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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731435/identification-of-circulating-mir-125b-as-a-potential-biomarker-of-alzheimer-s-disease-in-app-ps1-transgenic-mouse
#1
Honghai Hong, Yang Li, Baochang Su
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, characterized by progressive decline in cognitive abilities of the affected individuals. Biological markers are essential to identify individuals at early stages of the disease for timely therapeutic intervention. Currently, pathological biomarkers are detected either through cerebrospinal fluid analysis or brain imaging, or postmortem, all of which are expensive, invasive, or time consuming. Recently, some studies have shown that circulating miR-125b, miR-181c, miR-9, miR-191-5p, miR-26b-3p, and miR-28-3p may be biomarkers of AD...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726273/epigallocatechin-gallate-enhances-treatment-efficacy-of-oral-nifedipine-against-pregnancy-induced-severe-pre-eclampsia-a-double-blind-randomized-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-study
#2
D-D Shi, J-J Guo, L Zhou, N Wang
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Oral nifedipine is commonly used to treat pre-eclampsia, one of the most severe complications during pregnancy, but its clinical efficacy is less than ideal. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a natural compound from green tea, could benefit cardiovascular health especially hypertension. We investigated the clinical efficacy of EGCG, when complemented with oral nifedipine, in treating pre-eclampsia. METHODS: A total of 350 pregnant women with severe pre-eclampsia were recruited and randomized to receive oral nifedipine, together with placebo (NIF+placebo) or EGCG (NIF+EGCG)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725904/cellular-antioxidant-methylglyoxal-trapping-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-cocoa-tea-camellia-ptilophylla-chang
#3
Xiong Gao, Xiaorong Lin, Xiaofei Li, Yuanyuan Zhang, Zhongzheng Chen, Bin Li
Cocoa tea (Camellia ptilophylla Chang) is a naturally low caffeine-containing but gallocatechin gallate (GCG)-rich tea cultivar, though its biological activities have not been extensively explored. Herein, we evaluated the in vitro cellular antioxidant, methylglyoxal trapping, and anti-inflammatory activities of water extract of green tea from cocoa tea (CWE) and Yunnan Daye tea (Camellia sinensis) (YWE), and their predominant bioactive components GCG and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for comparative purposes...
July 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720506/arecoline-activates-latent-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-via-mitochondrial-reactive-oxygen-species-in-buccal-fibroblasts-suppression-by-epigallocatechin-3-gallate
#4
Yu-Ping Hsieh, King-Jean Wu, Hsin-Ming Chen, Yi-Ting Deng
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a premalignant condition caused by the chewing of areca nut (AN). Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of OSF. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF or CCN2) and early growth response-1 (Egr-1) are important mediators in the fibrotic response to TGFβ in several fibrotic disorders including OSF. Arecoline, a major AN alkaloid, induced the synthesis of CCN2 and Egr-1 in human buccal mucosal fibroblast (BMFs)...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714516/-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-attenuates-myocardial-injury-induced-by-ischemia-reperfusion-in-diabetic-rats-and-in-h9c2-cells-under-hyperglycemic-conditions
#5
Yang Wu, Zhong-Yuan Xia, Bo Zhao, Yan Leng, Juan Dou, Qing-Tao Meng, Shao-Qing Lei, Zhi-Ze Chen, Jie Zhu
(-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) exerts multiple beneficial effects on cardiovascular performance. In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of EGCG on diabetic cardiomyopathy during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. EGCG (100 mg/kg/day) was administered at week 6 for 2 weeks to diabetic rats following the induction of type 1 diabetes by streptozotocin (STZ). At the end of week 8, the animals were subjected to myocardial I/R injury. The EGCG-elicited structural and functional effects were analyzed...
August 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713936/epigallocatechin-gallate-attenuates-overload%C3%A2-induced-cardiac-ecm-remodeling-via-restoring-t-cell-homeostasis
#6
Yongsheng Han, Qingtong Wang, Xizhen Fan, Jun Chu, Junfu Peng, Yousheng Zhu, Yan Li, Xiaojing Li, Lei Shen, James Asenso, Shanfeng Li
It has previously been demonstrated that Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) has regulatory effects on cellular immunity. The present study explored whether EGCG inhibits the overload‑induced cardiac extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling through targeting the balance of T cell subpopulations. Sprague‑Dawley rats were subjected to either transverse aortic constriction (TAC) or sham operation. TAC rats were treated with EGCG or valsartan (Val) for 6 weeks. The administration of EGCG or Val ameliorated the overproduction of cardiac collagen, inhibited matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity, decreased the expression of tissue inhibitor of MMP‑2, atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713815/bioinformatic-prediction-of-possible-targets-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-the-green-tea-compound-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-against-breast-cancer
#7
Xinqiang Song, Mu Zhang, Lei Chen, Qingsong Lin
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a bioactive compound in green tea, is the most abundant and biologically active catechin, and it exerts multiple effects in humans through mechanisms that remain to be clarified. The present study used bioinformatics to identify possible mechanisms by which EGCG reduces risk of breast cancer. Possible human protein targets of EGCG were identified in the PubChem database, possible human gene targets were identified in the NCBI database, and then both sets of targets were analyzed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis to predict molecular networks affected by EGCG in breast cancer...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712707/discovery-of-a-potent-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-via-virtual-screening
#8
Zhipeng Ke, Zhenzhen Su, Xinzhuang Zhang, Zeyu Cao, Yue Ding, Liang Cao, Gang Ding, Zhenzhong Wang, Haichun Liu, Wei Xiao
Prompted by the prominent role of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in hypertension, heart failures, myocardial infarction and diabetic nephropathy, we have attempted to discover novel ACE inhibitors through ligand-based virtual screening. Molecular docking method and rigorously validated model was utilized to search a natural compounds database. Finally, 36 compounds were randomly selected and subjected to in vitro ACE kinase inhibitory assay using fluorescence assays method. The results showed that three compounds (Licochalcone A, Echinatin and EGCG) have strong potential to be developed as a new class of ACE inhibitors...
July 5, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707966/targeted-molecular-ablation-of-cancer-stem-cells-for-curing-gastrointestinal-cancers
#9
Yong Seok Kim, Ho Jae Lee, Jong-Min Park, Young-Min Han, Napapan Kangwan, Ji Young Oh, Dong Yoon Lee, Ki Baik Hahm
Abundance of the ATPase-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and deranged self-renewal pathways characterize the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in gastrointestinal cancers (GI cancers), which play crucial roles in tumorigenesis, chemotherapy resistance, tumor recurrence, and cancer metastasis. Therefore, in order to ensure high cure rates, chemoquiescence, CSCs should be ablated. Recent advances in either understanding CSCs or biomarker identification enable scientists to develop techniques for ablating CSCs and clinicians to provide cancer cure, especially in GI cancers characterized by inflammation-driven carcinogenesis...
July 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707612/catechin-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-black-teas-in-relation-to-brewing-time
#10
Wojciech Koch, Wirginia Kukula-Koch, Kazimierz Głowniak
Black tea infusions are one of the most popular beverages across the world. Their extract composition dependson several factors, brewing time being one of the most important determinants. The aim of the present study was to determine the catechin composition of different black tea infusions using a validated LC electrospray ionization time-of-flight MS method. Additionally, total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity of infusions were evaluated using Folin–Ciocalteu reagent and stable radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707601/potential-role-of-natural-compounds-as-anti-angiogenic-agents-in-cancer
#11
Muthu K Shanmugam, Sudha Warrier, Alan Prem Kumar, Gautam Sethi, Frank Arfuso
BACKGROUND: Neovascularization, also known as angiogenesis, is the process of capillary sprouting from pre-existing blood vessels. This physiological process is a hallmark event in normal embryonic development as blood vessels generally supply both oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body. Any disruption in this process can lead to the development of various chronic diseases, including cancer. In cancer, aberrant angiogenesis plays a prominent role in maintaining sustained tumor growth to malignant phenotypes and promoting metastasis...
July 12, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703809/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-a-prototypic-chemopreventative-agent-for-protection-against-cisplatin-based-ototoxicity
#12
Vikrant Borse, Raheem F H Al Aameri, Kelly Sheehan, Sandeep Sheth, Tejbeer Kaur, Debashree Mukherjea, Srinivasan Tupal, Michelle Lowy, Sumana Ghosh, Asmita Dhukhwa, Puspanjali Bhatta, Leonard P Rybak, Vickram Ramkumar
Cisplatin-induced ototoxicity is one of the major factors limiting cisplatin chemotherapy. Ototoxicity results from damage to outer hair cells (OHCs) and other regions of the cochlea. At the cellular level, cisplatin increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) leading to cochlear inflammation and apoptosis. Thus, ideal otoprotective drugs should target oxidative stress and inflammatory mechanisms without interfering with cisplatin's chemotherapeutic efficacy. In this study, we show that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a prototypic agent exhibiting these properties of an effect otoprotective agent...
July 13, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698806/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-enhances-er-stress-induced-cancer-cell-apoptosis-by-directly-targeting-parp16-activity
#13
Juanjuan Wang, Chenggang Zhu, Dan Song, Ruiqi Xia, Wenbo Yu, Yongjun Dang, Yiyan Fei, Long Yu, Jiaxue Wu
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) are ADP-ribosylating enzymes and play important roles in a variety of cellular processes. Most small-molecule PARP inhibitors developed to date have been against PARP1, a poly-ADP-ribose transferase, and suffer from poor selectivity. PARP16, a mono-ADP-ribose transferase, has recently emerged as a potential therapeutic target, but its inhibitor development has trailed behind. Here we newly characterized epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) as a potential inhibitor of PARP16...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698767/nrf2-plays-a-critical-role-in-both-self-and-egcg-protection-against-diabetic-testicular-damage
#14
Chenyu Pan, Shengzhu Zhou, Junduo Wu, Lingyun Liu, Yanyan Song, Tie Li, Lijuan Ha, Xiaona Liu, Fuchun Wang, Jingyan Tian, Hao Wu
Activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) has been found to ameliorate diabetic testicular damage (DTD) in rodents. However, it was unclear whether NRF2 is required for these approaches in DTD. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is a potent activator of NRF2 and has shown beneficial effects on multiple diabetic complications. However, the effect of EGCG has not been studied in DTD. The present study aims to explore the role of NRF2 in both self and EGCG protection against DTD. Therefore, streptozotocin-induced diabetic C57BL/6 wild type (WT) and Nrf2 knockout (KO) mice were treated in the presence or absence of EGCG, for 24 weeks...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698540/epigallocatechin-gallate-attenuates-hip-fracture-induced-acute-lung-injury-by-limiting-mitochondrial-dna-mtdna-release
#15
Xiao-Dan Zhao, Hao Liu, Tao Li, Quan Gong, Wen-Li Zhang
BACKGROUND To study the protective effects and explore the mechanism of epigallocatechingallate (EGCG) on the hip fracture-induced acute lung injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into the control group, hip fracture group, and hip fracture + EGCG (10 mg/Kg) group. After 24 h, blood samples, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and lung tissue were collected. Serum mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was measured by RT-PCR and BALF was used to perform cytological analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) assay...
July 12, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693994/ferritin-glycosylated-by-chitosan-as-a-novel-egcg-nano-carrier-structure-stability-and-absorption-analysis
#16
Rui Yang, Yuqian Liu, Yunjing Gao, Yongjin Wang, Chris Blanchard, Zhongkai Zhou
Ferritin is a shell-like carrier protein with an 8nm diameter cavity which endows a natural space to encapsulate food and drug components. In this work, phytoferritin was unprecedentedly glycosylated by chitosan to fabricate ferritin-chitosan Maillard reaction products (FCMPs) (grafting degree of 26.17%, 24h, 55°C). Results indicated that the amide I and II bands of ferritin were altered due to the chitosan grafting, whereas the ferritin spherical structure were retained. Simulated digestion analysis showed that the FCMPs were more resistant to pepsin and trypsin digestion as compared with ferritin alone...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693288/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-inhibits-growth-and-induces-apoptosis-in-esophageal-cancer-cells-through-the-demethylation-and-reactivation-of-the-p16-gene
#17
Jianchao Meng, Qiang Tong, Xiaobo Liu, Zongtao Yu, Jicai Zhang, Bo Gao
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of treatment with epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the human esophageal cancer cell line ECa109 and elucidate the associated underlying mechanisms. ECa109 cells were cultured and treated with increasing concentrations of EGCG for various durations. Cell viability was evaluated using the MTT assay and apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry. The methylation status of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (p16) gene was analyzed using the methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693189/epigallocatechin-gallate-inhibits-the-growth-of-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells-via-inactivation-of-the-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#18
On-Yu Hong, Eun-Mi Noh, Hye-Yeon Jang, Young-Rae Lee, Byoung Kil Lee, Sung Hoo Jung, Jong-Suk Kim, Hyun Jo Youn
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major constituent of green tea, has potential as a treatment for a variety of diseases, including cancer. EGCG induces apoptosis and inhibits tumorigenesis through multiple signaling pathways in breast cancer cells. β-catenin signaling modulators could be useful in the prevention and therapy of breast cancer. However, the precise anticancer effect of EGCG through the β-catenin signaling pathway in breast cancer is unclear. The present study investigated the association between β-catenin expression and clinicopathological factors of breast cancer patients, and the effect of EGCG on β-catenin expression in breast cancer cells...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679060/protective-effects-of-green-tea-polyphenol-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-against-sevoflurane-induced-neuronal-apoptosis-involves-regulation-of-creb-bdnf-trk-b-and-pi3k-akt-mtor-signalling-pathways-in-neonatal-mice
#19
Mei-Li Ding, Hui Ma, Yi-Gang Man, Yan-Hong Lv
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a polyphenol in green tea is an effective antioxidant and possesses neuroprotective effects. For neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) are crucially involved. In this study we aimed to assess protective effects of EGCG against sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity in neonatal mice. Distinct groups of C57BL/6 mice were given EGCG (25, 50 or 75 mg/kg b.wt) from postnatal day 3 (P3) to P21 and were subjected to sevoflurane (3 %; 6 h) exposure on P7...
July 5, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678746/long-term-supplementation-of-decaffeinated-green-tea-extract-does-not-modify-body-weight-or-abdominal-obesity-in-a-randomized-trial-of-men-at-high-risk-for-prostate-cancer
#20
Nagi B Kumar, Roshni Patel, Julio Pow-Sang, Philippe E Spiess, Raoul Salup, Christopher R Williams, Michael J Schell
BACKGROUND: Evidence continues to demonstrate the role of obesity in prostate carcinogenesis and prognosis, underscoring the need to identify and continue to evaluate the effective interventions to reduce obesity in populations at high risk. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of daily consumption of decaffeinated green tea catechins (GTC) formulation (Polyphenon E® (PolyE)) for 1 year on biomarkers of obesity in men who are at high risk for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded trial was conducted targeting 97 men diagnosed with HGPIN or ASAP...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
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