optimise knee osteoarthritis (OA) management. However, models of care still have a 'one size fits all' approach, which is suboptimal as it ignores patient heterogeneity. This study aims to compare a stepped care strategy with standard care for overweight and obese persons with medial tibiofemoral OA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants will be randomised into two groups (85 each). The intervention will receive a diet and exercise programme for 18 weeks in the first step of the study...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274691/overweight-and-obesity-effectiveness-of-interventions-in-adults
#14
Juana María Gómez Puente, Mercedes Martínez-Marcos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most effective interventions in overweight and obese adults. METHOD: A narrative review through a search of the literature in databases PubMed, Cochrane, Joanna Briggs Institute, EMBASE, Cuiden y Cinahl with free and controlled language (MeSH terms) using Boolean operators AND and NOT. The research was limited to articles published between 2007 and 2015. Eighteen articles were selected based on the established inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 20, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273090/exercise-and-reproductive-function-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-protocol-of-a-systematic-review
#15
Isis Kelly Dos Santos, Romilson de Lima Nunes, Gustavo Mafaldo Soares, Tecia Maria de Oliveira Maranhão, Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas
BACKGROUND: Although many post-participation outcomes in different types of physical training (e.g., aerobic and strength) have been previously investigated for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, there is no recent systematic review of the relationship between various types of intervention and the reproductive function of women with PCOS. The current paper describes a systematic review protocol on the benefits of physical exercise and dietary or drug interventions on endocrinological outcomes in women with PCOS...
December 22, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249684/thyroid-hormones-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-changes-after-programmed-weight-loss-in-palestinian-obese-adult-females
#16
Saleh Mwafy, Maged Yassin, Raed Mousa
OBJECTIVE: we aimed to investigate the changes in thyroid hormones, lipid profile and anthropometric measures after programmed weight loss in Palestinian obese adult females MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 94 obese female (20-50 years old) as cases and 94 Non-obese of same age as controls for baseline comparisons. Obese female were assigned for low calorie diet (1200-1500 Kcal/day) in addition to a daily program of therapeutic exercise for six month. Parameters were measured, statistically analyzed and compared with control before and after study...
December 14, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247431/infrared-photobiomodulation-pbm-therapy-improves-glucose-metabolism-and-intracellular-insulin-pathway-in-adipose-tissue-of-high-fat-fed-mice
#17
Gabriela Silva, Cleber Ferraresi, Rodrigo Teixeira de Almeida, Mariana Lopes Motta, Thiago Paixão, Vinicius Oliveira Ottone, Ivana Alice Fonseca, Murilo Xavier Oliveira, Etel Rocha-Vieira, Marco Fabrício Dias-Peixoto, Elizabethe Adriana Esteves, Cândido Celso Coimbra, Fabiano Trigueiro Amorim, Flávio de Castro Magalhães
Obesity represents a continuously growing global epidemic and is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The etiology of type 2 diabetes is related to the resistance of insulin-sensitive tissues to its action leading to impaired blood glucose regulation. Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy might be a non-pharmacological, non-invasive strategy to improve insulin resistance. It has been reported that PBM therapy in combination with physical exercise reduces insulin resistance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of PBM therapy on insulin resistance in obese mice...
December 15, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241748/psoriasis-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Paolo Gisondi, Anna Chiara Fostini, Irene Fossà, Giampiero Girolomoni, Giovanni Targher
Chronic plaque psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease that is strongly associated with the clinical features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), including abdominal obesity, hypertension, atherogenic dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The strength of these associations has been repeatedly confirmed by several observational studies. In particular, the prevalence of MetS in patients with psoriasis ranges from 20% to 50%, with a risk of having MetS is at least double in psoriatic patients compared with nonpsoriatic control individuals...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237186/-current-literature-overview-on-the-therapy-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
Jana Brauchmann, Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Stefan Ehehalt, Susanna Wiegand
Background Obesity is a chronic disease due to the comorbidity associated with it and the need for long-term medical care. Therapeutic intervention is possible at every stage of pathophysiology. Aim The aim of the study is to demonstrate the effect of multimodal lifestyle interventions not only on the BMI/BMI-SDS, but also on (secondary) outcomes such as comorbidities, quality of life as well as the nutritional and movement behavior. Materials and Methods The literature database PubMed has been searched for internationally clinical studies on lifestyle interventions among 0 to 18-year-olds with overweight and obesity in the period from 01/01/2009 to 01/01/2016...
December 13, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237161/effects-of-intentional-weight-loss-on-markers-of-oxidative-stress-dna-repair-and-telomere-length-a-systematic-review
#20
Caroline Himbert, Henry Thompson, Cornelia M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Altered levels of markers of oxidative stress, DNA repair, and telomere integrity have been detected in obese individuals and may underlie the pathogenesis of obesity-related diseases. However, whether or not such effects are reversed by intentional weight loss has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed/Medline identified 2,388 articles of which 21 studies (randomized controlled trial (RCT) (n = 10) and non-randomized intervention studies (n = 11)) were classified as testing the effects of intentional weight loss on i) oxidative stress (n = 15), ii) DNA repair (n = 2), and iii) telomere length (n = 4)...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
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