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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469066/clinico-pathological-profile-of-colorectal-cancer-in-first-two-decades-of-life-a-retrospective-analysis-from-tertiary-health-center
#1
D Sharma, G Singh
AIM: This retrospective observational study was done to analyze age, gender, site of primary tumor and histological characterstics in patients of colorectal carcinoma in the first two decades of life. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 373 patients of colorectal patients were registered in the Department of Radiation Oncology from January 2010 to December 2015. Patients who were <20 years of age were analyzed for clinicopathological characteristic. RESULTS: In our study, a total of 29 out of 373 patients (7...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464031/phospholipase-c%C3%AE-1-links-inflammation-and-tumorigenesis-in-colitis-associated-cancer
#2
Kwang-Il Park, Kwang-Youn Kim, Tae Woo Oh, Du-Seock Kang, Eung-Kyun Kim, Yong Ryoul Yang, Young-Kyo Seo, Jin-Yeul Ma, Pann-Ghill Suh
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Colorectal cancer is linked to inflammation and phospholipase Cγ1 (PLCγ1) is associated with tumorigenesis and the development of colorectal cancer; however, evidence of mechanisms connecting them remains unclear. The tight junctions (TJ), as intercellular junctional complexes, have an important role for integrity of the epithelial barrier to regulate the cellular permeability...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463834/family-history-of-colorectal-cancer-in-first-degree-relatives-and-metachronous-colorectal-adenoma
#3
Elizabeth T Jacobs, Samir Gupta, John A Baron, Amanda J Cross, David A Lieberman, Gwen Murphy, María Elena Martínez
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the relationship between having a first-degree relative (FDR) with colorectal cancer (CRC) and risk for metachronous colorectal adenoma (CRA) following polypectomy. METHODS: We pooled data from seven prospective studies of 7697 patients with previously resected CRAs to quantify the relationship between having a FDR with CRC and risk for metachronous adenoma. RESULTS: Compared with having no family history of CRC, a positive family history in any FDR was significantly associated with increased odds of developing any metachronous CRA (OR = 1...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447923/the-significance-of-tumor-budding-in-t1-colorectal-carcinoma-the-most-reliable-predictor-of-lymph-node-metastasis-especially-in-endoscopically-resected-t1-colorectal-carcinoma
#4
So Jeong Lee, Ahrong Kim, Young Keum Kim, Won Young Park, Hyun Sung Kim, Hong-Jae Jo, Nahmgun Oh, Geum Am Song, Do Youn Park
Endoscopic resection is widely recognized as a first-line treatment for T1 colorectal cancers (CRC), although additional surgical intervention may be indicated based on the risk of lymph node (LN) metastasis. However, risk factors for LN metastasis in T1 CRC not fully established. We investigated the clinicopathological features of T1 CRC and evaluated their association with lymph node metastasis in 133 cases of T1 CRC, consisting of 87 cases with first-line endoscopic resection (EMR) followed by additional surgery and 46 cases with primary surgical resection...
February 12, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445866/second-primary-colorectal-cancer-among-endometrial-cancer-survivor-shared-etiology-and-treatment-sequelae
#5
Myong Cheol Lim, Young-Joo Won, Jiwon Lim, Sang-Soo Seo, Sokbom Kang, Chong Woo Yoo, Joo-Young Kim, Jae Hwan Oh, Robert E Bristow, Sang-Yoon Park
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of colon cancer as a second primary cancer (CCSPC) and the survival outcomes of women with and without CCSPC after the diagnosis of endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of CCSPC and survival outcomes of EC survivors with and without CCSPC were analyzed using data from January 1 1993 to December 31 2011, obtained from the Korea Central Cancer Registry. RESULTS: Of 14,797 EC survivors, 147 (0...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442024/anti-cancer-activity-of-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-ak-0-through-cyclin-d1-proteasomal-degradation-via-gsk3%C3%AE-dependent-phosphorylation-of-threonine-286
#6
Gwang Hun Park, Hun Min Song, Young Soo Kim, Yongho Jeon, Jin Suk Koo, Hyung Jin Jeong, Jin Boo Jeong
Microorganisms have been regarded as important sources of novel bioactive natural products. In this study, we evaluated the anti-cancer activity and the potential mechanism of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens AK-0 newly isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Korean ginseng. The ethyl acetate fraction from the culture medium of B. amyloliquefaciens AK-0 (EA-AK0) inhibited markedly the proliferation of human colorectal cancer cells such as HCT116, SW480, LoVo and HT-29. EA-AK0 effectively decreased cyclin D1 protein level in human colorectal cancer cells, while cyclin D1 mRNA level was not changed by EA-AK0 treatment...
June 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437041/preoperative-exercise-halves-the-postoperative-complication-rate-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-exercise-on-complications-length-of-stay-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Steffens, Paula R Beckenkamp, Mark Hancock, Michael Solomon, Jane Young
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of preoperative exercises interventions in patients undergoing oncological surgery, on postoperative complications, length of hospital stay and quality of life. DESIGN: Intervention systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase and PEDro. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Trials investigating the effectiveness of preoperative exercise for any oncological patient undergoing surgery were included...
February 1, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434013/web-based-communication-strategies-designed-to-improve-intention-to-minimize-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Carlene Wilson, Ingrid Flight, Ian T Zajac, Deborah Turnbull, Graeme P Young, Ian Olver
BACKGROUND: People seek information on the Web for managing their colorectal cancer (CRC) risk but retrieve much personally irrelevant material. Targeting information pertinent to this cohort via a frequently asked question (FAQ) format could improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We identified and prioritized colorectal cancer information for men and women aged 35 to 74 years (study 1) and built a website containing FAQs ordered by age and gender. In study 2, we conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test whether targeted FAQs were more influential on intention to act on CRC risk than the same information accessed via a generic topic list...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429156/guideline-adherence-to-colonoscopic-surveillance-intervals-after-polypectomy-in-korea-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#9
Seri Hong, Mina Suh, Kui Son Choi, Boyoung Park, Jae Myung Cha, Hyun-Soo Kim, Jae Kwan Jun, Dong Soo Han
Background/Aims: People around the world are increasingly choosing to undergo colorectal cancer screening via colonoscopy. As a result, guideline adherence to postpolypectomy colonoscopy surveillance has drawn increasing attention. The present study was performed to assess recognition and adherence to guidelines among primary care physicians and gastroenterologists and to identify characteristics associated with compliance. Methods: A nationwide sample of primary care physicians employed at cancer screening facilities and registered members of the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy were recruited...
February 13, 2018: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429153/cancer-prevention-with-green-tea-and-its-principal-constituent-egcg-from-early-investigations-to-current-focus-on-human-cancer-stem-cells
#10
Hirota Fujiki, Tatsuro Watanabe, Eisaburo Sueoka, Anchalee Rawangkan, Masami Suganuma
Cancer preventive activities of green tea and its main constituent, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) have been extensively studied by scientists all over the world. Since 1983, we have studied the cancer chemopreventive effects of EGCG as well as green tea extract and underlying molecular mechanisms. The first part of this review summarizes groundbreaking topics with EGCG and green tea extract: 1) Delayed cancer onset as revealed by a 10-year prospective cohort study, 2) Prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence by a double-blind randomized clinical phase II trial, 3) Inhibition of metastasis of B16 melanoma cells to the lungs of mice, 4) Increase in the average value of Young's moduli, i...
January 31, 2018: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422808/clinical-outcomes-of-surveillance-colonoscopy-for-patients-with-sessile-serrated-adenoma
#11
Sung Jae Park, Hyuk Yoon, In Sub Jung, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Na Young Kim, Dong Ho Lee
Background/Aims: Sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) are known to be precursors of colorectal cancer (CRC). The proper interval of follow-up colonoscopy for SSAs is still being debated. We sought to determine the proper interval of colonoscopy surveillance in patients diagnosed with SSAs in South Korea. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed with SSAs who received 1 or more follow-up colonoscopies. The information reviewed included patient baseline characteristics, SSA characteristics, and colonoscopy information...
January 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422797/quality-is-the-key-for-emerging-issues-of-population-based-colonoscopy-screening
#12
REVIEW
Jin Young Yoon, Jae Myung Cha, Yoon Tae Jeen
Colonoscopy is currently regarded as the gold standard and preferred method of screening for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the benefit of colonoscopy screening may be blunted by low participation rates in population-based screening programs. Harmful effects of population-based colonoscopy screening may include complications induced by colonoscopy itself and by sedation, psychosocial distress, potential over-diagnosis, and socioeconomic burden. In addition, harmful effects of colonoscopy may increase with age and comorbidities...
January 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417332/left-sided-colectomy-one-of-the-important-risk-factors-of-metachronous-colorectal-adenoma-after-colectomy-for-colon-cancer
#13
Gee Young Yun, Hee Seok Moon, In Sun Kwon, Ju Seok Kim, Sun Hyung Kang, Eaum Seok Lee, Seok Hyun Kim, Jae Kyu Sung, Byung Seok Lee, Hyun Yong Jeong
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of colonic resection for cancer have an increased risk for the development of metachronous malignant lesions. However, there is a lack of data on the detection rates of premalignant lesions during colonoscopy surveillance in these patients, and the few existing studies have shown conflicting results. AIMS: To identify the risk factor of metachronous premalignant lesions after colon cancer surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively screened consecutive patients who had undergone colonic surgery to treat colon cancer at the Chungnam National University Hospital between September 2009 and April 2014...
February 8, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410498/knockdown-of-spry4-and-spry4-it1-inhibits-cell-growth-and-phosphorylation-of-akt-in-human-testicular-germ-cell-tumours
#14
Mrinal K Das, Kari Furu, Herman F Evensen, Øyvind P Haugen, Trine B Haugen
Testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT) is the most common cancer in young men in large parts of the world, but the aetiology is mainly unknown. Genome-wide association studies have so far identified about 50 susceptibility loci associated with TGCT, including SPRY4. SPRY4 has shown tumour suppressor activity in several cancer cells, such as lung and prostate, while it was found to act as an oncogene in ovarian cancer. An intronic region within the SPRY4 gene produces a long non-coding RNA, SPRY4-IT1, which has been reported to act as an oncogene in melanoma, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer, and as a tumour suppressor in lung cancer...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401560/budget-impact-of-the-accreditation-program-for-clinical-laboratories-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-via-fecal-immunochemical-testing-results-from-the-national-cancer-screening-program-in-korea
#15
Jae Kwan Jun, Na Young Sung, Seung Hoon Song, Seri Hong, Mi Ae Jang, Junghan Song, Jeong Ho Kim, Won Ki Min, You Kyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: False-positive fecal immunochemical test (FIT) results in the National Cancer Screening Program (NCSP) for colorectal cancer may lead to unnecessary procedures, such as colonoscopies, increasing the medical costs. We estimated reductions in the cost of National Health Insurance according to the accreditation status of screening facilities participating in the NCSP for colorectal cancer. METHODS: We used data collected between 2007 and 2010 from NCSP and the Korea Central Cancer Registry to identify patients with colorectal cancer...
May 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400307/serrated-polyposis-syndrome-in-a-single-center-10-year-experience
#16
Hyun Young Kim
AIMS: Serrated polyposis syndrome is a disease that is often missed in the clinical setting and is associated with colorectal cancer. We investigated the prevalence of SPS and the association between colorectal or other cancers in a 10-year, retrospective data analysis. METHODS: We reviewed complete colonoscopy data obtained from January 2005 through January 2015 at a health-screening centre. Serrated polyposis syndrome was defined on the basis of the criteria established by the 2010 World Health Organization...
January 20, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397649/quality-is-the-key-for-emerging-issues-of-population-based-colonoscopy-screening
#17
REVIEW
Jin Young Yoon, Jae Myung Cha, Yoon Tae Jeen
Colonoscopy is currently regarded as the gold standard and preferred method of screening for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the benefit of colonoscopy screening may be blunted by low participation rates in population-based screening programs. Harmful effects of population-based colonoscopy screening may include complications induced by colonoscopy itself and by sedation, psychosocial distress, potential over-diagnosis, and socioeconomic burden. In addition, harmful effects of colonoscopy may increase with age and comorbidities...
January 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391904/hemacytotoxicity-and-natural-killer-lytic-index-new-parameters-to-evaluate-natural-killer-cell-immunity-for-clinical-use-in-cancer
#18
Hyung Gun Maeng, Su Jin Lee, Yun A Lee, Hye Jeong Lee, Young Joo Kim, Jong Kyun Lee, Jae Cheol Kim, Joungbum Choi
Cytotoxicity assays with patient peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)-derived natural killer (NK) cells are useful in evaluating the innate immunity of patients with cancer. However, the size of the NK cell population in PBMC preparations may have significant effects on the assay outcome. Therefore, the present study examined the effect of NK cell frequency in a cytotoxicity system to investigate NK cell immunity in post-surgical colorectal cancer patients. For this, hemacytotoxicity was assessed using PBMC preparations, and lymphocyte subset populations were analyzed in samples obtained from 47 patients and 45 healthy volunteers...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383150/molecular-crosstalk-between-ferroptosis-and-apoptosis-emerging-role-of-er-stress-induced-p53-independent-puma-expression
#19
Se Hoon Hong, Dae-Hee Lee, Young-Sun Lee, Min Jee Jo, Yoon A Jeong, William T Kwon, Haroon A Choudry, David L Bartlett, Yong J Lee
Ferroptosis is a type of programmed cell death that depends on iron and is characterized by the accumulation of lipid peroxides. In the present study, we investigated the nature of the interplay between ferroptosis and other forms of cell death such as apoptosis. Human pancreatic cancer PANC-1 and BxPC-3 and human colorectal cancer HCT116 cells were treated with ferroptotic agents such as erastin and artesunate (ART) in combination with the apoptotic agent tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)...
December 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378785/the-women-s-health-initiative-whi-life-and-longevity-after-cancer-lilac-study-description-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants
#20
Electra D Paskett, Bette J Caan, Lisa Johnson, Brittany M Bernardo, Gregory S Young, Michael L Pennell, Roberta M Ray, Candyce H Kroenke, Peggy L Porter, Garnet L Anderson
Background: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Life and Longevity After Cancer (LILAC) study offers an important opportunity to advance cancer research by extending the original WHI studies to examine survivorship in women diagnosed with cancer during their participation in WHI.Methods: The goals of LILAC are to (i) obtain cancer treatment information and long-term cancer outcomes for women diagnosed with one of eight selected cancers (breast, endometrial, ovarian, lung, and colorectal cancers, and melanoma, lymphoma, and leukemia); (ii) augment the existing WHI biorepository with fixed tumor tissue from the solid tumor sites for cancers diagnosed since 2002; and (iii) develop, refine, and validate methods to use administrative data to capture treatment and recurrence data...
January 29, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
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