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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094560/systemic-metabolite-changes-in-wild-type-c57bl-6-mice-fed-black-raspberries
#1
Pan Pan, Chad W Skaer, Hsin-Tzu Wang, Michael A Kreiser, Steven M Stirdivant, Kiyoko Oshima, Yi-Wen Huang, Matthew R Young, Li-Shu Wang
INTRODUCTION: Freeze-dried black raspberries (BRBs) elicit chemopreventive effects against colorectal cancer in humans and in rodents. The objective of this study was to investigate potential BRB-caused metabolite changes using wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: WT mice were fed either control diet or control diet supplemented with 5% BRBs for 8 wk. A nontargeted metabolomic analysis was conducted on colonic mucosa, liver, and fecal specimens collected from both diet groups...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087988/cpg-island-methylator-phenotype-is-an-independent-predictor-of-survival-after-curative-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Chang Hyun Kim, Jung Wook Huh, Hyeong Rok Kim, Young Jin Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is found in approximately 30% of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases. However, the role of CIMP status in predicting oncologic outcomes in curatively resected CRC is still unclear. STUDY: Between January 2006 and December 2006, we retrospectively reviewed 157 consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for CRC. Prognostic significance of CIMP status was evaluated using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078116/pretreatment-tumor-volume-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-treated-with-selective-internal-radiation-to-the-liver-using-yttrium-90-resin-microspheres
#3
Neha Bhooshan, Navesh K Sharma, Shahed Badiyan, Adeel Kaiser, Fred M Moeslein, Young Kwok, Pradip P Amin, Svetlana Kudryasheva, Michael D Chuong
BACKGROUND: Yttrium-90 ((90)Y)-resin microspheres can prolong intrahepatic disease control and improve overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Prognostic factors for improved outcomes in patients undergoing selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) have been studied, but the relationship between pre-SIRT liver tumor volume and outcomes has not well described. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with metastatic CRC who were treated at our institution with (90)Y-resin microspheres...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072719/association-between-dietary-fat-intake-and-colorectal-adenoma-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Jeehyun Kim, Seung-Won Oh, Young-Sun Kim, Hyuktae Kwon, Hee-Kyung Joh, Ji-Eun Lee, Danbee Park, Jae-Hong Park, Ah-Ryoung Ko, Ye-Ji Kim
The incidence of colorectal cancer is rapidly increasing in South Korea. It is important to clarify the association between colorectal cancer and diet, being one of the main modifiable risk factors, as such studies in the Korean population are lacking.A cross-sectional study was performed using data from participants who had undergone a screening colonoscopy and a nutritional assessment during a routine health check-up from January 2008 to December 2011. Dietary intake data were derived from 1-day food records; colorectal adenoma was histopathologically confirmed by biopsy during colonoscopy...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067940/geographical-and-epidemiological-analysis-of-oncological-incidence-in-paediatric-and-adolescent-ages-in-a-municipality-of-north-western-italy-vercelli-years-2002-2009
#5
C Salerno, P Berchialla, L A Palin, E Barasolo, P G Fossale, P Marciani
INTRODUCTION: This study of the geographical incidence on the oncological mortality in young age (0-44 years) in the City of Vercelli, was aimed to address the concerns of the population and the request of municipal administrators. A detailed and sophisticated study for a City of medium-small size is due for the presence of various sources of pressure, such as a MSW incinerator just a few kilometres from the city and an intensive agricultural activity that characterizes the entire area...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065631/the-fecal-immunochemical-test-has-high-accuracy-for-detecting-advanced-colorectal-neoplasia-before-age-50
#6
Nam Hee Kim, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn, Kyuyong Choi, Yoon Suk Jung
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the decreasing incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults ≥50 years, the CRC incidence in young adults <50 years is increasing. The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) may be useful for advanced colorectal neoplasia (ACRN) screening in a young population. AIMS: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FIT in a young population. METHODS: The diagnostic performance of FIT for detecting ACRN was compared among the following age groups who underwent FIT and colonoscopy as part of a comprehensive health screening program: 30-39, 40-49, and ≥50 years...
December 24, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058013/aging-related-methylation-influences-the-gene-expression-of-key-control-genes-in-colorectal-cancer-and-adenoma
#7
Orsolya Galamb, Alexandra Kalmár, Barbara Kinga Barták, Árpád V Patai, Katalin Leiszter, Bálint Péterfia, Barnabás Wichmann, Gábor Valcz, Gábor Veres, Zsolt Tulassay, Béla Molnár
AIM: To analyze colorectal carcinogenesis and age-related DNA methylation alterations of gene sequences associated with epigenetic clock CpG sites. METHODS: In silico DNA methylation analysis of 353 epigenetic clock CpG sites published by Steve Horvath was performed using methylation array data for a set of 123 colonic tissue samples [64 colorectal cancer (CRC), 42 adenoma, 17 normal; GEO accession number: GSE48684]. Among the differentially methylated age-related genes, secreted frizzled related protein 1 (SFRP1) promoter methylation was further investigated in colonic tissue from 8 healthy adults, 19 normal children, 20 adenoma and 8 CRC patients using bisulfite-specific PCR followed by methylation-specific high resolution melting (MS-HRM) analysis...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055266/quality-of-life-in-long-term-and-very-long-term-cancer-survivors-versus-population-controls-in-germany
#8
Volker Arndt, Lena Koch-Gallenkamp, Lina Jansen, Heike Bertram, Andrea Eberle, Bernd Holleczek, Sieglinde Schmid-Höpfner, Annika Waldmann, Sylke Ruth Zeissig, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: With the increasing number and diversity of cancer survivors, studies of survivors' physical, emotional, and social health are of growing importance. While there is a growing body of literature on the quality of life (QoL) of cancer patients during the early years past diagnosis, less is known regarding QoL in long-term survivors (LTS) (5 + years past diagnosis) and particularly in very long-term survivors (VLTS) (10 + years past diagnosis). The objective of our study is to: (1) compare QoL of long-term cancer survivors and population norms; and (2) assess whether any deficits in QoL of survivors observed 5-10 years past diagnosis persist beyond the 10th year past diagnosis...
January 5, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053287/clinical-parameters-to-guide-decision-making-in-elderly-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients-treated-with-intensive-cytotoxic-and-anti-angiogenic-therapy
#9
Gemma Bruera, Antonio Russo, Antonio Galvano, Sergio Rizzo, Enrico Ricevuto
INTRODUCTION: Bevacizumab addiction to triplet chemotherapy, according to FIr-B/FOx schedule, as first-line treatment in young-elderly metastatic colorectal CANCER (MCRC) patients may be more effective. Tailored treatments show worse clinical outcome in unfit patients. METHODS: Elderly patients were clinically evaluated according to age and comorbidity (Cumulative Illness Rating Scale) to select FIr-B/FOx regimen in fit or tailored treatments in unfit elderly. Limiting toxicity syndromes (LTS) were evaluated...
December 28, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052910/acupuncture-and-pc6-stimulation-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-elective-laparoscopic-resection-of-colorectal-cancer-a-study-protocol-for-a-three-arm-randomised-pilot-trial
#10
Kun Hyung Kim, Dae Hun Kim, Ji Min Bae, Gyung Mo Son, Kyung Hee Kim, Seung Pyo Hong, Gi Young Yang, Hee Young Kim
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to assess the feasibility of acupuncture and a Pericardium 6 (PC6) wristband as an add-on intervention of antiemetic medication for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 60 participants who are scheduled to undergo elective laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer will be recruited. An enhanced recovery after surgery protocol using standardised antiemetic medication will be provided for all participants...
January 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051997/genetic-variation-in-ppargc1a-may-affect-the-role-of-diet-associated-inflammation-in-colorectal-carcinogenesis
#11
Young Ae Cho, Jeonghee Lee, Jae Hwan Oh, Hee Jin Chang, Dae Kyung Sohn, Aesun Shin, Jeongseon Kim
The role of inflammation in colorectal carcinogenesis may differ according to individuals' genetic variations. Therefore, we investigated whether genetic susceptibility alters the association between inflammatory potential of diet and the risk of colorectal cancer within the Korean population. We genotyped four polymorphisms in four genes (IL1B, TNF, PPARG, and PPARGC1A) and calculated the dietary inflammatory index (DII) in a case-control study with 701 colorectal cancer patients and 1,402 controls. Among the investigated polymorphisms, heterozygous carriers of rs3774921 in PPARGC1A showed a higher risk of colorectal cancer (OR [95% CI] = 1...
December 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049253/prostate-cancer-in-a-patient-with-a-family-history-of-brca-mutation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Won Hoon Song, Sung Han Kim, Jae Young Joung, Weon Seo Park, Ho Kyung Seo, Jinsoo Chung, Kang Hyun Lee
One of the most significant risk factors for prostate cancer (PC) is a family history of the disease, with germ-line mutations in the breast cancer predisposition gene (BRCA) 2 conferring the highest risk. We here report a 56-year-old man presented with painful gait disturbance and diagnosed PC with multiple disseminated bone metastases. The patient had a strong family history of breast cancer with his 2 nieces affected. Furthermore, his aunts and uncles from both sides were diagnosed with stomach, ovarian, and colorectal cancers...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041973/prognostic-significance-of-stromal-grem1-expression-in-colorectal-cancer
#13
Bo Gun Jang, Hye Sung Kim, Weon Young Chang, Jeong Mo Bae, Hyeon Jeong Oh, Xianyu Wen, Seorin Jeong, Nam Yun Cho, Woo Ho Kim, Gyeong Hoon Kang
Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the dominant cell population in the cancer stroma. Gremlin 1 (GREM1), an antagonist of the bone morphogenetic protein pathway, is expressed by CAFs in a variety of human cancers. However, its biological significance for cancer patients is largely unknown. We applied RNA in situ hybridization (ISH) to evaluate the prognostic value of stromal GREM1 expression in a large cohort of 670 colorectal cancers (CRCs). Overall GREM1 expression in CRCs was lower than that of the matched normal mucosa, and GREM1 expression had a strong positive correlation with BMI1 and inverse correlations with EPHB2 and OLFM4...
December 29, 2016: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028695/5-fluorouracil-inhibits-cell-migration-by-induction-of-sestrin2-in-colon-cancer-cells
#14
Kyuhwa Seo, Sung Hwan Ki, Eun Young Park, Sang Mi Shin
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of colorectal cancer. In this study, we investigated whether 5-FU induces Sestrin2 (SESN2), an antioxidant enzyme, and the role of SESN2 in 5-FU action in colon cancer cells. We found that 5-FU upregulated SESN2 protein expression in both HCT116 and HT29 cells. It also increased transcripts of SESN1 and SESN2, but not of SESN3. Furthermore, we investigated whether production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was involved in 5-FU-induced SESN2 expression...
December 27, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013532/aurora-kinase-a-is-a-prognostic-marker-in-colorectal-adenocarcinoma
#15
Hyun Min Koh, Bo Geun Jang, Chang Lim Hyun, Young Sill Kim, Jin Won Hyun, Weon Young Chang, Young Hee Maeng
Background: Aurora kinase A (AURKA), or STK15/BTAK, is a member of the serine/threonine kinase family and plays important roles in mitosis and chromosome stability. This study investigated the clinical significance of AURKA expression in colorectal cancer patients in Korea. Materials and Methods: AURKA protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 151 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma using tissue microarray blocks. We analyzed the relationship between clinicopathological characteristics and AURKA expression...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012690/embolization-for-bleeding-after-hepatic-radiofrequency-ablation
#16
Jong Woo Kim, Ji Hoon Shin, Pyo Nyun Kim, Yong Moon Shin, Hyung Jin Won, Gi-Young Ko, Hyun-Ki Yoon
PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and clinical efficacy of embolization for management of bleeding after hepatic radiofrequency (RF) ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2014, 5,196 patients with 9,743 tumors underwent 8,303 RF ablation sessions. Of these patients, 62 experienced bleeding after hepatic RF ablation; 15 patients (12 men and 3 women; mean age 62 y; range, 49-76 y) underwent embolization and composed the final study cohort. Tumors were hepatocellular carcinomas in 13 (87%) patients and metastatic adenocarcinomas from colorectal cancer in 2 (13%) patients...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008597/physician-participation-in-meaningful-use-and-quality-of-care-for-medicare-fee-for-service-enrollees
#17
Hye-Young Jung, Mark Aaron Unruh, Joshua R Vest, Lawrence P Casalino, Lisa M Kern, Zachary M Grinspan, Yuhua Bao, Rainu Kaushal
OBJECTIVES: The Meaningful Use initiative has made nearly $30 billion available through incentive programs to encourage provider adoption and use of electronic health records. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of outpatient physicians' participation in Meaningful Use on the quality of care provided to Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) enrollees. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: One hundred percent inpatient and outpatient Medicare FFS claims covering the period January 2010 through December 2012...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007025/study-protocol-of-the-asian-xeliri-project-axept-a-multinational-randomized-non-inferiority-phase-iii-trial-of-second-line-chemotherapy-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-comparing-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-xeliri-with-or-without-bevacizumab-versus-folfiri-with
#18
Masahito Kotaka, Ruihua Xu, Kei Muro, Young Suk Park, Satoshi Morita, Satoru Iwasa, Hiroyuki Uetake, Tomohiro Nishina, Hiroaki Nozawa, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Kentaro Yamazaki, Sae-Won Han, Wei Wang, Joong Bae Ahn, Yanhong Deng, Sang-Hee Cho, Yi Ba, Keun-Wook Lee, Tao Zhang, Taroh Satoh, Marc E Buyse, Baek-Yeol Ryoo, Lin Shen, Junichi Sakamoto, Tae Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Capecitabine and irinotecan combination therapy (XELIRI) has been examined at various dose levels to treat metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Recently, in the Association of Medical Oncology of the German Cancer Society (AIO) 0604 trial, tri-weekly XELIRI plus bevacizumab, with reduced doses of irinotecan (200 mg/m(2) on day 1) and capecitabine (1600 mg/m(2) on days 1-14), repeated every 3 weeks, has shown favorable tolerability and efficacy which were comparable to those of capecitabine and oxaliplatin (XELOX) plus bevacizumab...
December 22, 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004966/a-survey-based-analysis-on-endoscopic-quality-indicators-compliance-among-spanish-endoscopists
#19
Ignacio Fernández-Urien, Federico Argüelles, Pedro A Alonso, Javier Júdez, Begoña Bermejo
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopy plays a key role for the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal disorders. Therefore, quality indicators have been widely proposed in order to optimize endoscopic practice. The aims of this study, promoted by the Spanish Society of Digestive Diseases (SEPD), were to assess the knowledge and compliance to endoscopy quality indicators among Spanish gastroenterologists. METHODS: A 31-questionnaire survey was created based on the endoscopy quality indicators proposed by international guidelines...
December 22, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004168/review-of-the-clinical-evidence-for-the-use-of-debiri-in-the-treatment-of-colorectal-metastatic-disease
#20
Shamar Young, Donna D'Souza, Siobhan Flanagan, Jafar Golzarian
Colorectal cancer is a common malignancy that most commonly metastasizes to the liver. There has been considerable effort in developing new treatment options for these patients. One method that has been developed for the treatment of colorectal metastases to the liver is irinotecan-loaded drug-eluting bead (DEBIRI) embolization. This article reviews the current literature on DEBIRI and discusses the state of current knowledge and possible areas of future investigation.
December 21, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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