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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212281/the-empower-nudge-lottery-to-increase-dual-protection-use-a-proof-of-concept-randomised-pilot-trial-in-south-africa
#1
Omar Galárraga, Jane Harries, Brendan Maughan-Brown, Diane Cooper, Susan E Short, Mark N Lurie, Abigail Harrison
The objective of this study is to measure the preliminary efficacy of a pilot intervention, grounded in behavioural economics, increasing adherence of dual protection (simultaneous use of effective modern contraception and a barrier method, such as a condom) to protect against HIV, other sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancy. Between 2015 and 2016, 100 women aged 18-40 years, seeking post-abortion care in Cape Town, South Africa were recruited to Empower Nudge, a randomised controlled trial to test a lottery incentive intervention designed to increase dual protection...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149788/-it-s-not-good-to-eat-a-candy-in-a-wrapper-male-students-perspectives-on-condom-use-and-concurrent-sexual-partnerships-in-the-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#2
Maroyi Mulumeoderhwa
This paper reports on fieldwork carried out in 2011 with aim to investigate young men's perspectives about condoms use, concurrent sexual partnerships and sex in the context of HIV/AIDS. This study employed a qualitative approach to collect data from 28 boys aged 16-20 from two urban and two rural high schools in South Kivu province. Four focus group discussions and 20 individual interviews were conducted among them. The findings showed that most students identified condoms as unsafe and untrustworthy. Reasons given for the mistrust of condoms were related to the belief that condoms do not give enough protection from Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV and pregnancies...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062968/microbial-translocation-and-immune-activation-in-hiv-1-infected-pregnant-women
#3
Charles D Mitchell, Sady Dominguez, Margaret Roach, Varghese George, Stephano Rinaldi, Margaret Fischl, Jonell Potter, Brittany Tyson, Savita Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Immune Activation (IA) has been previously documented in both pregnant (PG) and non-PG HIV-1 infected(HIV+) women as well as in HIV- uninfected PG women; the latter as a result of the fetal allograft. To determine whether the combined effects of HIV and pregnancy result in increased IA and whether IA is associated with Microbial Translocation (MT), we performed a prospective, longitudinal, controlled study during pregnancy and the postpartum (PP) period. METHODS: HIV+ PG women had biomarkers of IA and MT tested at 12-20 weeks (T1), and 24-36 weeks (T2) of pregnancy and at 6-8 weeks Postpartum (T3) ...
July 31, 2018: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020867/health-issues-associated-with-commercial-sexual-exploitation-and-sex-trafficking-of-children-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#4
PhuongThao D Le, Nessa Ryan, Yael Rosenstock, Emily Goldmann
This article reviews studies examining health issues associated with commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking (CSE/ST) of children in the United States. We searched five health and social sciences databases for peer-reviewed articles published in English between January 1990 and April 2017. After independent screening of the records, we identified 27 studies that met the inclusion criteria. Descriptions of the included studies and their definitions of CSE/ST are provided. Most of the studies sampled children and youth in urban, metropolitan areas and employed cross-sectional surveys or reviewed case files and medical records of convenience samples...
July 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945601/medication-adherence-in-pregnant-women-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#5
Olumuyiwa Omonaiye, Snezana Kusljic, Pat Nicholson, Elizabeth Manias
BACKGROUND: The use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a core strategy proposed by the World Health Organization in preventing mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. This systematic review aimed to examine the enablers and barriers of medication adherence among HIV positive pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We used the following keywords: HIV AND (Pregnancy OR Pregnant*) AND (PMTCT OR "PMTCT Cascade" OR "Vertical Transmission" OR "Mother-to-Child") AND (Prevent OR Prevention) AND (HAART OR "Antiretroviral Therapy" OR "Triple Therapy") AND (Retention OR Concordance OR Adherence OR Compliance) to conduct electronic searches in the following databases: MEDLINE Complete (1916-Dec 2017), Embase (1947-Dec 2017), Global Health (1910-Dec 2017) and CINAHL Complete (1937-Dec 2017)...
June 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724181/high-pregnancy-incidence-and-low-contraceptive-use-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-female-entertainment-and-sex-workers-in-phnom-penh-cambodia
#6
Putu Duff, Jennifer L Evans, Ellen S Stein, Kimberly Page, Lisa Maher
BACKGROUND: While HIV and unintended pregnancies are both occupational risks faced by female sex workers, the epidemiology of pregnancy and its drivers in this population remains understudied. This includes Cambodia, where the drivers of pregnancy among female entertainment and sex workers (FESW) remain unknown. The current study aimed to examine factors associated with incident pregnancy, as well as describe contraceptive use among FESW in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. METHODS: This analysis drew from the Young Women's Health Study (YWHS)-2, a 12-month observational cohort of 220 FESW aged 15-29 years, conducted between August 2009 and August 2010...
May 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600595/the-tablets-ring-injections-as-options-trio-study-what-young-african-women-chose-and-used-for-future-hiv-and-pregnancy-prevention
#7
Ariane van der Straten, Kawango Agot, Khatija Ahmed, Rachel Weinrib, Erica N Browne, Kgahlisho Manenzhe, Fredrick Owino, Jill Schwartz, Alexandra Minnis
INTRODUCTION: Preventing HIV and unintended pregnancies are key global health priorities. To inform product rollout and to understand attributes of future multipurpose prevention technologies (MPT) associated with preference and use, we evaluated three placebo delivery forms: daily oral tablets, a monthly vaginal ring, and two monthly intramuscular injections in TRIO, a five-month study among young Kenyan and South African women. METHODS: HIV-negative, sexually active, non-pregnant women aged 18 to 30 were enrolled and randomized to use each placebo delivery form for one month (stage 1)...
March 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594093/offline-and-online-sexual-risk-behavior-among-youth-in-the-netherlands-findings-from-sex-under-the-age-of-25
#8
Hanneke De Graaf, Mirthe Verbeek, Marieke Van den Borne, Suzanne Meijer
Sexually developing adolescents and emerging adults face sexual health risks as well as potentially negative outcomes of online sexual behaviors. The goal of this study was to describe three categories of sexual risk behavior: (1) behavior related to STI/HIV, (2) behavior related to unplanned pregnancy, and (3) online sexual risk behavior. In addition, we investigated whether these behaviors are actually related to negative (health) outcomes. For this purpose, we used data from a Dutch probability survey: "Sex under the age of 25...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560570/young-women-s-ratings-of-three-placebo-multipurpose-prevention-technologies-for-hiv-and-pregnancy-prevention-in-a-randomized-cross-over-study-in-kenya-and-south-africa
#9
Alexandra M Minnis, Sarah T Roberts, Kawango Agot, Rachel Weinrib, Khatija Ahmed, Kgahlisho Manenzhe, Fredrick Owino, Ariane van der Straten
End-user input is critical to inform development of multipurpose prevention technology (MPT) products that prevent HIV and pregnancy. The TRIO Study, conducted in Kenya and South Africa, enrolled 277 HIV-negative women aged 18-30 in a randomized cross-over study to use each placebo MPT (daily oral tablets, monthly injections, and monthly vaginal ring) for one month. At the end of each month, participants rated how much they liked using the product on a 5-point Likert scale (5 = liked very much). We compared mean ratings using paired t-tests and examined sociodemographic-, attribute-, and behavior-related characteristics associated with ratings using multivariable linear regression and data from in-depth interviews...
August 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537654/the-cost-effectiveness-of-multi-purpose-hiv-and-pregnancy-prevention-technologies-in-south-africa
#10
Matthew Quaife, Fern Terris-Prestholt, Robyn Eakle, Maria A Cabrera Escobar, Maggie Kilbourne-Brook, Mercy Mvundura, Gesine Meyer-Rath, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Peter Vickerman
INTRODUCTION: A number of antiretroviral HIV prevention products are efficacious in preventing HIV infection. However, the sexual and reproductive health needs of many women extend beyond HIV prevention, and research is ongoing to develop multi-purpose prevention technologies (MPTs) that offer dual HIV and pregnancy protection. We do not yet know if these products will be an efficient use of constrained health resources. In this paper, we estimate the cost-effectiveness of combinations of candidate multi-purpose prevention technologies (MPTs), in South Africa among general population women and female sex workers (FSWs)...
March 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274714/no-354-canadian-hiv-pregnancy-planning-guidelines
#11
Mona Loutfy, V Logan Kennedy, Vanessa Poliquin, Frederick Dzineku, Nicola L Dean, Shari Margolese, Alison Symington, Deborah M Money, Scot Hamilton, Tracey Conway, Sarah Khan, Mark H Yudin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Canadian HIV Pregnancy Planning Guidelines is to provide clinical information and recommendations for health care providers to assist Canadians affected by HIV with their fertility, preconception, and pregnancy planning decisions. These guidelines are evidence- and community-based and flexible and take into account diverse and intersecting local/population needs based on the social determinants of health. INTENDED OUTCOMES: EVIDENCE: Literature searches were conducted by a librarian using the Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Embase databases for published articles in English and French related to HIV and pregnancy and HIV and pregnancy planning for each section of the guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052018/end-users-product-preference-across-three-multipurpose-prevention-technology-delivery-forms-baseline-results-from-young-women-in-kenya-and-south-africa
#12
Rachel Weinrib, Alexandra Minnis, Kawango Agot, Khatija Ahmed, Fred Owino, Kgahlisho Manenzhe, Helen Cheng, Ariane van der Straten
A multipurpose prevention technology (MPT) that combines HIV and pregnancy prevention is a promising women's health intervention, particularly for young women. However, little is known about the drivers of acceptability and product choice for MPTs in this population. This paper explores approval ratings and stated choice across three different MPT delivery forms among potential end-users. The Trio Study was a mixed-methods study in women ages 18-30 that examined acceptability of three MPT delivery forms: oral tablets, injections, and vaginal ring...
January 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339690/automated-classification-of-eligibility-criteria-in-clinical-trials-to-facilitate-patient-trial-matching-for-specific-patient-populations
#13
Kevin Zhang, Dina Demner-Fushman
Objective: To develop automated classification methods for eligibility criteria in ClinicalTrials.gov to facilitate patient-trial matching for specific populations such as persons living with HIV or pregnant women. Materials and Methods: We annotated 891 interventional cancer trials from ClinicalTrials.gov based on their eligibility for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients using their eligibility criteria. These annotations were used to develop classifiers based on regular expressions and machine learning (ML)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842555/low-prevalence-of-laboratory-confirmed-malaria-in-clinically-diagnosed-adult-women-from-the-wakiso-district-of-uganda
#14
Sergey Yegorov, Ronald M Galiwango, Aloysious Ssemaganda, Moses Muwanga, Irene Wesonga, George Miiro, David A Drajole, Kevin C Kain, Noah Kiwanuka, Bernard S Bagaya, Rupert Kaul
BACKGROUND: The malaria burden in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has fallen substantially. Nevertheless, malaria remains a serious health concern, and Uganda ranks third in SSA in total malaria burden. Epidemiological studies of adult malaria in Uganda are scarce and little is known about rates of malaria in non-pregnant adult women. This pilot study assessed malaria prevalence among adult women from Wakiso district, historically a highly malaria endemic region. METHODS: Adult women using public health services were screened for malaria, HIV and pregnancy...
November 14, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642267/gender-focused-hiv-and-pregnancy-prevention-for-school-going-adolescents-the-mpondombili-pilot-intervention-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#15
Abigail Harrison, Susie Hoffman, Joanne E Mantell, Jennifer A Smit, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Theresa M Exner, Zena A Stein
This pilot study evaluated a 15 session classroom intervention for HIV and pregnancy prevention among grade 8-10 boys and girls (ages 14-17) in rural South Africa, guided by gender-empowerment theory and implemented by teachers, nurses, and youth peer educators. Pre- and post-intervention surveys included 933 male and female students in two intervention and two comparison schools. MAIN OUTCOME: condom use at last sex; secondary outcomes: partner communication; gender beliefs and values; perceived peer behaviors; self-efficacy for safer sex...
2016: Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275799/pregnancy-intentions-and-safer-pregnancy-knowledge-among-female-sex-workers-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa
#16
Amrita Rao, Stefan Baral, Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Andrew Lambert, Zamakayise Kose, Mfezi Mcingana, Claire Holland, Sosthenes Ketende, Sheree Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and pregnancy intentions and safer conception knowledge among female sex workers in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited female sex workers in Port Elizabeth using respondent-driven sampling and completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire alongside HIV testing and counseling. In this secondary analysis, robust Poisson regression was used to model prevalence ratios for positive fertility intentions in this cross-sectional study...
July 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130864/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-and-sexual-disinhibition-in-females-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Purnima Madhivanan, Dudith Pierre-Victor, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Prasad Bhoite, Brionna Powell, Naomie Jean-Baptiste, Rachel Clarke, Tenesha Avent, Karl Krupp
CONTEXT: Some parents believe human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination increases the chance of risky sexual behaviors among adolescents. This review summarizes the evidence available on adolescent girls and women engaging in risky sexual activity following HPV vaccination. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Systematic review using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was conducted in 2014 and updated in 2015. Literature was searched for articles published between 2004 and 2015 in MEDLINE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Cochrane Database, Web of Science, and EMBASE without language limits...
September 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981840/analysis-of-cognitive-variables-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-people-from-spain
#18
María de la Paz Bermúdez, Ludgleydson Fernandes de Araújo, Antonio Ortega Reyes, José Hernández-Quero, Inmaculada Teva
The wider availability of anti-retroviral treatment has brought about an improvement in the immunological situation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals, which in turn has led to significant reductions in AIDS-related morbidity and mortality and better quality of life for patients. However, the rate of diagnosis of new cases of HIV among the adult population is on the increase due to high-risk sexual behavior practices, particularly not using condoms, sexual relations with a large number of partners and starting sexual relations at a younger age, with unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV...
July 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26602621/a-review-of-evidence-based-care-of-symptomatic-trichomoniasis-and-asymptomatic-trichomonas-vaginalis-infections
#19
REVIEW
Elissa Meites, Charlotte A Gaydos, Marcia M Hobbs, Patricia Kissinger, Paul Nyirjesy, Jane R Schwebke, W Evan Secor, Jack D Sobel, Kimberly A Workowski
Trichomonas vaginalis is the most prevalent nonviral sexually transmitted infection, affecting an estimated 3.7 million women and men in the United States. Health disparities are prominent in the epidemiology of this infection, which affects 11% of women aged ≥40 years and a disproportionately high percentage of black women. Particularly high prevalences have been identified among sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic patients and incarcerated individuals. This article reviews and updates scientific evidence in key topic areas used for the development of the 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
December 15, 2015: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26075159/rising-school-enrollment-and-declining-hiv-and-pregnancy-risk-among-adolescents-in-rakai-district-uganda-1994-2013
#20
John Santelli, Sanyukta Mathur, Xiaoyu Song, Tzu Jung Huang, Ying Wei, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Ron H Gray, David M Serwadda
BACKGROUND: Poverty, family stability, and social policies influence the ability of adolescents to attend school. Likewise, being enrolled in school may shape an adolescent's risk for HIV and pregnancy. We identified trends in school enrollment, factors predicting school enrollment (antecedents), and health risks associated with staying in or leaving school (consequences). METHODS: Data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) were examined for adolescents 15-19 years (n=21,735 person-rounds) from 1994 to 2013...
June 2015: Global Social Welfare: Research, Policy & Practice
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