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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351961/occupational-therapy-intervention-improves-glycemic-control-and-quality-of-life-among-young-adults-with-diabetes-the-resilient-empowered-active-living-with-diabetes-real-diabetes-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Elizabeth A Pyatak, Kristine Carandang, Cheryl L P Vigen, Jeanine Blanchard, Jesus Diaz, Alyssa Concha-Chavez, Paola A Sequeira, Jamie R Wood, Robin Whittemore, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Anne L Peters
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a manualized occupational therapy (OT) intervention (Resilient, Empowered, Active Living with Diabetes [REAL Diabetes]) to improve glycemic control and psychosocial well-being among ethnically diverse young adults with low socioeconomic status (SES) who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Eighty-one young adults (age 22.6 ± 3.5 years; hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] = 10.8%/95 mmol/mol ± 1.9%/20.8 mmol/mol) were randomly assigned to the REAL Diabetes intervention group (IG) or an attention control group (CG) over 6 months...
January 19, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343462/a-tailored-web-based-advice-tool-for-skiers-and-snowboarders-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ellen Kemler, Vincent Gouttebarge
BACKGROUND: Being active in sports has many positive health effects. The direct effects of engaging in regular physical activity are particularly apparent in the prevention of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis. Besides the beneficial health effects of being active, sports participation is unfortunately also associated with a risk of injuries. In the case of many sports injuries (eg, winter sports) preventive measures are not compulsory, which means that a behavioral change in sports participants is necessary to increase the use of effective measures, and subsequently prevent or reduce injuries in sports...
January 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320669/comorbidities-in-australian-women-with-hormone-dependent-breast-cancer-a-population-based-analysis
#3
Huah Shin Ng, Bogda Koczwara, David M Roder, Theo Niyonsenga, Agnes I Vitry
OBJECTIVE: To compare how frequently selected chronic diseases developed in women with breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy, and in women without cancer. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective, rolling cohort study, analysing a random 10% sample of Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) data for the period 1 January 2003 - 31 December 2014. Women with breast cancer who first commenced endocrine therapy between January 2004 and December 2011 were identified, and age- and sex-matched (1:10) by comorbidity with control groups of women who did not have a dispensing record for antineoplastic agents during the study period or the comorbidity of interest at baseline...
January 15, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318645/endometriosis-increased-the-risk-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis-a-population-based-study
#4
Chia-Chang Wu, Shiu-Dong Chung, Herng-Ching Lin
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested an association between bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and endometriosis. However, no nation-wide population study has yet reported an association between them. In this study, we examined the risk of BPS/IC among subjects with endometriosis during a 3-year follow-up in Taiwan using a population-based dataset. STUDY DESIGN: This study comprised 9191 subjects with endometriosis, and 27 573 subjects randomly selected as controls...
January 10, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317927/pharmacists-providing-care-in-the-outpatient-setting-through-telemedicine-models-a-narrative-review
#5
Sydney L Littauer, Dave L Dixon, Vimal K Mishra, Evan M Sisson, Teresa M Salgado
Telemedicine refers to the delivery of clinical services using technology that allows two-way, real time, interactive communication between the patient and the clinician at a distant site. Commonly, telemedicine is used to improve access to general and specialty care for patients in rural areas. This review aims to provide an overview of existing telemedicine models involving the delivery of care by pharmacists via telemedicine (including telemonitoring and video, but excluding follow-up telephone calls) and to highlight the main areas of chronic-disease management where these models have been applied...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302544/morbidity-pattern-and-its-sociodemographic-determinants-among-elderly-population-of-raichur-district-karnataka-india
#6
Leyanna Susan George, Sanjay Deshpande, M K Krishna Kumar, Ramesh S Patil
Context: India is an "aging nation" with 7.7% of its population being above 60 years of age. It has resulted in a rise of both physical and mental health morbidities. Aims: This study aimed to gather information regarding the morbidity pattern and its sociodemographic determinants among the elderly residing in the rural villages of Raichur, to understand the need for geriatric health-care facilities. Settings and Design: This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in six rural villages of Raichur District, of which 230 elderly were selected randomly...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289377/treatment-of-paraphilic-disorders-in-sexual-offenders-or-men-with-a-risk-of-sexual-offending-with-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-agonists-an-updated-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken
BACKGROUND: Different pharmacologic agents are used in the treatment of paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders or men with a risk of sexual offending, with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists being the agents introduced more recently to treatment regimens. AIM: To summarize the relevant literature concerning LHRH agonist treatment of paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders and update the previously published systematic review by Briken et al (J Clin Psychiatry 2003;64:890-897)...
January 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286590/the-association-between-sleep-apnea-and-suicidal-thought-and-behavior-an-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#8
Todd M Bishop, Lisham Ashrafioun, Wilfred R Pigeon
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances have been associated with increased risk for suicidal thought and behavior. The literature in regard to sleep and suicide, however, has focused predominantly on generalized sleep disturbance or insomnia. The purpose of the current study is to examine relationships among sleep apnea and suicidal thought and behavior using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 2014 data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283609/-miscarried-helping-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-helping-for-health-inventory-couples
#9
Rika Tanaka, Paula M Trief, Kasandra Scales, Ruth S Weinstock
OBJECTIVE: Family-partner support has been associated with better blood glucose control, self-care adherence, and quality of life in adult patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D). "Miscarried helping" has described interactions between youth with chronic diseases and their family members, in which a family member is helpful, but efforts are perceived as negative by the patient. Miscarried helping has not, however, been measured in adults with diabetes, which was the purpose of our study. METHOD: Data from a randomized clinical trial (n = 268) were analyzed to establish the psychometric properties and correlates of an adaptation of a measure of miscarried helping developed in pediatric populations, for use with adults with T2D...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280685/associations-among-comorbid-anxiety-psychiatric-symptomatology-and-diabetic-control-in-a-population-with-serious-mental-illness-and-diabetes-findings-from-an-interventional-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Awais Aftab, Chetan Bhat, Douglas Gunzler, Kristin Cassidy, Charles Thomas, Richard McCormick, Neal V Dawson, Martha Sajatovic
Objective Serious mental illness and type II diabetes mellitus have a high comorbidity, and both have a higher prevalence of anxiety disorders compared to the general population. Targeted Training in Illness Management is a group-based self-management training approach which targets serious mental illness and type II diabetes mellitus concurrently. This analysis examines data from a randomized controlled trial of Targeted Training in Illness Management intervention to examine the impact of comorbid anxiety on baseline psychiatric symptomatology and diabetic control, and on longitudinal treatment outcomes...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259563/psychosocial-interventions-and-wellbeing-in-individuals-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Michaela C Pascoe, David R Thompson, David J Castle, Zoe M Jenkins, Chantal F Ski
Purpose: A number of studies, including systematic reviews, show beneficial effects of psychosocial interventions for people with diabetes mellitus; however, they have not been assessed using meta-analysis. The purpose of this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials is to investigate the effects of psychosocial interventions on depressive and anxiety symptoms, quality of life and self-efficacy in individuals with diabetes mellitus. Methods: The databases Pubmed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science and SocINDEX were searched with no year restriction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242256/manual-review-of-electronic-medical-records-as-a-reference-standard-for-case-definition-development-a-validation-study
#12
Tyler Williamson, Rebecca C Miyagishima, Janeen D Derochie, Neil Drummond
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance Network (CPCSSN) previously carried out a validation study of case definitions for 8 chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, osteoarthritis, depression, dementia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, parkinsonism and epilepsy) using direct review of "raw" electronic medical record data. Although effective, this method is time-consuming and can present methodological and organizational challenges. We aimed to determine whether the processed and standardized data contained with the CPCSSN database might function as a reference standard for case definition validation...
December 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217502/the-impact-of-a-mobile-diabetes-health-intervention-on-diabetes-distress-and-depression-among-adults-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Charlene C Quinn, Krystal K Swasey, J Christopher F Crabbe, Michelle D Shardell, Michael L Terrin, Erik A Barr, Ann L Gruber-Baldini
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a complex, demanding disease that requires the constant attention of patients. The burden of self-management, including different medication regimens, routine self-care activities, and provider visits, has an impact on patients' emotional well-being. Diabetes distress and depression are two important components of emotional well-being that may negatively affect diabetes outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the impact of the 1-year Mobile Diabetes Intervention Study cluster randomized clinical trial on emotional well-being measured by diabetes distress and depression among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
December 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208621/retrospective-multicohort-analysis-of-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-cprd-to-determine-differences-in-the-cost-of-medication-wastage-dispensing-fees-and-prescriber-time-of-issuing-either-short-60-days-or-long-%C3%A2-60-days-prescription-lengths-in-primary
#14
Brett Doble, Rupert Payne, Amelia Harshfield, Edward C F Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate patterns of early repeat prescriptions and treatment switching over an 11-year period to estimate differences in the cost of medication wastage, dispensing fees and prescriber time for short (<60 days) and long (≥60 days) prescription lengths from the perspective of the National Health Service in the UK. SETTING: Retrospective, multiple cohort study of primary care prescriptions from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. PARTICIPANTS: Five random samples of 50 000 patients each prescribed oral drugs for (1) glucose control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); (2) hypertension in T2DM; (3) statins (lipid management) in T2DM; (4) secondary prevention of myocardial infarction; and (5) depression...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178317/community-program-improves-quality-of-life-and-self-management-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-comorbidity
#15
Maureen Markle-Reid, Jenny Ploeg, Kimberly D Fraser, Kathryn A Fisher, Amy Bartholomew, Lauren E Griffith, John Miklavcic, Amiram Gafni, Lehana Thabane, Ross Upshur
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of a 6-month community-based intervention with that of usual care on quality of life, depressive symptoms, anxiety, self-efficacy, self-management, and healthcare costs in older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 2 or more comorbidities. DESIGN: Multisite, single-blind, parallel, pragmatic, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Four communities in Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (≥65) with T2DM and 2 or more comorbidities randomized into intervention (n = 80) and control (n = 79) groups (N = 159)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163949/health-benefits-of-quran-memorization-for-older-men
#16
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman Alhadlag, Mohamad Anas Albakour, Bader Aljumah, Mohammed Sughayyir, Ziad Alhomidan, Omar Alminderej, Mohamed Aljaser, Ahmed Mohammed Al-Dhlawiy, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Objective: To examine the association between Quran memorization and health among older men. Methods: This cross-sectional study included older Saudi men (age ≥ 55 years) from Buraidah, Al-Qassim. The neighborhoods were selected randomly (20 out of 96); eligible men from the mosques were recruited. Demographics, lifestyle, and depression were assessed with standardized questionnaires; height, weight, blood pressure, and random blood glucose (glucometer) were measured with standard protocol...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157670/presence-of-comorbidities-and-prognosis-of-clinical-symptoms-in-knee-and-or-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Patrick Calders, Ans Van Ginckel
OBJECTIVE: (i) To determine the association between the presence of comorbidities and severity of pain and physical dysfunction in people with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis; (ii) to explore associations between specific comorbidities (cardiac disease and/or hypertension, diabetes, depression, and back pain) and symptom severity. METHODS: Studies were identified through systematic searches in four electronic databases and grey literature, and, subsequently, methodologically appraised...
October 31, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123401/psychosocial-intervention-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-comorbid-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Jing Xie, Wuquan Deng
Background: The efficacy of psychosocial intervention has been proven in treatment of diabetic patients with depression in some studies. This meta-analysis was conducted to explore the efficacy as well as additional effects of this method during diabetic management in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and comorbid depression. Methods: Electronic databases were searched from March 2000 to March 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) studying the effects of psychosocial intervention on T2DM patients with depression...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121263/high-prevalence-of-diabetes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-questionnaire-survey-linked-to-claims-data
#19
Katinka Albrecht, Andres Luque Ramos, Falk Hoffmann, Imke Redeker, Angela Zink
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of diabetes in patients with RA and the impact of diabetes on self-reported outcomes and health care. Methods: RA patients between the ages of 18 and 79 years were randomly selected from a nationwide statutory health insurance fund and were surveyed about rheumatological care and disease burden. Comorbid diabetes (E10-14) was analysed regarding age, sex, BMI and socioeconomic status. Disease burden, comorbidity and prescriptions were compared in RA patients with and without diabetes...
November 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108442/the-effects-of-exercise-on-memory-function-among-young-to-middle-aged-adults-systematic-review-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#20
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith, Meghan K Edwards, Eveleen Sng, Nicole Ashpole
OBJECTIVE: To systematically summarize the experimental effects of exercise on cognitive-related memory function among young to middle-aged adults, which has yet to be done in the literature. DATA SOURCE: PubMed. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Studies were included if they were published in the English language, indexed in PubMed, employed an experimental study design (eg, traditional parallel group randomized controlled trial: either acute intervention or chronic/training intervention study), and conducted among human adults...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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